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Duty, The Best Frame for, 319.

Firmness in, 672.

Dying Declaration, The Faithful Minister's,

576.

E

Earnest Appeal, An, 399.
Earth, Contrast of, with Heaven, 287.
Eastern Houses, A Description of, 395.
Echo, 48.
Eclipse, The. A Sonnet, 288.
Edification, 63.
Education, Infant, The Importance of, 496.
Electricity. By the Rev. James Brodic, 525.
Eliot, John, Biographical Sketch of, 435.
Elisha, The Children Mock. A Discourse,

by the Rev. Thomas Dimma, A.M., 552.
Eli's Sons, The Sin and the Punishment of.

A Discourse, by the Rev. Walter M.Gil-

vray, 409.
Emigrant, The Scottish. By the Rev. G.

Burns D.D., 689.

Employment, The Best, 112.

End, The Infidel's, 416.

Entertainment, Our Lord's, at the house of

Simon the Leper. By the Rev. Robert

Jamieson, 631, 668.

Ephod, The Christian, 671.

Escape, Providential, 336.

Eternity, Think of, 350.

Evil Speaking, 671.

Exampie, Christian, 255.

Example, Good, The Happy Influence of, 485

Extreinity, Man's, is often God's Opportuni-

ty, 024.

F

Facts, Interesting, 16.

Faith, On. By the Rev. John Macfarlane,
369.

Effects of, 63.
- On Assurance of. By the Rev. John
Macfarlane, 545.

On the Increase of. By the Rev.

John Macfarlane, 656.

Families, The Division of Mankind into.

By Rev. James Buchanan, 17.

Family Worship, 30.

Thoughts on. By the Rev.

Charles Watson, D.D. 193.

Religion, 30.

Farm - House, Visits to a, 470, 492.

Fasting as a Christian Duty, On. By the

Rev. Duncan Macfarian, 446, 462.

Fishes, Thoughts on the Structure vi, 519.

Flemish Martyrs in 1536, 183.

France, The Early Protestant Church of.

By the Rev. John G, Lorimer, 555, 603.

602.

Francke, Hernan, 255.

Friend, Christian, On the Death of a, 496.

Fruits, The First. By the Rev. Robert

M'Cheyne, 94.

H Н

" Habitation, The, not made with hands," 574.

Hale, Sir Matthew, Biographical Sketch of,

115.

Hall, The late Rev. Robert, Biographical

Sketch of, 419.

Heart, The folly of a Man trusting in his own.

A Discourse, by the Rev. R. S. Candlish,

A.M., 56.

The World in the, 256.

Hearing the Word, 416.

Heathen, Obligation to Preach to the, 223.

Number of the, 320.

Experience of the. By the Rev.

John A. Wallace, 509, 637.

Heaven, 432.

By Mrs J. B. Patterson, 624.

The Joy of, 143.

The Reward in, 223.

Preparation for, 367.

The Doctrine of Recognition in. A

Discourse, by the late Rev. William Paul,

520, 536.

A Home in, 528.

Hebrews, On the Theology of the. By the

Rev. R. Simpson, Minister of Kintore,

645.

xii. 18-29, Metrical Version of, 688.

Herald, To the Scottish Christian. By the

Rev. Duncan Grant, A. M., 32.

Herod, On the Character of. By the Rev.

Robert S. Candlish, A.M., 205.

Ilervey, Rev. James, 304.

Hey, Wm. Esq., Biographical Sketch of, 562.

Heywood, The Rev. Oliver, Biographical

Sketch of, 595, 611.

Hido, A Worshipping Assembly at, in the

Island of Hawaii, 261.

Hildesly, Bishop, 176.

Hill, The Rev. Rowland, Biographical Sketch

of, 195, 211.

Hillel, Or the Destruction of Sodom. By

Professor Tennant, 590.

Hindoo, The Discourse of a Poor, 208.

Female, A, 432.

Holy Sepulchre. A Description of the, 588.

Fire, The Miracle of, 318.

Be, 687.

Honestus; or the Man that cried, “ Who

will shew me any Good!" By the Rev.

Robert Lee 85.

Honesty, Real, 496.

Hope, Final, 160.

Hottentot Boy, A, 528.

Howard, John, Biographical Sketch of, 354.

The Tomb of, 251.

Huntington, Mrs, Biographical Sketch of, 237.

Human Merit as a Ground of Salvation, Re-

liance on. By the Rev. Henry Duncan,

D.D., 433.

Humility, 32.

Ilymo, The Labourer's Noon-Day, 352.

Hypocrisy, 271.

1

Idolatry, The Prevalence of, 334.
Idyls, Hebrew, By Professor Tennant, 367,

590.
Immortality, Memorials of. By the Rev.

James Esdaile, 565.
Imperfection, On the, of the Present Condi-

tion. By the Rev. H. Ralph, LL.D., 577.

Inconsistency, Fully of, 671.

Independence, True, 48.

Indian, An, 480.
Industry, On. By the late Rev. Sir Henry

Moncreitt Wellwood, Bart. D.D., 129.

Infant, On the Death of an, 320.

Infidel, The Conversion of an, 54.

The Reluctant Confession of an, 240.

An American, 400

's Servant, An, 272.

Ingratitude shewn in rejecting Christ, 47.

Instruction, Youthful, 176.

Interpretere of the Bible, A Hint to, 176

Isaiah, Chap. xviii., Remarks on. Extract-

ed from the works of Bishop Horsley. 69.

Chap. XXXV., Paraphrase of. By

Robert Gilfillan, 464.

Ishmael in the Desert. By the Rev. Robert

Jamieson, 12.

Islander, A South Sea, 240.

K
Kindness, Christian, 432.
Kingdom, The Way to the prepared, 590.

L

Law, The, gives a knowledge of Sin, 222.

Lazarus Raised from the Dead. A Dis-

course, by the late Rev. J. B. Patterson,

A.M., 681, 691.

Letter to a Lady under Concern for Salva.

tion, By the Rev. James Sicveright,

A.M., 126.

Letters to a Lady in Distress of Mind. By

the Rev. H. Duncan, D.D., 150, 189, 215.
Lewis, The Isle of, A Revival of Religion in,

309.
Liberality, 495.
Life, On the Every Day Sorrows of, 575.

Reflections on the Shortness of Human.

A Discourse, by the Rev. James Gibson,

103.

Lines. By James Glassford, Esq., 176.

Locusts. By the Rev. Robert Jainieson,

27.

Lord Jesus, They who Killed the, 271.

The, is my Shepherd, 3-3.

Lord's Supper, Å Fervent Appeal at the,

158.

Love, The, of God in Christ. A Discourse,

by the Rev. Walter Weir, 232.

the Truth and Peace, ) 13.

of the World, Adruonitions on, 254.

to God, 383.

The Voice of. By the Rev. John

Longmuir, A.M., 448.

« Lovest thou Me?" 159.

Luther, Martin, The Early Days of, 243.

Luxemburgh, The Duke of, 258.

M

Mackail, The Rev. Hugh, 112.

Hugh, a Scottish Martyr, 414.

Magi, The Three. By William Park, 640.

Magnanimity, True, 112.

Mahommedanism, Apostasy to, 99.

Man, The St. Kilda, 96.

Cease from, 112.

The Dignity of, 416.
The Origin of, 439.

He makes the Wrath of, to Praise Him,
592.

The Vanity of. A Discourse, hy the

late Rev. Thomas M'Crie, D.D., 618.

Man's Exertion? What onght to be the Chief

Object of. By the Rev. J. C. Fowler,

A.M., 385.

Martin, The late Rev. James, Biographical

Sketch of, 163.

Martyn, The Rev. Henry, Biographical

Sketch of, 379.

Matter and its Properties. By the Rev.

James Brodie, 558.

Melancholy, Religious, 160.

Melancthon, 352.

, Biographical Sketch of Philip,

402.

's Servant, 208.

Meekness of Spirit, 254.

Mind, True Peace of, U12.

Ministry, To a Friend entering the, 16.

A Call to the, 192.

Miracles, On the Moral End of. By the

Rev. Robert Brydon, 289.

Missions, 64.

By the Rev. Robert M'Cheyne, 10.

The Effect of, 576.

Missionaries, Greenland, 160.

Missionary Zeal, 192.

The, 304.

The. By the Rev. R. Whyte-
hend, 636.
Morning Star, The, 144.
Mortality, Thoughts on. By the Rev. Wil-

liam Nicolson, 497.
Mortar, Danger of Daubing with Untem.

pered, 336.
Mortifying Sin, Best Mede of, 176.
Moses, They Sing the Song of, 128.
Mother, Have you a, 272.
Mother, The Blind Girl to her, 64.
Motion, Laws of. By the Rev. James Bro.

die, Minister of Monimail, 613.

Mountain Hlymn. By the Rev. Alexander

S. Patterson, 208.

Much Labour, but no Profit, 224.

Mysteries? Is it a Valid Objection to the

Truth of Divine Revelation that it con-
tains. By the Rer. Peter Curror, Mi-
nister of St. Martin's, 609.

N

Nail, A, in a Sure Place, 256.

Nature and Grace, 623.
Nett, Felix, Biographical Sketch of, 3.

G

Galen the Anatomist, 636.

Gardiner, Colonel, 304.

Gellert, Christian F., Biographical Sketch of.

By Thomas Brown, Esq., 258.

Gilpin, Bernard, Biographical Sketch of, 18.
Gipsy, The Good Old King and the Dying,

503.
Glenorchy, The Right Hon. Wilielina Vis-

countess, Biographi al Sketch of, 515,

God our Witness. A Discourse, by the Rev.

George Burns, D.D., 264.

- Communion with, 271.

Hallowing the Name of. A Discourse,

by the Rev. Jolin Anderson, 280.

Meditation on, 303.

Subinission to the Will of, 336.

and Mammon, 543.

is Everywhere, 592.

The Providence of, 608.

Good Fruits, 31.

It is, to be here, 240.

Gospel, the, Manner in which the Believer

views. Discourse, by the Rev. James

Barr, D.D., 24.

Value of the, 47.

Invitation of the. A Discourse, by
the Rev. Robert Lee, 88.

the, Practical Effect of, 144.
Scheme, The, 270.

of Christ, The Transforming Influ-

ence of the. By the Rev.Jamncs Ranken,

449.

The, Success of, 656.

The Self-Detecting Power of the.

A Discourse, by the Rev. James Noble,

A.M., 600.

Salvation, On the Origin of the. By

the Rev. T. Ross, LL.D., 673.

Grace, Free, The Glory of, 463.

Growth in, 543.
Gravity, Christian, 223.
Grey, Lady Jane, 528.
Greece, Missionaries in, 352.
Greenlander, A, Clear View's of, 80.
Guilt, Satisfaction for, 589.

Schemiah, The Life and Character of. A Religion of Abstract Statements, not the

I purse, by the Rev. Robert Burns, Religion of the leart. By the Rev.
D.D. 295.

Duncan Macfarlan, 606.
u's Dire. By the Rev. J. Anderson, 304.

Sweetens Life, 431.
# Sa Lost bit Gone Before," 160..

Religious linpressions, Importance of Early.

Swin Frora the German of, 144.

By Thomas Brown, Esq., 535.

Remark, A Pithy, 144.

0

Reminiscence, An Interesting, 576.

Olek, Jeba Frederick, Biographical Sketch

Repentance, 128.

34 .

The Picture of, 239.

hocal, 656.

Death-Bed, 630.

012, Coristian, 129.

Resignation, Christian, 341.
Op House at lalle, The Origin of, 406.

Prayer for, 496.
P

Revenge, Iloly, 435.
Peltsd to; a Missionary Station among

Richmond, Legh ; bis Mother; or the In-
the tantots, 47).

fluence of a Pious Parent, 23.

Puedes af ar Saviour, On the. By the

Rochester, The Earl of, 256.

ter. Wan Cunningham, 33.

5, Lord, The Conversion of, 391.
Pa Cat Retrospect of the, 448.

Russia, The State of the Church in. By
Pass. The late Rev. J. B., A.M., Bio.

Thomas Brown, Esq., 365, 339.

Ruth and Naomi. By Prof. Tennant, 367.
in Sketch of, 674.
Pues Ibeth-Bed, 332.

Rutherford, The Rev. Samuel, Biographical
Pica Rr. E., Diosraphical Sketch of, 386.

Sketch ot, 547.

F40, i te ry to find, 665.

S

with (r, 191.

and Honness, The Duties of. A Dis-

Sabbath, 123.

arse, by the Rev. Robert Gordon,

Value of the. By the Rev. Archi-

D D., S.

bald Bennie, 49.

Prrierere, 7.

Night's Reflection. By the Rev.

Peter M. Morland, 192.

Porse. The Grounds of, 239.

Pt. Die Voice of, to Britain, 384.

School Hymn. By the Rev. Dun-

Peter's Sound Epistle, A Suminary Review

can Grant, A.S., 224.

of Fir! Copier of, 607.

Sailor Boy, 384.

Poarse and the Publican. By Richard

Saints Above, The Blessedness of the, 255.

12. L., M.D., 40.

- The Sutterings and Happiness of. A

Pleiny (initian. By the Rev. James

Discourse, by the Rev. Thomas Ross,

Erre, 17, 31327, 379, 613.

LLI)., 456,

Phys. 122, 4 Pozs, 592.

Samuel, The Divine Interposition in behalf

of.

Petr, The Beratit of Early. 144.

A Discourse by the Rev. John

und Persecution, 360.

Smyth, D.D., 617.

Sarah, Poor, 288.

an Picy, 393.

PisteQuition, 394.

Satistaction, Where is it to be Found ? 335.

PT. T. art but a Poor.

Saul, The Sin and the Punishment of.

By Sir

A

Weis Ainsle, M.D., 656.

Discourse, by the Rev. John Hunter,

Pous lescluton, A, 399.

A.M., 360.

and Jonathan, David's Lamentation

11133 27d Animals, Variety of Structure in,

over. By J. W. Wright, 400.

Perf. The Martyrdom of, 280.

Saunders, David, 400.

For Every Man in his Proper, 239.

Saviour, Trust in the, 576.
Pi. A Visit to, 486.

Science, Natural, On the Advantages to be
Pour He that giveth to the, lendeth to the

Derived by the Christian from the Study

Lord, 621.

of. By the Rev. James Brodie, 211.

Passes Singing. By the Rev. Robert M. Scripture, a Never-ending Treasure, 479.

The Fulness of, 671.

Ctene, 12.

Prayer:15, tis7.

Truth, On the Best Methods of

The Stetssity of, 319.

Studying. By the Rev. C. Brown, 593.
On Regularity in, 479.

Scriptures, Importance of the. By the Rev.
On Social, 403.

Robert Gordon, D.D., 113.

Scriptural Researches.

ATSKEr to, 195.

By the Rev. James

The Erticzey of, 592.

Esdaile, 76, 133, 234, 332, 429.

Direction for, 655.

Season, A Word in, 112, 252, 332.

Self-Examination, a Suitable Preparation
Seret, 297.
The Best Defence, 224.

for the Lord's Supper. A Discourse, by
intercessory, 191.

the Rev. Robert Gordon, D.D., 152.
On the Duty of. By the Rev. John Knowledge, 495.

Sermons, Hearing, 399.
Syza, 177.
The Wonders of, 142.

Sheriff, The Rev. Francis, Biographical

Le Fountain of every Benefit, 47.

Sketch of, 627.

and Painstaking, 352.

Sickness and Death, 111.

to the Dead. By the Rev. Robert

Sin, The Vanity of, 35),

God's Hatred of, 543.
Crede, 6).
The Source of Dependence in, 607.

As is our View of, so is our View of

Christ, 543.

Praling, The Art of, 463.
The, of the Cross. A Discourse,

Sinner's, The, Estimate of his Condition,
by the late Rev. A. Hunter, D.D., 424.

contrasted with his real State. A Dis-
Prezrber, The Blind, 110.

course, by the Rev. Andrew Gray, 312.
Herits. Christian, 415.

Sinners, The Excuses of, 417.
Prescriziko, Remarkable, 394.

Sketches, A Pastor's, 66, 307.

Pron, le influence of Religion exhibited

Smith, Kitty, 359.

It 2 39

Snow-Storm in October. By the Rev. S.

Per Arneriean. 288.

Martin, 667.
in D*, The Danger of, 383.

Social Condition, Philosophy of the. By
Irci contained in the Holy Scriptures,

James Stark, Esq., 670.
o the. By the Rev. D. Brown, 417. Society, a Missionary, First Establishment
PEST, On. By the Rev. William Scott

of, in the South Sea Islands, 172.
Wortteill, 273.

Soldier, An English, 176.
le i avii., Remarks on. By the Rev. Solemn Consideration, Questions for, 399.
II S. Candlish, A.M., 21.

Soul, Health of the, 589.

Spencer, The Rev. Thomas, Biographical

R

Sketch of, 612.

Spirit, The Disembodied, 448.
bit, A Seasonable, 432.

The Danger of Quenching the. A
Dons, Early, 112.

Discourse, by the Rev. E. B. Wallace,
bar, Hope in the, 576.

581.
Led A Bruin, 511.

Spiritual State, The Test of our. A Dis.
kn. Ihe, 320.

course, by the Rev. J. Henderson, 136.
God acts as a, 111.

Depression, Hints on. By the Rev.
First Dispensation of the William Muir, D.D., 161, 353, 401, 481,
Lord's Supper at the time of the, 7.

529, 625.
Rei - A Natter of Supreme Importance. Stanzas, 352.
Ey de Rev. R. S. Candlish, A.M., 1.

Written among the Ruins of a Vil.
- On the Evils Arising from Igno- lage Church. By Robert Giltillan, 544.

tance of. By the Rev. David Runciman, Stars, Ode to the, 560.

A.M., 97.

Stevenson, John; An Ayrshire Christian of

No Middle Conrse in, 255.

the Seventeenth Century, 371, 397, 413.

The True Influence of, 383.

Story, An Eastern. By the Rev. James

On Pure and Undefiled. By the Proudfoot, 478.
Lev. William Nisbet, 561.

Susan, Old, 281.

Valuable Life, A, Saved, 576.
Vaudois Pastor, The; A Sketch, 220.
Veil Removed, The Double A Discourse,

by the Rev. Robert Brydone, 4-5.
Verses to the Memory of a Young Ledy,

who was continent to & Sick-bed for
many years. By Miss Ania L. Gillespie,

272.

Virtue, its Nature and Attendants, 3-9.

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Y
Young, Addresses to the. By the Rev. W.

Stevenson, 2019.
“ Ye will not Come unto Mo,"511.

AUTHORS OF ORIGINAL ARTICLES IN VOLUME I.

А
Gilfillan, Robert, 464, 544.

Moncreift, Rev. William Scott, Minister of
AINSLIE, Sir Whitelaw, M.D., 656.
Gillespie, Miss Anna L., 192, 272.

Penicuick, 144, 273 384. Anderson, Rev. James, Minister of New. Gillespie, Late Rev. William, Minister of Moody, Rev. A., A.M., 45, 92, 156, 451. burgh, 280.

Kells, 208, 328.

Muir, Rev. Willam, D.D., Minister of St. Anderson, Rev. John, Helensburgh, 304, Glassford, James, Esquire, 176, 347, 416.

Stephen's Parish, Edinburgh, 161, 353,
Gordon, Rev. David W., Minister of Earl. 401, 481, 529, 625.
B

stoun, 257.
Barr, Rev. James, D.D., Minister of Port- Gordon, Rev. Robert, D.D., One of the Mi-

N Glasgow, 24.

nisters of the High Church, Edinburgh, Nicolson, Rev. William, Minister of Ferry. Begg, Rev. James, A.M., Minister of Liber- 8, 113, 152.

Port-on-Craig, 497. ton, 248.

Grant, Rev. Duncan, A.M., Minister of Nisbet, Rev. William, Minister of New Street Bennie, Rev. Archibald, Minister of Lady Forres, 32, 224.

Parish, Edinburgh, 561. Yester's Parish, Edinburgh, 49.

Gray, Rev. Andrew, formerly Minister of Noble, Rev. James, A.M., Minister of St. Bonar, Rev. Andrew, 44.

Woodside, now of West Parish, Perth, Madoes, 600. Bonar, The Late Rev. J., Minister of Fetlar, 312. 158.

Р Boston, Junior, The Inte Rev. Thomas, 348.

H

Park, William, 640. Brown, Rev. Charles J., Minister of Ander- Henderson, Rev. James, Minister of St. Patterson, Rev. Alexander S., 208, 689. stop Parish, Glasgow, 593.

Enoch's, Glasgow, 136.

Patterson, Late Rev. John Brown, Minister Brown, Rev. David, Minister of Roslin, 417. Huie, Richard, Esq., M.D., 439, 608.

of Falkirk, 681, 691. Brown, Thomas, Esq., Author of " The Re- Hunter, Late Rev. Andrew, D.D., One of Patterson, Mrs J. B., 624,

miniscences of an Old Traveller," 258, the Ministers of the Tron Church, and Paul, Late Rev. W., One of the Ministers 365, 399, 535, 647.

Professor of Theology in the University of St. Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, 520, 536. Brewster, Rev. James, Minister of Craig, 73. of Edinburgh, 424.

Proudfoot, Rev. J., Minister of Culter, 478. Brodie, Rev. James, Minister of Monimail, Hunter, Rev. John, A.M., One of the Minis241, 267, 301, 327, 379, 525, 558, 613. ters of the Tron Church, Edinburgh, 360.

R Bruce, Rev. John, A.M., Minister of the New

Ralph, Rev. Hugh, LL.D., Minister of the North Parish, Edinburgh, 200.

J

Scotch Church, Oldham Street, LiverBrydone, Rev. Robert, Minister of Dunscore. Jamieson, Rev. Robert, Minister of Wes- pool, 577, 664. 299, 488.

truther, 12, 27, 71, 118, 155, 225, 268, 631. Ranken, Rev. James, Minister of Maxwell. Buchanan, Rev. James, Minister of North 668.

town, Dumfries, 419. Leith, 17, 120, 687.

Ross, Rev. Thomas, LL.D., Minister of Burns, Rev. George, D.D., Minister of

L

Lochbroom, 456, 673, Tweedsmuir, 261, 641, 689.

Landsborough, The Rev. David, Minister of Runciman, Rev. David, A.M., Minister of Burns, Rev. Robert, D.D., Minister of St. Stevenston, 672.

Newington Parish, Edinburgh, 97. George's Parish, Paisley, 296.

Lee, Rev. R., Minister of Campsie, 85, 472,
Lewis, Rev. James, Minister of St. John's

S
с
Parish, Leith, 143, 173.

Siercright, Rev. James, A.M., Minister of Candlish, Rev. R. S., A.M., Minister of St. Logan, Rev. D., Minister of Stenton, 504.

Markinch, 81, 126. George's Parish, Edinburgh, 1, 21, 56, Longmuir, Rev. John, A.M., 413.

Simpson), Rev. Robert, Minister of Kintore, 69, 205,

Lorimer, Rev. John G., Minister of St. 217, 615. Cowe, Rev. Robert, A.M., Minister of the David's Church, Glasgow, 555, 603, 662. Smith, Rev. J., Minister of Etterick, 551, 598. Iligh Meeting, Berwick-upon-Tweed,

Smyth, Rev. John, D.D., Minister of St. 305.

M

George's Parish, Glasgow, 617. Cunningham, Rev. William, Minister of Macfarlan, Rev. D., Minister of Renfrew, Somerville, Rev. James, Minister of Drumel. College Church, Edinburgh, 33.

14, 109, 371, 397, 413, 446, 462, 465, 605. zier, 392, 440. Curror, Rev. Peter, Minister of St. Martin's, 636.

Stark, James, Esq., Advocate, 670. 603.

Macfarlane, Rev. John, Minister of Collessie, Stevenson, Rev. William, Minister of ArD 369, 545, 657.

broath, 209. Davidson, Rev. D., Minister of Broughty M'Cheyne, Rev. Robert M., 10, 48, 60, 80, Strong, Rev. David, One of the Ministers of Ferry, 696. 94, 128, 203, 302.

Kilmarnock, 40. Dimma, Rev. Thomas, Minister of Queens- M'Conechy, Rev. Archibald, Minister of Sym, Rev. J. One of the Ministers of the ferry, 532, 691. Bunkle, 272.

Old Greyfriars' Parish, Edinburgh, 177. Dods, Rev. Marcus, Minister of the Scotch M'Crie, Late Rev. Thomas, D.D., Author Church, Belford, 90, 103. of “ The Life of John Knot,' &c., 618.

T Duncan, Rev. Henry, D.D., Minister of M'Gill, The Rev, Stevenson, D.D., Profes- Tennant, William, Esq., Professor of OriRuthwell, 150, 189, 215, 433, 573,

sor of Theology in the University of ental Languages, University of St. An. Glasgow, 336.

drews, 367, 590. E

M'Gilvray, Rev. Walter, Minister of St. Tough, Alexander, Esq., Elder of the MidEsdaile, Rev. James, Minister of the East Mark's Church, Glasgow, 409.

dle Parish, Greenock, 542.
Church, Perth, 76, 138, 234, 332, 429, M Morland, Rev. Peter, Minister of Scotch
565.
Church, Regent Square, London, 192.

W
F

Malcolm, Rev. William, Minister of Leochel. Waddell, Rev. David, 286, 615, 679. Foote, Rev. Alexander L. R., One of the Cushnie, 684.

Wallace, Rev. E. B., Minister of Barr, 584. Ministers of Brechin, 337, 633.

Martin, Late Rev. James, A.M., Minister of Wallace, Rev. John A., Minister of Hawick, Foote, The Rev. James, A.M., Minister of St. George's Parish, Edinburgh, 168.

65, 252, 344, 509, 037. the East Parish of Aberdeen, 581, 621, Martin, Rev. Samuel, Minister of Bathgate, Watson, Rev. Charles, D.D., Minister of 6:32. 667.

Burntisland, 193. Fowler, Rev. J. C., A.M., Minister of Rox. Menzies, Rev. R., Minister of Hoddam, 144, Weir, Rev. Walter, Cupar-Fife, 232. burgh Parish, Edinburgh, 385.

184.

Whyte, Rev. Alexander, A M., Minister of
Menzies, Rev. William, Minister of Keir, 376. Fettercairn, 321.
G
Mitchell, Rev. David, 651.

Whytehead, The Rev. Robert, Recently ap. Galt, John, Esquire, 4 0.

Moncreiff Wellwood, Bart., Late Rev. Sir pointed a Missionary to the Zoolus in Gibson, Rev. James, College Church, Glas- Henry, D.D., One of the Ministers of St. Eastern Africa, 696. gow, 105.

Cuthbert's, Edinburgh, 129, 563.

Wright, J. W., 400.

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RELIGION—A MATTER OF SUPREME

der its blind impulse have been wrought on earth, IMPORTANCE.

they are inclined to give it just so much counte

nance as may serve to retain within safe limits, or BY THE Rev. R. S. CANDLISH, A, M.,

guide in a safe channel, the current which they Minister of St. George's Parish, Edinburgh. cannot wholly check. Hence their policy is to The importance of Religion, as a primary and manage the religious spirit in individuals and principal element to be taken into account, in fix- communities, so as to render it harmless. They ing the conditions or reckoning the chances of would flatter it by a decent profession of civilityindividual or social well-being, is held universally, or give it vent, as by a safety valve, in gay and lat on different grounds by different men, accord- gorgeous pageants, in solemn and stately forms-ing to the variety of their own personal views on or amuse it and lay it asleep by vague, unmeaning, the edhject of Religion itself.

but fair-sounding generalities. And just as they 1. Thus, there are not a few who look upon might coax out of an infant's hands å dangerous Religion, very much as the inhabitants of a country toy, they contrive, by smooth words of respectful r."Laimed from the sea may be supposed to look acknowledgment, to avoid a direct quarrel with upon the wide waste of waters around them; or religion and to keep men in good humour on the as emigrants in a newly cleared tract of land may subject, while their aim is to remove as far as look

upon the wild tenants of the adjoining forest possible away from their ordinary habits of thongit The ocean displaced from his old domain, the and action, a class of motives which seem to thein savage heast dispossessed of his former home, is not only practically useless for the purposes of pagarded by the new intruders with suspicion and life, but even likely, unless very cautiously watchalarm, as a mischievous and dangerous neighbour, ed, to be positively dangerous and detrimental. to whose neighbourhood, however, they must We need scarcely remark that such views, howDeeds submit, as a necessary condition of the very ever they may affect to coalesce with a religion of settlement they have got, and whose power, since idle ceremony, or a religion of loose indiscriminthey cannot rid themselves of it altogether, they ating sentiment, are substantially infidel and unEcst just regulate or restrain as best they may. godly. In the same spirit, many view the religious senti- 2. Again, there is a numerous set of men, not ment, the instinctive feeling of veneration, which quite so suspicious or so much afraid of this pothey acknowledge to be an original principle in tent spirit, who take in hand not only to prevent the mind. Men, they say, are endowed with it by its mischievous explosions, but even to make it a Dature for wise ends. It is involved in that ra- safe and quiet instrument of some little service to tional and moral constitution which is the dis- the individual and to the commonwealth. These tir.ctive characteristic of the human race, as su- persons, not content with erecting a barrier against perior to the race of brutes ; and without that the threatening tide, carefully open a few narrow reptibility of reverential emotions on which sluices, and admit a measured portion of the water Religion depends, there could be no society, no into well adjusted reservoirs and canals, where it crilization. But though it be an unavoidable re- may securely be made to minister to the commerce sult of that mental organization which fits men for or convenience of the town. But still it is with society—since, to be capable of social, man must be so much anxious fear that they venture on such a made capable of something like religious, feelings- step, and with so many precautions and such constill this sentiment of religion finds no great fa- stant warnings against the risk of even an bairFour in their eyes.

However indispensable to the breadth's excess or overflow, that it is well seen they formation of society, they hold it to be not very are dealing with an unfriendly element,—tamperessential to its advancement. Indeed, considering ing with a power which they dare not freely trust. the mighty energy of religious zeal when it pos- Religion, according to them, or the sentiment of deKesses the soul, and the fearful ravages which un- vout reverence and conscientiousnes, may, if duly

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regulated and controlled, be turned to a good and I as conscience within us attests Him to be? Has useful account. The morality of the Bible is their He been forgotten and forsaken, disowned and disfavourite theme of praise. The precepts of holiness regarded by men, his reasonable creatures, as all and peace which it contains its maxims of spot- experience declares ? Is He in Christ reconciling less purity and righteousness—the spirit of benig- the world unto Himself, as the Gospel proclaims? nant gentleness and love which it breathes—and Is this Religion? and is it a reality? Then, if so, the beautiful representation which it gives of all the it is a reality to be dealt with as itself alone on its highest excellencies and the fairest graces of hu- own account vitally important, and not merely on man character, in the person of the blessed Saviour, account of certain advantages or disadvantages that all these amiable features of the Gospel are felt to we may think likely to flow from it. It is not our be conducive to the virtue and the happiness of servant, to do our bidding—our instrument, to serve mankind. And the doctrine of a wise Creator, our purposes—our property, on which we may cut a bountiful and merciful Guardian and Protector, and carve, and which we may form and fashion to our is acknowledged to be a fit auxiliary to those sanc- own liking. It is our master-it must command tions of law and conscience by which men are go- us-it must have us, and all that is ours, placed verned and society is kept together. But as the at its disposal—we, and all that is ours, belong to settlers amid the forest who might desire to make it, or rather to the God whom it reveals as reuse of its wild tenants and to turn their services conciled. And it is when in this spirit we give to to advantage, would scarcely dare to do so until God his due supremacy, and make Religion itself, they had been first of all tained and subdued ; so and for its own sake, our chief concern, to which it is a Religion well tamed and subdued, and made all other interests must be postponed—it is then very subservient and compliant to their own world only that we can know its true and actual influly principles, that these admirers of the gain ofence on these very interests of ours; for then only godliness prudently patronize. They encourage do we give it a fair trial. For, to judge fairly of just so much of the religious spirit as may be use the effects or tendency of any plan, we must supful or convenient for checking the grosser kinds of pose its essential conditions fulfilled. Now, the vice, and adding something of the credit of the very essence of the Religion of the Gospel, is the Christian name to the superficial plausibilities of willing subjection of ourselves, and all that is ours, advancing civilization. But then the Christianity to God. We may fancy à Religion which does they recommend must be trimmed into correspon- not involve such subjection, but which rather makes dence with their views of man's nature and condi- the fear of God subject to the consideration of our tion and highest good. It must be cut and fa- own present interests. This, however, is not shioned so as to fit into their merely secular plans Christianity—nor, in truth, is it Deism eitherfor his improvement-it must be kept in a second for, if there be a God, He must be in all things and subordinate place—it must observe prescribed and over all things Supreme. The very notion, limits—it must follow a prescribed track. Not therefore, which we in that case form of Religion, for the world would they, if they could help it, prevents us from rightly estimating its power trust it loose among men, free to take its own either for good or for evil—for it is a notion radiway and wield its own influence. They dread its cally wrong and self-contradictory. But now asvagaries and excesses unrestrained. They are sen- sume the reality of such a Religion as alone can sitively alive to the hazard of enthusiasm and properly be so called at all, and let its rightful prefanaticism. They have a sacred horror of peculiar eminence be assigned to it; and then estimate its and exclusive dogmas. Thus, if they do use Re- blessings and its obligations. This reference of all ligion for the purposes of life, they use it as they things to God—to God sovereign and gracions, would use a sharp-edged tool or doubly-loaded this acknowledgment of God in all thingstire-arms, with extreme caution and reserve; and of God as a personal friend in Jesus,—does it not while their whole plans and proceedings, arranged sweeten all, ennoble all, hallow all ? Does it not for the most part on earthly principles alone, prove give zest to every joy, soothe every sorrow, lighten it to be their real opinion, that the world could go every care, elevate every rational pursuit, and on well enough without Religion at all,—the hesi- make all labour honourable ? It is as if long troubtation with which they let in a very scanty and led and wearied with the attempt to manage an doubtful influence of principles higher and more entangled and involved estate, in which we found heavenly, shows how much they fear, that with perpetual vexation and annoyance, we at last gave Religion having its free course, the world would be it all over to ones kilful and faithful, who, relievturned upside down. Surely this also is but thinly-ing us of all anxiety, provides for us in all redisguised infidelity and ungodliness.

spects far better than we were ever provided for 3. Now, the fatal error of both these views lies in before. It is as if the toil of dreary solitude their regarding Religion merely in its bearings on were cheered and gladdened by the countenance the interests of men, and not as in itself of primary and sympathy of an approving and rewarding masinoment; in their preferring the question of its uti- ter. So blessed a thing is it to have peace with lity to the question of its truth. For certainly, that God who will be present in the multitude of the use that may be made of Religion is but a se- our thoughts, and will establish every work of our condary consideration. The first is its own rea- hands. In the formation of character, such Relility. Is there å God above us, such in character gion us this alone can be influential. Other sorts

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