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commanding sense of the value of our constitutional rights! may a spirit of wisdom and virtue be poured down upon us all; and may our representatives, those who are delegated to devise and appointed to execute public measures, be directed to such, as thou in thy sovereign goodness shall be pleased to render effec. tual for the salvation of a great empire, and re-uniting all its members in one sacred bond of harmony and public happiness! Grant this, oh Father, for thy Son Jesus Christ's sake; to whom, with thee and the holy Spirit, one God, be Glory, Honour and Power now and forever! Amen.

ON

TEMPORAL AND SPIRITUAL SALVATION,

PREACHED IN CHRIST-CHURCH,

PHILADELPHIA, JULY 4, 1790,

BEFORE THE PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY OF THE CINCIN

NATI, AGREEA BLY TO THEIR REQUEST AND AP-
POINTMENT.

AT A MEETING OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE PENN

SYLVANIA SOCIETY OF THE CINCINNATI, HELD AT THE HOUSE
OF GENERAL WALTER STEWART, JUNE 28th, 1790.

RESOLVED, That as the Fourth of July will be on Sunday next, a Sermon be delivered in celebration of American Independence in lieu of an Oration; and that the Reverend Dr. William Smith, Provost of the College of Philadelphia, be requested to prepare and deliver one before the Society on said day-General Stewart, and Colonel Francis Johnston are appointed to wait on Dr. Smith for this purpose.

EXTRACT FROM THE MINUTES.

RICHARD FULLERTON, Sec.

AT AN ANNUAL MEETING OF THE PENNSYLVANIA SOCIETY OF

THE CINCINNATI, HELD IN THE CITY OF PHILADELPHIA,
JULY 5th, 1790.

ON MOTION,

RESOLVED, That the thanks of the Society be given to the Reverend Dr. William Smith, for the Sermon delivered by hiin, on the Anniversary of American Independence—and that the Honourable Thomas M-Kean, General Walter Stewart, and the Reverend Dr. William Rogers, wait on Dr. Smith, and request him to furnish the Society with a copy for publication.

EXTRACT FROM THE MINUTES.

RICHARD FULLERTON, SEC.

SERMON XV.

ISAIAH, Ch. LII. v. 12. The Lord hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the na

tions; and all the ends of the earth shall see the Salvation of our God.

ALTHOUGH it be our unspeakable felicity, as a civilized and Christian people, to have in our hands the New-Testament—the GOSPEL OF JESUS Christ that fulness of divine light and knowledge and love, to which no addition is expected or promised to be made in our present mortal state; yet we are to adore that Providence which hath given us the Old Testament also, containing the law and the prophets—the dealings of the Almighty with his own people, the Jews, under a government erected by himself; and from whose history, lessons are to be derived highly instructive to mankind, in all ages

and conditions of society.

The various changes in the fortune of that people, who were alternately lifted up and cast down in the hands of Jehovah, are recorded for our learning, by the sovereign will of Him, who is not the God of the Jews only, but also of the Gentiles; and are “ profitable (as all Scriptures are) for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, and for instruction in righteousness."

In the chapter from which our rapturous text is taken, the sublime and evangelical Prophet congra

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tulates his nation, not only upon a recent deliverance from many temporal evils, a restoration from a cruel captivity, and a succeeding happy change of their condition as a people; but, borne triumphantly forward, by the Spirit which rested upon him, to future shining periods of Freedom and Happiness under the Gospel, he holds forth to them, and to the whole world with them, the glorious prospect of a double Deliverance and Salvation (which should take place, to the very

" ends of the earth,”) as well from all temporal evil and bondage, as from spiritual evil and the cruel bondage of sin!

“ Awake,* awake, put on thy strength, O Zion! put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem; for henceforth there shall no more come unto thee, the uncircumcised and the unclean. My people shall know my name; they shall know in that day, that I am he that doth speak: Behold it is I!"

“ How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings; that publisheth peace; that bringeth tidings of good, that publisheth Salvation; that saith unto Zion, thy God reigneth! Break forth into joy, sing together ye waste places of Jerusalem; for the Lord hath comforted his people, he hath redeemed Jerusalem.” Thus saith the text• The Lord hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the Earth shall see the Salvation of our God!”

How divinely luminous, how sweetly evangelical, how richly instructive, and how triumphantly accordant to the solemnities of this day, are our text and

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context! To no period under the law, to no former period under the gospel, can we look for the full explanation, or near accomplishment, of the prophecy before us! To the present æra, and to the happy cir.' cumstances under which we are now assembled, we are called to turn our meditations, and to seek for a more ample commentary upon this prophecy; where. in there is a two-fold work of the Lord to be consi. dered—for which, “He hath made bare His holy arm in the eyes of all the nations"

I. “ To deliver a people who were oppressed, to restore and comfort them, and to make their waste places sing for joy."

II. “ To accompany this deliverance with tidings of good things,” the universal overtures of Peace and Salvation; till the happy land shall become the last and most glorious stage and theatre of gospel knowledge.

Here then, in this divine work for which“the Lord hath made bare his holy arm, in the eyes of all the nations, even to the ends of the earth,”—the inhabitants of these American states appear to be brought into the midst of the great Drama. They mourned under " oppression and wrong; but now they are restored and comforted." Their land was desolated; but now “their waste places sing for joy." They have heard “the tidings of good things.” The gospel is preached unto them. They rejoice in this preaching. They exult and cry out in the words of our prophet, as quoted by St. Paul

“ How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good

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