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impossible to exalt his groveling soul to the performance of any great or heroic action.

And as for intemperance in a soldier, a vice of more ruinous consequence cannot well be imagined; or rather it is a complication of all vices. For not to say that it generally leads to those acts of violence, so fully mentioned above, it is in itself a manifest violation of every tie between the soldier and his country.

The soldier, by the terms of his enlistment, consigns his health, strength, and service to the public, in consideration of his receiving certain wages. Now for him to spend those wages in enervating or destroying that very health and strength for which they are given him, would be robbery of the public! Nay, desertion itself is not a greater crime; and nothing but the mercy of our laws, in compassion to the frailties of human nature, could have made the punishment of the one less than that of the other. For a soldier may as well be found absent from his post, or asleep on it, as be found on it in a condition which renders him unfit for the duties of it.

In short, discontent, sloth, murmuring and intemperance, have been the bane of many a powerful army, and have often drawn down the divine displeasure, by giving them up to certain ruin.

Upon the whole then, we may conclude from the text, that the particular duty of Christian Soldiers consists chiefly in-Obedience to those who are appointed to command them; a respectful inoffensive Behaviour to those who support and maintain them; strict Honour and unshaken Veracity towards one another;

Temperance, Sobriety, Cleanlines, and Contentment in their private character; and a steady, bold, and cheerful discharge of whatever service their King and Country may require of them.

I said that these things constitute the particular duty of soldiers, considered as such. But here let it be remembered, that no special injunctions of this kind to any certain order of men can possibly exempt them from the general precepts of the gospel. Though the text be addressed particularly to the soldiers, considered in that character; yet as they are also men and creatures of God, they are equally called (in the eleventh verse for instance) to the practice of universal benevolence and charity, with the whole body of the people, whereof they are a part, and to whom that verse is directed.

Thus I have finished what I proposed from the

text.

And now, gentlemen officers, you will permit me to address the remainder of this discourse more immediately to you. I know you love your King and Country. I know you regard those men under your command, and would wish to see them shining in the practice of those virtues which I have been recommending. But yet, after all, this must, in a great measure, depend upon yourselves.

If, then, you would desire to have any tie upon their consciences; if you would wish to see them act upon principle, and give you any other hold of them than that of mere command-let me, Oh let me beseech you, to cultivate and propagate among them, your whole influence and authority, a sublime

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VOL. II.

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sense of Religion, Eternity, and Redeeming-Love! Let the bright prospects of the Gospel of Jesus be placed full before their eyes; and let its holy precepts be inculcated frequently into their hearts!

But, above all things, let the adorable name of the everlasting Johovah be kept sacred among you! Glorified angels fall prostrate before it! The very devils themselves tremble at it! And shall poor worms of earth; dependent on a pulse for every breath of being; surrounded with dangers innumerable; marching forth in the very "shadow of Death;" to-day here, and to-morrow in eternity-shall they dare to blaspheme that holy name, before which all nature bends in adoration and awe? Shall they forget their absolute dependence upon it for all they have, and all they hope to have?

Alas! when the name of our great Creator is become thus familiar, and prostituted to every common subject, what name shall we invoke in the day of danger? To what refuge shall we fly amidst the various pressures of life? To whose mercy shall we lift up our eyes in the hour of death? And into whose bosom consign our souls, when we launch forth into the dark precincts of Eternity?

Once more, then, I beseech you, let the name of the Lord be holy among you; else have you no sure foundation for virtue or goodness; none for dependence upon Providence; none for the sanctity of an Oath; none for Faith, nor Truth, nor "Obedience for Conscience-sake."

Next to Religion and a sovereign regard to the honour and glory of your great Creator, it will be

of the utmost importance to cultivate, in yourselves and those under you, a noble, manly, and rational* Enthusiasm in the glorious cause wherein you are engaged; founded on a thorough conviction of its being the cause of Justice, the Protestant cause, the cause of Virtue and Freedom on earth.

Animated by this sublime principle, what wonders have not Britons performed? How have they risen, the terror of the earth; the protectors of the oppressed; the avengers of justice, and the scourge of tyrants? How have the sons of Rapine and Violence shrunk before them, confounded and overthrown? Witness, ye Danube and Sambre, and thou Boyn, crimsoned in blood! bear witness and say— what was it that fired our Williams and our Marlboroughs to deeds of immortal renown? What was it that steeled their hearts with courage, and edged their swords with victory? Was it not, under God, an animating conviction of the justice of their cause, and an unconquerable passion for Liberty, and the purity of the Protestant faith?†

And do you think now, gentlemen, that the cause wherein you are engaged is less honourable, less important; or that less depends on the sword you draw?

The author hopes to he excused in the use of this word, as here re. stricted and explained. He does not know another, that would convey his idea, to substitute in its place.

Never were the noble effects of this sublime principle so conspicuous as at the glorious battle of the Boyn. Here our great deliverer, king Wil liam, with a small army, routed a much superior, and perhaps otherwise a better one. There was only this difference. The one fought for liberty, for religion, and their country; and were ardent in their cause, from a conviction of its justice. The other fought in defence of tyranny, having little of their own to lose, and no steady principle to act upon.

No, gentlemen! I will pronounce it before Heaven and Earth, that from the days of our Alfreds, our Edwards, and our Henries, downwards, the British sword was never unsheathed in a more glorious or more divine cause than at present!

Look round you! Behold a country, vast in extent, merciful in its climate, exuberant in its soil, the seat of plenty, the garden of the Lord! behold it given to us and to our posterity, to propagate virtue, to cultivate useful arts, and to spread abroad the pure Evangelical Religion of Jesus! behold colonies founded in it! Protestant Colonies! Free Colonies! British Colonies! Behold them exulting in their Liberty; flourishing in Commerce; the Arts and Sciences planted in them; the Gospel preached; and in short the seeds of happiness and glory firmly rooted, and growing up among them!

But, turning from this prospect for a moment, look to the other hand! Direct your eyes to the westward; there behold Popish Perfidy, French Tyranny, and Savage Barbarity, leagued in triple combination, advancing to deprive us of those exalted Blessings, or to circumscribe us in the possession of them, and make the land too small for us and the increasing multitude of our posterity!

Oh Britons! Oh Christians! what a prospect is this! It is odious to the view, and horrible to relate. See, in the van, a set of fierce Savages hounded forth against us, from their dark lurking places; brandishing their murderous knives; sparing neither age nor sex; neither the hoary sire, nor the hopeful son; neither the tender virgin, nor the helpless babe. Ten

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