of promotion to the rank of noncommis- Russian officers joined us. Miamura sioned officers, and many young Japa- was evidently pleased at their ar

nese had migrated to Russia expressly rival. After a few drinks had loosened 1 to acquire this accomplishment before their tongues, Miamura began to injoining the ranks.

quire with great tact and caution

about the units that were being sent On the thirtieth of July, 1914, we to the front. He asked how many received our mobilization orders, and troops were still left at such and such | three days later were informed of the points, what classes had been called

declaration of war against Germany. out, and other questions of that sort. Almost immediately Japan became our Some of the officers answered reluc

official ally, and naturally all our old tantly or evaded answering at all, 1 discords and suspicions had to be evidently distrusting any Japanese, i dropped at once. This put an end to no matter how profuse he was in his our official counterespionage work. professions of friendship for Russia.

The following winter official business But others were not so prudent. took me to Harbin. Chao, who accom- Miamura soon fastened himself to a panied me, told me that on the first day talkative young battalion aide-deafter our arrival he had seen Miamura camp, who had just finished his studies in company with several Russian offi- in a military academy. He drew this cers, and had learned that Miamura indiscreet youngster a little apart from spent most of his time with our officers, the rest of the company and started who were being sent forward in parties an animated conversation with him. to the German front, but were fre- The young fellow was flattered by quently detained at Harbin while wait- Miamura's show of respect and did his ing for transportation. Chao felt sure best to be agreeable and to answer that Miamura was spying, but of Miamura's questions. course I could hardly believe it, in view I was now convinced that Miamura of the fact that Russia and Japan were was working for somebody, but the allies.

question was, for whom? Knowing his As Miamura did not know me, how- weak point, I decided to get him drunk, ever, I decided to look into the matter; hoping that he might then betray so I asked Chao to make his acquaint- himself. I therefore manoeuvred matance and introduce me to him as a ters so that the young officers left our Staff officer from Irkutsk who expected box and only Chao, Miamura, and to leave shortly for the front. Chao myself remained. In less than half an managed the affair so expeditiously hour Chao managed, by means of some that the next evening found him, Mia- terrible concoctions, to get Miamura mura, and myself sitting together in a desperately intoxicated, but to my box of a café chantant. Miamura was great disappointment he completely profuse in his compliments upon the lost his powers of speech, and became excellent form of the Russian troops so nauseated that he had to be taken going forward to the war, and said out by a waiter. During his absence everybody in Japan felt sure that Rus- I requested Chao to be a little less sia would win. He represented himself zealous in carrying out my instructions to be a merchant on a business trip, but and to try to sober Miamura up with said that he hoped to be in uniform soda water. before long as a Reserve officer.

Fifteen minutes later the Japanese A few minutes later several young reappeared. He was still intoxicated,

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but had recovered his powers of speech. tary authorities in Harbin, and shall Stammering and mixing his words, he bring the matter to the attention of said that he had lost his pocketbook the Japanese Consul at Harbin.' and all his money. I called the waiter Directing Chao to sober up Miamura and told him that the pocketbook must as much as possible and to take him be recovered at any cost; but though home, in order to discover where he the frightened fellow searched every- lodged, I immediately left the café. where, he could not find it.

The following morning Chao told Chao then told Miamura to look me what happened after my departure. through his pockets again, but the With the assistance of the waiter he latter only moaned and made a hope- had given the intoxicated Japanese a less gesture with his hands. Chao few drops of ammonia, which sobered therepon tried to help him, and soon the man considerably. Half an hour pulled out of his hip pocket the pocket- later he was quite himself again, and book, the very existence of which he to leave. In pulling out his had forgotten in his muddled condi- pocketbook to settle a check he came tion. At the same time a small en- across my note. When he read it his velope fell to the floor.

expression changed instantly. Chao By this time Miamura was sound pretended not to notice this, however, asleep. Chao picked up the envelope, and offered to accompany Miamura to opened it, and drew out a sheet of his lodgings. To this the Japanese paper. Glancing at it, Chao saw that willingly assented.

a communication from the On their way there Miamura became Japanese Staff Headquarters of the tremendously excited and began to Kwangtung district, thanking Licu- curse the Russians. Chao defended tenant Miamura for his excellent work them half-heartedly in order to lead in investigating the first Russian mobi- on his companion. Thereupon Mialization in East Siberia and the Chinese mura completely lost his temper. He Eastern Railway zone.

called Chao a scoundrel, accused him Considering that a personal explana- of being in the service of the Russians, tion would be useless, I decided to let and charged him with selling the Miamura know that his secret work interests of the yellow race to the had been discovered, and to advise him whites. Chao, who was a quickto leave Russian territory as soon as tempered fellow, promptly punched possible. So I wrote the following note Miamura in the head, so that he fell on a sheet of paper, which I thrust out of the sleigh into the snow. In his into the envelope and put it into excitement and anger Chao let the his pocket together with the pocket- driver go on for a while; then, recalling book:

my instructions, dismissed him and 'Shame on you, sir, and on your returned on foot to the place of the Staff. You are abusing the confidence quarrel. There he saw Miamura walkof your allies and spying among Rus- ing down the street, and shadowed him sian officers on their way to the front until he entered a house. Early the to fight our common enemy. I there- following morning he telephoned the fore advise you to leave our territories address to my office. Agents sent to before to-morrow noon. If you are investigate reported to me two hours here at that hour I shall show the later that Miamura had given up his letter you have received from the lodgings at eight o'clock and had left Kwangtung Staff to the Russian mili- for the railway station, carrying a



small bag. He bought a ticket for at Irkutsk, Omsk, and Chita noticed Chang-Chun and departed by the 9.15 that twice a month, always on the same train.

date, an official of the Japanese Foreign In the spring of 1915 fate brought me Office traveled from Petrograd to once more face to face with Miamura. Chang-Chun on the mail train. He inHe was certainly a daring and an variably met Siraisi at Irkutsk and the enterprising spy. I received a wire other chiefs of the Japanese espionage from my Manchuria office informing service at Omsk and Chita, where they me that three Japanese, including would hand him certain packages. Miamura under a false name, had left The official was able to travel undisIrkutsk for Moscow with passports turbed, thanks to his diplomatic imstating that they were clerks in the munity, and his luggage was not exemploy of a Japanese firm in the latter amined; but we knew his business

a city. I ordered Miamura taken off the perfectly well. train, and secured instructions from the I finally decided to show the JapaGeneral Staff to imprison him for three nese that it was only because they were months, as it was war time and this our allies that I did not put a stop to could be done by the military authori- this work. So the next time the Japaties without a trial. When he was nese official reached Omsk and the brought to the railway station to be representative of the Japanese secret deported after his term had expired, service in that city met him with a I told him that if he came to Russia package in his hand, several children again he would be tried before a mili- twelve to fourteen years old, who were tary court and heavily sentenced. playing around the station, chased

Although my regular counterespio- down the railway platform in an excited nage duties ceased when the war broke game and one of the boys managed to out, we still kept an occasional eye on fall directly in front of the local Japaour Japanese friends. Siraisi had reason nese and trip him up. The Japanese to thank the outbreak of hostilities for stumbled and fell and the package the retention of his post. For a time he slipped from his hands. A boy snatched kept perfectly quiet; then he began to it, and the whole crowd ran away collect all kinds of data concerning our shrieking with laughter. mobilization work. His carriers, the The Japanese who had fallen was brothel women, continued to travel very angry and complained to the nearback and forth. Finally I got tired of est policeman, who ordered the children the thing and ordered that these women to return the package at once. They should be searched at the frontier and did so quite obediently; the Japanese all their papers taken from them. Si- handed the package to the official, and raisi's communications were always both entered the train. A few minutes written with chemical ink. My agents later the two men rushed out of the developed them with water and candles train in great agitation, and hurrying and then destroyed them; for we had up to the policeman complained that neither the time nor the attention to the children had abstracted the condevote to such matters then. Siraisi tents of the package and had substiwas greatly disturbed upon learning tuted old newspapers for them. They that his chemical mysteries had been asked him to find the children at once discovered and his carriers identified; and to put an end to stupid pranks, as but as nobody was arrested, he eventu- these might have serious consequences. ally resumed his activities. My agents The policeman inquired what was in

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the package, whereupon they told him gether in silence. The Foreign Office it was a manuscript by a well-known official continued his journey, looking Japanese scientist. While this parley very glum, and undoubtedly guessing was going on the train started, and the that there was some connection beJapanese official ran hastily to his car tween the accident at Omsk and the and jumped aboard, while the other accident at Irkutsk. man slunk away from the station as His third and last disappointment unostentatiously as possible and made awaited him at Chita, where he was to for town.

meet another secret agent. At one of Several hours before the same train the last stations before reaching that reached Irkutsk Siraisi left his laundry town a man came aboard the train and with a small leather hand-bag and entered his first-class compartment, strolled leisurely toward the station. which accommodated two persons. As he crossed the bridge he saw a sleigh The newcomer greeted the Japanese approaching at a high rate of speed. He civilly and introduced himself as the jumped to one side, but it was too late owner of certain gold mines in Eastern and the sleigh knocked him over in the Siberia. A huge collie accompanied

The peasants who drove it him. The Japanese glanced at the whipped up their horses, and disap- animal with some distrust, but the peared in a trice. Several spectators gold miner assured him that it was a who happened to be standing by very gentle and intelligent beast. To rushed up to Siraisi and helped him to prove this he took off his fur coat and, his feet.

seating himself, made the dog go He was pale and frightened, but through a number of different tricks. only slightly hurt. He thanked the The Japanese was greatly entertained. gentlemen who helped him, and started He fed the dog sugar, and the animal to continue on his way to the station, licked his hand in gratitude. but could not find his hand-bag. A Time passed so quickly while this policeman turned up, and the men performance was going on that the around Siraisi explained to him volubly train was already approaching Chita what had happened. But the Japanese before they noticed it. The Russian showed no great eagerness to lay his rose, leaving his fur coat behind him, troubles before the authorities. When and, saying that he had some business asked as to the contents of the bag, at the station, went out, ordering the so that it could be identified if re- dog to stay in the compartment. But a covered, he merely said that it con- moment later, when the Japanese tried tained his own traveling kit, and gave to leave, he was stopped by an ugly his address.

growl from the collie. All his attempts When the train reached the station, to placate the animal and to pet her Siraisi met the Japanese official on the were in vain; she absolutely refused to platform. After a cordial greeting he be propitiated, but growled sa vagely related his experience. The official lis- and threatened to spring at the Japatened without uttering a word. Then, nese whenever he made a move to leave. taking Siraisi by the arm, he strolled Of course the details of this little tête-àalong the platform with him, telling tête were never known, but, judging him something in a low tone of voice. from the noise inside the compartment, Evidently they were both seriously listeners outside surmised that it was a troubled. Afterward they went into the lively one. refreshment room and drank tea to- Meanwhile the spy who came to meet


the Japanese official searched in vain Russian scolded his dog and offered the for him. The frosted windows of the Japanese some refreshments from a train did not allow him to look inside. small lunch bag he carried with him. At length he rushed into the first-class But the latter refused his hospitality. car and began to search through the No doubt the Japanese had already compartments. When he came to the made a shrewd guess that the gold one that the official occupied he dis- miner was only a new link in the chain covered a sheet of paper fixed to the over which his other agents in Siberia door, bearing the words, ‘Entrance for- had tripped. When half an hour later bidden.' In spite of that he started to the train stopped at a little way station, enter; but the gold miner barred the and the Russian rose and bade him way with his huge body and silently adieu with more profuse apologies, pointed to the paper.

the Japanese stared at him so furiously Twenty minutes later the train again that he could not help smiling as he started. The Russian took the paper hurried to the door. from the door, thrust it in his pocket, So far as I know this was the last atand entered the compartment as if tempt of our allies to spy upon our nothing had happened. The Japanese military operations in Siberia. The was furious and berated the Siberian gen- Foreign Office official's abortive trip, tleman, calling him names in both Japa- which I have just described, occurred in nese and Russian. The latter feigned January 1917. Less than two months unbounded astonishment and absolute later the Revolution broke out, and, beignorance of what had happened. ing a marked man on account of my When the poor official explained how work in the Tsar's secret service, I was ‘the beastly cur' had treated him, promptly placed under arrest by the the owner apologized profusely. The new Government.

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BREST-LITOVSK has been a heavy archives made public since the Revoburden for the Bolsheviki to carry. lution, the readier we are to extenuate Certainly, when they signed a separate in some degree the action of the Bolpeace with Imperial Germany, they sheviki and to hold the Imperial did great injury to the Allies and Government itself in part responsible compromised hope of an ultimate

of an ultimate for the action of Lenin and his friends. victory, which was by no means assured It is no longer possible to-day to in March 1918. Nevertheless, the more doubt that the Russian aristocracy we study the memoirs written by contemplated the possibility of a different generals, and the diplomatic separate peace with Germany long 1 From the Gazette de Prague (Prague French

before the 1917 revolution. Thinly language information weekly), May 5

veiled allusions to such a plan appear in


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