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Whose reformation 's of a piece
d d !
* The violent seizure and exile of Barthelemi, Pichegru, and sixty-five representatives of the people, on the 18th Fructidor (September, 1797), to whose innocence, in the eyes of their own countrymen, we have the testimony (in this case unexceptionable) of J. H. STONE; the traitorous correspondent of the Rev. JOSEPH PRIESTLEY, L. L. D. J. H. Tooke, &c.
“ You will have trembled for our Constitution, and probably
If such be REFORMATION's fruit Where first that goodly plant took root,
felt some alarm for Liberty, on the events of the 18th Fructidor : You will have felt similar disagreeable sensations in hearing of the late arrests of the Deputies in Holland.-No one pretends that either those men, at least the immense majority of them who have been sent from time to time to Cayenne, or the Dutch Deputies now under arrest, are enemies either to Liberty or to their respective Republics; no one of common sense entertains this opinion: knowing many of the conquered party intimately, I can aver, that they have left none behind more pure in manners or more decided in favour of Republican liberty."
Original Letter from J. H. Stone to Dr. Priestley.
Taken on board a Neutral vessel, 1798. What guerdon and destination awaits men distinguished for purity of manners, and decided friends to Republican Liberty, at the hands of their grateful and generous Parisian countrymen, the following authentic extract will inform us.
Cette MESURE est commandée par la politique, elle est autorisée par la justice, avouée par l'humanité,” &c.—Boullay.
D'après la manière humaine dont Boullay s' était expliqué, en assurant que la nation Française, toujours grande et généreuse, ferait volontiers un sacrifice pour mettre les DEPORTES en situation de s'etablir en ce lieu, on est peut-être disposé à croire que le choix de ce lieu aura été aussi salubre que celui de Botany-Bay, et que c'est du moins sous ce rapport qu'on s'appliquerait à en faire, autant que possible, une mésure avouée par l'humanité. Rien de pareil ; les deportateurs trouvèrent qu'il était au-dessous de leurs fonctions de s'occuper du choix de ce lieu, et ils laissèrent à l'administration le soin de
If her rich bed of Gallic mould,
l'indiquer. A peine en fut-elle investie par décret, que La Combe Saint Michel donna à connaitre le degré d'humanité qu'elle allait mettre dans l'exécution de la sentence des DEPORTES. “ Qu'ils soyent bannis du sol de la Liberté, qu'ils aillent respirer sous le climat brûlant de l'Afrique ; ils etaient nés pour être esclaves.” Ce trait, qui lui échappa dans le transport de sa joie, est tout ce qu'on connait encore (Février, 1798) de la destination de ses malheureux collègues.
Note. Beaucoup de gens croyent que leur destination est pour la Guyane. S'il en était ainsi, c'est que pour se défaire plus sûrement de ses victimes, le Directoire aura choisi tout exprès le lieu même, ou l'on a vû périr, par des maladies pestilentielles, et par des inondations, toute la peuplade que l'ancien gouvernement Français y envoya après la paix de 1763.
Tableau Historique-D'Ivernois. Pages 266, 269, 270. * In the winter of 1794, the French armies marched into Holland. On the 20th of January, a few days after their arrival, the French commissioners, with the army published a proclamation, in which they told the Dutch, “ In the midst of “ war, we consider you as our friends and allies; it is under “ this name that we enter your country; we seek not to terrify
“ What, gorge alone !—while not a mess is “ Dish'd up for their High Mightinesses !
“ but to inspire you with confidence. It is but a few years « since a tyrannic conqueror prescribed you laws; we abolish “ them, and restore your Freedom."
“We come not to make you slaves, the French nation shall “ preserve to you your Independence.”
“ Personal Safety shall be secured, and PROPERTY PRO“ tected."
Seven days after this first proclamation, the same Commissioners, having been admitted, with their troops, into all the towns, &c. published a second, in which they formally invited the Dutch government to furnish the army, within one month, with the following supplies, viz. 200,000 quintals of wheat; 500,000 rations of hay; 200,000 rations of straw; 500,000 bushels of corn; 150,000 pairs of shoes; 20,000 pairs of boots; 20,000 coats and waistcoats ; 40,000 pairs of breeches; 150,000 pairs of pantaloons; 200,000 shirts; and 50,000 hats; and besides all this, 12,000 oxen, to be delivered in two months. This requisition they call their AMICABLE INTENTIONS, &c. and give the Dutch to understand, that in case the articles were not furnished they should be exacted by force.--This, however, was only the commencement; they subsisted their armies in Holland during the winter, took every thing they wanted, and paid in depreciated assignats at PAR; and finally they forced the Dutch to form an offensive and defensive alliance with them against England for ever. This treaty was signed May 15, 1795. It obliges the Dutch to cede to France, “ As indemnities,” two of their most important frontier towns, with the adjoining territories and one of their provinces ; to admit French garrisons, in case of war in that quarter, into
“ Come, ope your mouths, Mynheers, we'll feed 'em “ With forc'd meat of Reform and FREEDOM: “ Start not 'though Frenchmen, sword in hand, do “ Present You with this fine Fricando, “ Here freely feed.—You run no risk in “ Respect of weasand-pipe or griskin, “ From your good friends who scorn to sabre “ Or stab an inoffensive neighbour: “ To answer might your wisdoms puzzle “ Reports from Gallic cannon's muzzle ;
three others of their strongest frontier towns; one of their principal sea-ports, &c.; to employ half their forces in carrying on the present campaign under French generals, and finally to pay France, as a FARTHER INDEMNIFICATION for the expences of the war, one hundred millions of livres; equal to twenty-five millions of dollars, in cash or bills of exchange on foreign countries, &c. &c. &c.
In return; the French have driven away the Stadtholder and changed the government, but have not suffered the Dutch to adopt one to their own mind.-The Dutch have also obtained, in addition to all these proofs of amity, an offensive and defensive war against England, in which they have already lost all their rich possessions in the East Indies, the Cape of Good Hope, a great part of their fleet, and the remains of their trade.
Harpur's Observations, p. 47, 48, &c. In an enumeration of French Requisitions since published, the losses of the Dutch are estimated at the enormous sum of thirty-four millions sterling.