tunity of being an eye-witness of his Lord-
ship's actions; and consequently made him
capable of setting them forth in these his

It may not be, perhaps, improper to
mention, that the Author of these Memoirs
was born at Ewelme in Oxfordshire, de-
scended from an ancient and an honourable
family. The Lord Dudley Carleton, who
died secretary of state to King Charles I.,
was his great uncle; and in the same reign
his father was envoy at the court of Ma-
drid, whilst his uncle, Sir Dudley Carleton,
was ambassador to the States of Holland;
men in those days respected both for their
abilities and loyalty.

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In the year one thousand six hundred and seventy-two, war being proclaimed with Holland, it was looked upon, among nobili , ty and gentry, as a blemish, not to attend the Duke of York* aboard the fleet, who was then declared admiral. With many others, I, at that time about twenty years of age, entered myself a volunteer on board the London, commanded by Sir Edward Sprage, Vice-Admiral of the Red.

* Afterwards James II. By the treaty betwixt England and France, 6000 of the British troops were to assist the French army against the Dutch. . The two fleets of France and England joined the 2d May. The English consisting of 100, and the French of 40 sail. The States had 72 large ships and 40 frigates.


Derry. * He was an officer, ånd, what was rare at that time, had some knowledge in engineering. Johnson said he had never heard of the book. Lord Elliot had a copy at Port Elliot ; but after a good deal of enquiry, procured a copy in London, and sent it to Johnson; who told Sir Joshua Reynolds, that he was going to bed when it came, but was so much pleased with it, that he sat up till he read it through, and found in it such an air of truth, that he could not doubt its authenticity; adding, with a smile, in allusion to Lord Elliot's having recently been raised to the peerage, I did not think a young Lord could have mentioned to me a book in the English history that was not known to me." -Boswell's Life of Johnson.

A short sketch of the life of this celebrated General may be no unpleasing introduction to a

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* Mackenzie in his “ Narrative of the Siege of Londonderry,” mentions no officer called Carleton. There is indeed a Colonel Crofton frequently spoken of. Bat as, Carleton himself served in the great Dutch war of 1665, we can hardly suppose him descended of a person distinguished by feats of arms in 1688.

volume, which derives its chief value from narrating his glorious successes.

Charles Mordaunt, afterwards Earl of Peterborough, was born in 1658; and in June 1675, succeeded to the title of Lord Mordaunt and estate of his family. He was educated in the navy, and in his youth served with the Admirals Torrington and Narborough in the Mediterranean. In 1680 he accompanied the Earl of Plymouth in the expedition to Tangier, where he distinguished himself against the Moors.

In the succeeding reign, Lord Mordaunt opposed the repeal of the Test Act in the House of Lords; and having thus become obnoxious to the court, obtained liberty to go into the Dutch service. When he arrived in Holland, he was, as we learn from Burnet, amongst the most forward of those who advised the Prince of Orange to his grand enterprise. But the cold and considerate William saw obstacles which escaped the fiery and enthusiastic Mordaunt; nor although that prince used his services in the Revolution, does

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