Pagina-afbeeldingen
PDF
ePub

Literary Record.

THE Wesleyan Academy at Wilbraham, one of the oldest literary institutions of the Methodist Episcopal Church, continues to flourish finely under the care of Rev. Miner Raymond. It reports nearly five hundred students.

At a late public meeting, held at Birmingham, England, it was decided to establish a Literary and Scientific Society on an extensive scale. A letter from Mr. Charles Dickens was read, in which that gentleman proposed to read his Christmas Carols, the proceeds to be appropriated in aid of the proposed institution. It is designed to erect a spacious building at a cost of $100,000.

Professor Petermann, of the Berlin University, is at present engaged at Damascus in copying, with the aid of other learned men, a Syriac New Testament of the sixth century, which, it is said, there is reason to believe was itself translated verbally from one of the earliest and most authentic Greek manuscripts.

Rev. F. Hodgson, so well known in his earlier time to the readers of the Byron Memoirs, and of late years Provost of Eton College, died recently in his seventy-second year. Mr. Hodgson was not only a friend of the author of "Childe Harold," but a brother poet. His poem on Lady Jane Grey is, perhaps, the most notable of his original efforts; but his most accepted work is the translation of Juvenal.

A new edition of the Fathers of the Church is in course of publication in Paris, under the revision, and with the notes, of the erudite Abbé Caillau.

From the report of the Leeds Mechanics' Institution, it appears that this is the largest and most flourishing establishment of the kind in England. The number of members and subscribers is now upward of two thousand one hundred. Besides numerous journals and periodicals, the library contains nearly nine thousand volumes.

Dr. Max Müller has been appointed to a lectureship of modern literature at the University of Oxford.

The fifth and concluding volume of The Letters of the Earl of Chesterfield, including some new letters now first published from the original manuscripts, under the editorship, as before, of Lord Mahon, are about to appear in London. Two volumes of Letters of the Poet Gray, announced by Mr. Bentley, are also to be issued during the present season. They will be edited by the Rev. J. Mitford, author of The Life of Gray."

66

1

Mr. Walter Scott Lockhart Scott, only son of Mr. Lockhart, and only surviving male descendant of the author of "Waverley," died recently, aged twenty-seven years.

The ecclesiastical publications, to appear under the title of The Church Historians of England from Bede to Fox, are about to be issued from the London press. Between these two celebrated authors, in an interval of eight hundred years, there were many ecclesiastical

annalists and historians in England; but their works are almost unknown, except to a few antiquaries and authors. Those parts, of the histories relating only to secular affairs will be omitted, and notes, explanatory or illustra A new edition tive, be appended by the editor. of Foxe's Acts and Monuments is to be given. The books are to appear in volumes, published occa sionally, at intervals extending over five or six years, by annual subscription, as with the publications of the Parker Society, the Library of Anglo-Catholic Divinity, and similar works. It is

estimated that the historians of the Pre-Refor mation period will occupy eight octavo volumes, of about eight hundred pages each, and the new edition of Fore's Acts and Monuments will consist of the same number of volumes.

A late number of the Hebrew Christian Maga zine, published in England, mentions the discovery of some interesting MSS. in that language, which, it is said, are not unlikely to come into the market. The titles and contents of five works are enumerated:-1. "The Mantle of Elijah-a commentary on the Pentateuch, by Rabbi Jacob Elijah, circa Charles II 2. "The Gleanings of Paradise"-a collection of Cabalistic pieces, explanations of difficult passages in the Hebrew Scriptures, moral aphorisms illustrated by allegories, and a treatise on Hebrew Grammar. A MS. of this work-but thought to be a copy-is now in the Bodleian Library. 3. Eight MS. works, by the late Rabbi Natta Ellingen, of Hamburg. 4. Three volumes of the work called "Great Understanding"being a commentary on the obscure passages of the Medrash Rabba, with an explanation of all foreign words not in the Rabbinical Lexicon "Aaruch." 5. A book of names-written by R. Solomon Ben Aaron in 1676, being an analysis of the Cabala, with an illustration of the Cabalistic alphabet.

At Calcutta there are not less than forty native presses, established for the purpose of publishing Bengali books, which send out thirty thousand volumes annually. It is fifty-one years since the Serampore missionaries published the first book in the Bengali language. Within this period, every ancient Bengali book but one, all of which were full of idolatry, has ceased to be published, while nearly four hundred works have taken their place.

The society formed about ten years ago, to circulate the writings of M. Victor Hugo, has just parted with the copyrights of MM. Lebigre and Delayhays. The purchase money is said to be 82,000 francs.

The Benedictines of France, though much less numerous and much less wealthy than they used to be, are very creditably maintaining the long-established renown of their order for learning and literary industry. In addition to the recent publication of several works, highly appreciated by all who occupy themselves with ecclesiastical matters, they are busily engaged in completing their famous Spicilegium Solesmense-a vast repository of un

[blocks in formation]

The last catalogue of Dickinson College shows that venerable institution to be flourishing under its new and able president, Dr. Collins. It reports one hundred and fifty-five students, including forty in the preparatory department.

The thirty-second annual report of the NewYork Mercantile Library Association shows a large increase both in members and volumes in the library. It is now the fifth in the United States, and is surpassed in this city only by the Astor Library. The amount expended for books during the past year is nearly $5,000. The number of volumes added to the Library is 4,346. The whole number of volumes is 37,486. Of the number added during the past year, 1,063 are in History and Geography, 138 in Theology, 814 in Mental and Moral Science, and 1,656 in fiction. The profits derived from the lectures during the past year, amounting to $1,500, have been permanently invested for the benefit of the Institution.

The Howard High School, Fayette, Mo., under the care of Rev. W. T. Luckey, reports three hundred and thirty-eight students, of whom one hundred and sixty-six are females. The course of study is thorough, and the faculty efficient.

An article from the pen of Dr. Hickok, in the last number of the Bibliotheca Sacra, states that Union College has about $150,000 of productive capital, besides its buildings, books, apparatus, and three hundred acres of land contiguous to the College, under cultivation as an ornamental garden, an experimental farm, &c. There has been conveyed to the College, by a deed of trust, property from which there can hardly fail to be realized $500,000—and, probably, much more for educational purposes. At the recent sale of Major Douglas's library, in this city, many of the most important works in Civil Engineering were purchased for the library, which makes their collection of such works (in connection with the private library of Professor Gillespie) one of the best in the country.

At a recent meeting of the New-York Historical Society, Professor Koeppen read an interesting paper on the late archeological discoveries in the Piræus, illustrating the naval supremacy and the commercial and colonial development of the Athenian republic.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

Religious Summary.

The membership of the South Carolina Methodist Conference numbers 32,828 whites, and 40,358 colored; increase in the former year 435, in the latter 2,877. The amount con

Rev. J. Mullen, of the London Missionary Society, now laboring in Ceylon, gives the following interesting statistics:-At the commencement of 1852 there were in India and Ceylon, under the direction of 22 missionary societies, 443 missionaries (of whom 48 were ordained natives) and 668 catechists, who were employed on 313 missionary stations. There were 331 native churches, containing 18,410 communicants, in a community of 112,191 native Christians. The missionaries maintain 1,347 day-schools in the native language, in which were 47,504 boys; and 93 boarding-tributed for missions is $22,320, exclusive of schools, containing 2,414 Christian boys. They $1,000 and upward, given for the erection of also sustain 126 superior day-schools in the churches on the missions for the service of the English language, in which are instructed blacks. Twenty-four ministers of the confer14,562 boys and young men. They have 347 ence are stationed on missions to the blacks, day-schools for girls, containing 11,519 scholars; besides a supply of five local preachers under and 202 female boarding-schools, containing the supervision of the superintendents of the 2,779 Christian girls. The entire Bible has missions. No annual conference in the United been translated into ten languages, the New States gives so much to the missionary cause Testament into five others, and separate Gosas this conference. pels into four others. Besides numerous works for Christians, thirty, forty, and even seventy tracts have been prepared in some of these different languages, suitable for Hindoos and Mussulmans. Missionaries maintain in India twenty-five printing establishments. The greater part of this vast missionary agency has been brought into operation within the last twenty years. It is supported at an annual cost of $900,000, of which about one-sixth is contributed by European Christians resident in the country.

[blocks in formation]

within the year, 1,852. Net gain, 568. Total of membership, 30,053.

There has been a net increase of fifteen hun

dred persons in the German Methodist Episcopal Church in the United States the past year. The whole German Methodist membership is now about ten thousand.

In 1752 there were 53 ministers and about 96 Protestant Episcopal churches in America. Now the Episcopal Church in this country is divided into 20 dioceses. Two years ago, the date of its last report, it numbered 1,558 ministers, 1,500 parishes, 92,238 communicants, and 120 candidates for orders. Its present membership is estimated at 100,000.

George Hadfield, of Manchester, England, member of Parliament, has offered $25,000, to be appropriated in sums of $500 for churchextension among Congregationalists; thus giving "material" toward the erection of fifty churches.

There are 40,000 Baptists in Mississippi. The sum of $30,000 was subscribed by the recent Baptist Convention toward the endowment fund of $100,000, proposed to be raised for the Literary and Theological Institute, located at Clinton, besides several thousands for other interests, home and foreign, under the direction of that body.

The Protestant Episcopal Church have in China one bishop, three clergymen, four female missionaries, one native deacon, one American and two native teachers. In Africa they have also a bishop, six clergymen, ten American and nine native teachers.

There are fourteen Protestant schools in Con

stantinople, and twenty-six Protestant sermons are preached in or near that city every Sunday.

We learn from the annual register, recently published by the Unitarian denomination at Boston, that there are in the United States two hundred and twenty-two ministers belonging to that denomination, and about the same number of societies, located in twenty-one

states.

The Louisiana Methodist Conference has 4,872 white and 4,890 colored members.

There are 19 traveling preachers in the French Methodist Conference, 34 local preachers, 4 catechists or evangelists, 873 Church mem

[blocks in formation]

has been enabled to appropriate to benevolent purposes above thirty thousand dollars! and this, too, from operating with a capital of but five thousand dollars. Another man in the Methodist denomination in Boston has been

enabled, during his business life of fifteen years, to appropriate thirty-nine thousand dollars!

The English residents of Alexandria, in Egypt, have been making strenuous efforts of late to complete their church, the foundation of which was laid in 1839. The ground upon which it stands was the gift of Mehemet Ali to the English community.

It is stated that the King of Prussia is causing a residence to be erected for the Anglican Bishop at Jerusalem.

We learn from the New-York Independent, that there are in Lyons, France, six evangelical congregations, embracing about 2,000 souls, with 460 communicants, and 100 candidates for admission to Church fellowship. These Churches make evidence of regeneration a conmembers are converts from Romanism. dition of membership. Nine out of ten of the For five years a new place of worship has been opened every year.

Thirty Jesuit priests are sustained in Oregon for the conversion of the Indians and whites, by the weekly penny contributions of the Papists of France chiefly.

The following summary exhibits the number of Baptists of all kinds in the world:-Church

es

in North America, 16,709; ministers, 13,144; members, 1,237,621; Europe, 2,052 churches, 1,700 ministers, 196,824 members; Asia, 170 ministers, 380 churches, 12,297 members; Africa, 26 ministers, 22 churches, ministers, 15,176 churches, 1,447,984 mem1,242 members. Total in the world, 18,958

bers.

The whole number of Theological Seminaries in the United States is 44. Number of professors, 125. Whole number of students, 1,341. Number of volumes in the different libraries, about 200,000.

The committee of the Baptist Missionary Society in England have determined on an aug mentation of twenty men to their mission in British India. Half of these are to be sent ministers. from England, the other ten will be native

A society in England, consisting of a large has been formed for the purpose of effecting s number of influential clergymen and laymen, "thoroughly conservative reformation" in the government of the Church of England.

eine that the Prince of Madagascar, who proWe learn from the London Missionary Maga fessed Christianity in 1845, and has since exerted himself to the utmost for the relief and

protection of his suffering brethren, is admitted to a joint share in the government with the queen, his mother. Through his influence, two important measures have been carried: 1. That the ports of Madagascar shall be opened to all nations. 2. That all the subjects of Madagas car, who have been obliged to seek refuge in other lands, shall have liberty to return to their country.

Art Intelligence.

MR. CRAWFORD is at work, in Rome, on the United States national monument to Washington. It will be the largest monument of the kind existing. Rauch's statue of Frederick the Great, at Berlin, is of considerably less proportions. The base of the Washington monument is a complete circle; on this a star, with six points, is raised, and on this rises the actual base to the equestrian figure. Six eagles surround the steps on the circle, and six colossal statues of eminent Americans surround the pedestal-Henry, Lee, Mason, Marshall, Allen, and Jefferson. The whole is on a gigantic scale, from sixty to seventy feet high. The figures of Jefferson and Henry are completed, and forwarded to Muller's foundry, at Munich, to be cast in bronze. The artist is raising the figure of Washington's horse-a mound of clay.

Gibson's statue of Sir Robert Peel, to be placed in Westminster Abbey, is in course of execution. It will be finished in three months. The sculp tor is likewise engaged on another work of national interest. It is to be of colossal proportions, representing Queen Victoria seated on the throne, with attendant figures at each side, the one of Clemency, the other of Justice. The statue of the Queen is at present being raised in clay.

An engraving has been made of the Sully portrait of Jackson, in the possession of Francis Preston Blair, taken soon after the close of the Seminole war. It is similar to the large head of Washington, from Stuart's original portrait; it is consequently more youthful than the portraits familiar to the public, taken later in life. The habitual energy and vivid qualities of Jackson are well conveyed. It is engraved in an effective mixed line and stipple, by Mr. Welch, who executed the Washington head.

At the recent sale of the gallery of the late Duke of Orleans, at Paris, Ary Scheffer's "Francesca di Rimini," so well known through the fine engraving executed of it, sold for nine thousand francs.

The State Legislature of Pennsylvania has passed a bill, making an appropriation to aid in the erection of a monument in Independencesquare, commemorative of the original thirteen states, and the signers of the Declaration of Independence.

The recent exhibition of photographic pictures at the Society of Arts-the first of its kind in London-has proved eminently attractive. The collection was a very large one, including seven hundred and seventy-four specimens-the results of the several processes known as Talbotype or Calotype, Waxed Paper, Albumened Paper, Albumenized Glass, and Collodion. They have been contributed by French, German, and English photographers.

An association has been formed at NewOrleans for the erection of a monument to Henry Clay in one of the public squares of the city. The monument is to be a colossal statue

which shall cost not less than $50,000, and the association is now in correspondence with several distinguished sculptors in this country and abroad, and have offered $250 for the design which shall be adopted by them.

Professor Koeppen read lately a most interesting and instructive paper before the NewYork Historical Society on the "Monuments of the Acropolis, the discoveries made during the recent excavations, and the restoration of the temples by the direction and at the expense of the government of King Otho." Professor Koeppen was for years a Professor of History, Ancient Geography, and the Languages, at the Military College at Athens.

At a recent meeting of the United States Agricultural Society, at Washington, the erection of a monument to the late unfortunate Mr.

Downing, who perished by the burning of the Henry Clay, was determined upon by the farmSmithsonian grounds, themselves rare memoers and horticulturists, to be located in the rials of his genius and taste.

The Society of Antiquaries of Picardy, in France, announce that, by a decree of the government, they have been authorized to erect a statue in bronze of Peter the Hermit, in one of the public places of Amiens. Their circular states, that although that great event of the Middle Ages, the " holy war," has obtained a place among the recorded "glories," the apostle of the crusades has not yet a monument in his native city. It states, however, that Peter the Hermit belongs not to France alone, but to the whole Christian world, and that all the "friends of religion" are bound to subscribe something toward the accomplishment of this object, most worthy to be recorded, as the French chroni clers word it, among the Gesta Dei per Francos! This is an emanation of religious madness.

A statue, by Rude, of Joan of Arc, or rather Joan Darc, has recently been erected in the garden of the Luxembourg, in Paris. The sculptor has attempted to reproduce the heroine's likeness from the sole portrait which exists of her a pen-and-ink sketch, taken down tories by the clerk to the examiners. We also in the margin of the record of her interroga learn that more mural paintings have been discovered in the ancient church of Saint Eustache at Paris. It now appears pretty positive that the entire of the vast edifice was decorated with such paintings, and that they, a century or two after, having fallen partially into decay from damp, were, though of considerable artistic and historic value, barbarously covered with whitewash or plaster.

The Hotel de Ville, at Paris, in addition to its historical importance and architectural beauties, will shortly be one of the most gorgeously and at the same time most tastefully art-decorated monuments in Europe. Several distinguished artists have executed allegorical and historical paintings of great beauty on the walls and ceilings of the principal apartments.

« VorigeDoorgaan »