part of the Union is equally entitled to will not be thought reasonable to exaêt im. || those who declare they have no right, at protezion, and no good reason could be possibilities. It is undeniable, however, the moment they trip you of

yours of red why one part should be less attended that by their ruin many of your own mer When in possession, you will negociate to than another.

chants on the Atlantic coaft will be inevi. with more advantage--You will then be In the last year, goods to the value of tably involved : and great as this evil may in a condition to keep others out-You more than two millions of dollars had been be (certainly of immense magnitude) yet will be in the actual exercise of jurisdiction carried into the Western country--These the loss of the affe Etions of a whole people, over your whole claim--Your people goods were purchased on credit.--The || the destruction of enterprize, and the end will have the benefits of a lawful comconsumption of that merchandize afforded of induft y and hope in the western world, merce.--When your determination is a revenue our treasury of more than three is incalculably greater.

known, you will inake an easy and hon. hundred thousand dollars-The sale of IC

may be said that this is an overcharg-orable accommodation with any other western public lands was calculated upon, ed description of the evil fide of our at. claimant. The present poffeffors can have as producing half a million of dollars annu fairs, without offering any remedy.

no pretence to complain, for they have no ally-Large arrearages of internal taxes Mr. R. said that was far from his inten- li right to the country by their own contela were due from that country-The peopletion, and he would now examine that sub- fion-The western people will discover had just emerged from an Indian war ject, because to his mind the remedy was that you are making every effort they couli! They had overcome the most frightful obvious.

defire for their protection. They will obstructions which had ever presented The experience of all time has proved, ardently support you in the contest, if a themsclues in the setelement of a that with nations as well as individuals, conteit becomes necessary– Their all is at country; and althongh yet in their intan- ! fubiniffionto aggression and infult uniform stake, and neither their zeal nor their courcy, we might promise ourselves honorablely invites a repetition and aggravation of age can be doubted. and vigorous manhood, it they were pro.the mischief.' To repel at the outset is Look at the memorial from the legiftefted as we had led them to expect. Af. more easy, as well as more honorable for lature of the Millillippi Territory, now on ter a little while their strength and faculty | the injured party.

your table. That speaks a language and of self-preservation would be complete; Fortunately for this country, there could

displays a spirit not to be mistaken. Their certainly however they yet needed the kind be no doubt in the present case. Our na lives and fortunes are plighted to support fustering hand of their parent states. But tional right had been acknowledged and

you. The same may, with equal truth, if that be bow withdrawn, where is the secured folemnly--the treaty had been in a be afTerted of Kentucky, Tenneflee, and revenue on which you calculate ? How state of execution. It was now violated

the western people of Virginia and Penncan they pay for your lands? How can and denied without provocation or apolo. Il fylvania. Is this a spirit to be represled or they discharge arrearages of taxes ? How gy. Treaty then was no security-the in

put asleep by negociation ? If you suffer it are they to mect your merchants of Balti vaded right was one, the security of which

to be extinguished, can you recal it in the more and Philadelphia ?--They cannot go ought not to be precarions-it was indif hour of distress when you want it? After to market-They have no resource but the pensable that the enjoyment of it should be negociation has failed; after a powerful, produce of their farms ---You fuffer the placed beyond all doubt. The power with ambitious nation shall have taken pofle Tion Spaniards to lock these up-You tell them whom you have the treaty is either too of the key of your western country and their crops may, may mult rot on their weak or too unjust to observe it. He de fortified it; after their garrisons are filled hands, and yet they must pay you their clared it then to be his firm and mature o with the veieraus who have conquered in debts and taxes. Is this juft? Will it be pinion, that this right would never be le. the Eait, will you have it in your power submitted to ? Thefe men bought your land cure, while the mouth of the Miflisippi to awaken the generous spirit of that coun. in confidence that the Spanish ireaiy would was exclusively in the hands of the Span-try, and difpoffefs them ? No.-Their be maintained. All, or nearly all your jards. From their caprice, or enmity we confidence in such rulers will be gone. sales are since the date of that treaty.

had to apprehend constant interruption and Chey will be disheartened, divided, and Niw you suffer a wanton violation of it, rifunde; standing. From the very posi- I will place no further dependence upon without an effort to remove the obstruction, tion of our country, from its geographical you. They must abandon those who loft and yet call on them for payment ! This pape, and from motives of complete in

the precious moment of seizing, and for. cannot be expected. It would not be the dependance, the command of the naviga . ever securing their fole hope of subsistence rule between honest individuals, for the tion of that river ought to be in our hands. and prosperity. From necessity they must feller of an estate, fuffering an ejection of We are now wantonly provoked to take it. then make the beit bargain they can with the purchaser, when he might and could Hoftility, in its most offensive shape, has

the conqueror. prevent it, would not in conscience be been offered by those who disclaim all right It may be added, that the possession of enti:led to receive the purchase money. to the soil and sovereignty of that country is the country on the east bank of the Mil

If it comports with your calculations of ---and hostility fatal to the well being, of lillippi will give a compactness, an irresistiinterest or convenience to submit tamely to the western world. Why not seize then ble strength to the United States; and in this outrage, and to witness the ruin of one what is so essential to us as a nation? Why all future wars, we shall be more dreaded, part of your country for the lake of peace

not expel the wrongdoers ? Wrongdoers | and of course more courted and more in the residue; furely your ideas of justice | by their own conteflion, to whom we can respected, than we can ever hope to be vill compel you to abfolve the western therefore do no injury. Paper contracts without it. people from all obligation to pay what it or treaties, kave proved too feeble. Plant Suppose that this course be not now would ruin them to advance. Will you

yourselves on the river-fortify the banks purlued. Let me warn gentlemen how prosecute them in your courts? Will you invite those who have an intereft at stake

They trifle with the feelings, the hopes, and fell their little all by public officers? Will to defend it---do juftice to yourselves, fears of fuch a body of men as inhabit the you'rot be content with the loss of all the your adversarjes deny it, and leave

weitern waters. Let every honorable man lively hopes they had entertained, of get the event to Him who controls tlie fate and

put the question to himself, how would ting a new fortune, and another name in the fortune of nations.

half a million round him be affected by will but auspicious new countries of the Why submit to a tardy, uncertain ne such a calamily, and no means taken by weit? Is it not enough that their day is gociation as the only means of regaining the government to redress it. These men darkening and closing at noon ? Surely it " what you have lost ? A negociation with

what you have loft ? A negociation with 'l have arms in their hands--the fame arms

when your

with which they proved victorious over spirit, and breathe the sentiments of a dir Mr. Wells inquired whether it was in their favage neighbours:--They have ample tinet nation. They will rob you of your order to interrupt a gentleman while fpeak. means of subsistence-No market for those public lands-They will form a girdlelling and to make a motion while he was in means-and they have men disposed to lead round the Southern states which may

be pofleflion of the floor. : them on to avenge their wrongs.


denominated a foreign yoke and render that The Vice President thought that in such certain that they will wait the end of ne whole country very precarious as to its a cafe, where a Senator thought that the gociation ? When they hear that nothing peace and present connexions. Indeed,

subject repuired fecrecy, it might be done. has been done for their immediate relief, every aspect of such a state of things is The doors must be closed at the request of they will probably take their resolution gloomy and alarming to men who take the any Senator, and afterwards the Senate and act. Indeed, from all that we have trouble of reflecting upon it. But, sir, said would determine by vote whether or not heard, there is great reason to suppose that Mr. R. I have heard it suggested that there the business should proceed with closed they will, or, perhaps, that they inay have i is another mode of getting rid of this crisis doors. He then ordered the galleries and already acted—They know the nature of in our affairs,

If we remain perfectly qui. lobby to be cleared. The doors remainthe obstruction--They know the weakness et and passive, shew no fymptoms of unea. ed closed for some time, when they were of the country. They are fure of present | liness and discontent-If we give no of. again opened, and the Senate adjourned, fuccess--and they have a bold river to bear fence to the new and probable masters of them forward to the place of action. They the Misliffippi-May be they will sell !!! only want a leader io conduct them, and it To me it is utterly incredible that such an budson, March 15, 1803. would be strange, if with such means, and effect would flow from such a conduct. such {pirit, a leader should not foon present | They might probably sell it they found us

Ticket No. 11,508, in the Lottery for the encourhimseit. armed, in possession and resolved to main

agement of Literature, has drawn the highest prize, - Suppose they do go–That they do chase tain it-They would see that even con.

25,000 dollars. away the present wrong doers--That you queft would be a hard bargain for so dif.

We learn, that the amount of damages sustain. give them no fupport-and, that in the end tant a country. Our poffeflion would be

ed by Mr. Stebbins, in the destruction of his store they are overpowered and defeated by a evidence of a fixed resolution. But when at Hillsdale, falls but litt! short of $ 6,000. His ftronger foe than the present feeble poslef we have no army, no military preparation, papers and books, containing a great number of no' semblance of resistance, what would in.

unsettled accounts, were all lost. fors. They will never return to you, tor

With an alacrity,

deserving of the highest praise, the neighbors of you cannot protect them. They will make duce them to sell ? Sell, sir! for how

Mr. Stebbins have raised a new store, and it is said, the best compromise they can with the much? Why, fir, although there is no in intend to volunteer their services, until it is com. power commanding the mouth of the river, formation on that subject before this houle, pletely finished. who in effect has thereby the command of

yet I have seen it stated in a newspaper that The Hon. TIMOTHY PICKERING, Esq. is electtheir fortunes. Will such a bargain be of

those who claim that country may perhaps ed a Senator of the United States for Massachu. light or trivial moment to the Atlantic be perfuaded to sell by distributing two setts, in the place of Dwight Foster, Esq. resigned ftates ? Bonaparte will then say to you, millions of dollars among certain influen

THE SECRETS. -My French West-India colonies, and tial persons about the

With which Congress has so long been in labou", those of iny allies, can be supplied by my Here Mr. Wright of Maryland called were safely brought into the world three days previa colony of Louisiana with flour, beef, pork, || Mr. Ross to order, and said that he thought

ous to the closing of the session. They are two

acts--one named Diplomatic Skill the other Econlumber and every necessary. These arti it improper to debate upon confidential

omy :-One appropriates TWO MILLIONS OF cles can be carried by my own ships, nav information which in his opinion ought to DOLLARS for carrying on the negociation with igated by my own sailors. If you on the be kept secret.

France and Spain--the other appropria:es two thouAtlantic coast wish to trade with my colo.

Mr. Ross knew of no confidential com.

saml fire bundred dollars for exiending the external

commerce of the United States.' nies in these articles, you must pay fifteen munication to that house on this subject. or twenty per cent, of an impoft; we want The Vice President said there was

While Mr. Ross's Resolutions (inserted in the no further fupplies from you, and revenue confidential information about this busi.

Balance two weeks ago) were under consideration

in the Senate, Mr. Breckenridge moved an amend. to France must be the condition of all ness before the senate that he recollected, pent, by striking out the whole of the original, and future intercourse.- What say you to this? and that he perceived nothing improper or

inserting others--authorizing the president, whenIt will be vain to address your western out of order in what had been said.

ever he shall judge it expedient, to require of the brethren, and complain that your revenue Mr. Nicholas said he hoped the galle

executives or the several states to organize, arma

and equip, and huld in readiness to march at a modwindles ; your commerce is ruined, your ries would be cleared. It appeared to him

ment's wamn:g, Eighty Thousand militia— for ap. commerce is ruined, your condition des that the gentleman was about to discuss

propria:ing money for their payment, &c. and for perate. They will reply—you came not

erecring works of defence on the western watei j. points which ought to be kept secret.

-The amendmeni was agreed to--and the resoluto our assistance at the only moment you Mr. Ross hoped not—and would give tions passed the last day of the session. could have served us-That


then his reasons, balanced between sordid interest and duty Mr. Nicholas objected, that it would not

Mr. Monroe has sailed on his niission to France -That you suffered them to be bornell be in order for the gentleman to give rea

and Spain. It is very doubtful whether the much down and a when, for a fons.

injured people of the western country will patiently wait the issue of his negociation. The Spaniards

at New Orleans are daily growing more insolent; fippi. Now their interest must be consule- || subject, sir, with closed doors. The mo

and it is understood that the French are to take im. ed, and it forbids any alliance to you

mediate possession. shut

A gentleman at Natchez, you your doors I cease--and

writes to his friend at Lexington, under date of when following in the same train of ruin when they are opened I will proceed. Jan. 20, as follows:which overwhelmed them.

There is nothing of a secret or confidential “ I trust 700,000 persons will not wait for Mr. If the evil does not immédiately proceed nature in what I have to say. Mr. Rois

Jefferson to go through all the forms, ceremonies and the full length of absolute disunion, yet the concluded by calling for the yeas and nays

etiquette of the courts of Spain and Bonaparte, be

fore they determine wliethor it will be best to drive Arength, the unity of interest will be gone, upon the question of closing ibe doors. the miscreants from their waters or not. we are no more one people, and represen. Mr. Wright read one of the rules of the start and drive them with the Spring flood, and then tativesfrom that portion of our country, in senate, to shew that a vote was not necessa

negotiate. We can now get the whole province our public councils, will partake of the

without the loss of one drop of blood, but let the ry for closing the doors.

French get there and it will be otherwise."


trifte, you could have o fecured the M10C || Mr. Ross. I will never speak upon this


I say,

[blocks in formation]

Messrs. EDITORS,
By inserting the following, you will oblige a new

lovely Laura's face I knew, Contentment crown'd my cot ; My cares of life, alas ! were few

Vain pomp i envied not.

The rosy hours flew swift away,

I pip'd with merry glee ;
No lark that hail'd the rising day

Was half so gay or free.

Remembrance paints the pleasing scene,

When first she won my heart ;
Her beauteous face, her graceful mien,

Shone unadurn'd by art.

VIRGIL describing an Argive, remote In troth, replied the Irishman, the from his friends and falling in battle, has O'Briens are a high people. I have seen the following line, justly admired by the many

many a one of them when he was dying, critics.

toss and dangle his feet in the air, full six " Et dulces moriens reminiscitur Argos."*

feet high from the ground.” Its spirit was caught by Romme, a man of letters and vičtim of Robespierre. Advertisement, copied from the Mo. While in prison, a painter attended to nagham paper, Ireland : Whereas John draw the portrait of the unfortunate bard.

Hall has fraudulently iaken away several He sent it to his family with four lines, of articles ot my wearing apparel, without my which the following is a translation : tho' || knowledge, this is, therefore, to inform inferior to the original it is a happier effort him, that if he does not forth with return of eloquence, than all the republican har

the same, his name shall be made public. angues Gince the assassination of Louis.” “ Wonder not, objects of my fondest care,

A Dublin Apothecary advertises, that If these pale looks the lines of sadness wear,

he has removed io the corner of St. Peter's For, while the painter's art my features drew,

Church-yard, where he will let apartments, I saw the scaffold, and I thought of you."

cellarage, and other conveniencies, under.

ground, on moderate terms.
* A fond recollection of absent friends and bis na.
tive country occupies bis dying moments.

Now lonely, wandering thro' the grove,

My bosom fill'd with care,
I tune my pipe to hapless love,

And nicurn for my sweet fair.

The wretch inclosid on Afric's coast,

More freedom knows than 1 ; Content is fled, bless'd peace is lost,

In vain I heave the sigh.



Come thou, sweet hope, and soothe my grief,

Thy smiles oft cheer my breast ; 'Tis thcu alone can'st give relief, And make a lover blest.

MORTIMER. March, 1803.

[The following has been communicated :o us for

publ cation, as original. If we mistake not, we have seen the same, or something similar, in print)


The grandsire with the grandam first the reel

Two fathers and two mothers follow'd on,
Two bro-hers and two sisters join'd the dance,
Two husbands with their wives did then advance,
Two uncles and an aunt the next appear,
With two sons and a daughter in their roir,
Two cousins with a nephew and a niece,
And one young grandson clos'd the fancy.piece.
Soon as the dance was through, they counted o'er,
And five were all the persons on the floor.
Nw I woulu ask, how Hymen could contrive
To make this number count full twenty-five ?


To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, “ SOME few years ago, an Indian lying | payable in quarterly advances. afleep in his canoe, (a few.miles above the To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers tremendous cataract,) was, by accident or

at the office, Two Dollars, payable as above. design, fet adritt, and floated down within

To those who receive them by the mail, Two the current till he was awakened by the

Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance. roaring of the rapids, where the water first bursts into a cataract. He then rose and

A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table extended his arms with astonishinent and

of Contents, will be given with the last number horror ; but remembering that dignified

of each volume. resolution with which it has ever been the

Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and pride of his countrymen to meet death in handsome manner, in the Advertiser which acccmthe most dreadful shapes, and having cov. panies, and circulates as extensively as the Balance. ered his head with a blanket, he compor. Complete files of the first volume, which have edly sat in his canoe, glanced down the been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale rapids, and was plunged into the tremen -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and fif. dous abyss."

ty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post office in

the state, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-ofA GERMAN officer, who served un

fice in the union for 78 cents.
der Suwarrow, in Poland, mentions the
following fingular anecdote.

“ The evening preceding the decisive
attack on Ilmael," Suwarrow said, “ Ear.
ly to-morrow morning I shall rise an hour SAMPSON, CHIITLNDEN & CROSWELL
before day-break, dress and walh myself,

Warren-Street, Hudson.
say my prayers, and then I shall crow like
a cock at hearing which, form :he place





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OUR cameleon politicians, tho

It is well known that the federal consti-

such, as, if acceded to, muft equally at-
tution met with a strong opposition from fect every late in the union.”

many of the leading characters in this From thefe documents it appears that it ftate ; and that its final adoption in the

has been the opinion of the democratic state convention was obtained, with much republicans in this state, that the liberties difficulty, after several severe struggles ; of the nation would be greatly endangerbut it is not perhaps so generally known, ed from the emigration of foreigners to that the anti-federal party, as it was then this country; and that, to lessen this dan

called, objected to the federal constitution No. III.

ger, it was necefTary to exclude them by reason that it did not contain an effec. forever, by an express clause in the con. .

tual security against the introduction of fitution, from eligibility to the places of roughly killful in the art of veering and foreigners to an agency in our national

president, vice-president, or meinbers of Alifting their opinions and shaping their

councils. This, however, is a recorded either house of the Congress of the United

fact. courses, as party occasions demand, have

States. This opinion, they deciared, did diftinguilhed themselves during several of The state convention that difcuffed and

not originate“ in local views, but was the last years by the warmth and copious finally adopted the federal constitution, such as muft equally affect every flate in effufions of their zeal in behalf of foreign July 26, 1782, offered thirty two articles the union." emigrants. No means have they neglect. of amendment; and expressly “ enjoined

We ascend from this high authority to ed, no arts have they left untried, to ailure it upon their representatives in the Con

an authority which some may deem para . the affe&tions of thofe frangers toward gress, to exert all their influence and use

mount to the confiitution itself. Mr. themselves, and excite their resentment all reasonable means to obtain a ratification

Jefferson in the Notes on Virginia, pub. and inflame their animosity against the to the said amendments to the constitu

lished 1801, speaking of the population federalists. The late federal adminiftra. tion.” The 5th article of those amend.

of this country, says ; " Here I will beg tion was loaded with reproaches for its al ments was in the following words :

leave to propose a doubt. The present ledged hoftility to aliens. The law that “ That no persons, except natural born desire of America, is to produce rapid popmade a fourteen years' residence in the citizens, or such as were citizens on

ulation, by as great importations of for. country a prerequisite to an admission to before the fourth day of July, 1776, or eigners as possible. But is this founded the rights of suffrage, as well as the alien. such as held commiflions under the Unit

in good policy ?” “ Are there no incon. law, has been denounced and execrated ed States during the war, and have, at any veniences to be thrown into the scale, a. by the democratic party, as a system of time, since the 4th of July, 1776, become gainst the advantage expected from a muloppression and tyranny : in the mean time, citizens of one or other of the United | tiplication of numbers, by the importathe fraternal embrace has been constantly i States, and who shall be freeholders, shall

tion of foreigners? It is for the happi. tendered even to the vileft outcasts from

be eligible to the places of president, || ness of those united in society, to harmo . Europe ; and many a heart that, in oth-vice-president, or members of either house nize as much as possible, in matters which er respects, is as cold as the rocks of Spitz- l of Congress of the United States."-In a

hey must of necessity transact together. bergen, has been seemingly melting with circular letter from the said convention to

Civil government being the fole object compassion for this portion of “ opprel. the Governors of the several states in the

of forming societies, its adıninistra ion fed humanity.”—Let us trace back there | union, signed, “ George Clinton, preli. imust be conducted by common consent. fox-like meanders.--Let us compare thele dent,” are these expressions ; “ Our a Every species of government has its speinterefted party politics with the sage unmendments will manifest that none of

c:fic principles : Ours, perhaps are more biailed opinions of former years.

them origina: ed in local views, as they are peculiar than those of any other in the u.


No. r.


niverse. It is a composition of the freeft 11 in the year 1802, the sum of 7,300,000

balance Closet. principles of the Englijk Conftitution, dolls. to be appled in that year, to the with others, derived from natural right discharge of interest and principal of the and reason. To these, nothirg can be public debt and that they had applied on LIBERTY OF THE PRESS. more opposed than the maxims of abso. is dolls. 6,530,007 84 to that object, leavlute monarchies. Yet from such we are ing an unexpended balance in their own to expe&t the greatest number of emigranis. hands of dollars 769.992 16.

WE are induced to notice a communication which They will bring with them the principles That the commissioners in making up:heir has recently appeared in the Richmond (Vir.) Exof ike governments they leave, imbibed in accounts, had charged doils. 4,065,738 47

anjiner, merely to shew to what paltry shifts the their early youth ; or if able to throw for interest on the public debi, whereas it

servile editors of denocratic newspapers are drives, them off, it will be in exchange for an had been ftated in the Trea!ury account inbounded licentiousnels, palling, as is

to prop up and support the cause of their masters that the interest amounted only to dolls.

-a wretched, a detestable cause, which, like a house usual, from one extreme to another. It would be a miraıle were they to flop pre3.947,190 75 and ot course there must be

built in the sand, is rumbling into ruins. Let erery an error in one or the other of these ac.

man, into whose hands this paper may fall, divest cisely at the point of temperate liberty.

himself of party prejudice, and answer candidy, Their principles with their language, they will transmit to their children. In That during the year 1802 the commis.

whether a cause that requires such arguments t3 proportion to their numbers, they will sioners had received ihe lumn of 10,298,290

support it, as are contained in the following extract, Mare with us in the legislation. They dollars 88 cents, of the public money to be

is not both wretched and detestable. will infufe into it their lpirit, warp and applied to the debt, but by their own report Speaking of the late prosecutions against the bias its direction, and render it a hetero. they had rendered no certain account of the junior editor of this paper, the Examiner says, geneous, incoherent, distracted mass. I application of more than 7,817,607 dollars

“ These were prosecutions under the au" may appeal to experience, during the pre- || 84 cents, leaving 84 cents, leaving a ballance of 2,480,683

thority of that ftate not under the au. sent contest, for a verification of these con



cents unaccounted for in any " thority of the United States; conducted jeĉtures : but if they be not certain in e other form than by an estimate of remit

on the principles of the Common Law ; vent, are they not poslible, are they rot tances for Holland, which had been pur

“ not on the principles of any act of our probable ? Is it not fater to wait with pa chaled in the year 1802, and which the “ Congress. Now there is no principle tience for the attainment of any degree of

commissioners estimated at 2,365,842 dol “ of the Common Law more clearly fixed population desired or expected ? May not lars 8o cents, which remittances Mr. G.

“ or more extensively known, than that on our government be more homogeneous; supposed ought not to have been reported

a prosecution for a libel the truth of the more peaceable, more durable ? Suppose on estimate, as the commillioners knew the " libel can. It be given in evidence ; and 20 millions of republican Americans, l amount, but that admitting this estimate to " the reason assigned by the books is, that thrown all of a sudden into France, what hé correa, there still remained a balance " the libeller, if he knew his charges to would be the condition of that kingiom ? of dollars 114.839 44 for which, no ac “ be true, ought, instead of libelling, to It it would be more turbulent, less happy, count had been rendered.

the prosecute the offender. This, if his less strong, we may believe that the addi

That the account of the public debt of

" purposes were upright, he wonld inva. tion of half a million of foreigners, to our the last year did not, in several particulars

“ riably do. It his patriotic spirit be fired present numbers, would produce a similar

agree, either with themselves, or with the “ by a public wrong, by a breach of pub. effect here." accounts of the present year—that in the

“ lic law, let him compel the offender to Such were the sober thoughts, the avow accounts transmitted to the house during

“ expiate his crime under the scourge of ed sentimenis of our leading democrats, the last feffion, it was in one account stated

" the public law If the President of the at a time when they were in a manner frec that the intereft upon the Dutch debt a.

" United States has violated his oath of from the bias of party views and objects ; mounted to dolls. 476,931 and in another

office, his oath to delend and observe the ---at a time too when the liberties of this accenni ibat it amounted only to dolls.

constitution and laws of the United country were ten-fold leís endangered from 458.ico---ihat in the account of the secre

“ States he is liable to impeachinent; and the influence of aliens, than at present. tary at the last fellion the installment upon

" it was Mr. Crolwell's business as a pzONE OF THE PEOPLE. the Doich dcbt for the year 1802 was fla

triot, and a man, to adopt that mode of ied w be Guilders 3-550,000 ; and in the

proceeding. If the President of the account af the Commitioners the same in.

- United Siates, aided Mr. Callender in Itallment was fated to be only guilders

" the propagation of libels, he is fubject IMPORTANT,

" to a civil action at the suit of the party 3.360.000. That this business had been conducted

“ aggrieved, and to a flate profecution, on ON the second day of this month, exclusively by the secretary of the treasury,

“ the principles of the Common Law, for

" the violated digniry and peace of the (Feb.] Mr. Griswold moved in the House who was accountable for the fairness of the of Representatives of the U. States a refo-trantacion, and the correctness of the ac

state; and on this branch of the subject,

“ it was Mr. Croswell's business to have lution to instruct the committee of \'ays counts, and though he did not know, that and Means to inquire into the transaétions there had been any absolute misupplication

wielded the authority of the state, and of the commissioners of the Sinking Fund, of the public money, yet he did not know

pen of a libeller.

But whatever

“ be the reason of the Common Law in for the year 1802. that an individual, who was entrusted with

" this case, or however found or weak The debate on this interesting subjeû will


management of than ten millions be given hereafter at length. In the mean of dollars might, by contract with his con

" that reason, the principle itself is as time it may be proper to state, that in exfidential friends, and in

clearly fixed as judicial precedent can many

- make any principle that or an indi il ment plaining the objekts to which the inquiry | avail himself of the use of a large proportion was to be directed, Mr. Griswold ftated, of this enormous sum, without exposing

for a libel, the truih of the libel cannot that the commiilioners had received, under himself greatly to detection.

be given in evidence. The states At.

“ torney, therefore, in the case of Crof. the act for the redemption of the public debt

[Gaz. United States.] " well, was not only juftifiable in refusing

not the


other ways,

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