lute right.

Mr. Dennis believed that no example If the contents could be known in any other when the democrats (those that stick to the could be found in parliamentary proceed. Il way he should not think that it ought to President through thick and thin) took the ings of committing part of a petition and be allowed a public reading in that House. | alarm, and got the gallaries cleared; up: rejecting the rest. If the memorial was He was ot opinion that the American on which Mr. Rols declared that he would retered to a committee, it must all be re- ll people are quite able to govern themselves not offer his resolutions in fecret, and, fered, and muft all be read and considered ;

without the aid of those who live upon the therefore, dropped them at that time. The as well the parts which are indecent as the || hospitality and courtesy of the country, and next day, the democrats, aware of the imreft. No division could be made-he con. who ought to know how to make a proper pression which such a proceeding would fidered it as being imposible in the nature return for that hospitality and courtesy. have upon the public mind, contented to of the thing. Besides, he thought it alto He well remembered the conduct of the open the doors, when the subjoined refogether unnecessary. If it thould

be aliens at the time the British treaty was lutions were offered. thought necessary to act upon the subject, under confideration—that vast numbers Resolved, That the United States have the facts were already before the house, of memorials were sent by them to our an indisputable right to the free navigation and could be acted upon as well without a government, and many of them went fo far, of the river Misliflippi, and to a convenient reference of the memorial to a committee as to dismiss persons from their employment place of deposit for their produce and as with it. He felt no disposition to con. who relused to sign those momorials--He merchandize in the island of New Orleans. vert that house into an organ for convey thought it time to put a stop to such lib. That the late infraétion of such their ing to the world the flanders of turbulent erties.

unquestionable right, is an aggression hoftile and troublelome foreigners, which would The question was then taken by yeas to their honour and interest. really be the effeèt of adopting the motion. and nays, “ Shall the memorial he referred That it does not consist with the dignity Should the example be fet, people of that to a fele& committee ?” and i' was resolved or safety of this Union, to hold a right so description would hereafter have nothing in the negative ; yeas twenty three, nays

in the negative ; yeas twenty three, nays important by a tenure so uncertain. more to do than to communicate their flan. fixty-one.

That it materially concerns such of the ders to that house and thus have them given

American citizens as dwell on the western out to the world

waters; and is essential to the union, Mr. Dennis said he did not know what

strength and prosperity of these states, that the gentleman from Pennsylvania (Mr.

they obtain complete security for the full Smilie) meant by saying that all which was

and peaceable enjoyment of such their abfostated in the meinorial was true.--He ob. served that the memorialists flated that they

That the President be authorized to take were convictsThis part he presumed was Be it our weekly task,

immediate pofleflion of such place or platrue—and he wished to know whether his To note the passing tidings of the times. ces, in the said island, or the adjacent colleague (Gen. S. Smith) thought it de


territories, as he may deem fit or convencent to place the slanders of foreiga conzriets upon a level with the votes of .gen

ient, for the purpcles aforesaid ; and to budson, March 1, 1803.

adopt Luchouber measures for obtaining that tlemen upon that floor.

complete fecurity as to him, in his wisdom, He observed further, that the memorial.

Thail seem meet.

MORE OF THE WORKS OF GIDEON. ifts had stated, as one part of their com

That he be authorised to call into actual plaint against the late administration, that

WILLIAM Goodwin, Esq. is turned service, any number of the inilitia of the our minister at the Coust of London had out of the Post-Office at Plymouth, Mass.

states of South Carolina, Georgia, Ohio, expressed the with of his government that and JAMES WARREN, Eiq. appointed in

Kentucky, Tennessee, or of the Mislissippi the state prisoners of Ireland and England

territory, which he may think proper, not might not be sent to the United States, and

exceeding fifty thousand, and to employ that in consequence of this cruel proceed

The Governor of Massachusetts has ap.

them, together with the military and naval ing they had been subjected to long and pointed Thursday the 7th of April, as a

forces of the Union, for effecting the ob. grievous imprisonments in their own

day of Fasting and Prayer, throughout the jećts above mentioned. country. This, he prefumed, was also Commonwealth.

That the sum of five millions of dollars true; but he did not know ahat this had

be appropriated to carry into effect the entitled them to come and read political

A line of stages is established from Port.

foregoing resolutions; and that the whole lectures to the government of the United land (Maine) to Savannah (Geo.) 1340 or any part of that sum be paid or applied States.

miles. In summer the distance will be run on warrants, drawn in pursuance of such Mr. Bacon thought it would be time in 15 days, in winter, in 21.

directions as the President may, from time enough to attend to the requests of these

to time, think proper to give to the secretary people when they should come forward with


of the treasury. a decent petition. To refer this memorial would, in his opinion, be holding out to We colleet the following Congressional the world, to other countries as well as information from sundry extracts of letthis, the idea that the furest way to pleale ters, &c. which appear in the Evening the present administration is to censure the Poft of the 22d ult. Mr. Coleman will l. He believed there was not a person excuse the liberty we have taken in conden. in the House who wished that such an ex. fing. pression should be made.

Mr. Ross, federal Senator from Pern. Mr. Claiborne said there was nothing | sylvania, on the 16th ult. made a long, enmore repugnant to his feelings in general ergetic and impressive speech on the state ihan to refuse to listen to petitions present. of the nation, with particular allusion to

In this city, on Saturday last, Mr. URIEL ed to that House. - But viewing the ten the affair of New Orleans. He was pre. STRATTON, in the 29th year of his age. He was dency of that memorial he was almost sorry paring to follow this up with resolutions

an industrious and upright citizen, and died much that he had called for the reading of it. conformable to the spirit of his speech, 1 lamented by his relations and friends.

his place.


The Caireath.

[7be following fable from the EuropeAN MAGA

ZINĖ, of 1801, contains a most excellent moral.]




was the air, and wide around
Descending snows had cloath'd the ground,
When shiv'ring at the MILLER's gate,
In tatter'd weeds a BEGGAR sat.
The Man of Meal, with fluent tongue,
Could reason well of right and wrong ;
He lov'd his friend, his glass, his joke,
But us'd Religion as a cloak ;
With Faith and Hope he still was free,
But never practis'd Cbarity.
To him the wretch her tale address'd,
And thus, in piteous strain, express'd :-
“ For Heav'n's sweet sake, kind Sir! O! spare
One farthing to a widow's pray'r ;
Hard are the times, and little know
The rich of poverty and woe :
At home for bread my infants pine,
And ev'ry racking care is mine !"

“ Vagrant, begone !" the good man cried " And haste thy loathsome form to hisle ; To honest labour turn thine hand ; Forbear thy plaints, and understand, That hough thou dar'st at Heav'n repine, 'Tis sleth and indolence, like thine, With other crimes combin'd, that call The chast'ning rod of Heav'n on all ; Hence fruiiless seasons, harvest drear, And all the plagues that blot the year !"

In me behold hy deadliest foe

Be this question, however, as it may : My name is TRUTH ; and dæmon ! know, -whether the deluge were a natural or a The slumberer Conscience I can wake,

fupernatural event, its existence cannot be And bid her guilty victims quake.

reasonably doubted ; inasmuch as it is at. Unless Repentance seize thy soul,

tefted, not only by sacred history, but also And make thy wounded spirit whole,

by its evident effe&ts over the face of the Her vengeance shall pursue thee down

earth. To endless pangs in shades unknown !

The most learned man in the world is scarcely more able to dive into the arcana of the laws of nature, than a fly, that

lights upon St. Paul's Church, is able to agonitorial Department. scan its dimensions and criticise on the

justness of its proportions. To aid the cause of virtue and religion.

But if it were even granted, that, ac. cording to the usual operation of the laws

of nature, the united waters of the oceans FOR THE BALANCE.

and of the atmosphere could not be made

to cover the earth, to a height much a. DOCUMENTS CONCERNING THE EXISI. bove thirty feet, it is still more rational to ENCE OF NOAH's DELUGE.

admit a supernatural agency, than to de. ny the fact :-a fact or event, that ac.

counts for a multitude of phenomena, BUFFON

which are utterly unaccountable on any UFFON, a French philosopher, other known principle. of distmguished learning and great fame, but an opposer, and contemner of the fa

W. cred volume, conjectured that the earth is a fragment torn off from the sun ; that, it being, at the period of its first dislodge

TERMS OF THE BALANCE. ment, a ball of lolid fire, it must have took some thoulands of years to cool it to such To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, a degree as to render its surface habitable :

payable in quarterly advances. conlequently, that the earth, near the

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers poles, bad formerly a proper degree of warmth for elephants, rhinoceri &c. ;

ae che office, Two Dollars, payable as above. and that in this way we may account for

To those who receive them by the mail, Twa che skeletons of these animals being found Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance in the polar regions.

A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table I believe I have not done (certainly have

of Contents, will be given with the last number

of each volume.
not designed to do) any injustice to the
Sentiments of Buffon, on this subjeet ;

Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and tho' I have to depend on memory, as his

handsome manner, in the Advertise which accom. writings are not now before me. Wheth. || panies, and circulates as extensively as the Balance. er any credit is due to this philofophical Complete files of the first volume, which have fancy ; or whether it is not even a con been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale firmation of the truth of Moses's history of -Price of the volume, bonnd, Two Dollars and ff. the flood, that a man of singular learning ty cents~-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may and talents has had recourse to such a wild be sent, stiiched or in bundles, to any post office in theory to invalidate it ;-Jet every candid the state, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-ofreader judge.

fice in the union for 78 cents.
A distinguished philosopher of our own
country, Mr. Jefferson, has objected to AGENTS FOR THE BALANCE.
the credibility of Moses's history of the

deluge, on the ground that it violates the
established laws of nature ; according to

Providence, R. 1. Mr. Wheeler, Printer.

Norwich, Conn. Mr. Hubbard, Printer.
which, in his opinion) water cannot be
made to rise over the surface of the earth,

Sulem, Mass. John Dabney, Post-Master. to such an attitude as to cover even small

Bath, N. r. Samuel S. Haight. hills, and much less the lofjest mountains. On the other hand, Barnarden St. Pierre, a French author, who is no less celebrated for philosophical disquisitions SAMPSON, CHITTENDEN & CROSWELL, than Mr. Jefferson, has offered to the pub.

Warren-Street, Hudson. lic a very ingenious theory, which (if true)

GENERAL IS EXECUTED seems to prove that the deluge was posli. ble even on natural principles.


He spoke-when, lo ! before his eyes-
As flames thro’ smouldering smoke arise-
The SUPPLIANT rose, transformi'd and bright,
A native of the realms of light!
A suir of splendor grac'd her breast,
A zealous rage her eye confessid,
As thus, with action dignified,
And awe cominanding voice, she cried

“ Detested wretch! immers'd in gain,
And harden'd to another's pain,
Thou dost the attributes abuse
Of him whose name thou dar'st to use ;
And, whilst thou pleadest Virtue's callie,
Liv'st the transgressor of her laws !
No fault is there in Providence,
On which you found your stale pretence;
Nor are your fellow.creaturcs' crimes
Sole causes of unhappy times
Deep in your breust the evil dvell:
There A v'RICE lurks in hidden cclis ;
And there the Sorceress plies her art,
Which turns to adamant the heart.



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their persons, a goodly land, which of. ment of an independant and great nation fers them food and raiment. It is not e so insulted by vagabond strangers, who

nough that they enjoy the rights of hospital. were subsisting on its bounty. If these FOR THE BALANCE.

ity : " that they are permitted to land aliens had come over in an embodied army

quietly on our shores ; that they will be fitty thousand ftrong, and with a descendON THE IMPOLIGY OF A SPEEDY ADMISSION

prote&ted equally with our own citizens, ant of William the Conquerer, or with a in their persons, and in the acquisition and brother or cousin of Bonaparte at their

enjoyment of property ; that our courts head, they might, with a pretty good grace, No. 1.

of justice are open to them to seek redress have declaimed against the oppression and

of injuries ; and that they are permitted tyranny of our laws, and demanded a new HIS country is a vast reservoir, peaceably to return to their own countries,

peaceably to return to their own countries, | order of things,-not as a favour, but as into which are continually pouring such whenever they please, and to carry with their right. In such a commanding atti. polluted streams as powerfully tend to cor them all their effe&ts.”—They despise and tude, they might have pleaded their right rupt and poison the whole mass. The oath this precious Manna, that is inces. to a share or even to a monopoly of the flood-gates of emigration are set open.--|| fantly distilling upon them, and falling in national sovereignty, in language of scorn, Europe, for the last ten years, has been in celestial showers around their tents; and invective and reproach. But (unless cona state of general and violent fermentation; of which they are admitted to the gratui- || vinced of their duty by the all-powerful and the froth and lees which that fermen.

tous enjoyment.-No immunity, no priv- || logic of a conquerer) the fovereign people tation had produced, are thrown out upon ilege, short of the right of suffrage which of this country are not yet quite prepared us. The jails and dungeons of foreign is a participation in the national sovereign- | to endure, from vagrant hordes, buffetcountries are discharging their filthy con ty, can satisfy these haughty and trouble. tings and spurnings in return for hospitents into our land, which seems doomed

some strangers. No sooner are they land- tality ; nor have they, in the "march of to become a Botany Bay ; and, fcape-ed on our shores, than they assert their sentiment,” attained to fuch an unboundgoat like, must be loaded with maledic

claims in a baughty tone, and in the lan. ed regard for “oppressed humanity," as tions and must bear, tho' not the iniqui- Iguage of menace and invective. They

guage of menace and invective. They to be willing that foreign convicts and ties, (what is nearly as intolerable) the

convulse our sea-ports ;-they arrest the gallows-scapers should scornfully tread upculprits of Europe.

progress of business in Congress, by ob on their own necks. Moft readily is it granted that many of truding themselves, from time to time, as the emigrants to this country are peacea

the all-important object of legislative atble, induftrious, useful people : they qui- tention.-While as ignorant almoft of the

* No circumstance could afford a clearer demonetly betake themselves to their respective nature of our republican government, as stration either of the ignorance or extreme absurdity callings, and are a valuable acquisition to | if they had come from another planet,* of our new political lecturers, respecting the nature the nation that adopts them. It is from they instantly on their arrival assume the of government, than the following sentiments in

their late memorial to Congress : namely, " that the (warm of idle, restless, turbulent and province of political teachers and di&tafactious characters, who nesle together in tors : and even in their addresses to gov

to tax him, (an emigrant,) imprison him, or put

him to death, by laws, in the framing of which he our largest towns and cities, that the peace | ernment, they have the audacity to reproach

was not represented, is to exercise against him an of the country is wounded and its liber our laws and to pour the cup of scorn and act of tyranny." ties jeopardised. These outcasts from Eu- | insult upon men, who had borne "the heat According to this principle, if an emigrant or an ropean societies, these scapelings from the and burthen of the day," during our per alien, the day that he lands on our shores, should gallows are not contented to find here a se ilous revolution.

steal, rob, or murder, it would be an act of tyranny

to punish him ; because, forsooth,' “ he was not cure assylum, an inviolable protection of Never perhaps before was the govern- 1 represented in the framing of our laws."


MEMORIAL OF THE CIRCUIT JUDGES. That judges should not be deprived of
To the Honourable the Senate and House of Represen.

their offices or compensation without miltatives of the United States in Congress asseinbied,

behaviour, appears to the underfigned to be

among the firit and belt eltablished princi. THE UNDERSIGNED

ples in the American conftitution; and in Ny? Refpefully submit the following the various reforins they have undergone,

it has been preserved and guarded with in. Representation and

creased folicitude. MEMORIA L.

On this bafis the constitution of the Uni. BY an act of Cungress passed on the

ted States has laid the foundation of the juthirteenth day of February, in the year of

dicial department, and expressed its meantou Lord one thoufandeig at hundred and ling in terms equally plain and peremptory. one, entitled, “ An act to provide for

This being ihe deliberate and folemn o. the nore convenient organization of the

pinion of the undersigned, the duty of their courts of the United States," certain ju

ftations requires that they thould declar

it to the legislative body. They regret the dicial offices were created, and courts eltablished, called Circuit Courts of the U. necessity which compels them to make the nited States.

representation, and they confide that it wil

be attributed to a conviction that they In virtue of appointinents made under the constitution of the United States, the ought not voluntarily to surrender righés

& authorities entrusted to their protection, underfigned became vested with the offices so created, and received cominillion

not for their personal advantage, but for

the benefit of the community, authorizing them to hold the same, with the emoluments thereunto appertaining, during their good behaviour. During the last sellion, an act of Con

Balance Closet. grels palled, by which the above mention. ed law was declared io be repealed; since wliich no law has been made for assign

LIBERTY OF THE PRESS. ins to your memorialills, the execution of any judicial fun&tions, nor has any provif.

No. III. ion been made - for the payment of their

WITHOUT stopping to notice the factious un. ftipulated compensations.

derlings of opposition, who formerly clamored aUnder these circumstances, and finding gainst the Sedition Law, in grog-shops, in tavern it expressly declared in the constitution of

at election-polls, and in the democratic the United States, that " The Judges

newspapers, we advance directly to the leaders of both of the Supreme and Inferior Courts

the patriot band, who leagued themselves together Jhall hold their offices during good behav to “ save the republic.” In the very foremost rank 2our, and shall, at llated times, receive, for of this band, like an herald or a trumpeter, appears. their frvices, a compensation which shall the Attorney-General. It can afford neither pleasnot be dimined during their continu

ure nor profit to wage war with this man. In order ance in office, the underligned, afier the

to gain a complete victory over him, it is only necesmoft deiiberate confideration, are compel sar; to hold him up toʻpublic view-to exhibit him Ied to represent it as their opinion, that the as he is. The people, if correctly informed, will rights secured to them by the conllitution, never fail to judge correctly. as members of the judiciai department, In December, 1798, the General Assembly of have been inpaired.

Virginia passed sundry intammatory resolutions, in With this sincere convi&ion, and influ which the Alien aud Sedition Laws were pointedly enced by a fenle of public duy, they mod condemned- the Sedition Lis in particular---" berefpe&uly requelt of Congress to review “ cause (said the resoluun) it is levelled against the existing laws whicly respect the officers " the right of fieev exilintiring public characters and in question, and to detine the duties to be ineasures, and of free communication among the pertormed by the under figned, by such pro people thereon, which has ever been justly dcem. visious as this!! be confiitent with the con.

" ed the most effectual guardian of every other right.” ftitution, and the convenient adininiftration These resolutions were sent to the legislatures of the oljufice.

several states for their concurrence. Those states The right of the undersigned to their generally, in which democratic principles prepo.idecompensations, the y Gincerely believe to be rated, gave them their hearty approbation. fecured by the conftitution, not with and In January, 1800, the Virginia Assembly receiving any modification of the judicial de ed and approved the report of the committee to pariment, which, in the opinion of Con. whom was committed the proceedings of sundry gress, public convenience may recom

states in answer to the above-mentioned resolutions. mend. This righ, however, involving a This report was printed and circulated; together personal intereft, will be cheerfully sub.

with the instructions of the Assembly to the Sena. mitted to judicial examination and decir

tors in Congress from Virginia, concerning the Se. ion in such manner as the wisdom aud im

dition Act, &c. If the circular ion of this pamphlet partiality of Congress may prescribe.

had been confined to the state of Virginia alone, ir


not, perhaps, have claimed a moment's atten. tion here ; and there certainly could not, in that case, have been any propriety in declaring that our Attorney-General approved of and adopted the sentiments contained in it : But we have to inform the reader that Mr. Spencer was at part of the expence of having that pamphlet re printed and circulated in this state.* It becomes our duty, therefore, to contrast its leading principles, with those by which Mr. Spencer not affects to be governed.

Of the freedom of the Press, the report speaks in the following manner :

* The freedom of the press under the common law, is, in the defences of the

Sedirion act, inade to consist in an ex. " emption from all previous restraint on

printed publications, by persons author. “ ized to inspect and prohibit them. It

appears to the committee, that this idea " of the freedom of the press, can never “ be admitted to be the American idea of “ it : Gimce a law infli&ing penalties on

printed publications, would have a lim.

ilar effect with a law authorizing a pre66 vious restraint on them. It would seem " a mockery to say, that no law should “ be passed, preventing publications from

being made, but that laws might be pas. “ sed for punishing them in case they or should be made.'

After showing the essential difference between the British government, and the American consti. tutions, the report pointedly adds-

“ The security of the freedom of the press, requires that it ihonld be exempt

not only from previous retraint by the “ executive, as in Great Britain ; but

from legislative restraint also ; and this exemption, to be effettual, must be an exemption, not only from the previ.

ous inspection of licencers, but froin “ the SUBSEQUENT PENALTY OF


“ The state of the press, therefore, un" der the common law, cannot in this

point of view, be the standard of its " freedom in the United States."

Let the reader bear in mind, that the man who but about three years ago, lent his aiii in propag. ting the above sentimenis; is the same Attorner. General, who now carries on a prosecution against the junior editor of this paper, under the most rigo. rous construction of the common law. Yes ! strange as it may seem, the same man, who so lately de. clared, in effect, that the common law idea of the liberty of the press, could never be admitted in A. merica ; who declared also, that the press ought to be exempt, not only from previous restraints, but from the subsequerit penalty of laws, has now the unblushing impudence to aitempt (under the autherity of the common law

of England which declares truth to be a libel) to subject a prin. ter to PENALTIES!! Here is much room for reflection : Bui, we proceed with the report :-

“ Without scrutinising minutely into " all the provisions of the Sedition act, it

bar room




" will be sufficient to cite so much of sec* tion 2, as follows : And be it further * enacted, that if any person shall write print, utter or publish, or Jhall cause ** or procure to be written, printed, utiersi ed or published, or shall knowingly and

willingly ait or aid in writing, printing, uttering or publishing, any false, scandalous and malicious writing or * writings against the government of the ** United States, or either house of the

Congress of the United States, or the

President of the United States, with an intent to defame the said government,

or either house of the said Congress, or " the President, or to bring them, or ei« ther of them into contempt or difre" repute ; or to excite against them, or either, or any of them, the hatred of

the good people of the United States, 81. Then such person, being thereof * convilled before any court of the Unit** ed States, having jurisdiction thereof,

fhall be punished ly a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars, and by im. prisonment not exceeding two years.”

“ On this part of the act the following * observations present themselves.

" 1. The constitution supposes that the " President, the Congress, and each of its * houses, may not disciarge their trusts,

s either from defect of judgment, or oth" er causes. Hence they are all made

refponible to their constituents, at the * returning periods of election, and the “ President, who is singly entrusted with

very great powers, is, as a further guard, subjected to an intermediate impeach

And it cannot be avoided, that those the constitution) that the President and Congress, “ who are to apply the remedy' must feel, « from defect of judginent, or other causes," might “ in some degree, a contempt or hatred discharge their trusts." They thought it against the transgressing party."

extremely "natural and proper," therefore, that the " It is obvious, that the intent to de said President and Congress “ should be brought “ fame or bring into contempt or disre. into contempt and disrepute, and incur the latred os puie, or hatred, which is made a

of the people.” They believed that this contemp, “ dition of the offence created by the act ; and disrepute, and hatred, could only be excited bo “ cannot prevent its pernicious influence “ free examination,” and “free communication"

on the freedom of the press. For omit. among the people. They considered it as the duty

ting the enquiry, how far the malice of of every “ intelligent and faithful citizen," to "pro" the intent is an interence of the law mulge freely.” such TRUTHS or FALSHOODS " from the mere publication, it is mani. as would end to create such « contempt or hatred

festly impossible to punish the intent to against the transgressing party." --- And they, with “ bring thole who administer the govern. one accord, declared, that the Sedition Law, which “ ment into disrepute or contempt, with punished the publisher of falsboods concerning the “ out striking at the right of freely discus government, was an alarming infraction of their “ fing public characters and measures : rights---(their right of telling falskouls!) It is not “ because thole who engage in such dis surprizing, that the men who held such an unfav. cussions, must expect and intend to ex

orable opinion of the Sedition Law, should also dis. si cite these unfavorable sentiments, so far approve of the common law. Neither is it surpri" as they may be thought to be deferved. zing that our Attorney-General should concur with " To prohibit therefore the intent to ex them in all their sentiments, and adopt them as his “ cite 'those unfavourable sentiments a own. But it is really astonishing that he should,

gainst those who administer the govern after the adoption and promulgation of such senti. “ ment, is equivalent to a prohibition of ments, become the pretended avenger of the Wrongs " the actual excitement of them, is e. of the Press-that he should attempt to erect a bar“ quivalent to a prohibition of discussions rier around the government, to prevent the scrutiny

having that tendency and effect; which, of investigation that he should endeavor to shield “ again, is equivalent to a protection of our rulers from the « free examination" of the peo, " those who adininifter the government, ple, by the provision of a tyrannical Common Law ;

if they should at any time deserve the and that he should now exclaim against that licencontempt or hatred of the people, a riousness, which he once declared to be “ natural ""gainit being exposed to it, by free ani. and proper."-But, let it be considered, that the « madversions on their characters and con. powa upicin, bree years since, was in the hands “ duct. Nor can there be a doubt, il of the fcderailts, is now in possessio:1 of the demo. " those in public trust be shielded by pen. “ al laws from such stri&tures of the press GP We made a trifling omission in copying the " as may expose them to contempt and Sedition Law into our last. But the same pas. “ difrepute, or hatred, where they may sage is correctly inserted in this number. “ delerve it, that in exact proportion as

they may deserve to be exposed, will be “ the certainty and criminality of the in" tent to expose them, and ine vigilance

A facetious writer, some years ago, in a Dedham “ of prosecuting and punishing it ; NOR

paper, Massachusetts, remarked ;- The French А DOUBT, THAT A GOVERN. seem resolved to make Spain pass through the rev. * MENT THUS INTRENCHED IN. olutionary grist-mill. There will be much bran ! * PENAL STATUTES, AGAINST

If Portugal should be.ground, the millers expect to

take great toll. The mill for America is expected THE JUST AND NATURAL EF

to be a saw mill. If the French should get the Flor. " FECTS OF A CULPABLE AD. idas and Louisiana, they will take Georgia and Tena "MINISTRATION, WILL EASILY

nessee for what we call slabs, or the outside of the EVADE THE RESPONSIBILITY || 1os. But New England, the heart of the oaks (he

observed) is too tough to be split." " WHICH IS ESSENTIAL TO A FAITHFUL DISCHARGE OF ITS

The French saw mill, that has been constructed

for the United States, is now in motion ; and unDUTY."

less the most vigourous effurts be used to obstruct These were the sober, serious, deliberate senti.

its wheels, it will speedily cut asunder the union.

It will quickly cut off the outside, Georgia and the ments of the august assembly of the state of Vir.

Western territory, as slabs, and will then gradualginia, at a time when the government of the United ly proceed toward the heart of the timber. Indeed States was administered by federalists. That the even in New-England, there is some timber so punky

that the French saw might easily pass through Virginia democrats should, at such a time, under

it, particularly the little state of Rhode Island; but such circumstances, entertain such sentiments, is

it is so puny and lies so remote withal from the saw not surprising, Their political opponents held the mill.that an attempt to sunder it from the solid oak, reins of power. The President was not a native

with which it is surrounded, would, like the Indian's of the “ ancient dominion.” A majority of both

guil, cost more than it would come to. houses of Congress were friends of the President

A circumstance that promises success to this

French saw mill, is, that Bonaparte, the proprietor, and his measures. These watchful guardianns of

will probably dispose of some shares in his parent the people's rights, therefore, were unaccountably to a number of enterprising characters in this coun. tormented by jealousy. They supposed, (as well as try:


* ment.


2. Should it happen, as the Conflitu. " tion supposes it may, happen, that either * of these branches of the government,

may not have duly discharged its trust; " it is natural and proper that according " to the cause and degree of their faults, si they should be brought into contempt “ or disrepure, and incur the batred of “ the people.

3. Whether it has, in any cale, hap. " pened that the proceedings of either, or " all of those branches, evinced such a " violation of duty as to justify a con“ tempt, a disrepute or hatred among the “ people, can only be determined by a " free examination thereof, and a free " communication among the people there

4. Whenever it may have actually happened, that proceedings of this fort " are cha geable on all or either of the “ branches of the government, it is the “ duty as well as right of intelligent and “ faithful citizens, to discuss and pro" mulge them freely, as well to controul " them by the censorship of the public o“ pinion, as to promote a remedy accord. “ ing to the rules of the constitution,

** on.

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