better reason appeared in favor of the ref We have been told that a Treaty when different occasions. I never noticed it, olution, I had determined to vote for it. proclaimed by the President is the supreme because it appeared to carry with itself At present my opinion is clear and decid. law, and that the previous affent of the sufficient evidence of its falacy ; but since ed -The conviction has been produced by Senate cannot be enquired into. Gracious it is now again produce, it may be well the arguments of those who oppose the rel God! And is it come to this, that the to give it one moment's notice. A right olution, These contain the most mon Proclamations of our President shall be the to examine whether we agree to a certain strous system of tyranny that ever, I be. supreme law of the land ? That we must refclution, implies, it seems, a right to lieve, was broughi before a national af. submit to it without enquiry ? And how is controui our condut. It may be a quessembly. Permit me 1o notice a few of this monitrous doctrine supported? Why tion, in an indurance cause, whether damthe itrange positions which we have just we are told that because it is not proper in ages was sustained by a violent wind at hcard.

the cale of a common Statute to examine fea. Does the examination into that fact It has been faid. by a gentleman from the Journals of the two Houses for the imply a right to command the winds and

. Georgia on my righ, (Gen. Jackson) that purpele of knowing whether the aflent of the leas? Does the enquiry whether a ship an extract from our Exccutive Journal examine the executive journal of the Sen

each was given, there!ore we must not has perished in the storm, imply the right Thould not be given to a suitor in one of

to correct and controul the Almighty ruler ate to know whether two thirds of the of iterms ? our courts, because it may contain matter to support an impeachment against the members present advised and contented to

We have been told by the member last President, which impeachment is to be tried

the ratification of a Treaty. But are these

But are thefel up, from Georgia, that ihe evidence asked before us; and therefore we, being judges,

cases at all fimilar ? The law is figned by for by the petitioners is useless, because, should not also become parties, by turnih.

the President of the United States, the Prei. l although the Senate may have approved ing evidence. And yet the same gentleman ident of the Senate, and the Speaker of the of them as officers, upon the Prefident's has told us, that upon the demand of the

House. It contains therefore the best nomination, yet it was in the discretion of other House, who according to him have

evidence in the nature of things, that the the President to make or omit the appointa right to demand every thing) we are

full ailent required by the Constitution ment, which alone could conter a right. bound to furnith this very evidence, it they

has been given. But is this the case with That gentleman leems to be perfectly acrequire it, for the purpose of bringing and

a treaty ? No. The evidence of the con quainted with the cause which is dependmaintaining an impeachment. Thus we fent of this Senate appears only by '

extrali ing. He knows precilely what prool is mult withhold from a fellow citizen the

from their minutes, made out by their needful for the profecutor ; and deeming evidence needful to support his right, be.

Secretary. And shall this preclude the that which he alks for to be insufficient, Caule it may furnish ground for impeach | enquiry whether in effect that aflent was thinks proper to refuse it. ment, although no question of impeach. given which your Secretary has certifi- || It appears to me, fir, that this Senate mentexia. This too, it feems, is required led ?

is not the proper tribunal, either to examby the impartiality which we thould øre. We have been told by gentlemen, who

ine ihe merits of the cause, or ihe validity forve as Judges, before whom ftich pedible I seem to know all the merits of the cafe

& weight of evidences. These are the propinpeachment may be tried ; but wliere which is before the court, that the dignity

er subjects of enquiry elsewhere. If we there is a queit:on of impeachment, and of the President is involved in it. For adopt the gentleman's realoning, however, where we are in fear the judges, then, my own part I know nothing of the case,

we prejudge the cause; and I shall be glad to footh, on the deinand of the other neither do I wish to know, for I have no

to know, it this practice be adopted, what House, we are bound io furnish tha: evi- | authority to try it. But the gentlemen

case can exist in which a like refusal may dence which we are bound now to withi say the dignity of the President is involv.

not be made. A client is advised by his bold. ed, and that we are in duty bound to pro

counlel to apply to us for evidence in our We have been told, that the executive eli lis dignity. But how ? What have

power, as needful to lupport his rights

We refuse, becaule, in our opinion, that ollicers are all dependent on the Chief, and the petitioners asked ? They have asked act under his directions; that therefore his the evidence of a lie. And how aje we

evidence is not alone {uficient. dignity is implicated in their acts.---And to porcet the Presideni's dignity? By

But the same gentleman has told us be consequently the conduct or there arents withholding that evidence. And are gen.

would not eftablish any general precedent. maust not be ancilioneri, leit bis dignity be tlemen then od opinion that a disclosure of

He would always judge of the particular inpaivert What broader lhield can be in. facis will impa ribe dignity of our First | circunstance; and under the particular cir. berposed to the ter the agents of executive | Magistrate ? Sir, I have no such appre

cumítances of this case, he would withauthority ? 120w co's they be more conhension. I trust that our Pielideni has

hold the evidence asked for. But will not tett ily guarded agaiiii ail investigation ? | arted properly, and that a full enquiry in

this eftablish a general precedent ? How We are further toll, that acondeinnation

io facis must redound to his honour. are precedents ellablıthed ? Is it usual for of these agas must all-êt the dignity of

Those who offer this resolution, seem to judges to make decisions for the special our First Viagistrate. Mult it indeed?

But I ask, are they pre-purpose of becoming prece lents No And is therefore no profecution to be li pared by their vote to declare that injuri

pared by their vote to declare that injuri- || such thing. They give judgment in a made; is no condemnation to take place ? ous opinion ? Is there a gentleman in this

case which comes before them, and that This is indeed the golden chain let down fenate who, when the yeas and nay's are judgment becomes a precedent for (ubfe

quent cases turning upon the same prinfrom Jove to bind the earth in vallalase. I called, will record bis opinion, that, the

ciple. Thall be glad to know then, 'how And what becomes of our President's digni- || dignity of our President can only be pretv under this strange doétrine. A fub. served by withholding the evidence of

a distinction is hereafter to be taken be. tacts ?

tween this and other cases. Here is a luit ordinate agent abuses his trust, vio

pending in a court of juftice, and one of lates his duty, and is guilty of mal! We have been told, Sir, by an honour. pra&tice; he is arraigned, and becauseable member from Kentucky, (Mr. Breck- which he is advised is material to establith

the parties applies for a piece of evidence in culprit is convicted and condemned, is enridge, that a right to examine implies his right--you refuse it. When in anotl.. the dignity of Covernment therefore vio. Il right to correct and controul. This prop er caute, another party fall apply, on

ohtion has been frequently advanced on what ground will ycu grant that which you

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now refuse? Will you again prejudge the are open to conviction, because it will afford them cause, and give them the proof because you a fair opportunity to discover the flimsy texture of deem it fufficient to carry the cause.

that cloak of hypocrisy, which demagogues have Mr. President, one word more on that put on to cheat the multitude, and further their unity of the Executive which the gentle

own ambitious views. man last up is so much attached to. AI. The Sedition Law (so called) was passed by though I have already spoken longer than

Congress on the 14th day of July, 1793, and that I intended, I must pray one moment's at

part of it which relates to libels, is in the following tention. That honorable gentleman thinks

words, viz :

" Be it enacted, Sc. That if any person shall there should be a perfect unity in the exec.

write, print, ntter or publish, or shall cause or proutive power. The division of it is incon.

cure to be written, prin:ed, uttered or published, or histent with his ideas of good government, shall knowingly and willingly assist or aiit in writing, and therefore, he would admit of no en. printing, wtrering or publishing any FALSE, quiry as to facts which may have happen. I writings against the government of the United

SCANDALOUS and MALICIOUS writing or ed in the course of Executive volition, but States, or either house of the Congress of the Unigive full credit to the commissions and ted Siares, or the president of the United States, proclamations of the President. Tocfe i

with intent to defame the said government, or either

house of the said Congress, or the said president, deas, sir, confft well with monarchic in.

or to bring them, or either of them, into contempt ftitution. Our fovereign lord the king, is or either or any of them, the hatred of the good indeed pofTe sled of the fulness of executive

people of the United States, or to stir up sedition

within the United States ; or to excite any unlaw. power, and may exercise it at his pleasure ;

ful combinations therein, for opposing or resisting but as to our lovreign lord the President, any law of the United States, or any act of the the cale is widely different. The Ameri.

The Ameri-l president of the United States, done in pursuance of can Constitution laas given to this Senate a

any such law, or of the powers in him vested by the

constitution of the United States ; or to resist, opwholesome check upon his sovereign will. pose, or defeat any such law or act ; or to aid, en. But according to the doctrine which gen courage or abet any hostile designs of any foreign tlemen now advance, this check is nu nation against the United States, their people or

government, then such person, being thereof con. gatory. Neither the people, nor the courts

vicieel b: fore any court of ihe United States having ihall question his commillions nor his jurisdiction thereof, shall be punished by a fine not proclamations. His commillions, it seenis, exceeding two thousand dollars, and bý imprisonconfer compleat authority ; his proclama

ment nor exceeding two years.

A'd be it fur.ber enciclei and declare!, That if tions are the supreme law ; he may form

any person shall be prosecuted under this act, for what leagues he pleases with foreign pow. the writing or publishing any libel aforesaid, it shall ers, and when he shall proclaim thea, we de la rful for the defendant, upon the trial of the

CA!!!, toe m evidence in his defence, THE are held to implicit obedience. Tonicle

TRLTH OF THE MATTER contained in the doctrines, fir, I take Icave to encr my publication charged as a libel. And the jury who diffent. I cope that when the rights of A. shall try the cause, shall have a right to determine merican citizens are invadou, not only the

tbe law and the fact, under the direction of the

court, as in other cases." Supreme Court of the United States, but

This la' has been honored with the curses and the County Court of the most remote district will dae to examine, to judge, and execrations of democrats, and with the approbation

and support of ferleralists. Persons, regardless of to redress. I hope this Senate will never

truth, honor or honesty, have stiled it ihe

gag by an admission of such base and ilavish

law.”, Democratic printers have, a thousand times, doctrines, surrender the authorities contor

falsely declared, that it prevented the publication of red on them by our Constitution.

truth; and that it was passed for the express pır. they will ever be ready to aid she cause of

pose of silencirig the just censures of the people ; freedom and jufice-and in this hope, I

and of shielding the conduct of the federal gover. shail give my vote for the resolution on

ment from scrutiny.-Reader, cast your eye once
more over this law. Search it-sift it down to the
very bottom, and discover, if you can, any thing
like a restraint on the genuine liberty of the press.

In what part of it will you find any such restraint ?
Balance Closet.

In that part which forbids the publication of any


LIBEL? We trust not. Do you expect to find

it in that part which gives any person prosecuied No. II.

under the act a right “ to give in evidence in his PURSUANT to the plan proposed in our last, defence, the TRUTH OF THE MATTER conwe shall now lay before our readers that Sedition tained in the publication charged as a libel ?" Cer. Law, concerning which so much has been said and tainly not. Then, indeed, you must search in vain written ; accompanied with a concise and correct for it. view of the Common Law against Libels, under Leaving the further discussion of this point to which the Junior editor of this paper has recently some future numbers, we proceed to the Common been indicred. We crave the serious attention of Law against Libels :the honest and candid of all parties ;-of federalists, “ With regard to libels in general, (says Blackbecause it will give them additional reason to feel

stone) there are, as in many other cases, two remproud of their principles ; and of such democrats as

edies ; one by indictment, and another by action.
The former for the public offence ; for every libel

has a tendency to break the peace, or provoke others to break it: which offence is the same whether the matter contained be TRUE or FALSE ; and therefore the defendant, on an indictment for pub. lishing a libel, is not allowed to alledge the TRUTH of it by way of justification.

• The communication of a libel to any one person (says the same commentator) is a publication in the eye of the law : and therefore the sending an abusive private letter to a man is as much a libel as it it were openly printed, for it equally tends to a breach of: he peace. For the same reason it is im. material with respect to the essence of a libel, whether the matter of it be TRUE or FALSE ; since the provocation, and not the falsity, is the thing to be punished criminally : though, doubtless, the falshood of it may aggravate its guilt, and enhance its punishment. In a civil acrion, we may remember, a libel must appear to be false, as well as scandalous ; for, if the chargc be true, the plaintiff has received no private injury, and has no ground to demand a compensation for himself, whatever offence it

may be against the public peace : and, therefore, upon a civil action, the truth of the accusation may be pleaded in bar of the suit. But in a criminal prosecution, the tendency which all libels have to create animosities, and to disturb the public peace, is the sole consideration of the law. And there. fore, in such prosecutions, the only points to be considered are, first, the making or publishing of the book or writing ; and, secondly, whether the matter be criminal : and, if both these points are against the defendant, the offence against the public is complete. The punishment of such libellers, for either making, repeating, printing, or publishing the libel, is fine, and such corporal punishment as the court in its DISCRETION sball inflict ; regarding the quantity of the offence, and the quality of the oflender."

“ It seems to be clearly agreed (says Lord Bacon) that in an indictment or criminal prosecution for a libel, the party cannot justify that the contents thereof are TRUE, or that the person upon whom it is made had a bad reputation ; since the greater appeararite theic is of truth in any malicious invective, so much the more provoking it is."

" There can be no doubt but that a person who writes or publishes a libel is subject to the action of the party injured, in which damages shall be recovered; and thar being convicted on an indictment or information, sball pay such firie, anıt also suffer such corporal punishment, as to the court, in DISCRETION, sball seein proper, according to the heinousness of the crime and the circumstances of the of. fender."

Other authorities might be quoted, but these are deemed suficient to explain the common law principle ; and who, on a fair and impartial investigation, will have the impuderce to say, that the Sedition Law was not an amelioration of the Common Law ? By the first, FALSE, scandalous and malicious libels alore, were punishallemand for these the degree of punishment was limited. According to the latter, TRUTH irself is a Livel, for the publishing of which, a printer is subject to tine and corporal punishment, limited only by the discretion of a court.

It may be answered, that Mr. Attorney-General Spencer, having granted liberty to the junior editor to prove the truth of the charges stated in one* of the indictments, the Common Law is thus placed precisely on a footing with the Sedition Law. This sounds uell ;“ but (to use the language of the Attorney. General himself) when closely inspected, it will prove to be a mere Jack o' th’ Wisp, calculated to bewilder the judgnient and lead it into error."We shall speak more explicitly on this head, when we come to treat particularly of Mr. Spencer's conduct.

I hop

your table.

* Two indictments were found.

time, he is vexed and tormented, with Giftible force and fury.-Can any thing. pitchy clouds of smoke, infesting and tar then, be more imprudent, more absurd, nishing his rooms, and, at beft, filling his

more akin to madness, than to crowd tochimneys with foot ; and thus exposing gether wooden houses, especially in plahis house to fire.

ces where incombustible and durable maIt is necessary, however, to remark that terials for building may be easily ob

tained ? wood, which lies seasoning a long time, especially in the open air, loses, together As this subject is of great importance, with its watery particles, a considerable I shall bestow upon it lome further rea portion of its oil, and so becomes less marks.

B. valuable for fuel. It should therefore be neither used green, nor be suffered to lie very long in (casoning, unless under cov. eri


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OOD seems to be composed, in a great measure, of water, air, oil, salts, and earth. Accordingly, when it is con.

miscellany. suming by fire, air is emitted from it, and its watery particles afcend in a vapour of

FOR THE BALANCE. fmoke : at the same time, the oily part

Columbian Congress. feeds the flame ; while the salts and the

TO THE CITIZENS OF HUDSON. carthy particles, in the decomposition of the wood by fire, become ashes.

" OPPRESSED HUMANITY." Hickery or Walnut, containing a much

S a considerable number of larger proportion of oil, and perhaps a houses will probably be erected in this

To the Senate and House of Representatives smaller proportion of watery fluid, than

of the United States, the Memorial of most other kinds of wood, burns freely growing little place during the current

year, you will permit me to call your at the Aliens inhabitants of when green. A very large proportion of

tention to the importance and absolute ex. RESPECTFULLY SHEWETH : most kinds of green wood, especially if | pedience of building, as far as may be That your memorialists, during the last cut in spring or summer, is water ; and

practicable, with incombustible and dura. session of Congress, took the liberty of when one attempts to burn wood, in this

ble materials. Abstracted from the con l' addresling you, entreating a repeal of the condition, it smoulders and emis a thick

fideration of the awful danger of fire, to then existing naturalization law. and offensive smoke ; nor does it receive which a wooden town is peculiarly expo That whilst your memorialists feel the the flame or yield heat, till is watery. par sed, it is bad economy to ere& houses of deepest and most grateful sense of your ticles, have, in a mcasure, palled off in this wood, in places where stone and brick are

wisdom and goodnels, in repealing the most finoky vapour.

easily attainable. The exterior parts of oppreflive of the disabilities of that severe Doctor Williams, the learned and in- || wooden houses, constantly either imbib.

act ; they cannot, in juslice to themselves, genious author of the history of Vermont, || ing or evaporating moisture ;-exposed refrain from deferentially exprelling their mentions in that history, that “ a man alternately to snows, rains, dews, and to

regret, that the prelent law should, to lo much employed in making maple fugar. | the beams of the fun ; must soon yield | high a degree, tend to prevent them from found that for twenty four days together, || (unless well replenished with oil) to the

enjoying the benefits of the constitution. ore of the maple trees which he tended, I correding and putrid influenee of this vi.

That your Memorialists submit the cir. discharged seven gallons and an half each cillitude of weather — They shortly begin cumstances under which those of them, day : and that a large birch which was tapto need expensive repairs; and, in less

residing here from the summer of 1798, red in the spring, ran at the rate of five than half a century, must be removed and until the spring of 1801, were placed. Sallons an hour when first tapped.”. replaced with new buildings.

Every alien distinguished for his attachSeveral kinds of trees, which are com

But there, however important in them ment to the principles of liberty, was incef

selves, are comparatively but inconfidera-l fantly abused in the papers countenanced mouly used for fuel, contain perhaps near. ly as much fluid as the sugar maple and

ble objects. Every other consideration is the administration then in power. The

abforbed by the frightful apprehension of American minister at St. James's notified we birch. Hence is seen the ablurdity of ielling trees when they are tullelt of sap, I the inhabiters of wood-built houses, closethat imminent jeopardy from fire, to which in the name of his government, that the

Iriíh state prisoners would not be permitted and using them immediately in fire-wood:

to reside in this country-And the British and itill more absurd it is to carry such ly compacted together, are perpetually ex

government made this the pretext for degreen wood to market . Every hall cord posed. A general conflagration, in a com

taining them in dungeons for the space of of green wood, that has been cut down in pact town, presents a {cene of indescri.

bable horror ; and people, by erecting spring or summer, contains a barrel or

four years, in open violation of a solemn and compacting together houses of wood, more of water or fluid ; and it would be,

compact. The presidency was at that in that proportion, lighter, if this fluid

are piling up combustibles for such a tre time in the hands of a man notoriously

mendous event. Wooden houses, in this hoftile to aliens of Republican principles were evaporated, or the wood seasoned.

part of the country where the air is much -And the President was authorised by On the other hand, the buyer, with ev. more drying, than it is near the shores of law, to banih any alien at his pleasure ; ery large load of such wood, purchases a che Atlantic, are, at some seasons of the without trial and without appeal.-Under barrel of water, which he is glad to dif. year, a kind of tinder. A single spark | these circumstances your candour will alcharge into the atmosphere, by seasoning might enkindle among them a fire, that low, that an alien-rehdent could have lit. the wood over the coals ; and, in the mean would roll its horrible torrents, with irre. tle inducement to declare his intention of

becoming a citizen : For by so doing, he || founded; are not likely to be undeserving

founded; are not likely to be undeserving | citizens, and not consume our time in alplaced his name on a list of proscription, of the trust and of the functions of cit tempting to satisfy people who, it would and subjected himself to banifhment, at the lized hip.

seer, can never be fatisfied. I hope we arbitrary will of an individual.

Your Memorialists farther beg leave to shall turn a deaf ear 10 this petition and put That your Memorialists do moft rel.

adduce the example of the enlightened a stop to the business. peatfully presume to suggest to the wisdom State in which they have the happiness to Mr. Smilie hoped the motion would and justice of Congress, that the poorest | live, as well as of the others which were prevail. He thought that so much respect emigrant that arrives here, has a property

the mildest in their laws and most liberal at least ought to be paid to the petition as to in his life, in his liberty, and in his labour; in their institutions respecting foreigners. commit it, even though the house should and is as liable to the laws as the richest It is believed that they are not inferior in not find time to act upon it at the present citizea. That to tax him, imprison him, | attachment to the American Union, in mor session. He was the more of ihis opinion or put him to death, by laws, in the fram- als, in freedom, in arts, industry, or prof.

als, in freedom, in arts, industry; or prof- from his knowledge that a great number of ing of which he was not represented, is to perity to any of their Sister States. In similar memorials would be presented from exercise against him an act of tyranny. I the rapid increase of population, which af. the aliens of Pennsylvania and New York. That though this doctrine, viewed in the fords strength and security to your young Mr. Griswold wilhed that the beginning abftra£t, is found, and though the venerated enviable form of government they are the of the memorial might be read again. It example of America, who justified her | foremost. For by their constitutions, the

foremoft. For by their constitutions, the he understood it corre&tly, it contained refillance to Britain on this precise footing, stranger of good conduct, after two years some indecent and unbecoming expreso gives it fanétion-Yet your Memorialists | residence was to be a citizen ; and in ihese fons. are : ware that in the internal regulations of he then hoped to find a home.

Part of the memorial was again read. States, it may-nay, ought, to be subject Spain funk by the expulsion of the Mr. Bayard agreed with the gentleman to some modification.

Moors. France expelled the Huegonots, || trom Kentucky (Mr. Davis.) He thought That your Memorialists with all due and England and Ireland established their it quite fufficient to permit the memorial to

al. submillion, conceive, that society would staple manufa&ture. Encourage your lie on the table, He did not know that to be sufficiently preserved, by admitting such

iens, you will have the arts and manufac. efer the memorial to a fele&t committee Alien to immediate enfranchisement, as tures of Europe--neglect us we suffer, but would be treating it with respect. He did adduced fatisfactory proofs of pure moral || you are not served.

20t believe that the house would be able to character-evidence of having paid taxes Your Memorialists, therefore pray, that act upon the subject during the present towards the support of government, and of you may, in your wisdom and goodness, | fefsion, nor did he deem it necessary. The attachment to its form; with a renunciation admit to citizenthip those who are now law was last session reviled by a committee of his allegiance to any other And a dec excluded by default, on account of not consisting of the friends of aliens-by this laration of his intention of permanently re having made a declaration, three years

he meant, those who professed themselves fiding in this country. previously, of their intention. And that

the friends of aliens-The measures recomThat while your memorialists glory in you may restore the time of two years ref mended by that committee were adopted. the privilege of thus speaking to the great

idence specified by the law originally en. This, ke thought, ought to fatisly thein. Council of the nation of their rights as

acted to establish an uniform rule of natur Mr.' Bayard made some general remarks men, they would not, merely on these alization.

upon the impolicy of admitting aliens imrights however sacred, reft their cause or

mediately to the riglits of citizenship. He their claims. They would appeal to your HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

was afraid that by extending those rights justice and to your policy, as well as to

indiscriminately to all persons who may their rights.

choose to come to our country we shall Your memorialists believed that a con.

uncitizenize ourselves. Under the laws

Mr. Smilie presented a memorial [in form siderable majority of their number might as above] from the aliens residing in

already exitling, aliens are permitted to without regard to abstract right, lay their Chelter County, in the state of Pennsyl

hold property real and personal-are effec. claim on plighted faith. This majority

tually protected in their persons and propvania. are the natives of Ireland-an ill.jtarred Mr. Smilie moved that the memorial be

erty, and enjoy all the benefits of citizens country, to whose inhabitants Navery was referred to a select cominittee.

except the right of interfering in our elec, more intolerable, after seven hundred years


Mr. Davis hoped it would be permitted of diversified crucliies and oppressions ; to lie on the table. He thought that def

He could not think it proper to admit because they ftill retain a love for, and still cription of people was becoming extremely | ftrangers, ignorant of our government and could appreciate the value of freedom.- troublesome. Great pains had been taken | laws, bringing from their respective counCongrels, struggling for independence, to satisty that class of men : An act was tries political opinions & prejudices incon. condoled with them :-warmly acknowl passed at the last session for the sole purpose liftent with our institutions, to intermeddie edged the services of Irish patriots to the of their accomodation-yet they are not with our public concerns till time should cause of Humanity and America:" eagerly satisfied. I think it time to turn a deaf ear be given for them to become acquainted. inviced them to partake of their country to those importunities, and put an end to For that purpose he thought the time at and of their success; and the countrymen them. A great portion of the time of the present allowed fufficiently short. He of Montgomery, have never by their conduct house was last year consumed upon the

was not therefore disposed to take up the in war, or their votes in peace, proved un: || subject. Such provision was made as was

time of the house with the subject. worthy of the blessing.

thought proper and reasonable, and I am Mr. Smilie apprehended no danger to the That your Memorialists respe&tfully not now disposed to take

the business

government from the admission of aliens to appealing to the policy of the measure, re-l again. If we should make a law that these ihe rights of citizendhip. There are, per

queft leave to observé, that those who have aliens might become citizens the next day haps, a greater number of aliens in Penn. Jacrificed their

country and all the charities, after their arrival, they would then petitionsylvania, than in any other state, and he which render country dear to man, for the || tor fomething else.

for something else. We ought to attend | Thought the politics of that late to be perprinciples on which your constitution is to the righis and the claims of our own l fe&tly found.

February 7.

The question was taken on refering the || edged that soine parts of the memorial con thought it ought to be remembered that the memorial to a select committee and lost, tained very unadvised expressions ; but feelings of those people had been severely ayes 33, noes 49.

there were parts which in his opinion de. wounded; that they were cruelly and inju.

served attention. He hoped, therefore, || riously treated under the former adminis

February 8. that it would be committed in order that tration and under the alien law. Further Mr. Leib this morning presented a peti such parts as are proper might be consider. I he believed that everything which the tion from the aliens resident at Carlisle in ed.

memorialists had flated was strictly true, Pennsylvania, in the same words as the one Mr. S. would not question the fincerity though it was not proper for them to ex. presented' yeiterday by Smilie.

of the remark of the gentleman from press that truth. They were abused under While the memorial was reading,

Mafsachusetts (Mr. Thatcher that he the former administration--they were put Mr. Davis rose and said he hoped the would equally oppose an insult to the pre out of the protection of the law and made reading would be dispensed with, and that fent adminiftration : Though Mr. Smith liable to banishment without trial or hearthe house would go to other business.. He faid he would not forget that, during the ing. did not think it the duty of the house to sit || present session, that gentleman had, by his Mr. Elmer was opposed to the comunitand hear such complaints and even revi. vote, declared that he has no confidence in ment--ot only on account of the inde. lings from worthless and discontented men that administration-a declaration, in his cency of the memorial, which, in his oof that description. They are not, said he, | opinion, much more insulting than any | pinion contained expressions very unteindustrious and respectable men, but tur thing contained in the memorial of the coming in aliens, but because the subject bulent foreigners who have no title to be aliens. He confidered the conduct of the had already been alied upon by the prelent thus troublesome. I do not think that we house towards the memorial presented yel- | Congress at the laft session. are under any obligation to liiten to such || terday as altogether unusual and unexam. Mr. Nicholson did not recollect ever to. indecency coming from such men. pled.

have voted against the reference of any meMr. Leib conlented to dispense with the As to the memorial of a late officer of the morial or petition until the one which was reading and hoped it would be referred to a government, to which an allusion had been presented yesterday, and of which this apiele&t committee.

made, he could never see what the object peared to be an exact transcript. He had Mr. Varnum hoped it would not be re of it was, or that it had any object, unle's voted against that because of ihe indecent ferred. He did not think it entitled to any it was that it should be printed for the use form in which it came forward. He such attention. It was evident that the of the members and thus that it should go thought that no respect or attention was memorialists were a discontented and tur forth to the world.

due io men who, not being citizens of the bulent class of men, and had taken liber. Mr. Thatcher could not understand what United States, have the effrontery to treat ties, in speaking of the authorities of the the gentleman meant by saying that those the house with so little respe&t as to come country, which he thought altogether un who wished to hear the reading of the me. forward with a declaration that a late Press becoming and indecent.

morial which had been alluded co, had no ident was hoftile to all aliens of republiMr. Thatcher was happy to find that his l object in view but to have it printed and can principles. colleague (Mr. Varnum) was disposed to given out to the world. It never was Mr. Claib:rne called for the reading of check such infolence. He thought the printed---nor did any one ask for the prin. the memorial. He was unilormly in 13memorialists paid but an ill compliment to ting of it; it was not even referred to a

vour of hearing the memorials and the the majority of that house, by supposing, || committee. that by reviling the laft adminiftration they As to the vote which he had given, and

As to the vote which he had given, and complaints of per fons who chote to address

that house, but if upon the rea:ling he fhould should curry favor wiih the present. It which had been mentioned by the gentle. find that the present memorial contained was a matter of no consequence to him man laft up, the reasons upon which he fuch expressions as had been mentioned, what administration it mighi be that might acted were given at the time.

he should vote against it. be made the object of such calumny-He that the passage of the resolution was alto.

The memorial was read, upon which Mr. would as foon oppofe such an insult offered gether extraneous, and irrelevant to the

Leib called for the yeas and nays on the to the present administration as to any for. main purpose. Another was, that it lied

qucftion. mer on

He had given bis vote against up the hands of the nation against acting the reference of the memorial offered yel. uncil the executive should think fit. He

Mr. Randolph faid as the yeas and nays terday, though he did not at that time know believed he was authorised in saying that

had been called for, and as he should vote that it was a printed paper. He now found some of the majority now regretted the in differently from what he voted yesterday, that this memorial was in precisely the same troduction of the paragraph into the resolu.

he tho't it his duty to late the reasons upon words, and it appeared to be a paper circu vion.

which he acted. He did not hear the me. lating among discontented aliens for the He hoped the house would have too

morial when it was read yesterday, otherpurpose of procuring signatures. He was much regard for its own dignity to encour

wise he should not have voted for a relersurprised to find that any gentlemen who age applicatious of the indecent nature of lence. He had no inclination to pay the had felt such great sensibility at the reading | that under consideration, and he could not least attention to a paper containing such of a memorial from one of the late officers but think it extraordinary, that a compari- l expressions as that contained and coming of the U. S:ates (Mr. M'Henry) and one son should be drawn between the votes of

from persons who have nothing to do which appeared io him perfectly decent the members of that house and the expres.

with the government. He thought it eand respectful, could liften, without indig sions contained in that memorial.

nough to be obliged to receive memorials nation to the reading of this paper coming Mr. Smilie did hope the memorial would of an intemperate nature from our citizens, from persons not even citizens of the Uni be committed. Though he yelterday fail.

and was not at all inclined to extend the ted States. He was of opinion that it ought ed he hoped to succeed to day. He indulgence to discontented and meddling not to be permitted even to lie on the ta thought some parts of the memorial deserv. persons who were not citizens. ble.

ed attention, and he would not refuse to Mr. Jones was in favour of the reference, Mr. S. Smith had never known an in listen to those parts because some other not because he approved of the language of stance where a memorial or petition that parts contained expressions which he with the memorial, for he thought it very exwas presented by an honourable member, ed had not been in it. But in extenuation ceptionable, but there was a part

of the rewas retured a commitment. He acknowl. of those unjustifiable expreslions, he quest which he thought reasonable.

One was


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