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Belling that great and good man, that de the defendant. He said it might as well writer of this holds in abhorrence the political char. parted patriot, our beloved Washington. be contended that a prosecution for a libel acter of Mr. SPENCER ; altho' he considers this at. Can the court doubt that there are libeis ? was a previous restraint on the press. He tempt as a tyrannical effort of “ a little brief au. Or can they say that the man who pub read a long paragraph from 4th Black. thority," to smother the voice of truth, and to bind lifhed them is not a libe'ler ? Or, upon fo Com. pages 151 and 152, and contended, in chains the real freedom of the press, still he must flimsy a pretext, will they lufter this ca. that from there it was clear, that Black say, that in his opinion, with the exception of a lumniator, this flanderer, this affaffin, to stone, by the words "previous restraint,' few indecent expressions, which arose from vicle: ce continue his slariderous publications. (Mr. meant only such power as could prevent

of temper, or of party spirit, this was one of Mr. WILLIAMS interrupted Mr. SPENCER. He the publication. ' If the publication was

Spencer's most ingenious speeches. It was, in demanded that the court should protect Mr. permitted, he contended that it was prop.

short, making the best of a very bad cause. After CROSWELL from the abuse of the Attor er that the publisher should be accounta

Mr. SPENCER sat down, the Juciges consulted for ney.General. Admitting the charges made ble to the law, and responsible to the pub.

a few moments on the Bench, when Judge Forn against Mr. JEFFERSON ever so false lic for the consequences of every syllable.

delivered it, as almost their unanimous opinion,* (which he denied) ftill the court could nex And whe: her he was punished for a libel,

that Mr. SPENCER sbuulu tałe ple living by his motion. er know that Mr. CROSWELL was the pub-. || by the forfeiture of his bonds, or by the This opinion, while it reflects the highest honor lisher, until he was declared so by a jury. verdict of a jury, could be of no conse on the Judges, a majoriy of whom were opposed to Mr. CROSWELL, he said, was neither a quence to the true freedom of the press or Mr. CROSWELL in political principle, we hope wil flanderer, or a calumniator. And as to the of fair discussion.

teach Mr. SPENCER an important le: 500. Ich vs term af affin, Mr. Croswell was as free from blood or crime as the man who

He denied that it curtailed the rights of

him, that our tribunals are not prepared to sacri

fice lionesty at the shrine of party spimt. It must

He said there was two kinds of would take this daftardly advantage of his jurors.

convince him that a hatever scene; cf;

f persecution facuation to abuse him with impun ty. Mr. I juftice, known in our law; the one called

and revenge may have been formel, he is yet subSPENCER explained, and said he only meant

destributive, and the other preventitive jus.
tice. Under the latter distinction fell the

ject to the control of men resolved to restrain his an affaslin of reputation.] He then quot

vindictive spirit within the bounds of reason and

He then entered into a ed 3d Burn's Justice, page 348 and 349, present motion.

justice. to the fame effect with the quotations al. long argument, to shew, that in many in

The decision of the court appeared to give general Feady given. And from the whole argu

stances, a man may, by our law, be deprived, with confiderable force and at fome

satisfaction to the numerous assembly which croud. ed of his liberty without trial by jury. He

ed the court house. Here and there a visage apJength, that a man standing indi&ted for a instanced a recognizance for the breach of

peared clouded with disappointment and anger.-libel might be bound in keep the peace the peace, where a man may be required

But the great body of the spectators, of all parties, and to be of good behaviour. to give bonds to keep the peace and be of

received the decision with evident pleasure. They good behaviour, and in case of refusal In answer to the authorities refered to

seemed to feel that justice and law, reason and lib. may be committed to gaol. He contend. by the counsel opposed to him, he leided that this was a parallel instance; and

erty, had ooce more tritumuid. that the book first introduced, called "a that it was absurd to say, that in the one digest on the law of libels," was anony.

* It is understood that Judge Hogeboom alone diz. case a man may be compelled to give bonds, mous. It was probably a fugitive catch and in the other could not ; that in the

sented. penny production of fome English Bar one case, the liberty of action might be nifter, and consequently entitled to but lit. restrained without trial by jury, and in the tie credit. As to the case from 3d Wil other the liberty of libelling could not. son's Reports, he faid it did not touch the Besides, he said, it Mr. CROSWELL was

25alance Closet.

. present question. Wilkes, he said, was a

charged with a breach of his recognizance, member of parliament, and excused on by hereafter publishing a libel, the court that account from the bonds demanded.

A PRECIOUS CONFESSION." had the power of referring that charge to a In answer to the paragraph cited from Mr. jury. And in that case, unless he Thould

Mr. Smith, in the late debate in Congress upon Fox's speech, he contended, that parlia-be convicted by a jury, his bonds would

the subject of the secret comınittee, speaking of Mr. mentary debates in 1791 could not deter. not be torteited. As to the habus corpus,

Rutledge, said, * We have taken great pains to get mine the law in this country in 1003 ; he did not deny that Mr. Croswell might the power out of the bands of that gentleman and his that, altho' Mr. Fox was a great platef | be relieved by it from these bonds, if he

be relieved by it from these bonds, if he || friends, (that is from the federalists) and to rest it man get that he was no lawyer ; that, al chose to be committed. But admitting

in our own bands." tho' be used the term “ previous restraints the supreme court would immediately dil Very well, Mr Smith ! We admirc your frank. in the form of previous sureties of any charge him, that was no rule for this

We had known before that the possession į kind for good behaviour" yet that he meant

court. This court muft exercise its own of power was the great object of the democratic only such restrictions as could prevent the discretion ; and if the gentlemen advised

leaders, but we did not expect that they would publication. their client to resort to the supreme court,

come forward and avow it. He therefore contended, that his doc

it would then be time for that court to ex The wisest measures have been vilified ; the purtrine stood unopposed by any substantial ercise their power.

est characters have been calumniated; the vocabula. authority.

Mr. SPENCER concluded with profes. ry of Billingsgate has been ransacked for epithets of

reproach, with which to brand the federal adminis. Mr. SPENCER also contended, that his fing that he had no intention to feiter the

trations and for what object -Tliat Mr. doctrine did not at all reftrain the freedom press. He knew its value-but he felt its

Smith and Co. might licentiousness ; and he trusted the court of the press and fair discussion. He a.

"get power.." greed that the true liberty of the press con. would exert their power in this goodly afted in freedom from all previous res attempt to check those floods of calum

A new daily paper, entitled, the “ Cbarleston traint ; but insisted, that the recognizance ny which threaten the destruction of our

Ccurier," has recently made its appearance at demanded would be no previous restraint. country.

Charleston, S. C. It is published for Mr. LORING It would, he faid, tend to restrain its licen It is not pretended that the precise language of ANDREWS, who was formerly editor of the Albany tiousness. It would tend to check those li. Mr. Spencer is here copied—but it is believed that Centinel. He is a gentleman of talents and respecbels which weekly issued from the press of every material argument is given. And altho' the tability, and a decided federalist.

ness.

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V

ON

THE

WHICH ARE OF THE SAME COMXON NATUXE.

As

COW OR KINE POX. ARIOUS traditions and fables among ancient nations, which had not been acquainted with the writings of Mo. ses, seem plainly to have had their origin

LTHO' this benign lubftitute, in the event of the deluge. the deluge. The old and

has made rapid progress thro' all ranks of generally received pagan fable of the war

society in Europe, and has full credit with of the giants again if heaven, and their hor

agricultural.

characters most diftinguished for informarible overthrow by the prowess of angry

tion in every profession amongst us ; yet Jupiter, may rationally be supposed to

FOR THE BALANCE.

by far the greatest number ftill remain have been founded upon that altonishing e.

doubtful of its affording a compleat fecuvent. The general concurrence of ancient

rity from the attack of ihe most loathsome nations, in making the Olive-branch an

of diseases. From decomposed and con

SPECIFIC DIFFÉRENCE OF PLANTS, emblem of peace, seems plainly to allude to

taminated matter ; and from the fpurious the circumstance of Noah's dove, that

and full explained cases that have occur. plucked off an olive-leat and returned

red (arising from the want of the necessary with it to the ark ; which was considered

knowledge of the genuine operation of as a token that the terrible war of the ele.

S well among vegetables as an.

the Vaccine-Virus) this state of doubt is ments had ceased, that the waters were af. imals, there are often found different spe.

not to be wondered at ; and nothing can suaged and that there was an implied de. cies, which have the same common name

effe&tually dissipate it, but submitting one claration of peace and safety to the small and are classed under the fame Genus.

disease to the test of the other ; and it be. remnant of the human race.

In the New York Magazine, it is relat comes necessary that these tests should be But not to infist upon these and a varie

ed that Mr. Ifbel in Virginia, about nine some time after the Kine Pox, on account ty of other traditions and tables ;-if there or ten years ago, observed in his field a of the objections of some Small-Pox Inhad been no tradition of the kind if there fingle ear of wheat almost ripe, when all oculators, who alledge that the Kine Pox is had been no hiftorical or written docu

the rest was in flower. This ear he care a barrier no longer than while the Kine ments in relation to the deluge, we still fully preserved and sowed it by itself, right. | Pox is in circulation. fhould have occular demonftration of the ly judging it to be a peculiar species : I have good authority to assert, that the existence of such an event, from the conand from it there have proceeded many

Kine Pox has been an effectual security dition of the various parts of the earth.thousand bushels. It ripens fifteen or

from the Small-Pox, for fifty-three years, The appearance of marine fubftances, twenty days earlier than other wheat. It in England ; but time only can give us fcattered over the face of the earth, is a

is never destroyed by rust. Its straw is that satisfaction in America, unless we are certain evidence that the earth has under. shorter and less cumbrous than that of the || thoroughly acquainted with the effe&ts of gone a submersion from the waters of the

other kinds of wheat ; and consequently both diseases on the human system : that it oceans.

gives a better scope for the growth of clo. secures the system from the Small-Pox for The celebrated Doctor Goldsmith re.

I believe (but am not certain) that nine months, has lately been demonstrated

this is the same that has been advertised in by experiments, as certified below; and it marks,-" Whatever depths of the earth

the southern papers, by the name of red it is a fure barrier for nine months it is we examine, or whatever distances within land we feek, we most commonly find a traw wheat.

for lite, in the opinion of the public's hum. number of foflil shells, which being com

The fame publication relates that there

ble servant. pared with others from the sea, are found

E. ELMORE. has lately been discovered, on Manhattan

Island, at Haerlem, a species of Indian Canaan, Dec, 21/4, 1802. to be exa&tty of a similar shape and na: ture. They are found at the very bottom

Corn, the ear whereof contained sixteen of quarries and mines, on the tops of even rows of grains : and that as the average This certifies that ca the 24th of March the highest mountains, as well as in the number of grains exceeded fifty to the row, laft, Dr. E. Elmore inoculated two of my vallies and plains : and this not in one the product of a single ear was more than | daughters for the Kine Pox, which was

evident from its not being contagious ; country alone, but in all places where eight hundred grains. There can be no there is any digging for marble, chalk,

doubt that crops might be greatly increas and on the ed day of December inft. Dr. or any other terrestrial matters, that are

ed by a caretul attention to the species as Isaac Averill inoculated them with Small. so compact as to fence off the external in well as to the quality of the seed.

Pox matter, which infected their arms from juries of the air, and thus to preserve these I liad long since known a distinguished

the third day after the operation to the Thells from decay." farmer, who carefully culled out those ears

eighth, when they were well without one Discoveries of this kind have been great of Indian Corn for planting, which were

trace of disease. ly enlarged and multiplied since the time filled out, or had their tops quite covered

per me, of Goldfmith. In the present inquisitive over with kernels; and the faccess of this WILLIAM JOHNSON, Surgeon. age, almost every year adds to their num method was such, that a large proportion Canaan, Dec. 220, 1802.

ver.

Per me,

: This may certity, that on the 28th of laft imposfible for me or any person to give || tion, I flatter myself you will find them March, Dr. E. Elmore inoculated me for them the Small.Pox hereafter.

executed in a manner that will meet your the Kine Pox (I dieted and laboured much

approbation. Treaties have been held as usual, and was not fick.) On the ed day TIMOTHY BADCOCK, Physcian. || Indians, and the objecis conteinplated by

with the Oneida and Seneca nations of of December inst. I met Dr. Averill at a house where there were a number under

the laws authorizing those negotiations, the operation of the Small-Pox. The Dr.

State Legislature.

accomplished. Copies of the treaties will took infection from one of them, and in the

be laid before you, with an estimate of the presence of Dr. Badcock and others, put

sums which remain to be provided for to it into my arm. I agreed to meet them a.

ALBANY, JANUARY 25.

comply with the stipulations contained in gain the 8th day, when I went into the

them. It may be proper to remark, that hospital, where were a number covered

The Legislature of the state of New

as no provision was made for the payment well with Small-Pox. In the presence of || York met in this city this day.

of the sums mentioned in the agreement, Capt. L. Warner, T. Elmore, and others, The usual message having been sent to his entered into with the Oneidas, under conDr. Badcock inserted fresh matter of Small- Excellency the Governor, informing him

current resolutions of the Senate and Ar. Pox into two places, and Dr. Elmore the that the two Houses were ready to proceed | sembly of last fefsion, nor for defraying same kind of matter into one place. Each to business, he met them in the Affembly 11 the expence of the treaty directed to be incision appeared to work, made a progress Chamber about 1 o'clock, and delivered held with that nation, it became necessary until the eighth day, then decreased and the following

to supply these deficiencies by private creddisappeared without the least fymptom of

Speech :

it. I avail myself of this firit opportuni. difeale. Per me,

ty of fulfilling my engagement to the SenRICHARD JOHNSON.

eca Indians, by recommending that legis. Gentlemen of the Senate and Affembly, Canaan, Jan. 8th, 1803.

lative provision be made for securing to

I HAVE the satisfaction to inform you, them certain privileges specified in the This may certify, that about the first of that nothing has occurred, in the recess of that nothing has occurred, in the recess of treaty with that nation. I considered their

claims reafonable, and would have confirmApril last, Dr. E. Elmore did inoculate the Legislature, to disturb the public tranfive of my family for the Kine Pox. My quility, or to impede the growing prosperity

quility, or to impede the growing prosperity led them, had not doubts existed respe&ting agreement with him was to have them inoc. of the state ; for a continuation of thele in. my authority. ulated with Small-Pox infection at a real

estimable blessings our unteigned gratitude The annual report of the Commissary onable time. On account of the declara. is due to the Supreme Disposer of all events. of Military Stores, with the papers accom. tions of our neighbouring physicians, that You must, however, have heard with re

panying it, will communicate all useful inthey could give them the Small-Pox in gret of the late unwarrantable conduct of

formation relative to that department, and fix months after, I procrastinated their be, the Spanish Intendant at New Orleans, cal

disclose to you how far the different sering telted until the 8th of Dec. inft. When sulated to deprive the people of the United 1 vices enjoined on him by the act of last Dr. T. Badcock inoculated them in my

States of the free navigation of the Mislilip- l session, designating his duties, have been presence, with fresh matter of Small-Pox.

pi; but notwithstanding the sensibility fo | performed. Notwithstanding I have reaThey have frequently visited the hospital, generally and justly excited on this occa

Ton to believe this business has been con. where a number had the Small-Pox very

lion, there is every reason to believe that ducted with a strict regard to economy, yet full, and one died with it, whose tunerall the wife and temperate measures adopted by it is probable the

the President will remove all cause of com: they attended. Their arms were a little

exceed the sum at which they were efti. intected from the third day after the ope-plaint : Should this not be the case, and a

mated, owing to the extensive repairs which ration until the eighth ; but not one trace more vigorous course become proper and

the Arlepals required, and to the ruinous of disease. Per me,

necessary, I feel confident it will be pur- || condition in which the small arms and

sued; and that this state, which fo emiTHADDEUS ELMORE.

accoutrements were found ; as it could nently exerted itself in the establishment of December 22d, 1802.

not have been conjectured, that whilft large American Independence, will display equal | sums were expending in defensive pre

firmness and patriotiim in vindicating our To whom it may concern, these may || national rights, from whatever quarter they

parations, articles of the first utility wave national rights, from whatever quarter they || been so much neglected. This effort to certify, that I did inoculate Richard John- may be affailed. son's and two of Dr. W. Johnson's daugh.

put our Magazine of Military Stores in a

Our fellow.citizens attached to our hap. || Itate of repair is an useful one, but as it will ters with good fresh infection of the Small

appear from the returns that the supplies Pox, on the second day of December inst. py consitution from a conviction that it is

wisely calculated, under Divine Provi. fall far short of those enjoined by the conISAAC AVERILL, Physician. I dence, to ensure all the eflential benefits || ftitution, it would be injustice to the wilCanaan, Dec. 20th, 1802.

of civil society, without any unnecessary a. dom of the Legislature to doubt that such

bridgement of their natural rights, gener farther appropriations will be made as the This may certify, that I did inoculate | ally manifest a disposition to pay due obe. state of our Treasury may warrant, for a Richard Johnson, and five of Thaddeus diance to the laws, which they justly con more perfect compliance with a constituElmore's family for the Small-Pox, the sider as the expression of their own will, tional injun&tion dictated by a regard for 8th of Dec. int. with fresh matter inserted || & to give to government that genuine en the public safety. The danger of placing immediately into the arms of three of them ergy and support which are only to be de. | adependance on these supplies from abroad, at the hospital; the other three with the rived from their confidence and affection. || and the difficulty of procuring them when same kind of infe&tion carried half a mile, It is also with pleasure I mention, that the which operation I have inspected, and on duties assigned to the different departments, || embracing the present favorable opportuni. the 11th the arms all appeared infected ; as far as my observation extends, continue | ty which peace affords, for replenishing our on the 17th some of them well. They to be performed with wisdom and fidelity. | magazines : In doing this, however, a are now all entirely well, without one trace With respect to the various matters || prefe: encé ought to be given to articles of disease ; and now I am convinced, it is II committed to my more immediate direc. | which the ingenuity and indultry of our

2ans.

own citizens can furnish, as thereby an ad petent to all the exigencies of Govern. laws on some of the established officers, at ditional object will be attained ; encour mnent, without the necessity of recurring to the public expence, and at the same time to agement will be given to American arti. taxation.

prescribe the manner in which such power

The tract of land belonging to the State shall be executed. Tbe difficulties which With the returns of the reviews and in- adjoining the Niagara river, including that occur in devifiag amendments to acts of spections of thie last year, I fhall also canse ceded by the recent Treaty with the Seneca this kind, without invading corporate to be laid before you those of the preceding nation of Indians, comprehends the car rights, ought to serve as an admonition to one ; by a comparison of them you will rying place and line of communication be great care and circumspection in framing have the satisfaction to discover an increal. tween the Great Western Lakes. This,

future ones.

How far it will be prudent ing attention to duty, honorable to the and other interesting considerations arising to increase the number of these incorpo. militia, and at the same time evincive of from its frontier situation, render it highly rations before the advantages to be derived the beneficial effects produced by the important that measures be taken tor it's

from them by the public, shall be more amendments made at the last session to the speedy and regular feitlement. The in fully ascertained by a course of fair expermilitia law. It is submitted to your judg- terest of the State also requires more effec iment, is a question worthy of your ferious ment to devise such farther improvements tual measures than have hitherto been a. .consideration. in the system as shall be beít calculated to dop-ed to prevent wastes and intrusions on The establishment of common schools promote discipline and encourage military the public lands. It is to be feared that

has at different times engaged the attention ardor. the indulgent conduct of Government has

of the Legillature ; but although its imAlthough it was to have been expe&ted only tended to increase thele pernicious

portance is generally acknowledged, a di. crimes would have multiplied with ihe in- | practices. Most of the offenders are stran

versity of sentiment respecting the best crease of our population, it is with pecu. gers, ignorant of our laws, and it is time

means has hitherto prevented the accom: fiar pleasure I oblerve, that from the doc. they were taught that transgrellions are not

plishment of the object. The diffusion of uments in my posfellion it may be interred to be rewarded with favors :-Wholesome knowledge is to effential to the promotioa with a degree of certainty, that tor the best settlers will not risk their labor in im

of vinue and the preservation of liberty, as shree years their number has been gradually proving lands heid by lo unjustifiable and

to render arguments unnecessary to excite diminishing. This circumslance, whilst precarious a tenure, and sound policy as

you to preleverance in this laudable pursuit: it is highly gratifying to philanthropy, and well as justice forbid our encouraging those Permit me only to oserve, that education, respectable to the community, demonstrates of a different defcription.

by correcting the morals and improving the the wisdom of the alterations made in our There is perhaps no objcct connected

manners, tends to prevent those evils in criminal code, by the rejection of fanguin. with the internal commerce of the State of

society which are beyond the sphere of leary punishinents and the subflitucion of a greater consequence to its prosperity than

gillation. fyllem more congenial with the mild spirit || the Navigation of Hudlon's river, and un

Gentlemen, of our free government.

der this impression the Legislature have at This, with other wile improvements different times granted considerable suins 1 shall occafionally communicate, Ly which have from timcioline been made in which hare been applied to its improve- || message, such other matters as may appear our law's, and the recent judicious revision ment and extension. It is obvious, how. wo delerve your notice, without detaining and amendinent of them, have given to our ever, that the advantages to be derived from

you any longer at this time, than to ailure jurisprudence such a degree of perfection these expenditures can be of but compara. you

ot
my

beft endeavors to render your as to induce a belief that any material alles. jive finall value, unless the public aid shall Tefsion agreeable; & that I shall always cono ations are at preferit unneceiliry. Befides be extended to the removal of the obitruc fider a cheerful co-operation with the Lethe obvious advantages attending the ita

tions be:ow this city, which greatly impede | gillárure, in every measure calculated to biliiy of laws, it is effential to their due ibe passage oi the river, and are found to promote the honour of the itace and the obscrvance, that they Mhould be generally be annually increasing. If it (hould be l happiness of our constituents, among the known and accurately understood, but ibis deemed expedient to patronize this inter first of my duties. is impracticable whilst they are subject to eiting undertaking, you will perceive the

GEO : CLINTON. frequent changes, fince time is required propriety of dire&ting preparatory measures to ascertain by judicial decisions, the legal for ascer aining the best manner of accom. Albany, January 25th, 1803. import of sections, admitting of different plishing it, and of committing its execution conftruétions; and such are too frequently 10 agents

of your own appointment, as at. to be found even in amendatory ftatutes. temps on an injudicious plan migót, withShould you, gentlemen, concur in this out effecting the object, be productive of opinion, a greater portion of your time than injurious consequences. usual may be devoted to other objects. Some defccts which had been discovered

The improvement of our fiscal concerns in the laws establishing Turnpike Road will naturally present itself to you as of Companies, were suggested to the Legisla. superior moment, and the details contain

iure at the opening of the last session.' ed in the Comptroller's annual report, will But although the evils apprehended from

Columbian Congress. allist in your deliberations on this impor thcle defects were guarded against in the tant subject, by suggefting measures for incorporating acts passed subsequent to that rendering the funds of the State more pro. period; yet no remedies were extended to In the debate on Mr. Rutledge's moducive of revenue. The falutary effe&ts the impetections of the then existing laws : tion, that those who would take upon themresulting from the economical system and || An

And as in these no mode is prescribed to ll felves the burden of arming their own mijudicious arrangements of the general Gov. exact a compliance from the companies | litra, should be exempted from the duties . ernment allord an instructive lesson ; and with the intentions of Government, ;he payable on the importation of arms, if we pursue an example of fuch high au trouble, expence and hazard of vindicating || Mr. Davis, from KENTUCKY, delivered a thority and so worthy of imitation, there is | public rights devole on individuals. It is speech reprobating in pointed terms the reason :o believe that the finances of the submitted whether it would not be expe. conduct of the Deemocrats in the house, State may be placed in a condition com. dient to confer the power of enforcing these ll with Messrs. Randolph and Smith at their

head. The following extract from that Kentucky, Tennessee and Ohio with arms, fpeech contains a handsome specimen of but he was discouraged froin doing lo when well directed sarcasm and happy allusion : he saw a refusalwallow states warm them. [Evening Poft.] selves--when he law refolurions passed

to defend the rights of the citizens, and at “ Mr. Davis said he could not repress the same time refusing them the means of

Be it our weekly task, his aftonithment at the obstinate upposition || defending themselves. which had been made to that relolution.

To note the passing tidings of the times. He could not but believe that the true

> > > > > >00<<<<<< reasons for that opposition had been kept From the 'peech of Mr. Bayard, deliv

Hudson, February 15, 1803. behind the curtain, and that those which ered in the house of Reprefentatives, on bad been offered to the house were merely li the 11th January, it appears that the secret

CONGRESSIONAL NOTE. intended to furnish gentlemen with an business brought before the house on that excuse for voting against the resulution. 1 day, by Gen. Smith, was a proposition for When he looked at the constitution and a secret appropriation of an immenle fum

It was our intention to have published,

in regular detail, the proceedings of the found that it was the duty of the general of money, no less than two millions of dol

present session of Congress. But this is government to organize and equip the lars, and that the mtafure is in fome way

found impraéticable, and it is deemed unmilitia, and when he heard it flated on that connected with the affairs of Louisiana. floor that certain individual ftites bad För what purpose this enormous expendi- felett such parts from the debates, &c. as

necessary. We shall, therefore, in future, offered to take upon themselves the burden ture of public money can be necessary it is

are more immediately interesting to our of arming their own militia, provided in poslible to conjecture ; inaliuch as all

readers. No subject i hat has occupied the congress would consent to relinquith the information relative to the actual ftale of duties upon the importation of arms, he our existing relations to that country has

attention of Congres, has been of equal was astonished that any opposition fhould been zealoully opposed and finally refuled. confequence with the ceffion of Louisiania

to France, and the infraction of our treaty be made. A few days ago the gentleman Whether these two millions of dollars have been appropriated and paid out of the trea

with Spain by the shutting of the port of from Maryland (Mr. S. Smith) who now

New Orleans-and, yet on 110 subject, opposed the resolution, delivered a' speech fury :-Whether they are to be carried by

tave the democrais (with very few excepfull ot vigour and fpirit upon the subject of Mr. Monroe to the First Consul for the

tions) betrayed such a thameful apathy. defending our rights, and of the ability and purpose of insuring a more favourable re

In vain have the federal members exertid willingness of the people to repel every | ception than our minisers formeriv met

themselves to obtain information on the infraction of those rights. The gentleman with from the same court : Or whether then appeared to be inspired with a spark | they are to be employed as the non fatisfac: subje&t. The Virginian Randolph, with a

majority of the house of representatives at from the altar of '76-Now he opposes tory argument which can be uled for con

, the arming of the milita---He wished to

vincing the First Conful of the expediency il every atteinpt of the kind. The federalills ' I know how that gentleman intended to of continuing to us the free exercise of a

contend, that the subjeét is of valt inporfight? whether like the ante-deluvians il right long enjoyed and secured by the with clubs? or like the favages of the most folemn ftipulations, are questions tance, and of a presling nature--that the wilderness, with bows and arrows ? Mr. which cannot be answered, and reipecting || president mentioned it, as such, in his meswhich the people will probably never be

fage at the opening of the lefior--that the Davis was not less surprised at the conduct

feffion is more than half spent, and that of the gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Ran. informed. The whole affair is involved in

fufficient information is not received to dolph) who firft opposed the prelent || profound secrecy. All that can be conjec.

enable Congress to act upon the business. resolution. That gentleman, a few days | tured with any degree of certainty is that a ago had atleated to make a great display of proposition has been made for fecretly i clare that it is a matter of but little conle

The demociats, (at least some of them) dehis zeal for defending the rights of the appropriating two millions of dollars,

quence; and they uniformly oppose evewestern people, and maintaining the free and that the appropriation has fome ieiaiiun

1 y motion for calling for intormation.--navigation of the Milli flippi. And what, I to Louisiana.

The democrats as if ashamed of their consaid Mr. Davis has been done? What

Subsequent to this transaction, another ruct, have tran'acted every thing relating bave we to show as proof of our resent confidential mellige has been received to the afrair, with closed doors, not with ment of treaties violates? We have a

from the president, and acred upon with standing the exertions of the federalists for little piece of paper about so biz, [shew- I closed doors. Whether this is a call for a different inode of proceeding.--Thus ing his hand] covered with foi words more money, and whether the call has been

proceed the allairs of the nation under the about our sensibility; and this' I suppose complied with, the people cannot know. I reign of darkness. The executive keeps is to be used as the children of Israel ufed It is sufficient for them to know that their the representatives of the people in the dark thir brazen serpent; it is to be held up in present rulers are wise, and honest, and e -and the representatives, in their turn,

conomical. The less they know of the keep the pecple themselves in the dark. country, and when they look upon it, they particular means adopted for securing their Indeed, indeed, this is a dark day! must be satisfied for any injuries that they prosperity and happiness, the less likely ray suffer in consequence of the violation, they will be to murmur and find fault that

FIRE AT SCIENECTADY. of their rights.--The gentlemen, having fome other, and as they might fuppofe, On the 5th inst. a fie brole out in a barbeq's carried that resolution, and published better mode was not chosen for accom shop in Schenectadv, u nich destroyed 3 dweilingthose pompous words, now reli satisfied || plishing the fame end.

houses, two stables, &c. and refuse to allow us to import arms for our defence. If we want defence, I sup

[Gaz. of the United States.] Foreign accounts s:ate that Constan:inople was

almost entirely destroi ed by an Ear:). Juake on the pose we shall be told to look at that refolu

26th Oct last. The seraglio and a grea:part of the tion.

The Presidential project of a Dry-Dockcity are stated to have been swallowed up. Ilie Mr. Davis said it had been his intention has been fcouted out of Congress, by the

earthquake was productive of the most extensie

mischief in several parts of Turkey, parucularly in to call upon congress to supply the militia of united voice of federalists and democrats. Wailachia and Rumelia..

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