fome obscurity.-Data are equally wanting | all subordinate to the commandant general. plantations in fight of each other, whre to aflign with precision its northern extent. Baton Rouge having been made a gov. fronts to the Mississippi are all cleared, ani From the source of the Millisippi, it is ernment, subsequently to the treaty of lim occupy on that river from 5 to 25 acres bounded eastwardly by that middle of the its, &c. with Spain, the posts of Manchac with a depth of 49 ; so that a plantation of channel of the river to the 3 w degree of lat. || and Thompson's Creek, or Felicana, were 5 acres in front contains 200. A few su. itude : Thence, it is asserted upon very added to it.

gar plantations are formed in the parish of ftrong grounds, that according to its lim. Chapitoulas has sometimes been regard. Catahanose, but the remainder is devoted its, when formerly poilelled by France, it ed as a separate command, but is now in. lo cotton and provisions, and the whole is Atretches to the east, as far, at least, as the cluded within the jurisdiction of the city. an excellent foil incapable of being ex. river Perdigo, which runs into the bay of The lower part of the river has likewise

hausted. The plantations are but one Mexico, eastward of the river Mobile. had occasionally a separate commandant. deep on the idland of New Orleans, and on

Louisiana, including the Mobille settle. Many of the present establishments are the opposite side of the river as far as the ments, was discovered and peopled by the | separated from each other by immense and mouth of the Iberville, which is 35 leagues French, whose monarchs 'made several trackless deserts, having no communication above New Orleans. grants of its trade, in particular to Mr. with each other by land, excepe now and Bayou de la Fourche-Atacapas, and Crotat in 1712, and some years afterwards, then a solitary instance of its being attempt.

Opelousas. with his acquiescence, to the well known ed by hunters, who have to swim rivers,

About 25 leagues from the last mention. company projected by Mr. Law. This expose themselves to the inclemency of the

ed place on the west side of the Misissippi, company was relinquished in the year 1731. weather, and carry their provisions on

the creek or Bayou of the Fourche, called By a secret convention on the 3d Novein. their backs for a time proportioned to the

in old maps La Rivier des Chiramaches, ber, 1762, the French government ceded

length of their journey. This is particu" | flows from the Missisippi, and communia so much of the province as lies beyond the larly the case on the west of the Millissippi,

cates with the sea to the west of the Balire. M.Missippi, as well as the Iland of New. where the communication is kept up only The entrance of the Mifflippi is naviga. Orleans, to Spain, and, by the treaty of by water, between the capital and the dis

ble only at high water, but will then admit peace which followed in 1763, the whole tant settlements ; three months being re.

of craft of from 60 to 70 tons burther. territory ot France and Spain east ward of quired to convey intelligence from the one

On boih banks of this creek are settlethe middle of the Misliffippito the Iberville, to the other by the Mississippi. The usual

ments, one plantation deep, for near 15 thence through the middle of that river, distance accomplished by a boat in ascend

leagues, and they are divided into iwo para and the lakes Maurepas and Ponchartrain

ing, is five leagues per day. Therapidity ishes. The setlers are numerous, though to the sea, was ceded to Great Britain. of the current in the spring season especial

poor, and the culture is universally cotton. Spain having conquered the Floridas from ly, when the waters of all the rivers are

On all creeks making from the Missippi, Great Britain during our revolutionary high, facilitates the descent, so that the

che soil is the same as on the bank of ihe war, they were confirmed to her by the same voyage by water, which requires river, and the border is the highest part of treaty of peace of 1783. By the treaty of

three or four months to perform from the it, from whence it descends gradually to St. lidefonso, of the it of Odober, 1800. || capital, may be made to it in twelve or lix.

che (wamp: . In no place on the low lards his Catholic Majesty promises and engag: teen days. The principal serilements in

is there depth more than suffices for one es on his part to cede back to the French Louisiana are on the Mislissippi, which be

plantation, belore you come to the low Republic, fix months after the full and en

gins to be cultivated about twenty leagues l grounds incapable of cultivation. This tire execution of the conditions and ftipu

from the sea, where the plantations are yet creek affords one of the communications to lations therein contained, relative to the

thin, and owned by the poorest people.

the two populous and rich 'ettlements of duke of Parma, “ the colony or province Ascending, you fee them improve on each

Atacapas and Opelousas formed on and of Louisiana, with the same extent that it

side, till you reach the city, which is sii.

near the small rivers Teche and Vermilen

uated on the east bank, on a bend of the actually has in the hands of Spain, that it

which flow into the bay of Mexico. But had when France pofleffed it, and such as

river, 35 leagues from the sea.

the principal and swiftest communication it ought to be atter the treaties subsequent - Chapitoulas. first and second

German coalis

is by the Bayou or creek of Plaqueinines, ly entered into between Spain and other

-Catahanole— Fourche and Iberville.
The best and most improved are above leagues higher upon the same ride, and

whose entrance into the Miffissippi is seven states.' This treaty was confirmed and en.

30 forced by thatot Madrid, of the euft the city, and comprehend, what is there

above New-O:leans. These settlements a. March, 1801. From France it passed to us From France it pailed to us knows by the Paroisse de. Chopitoulas

, bound in cattle and horses, have a large

premier and second cote des Alleinande, by the treaty of the zoth of April lat, with

and extend 16 leagues.

quantity of good land in their vicinity and a reference to the above claule, as defa

may be made of great importance. A part criptive of the limits ceded.

Above this begins the parish of Catahanose or first Acadian settlement, extend

of their produce is lent by sea to New Or. Divisons of the Province. ing eight beagnes on the river. Adjoining | batteaux by the creeks above mentioned.

leans, but the greater part is carried in The province as held by Spain, includ. it and still ascending is the second Acadian ing a part of West Florida, is laid off into settlement or the Fourche, which extends

Baton Rouge and its dependencies. the following principal divisions; Mobile, about 6 leagues. The parish of Iberville Immediately above the Iberville, and on from Balile to the city, New Orleans and then commences, and is bounded on the both sides of the Mifti lippi, lies the parthe country on both sides of lake Punchar. eaft side of the river of the same name, which ish of Manchac, which extends four train, first and second German cuafts, Cat. though dry a great part of the year, yet, || leagues on the river, and is well cultivate ahanofe, Fourche, Venezuela, Iberville, when the Mississippi is raised, it communi. ed. Above it commences the settlement Galvez-Town, Baton-Rouge, Pointe cates with the lakes Maurepas & Punchar of Baton Rouge, extending about 9. Coopee, Atacapas, Opelousas, Ouachita, | train, and through them with the fea, and leagues

. It is remarkable as being the Avoyelles, Rapide, Natchitoches, Arkan thus forms what is called the Island of New first place where the high land is contig. fas, and the Illinois.

Orleans. Except on the point juft below uous to the river, and here it forms a blusa in the Illinois there are commandants, the Iberville, the country from New.Or. from 30 to 40 feet above the greatelt rife at New Madrid, St. Genevieve, New leans is settled the whole way along the riv. of the river. Here the settlements extend Bourbon, St. Charles and St. Andrews, er, and presents a Scene of uninterrupted il a considerable way back on the east side ;

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and this parish has that of Thompson's Here there are but a few families, who dance of all the necessaries of life, and al. creek and Payou Sara subordinate to it. are more attached to the Indian trade, (by most spontaneously ; very little labour be. The mouth of the first of these creeks is which chiefly they live) than to cultiva- ing required in the cultivation of the about 49 leagues from New Orleans, and tion. There is no settlement from this earth. That part of Upper Louisiana that of the latter 2 or 3 leagues higher up. place to New Madrid, which is itself in which borders on North Mexico, is one They run from north east to fouth well, considerable. Alcending the river you

immense prairie : it produces nothing but and their head waters are north of the 31 come to Cape Girardeau, St. Genevieve grass : it is filled with buffaloe, deer, and degree of latitude. Their banks have the

and St. Lewis, where, though the inhabi orher kinds of game : the land is renre. best foil, and the greatest number of good

tants are numerous, they raile litele for sented as too rich for the growth of foreit coiton plantations of any part of Louis exportation, and content themselves with trees. ana, and are allowed to be the garden of it. trading with the Indians and working a It is pretended that Upper Louisiana con. Pointe Coupee and Fause Riviere. few lead mines. This countrv is very fer

tains in its bowels mpany silver and copper Above Baton Rouge, at the distance of

tile especially on the bank of the Mir-mines, and various specimens of both are

souri, where there have been formed two exhibited. Several trials have been made 50 leagues from New Orleans, and on the wel a le of the Miilissippiis Poinie Coupee,

setilements, called St. Charles and S. to ascertain the fact; but the want of all a populous and rich fettlement, extending Andrew, mostly by emigrants from Ken

Andrew, mostly by emigrants from Ken in the artists has hitherto left the fubje&t un. eight leagues along the river. Its produce | tucky. The peltry procured in the Illi. | decided. is cotton. Behind ii, on an old bed of nois is the best sent to the Atlantic market ;

The salt works are also pretty nume. the river now a lake whose outlers are

and the quantity is very confiderable. rous ; tome belong to individuals ; otheis closed

Lead is to be had with ease, and in such is the settlement of Fausse Ri.

to the public. They already yield an aup, viere, which is well culivated.

quantities as to supply all Europe, if the bundant supply for the consumption of the In the space now defcribed from the sea population were sufficient to work the nu. country ; and if properly managed, might merous mines to be found within two or

become an article of more general expor. as high as and including the last mentioned three feet from the surface in various paris


The usual price per settlement, is contained three fourths of

bushel the population, and seven eights of the of the country. The settlements about cents in cash at the works. riches of Louisiana.

the Illinois were fuft made by the Canadi. This price will be still lower as soon as From the settlement of Pointe Coupee ans, and their inhabitants till resemble the manufacture of the sale is assumed by on the Minilippi to Cape Giradeau above thein in their aversion to labour, and love the government, or paironized by men the mouth of the Ohio, there is no land on

of a wandering life. They contain but who have large capitals to employ in the the welt fide, that is not overflowed in few negroes, compared to the number of business. One extraordinary fact relative the Spring to the distance of 8 or 10 the whites; and it may be taken for a

to falt must not be omitted.-There exits leagues from the river; with from 2 to general rule, that in proportion to the dis about 1000 miles up the Missouri, and not 12 ieet of water, except a finall (poc near

tance from the capital, the number of far from that river a salt mountain ! The New Midrit; fo that in the whole extent blacks diminish below that of the whites ; existence of such a mountain might weil there is no pollibility of forming a consid. the former abounding most on the rich

be questioned, were it not for the testino. erable settleme:it contiguous to the river plantations in its vicinity.

of several respectable and enterpusing on that Gde. The eastern bank has in this

traders, who have visiced it, and who have Generai Description of Upper Louisana. 1. exbibired several bushels of the salt to the respect a decided advaniage over the welt

When compared with the Indiana terri.

curiolity of the people of St. Louis, ern, as there are on it many situations

tory, the face of the country in Upper where some of it fill remains. A fpeci. which effectua!'y command the river.

Louisiana is rather more broken, though men of the same fail has been sent to M?. Red River and its Settlements.

The foil is equally fertile. It is a fact not rietta. This Mountain is said to be 185 On the weil side of the Milli lippi, 70 to he contested, that the west fide of the miles long, and 45 in width, composed of leagues from New Orleans, is the movih river pofTefles fome advantages not gener. solid rock fali, without any trees, or even of the Red River, on whose hanks and ally incident to those regions. It is ele shrubs on it. Salt springs are very numevicinity are the setilements of Rapide A. vated and healthy, and well watered with rous beneath the surface of this mountain, voyelles, and Natchitoches, all of them a variety of large rapid streams, calculat.

and they flow through the fissures and cavi. thriving and populous. The latter is fitu. eri for mills and other water-works. From ties of is. Caves of salt petre are found ate 75 leagues up the Red River. On the

Cape Girardeau, above the mouth of the in Upper Louifiana, though at fome disnorth side of the Red River, a few

Ohio, to the Missouri, the land on the east tance from the settlements. Four men on Icagues from iis junction with the Miftir fide of the Mifiifippi is low and flat, and a trading voyage, lately discovered one, fippi, is the Black River, on one of occasionally exposed to inundations ; that several hundred miles up the MiTouri. whose branches, a considerable way up, on the Louisiana fide, contiguous to the They spent five or fix weeks in the manuis the infant Settlement of Ouachita, which, river, is generally much higher, and in tacture of this article, and returned to St.

from the richness of the soil, inay be made many places very rocky on the shore. Louis with 400 weight of it. It proved :0 - a place of importance. Corton is the Some of the heights exhibit a scene truly be good, and they fold it for a high price.

chief produce of these feruitments, but picturesque. They rise to a height of at The geography of the Mislillippi and they have likewise a considerable Indian least 300 feet, faced with perpendicular Mflouri and their contiguity for a great trade. The river Rouge, or Red river is lime and free fone, carved into various length of way, are but little known. The used to communicate with the frontiers of

(hapes and figures by the hand of nature, traders affert that 100 miles above their New Mexico.

and afford the appearance of a multitude | junction, a man may walk from one to the Concord, Arkansas, St. Charles, and of artique towers. From the tops of other in a day; and it is also asserted, that St. Andrew, &c.

these elevations, the land gradually slopes 700 miles ftill higher up, the portage may There is no settlement on the MiMillippi | back from the river, without gravel or be crossed in four or five days. This porexcept the small one called Concord, op rock, and is covered with valuable timber. tage is frequented by traders, who carry posite to the Natchez, till you come to It may be said with truth that, for fertility of on a considerable trade with some of the the Arkansas river, whose inouth is 250 foil, no part of the world exceed the borders Missouri Indians. Their general rout is leagues above New.Orleans.

of the Mislilippi : the land yields an abun through Green bay, which is an

arm of

No. 49.

The Balance.


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mail ;

lake Michigan ; they then pass into a small enabled to ascertain to what lengh this rout We understand that the provisional army lake connected with it, and which com. will extend, as when it was first set on is to be composed of five hundred mounci municates with the Fox river ; they then foot by the Prefident, the Louisiana coun. volunteers from the Mifflippi territory, cross over a short portage into the Odiscon try was not ceded in the United Siates, and to join the regular troops in that territory, fing river, which unites with the Milliflip it is likely it will be considerably extended and proceed immediately to New Orleans, pi fome distance below the Falls of St. An. —they are to receive further instructions at to take posseflion; in the mean time the thony. It is also said, that the traders Kahokia. It is, however, certain that state of Tennessee is to hold in readiness to communicate with the M.Missippi above they will ascend the main branch of the march at a moinent's warning. thele falls, through lake Superior; but Misfiflippi as far as possible: and it is prob

2000 Volunteers. their trade in that quarter is inuch less con. able they will then direct their course tothe Kentucky,


do. fiderable. M flouri, and ascend it. They have the Ohio,


do. (TO BE CONTINUED.) iron frame of a boat, intended to be cover Misisippi territory, 500

do. ed with skins, which can, by screws, be formed into one or tour, as may best suit their purposes. Aboui 60 men will compuse the party. [Louisville paper.]

Literary Potice.


CHILLICOTHE, Nov. 12. Be it our weekly task,


GENTLEMEN in this vicinity, who

are willing to become patrons of that el. To note the passing tidings of the times. The following letter from the Department of War,

<gant and valuable literary work, the >>>>$co«««cca at the City of Washington, to his Excellency the

PORT FOLIO,” may obtain it by budson, December 6, 1803. Governor of the state, was received by last night's

applying to the fubfcriber, who is author.

ized to receive subscriptions. The fourth

War Department, 027, 31. volume commences on the first day of CUSTOM-HOUSE, HUDSON,


January next.-Price of the paper, Five November 28, 1803.

There being reason to fufpeet that the of Dollars, per annum, payable in advance, ficers of the Spanısh government at New

HARRY CROSWELL. An alphabetical Lift, and Abstract of

Orleans may decline or refuse to give polFour Hundred and Sixty-seven Awards in lession of the country of Louisiana, ceded

Balance-Office, Nov. 1803. favour of American Claimants, made be.

to the United States by the French repubtween February 1802, and the 15 h July,

lic, and which congrefs have by law au1803, by the Board of Commissioners un.

thorised the Piesident of the United States der the seventh article of the Birlish crea.

To our Patrons. to take poflcfion of, and the Presideni bav. ty ; payable by the British governmeni,

ing judged it expedient to pursue such according to the lace Convention in three

THE Editors of the Balance, observing mealures as will insure the poflillion, I equal annual inftalments, on the 15th Jo

have therefore been directed by the Presi with regret, the inattention of some of ly, 1803, 1804, and 1805, has been re. dent of the United States to requelt your

cheir diftant subscribers to the settlement ceived by me from the Secretary of State,

Excellency to affemble, with the least pol. of their accounts, hereby give notice, that and is ready at my office for the perufal of

fible delay, five hundred of the militia oi all persons interested therein.

after the first day of January next, no the state of Ohio, including a suitable num. HENRY MALCOLM, ber of officers, and cause the same to be

perfon can receive the Balance by mail, formed into a regiment of eight companies, unless payment has been made for all ar. Collector.

to be engaged to serve four months, unles rearages ; and that no application from sooner discharged, to be mustered in com

new subscribers will be attended to, itun. BRITISH TREATY.

panies and ready to march, if called, by
the 20h of December at fartheft; afier

accompanied with advance payment.In the last article of this treaty it is pro. having been so muftered in companies

A great proportion of our customers, have vided that the first ten articles thall be per.

by suitable persons appointed by your Ex observed a punctuality which entitles them manent, and that if the 121h aruicle should cellency, the men may return to their

to our warmelt thanks. not be renewed, or an arrangement upon

homes, but must hold themselves in readi. the subject of it agreed to before it should neis to join their companies and march at

1. The present volume of the BALexpire by its own limitation (neither of the shortest notice. Each officer and fol.

ANCE closes on the 27th day of Decemwhich conditions has taken place) that then

dier will be er titled to pay from the day ber instant, and the third volume comthe whole treaty except the ten first arti. they shall receive orders and march to join mences on the third day of January next. cles should expire together with it. This their respective regiments, until discharg. Subscribers, or printers with whom we limitation was to two years after the figna ed.-They will be entitled to tłie same

pay ture of the preliminary or other articles of as regular troops in the service of the Unit- exchange, wishing any deficiencies in their peace, which took place on the firft of Oc ed States.

files made up, are desired to make imme. tober, 1801. Conlequently on the first of

I have the honor to be,

diate application, always remembering to October last, all the articles of the treaty,


pay pollage when application is made by except the ten first, expired.

Your obedient serv't

mail. [National Intelligencer.]

Our agents are respectively re

H. DEARBORN. quefted to close their accounts with the Capt. Clark and Mr. Lewis left this To bis Excellency Ed.

office as soon as poflible, that we may place on Wednesday last, on their Expedi.

ward Tiffen. Govern.

commence the new year with an even We have not been tion to the Westward.

or of the Siaie of Ohio.


Suffer his woes, and share in his escapes ;
While fancy, like the finger of a clock,
Runs the great circuit, and is still at hone.

The Treath.





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Gx pence.

Or placemen, all tranquility and smiles.
This folio of four pages, happy work!
Which not eu'n critics criticise, that holds
Inquisitive attention while I read,
Fast bound in chains of silence, which the fair,
Tho' eloquent themselves, yet fear to break-
What is it but a map of busy life,
its fluctuations, and its vast concerns ?
Here runs the mountainous and craggy ridge
That tempts ambition. On the summit, sce,
The seals of oilice glitter in his eyes ;
He climbs, he pants, he grasps them. At his heels,
Close at his heels, a demagogue ascends,
And with a dext'rous jirk soon twists him down,
And wins then-but to lose them in his turn.
Here rills of oily eloquence in soft
Meanders lubricate the course they take :
The modest speaker is asham'd and griev'd
T'engross a moment's nouce ; and yet begs,
begs a propitious ear for his poor thoughts,
However trivial all thai he conceives.
Sweet bashfulness ! it claims at least this praise,
The dearth of intormation and good sense
That it foretells us, always comes to pass.
Cataracts of declamation thunder here :
There forests of no meaning spread the page
In which all compreberision wanders lost ;
While fields of pleasantry amuse us there,
With merry descants on a nation's woes.
The rest appears a wilderness of strange
But gay confusion-roses for the cheeks
And lilies for the brows of faded age,
Teeth for the toothless, ringlets for the bald,
Heav'a, earth, and ocean, plunder'd of their sweets,
Nectareous essences, Olympian dews,
Sermons and city feasts, and fav'rite airs,
Aethereal Katierfello, with his hair on end
At his own wonders, wond'ring for his bread.

"Tis pleasant :hro' the loop holes of retreat
To peep at such a world ; to see the stir
Of the great Babel, and not feel the crowd ;
To hear the roar she sends thru all her gates
At a safe distance, where the dying sound
Falls a soft murmur on th' uninjur'd ear.
Thus sitting, and surveying thus at ease
The globe and its concerns, I seem advanc'd
To some secure and more than mortal keight,
That lib'rates and exempts me from them all.
It iurns submitted to my view, turns round
With all its generations : I belıold
The tumult, and am still. The sound of war
Has lost its terrors ere it reaches me ;
Grieves, but alarms me not. I mourn the pride
And av'rice that make man a wolf to man;
Hear the faint echo of those brazen throats
By which he speaks the language of his heart,
And sigh, but never tremble at the sound.
He travels and expatiates ; as the bee
From flow'r to flow'r, so he from land to land ;
The manners,' customs, policy of all
Pay contribution to the store he gloans ;
He sucks intelligence in ev'ry clime,
And spreads che honey of his deep research
At his return a rich repast for me.
He travels, and I too. I tread his deck,
Ascend his topmast, thro' his peering eyes
Discover countries, with a kindred heart

“ HAVING bought a neat knite, and paid handsomely for it, I found that whenever I attempted to cut wood, or any hard substance, the edge broke. This accident, often repeated, foon made a law of my blade.- I complained to the cutler, who very seriously told me, that it was a sure sign of the goodness of my knife. He finished by sharpening it, and received his

This grinding happened so frequently, as to become more tedious than coftly; and my patience was nearly exhausted, when an itinerant fciffars. grinder gave me an effectual receipt.-T. plunge the blade up to the handle in boil. ing tat for two hours, and then, taking it out, to let it cool gradually, I tollowed his directions : and my knife cuts the hardest wood, ebony, box : even bone its edge now refifts."

HARK! 'tis the twanging hora ! o'er yonder

That with its wearisome but needful length
Bestrides the wintry dood, in which the moon
Sees her unwrinkled face reflected bright;
He comes, the herald of a noisy world,
With spatter'd boots, strapp'd waist, and frozen

News from aitnations lumb'ring at his back.
True to his charge, the close.pack'd load behind,
Yet careless what he brings, bis one concern
Is to conduct it to the destin'd inn ;
And having drop th' expected bag-pass on.
He whistles as he goes, light-hearted wretch,
Gold and yet cheerful : messenger of grief
Perhaps to thousands, and of joy to some ;
To him indiif'rent whether grief or joy.
Houses in ates, and the fall of stocks,
Births, deaths, and marriages, epistles wet
With tears that trickled down the writer's cheeks
Fast as the periods from his fiuent quill,
Orcharg'd with am'rous sighs of absent swains,
Or nymphs responsive, equally affect
His horse and him, unconscious of them all.
But oh th' important budger ! usher'd in
With such heart-shaking music, who can say
What are its tidings? Have our troops awak'd ?
Or do they still, as if with opium drugg'd,
Snore to the murmurs of th' Atlantic wave
Is India free? and does she wear her plum'd
And jewell'd turban with a smile of peace,
Or do we grind her still? The grand debate,
The popular harangue, the rart reply,
The logic, and the wisdom, and the wit,
And the loud laugh-I long to know them all ;
I burn to set th' imprison'd wranglers free,
And give them voice and utı'rance once again.

Now stir the fire, and close the shutters fast,
Let fall the curtains, wheel the sofa round,
And while the bubbling and loud-hissing urn
Throws up a steady column, and the cups,
That cheer but not inebriale, wait on each,
So let us welcome peaceful ev'ning in.
Not such his ev'ning who, with shining face,
Sweats in the crowded theatre, and, squeez'd
And bor'd with elbow-points thro' both his sides,
Outscolds the ranting actor on the stage :
Nor his, who patient stands till his feet throb,
And his head thumps, to feed upon the breath
Of patriots bursting with heroic rage ;


To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, payable in quarterly advances.

To Country Subscribers, who receive their paperi at the office Two Dollars, payable as above.

To those who receive them by the mail, Twe Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance

A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table of Contents, will be given with the last number of each volume.

Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom. panies the Balance.

Complete files of the first volume, which have been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and hf., ty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may be sent, stitched or in bundies, to any post office in the state, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-of. fice in the union for 78 cents.


Warren-Street, Hudson.


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Original days.

inofe moral virtues, which refine and exalt of the old contederatiun, which, during

human nature, which alone can give du the times of cominon danger, bad helped Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,

rability to liberty conjoined with order, to keep the faies together, were found, Enrich ow columns, and instruct mankind. and which powerfully tend to render na soon after that danger was removed, to be

tions, as well as individuals, prosperous utterly ineffe Etual and nugatory ; and our FOR THE BALANCE. and happy. We enjoy a country worthy

nation exhibited the hideous appearance of a race of freemen, spacious, fruitful, of a many-headed monster. Thirteen

capable of yielding almost every useful perty sovereignties, nominally united, but POLITICAL SKETCHES.

and pleasant production, combining al. priatically divided, yielding to no national No. IX.

most every advantage for agriculture, man. controul, pursuing each, its own local ufactures and commerce. The Atlantic,

Felfith interests, foon brought the countiy

the Missippi, and the chain of Lakes,
N no age of the world, has there

a condition of degradation and been witnessed an experiment lo impor

like a vafi hoop, environ it; and the voice wretchedness, and to the brink of horrible tant in itielf, and invoiving consequences

of nature seems to proclaim, that it onght anaicy and utter ruin ; from which it of such istinense magnitude, as that which

to belong to one undivided people. A was saved, or at least respited, by an estabpowerful cause operated in uniting togeth

bishment of a new order of things. Pubis now making in thele States. " It has er the distant parts and disjointed segments

lic adverfily, in this inllance, as it led to been frequently remarked, (lays a very

of this extensive nation, and forining them an improvement in political arrangements, intelligent and excelent writer, *) that it seems to have been relerved to tie people into one great whole. In the colonial state

had a useful effc&t. 'A woeful experience of this country, such jealousies {ublisted ol ibis country, by their conduct apex

of the calamities of difunion, evinced the between the people of the several colonies, neceflity of an efficient national governample, to decide the important question,

ment and whether tacieties of men are really capable | tuch local prejudices, such antipathies a.

gave rise to the federal conli.

cution. or not, of establishing good government against each other had long feltered in their froin reflection and choice, or whether

hearts, that a union was deemed impraci. In the instance of the formation of this

cable : yet this apparent imp flibility was they are forever destined to depend, tor

conftitution, there was witnelled, probatheir political confitutions, on accident feed by an event seemingly the most || biy for the first time since the world be.

inauspicious. The revolutionary struggle and force."

gun, a convention of delegates fairly chia Many and fingular were the advantages, presenting to the whole country a com

fen, representing the several diliriĉis of a mon caufi, a common interest, and a under which republican institutions have

widely extended country, each of them incommon danger, linked together hearts, dividually interested in the public liberty been formed and established in this favour

which, from colonial prejudices, had been ed land. The hand of Heaven has drawn

and prosperity, highly distinguished many totally estranged to each other. The men a line of demarcation, that seperates us

of them for patriotism and political wif. of the South were brought to harmonize | dom, possessing the public confidence, hav. from the other nations of the earth, and with the hardy sons of the Eall; they


before them every instructive docu. sets us at a happy distance from the con.

became a band of brothers ; and “by ment that could be drawn from the histo. tamination of their examples and from the

their joint counsels, arms, and efforti, fangs of their power. We speak the same

ry of ancient and modern republics-who

without meeting with intrusion, interruplanguage ; we profess the same religionSghting side by side throughout a long

and bloody war, they nobly establisherion, or any incident that might awe or a religion that inculcates all those humane their general liberty and independence.”

discompose them, pored several monthis in principles, all those focial affections, all

The more difficult task, however, fill | filigent, cool and patient coralia 75 * The Federalift.

remained to be atchieved.-The feeble ties and at length, by their joint efforts and ale

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