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Driginal El'ays.

has he such boundless scope for pra&tis. The history of republics, both ancient

ing the cunning arts of deception, for his and modern, abounds with instances and Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,

own advancement, as in a free republic. examples, which are evincive of the truth Enrich our columns, and intruct mankind. Here he “ stoops to conquer.” Here of these sentiments. The popular arts of

" he lays couching, head on ground, with Julius Cæsar paved the way for his sub.

cat-like watch.” Though his heart be, in verting the Roman Republic. In the FOR THE BALANCE.

reality, as cold as the snows on Hecla, it tactions at Rome, Cæsar was the prime

affe&s to yearn toward the people. For demagogue. He zealously espoused the POLITICAL SKETCHE6.

them he makes his “ dole,” and pours people's cause against the aristocracy of

torih professions of unbounded attachment the patricians. No arts to ingratiate him. No. VII.

to their interests ; which rhey requite with self with the people and win their affec. “ All the world's a stage-

their considence. His flatteries are offer. And all the men and women merely players."

tions, did he omit. With his flattering SHAKESPEARE. ed to willing ears : his seductive arts suc speeches and patriotic harangues, he coax

ceed. While able and genuine patriots, ed them. With his folema and frequent HEN ambition to possess 100 honest and noble minded to make use Il professions of high regard for their interpower is the ruling paffion, men, accord.

of mean artifices, are neglected, perhaps | efts, he insinuated himself into their affecing to a diversity of circumstances, act

loaded with execrations, the fly impostortions, and became their darling, their isometimes a comic, sometimes a tragic climbs into power, of which, when it is dol.--And were the people so ungrateful part. in an absolute monarchy, where

firmly established, he seldom fails to make as to refuse, in return for such civilities, the prince is the sole fountain of honour a tyrannical use.

che total surrender of their liberties ?-and power, aspiring men, while they ob.

It has been excellently remarked, fome | They were not.-When that crafty aspirferve a haughty demeanor toward the peo

years ago, by a very able writer in this ling general, at the bloody Ahrine of whose ple, devoutly offer their daily incense of

country, “that a dangerous ambition more ambition more than a million lives bad adulation at the foot of the throne. often lurks behind the specious mask ol

been immolated in foreign countries ; The monarch is approached with supple t zeal for the rights of the people, than un. when he turned his arms against the reknee, and is besieged with all the arts of der the forbidding appearances of zeal for public, and marched his army to Rome, cringing fycophancy. On the other hand, the firmness and efficiency of government. the people were his partisans : they rein a republic, where all offices and pow- | Hiftory will teach us, (continues this wri. ceived him into the city with transports er originate from the people, there never ter,) that the former has been found a of joy. Rending the air with thouts, fails to be played off a variety of juggling | much more certain road to the iniroduc- they proclaimed bim perpetual dictator, arts, to caich the attention and win the

tion of despotism than the latter, and that and, with infinite alacrity, bowed their favour of that sovereign body. A crafty of those men who have overturned the necks to his iron yoke. Yet the Romans ambitious man, who is determined to rise liberties of republics, the greatest number

were brave and haughty : they loved lib. per fas et nefas, by right or wrong, ea. have begun their career by paying an erty even inore than lite ; and no man, but fily bends to particular circumstances and obsequious court to the people, commenc

Cæsar, could have robbed them of this situations. At Rome, under the hierar. || ing demagogues and ending tyrants.

jewel. Had the stern blunt old Cato made chal sway, he would have pressed among

the attempt, every Roman citizen would the foremost, to kils the toe of the chief * Letters addrifed to the people of ll have aimed a pike at his breast; but the poniiff. At the court of a prince, he the State of New.York, in the jear usurper was the man of the people ; it was would assiduously study all the phrales ini 1,87, unler the signaiure of Publius,” || Cæsar, who had folen their hearts by his gestures of grols adulation : but no wie aird entitled " The Federalist..

carefles and flatteries ; it was Cafar, the

demagogue, the people's friend: they were with detellation. We do not, cherefore, The members who voted for this resolu. content that he should become ablolute extol our moderation for noi having orgi tion were Messrs. Brown, Burr, Butler, master of the nation---they even gjoried in ized a party throughout the United S.arcs Edwards, Gunn, Hawkins, Martin, Rob. their chains.

to raise at a muinent's warning in oppofi- inlon, Taylor, and to complete the lift, Oliver Cromwell, who subverted the

tion to the treaty as foon as a surrepitious Munroe, the very man who is now the Republic in England, and, with the title of copy could be circulated through the me. Envoy Extraordinary on the present occa.

fion. Protector, invested himself with more than

dium of the papers. We make no pretenkinglv powers, began his career as a skil

fions to derive the least share of approba The next ground of clamour was, that

tion for not imialog a celebrated writer a the tal praétitioner of all the cunning and vil.

preadeni had not submitted to the Sen. bainous arts of a demagogue.

Carried gainst the Britih treaty, who in his hurry are all his intentions and instructions, pre. (says Hune) by his natural temper to an

to inflame and prepullets the populace, un. vivusly to the Envoy's departure, and imperious and domineering policy, he yet

dertook to analyze its merits, before it ar taken their advice upon the whole. Mr. knew, when neceffary, to einploy the n:oft

rived, and even begun with The Treaty Charles Pinckney, now our ambassador ai profound diffimulation, the most oblique

is said to be arrived." We have not, in the Court of Spain, thought proper to pro. and refined artifice, the fen.blance of the

dced, commiflioned any demagogue to get cuire a meeting of the inhabitants of greatest moderation and simplicity.”.

together a rabble of the lowest of the popu. Charleston on this occasion, in which he Cromwell's restless insatiable ambition was

lace in every sea port in the Union, and got up and made an elaborate address to demand ofthem to vote that the treaty con.

I them. In the course of his speech, as hid under a homely and simple exterior. In his dress, he was plain ; in his minners,

tains commercial ftipulations ruinous to carefully collected from his own notes unceremonious and coarie.

He was pro

our interest. We have had no citizens to and inspected by himself,” he thus exprell. felledly a king.hater, a derefter of nobility,

mount a bench in the midit of a frantic l, ed himself: a mortal enemy to pomp


croud, and move to kick the treaty to “ If this is the fact, that Mr. Jay's in

pageantry, a devoted friend to the equal rights of the

Hell."* We have not had a thousand “ ftructions for forming this treaty were people. Alleting to be a itranger to pride

forms of objections prepared before-hand, “ not submitted to the senate, nor receiv. and lent round the country to appear as orig

ed their allent, he considered it as a mat. and haughtiness, he mixed familiarly in the lowet companies, and let down his

inal in all the newspapers. We have not “ ter of great importance indeed, and that con'ersation to coarle vulgarity and buf

hired blackguards to aflail with brickbats in required the moit terious attention of the foonery. His public speeches were in

the streets any man who dare speak his “ people, how far the conftitution ever terlarded with praises of himself; and his

mind ; ner have we procured one of the “ intended to authorize the president to protestations of attachment to the rights of

L----- to march to the battery with a mob enter into any negociation with a foreign

at his heels and burn the treaty, together the people were entorced with fobs & tears,

power, without his having first fubmit& with the most folemn appeals to heaven.

with the negociator in effigy.--No; we " lid his intentions and injirudions 10 : Tiat arch-demagogue, duit political have done nothing like this, and we claims " the senate and received their advice and juggler, in a thort space of time, was a.

no sort of credit for not having done it. " allent, as well with respect to the reble to gralp unliinised powers of love.

Again; we have not pressed our adver cellity of such regociation, as to the

saries in the manner that circumstances reignty: and after he had swept away the

propriety of his instructions. whole fabric of popular government and

would juftly warrant on the score of their “ His opinion clearly was, that the conestablished a miliary delpotism in its

glaring inconsiliencies, with themselves, “ ftitution gave no power to the president fread, he received gratulations and affec

both in profession and actions, and which to commence a negociation, without pre. tionate addresles from the people--as

ftare them in the face on the public re viously submiting his intentions and in.

cords. much as to far, we lumil, thank you,

The first step they took was the ve. Atructions to the senate, requiring their fir, for voluntarily taking upon vaielt

ry fep they had reprobated in a former • advice and receiving their assent. The the care and trouble of becoming our

Presideni, both in ine Senate and through “ words - by and with the advice and inalter."

the medium of their presies. When it " consent of the lenate" admit no other was proposed to the Senate by Gen. Wath

explanaiion. He cannot be said to adington to find an envoy extraordinary to “ vile with them upon a measure, if te Great Britain to demand redress for the “ forms a treaty without their knowleda,

wrongs committed on our commerce, the " and merely leaves to them the power of Political

democrats, aliei aitempuina no less than determining whether they vill ratify it

leven different times to throw the subject or not, after it has been folemnly con. FROM THE EVENING FOST.

out by postponement, at length moved the " cluded by the miniftcr.
following Resolution :

“ The true construction of this article,
Refolved, That any communications and the use the people of the union will
to be made to the Come of Great Brii

one day require to be made of it, is, it tain, may be made through our miniller " the prefident thought a foreign negocia. WE think we mniyhi juftly lay claim to at that court with equal facility, and at " tion neceflary, that he should previfome little credit froin our opponents for * much less expence than by an Envoy ously contuli the senate, and be gov. the manner in which we have conducted “ Extraordinary, and that such an ap " erned by their opinion, how far it with relation to this Tieaty; so opposite in pointment is at present inexpedient.” " would be proper, and upon what conevery respect to theirs on a former occa

ditions, to proceed in it; 11 a power fion. But it is important that we should * A leading citizen of Philadelphia, was to be given to the president to enter not he misunderitood. We do not mean at a meeting, at the head of which were " into negociations with foreigners, with that any merit ariles from our having ab. Dallas, M'Shean, Dr. Shippen, and

out acquainting the senare with the na. fained from the outrageous and shameful Blair M linachan, and of which the last ture, or the connections he willes to conduct to which they at that time descend was chairman, role and made the follow form, and he should mciely leave to ed. We cannot in confcierce or in de. ing motion : "Linake a motion, that iu " them the power of railving or not, it cency predicate a claim for praise for not ery gooil citizen in this affimbly kick inis " must at once, be seen, ihat the agency, doing what we have never spoken of but damned trocty to hell."

" which the conftitution intended to give

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" the senate, in the formation of treaties, umns) " to be concluded."~In one place the elab. 11 being left entirely vacant. Many who " was in a great mea'ure destroyed : and

orate writer says, “ I fear that in another century were acidentally crowded forward, retired " that as it was an unulual, and some. America will be destituie of fire-wood." As this behind, and chose rather to ftand up be" times a hazardous thing, and productive

does not appear to be a very forcible argument ei. hind, shan to continue forward, where " of war, or other national calamiries, ther for or against dry.ducks, we would advise the the liglic of the candles expolcd tein. " for nations to reliese to ratify a treaty af.

writer to make use of it to prove that the timber ven Cheetham himself food behind the ter it had been signed by the minister,

growing in Louisiana may fetch more money for chimney in the dark, quite at the buck of “ who, it is to be supposed, was properly

fire-wood some centuries hence, than the whole

the room! I think, therefise, we have no. instructed, and acted agreeably to the province has cost the United Sia:es -- In another thing to tear from the iniluerce of the " instructions and wishes of those who place, the writer has improved on Mr. Jefferson’s | Theiltıcal gentleman upon the ciuzers of " (eot bin, there could be no doubt of

plan of dry-cocking, and has produced

New York." " improper treaties being FORCED up

idence on the subject." This evidence is an old " on the people." vessel which lies near Albany, keel upwards."

GOOD NEW S. In Sonth Carolina, Washington Dif. The writer (who is a lawyer, and understands such trict, •The Franklin, or Republican S.)

things) has examined this evidence, and he says, ciety of Pendleton county,' had a meet

she contradicts every thing" that has been said

In a laie Watch Tower the pleasing information

is announced, “thii Gur. Cliriton in comparatively ing on the subject of the Creaty, in which aby t the springing and cracking of vessels which

youthful"-that “he is not too old for his otrice they pailed leveral resolutions, and circu. are laid up.-Now this old vessel is in the same

and that “he is not blind !! lated them through all the democratic

condition as a ship in dry.dock, excepting in a few prefles ; among these resolutions we no. particulars, viz.--First, instead of lying on dry ince the following:

sand, she lies in the water-sec
second, instead of being

Captain " Mark Anthony" Bee, says, that « Mr. Rilovel, That by the constitution of

under cover, she is exposed, at all times (to use Jefferson never appointed an old try to oflice unless " the United States, all treaties are to be

our lawyer's “ sta phrase") to “all the grief of he had previously ckangeii bio principles."--Strange, 6. made by and with the advice and

weather"-third, instead of lying on her bottom, she that Satan will always shew his cloven foot! Who consent of the fenate”—that is, no treaty

lies " keel upwards.”—Is not this an improvement could have thought itiat Holt would ever confess “ Lill be negociaied without the advice on dry docks ? " Answer who can."

that an old tory had nothing to do to get into clice, firit taken, nor excepte i without the

but to become a good democrat? consent of the fenate. --B:1t the senate, as such, were ignorant of the principal

Though it is no wise strange that multitudes of We are happy to notice the enlargement and im. or bafis of theirearv illelf. We admit people, in the United States, should be totally is.

provement of the New Haven Visitor, It has res “ they were made acquainted with the ap. norant of the geographical situation of Louisiana,

ceived the additional title of “ CONNECTICUT pointment of Jay, but did not instruct

it might have been expeercd that all the nationalle. Post," and is published on a large sheet, in folio. " him, nor were intormed of bis instruc.

gislators would have been well informed on this subcions. He was initiucteil, or he was ject; yet it is a well attested fact, that Mr. B

The subscriber acknowledges the receipt of several nut!--if he was ! We will drop ihe

Pa, a member of Congress, a short time before curtar! it noi, and acted of and

letters containing sheiches of the character and conthe commencement of its present session, asst rted, duct of T***** K *****. A transaction of his, a for himfelf, we hall lameni only the

in the presence of a number of pecple, with confi. wart of a GUILLOTINE !

short time previous to his leaving Schenectad., is dent assurance, and with all the appearance of bon

mentioned by all my correspondents ; and it casts a " In the net ciation with Great Brit

est simplicity, tha the vast territory called Louisia. ain, the female was in /://ion, and le

deeper shade, is possible, on his character, than five na lies on the East side of the Missisippi !!! were they called on to advise ? D

late letter-afair. I have, however, very good reasons' " they give instructions ? They did noi.

for not making use of the informarim in a public INFIDELITY IN THE BACK-GROUND.

It is doubtiess the duty of every person 10 Refolved, That we consider it becuming in a high degree the duty of the

We have heard much boasting of the progress of

detect and expose knavery; but it is not, there icre, “ house of representatives of the general Deism and Infidelity in ihe city of New-York ; and necessary for every person who derects a knave, to government, to enquire into fo bold an of the talents and intiuerce of the blind (emphati- reply to the abuse which the fellow niay beston, ipa

on him. The annexel anecdote coi.cludes ai! I haie attack on the palladium of our rights || cally oli:uí) Palmer. The fellowing letter received " 'is impoflible they can suffer to flagrant by one of the editors from a country friend, now in

to say on the subject :-* a breach in the conflitution to puts un.

Some years ago it was customary in Canecive ut New York, will serve to shew that Palmer has si noticed!" but te w foilowers, and those few are ashamed to be

to compel horse thieves (in addition to other punishThere very decent Resolutions were not

ment) to sit for a given time on a wooden horse, krown :only publifhed, but to ftanp them with

exposed to the jests ani taiints of the crowd. An

" New York, Nov. 14th, 1803. authenticity and ensure them the greater

old hardened rogue, having in conseq'ence of some

trick, arrived at this distinguishet er valion, while currency, the real names of the principal persons who were present were added.

Having heard much said of the De. surrounded by a multitude of hissing boys, fell tu aThis conftitutional objection was, in short,

ist Paimer, I had the curiosity to attend at busing the sheria's deputy who liad betin instrumenechoed from Georgia to New Hampshire.

Snow's hotel last evening, to hear him de. ial in bringing hinu to punistimea!, calling him all

liver a moral discourse, as he calls it ; and the hard names of thief, villain, rascal, Pic. &c. (TO BE CONTINUED.)

although notice had been given of the meet - The deputy bye it all, with much good nature paing in the newspapers of the city, but 54 tience, till the jockey had exhau ed his while

persons attended. And, what was lui stock of epithets, which looned him in the face Balance Closet.

more to the honor of the citizens, thole and calmly asked, “ Dots all this prove that you dul who did attend, seemed to conlider the not commit the crime for which you are suffering

wreich in that contemptible light, which punishment!" -This question, it is said, calied a DRY DOCKS.

his baleness so well deserves. Luftead of blush into the iace of the criminal.

crowding to the foremost feats, and filling query. What ellcct would the same que sijon The last Bee contains the comincncement of an them firit, the back seat was filed fist and

have upon T. K? essay on Dry Docks ('uus only abou. iwo col. the two next partly filled--the front seats



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which is greater in the extent of its dimen stone to another without wetting the shoe. sions, and more remarkable, than any oth In some places, however, we found it neer yet explored in this county. It is but || cessary to creep along the sides of the rock, + small distance from the habitation of We felt disagreeable sensations of warmth. Mr. Zackariah Rosekrans, by whose fer- | Far

Farenheit's ihermometer ftood at 65 de. vant it was discovered a few years ago. grees; when in the common atmosphere This black man became insolent, and re it was 57. We saw rotten timber in tbe

tused to labor. He left his master, and chinks of the rock, which doubtless enagricultural.

concealed himself, during the day, in this genders impure air. The water oozes and subterraneous place, ifluing from it, in the drops from the roof, and occafions

night, to supply himself with subsistence. mifiness so great, that, at a small distance, EXTRACT.

Finding his situation rather uncomfortable, the flame of a candle is little more than

and, perhaps, feeling penitent, he returned | perceptible. Alter violent rain, the car. " There is that withholdeth more than is meet, to his master, begged forgiveness, and ern is not capacious enough to receive all but it tendeth to poverty.” made known to him his retreat.

The waters of the stream : that which it SoLoxo N. The Cavern is eltimated to be three cannot admit, rushes past the inlet, and

quarters of a mile in length. The breadth runs in the dire&ion of the cavern. It ARCUS is a husbandman. I through it, called,' in the language of the varies from 20 to 40 feet. A stream flows crosses the road leading to the house of

Mr. Rosekrans, and the body of water is There is not a farmer in the town, who; || Dutch, Ruft.plaes-kill : in English, rejt. || sometimes so great

, that it is troublefame

to travellers. The dry bed of the stream numerous a stock. But though he seldom | ing-place.creek.* This stream, which is

sues from the mountain to the north-welt, sells or kills a beef, or a mutton, he only

is very visible, as it is a smooth rock from runs two miles before it is embosomed juft keeps his number good. His sheep || by the cavern. It emerges about a quar

which a shallow soil has been walked a. Thed hall their wool before shearing time;

way. ter of a mile from the Rondout-creek, his cattle arrive not to their growth, until

and falls into it. The pallage into the they are five or fix years old ; and then

cavern is a considerable distance from its they are but dwarfs : and his yard, every {pring, is thc rendezvous of all the neigh. || and as it is perpendicular to the ground

western extremity. It is very narrow; seonitorial Department. bouring crows; and all because he is too level, there is some difficulty in descendsaving of his hay: If he can make his ling. It is evident, from the forms of the To aid the cause of virtue and religion, creatures live ihrough the winter, he thinks he does well. His object is to keep || ning, that it has been made by the split

blocks of stone, which lie under the opea large stock on a little hay.

E X TRA C T. “ If he buys a breeding mare, what helling of the rock caused by the expansion

of the ice in its cavities. principally regards is a low price. He

On the lides and roof of the cavern, does not consider that a low-priced ani.

SEASONABLE HINTS TO THE LADIES, FOR inal will eat as much as any other ; and which is composed of dark colored lime.

PRESEMVING HEALTH AND PROLONGING that her foals are not of half the value. || stone, we observed impressions of thells,

BEAUTY. His buildings fall into ruins, because he || calcareous spar, and beautiful white and dreads the expence of repairing : and the

yellow flalactites, of different size and very timbers are rotting, while he tries to shape, some of which had much the ap

RESS should be accommodatmake the old covering last as long as pol-pearance of a honey-comb. We found Gble. Rather than be at the expence of

none broken off, or carried away. The ed to ine season and climate. The laws convenient implements for his husbandry, roof is flat, and appears as if it had been of fashion can never controul the conftitu. he depends on borrowing : and the time

cut by a chiflel. Hi the distance of a few rion of our bodies in such a manner, that loit for want of them, and fponi in bor.

rods from the opening, on the west fide, the people of a cold climate can without rowing and returning, every year amounts

the cavern divides isleit into two vaults of real impropriety borrow their modes et to five times their value. Thus Parcus I nearly the fame dicenfions. Near the dress from the inhabitants of a warmer carries on his business, and with great in.

eastern exiremi'y there is a tall of water, one. French fashions ill apply to the fildusty, on a good farm, he just supports

of unknown depih, beyond which no per uation of the Northern parts of the United a moderate family ; while several of his son has yet ventured. We were inform Srates. The turs of Ruflia are much betneighbours, on farmis no better, and with

er, that the common cel, and a species of ter adapted to our winters, than the Fdless labour, are growing rich, only by the sucker, have been caughe in ihis sub brics of France. When we consider how difiretion in saving, and judgmert in

terraneous stream. Last week, when we the health is affected, it becomes an afia.i {pending."

vified it, the water was so shallow, that, of serious moment, to whom we look for in many parts, we could step from one direction in forming our taste in


dress. I: would discover more real good * This name originated from the fol. lense to form our own ;-but as this would

louing circumtance :-Phen the country, he troublesome, I do not expect we ihali Miscellany.

to the west of isopus, was yet uncultiva ever be to independant. Foreigners re

ted and without roads, the inhabitants, mark, that the ladies of America lose their FROV THE PLEBEIJN.

of the firil settlements, in the trurji2ps of bloom and impair their vivacity, at a very

Álomtukus and Napınok, required 70 early period of lite. I am of the opinion, DESCRIPTION

durys to travel to if pus. . They pull that the irregularity of our climate is the OF A CAVERY IN ULSTER COUxrr.

the night at farm houses on the side of this incipal cause of it is unfortunae fact. ABOUT the diftance of fourteen miles creek; hince it received the name of place Prehaps this is a misfor'une, ausinft wich Touth-west from Elopus, there is a cavern, of reft.

ihere is no perfect rencay. The effects



of it, however, may be partly counteract. || bestow, we have a title? Can they doubt,

bestow, we have a title? Can they doubt, l; chase upon the face of the treaty itself ? ed; and our women may preserve their but that France has not a tiile from Not a country, but his Catholic Majesty's health, their vivacity and their beauty | Spain ? Will our passing an act to make | promise to cede a country at a future time much longer than they do. There is no provision for carrying this treaty into effect and on certain conditions.-Now as the doubt, that a warmer dress, in the winter, || impair our title ? If it should hereafter treaty itself furnishes no evidence of title, than is usually worn by our fernales, would appear that Spain has a title, and that ti. we enquire for the evidence on this fub. meliorate their constitution, and contri tle is un-conveyed to France, it certainly ||ject? We ask, have the conditions of the bute to their happiness.

will not. It appears to me that it will be treaty between France and Spain, ever little better than a mockery, to enquire at been fulfilled ? Have the fix months elapf. this time whether we have a title to this ed ? If so, let us see the actual cession territory. So long as we are intormed by which Spain promised to make. It not, has the executive that we are to be put in pos- | Spain ever waved the performance of those sesion, and that he has powers so to do, conditions, and thereby yielded the title to we need not in the present instance inquire France? If Spain has ever done this, we farther.

ask for the evidence of it-Let us know MR. LYON,

whether Spain assents or dissents to our Was in favor of the resolution, but taking possession of the country. thought it had been brought forward in a

This information, we desire, not for the Congress of the Union. disrespectful manner. [We have not been purpose of ratifying or rejeĉting the trea.

able to learn at what period Matthew Ly. ll ty—this belongs to the president and senate INTERESTING DEBATE,

on first began to feel squeamish on this alone, but for enabling us to judge, what head. Has the word di frespect the same

laws are necessary to be passed, or wheth. On Mr. R: GRISWOLD's Resolution for calling on meaning now that it had when Mr. Lyon er any, for the government of the country. the President for the title to the province of Lou was formerly in Congress ?

But it is said that the treaty provides isiana.


that a commissary shall be sent by France

to the ceded territory, to receive its posses. Next offered the following sound and (CONTINUED.)

sion from Spain and transmit it to us. conclusive arguments.

It is therefore ot no importance to us to
The object to be obtained by seeing the know, whether France has any title ? If
papers requested to be laid before us, is to

the commissary cannot receive possession In opposition to Mr. Grilwold, rose ascertain, whether France, from whoin we

from Spain he cannot transmit it to us. and said, I hope the house, will not have received a cession of Louisiana, had

But suppose the mandates of the First Conagree to this resolution. I am well aware derived from Spain, any title to that coun. sul of France, is now law to Spain, may of the consequences which may result | try. Gentlemen say, that it is unnecef not the time come, when a different flate from requiring papers from the executive fary for us to know this-that France has of things will exift? And may we not, bebefore the business comes fully before the declared in the treaty, that she has an“ in. fore we pay fifteen millions of dollars, inhouse. The gentleman who brings it for conteftible title to the domain and to the

quire whether our title to the territory is ward, has varied a little in mentioning the il possession of the said territory.” Such in found? word subject. I know it is a favorite ex deed, are the words of the treaty, but But a gentleman from Virginia (Mr. pression with the gentleman. The pecul- France has not left the matter here--If that

Randolph) has said that there is a great difiar penchant, of some gertlemen for this declaration had been simply made, there ference between this case and that of the expression, will be an excuse for my va. would have been more in the argument British treaty to which he has referred. rying my phraseology. A cummiffary

but the treaty has gone farther, and told In that case, says the gentleman, the house has been sent from France to Louisiana, us, what that inconteftible title is ! And

of representatives said to the president, do that which may be necessary, and of what is it? All the title of France to the

• sir, we detest your treaty." But this trea. which the gentleman is doubtful, and 10 ceded territory is derived from the third

ty, the gentleman says, has been hailed by transmit his proceedings to the president article of her treaty with Spain, of the first of the United States. It appears from

the country as a blessed thing. I do not O&ober, 1800. That article is introdu. know fir, how the people of this country this that provision is making on the parı ced into the treaty, now on our table, and

can have expressed their approbation of of France, to put us in possession of the is nothing more than a promise on the part

this treaty. It is now for ihe firft time, territory, and of the citizens of Louisi. of his Catholic majesty. -“ To cede to the

been made public, and its terms and con. ana, as soon as we on our part ratily the French republic fix months after the full icons, have been heretofore urknown, treaty. There is therefore a necessity to " and entire execution of the conditions and cannot suppose that the people of this our making provision to carry it into ef. and flipulations herein, relative to his

country will consider it as a blefed thing feet. There was in the famous treatı royal highness the Duke of Parma, the

fitteen millions of dollars for a with Great Brtain, objections, almost in "Colony and province of Louhana," &c.

country, to which they get no title. numerable. Langauge of this kind was Our treaty with Fiance then goes on 10

Mess. Srilie, Randolph, Elliot, and then held up in the house, it was said fay," and whereas, in pursuance of the

Nichellonipokeagair fthe resolution, and we detest your treatv.

A treaty
faid treary, and particularly the third ar

Mr. Thaicher in favor of it, when very different from that of London-ticle, the French repubic has ar curlesa ireaty advantageous and popular is ible title," &c. So hat Frince not on

DR MITCHELL, made with France. If we find it a Tu tells us that he has an unconteftible tj.

After a (peech of fome length, in which good treaty,

we furely ought to mak ile to the ceded terri.ory ; builhe a foreils he entered into a geographical defcription

Shall we take an excep provision for it. 11s what that inconreftitile anticisaand it

of the boundaries of Lufiana, &c. moved tion to our own title, when France he is nothing but a piom're on the part of

for a posiponemeni ofite refluron. pledged herself for its validity ? Shall wo Sain, ro cede six months after the tuiti

MR. R. GRISWOID, reture to be put in poff-stion? Cinary ment, of certain conditions, relating to the I cannot believe the gentleman firm gentleman doubt that as far as France can Duke of Pana. What then do we pur New.Yuik (D. Miche']) is ienicus, in


to pay


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