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the Attorney. General does the like. · This meaning, "why are they put it? Toin: tey with felony, the judge (I think bis is the issue'; and he submits the deier. fert words without meaning would be ri. name was Foster) told the jury, that un. mination of it to twelve of his equals. diculous; and I am convinced, in my own lels the prosecutor proved the ducats were

C. Pray what do you mean by the words mind, that there is more in the words than put into Alhley's pocket, with the intent manner and torm?

jurymen are aware of, or else the uniform laid in he indi&tment, they must aquit 7. By the words manner and form, I practice of putting them in informations him; “ for (iaid the judge) the inteni is apprehend, Sir, the delendant means would not have prevawed from the first the principal thing to be considered." say, that he did not publish a false, scan. commencément of thai mode of profecu- \. There is no harm in the bare putting ducats dalous, and feditious libel. tion io the present id,

into another man's pockel-it is the intenC. How then can thao be true which

C. Have you never heard what altercation with which they are put there that my neighbour Farmer Jones told me?

tions there have been about the world, constitutes the crime. The same rule pre. 7. It cannot. For no honeft Judge i falfe ?

vails in the case of an indiĉment for an will direct me to find the defendant guilty

affault with an intent to commit a rape, if of the mere publishing the little book let

1 Yes, and I very well remember, that in the case of the K. and Oven, Mr.

the intention be not proved. The case of forth in the intormation, when I am sworn to try the isfire between the parties joined, Prare (now L. Camd) infifted upon 11,

a clergy man is so remarkable, that I canthat as the word te was put in ine in.

not omit it upon this occasion : In a ser. which is, whether the defendant did pub.

mon he preached, he recited a story out of lith a false, scandalous, and fecutious libel, formation, the prosecutor wins haund 10

F x's Martyrology, and one Greenwood, and nut whether he did publ in the little

prove it lo, or the defendant ought to be book or paper set forth in the information, a quired.

being a prejudiced person, and a great for that is not wha: I am sworn to iry.

C. And what did the judge say upon the pertecutor, had great plagues inflated up

on him, and was killed by the Hand of C. But pray, Sir, when a person is in. occafiin?

God: Whereas, in irith. he never was dicted tor murder, does not the indictment 7. Wnat did he fay! He said the jury is to plagued, and was himselt, present at ftace, that the criminal was moved and se had nothing to do but to find the publica licha fermon; and he thereupon brought duce! by the iuft gation of the Devil ?

his action upon the case for calling him a 7. Yes.

c. Did they find the publication ? prejudiced person ; and the defendant C. Is that part of the indictment neces. farv to be proved ?

7. No-they knew and maintained the nl aded not grader. Wray, chief juitice,

dervered the law to the jury that it being 7. Mit ceariy not-nor is it neceffary him not guilty, though the bare tatt of 7. Mitc eativ no:---nor is it necellary Righis of an English Jury-chey tound

delivered as a story, and not with any mal. to let it for b in the indi&tinent, as I con.

ice or intention to lander any person, he cewe, tor it twie words were co be left publishing was proved as clear as possible out, and the initiélment iflice, thaithe

was not guilty of the words maliciously, --ipon which the then Attorney-General ad trefled himlelt to the jury, and faid,

and so was tound nor guiltv. from these criminal did on such a liat durer a par· Genilemen, do you mean to say that the

cases it plainly appears, that the law con. ticular person therein named with mahce defendant did not publish the paper, or

liders the intention in criminal as well as prepenfi, I conceive thout the indictment Pirela book set forth in the information ?"

civil profecutions. wald be as good and clientual in lav, as

We find him not guilty-" D you say if ine words inoret a fiduced by the in tigaiion of the Deul were intered.

he did not publish it ?"-We find hiin C. If therefore wese words, which are

not guilty--this is our verdiet, and we will

abile by it. gerlerai'y inserted in indicuments, are por necellary to be proved, how comes it a. C. And what do you mean to inter irom boui, ihat you so strenuously infilt, that

thence ? the Atorn y General is bound to prove 7. I mean to infer, that if the simple that the little book, or paper, fet torino in fate of publithing was the only thing the the information, is falle, scandalous, and jury hari tu do with, the Court upon an. sedi ious ?

pication would have set the verdict afile, Corumbian Congress 7 I apprehend, that as every publica as being against evidence, and the profe. tion is not erminal, it is neceflery 10 citor would not have been backward in point out fomething to the publication you making fuch anplication--but he was too

SENATE. complain of to render it so, or eise there prudent, ter he knew the jury had a right is no difference in publications, to determine whether it was a libel or noi,

Monday, Oc?ober 17. C. That is true how then can you re js much as they have a righe lo determine conci't finding a defendant guilty of the whether a person is guilty of mur ler. And Twenty-nine members appeared and bare publication of a libel, or little book, every one knows, charitti bare ati of kil.

100k th:ar seats. when the iniormation chargeth him with ling does not amount to murder, any mure After reading the M-Tage of the Pres. publishing, a false, fcandalous, and fedi. than the mere publishing a line book a.

ideni, a confidential a Immunication, actious libel, and not the least fallhovi, scan. moines to achme.

companied by the Louifuna Trealy, and dal, or fedrion, has been proved ?

C. Piar, Sir, does not the information

Tundliv documents, were received from 7. I cannot reconcile it to my con sonumes aliedge, that inc libel vir lielie

the Pefident, scie, *.

book was published with an intent to scan (.wsjinpo'tant fubjeft the Sunale are C Nit when my Lord Judge tells you, dalize government ?

now ergared with cod dears. yoti have nothing to do, but to find the bare

7. Yis. phics? 7. N:

HOUSE OF REPRISENTATIVES, --:t all he jinges in Europ

C. 1 is necessary to prove the intent ? we e in tell me fos-- llit ito'l any ma's j. I think is, very will remenPriscip"!', tine uns, talle, co ber, in ile cale u Smedis } } -, wwkinn

Torfun. Oinoner .8 dalous, and it inous, nem ro

words is wd in difter the Pillo y ruca'si:1041. Tir Hiu' (tabell o lock cad. tural, aici mog min.-it they have av i Ivy's puche, with au mteut to chuig Aids im nedtukety puccedeulo vas.

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DETWEE "TIE

reture

September 24th, which says—" A Spanille the Spanish minister has remonstrated to
schooner is just arrived here from Havan. our government against the United States
nah with orders to the Governor not to give taking poffeflion of Louisiana.

.
up the poffeffion of Louisiana to either
France or the United Siates; but to wait LOUISIANA TREATY.

for far her insiructions from the Court of
Be it our weekily task,
Spain.”

On the 2011 ult, the Senate ratified the To note the passing tidings of the times.

Treaty by, which France has ceded Lousfi. [CONFIRMATION]

ana to the United States ; 24 votes in the Hudson, November 1, 1803.

FROM CADIZ, Argest 17. affirmative, and 7 in the negative. We • The situation of our market has expe.

are sorry to learn that one federalift, Mr. On Wedne day, the 19th O&t. the rienced very little change since my lait,

Dayton, voted in the aflirmative. The House of Representatives were engaged on but the political situation of this country is

treaty, is as follows :the Resolution offered by Mir. Dawson, for very much altered indeed. When I wrote

TREAT Y altering the Conftitution. The Refolu. vou lat war with Logland was expected tion, of which the following is a copy, pal. every instant ; now we are given to unled after a Gori debate. derfland, we are on the belt terms with

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

KAND THE Resolved, by the Senate and House of Great Britain, and perhaps on the eve of

This sudden

FRENCH REPUBLIC. Representatives of the United States of X- || hoftility with France. merica, in Congress asembled, two thirds change in the politics of the cabinet of

The President of the United Siates o Madrid arises from the conduct of Bana. of both houses concurring, that the follow

America and the Fint Consul, in the name ing article be proposed to the legislatures parie towards Spain in the sale of Louilia:

of the French people, defining to of the several states, as an amendment to na to the United States. It appears the

all fource of misundertanding relative : the constitution of the United States,

ceflion of that province by Spain to Frasco
was under certain conditions, many of

objecis of discussion mentioned in the le. which, when ratified by three fourths of

cond hot fifth articles of the convention or which have not been fulfilled, and others the said legislatures, shall be valid, to all

the 8th Vendemaire, an 9, (30:h Sapa intents and purpoies, as part of the said

glaringly violated. A person of good in.

formation has assured me that remonftran. conftitution, viz.

ber, 1800) relative to the rights claimed

by the Uniied States, in virtue of the trea.; That in all future elections of Prefident ces have been made to the First Consul np.

concluded a Madrid the 27th of Oftober, and Vice Prelident, the perlons voted for

on this head, with a vigor and energy that thall be particularly designated, by declar. ivas not to be expected from a government

1795, between his Catholic 11-j-Ny znú

The laid United States, and will ! ing which is voted for as President, and

generally supposed subservient to the will
of France. And fimilar representations are

frengthen the union and friendhip which which as Vice President. The person vot.

at ile time of the said conveniion was baped for as Prelident, having the greatest to be made by our minifters in the United

poly reestablihed bet.seen ihe tuvo nations, number of votes, shall be the President,

States to your government, as it is inaint

ed, that by the non-fulfilment on the part dich number be a majority of all the elec

have relpectively named their plenirles

tarios, to wit, the Prefident of the Conei of France of the conditions on which the tors appointed; il nu person have such na

Srates, by and with the advice and content was to have Louisiana, she has neither the jority, then train tic five highest on the

of the Senate of the said Staies, Robert R. Tint of those voled tor as President, the

right to poffels it herself, nor to sell it to
tle United Siates. This revolution in

Livingston, minifler plenis atentiary of the House of Representatives ihall immediate.

United States, and James Monroe, minil. ly choose by ballot one of them as Presi.

the European affairs may produce the most dent. Anil in eve: y case, the person votimportant consequences. Conjecture is

ter pleripotertiary and envoy extraordina.

rv ofihe said States, near the Government ed for as Vice Prelident, having the great. afloat about the destination of the small fleet

of the French Republic; and the Firit eft number of votes thall beche Vice Prelo here, of six leventy-fours and eight fri.

Consul, in the naine of the French people, ideni ; but if there ih uld be two or more

gates ; but the general opinion is that the
Havanna will be its destination, with the

cilizen Francis Burbe Marbuis, minister of who have equal votes, the Senate Thali choose onc ot them for Vice President. view of blockading the Milli lippi, in case

the public treasury, who, afer having rel. vour government ratifies the treaty wish agreed to the tollowing articles :

pectively excharged their tall powers, have This one good all of our present ad. Fiance. The militia of all this kingdom ministration, may be considered as a ker.

Article I. WHEREAS, by article the is in motion. It is supposed the king will

third of the treaty concluded at St. Idcivel of wheat found amongst a buihel of

make a general review at Vallaciolid. The chaff.

fonfo, the 8th Vendemaire an 9. (1fl Ottonature of the other military preparations ber, 1800) between the Finn Conful of the

evidently news that they are directed a. The same day, a moion made by Mr.

French Republic and his Catholic Majesty, gaidil France. It is the general opinion Randolph, that the members of the house, iha: Great Britain will second the efforts of

it was agreed as follows : in teitimony of national gratitude towards

“ His Catholic Majelly promises and Spain for preveniing Louisiana encreasing the memory of that unlaunted patriot, the already too extensive territory of the

engages' on his

part to cede to the SAMUEL ADAMS, deceali, wear a crape

" French Republic, fix months alter the United States, and that Spain in return has around the left arm one monih,” was a

" full and entire execu'ion of the condi. pledged hersell for the defence of Portugreed to unanimously.,

" tions and stipulations herein relative to gal against France. Time will thew what

“ his Royal Highness the Duke of Parma, will be the result of this. But depend upFrom the Philadelphia Gazette

" the colony or Province of Louisiana, on it, that some great events are brewing " with the same extent that it now has in VERY IMPORTANT. upon the continent of Europe."

" the hands of Spain, and that it had when

“ France possessed it ; and such as it A letter was received on Saturday by a

[FURTHER CONFIRMATION.] " should be after the treaties subsequently merchant in this city from his correspond. A letter was received in town yesterday, s.entered into between Spain and other ent at New Orleans (per brig Party) dated Il by the southern mail, which mentions that " States."

And whereas, in pursuance of the trea three months after the ratification of this | Vendemaire, an. 9.) is approved, and to ty, and particularly of the third article, the treaty

have its execution in the same manner as French Republic has an inconteftible title Article VI. The United States prom. | if it had been inserted in this present treato the domain and to the poffeffion of the ise to execute such treaties and articles as ty, and it shall be ratified in th: same form said territory. The Firft Conful of the may have been agreed between Spain and and in the same time, so that the one shall French Republic de firing to give to the the tribes and nations of Indians, until, || not be ratified diflinct from the other. United Siates a firony proot of his friend by mutual consent of the United States Another particular convention signed at Hip, doth hereby cede to the said United and the said tribes or nations, other suita- the fame date of tho present treaty, relaStates, in the name of the French Repub. ble articles shall have been agreed upon. tive to a definitive rule between the conlic for ever and in full fovereignty, he laid Article VII. As it is reciprocally ad. tracting parties, it is in like manner apterritory, with all its rights and appurte. vantageous to the commerce of France and proved, and will be ratified in the same nances, as fully and in the same manner as the United States to encourage the com form, ard in the same time, and jointly. they have been acquired by the French munication of both nations for a limited time in the country ceded by the prelent ratified in good and due form, and she rat

Article X. The present treaty shall be Republic in virtue of the aborementioned treaty, concluded with his Catholic Majer treaty, until general arrangement relativelification shall be exchanged in the space of ty

to the commerce of both nations

may
be

six months after the date of the signature · Article II. In the ce:tion made by the agreed on; it has been agreed between the by the ministers plenipotentiary, and soonpreceeding article are incinded the adja: / contra&ing parties, that the French thips er it poflible. cent islands belonging to Louisiana, all coming directly from France or any of her

IN FAITH WHEREOF, public lots and squares, vacant lands, and colonies, loaded only with the produce and

the respective all public buildings, tortifications, bar. manufactures of France or her said colo. | plenipotentiaries have Ggned these articles racks, and orher edifices which are not pri nies; and the ships of Spain coming di

in the French and Engih languages; vate property. The archives, papers and rectly from Spain or any of her colonies, I declaring nevertheless that the present documents, relative to the domain and loaded only with the produce and manu.

treaty was originally agreed to in the sovereignty of Louisiana and its dependen. factures of Spain or her colonies, shall be

French language ; and have thereunto af

Gxed their seals. cies, will be left in the posteņion of the admitted during the space of twelve years commissaries of the United Siates, and

сор in the port of New Orleans and in all oih. Done at Paris, the tenth day of Floreal ies will be afterwards given in due forin er legal ports of entry within the ceded in the eleventh year of the French Re. to the magiftrates and municipal officers, or territory, in the same manner as the ihips | public, and the 30th of April, 1803. such of the said papers and documents as of the United States coming directly from

BARBE MARBOIS. may be necessary to them.

France or Spain, or any of their colonies, Ros. R. LIVINGSTON, Article III. The inhabitants of the cedwithout being subject to any other or

Jas. MONROE. ed territory fhall be incorporated in the greater duty on merchandize, or other or union of the United Siates, and admilied

greater tonnage than that paid by the citi. as soon as poslible, according to the prinzens of the United States.

Two separate conventions are added to ciples of the tederal conititution, to the en

During the space of time above men the treaty, the First of which ftipulates as joyment of all the rights, advantages and

tioned, no other nation shall have a right to jollows :immunities of citizens oi the United the fame privileges in the ports of the ced.

1. That the government of the United States ; and in the ine?n time they shall

ed territory: the twelve years thall com States pay to France, fixty millions of be maintained and protected in the fieee!?

mence three months after the exchange oil francs, independent of a fum fixed by the joyment of their liberty, property and the

ratifications, it it thall take place in France other.convention for the payment of debts religion which they profess.

or ihree months after it shall have been due by France to the U. S.

notified at Paris in the French govern Article IV. There hall be sent by the

2. That for the payment of this fum, ment, if it shall take place in the United the U. S. shall create a stuck of 11,950,000 government of France a comınillary to Lou

States; it is however well understood that iliana, to the end that he do every aćt ne.

dollars, bearing an interest of six per cent, the object vi the above article is to taver cellury, as well to receive fron the offi.

the manufa&tures, commerce, freight and payable hell yearly in London, Amstercers of his Catholic M1-sty the said co!l!)

dam and Paris, amounting by the half navigation of France and of Spain, fo far try and its dependencies, in the name of as relates to tie importations that the like faid Rock to be reimbursed at the treas.

year to 337.500 dollars; the principal of the French Republic, if it has not been al- | French and Spanish thall make into the ready done, as to transmit it in the name

ury of the U. S. in annual payments of faid ports of the United States, without in of the French Republic to the commillary

not less than 3,000,000, of dollars each ; any fuit affecting the regulations thut the or agent of the United States.

of which ihe first payment shall comUnited States may inake concerning the

mence 15 years alter the date of the ex. Article V. Immediately after the rati-exportation of the produce and merchan.

change of ratifications, and that the stock $cation of the present treaty by the Presi. dize of the United States, or any right

Thall be transferred to France in months

3 dent of the United States, and in case that they inay have to make such regulations.

after the exchange of ratifications, and alof the First Conful's shall have been previ. Article VIII. In future and forever

ter Louisiana shall be taken pofleffion of oully obtained, the Commiffary of the after the expiration of the twelve years, by the U. S. French Republic, thall remit all military the ships of France hall be treated upon poits of New Orleans, and other parts of the footing of the most favored nations in

3. That the dollar of the U. S. shall be the ceded territory, to the combiflary or the poris above mentioned.

reckoned at five francs and one third. commiffaries named by the President to Article IX. The particular convention Ratifications to be exchanged in 6 take poff-lion; the troops, whether of figned this day by the respective ministers, months. France or Spain, who may be there, thall having for its object to provide for the The Second convention which, to be sease to occupy any military post from the payment of debts due to the citizens of the properly understood, must be published at time of taking poileffion, and thall be em United States by the French R-public. full length, is unavorably poltponed unbarked as soon as posible in course of prior to the zoth of September, 1800, (8ih til next week,

Diverüty.

AS rude health partakes too much of the country, and of course is not very

pleasing to people of taste, a dashing ANECDOTE,

young fellow acquires by his midnight Translated from the French for the Boston Magazine, vigils a pallid meagre visage, which gen. The Twreath.

eralls denotes an intimate knowledge of DEMOSTHENES stopped one day, in

the town.

[ibid.] the midst of his discourse, and began to relate this ftory. During the heat of fum.

WOMEN are certainly not at all inle. FROM A LONDON PAPER. mer, a young man had hired an als to con.

rior to men in resolution, and perhaps duct him from Athens to Megara. Al much lels in courage than is generally im. OCCASIONAL ADDRESS.

noon che young man, to avoid the ardoar | agined. The reason they appear fo is be. of the fun, wished to lie down under the caule women affect to be more atraid than

Oravie of the als ; but the owner disputed | they really are, and men pretend to be less. Intended to be spoken at the Theatre Roval, Hay.

his right, alledging that he had loaned ibe market, on the representation of Henry the Fifth,

[Ibid.) ass, and not his shadow. The young man, or, the Conqueror of France, the full profits of

on the contrary, said, that in loaning the which were generously contributed by Mr. Col.

ass, he had also loaned the shadow." De. A sarcastic writer, adverting to the le. man to the Patriotic Fund, so nobly institu'ed in

mofthenes here finished his tale, and de. crative employment of George Rose, E. this Me:ropolis, and so gloriously supported by the public.

scended from the roftrum ; but the people and others, who, during Piti's adminiftra. retained him and demanded with earnest tion, were employed rather for their useful,

ne's how the dispute was terminated. DEDICATED TO THE GENTLEMEN OF LLOYD's

than shining talents, introduces the follow“ What !" laid he, “ you hear with avid- || ing remarkable passage. COFFEE-HOUSE. iiy frivolous tales, proper to amuse chil.

Mr. Pilt with his law education, has a YE LOYAL Train who patronize this night, ren, and will not lisien lo me when I speak

notion that the dullest men are the most To aid the suff'rers for a natiou's right, to you of your own, and your cuupiny's

faithful servants. They never disconcert a While tlaus your hearts with patriot feelings glow, interests !"

scheme by any amendments of their own.

They are obsequious and exact. Theclock How must your zeal depress the vaunting foe! He aims destruction on our Isle to bring,

work of government, it seems can never go

HONOUR is but a fi&itions kind of right unless it has a proper number of leau. You to protect your Country and your King. honesty, a mean but a necessary substitute

en weights. Since the prosperity of Erg. He boasts of FREEDOM, wlrile her land he braves, for it in societies who have none. It is a

land is now made to confiit in its finance, And hopes to conquer her with goaded slaves ;

sort of paper credit with which men are o. and our minister is the firit accomptant in Slaves, who, to aggravate their grief and shame, bliged io irade, who are deficient in the

the kingdom, perhaps to cypher and to co. An UPSTART ALIER's iron scourge can tame. sterling cash, of true morality and religion. | py may form ihe official capacity of every But LET HIM come with all his menac'd ire, In wonted league with “ Famixe, SWORD, and

'[Port Folio.

[Ibid.] FIRE ; Yes,-LET HIM COME, and be our vengeance hurl'd In just defence of Freedom and the World.

IN the course of my morning's reading, In such a cause what BRITON would not bleed ! in the works of one, who understood the

TERMS OF THE BALANCE. In such a righteous cause we must succeed. nature of government much better than the

To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, The Hero whom cur matchless Poet drew philosophical pretenders, or infolent for.

payable in quarterly advances. In the bold scenes which you to night will view, eigners, in America, I learn, that factions,

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers Dar'd, with a band, his spirit rous'd, advance, in republics, have been, and are full as ca.

at the office Two Dolları, payable as above. And BEAT

Duis braggart
pable as Monarchs, of the most cruel op.

To those who receive them by the mail, Two
FRANCE.

preffions of injuflice. It is but too true,
ihat the love, and even the

Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advarte idea of

very And ADUCOURT, shall Sx his glorious name,

genuine liberty is extremely rare. It is A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table Coeval with the Universe in Fame.

but too true, that there are many w

whole of Coritents, will be given with the last number Shall ihen her ruffan Hosts our land assail,

whole scheme of freedoin is mere up of of each volume. And one, e'en one return to tell the tale ?

pride, perverseness, and insolence. They Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and No!“ All the Yooth of England are on fire,” feel themselves in a state of thraldom, they handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom. To meet the base inva ers all aspire ; imagine that their souls are cooped and cab

panies the Balance. All burn to emulate their Sires of

yore,
ined in, unless they have fome man, or

Complete files of the first volume, which have And spread a LIVING RAMPART on the shore ; lone body of men, dependent on their

been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale A Rampart that shall there as firmly stand

mercy.

[ibid.] -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and til As the white Cliffs that guard and grace the land.

ty sents--unbound, Two Dollars. The whole tray|

be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post of ce in Nor shall th' Historic Muse, when on her page,

COWLEY, very truly, though some.

the sjare, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-oí. She marks the virtues of this patrior age, what harshly, fars, the civileft of all 112.

fice in the union for 78 cents. Forget the noble Train assembled here,

tions are those whoin we account the most To raise the ORPHAN, dry the Widow's tear ; barbarous. There is some moderation. To single Valour recompence impart,

and good nature, among certain of the And kindle boenteous zeal in ev'ry heart;

cannibals, who eat none but their enemies, But in her glowing Page with pride reveal whilst we learned and polite, and C!!!.

SAMPSON, CH19TENDENS CROSWELL, The present Tribute of that bounteous zeal ; ian Europeans, like so many pikes and

Warren-Street, Hudson.
WHXRE PRINTING IN GEXERAL

75 EXECUTED While future Britons, by the deed mfam'd sharks, prey upon every thing we can «Will stand a tip-toe when this night is nam'd."

swallow.

[ibid.

WITH ELEGANCE AND ACCURACY.

great statesman."

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THE

Driginal Edays.

less, indolent and fa&tious, fell a prey to their sufferings." They were first distinibe barbarity of the natives, to the diseases

guished by the name of Puritans. Ficeof the climate and to famine ; and were

ing from religious persecution in Eng. Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,

reduced to the number of fxty. About Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind.

land, they betook themselves to Holland, twelve years from this period, the Virgin- ll where a wise commercial policy had led

ia colonists, to the number of three hun to a liberal toleration in religious opinFOR THE BALANCE.

dred and forty-nine people, were malla ions. After sojourning several years at

creed by the savages in one day. In the Leyden, a little company of those religious OBSERVATIONS ON POPULATION. year 1624, commissioners, who had been

pilgrims, one hundred and one in num. sent over from England, to examine into

ber, embarked for the wilds of America, the state of the Virginia colony, reported, and begun the settlement of Plymouth in HE swift increase of population * That the people sent to inhabit there Massachusetts, in the month of Decemin this country, from the periods of the o were most of them, by sickness, famine

ber, 1620.

Before the April following, riginal settlements of several parts of it by and massacres of the favages, dead ; that forty four persons, which was nearly half the Europeans to the present day, is a ve. those who were living were in necessity their number, had died.

Their perils ry remarkable incident in the history of and want, and in continual danger from

were numerous, and their hardships were e mankind. In less than two centuries, a the savages." A considerable portion of

seemingly intolerable ; under which they great and mighty people, furpofling in mum this miserable remnant were conviits, ban | displayed induftry, fortitude and perseverbers fome of the oldest nations of Europe, ished for their crimes-men the most cor

ance, such as have never been surpassed. and exceeding them ail, except one, in rupt in principles and morals, and ene.

As they were the fathers of New England, quantity of thipping and extent of com mies to all order. The next settlements

so they laid the foundation of those merce, has, like creation, emerged from in this country from Europe, were began seady habits,for which some parts of chaos, or almost from nothing. Every lca by the Dutch, who, in the year 1613, e that district have ever since been diffin. has been traversed and every clime ex. rected a fort and a trading boule on the

guished, and which it is too much the plored by their fhips, while the desert has Ipot wliere Albany is now built ; and a.

fashion of the present day to mention with been turned by their labours into fruitful nother fort on the South-Wes point of the ridicule. fields and opulent cities.

inland, where the city of New York now The firft effetual settlement from Eu stands. Their right was founded on the These were the small and feeble begin. rope, within the present limits of the U. | discovery of Capt. Henry Hudson, an nings of a nation, which now numbers five nited States, was in the year 1607 ; when || Englishman, who went over to Holland millions of people. Hai a prophet foreCapt. John Smith, whose character was and entered into the service of the Du'ch ; iold this event, he would bave been loaded equally illuftrious for prudence, intrepid. || and sailing from Amsterdam in the year with scorn. as an impiilor. So liule did

the wiseft men, of pait ages, comprehend ity and a most winning address, together | 1607, discovered the river that has been with several other leaders, planted a little called by his name, and failed up its char.

the ratio of increase in the population of colony in Virginia. This colony confift. nel to the head of navigation.

th's Country, that even Dr. Franklin baz

aried a conjeclure, perłans thirty years ed of no more than one hundred and four " The first effeétual leutlernents of the

are of mre, that tre American colo. persons ; fifty of whom were carried off | English, in New-England, were made by

pe ir ine Space it one ceriury, might by diseases, within the first five months. those, who, after the reforination, dille. la three years after, the colony, which ed from the establishment of the Epifco.

i as po; ulous as Lund, the parent

face ! had by immigrations from the parent state, || palian church; who suffered on accoun increased to five hundred, becoming care. of their dissent, and sought an asylum troin

(TO BE CONTINUED.)

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