3. Yes.

the Attorney. General does the like. This meaning, why are they put in To intey with felony, the judge (I think bis is the issue ; and he submits the deier. ert words without meaning would be ri. name was Foster) told the jury, that un. mination of it to twelve of his equals. diculous; and I am convinced, in my own less the prosecutor proved the ducats were

C. Pray what do you mean by the words mind, that there is more in the words than put into Ashley's pocket, with the intent manner and torm?

jurymen are aware of, or else the uniform laid in the indi&tment, they must aquit 7. By the words manner and form, I practice of paiting them in informations

practice of putting them in informations him ; " for (nid the judge) the intent is apprehend, Sir, the defendant means wonld not have prevawed from the first the principal thing to be considered.” say, that he did not publish a false, fcan- commenc ment of that mode of piołecu- There is no harm in the bare putting ducats dalous, and seditious libel.

tion to the present id.

into another man's pocket-it is the intenC. How then can chat be true which

C. Have you never heard what alterca- sion with which they are put there that my neighbour Farmer Jones told me? tions there have been about the world constitutes the crime. The same rule pre. 7. It canno, För no honeft Judge | fa!fe ?

vails in the case of an indictment for an will direct me to find the defendant guilty

5 Yes, and I very well remembers

affault with an intent to commit a rape, if of the mere publithing the little book fet that in ihe case of the K. and Oven, Mr.

the intention be not proved. The case of forth in the information, when I am sworn Prart (now L. Camd) infifted upon it,

a clergy man is so remarkable, that I canE to try the islue between the parties joined,

not omit it upon this occasion : In a ser. : wnichis, whether the defendant did pub.

that as the word fi!fe was put in ine in.
formation, the protecuior was hound 10

mon he preached, he recited a story out of lilh a false, scandalous, and leditious libel, and nut whether he did publish the 'Julle prove it to, or the defendant ought to be

F:x's Martyrology, and one Greenwood, acquitted.

being a prejudiced person, and a great book or paper set forth in the intormation, for that is not what I am sworn to iry.

C. A:d what did the judge say upon the

perfecutor, had great plagues infl.eed upoccasion ?

on him, and was killed by the Hand of C. But pray, Sir, when a person is in.

God: Whereas, in truth, he never was dicted for murder, does not the indictment J. What did he fay! He said the jury to plagued, and was himselt, present at ftare, that the criminal was moved and se had nothing to do but to find the publica. thai sermon; and he thereupon brought duce! by the inft.gation of the Devil? tion.

bis action upon the case for calling him a

C. Did they find the publication ? pru judiced person ; and the detendant C. Is that part of the indictment neces.

7. No--they knew and maintained the od aded not gulv. Wray, chief justice, farv to be proved ?

Jenvered the law to the jury that it being 7 Mite early not-noris it necessary

Righis of an English Jury—they found
him not guilty, though the bare fact of

delivered as a story, and not with any mala to let it for h in slimo inditinent, as I con

ice or iniention to lander any person, he cene, tor at those words were to be left publishing was proved as clear as possible out, and the indictment to flyre, shaiche -ipon which the then Artorney-General

was not guilty of the words maliciously, criinisel did on such a way morrer a parad liefled himlelf to the jury, and laid,

and so was tound nor guiliv. From these Genilemen, do you mean io say that the

cases it plưinly appears, that the law con. ticular person therein numed with malice defendant did not publish the paper, or

liders the intention in criminal as well as prepenk, I conceive that the indialment lirale book set forth in the information ?"

civil prosecutions. wald be as good and cfTirtual in law, as

-We find him not guilly--- D., you say if coe words inored all seduced by the

he did not publish it?"-We find hiin initigaiion of the Deul were interied. C. If therefore inese words, which are

not guilty-this is our verdict, and we will

abide by it. general y inserted in indičiments, are bort necellaiy to be proved, how comes it a.

C. A'd what do you mean to inter irom bout, that you fo ftrenuously infift, that thence ? the Atorni y General is band to prove 3. I mean to infer, that if the simple that the little book, or paper, fet torib in tutt of publithing was the only thing the the information, is false, scandalous, and jury hai tu do with, the Court upon apsedi ious ?

plication wonld have see the verdict asle, Corumbian Congress 7. I apprehend, that as every publica- as being against evidence, and the profetion is not criminal, it is neceffary 10 cutor would not have been backward in point out fomething in the publicarjon you making such anplication--but he was too

SENATE. complain of to render it so, or eile there prudent, les he knew the jury had a right is no difference in publications. to determine whether it was a libel or noi,

Monday, 08?ober 17. C. That is true-how then can you re- js much as thes bave a righe to determine conci'e finding a defendant guilty of the whether a person is guilty of mur ler. And Twenty-nine members appeared and bare publication of a libel, or little book, every one knows, tha: ili bare aći otk:l.

took their seats. when the intormation chargeth him with lling does not amount to murder, any more Ater reading the M-stage of the Prel. publithing, a false, scandalous, and fedi. than the mere publishing a little book a

ideni, a confidential ammunication, actous libel, and not the least fallhoori, scan- mount to a crime.

companied by the Louihina Trealy, and dal, or fedrion, has been proved ?

C. Piay, Sir, does not the information fundry document, were received from 7. I cannot reconcile it to my con son times aliedge, that the libel vir hulle the Pierident,

book was published with an intent to scan Omnis jopotant fubjeftihe Sunale are C Nit when my Lord Judge tells you, dalize government ?

now engaged with child doors. you have nothing!o du, but to find the bare

7. Yes, public1814:3?

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, 7. Niit all the judges in Europ C. l. it necessary to prove the intent ? we e to tell me four inal

7. I think is-rivery will remeni.

Tr/lur. Orrioner
prove!!", Lahe aunts, talle, Ice ber, in ite cafeu Smmons tl J-, which
da'mus, inliciousso to 11: re

was is clefter ter polllig Muca's to 41, The Humpet britu oilock cad. tosaii, dinú moru.gmu.insey intend

--it biey bave oui, bey's pushing with an, beleidt to charge Aids im.iredtubely proceeded to waliendelea

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September 24th, which says-" A Spanilla the Spanish minister has remonstrated to
schooner is just arrived here from Havan- our government against the United States
nah with orders to ile Governor not to give taking pollellion of Louisiana.
up the poffeffion of Louisiana to either
France or the United Siates; but to wait

for farther infiructions from the Court of
Be it our weekly task,

On the 2016 ult, the Senate ratified the To note the passing tidings of the times.

Treaty by, which France has ceded Lousfi [CONFIRMATION]

ana to the United States ; 24 votes in the Hudson, Noveniber 1, 1803.

FROM CADIZ, Argitst 17.

affirmative, and 7 in the negative. We 66 The situation of our market has expe.

are forry to learn that one federalift, Mr. On Wedne[day, the 19th O&t. the rienced very little change since my lail,

Dayton, rored in the aflirmative. The Houle of Representatives were engaged on | but the political situation of this country is Greary, is as follows :the Resolution offered by Mr. Diwson, for very much aliered indeed. When I wrote

TRE A TY altering the Constitution. The Refolu. vou last war with Lngland was expected tion, of which the following is a copy, pal. every instant ; now we are given so un

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ied atier a short debate.

derstand, we are on the belt terms with Refolved, by the Senate and House of Great Britain, and perhaps on the eve of Representatives of the United States of A. hoftility with France. This sudden

FRENCH REPUBLIC. merica, in Congress assembled, two thirds change in the politics of the cabinet of

The President of the United States of Madrid arises from the conduct of Bonaof both houses concurring, that the follow

America and the First Consul, in the name ing article be proposed to the legislatures parie towards Spain in the sale of Louisia:

of the French people, defining to remove of the several itates, as an amendmeni to na to the United States. It appears. the

all source of inisunderlanding relative : the constitution of the United States, ceflion of that province by Spain to France

objects of difcuffion mentioned in the le. was under certain conditions, many of which, when ratified by three fourths of

cond hol fifth articles of the convention of the said legislatures, shall be valid, to all which have not been fulfilled, and others

the 8th Vendemaire, an 9, (30:h Sepieniintents and purpoies, as part of the said | glaringly violated. A perlon of good in.

ber, 180o) relative to the rights claimed conftitution, viz. formation has affured me that remonftran.

by the United States, in virtue of the tray That in all future elections of President ces have been made to the First Consul np.

concluded at Madrid the 27th of October, and Vice Prefident, the persons voted for

on this head, with a vigor and energy

that was not to be expected from a government

1795, between his Catholic Mujelly and Thall be particularly designated, by declar.

the faint United States, aori willing to ing which is voted for as President, and generally supposed subservient to the will which as Vice President. The person vot. of France. And fimilar representations are

Arengthen the union and friendhip which

at the time of the said convenijon was hapa ed for as Prelident, having the greatest to be made by our minifters in the United

pily reestablished bet'vesn the tivo nations, 1111mber of votes, shall be the Prelijent, if States to your governmeni, as it is inal. luch number be a majority of all the eleced, that by the non-fulfilment on the part

have relpectively named their pleninoten: of France of the conditions on which the

taries, to wii, tlie Predient of the Cute tors appointed; it no person have such ma

States, by and with the advice and content jority, then from thic five highest on the was io have Louisiana, she has neither the

of the Serrate of the said States, Robert R. fint of chose voted for as President, the right to poffefs it herselt, nor to sell it to

Livingston, minifler plenitentiary of the die Uniied States. This revolution in House of Representatives ihall immertiate.

United S:ates, and James Monroe, minil

. ly choose by builot one of them as Presi.

the European affairs may produce the most dent. Aniin every case, the person vot

ter plerisotenciary and envoy extraordina. important consequences. Conjecture is

ry of the faid Staics, near the Government ufloat about the destination of the small fleet ed for as Vice Prelident, having the great. est number of votes thall beche Vice Prel.

of the French Republic ; and the For it here, of fix leventy-fours and eight fri.

Contul, in the naine of:he French people, ideni ; but if there ih u be two or more

gatrs ; but the general opinion is that the who have equal votes, the Senate shall Havanna will be its destination, with the

citizen Francis Burbe Marbois, minister of choose one of them for Vice President.

the public treasury, who, after having rel. view of blockading the Mifli flippi, in cafe

your government ratifies the Treaty with pectively excharged their tull powers, have This one good ach of our present ai. Fiance. The militia of all this kingdom agreed to the tollowing articles :

Article I. WHEREAS, by article the ministration, may be considered as a ker

is in motion. It is supposed the king will biel of wheat found amongst a bushel of

third of the treaty concluded at Si. latin make a general review ai Vallavolis. The chaff.

fonso, the 8th Vendemaire an 9, (11 Oatsnature of the other military preparations ber, 1800) between the Fiil Conful of the

evidently news that they are directed aThe same day, a mo.ion made by Mr.

French Republic and his Catholic Majelly, gain France. It is the general opinion Randolph, that the members of the house, thai Great Britain will secondthe efforts of

it was agreed as follows : in testimony of national gratitude towards

“ His Catholic Majesly promises and Spain for preventing Louisiana encreasing the memory of that unlaunted patriot, the already too extensive territory of the

engages on his part to cede to the SAMUEL ADAMS, decealal, wear a crape

" French Republic, fix months after the United States, and that Spain in return has around the lefi arm one monih," was a.

so full and entre execution of the condi. pledged herseli for the defence of Portugreed to unanimously..

"tions and fipulations herein relative to gal against France. Time will shew what will be the result of this. But depend up

“ his Royal Highness the Duke of Parma, From the Philadelphia Gazeite on it, that some great events are brewing

the colony or Province of Louisiana,

" with the same extent that it now has in VERY IMPORTANT. upon the continent of Europe."

the hands of Spain, and that it had when A letter was received on Saturday by a

“ France poflefled it ; and such as it [FURTHER CONFIRMATION.]

“ should be after the treaties subsequently merchant in this city from his correspond. A letter was received in town yesterday, "entered into between Spain and other ent at New-Orleans (per brig Patty) dated Il by the southern mail, which mentions that “ States."

And whereas, in pursuance of the trea- three months after the ratification of this | Vendemaire, an. 9.) is approved, and to ty, and particularly of the third article, the treaty

have its execution in the same manner as French Republic has an inconteftible title Article VI. The United States prom. | if it had been inserted in this present treato the domain and to the poffeffion of the ise to execute such treaties and articles as ty, and it shall be ratified in th: same form said territory. The Firft Conful of the may have been agreed between Spain and and in the same time, so that the one shall French Republic de firing to give to the the tribes and nations of Indians, until, || not be ratified diflinct from the other. United Siates a firony proot of his friend- by mutual consent of the United States Another particular convention signed at Hip, doth hereby cede to the said United and the said tribes or nations, other suita- the fame date of tho present treaty, relaStates, in the name of the French Repub. ble articles shall have been agreed upon. tive to a definitive rule between the conlic for ever and in full fovereignty, he laid Article VII. As it is reciprocally ad. tracting parties, it is in like manner apterritory, with all its rights and appurte. vantageous to the commerce of France and proved, and will be ratified in the same nances, as fully and in the same manner as the United States to encourage the com- form, ard in the same time, and jointly. they have been acquired by the French munication of both nations for a limited time in the country ceded by the prelent ratified in good and due form, and she rat

Article X. The present treaty shall be Republic in virtue of the aborementioned treaty, concluded with his Catholic Majer treaty, until general arrangement relativelification shall be exchanged in the space of ty

to the commerce of both nations


six months after the date of the signature · Article II. In the ce:tion made by the agreed on; it has been agreed between the by the ministers plenipotentiary, and soonpreceeding article are incinded the adja: / contra&ing parties, that the French thips er it poflible. cent islands belonging to Louisiana, all coming directly from France or any of her

IN FAITH WHEREOF, public lots and squares, vacant lands, and colonies, loaded only with the produce and

the respective all public buildings, tortifications, bar. manufactures of France or her said colo. | plenipotentiaries have Ggned these articles racks, and orher edifices which are not pri- nies; and the ships of Spain coming di

in the French and Engih languages; vate property. The archives, papers and rectly from Spain or any of her colonies, I declaring nevertheless that the present documents, relative to the domain and loaded only with the produce and manu.

treaty was originally agreed to in the sovereignty of Louisiana and its dependen. factures of Spain or her colonies, shall be

French language ; and have thereunto af

Gxed their seals. cies, will be left in the posteņion of the admitted during the space of twelve years commissaries of the United Siates, and

cop- in the port of New Orleans and in all oih. Done at Paris, the tenth day of Floreal ies will be afterwards given in due forin er legal ports of entry within the ceded in the eleventh year of the French Re. to the magiftrates and municipal officers, or territory, in the same manner as the ihips | public, and the 30th of April, 1803. such of the said papers and documents as of the United States coming directly from

BARBE MARBOIS. may be necessary to them.

France or Spain, or any of their colonies, Ros. R. LIVINGSTON, Article III. The inhabitants of the cedwithout being subject to any other or

Jas. MONROE. ed territory fhall be incorporated in the greater duty on merchandize, or other or union of the United Siates, and admilied

greater tonnage than that paid by the citi. as soon as poslible, according to the prinzens of the United States.

Two separate conventions are added to ciples of the tederal conititution, to the en

During the space of time above men- the treaty, the First of which ftipulates as joyment of all the rights, advantages and

tioned, no other nation shall have a right to jollows :immunities of citizens oi the United the fame privileges in the ports of the ced.

1. That the government of the United States ; and in the ine?n time they shall

ed territory: the twelve years thall com States pay to France, fixty millions of be maintained and protected in the fieee!?

mence three months after the exchange oil francs, independent of a fum fixed by the joyment of their liberty, property and the

ratifications, it it thall take place in France other.convention for the payment of debts religion which they profess.

or ihree months after it shall have been due by France to the U. S.

notified at Paris in the French govern Article IV. There hall be sent by the

2. That for the payment of this fum, ment, if it shall take place in the United the U. S. shall create a stuck of 11,950,000 government of France a comınillary to Lou

States; it is however well understood that iliana, to the end that he do every aćt ne.

dollars, bearing an interest of six per cent, the object vi the above article is to taver cellury, as well to receive fron the offi.

the manufa&tures, commerce, freight and payable hell yearly in London, Amstercers of his Catholic M1-sty the said co!l!)

dam and Paris, amounting by the half navigation of France and of Spain, fo far try and its dependencies, in the name of as relates to tie importations that the like faid Rock to be reimbursed at the treas.

year to 337.500 dollars; the principal of the French Republic, if it has not been al- | French and Spanish thall make into the ready done, as to transmit it in the name

ury of the U. S. in annual payments of faid ports of the United States, without in of the French Republic to the commillary

not less than 3,000,000, of dollars each ; any fuit affecting the regulations thut the or agent of the United States.

of which ihe first payment shall comUnited States may inake concerning the

mence 15 years alter the date of the ex. Article V. Immediately after the rati-exportation of the produce and merchan.

change of ratifications, and that the stock $cation of the present treaty by the Presi. dize of the United States, or any right

Thall be transferred to France in months

3 dent of the United States, and in case that they inay have to make such regulations.

after the exchange of ratifications, and alof the First Conful's shall have been previ. Article VIII. In future and forever

ter Louisiana shall be taken pofleffion of oully obtained, the Commiffary of the after the expiration of the twelve years, by the U. S. French Republic, thall remit all military the ships of France hall be treated upon poits of New Orleans, and other parts of the footing of the most favored nations in

3. That the dollar of the U. S. shall be the ceded territory, to the combiflary or the poris above mentioned.

reckoned at five francs and one third. commiffaries named by the President to Article IX. The particular convention Ratifications to be exchanged in 6 take poff-lion; the troops, whether of figned this day by the respective ministers, months. France or Spain, who may be there, thall having for its object to provide for the The Second convention which, to be sease to occupy any military post from the payment of debts due to the citizens of the properly understood, must be published at time of taking poileffion, and thall be em- United States by the French R-public. full length, is unavorably poltponed unbarked as soon as posible in course of prior to the zoth of September, 1800, (8ih til next week,


AS rude health partakes too much of the country, and of course is not very

pleasing to people of taste, a dashing ANECDOTE,

young fellow acquires by his midnight Translated from the French for the Boston Magazine, vigils a pallid meagre visage, which gen. The Twreath.

eralls denotes an intimate knowledge of DEMOSTHENES stopped one day, in

the town.

[ibid.] the midst of his discourse, and began to relate this ftory. During the heat of fum.

WOMEN are certainly not at all inle. FROM A LONDON PAPER. mer, a young man had hired an als to con.

rior to men in resolution, and perhaps duct him from Athens to Megara. Al much lels in courage than is generally im. OCCASIONAL ADDRESS.

noon che young man, to avoid the ardoar | agined. The reason they appear fo is be. of the fun, wished to lie down under the caule women affect to be more atraid than

Oravie of the als ; but the owner disputed | they really are, and men pretend to be less. Intended to be spoken at the Theatre Roval, Hay.

his right, alledging that he had loaned ibe market, on the representation of Henry the Fifth,

[Ibid.) ass, and not his shadow. The young man, or, the Conqueror of France, the full profits of

on the contrary, said, that in loaning the which were generously contributed by Mr. Col.

ass, he had also loaned the shadow." De. A sarcastic writer, adverting to the le. man to the Patriotic Fund, so nobly institu'ed in

mofthenes here finished his tale, and de. crative employment of George Rose, E. this Me:ropolis, and so gloriously supported by the public.

scended from the roftrum ; but the people and others, who, during Piti's adminiftra. retained him and demanded with earnest- tion, were employed rather for their useful,

ne's how the dispute was terminated. DEDICATED TO THE GENTLEMEN OF LLOYD's

than shining talents, introduces the follow“ What !" laid he, “ you hear with avid- || ing remarkable passage. COFFEE-HOUSE. iiy frivolous tales, proper to amuse chil.

Mr. Pilt with his law education, has a YE LOYAL Train who patronize this night, ren, and will not lisien lo me when I speak

notion that the dullest men are the most To aid the suff'rers for a natiou's right, to you of your own, and your cuupiny's

faithful servants. They never disconcert a While tlaus your hearts with patriot feelings glow, interests !"

scheme by any amendments of their own.

They are obsequious and exact. Theclock How must your zeal depress the vaunting foe! He aims destruction on our Isle to bring,

work of government, it seems can never go

HONOUR is but a fi&itions kind of right unless it has a proper number of leau. You to protect your Country and your King. honesty, a mean but a necessary substitute

en weights. Since the prosperity of Erg. He boasts of FREEDOM, wlrile her land he braves, for it in societies who have none. It is a

land is now made to confiit in its finance, And hopes to conquer her with goaded slaves ;

sort of paper credit with which men are o. and our minister is the firit accomptant in Slaves, who, to aggravate their grief and shame, bliged io irade, who are deficient in the

the kingdom, perhaps to cypher and to co. An UPSTART ALIER's iron scourge can tame. sterling cash, of true morality and religion. | py may form ihe official capacity of every But LET HIM come with all his menac'd ire, In wonted league with “ Famixe, SWORD, and

'[Port Folio.

[Ibid.] FIRE ; Yes,-LET HIM COME, and be our vengeance hurl'd In just defence of Freedom and the World.

IN the course of my morning's reading, In such a cause what BRITON would not bleed ! in the works of one, who understood the

TERMS OF THE BALANCE. In such a righteous cause we must succeed. nature of government much better than the

To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, The Hero whom cur matchless Poet drew philosophical pretenders, or infolent for.

payable in quarterly advances. In the bold scenes which you to night will view, eigners, in America, I learn, that factions,

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers Dar'd, with a band, his spirit rous'd, advance, in republics, have been, and are full as ca.

at the office Two Dolları, payable as above. And BEAT

Duis braggart
pable as Monarchs, of the most cruel op.

To those who receive them by the mail, Two

preffions of injuflice. It is but too true,
ihat the love, and even the

Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advarte idea of

very And ADUCOURT, shall Sx his glorious name,

genuine liberty is extremely rare. It is A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table Coeval with the Universe in Fame.

but too true, that there are many w

whole of Coritents, will be given with the last number Shall ihen her ruffan Hosts our land assail,

whole scheme of freedoin is mere up of of each volume. And one, e'en one return to tell the tale ?

pride, perverseness, and insolence. They Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and No!“ All the Yooth of England are on fire,” feel themselves in a state of thraldom, they handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom. To meet the base inva ers all aspire ; imagine that their souls are cooped and cab

panies the Balance. All burn to emulate their Sires of

ined in, unless they have fome man, or

Complete files of the first volume, which have And spread a LIVING RAMPART on the shore ; lone body of men, dependent on their

been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale A Rampart that shall there as firmly stand


[ibid.] -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and til As the white Cliffs that guard and grace the land.

ty sents--unbound, Two Dollars. The whole tray|

be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post of ce in Nor shall th' Historic Muse, when on her page,

COWLEY, very truly, though some.

the sjare, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-oí. She marks the virtues of this patrior age, what harshly, fars, the civileft of all 112.

fice in the union for 78 cents. Forget the noble Train assembled here,

tions are those whoin we account the most To raise the ORPHAN, dry the Widow's tear ; barbarous. There is some moderation. To single Valour recompence impart,

and good nature, among certain of the And kindle boenteous zeal in ev'ry heart;

cannibals, who eat none but their enemies, But in her glowing Page with pride reveal whilst we learned and polite, and C!!!.

SAMPSON, CH19TENDENS CROSWELL, The present Tribute of that bounteous zeal ; ian Europeans, like so many pikes and

Warren-Street, Hudson.

75 EXECUTED While future Britons, by the deed mfam'd sharks, prey upon every thing we can «Will stand a tip-toe when this night is nam'd."




great statesman."

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Driginal Edays.

less, indolent and factious, fell a prey to their sufferings." They were first distinihe barbarity of the natives, to the diseases

guished by the name of Puritans. Fleeoi the climate and to famine ; and were

ing from religious persecution in Eng. Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,

reduced to the number of fixty. About Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind.

land, they betook themselves to Holland, twelve years from this period, the Virgin

where a wise commercial policy had led ia colonists, to the number of three hun.

to a liberal toleration in religious opin. FOR THE BALANCE.

dred and forty-nine people, were masla ions. After fojourning several years at

creed by the savages in one day. In the Leyden, a little company of those religious OBSERVATIONS ON POPULATION. year 1624, commiffioners, who had been

pilgrims, one hundred and one in num. sent over from England, to examine into

ber, embarked for the wilds of America, the late of the Virginia colony, reported, and begun the settlement of Plymouth in HE swift increase of population " That the people sent to inhabit there Massachusetts, in the month of Decem. in this country, trom the periods of the o- were most of them, by fickness, famine ber, 1620. Before the April following, riginal settlements of several parts of it by and massacres of the savages, dead ; that

forty four persons, which was nearly half the Europeans to the present day, is a ve. those who were living were in necessity their number, had died.

Their perils ry remarkable incident in the history of and want, and in continual danger from

were numerous, and their hardships were mankind. In less than two centuries, a the savages.” A considerable portion of | seemingly intolerable ; under which they great and mighty people, furpassing in num- this miserable remnant were convicts, ban- || displayed induftry, fortitude and perseverbers some of the oldest nations of Europe, ilhed for their crimes-men the most cor

ance, such as have never been surpassed. and exceeding them all, except one, in rupt in principles and morals, and ene.

As they were the fathers of New-England, quantity of shipping and extent of com- mies 10 all order. The next settlements

so they laid the foundation of those merce, has, like creation, emerged from in this country from Europe, were begun "steady habits,” for which fome parts of chaos, or almost from nothing. Every sea

by the Dutch, who, in the year 1613, e- that district have ever since been diffin. has been traversed and every clime ex. rected a fort and a trading house on the guished, and which it is too much the plored by their ships, while the desert has pot wliere Albany is now built; and a.

fashion of the present day to mention with been turned by their labours into fruitful nother fort on the South-West point of the ridicule. fields and opulent cities.

island, where the city of New York now The firft effe&tual settlement from Eu- stands. Their right was fonnded on the These were the small and feeble begin. rope, within the present limits of the U. discovery of Capt., Henry Hudion, an nings of a nation, which now rumbers five nited States, was in the year 1607 ; when | Englishman, who went over to Holland millions of people. Hai a prophet foreCapt. John Smith, whose character was and entered into the service of the Du'ch; told this event, he would bave been loaded equally illuftrious for prudence, intrepid and failing from Amsterdam in the year with scorn, as an impoftur. So liule did

thu wileft men, of past ages, comprehend ity and a mult winning address, together || 1607, discovered the river that has been with several other leaders, planted a little called by his name, and failed up iis char- the ratio oi increase in the population of nel to the head of navigation.

th's couliry, tha: even Dr. Frouklin hazcolony in Virginia. This colony confitt.

aried a conjeclure, pertans thirty years ed of no more than one hundred and tour " The first effe&tual letilernents of the

ara inire, that the American colo. persons ; fifty of whom were carried of English, in New-England, were made by

ee, in the face of ore century, might by diseases, within the first five months. I those, who, after the reformation, difti In three years after, the colony, which ed from the establishment of the Epifco.


as pozulotis as Enciund, the patient

face ! had by immigrations from the parent state, || palian church; whı suffered on accoon increased to five hundred, becoming care. of their dissent, and sought an allylum from


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