tion to dust, and effected that change by

25alance Closet.
the most deliberate cold blooded murder

of more than three million of their fellow
citizens. And we now see the very peo.
ple who tore to pieces every one that so

It is astonishing that the editor of the Centinel of THE tyranny of an usurper succeed.

Freedom, cannot remember the old saying “ the more. much as mentioned the word King, and ing to all ihe confusions and horrors of de. who rent the air with shoats of " vive la

be stirs" &c. and cease chattering about the villairie mocracy, is so far from being extraordina liberty"_" vive la republique," now pay

ous trick of his “ Young Democrat." He treats ry, that to all who are versed in the histo

the affair very lightly, because it was only a shilling homage to a rigorous despot, and flatter ry of human naturo, it is known to be an him in the language of idoiatry. This is as

that his crony drew from my pocket. In the name inevitable consequence; and gross adula

of wonder, has the editor of the Centinel, sucit it should be this is the regular round tion aud fulsome flattery is the proper tri which the mill of democracy goes-and

mistaken notions of morality and honesty, as to buie of democratic slaves to the tyrant they this-God avert the omen- his may yet,

suppose that the wickedness and baseness of the crouch to. The democracy, which suc.

transaction, is to be measured by the amount of the we lear, be the fate of America. ceeded the overthrow of the throne in

money pilfered ? For shame, Pennington! do you England, was followed by the rigorous

not know, that on the score of principle, the fellow despotism of Cromwell. He had his grofs

who would steal a cent, is as criminal as one who adulators as well as Bonaparte. But his

FROM THE NEW LONDON GAZETTE. would steal thousands For my part, i should view praises were sung by Milton and Waller,

them, and the advocate of eitber of them, precisely not by a Bishop of Amiens ; in fine verse

alike. But what is to be expected from an editor and found manly sense, not in senseless hy

A paragraph in the Political Barometer

who will deny his own words, as you have done? Neither did a woman come in

a Democratic perbole.

paper printed at Pouglıkeep: You insinuated, and pretended to believe, that the

sie, New York, contains an error or a fall. for any share of it, as is the case with the

« Young Democrat's" letter was a federal trick, and Lady' Confuless. The extravagance of hood coo gross to be passed over in silence.

that I had forged it-nay, you said you was confiFrench hyperbole has long been a subje&t | school taxes in this state at 5 cents on a After estimating the town, state, fociety and dent that no republican wrote it; and now you have

the impudence to declare that " Croswell lies," of laughter." You may dip it in the o.

dollar, it adds, " Thus a man possessing a when he says this.---Shame, shame on such a cean, Monsieur,” said che Parisian Peru. landed estate or other taxable property to

paltry knaye! quier of his wig, to Yorick. An experithe amount of one thousand dollars, pays,

H CROSWELL. ment impossible to be tried, as they were

on the lowest computation, a tax of fifty then many leagues from the

ocean ; whereas, if he had proposed a pail of wa.

dollars a year !" According to this itateter, there was one just at hand to try the ex. ment, a gentleman, retiring from business,

We have the following Anecdote from high auwith a fortune of 30,000 dollars, the annual periment. Just in this light we may view

thority. From such authority, in fact, that it would income of which is 1800 dollars, would en be a siu to doubt its correctness. In plain English, the gasconades of the French about their

his honor Judge Lewis relates it with the utmost Consul getting over to England, and their joy but the trifling fum of 300 dollars per base adulation of him. It is astonishing l of the Barometer for regarding Federalism

annum. We cannot condemn the readers good humor ; and who would not open his ears to that minds so bright- from nature, and so

hear, and his eyes to read what Judge Lewis rehighly enlightened by ftudy as many of the

with horror, and loading its followers with lazes. are, do not revolt from such base the most odious epithets, if they believe

When Foot, district Attorney, was pleading in fycophantic nonsensc, from panegyric, lo such are “ the blessings of Federal state

the last Circuit Court, at Claverack, in liis usual extravagant that it would render the ob. governments ;" but what shall we think of

hesitating, blundering manner, he observed, “I jeet upon which it is bestowed ridiculous, well informed men, who impose upon the

have an idea"-" Have you ? (interrupted a genif it had before been respectable. We public falfhood like this ?

tleman of the bar in a half whisper) You ought to

The Editors of the Barometer are in. venture to assert that the adulation to

take good care of it, for I suspect it is the first you formed, that in Connecticut, the annual which the First Conful has listered with.

was ever blessed with." value of rateable estate is the ratio of taxa. out wincing, or breaking, as he ought to do, the head of the adulator, is, in many in.

tion. Six per cent, on money at interest ftances which we could enumerate, worse and the value of plate, and on the mean val.

A shrewd old gentleman, on hearing of the late than any of those selected by the great auue of each particular description of land,

appointment of Captain Ilolt, observed, that he thors of The Art of Sinking in Poetry," is entered on the lists ; by these sums our

had often heard of King-Bees, but never before saw for fulsome extravagance. Even that ta. taxes are proportioned. Hence a man

a Captain-Bee.

possessing rateable estate to the amount mous one of the lion

of one thousand dollars, is subject to ** He roar'd so loud and looked so wond'rous grim, three dollars taxes.

A poor starveling democratic print, has adopted * His very shadow durst not follow him."

If Messrs. Mitchell and Buel were guil- | the following lines, for a motto :Is nothing to them. ty only of mistake, it is hoped they will

“ In Faith and Hope the world will disagree, consult satisfactory sources of information

" But all Mankind's concern is CHARITY." Here then is a school for nations, if

on this point, and give to their readers a they will but take a leffon from it. Dem.

true statement of the 'facts. ocracy, sweet democracy, what blessings


The Newark Gazette presents its readers wina are thine ! A ferocious band of democrats

the following contrast :have exchanged the reign of the most mild, excellent, and beneficent inonarch OUR public councils are too often that ever governed that country-a mon- turned into the most mischievous cabals


NO LIBEL. arch whose whole reign was one continued | where the consideration is not how the natissue of voluntary concession and benefit tion's businefs shall be carried on, but to the people, for the very worft despo. how those, who ought to carry it on shall

THE TRUTH, THE GREATER tism that ever ground down a prostrate na- circumvent each other. circumvent each other. [Purt Folio .]



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defence of our liberty, our laws and ou fied spirits, or in other words, will be
religion, we are exposed to the dangers and rom an hundredioan hurdred and I wen.
calamities of war, and threatened with in y five per cent, above common prool ; fo
vafion by a fierce and haughty foc, whe at the expence of transportation will be
would i wallow us up quick, fo wrathfully iefs than one half of thai of common proof
he is displeased at us : For that we alone
among the nations are fuand to withstand
his violent and unjust ambiton.

This kind of spirit, in addition to its be.

safe, we beseech Thec, thine especiai bles.

ing of the most pleasant and agreeable fia. Ang and protection to our molt gracious kinds of gums, which is of the utmost

vor, will allo answer for diffolving all Sovereign Lord, King George. Go forti

Go torth consequence in many branches of buli.

with bis fleets and armies, and let thy nefs.
Inighty arm be with bis chiefs and captains,

as it was of old with thy servanis, Judas, CAUTION AGAINST CROPPING CORN-STALKS

It will also operate equally advantageous Jonathan, and Simon, (iit of Maccabees n diftilling Rye, Cider, and Whiskey AT TOO EARLY A PERIOD.

chap. 2 and 5,) when they valiantly with made in this way, will be but little interior stood the wicked tyrants of their times, the o the best Holland Gin. It will also

enemies of thy truth, and the oppressors of work off at least double the quantity in the HE kernels of Indian Corn re.

thy people. Direct his councils, profpe: Came time, that may be done by the com. ceive their nourishment, as well from the

all his measures for the welfare of this mon stills of equal size, as it needs but italk above, as from the stock and root be.

kingdom, and the prefervation of our once running through to make the whole low the car ; and they continue to be

church, and of our civil constitution. It double realified spirits as above mentioned. nourilhed in a measure from the stalk till

And let no internal division, nor any other they are nearly ripe : therefore by cutting | fins and provocations of this nation, ob.

It is a well known fact among difillers, down the upper stalks of Indian Corn preftru&t his designs for the public good, || be the spirit when reduced by pure water;

that the higher the proof, the better will maturely, the crop muit be essentially in

nor bring down thy judgments upon us. jured. But spare thy people, O Lord, Ipare them; || sediment and aquaous particles, is what

and that the boiling or running over of the A man in the neighbourhood of this

and by thy grace unite us in a spirit of o place, who had, the present year, a small bedience to thy law, zeal for thy truth and

renders the spirit impure and unwhole.

fome. held of Indian Corn, of promising ap. loyalty to thine annointed fervant, whom pearance, happening to crop off the corn thy good providence has set over us, that This still consists of a number of heads Jalks while the plants were in too green a we may evermore rejoice in thy salvation, or caps, so constructed as to prevent any ftate, the consequence was that the grainhrough thy Son, Jeius Chrift our Lord. I thing running over but the pure spirit it

. became remarkably shrivelled, and proba. Amen."

self : Hence the realon of jis purity and bly fell short one quarter or one third of

sweetness. Its finplicity is also such as to the weight and subitance, which it might

render it less expensive than old or com. otherwise have had.

mon fills. It is the opinion of some farmers that if


Thele and many other advantages result the upper ftalks of Indian Corn were not

from this new discovery. cropped at all, the superior weight of the

grain wou'd more than compensate for the
lors of the fodder.

J. KILBORN, have obtained from the gov. FOR POLITICIANS.

ernment of ibe United States, a Poieni for geonitorial Department. diftilling, on a construction entirely differ

I AM delighted with the following enil frum any ihing intheno known or us

sneer, by Mi. Jenyos, at an expreflari, ed in any part of the world, and which perhaps the most abused of


in CUT To aid the cause of virtue and religion.

is likely to prove of great utility to the language-Liberty is a phraie of varius public-fone of the advan:ages of which || signification, having, within these hiw

will appear from the tollowing state- years, been used as a synonymous term. FROM A LONDON PAPER.

for blafplemy, tawdry, treason, libels,

ift. That the worst kind of American Irong beer, and cider. The following Prayer for the protection of this manufactured rum, or other bad spirits,

[Port Folio.] country and government, is now reading in all the Churches in and about London, and is to be read

may by running through this new inveni.

ed fill, be rendered perietly pleasant and in all throughout the country.

I AM afraid there is too much truth in agreeable ; of a flavor and quality not in. terior to any of the best St. Croix or oth

the ensuing remark, though it relithes of all

ile acerbiiy of Rochfoucault and Mande. er imported rum ; and perfe&tly free from Almighty God, maker of

ville.--Such is the nature of mankind, that the univerle, and sovereign disposer of the

all that fiery and disagreeable taste that ren.

ders American manufactured rum interi: 1 it, in their general firuggle tor wealth and affairs of men, at whose command nations

or to any the best foreign distilled {pirits, I will infallibly make use of force. If they

| art, and emnires rise and fall, flourish and de.

and which frequently proves very injuri- l be not indulged in some ingenious, learn. cay. We thine unworthy servants most

ous to health. humbly implore thy gracious aid and pro.

ed, and legal methods of polite y preying tection. We flee unto thee for succor 2nd. The spirits thus diftilled, will all on each other, they will quickly have re. in this time of peril and necessity, when, in be what is called Alcohol, or double rec course to fire and sword. [Ibid.)

ment :


Liberty of the Press, per of the 16th of Auguft was presentei, cordingly David Allen, Erq. of this vil

and the names of the authors of the pic- l lage, was indi&ted as the author of " Truth," AGAIN.

ces therein contained demanded. He re. (a moft unfortunate signature in these

qur sted leave of absence for halt an hour; times !) James Dole Eq. of Troy, the From the LANSINGBURGH GAZET'İ E. when he promised to return, and give them author of Diomedes," for a libel on the

an answer. The object of this delay was diftriét-attorney :- The editor of this pap. WE had sincerely hoped, that it might to have an opportunity to conter with one er. for a libel on Morgan Lewis, Esq. never fall to our lot to mention a repetit- of the authors, who was in town. This chief justice of the state of New York. ion of the disgraceful attempt lately made, was at first granted by the foreman ; but --Foot, diftri&i-attorney, and public in a neighbouring county, to destroy the almost immediately obječted to by one of | prosecutor, who commenced the attack liberty of the press. But the proceedings the jurors. A dispute ensued among yet prelented the editor ot this paper for at a court of general lesions of the peace, themselves. The editor then requested publishing Diomedes' reply, was also inheld at Troy, in this county, last week im the voice of the board ; but was told, that dicted as ihe author of leveral pieces pab. pose on us the painful talk.- Whatever if one objected, he could not be permitted | lished in the Farmer's Register, signed has been the case in other counties, since to withdraw. He was, however, directed D. A.A Rod," and " Castigator :" the commencement of the reign of ihe to leave the rooin while the jury conterred And the editor of the Register, for a libel party at present in power, jufice con pels on the subject ; but not to go out of the on the character of the auihor of Diomedes. us to say, that the grand-juries of ihis house. The constable attending was or The following are the words in the arcounty bad been hitherto judiciously selec. dered to confine him to an adjoining room, ticle copied from the Ulster Gazette, on ted. Care appeared to have been taken to and to permit no person to speak to him. which the indictment against the editor of compose them of nearly an equal number He was soon recalled, and informed that this paper is founded :of each political feat. All honest men ap he must answer the questions, or be im The judge, on the trial, refused Mr. proved of this measure ; for knaves only li prisoned. He again remonstrated ; stated Croswell the priviledge of producing his could be dissatisfied therewith. The con. the delicacy of his situation ; expressed witnefles ;" (these are the words mentionsequences were salutary ; party persecu. his doubts of their authority to imprison, led in the indiĉiment, but the following tion, except in one instance, was but adınitted his ignorance of the extent complete the sentence)" declared that he known. Certain democrats, however, ex of their power; and complained of the would not suffer them, were they present, pressed their dissatisfaction; and the sheriff peremptoriness of their proceedings. He to prove the truth of what Croswell had was even threatened, unless more pliant was then informed, that he might again written ; expressly charged the jury, that grand juries were lummoned.

withdraw into a room, and reflect on the it was immaterial whether the libel was We have now witnessed the reverse of subject alone. He replied, that if they true or not ; that it was not for them to the pi&ture. The grand.jury which met would not permit him to leave the house, consider whether the words amounted to last week, was composed of but three ted. . he had no wilh to leave the room. The such a libel as ought to be punished ; that eralists, and twenty democrats, a large jury, however, again differing, he was whether the motives of the defendant were majority of whom were of the most deci. once more sent out, and the conftable di- good or bad, was wholly out of the quel. ded ftamp. The wishes of the

party were

rected to confine him as before. The dir tion ; that if the jury was satisfied that therefore gratified; and the goodly work | trici-attorney was then fent for, and went Croíwell was the publisher, and that the of perfecution commenced. But aliho' into the room : When he left it, the edit. inuendocs were properly proved, they from their own vulnerable ficvation, and or was again recalled-informed that the muil pronounce a verdict of guilty.” the direction which the business took, the questions must be immediately answered, It seems, however, that on Thursday event, perhaps, did not equal their expec and again reminded of the conlequences. afternoon, the gand.jury were either not tations : yet, so far as respects their fav- || The names of the authors were then given satisfied with the subject matter, of our orite object, the destruction of the liberty il up. Fruitful as is the subject, we forbear indictment, or wifhed to add another to of the prels, we think they have no real. commenting on the proceedings, as their their lift. They fent a very polite letter to on to complain.

legality will probably be determined by the editor, requesting him to send them a On Monday afternoon or Tuesday morn. the supreme court in an action for talle file of his papers published during the ing, the Lansingburgh Gazettes, of the imprisonment.

month of May last; or in other words, 16th and 231 of Auguft were presented On his being dilmited, the editor to furnish them with the means of crimin. to the grand jury by the diftrict attorney; waited on James Dole, Elg. the author of ating himself! Perhaps we put a wrong the former containing one of the numbers Diomedes," and into med him of what but certainly the most natural construction, of " Truth,with the first number of had taken place. This gentleman imme on this application. It is, however, unDiomedes,(faid to be a libel on the diately went before the grand.jury, con necessary to state, that it was not complied said attorney!) the latter containing cer felled himself the author, and to thow the with. Yet altho' for the conduct of the tain editorial remarks on the doctrine o provocation he had received, presented grand-jury, we might poflibly conclude, * Truth a libel," and a copy of the arti. the Farmers' Regifier of the 17th May, inat a majority of them were foolish e. cle on which a rule was granted against Mr. in wbich the attack had been commenced nough to believe that we might inadver. Freer, editor of the Uljler Gazette, which by the district-attorney ; with several oth tently lend them the papers asked for ; ftill had been read in the supreme court of this er papers, containing libels on his charac

we are not a little surprized at observing ítate, and was published merely as a part of ter written by the fame person.

their letter, except the signature of the their proceedings. The object of ihis The business, of course, now took a toreman, to be the hand writing of Albert prefentment, we understand, was that diffe, ent direction from what the district. || Pawling !-the papers, 'tis true, contain Separate bills should be found against the attorney at first intended, and the responfi- nothing which would criminate the editor. editor for each of these publications.bility for the publications was transferred This circumstance, however, does not re. The grand-jury, however, tho't proper to from the editor to the authors. After two move the charge of meanness froñ the issue their subpæna, dire&ting him to ap. days consideration, the grand-jury conclu- transaction. pear before them. On his entering the

ded that bills must be found against all of We are told that the grand-jury boast room, and taking the usual oath, the pa.. whom complaint had been made. Ac. much of cheir impartiality. We Shallon

President's Message,

ly observe, that their creatment to the ed.


saw, with just discernment, the importance itor of this paper affords an excellent proof

to both nations of such liberal

arrangements of it. 'Tis true, they indicted all, or, to

as might best and permanently promote the use their own words, “ served all alike." LP BY the Sunday's mail, we received the N. peace, friendship and interests of boch: O! this we do not complain : Perhaps Y. Evening Post, containing the

and the property and sovereignty of all they have done their duty.-But this we

Louisiana, which had been restored to say, that no grand-jury ever before conde

chem, has, on certain conditions, been fcended to take notice of a personal con delivered to Congress on Monday, the 17th inst.

transferred to the United States by inftruteft carried on in a newspaper, between when a quorum was formed in both houses.

ments bearing date the 30th of April lat. tvo individuals in the same neighbour We make room for it, by wholly excluding the

When these shall bave ieceived the conftia hood, who might have recourse to private || foreign and domestic intelligence prepared for this

tutional fanction of the Senate, they will, sations. Here the first accuser was also paper. .

without delay, be communicated to the the aggreffor ; and if his character was John Brown, Esquire, . of Kentucky, is elected Representatives, also, for the exercise of such that he dare not resort to an action President pro. tem. of the Senate, and N. Macor, their functions as to these conditions which for damages, he ought not to have been Esq. Speaker of the House of Representatives. are within the powers vested by the confi. permitted, alter commencing the attack,

tution in Congress. Whilst the property to arrest the pen of his aniagonist, by sub


and fovereignty of the Moflillippi and its jeĉting him to punishment, under the

waters secure an independent outlet for the doctrine "the greater the truth, the great. To the Senate and House of

produce of the western states, and an uner the libel.”

Representatives of the United States.

controuled navigation through their whole But as it respects the destruction of the

courie, tree from collisions with other liberty of the press, and thereby locking up

IN calling you together, fellow-citizens, at an earlier day than was contemplated by

powers, and the dangers to our peace from this great source of public in!ormation,

that source, the fertility of the country, its the act of the last session of Congress, I these proceedings present the most serious

climate and extent, promise, in due seslu., have not been insensible to the personal inaspect. No one will hereafter dare to

important aids to our treasury, and ample charge a public officer with improper con

conveniencies necessarily resulting from
an unexpected change in your arrange-

provision for our pofterity, and a wide duct : for in fact the present doctrine rel.

spread for the blessings of freedom and co ative to libels, is a compleie fhield for ev. ments ; but matters of great public con.

qual laws. cernient have rendered this call necessaery species of mal-conduct. Certainly,

With the wisdom of Congress it will no honest man will resort to indictinent ry; and the interests you feel in these

rest to take those ulterior measures which will supercele in your minds all private when his character is attacked : He will

may be necessary for the immediate occuconsideration. compel his accuser to pay him damages in

pation and temporary government of the

Congress witnessed, in their late feffion, a private action : While the knave only,

country ; for its incorporation into our conscious of the vileness of his character,

ihe extraordinary agitation produced in the union : tor rendering the change of gov: and not daring to risk a personal action in || public inind, by the sulpenfion of our right ernment a blessing to our newly adopted which the truth of the matters with which

of deposit at the port of New Orleans, no brethren ; for securing to them the rights he is charged might be given in evidence || afligament of another place having been of conscience and of property : for con. against him, will shelter himlelf under the

made according to treaty. They were firming to the Indian inhabitants their uccommon law doĉtrine, by procuring the

fenfible that the continuance of that priva cupancy and self-government, establishindictment of his accuser. Such will be

tion would be more injurious to our na ing friendly and commercial relations the effect of the law which makes truth a tion than any consequences which could with them, and for ascertaining the geog: Jibel!

flow from any mode of redress. But repo- || raphy of the country acquired. Such sing just confidence in the good faith of the materials for your information relative to government whose officer had committed

its affairs in general, as the short space of the wrong, friendly and reasonable repre time has permitted me to collect, will be sentations were recorted to, and the right laid before you when the subject shall be of deposit was refored.

in a state for your consideration. Previous however to this period, we had Another important acquisition of terri

. not been unaware of the danger to which tory has also been made, since the last Be it our weekly task,

our peace would be perpetually exposed, | fefíion of Congress. The friendly tribe To note the passing tidings of the times. whuis so important a key to the commerce of Kafkaskia Indians, with which we have >>>>>+0€«««cco

of the western country remained under never had a difference, reduced, by e

foreign power. Difficulties too were prepudson, October 25, 1803.

wars and wants of savage life, to a few senting themselves as to the navigation of individuals unable to defend themselves

other fireams, which, arising within our againt the neighbouring tribes, has trar:-We observe and announce with pleaf- :erritories, pass through those adjacent. || ferred its country to the United States

, ure, the decreafe of the epidemic in

Propositions had therefore been authorised reserving only for its members what is New.York. It is however deemed im. for obtaining, on fair conditions, the love. fufficient to maintain them, in an agriculprudent for absent citizens to return at

reignty of New-Orleans, and of other pof- || cural way. The confiderations stipulated prelent.

session in that quarter interefting to our are, that we shall extend to them our paiquiet, to such extent as was deemed practi-ronage and protection, and give them cer

cable ; and the provisional appropriation of Che Knot.

tain annual aids, in money, in implements two millions of dollars, to be applied and of agriculture, and other articles of their

accounted for by the president of the Unit. choice. This country, among the molt MARRIED,

ed States, intended as part of the price, | fertile within our limits, extending along At Claverack, on Thursday last, by the Rey. was coafidered as conveying the fan&tion the Milli flippi from the mouth of the Illi

. Mr. Gephard, Mr. Rocer Evens to Miss Ell of Congress to the acquisition proposed. nois, to and up, the Ohio, though not fo ZABETH BACKUs, both of this city.

The enlightened government of France) necessary as a barrier, Gnce the acquisition

of the other bark, may yet be well worthy dred thousand dollars, exclufive of interof being laid open to immediate fetule est, and making, with the pasient of the net, as its inhabitants may descend with pieceeding year, a discharge of more than rap dily in lupport of the lower country,, cight millions and a half of dollars of the shuuld future circumstances expose that to principal of that debt, besides the accruforeign enterprise. As the stipulations, in ing interest : and there remains in the this trea'y allo, involve matiers within the treasury nearly fix million of dollars. 0: competence of both houles only, it will these eight hundred and eighty bouland be luid before Congress to soon as the Sen have been reserved for payment of the filli ate shall have adviled its ratification. inftalment due, under the British Conven.

With many of the Indian tribes, tion of January 8, 1802, and two milimprovements in agriculture and house | lions are, what have been before mentionhold manulacure, are advancing; and, led, as placed by Congress under the powwith ell, our peace & friendship are estab. er and accountability of the President, to. lished on grounds much firmer than here wards the price of New Orleans and othtofore. The measure adopted of estab. er territories acquired, which, remaining lishing trading houses among them, and oluntouched, are itill applicable to that obfurnithing them neceflaries in exchange jeet, and go in diminution of the sum to for their commodities, at such moderate be funded for it. prires as leave no gain, but cuver us froin Should the acquisition of Louisiana be loss, has the most conciliatory and useful constitutionally confirmed and carried in eff&t on them, and is that which will best to eff at a sum of nearly thirteen millions secure their peace and good will.

of dollars will then be added to our public The small vessels authorised by Con- debi, most of which is payable after fitteen gress, with a view to the Mediterranean years ; before which term, the present ex. service, have been sent into that sea ; and ifting debts will all be discharged, by the will be able more effectually to confine the established operation of the sinking fund. Tripoline cruiters within their harbours, When we contemplate the ordinary annual and supersede the necessity of convoy to augmentation of import from increa:g our commerce in that quarter. They will population and wealih, the augmentation sensibly leflen the expences of that service of the fame revenue, by its exiention 10 the ensuing year.

the new acquisition, and the economies A further knowledge of the ground in which may ftill be introduced into our pub. the north eastern, and north western an. lic expenditures, I cannot but hope that gles of the United Saten, has evinced that Congress, in reviewing their resources will the boundaries eltablished by the treaty of find means to meet the intermediate interpeace, between the British territories and est of this additional debt, without recurours in those parts, were too imperfectly ring to new taxes and applying to this obdescribed to be susceptible of execution. ject only the ordinary progression of our It has therefore been thought worthy of at revenue. Its extraordinary increase, in tention, tor preserving and cherishing the times of foreign war, will be the proper barmony and useiul intercourse fubGling and fufficient fund for any meafures of between the two nations, to remove by safety or precaution, which that fiale of timely arrangements what unfavorable in- | things may render necessary in our neutral cidents might otherwise render a ground position. of future misunderstanding. A conven Remittances for the instalments of our tion has therefore been entered into which foreign debt having been found practicaprovides for a practicable demarcation of ble without loss ic has noi been thought those limits, to the fatisfaction of both expedient to use the power, given by a forparties.

iner act of Congress, of continuing iliem An account of the receipts and expen-by reloans, and ot redeeming, initead there. ditures of the year ending the 2015 ot of, equal fums of domestic debt, although September last, with the estimates for the no difficulty was tound in obtaining that service of the ensuing year, will be laid accommodation. before vou by the Secretary of the Trear The sum of fifty thousand dollars, apury, so foon as the receipts of the last propriated by Congress for providing gunquarter (hall be returned from the more boas, remains unexpended. The favora. distant ftates. It is already ascertained ble and peaceable turn of affairs on the that the amount paid into ihe treatury, Mississippi, rendered an immediate execu. for that year, has been between eleven and tion of that law unnecessary; and time twelve million of dollars, and that the was desirable, in order that the institution revenue, accrued during the same ferm, of that branch of our force might begin exceeds the fum counted on, as sufficient on models the moft approved by experifor our current expences, and to extin. ence. The same issue of events dispen. guish the public debt, within the period fed with a refort to the appropriation of a heretofore propofed.

million and a half of dollars, contemplat. The amouni of the debt paid, for the ed for purposes which were effected by fame year, is about three million one hun happier means.

We have seen with sincere concern the flames of war lighted up aga : in Europe, and rains with which we have the most friendly and useful relations, engaged in muual cestruction. While we regret the miscries in which we see others involved, let us bow with gratitude to that kind providence, which inspiring win wisdom and moderation our late le. gislative councils, while placed under the urgency of the greatest wrongs, guarded us from hastily entering mo the sanguinary contest, and left us only to look on and to pity its ravages. These will be heav'est on those immediately engaged; yet the nations pursuing peace will not be exempt from all evil. In the course of this conflict let it be our en. deavour as it is our interest and desire, to cultivate the friendship of the belligerent nations by every act of justice and of innocent kindness; to receive their armed vessels, with hospitality from the distresses of the sea, but to administer the means of annoyance to none; to establish in our harbours, such a plice as niay maintain law and order ; to resrain our citizens from embarking individually in a war in which their country takes no part į to punish severely those persons, citizen or alien, who shall usurp the cover of our flag, for vessels not entiled to it, infecting thereby with suspicion those of real Americans and committing us into controversies for the redress of wrongs not our own ; to exact from every nation the observance, towards our vessels and citizens, of those principles and practices which al civilized people acknowledge ; io merit the character of a just nation, and maintain that of an inde. pendent one, preferring every consequence to insult and habitual wrong. Congress will consider wheth. cr the existing laws enable us eficaciously to maintain this course with our citizens in all places and rith others while within the limits of cur jurisdicrion ; and will give them the new modifications ile. cessary for these objects. Some contraventions of right have already taken place, both within our jurisdictional limits, and on the high seas.

The friendly disposition of the governments from whose agents they have proceeded, as well as their wisdom and regard for justice, leave us in reasonable expectation, that they will be rectified and prevented in future ; and that no act will be countenanced by their which threatens to disturb our friendly intercourse. Separated by a wide ocean from the nations of Europe, and from the political interesis which entangle them together, with pro. sactions and wants which render our commerce and friendship useful to them, and theirs 10 us, it cannot ne the intere t of any to assail us, nor ours to dis. turb them. We should be most unwise indeed were we toca't away the singular blessings of the position in which nature has placed us, ihe opportunity she has endowed us with of pursuing, at a distance from foreign contentions, the paths of industry, peace, and happiness, of cultivating general friend. ship, and of bringing collisions of interest to the umpira ge of reason, rather than of force. How desirable ihen must it be, in a government like ours, to see its citizens adopt individually the views, the interests, an i the conduct which their country should pursue, divesting themselves of those passions ard partialities, which tend to lessen useful friendships, and to embarrass and embroil us in the calamitous scenes of Europe. Confident, fellow citizens, that you will duly estimate the importance of neutral dispositions tov arcis i he observance of neutral conduct, that you will be sensible how much it is our duty to look on the bloody Arena spread before us, with commiseration, indeed, but with no other wish than to see it closed, I am persuaded you will cor. dially cherish these dis positions, in all discussions a. mong yourselves, and in all communications with your constituents. And I anticipate with satisfaction the measures of wisdom, which the great interests now committed to you, will give you an opportunity of providing and myself that of approving; and of carrying into execution, with the fidelity ? owe to my country.

THO: JEFFER.sole p
OCTOBER 17, 1803.


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