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CONCERNING

Liberty of the Press,

Political.

colony, but met with so many difficulties New Orleans and the island on which it is and disappointments, that in 1717, he sur built, which, with that part of the Louisia. rendered his charter to the king.

na lying west of the Misliflippi, she gave THE MESSAGE.

At this time, the well koown Mississip. up to Spain.

pi scheme was projected by the celebrated By the treaty of 1783, the Floridas came FROM THE N. Y. EVENING POST. Law, and a company was formed, under again into the possession of Spain.

his direction to carry it into execution. In 1795 the stipulated with us for a par. REMARKS ON THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. Towards the end of the same year the ticipation of the benefits of the Mifliflippi; foundation of the city of New. Orleans was

how faithful she has been in the observance laid. It is remarkable what romantic we shall cxamine hereafter. NUMBER 6.

hopes this charming country, in every

[CONCLUDED.] stage of its history, has enkindled from its A small squadron was fitted out at Ro. Fountain of youth, so eagerly fought by

FOR THE BALANCE. chelle in 1684 on board of which La Salle || De Leon, to the fairy prospeêts of Law, embarked, for the purpose of finding the and the more recent, but it is hoped more mouth of the Misliflippi by the way of the substantial schemes of the Georgia adven. · Nothing extenuate, nor set down aught in malice." Gulf of Mexico.-Deceived by the force turers of our own day.. and direction of the currents, they passed The country lying east of the river, and AN ACCURATE STATEMENT OF FACTS, the Mississippi, and went about 100 leagues now comprehended under the description farther west

, where they landed and built of the Mississippi Territory, is, perhaps, in a fort on the river St. Bernard.

Mr. ATTORNEY:GENERAL SPENCER': After va- | regard to soil, climate and productions, the rious adventures and suffering numerous

LATE ATTACK most delightful spot in America. And is misfortunes, aggravated by disputes among it not a subject of inexprefsible regret, that

ON THE the party, La Salle and his nephew, were

these natural advantages should be rendered basely murdered by three of their treache of no value by a jealous and hostile nation, rous companions.

who happens to have a sinall colony situaIn 1698 the attention of France was again red at the mouth of the river ?

IN THIS COUNTY. direeted to Louisiana. Count de Ponte The country possessed and claimed by Written by a gentleman who was at court during the chartrain then minister of the Marine, fent France under the name of Louisiana, was wbuie transaction, and who pledges bimself that two vefsels of war under the command of bounded on the south by the Gulf of Mexi the detail is substantially correet. the Marquis de Chateau Morand and M. co, on the north by Canada, and on the Iberville to that country. They arrived

east and west " indefinitely," comprehend. [It is not pretended that the arguments are given on the coast of Florida in January 1699. ing a greater extent than that of the United verbatim ; but care has been taken to preserve Iberville landed on the ille de Datohin in States. The activity, wisdom and address .; "the ideas which were advanced on both sides.} the bay of Biloxi, between the Mobile and

with which that nation has invariably purMisissippi rivers. He then proceeded to sued her magnificent schemes of colonizathe Millillippi & failed up the river a con tion in North America, we well know.

N the 11th day of January, siderable distance, when he received a let. In 1752, she had nearly completed a chain 1803, HARRY CROSWELL, the junior edi. ter by the hands of an Indian Chief, writ

of forts from New Orleans to Quebec, by tor of the Balance, was taken by an officer ten by Chevalier de Tonti to La Salle.- which the English colonies were heinmed

on a bench warrant, and carried before the The truth of the discovery of the river be

in and would have been confined to the Court of Sessions of Columbia County, ing thus, to his great joy, confirmed, he country on this side of the Allegany Moun

then sitting in Claverack. Two indiét. returned to the bay of Biloxi, where he

ments were there read to him. One of the learned than an English Corvette had been These wise and gigantic projects were indi&tments, with the usual epithets and at the mouth of the river, and on being or defeated by Great Britain in the war of

inuendoes, charged M. CROSWELL with dered away, threatened to return with a 17 56. The House of Bourbon was hum having published a paper called the greater force.-This information deter bled before the mighty genius of a PITT, Wasp" in which ", JEFFERSON” was mined him to secure the poslession of La unquestionably the ableft war-minister, if charged with having paid CALLENDER Salle-Hetherefore erected a small fort on not the greatest statesman, that England ever for calling WASHINGTON a traitor, a robthe bank of the river, in which he put four faw. His great and comprehensive mind | ber, and a perjurer ; for calling Adams a pieces of cannon.--He was here agreeably embraced the whole extent and magnitude hoary headed incendiary ; and for libelling surprized by the arrival of De Tonti him- of the Empire, penetrated the artful schemes almost all the worth and virtue in the coun. self with about 20 Canadians, who had of the Court, and seized every occasion to try.” The second indictment stated in efbefore settled among the Illinois.--After cramp a cunning and dangerous enemy. fect that HARRY CROSWELL had, in the finishing the fort, he ascended the river as He despised the feeble counsels and short lame paper, published a piece entitled “a far as the Natches, where he designed to lay fighted views of selfish and shallow politi- tew squally facts," which contained the the foundation of the new city by the name cians, who facrifice the folid interest and following charges :of Rosalia, in honor of the Countess of honour of the State, to the ephemeral ad

1. He (Jefferson) ordered money to be paid out Pontechartrain.

vantages of a deceitful peace, or to what of the treasury to repair the Berceau, contrary to the In 1710, the settlement on the Ile de ever may in the least endanger their darling

clause in the constitution which gives the sole power

of appropriating money to Congress. Dauphin, was plundered and burnt by an popularity

2d. He has displaced the honest patriots of this English cruiser. The same year, Louis To return : By the treaty of Paris in country and appointed to succeed them foreigners 16th, by letters pateat granted the exclu- | 1763, between Great Britain, France and and flatterers, who have always shewn themselves five commerce of Louisiana to M. Crozat | Spain all the possessions in Canada, and

hostile to it ; one of whom was prime agent, in loi 10 years, and the property of all the that part of Louisiana, lying east of the

raising an insurrection to oppose the constituted au

thorities. mines and minerais he might discover. Misli ilippi and including the Floridas, were Crozat instituted a new goverment for the ceded to Great Britain. France reserved Albert Gallatin, Secretary of the Treasury.

ON

3d. He planned and directed the attack on the con: || postponed until the next court of Oyer truth ofthe lacts so represented, could not stitation last winter, by which the independence of

and Terminer, when a judge of the fufhieldhim from destruction ? In short, they the judiciary was destroyed and our constitution marred and mangled.

preme court would be present and affift in contended, that the doctrine of Mr. Spei. 4th. He has remitted a fine to a criminal, † after

the decisions. This was objected to by car, went to this point ;--that if a prefithe fine was collected, against the express provision Mr. SPENCER, and the court refused to dent should violate the constitution, or be of the constitution. interfere.

guilty of any crime, and his conduct was 5th He released Duane from a prosecution, instituted for a libel on the Senate, without the least au

It was then stated, that from the face of correctly and truly stated by any printer, thority from the constitution, or any law-only, be. the indictmenis it would appear, that the

yet that printer might be indicted, fincause Duane had contributed his share to lie him into

witnelles required by Mr. CROSWELL ed and imprisoned. This could not be office. It would be an endless task to enumerate the

were in Virginia ; and, of course, could law in this country. It was fundamentalmany acts, in direct hostility to common sense and the constitution, of which this “ mien of the people"

not be obtained this court. It was, there

It was, there- || ly opposed to the principles of our governhas been guilty-These are facts, and I now ask his fore, moved that the trials should be poft. || ment. And, however in the linglish monfriends and foef-every American-do you not poned until the next feilions.

archy such a principle may be recognized, blush for your country and your President ?-Do

To this Mr. Spencer obječted. He in a great meafure depended upon the

under a free government, whose existence you not in all this plainly perceive the little arts, of a very little mind.

said that the only evidence Mr. Cros: | spreading of truth and corre&t information Any observations upon the truth or

well would want which he could not
obtain this court, was merely to prove the

among the people, it never could be tolefalfhood of the charges here inade, would

rated. At all events, it was flaced to be an be improper. They are to be tried here truth of his publications. He declared after. And, in the language of one of the explicitly, that the truth could not be ad. / important and doubitul queflion, and time mitted in evidence as a justification ; and,

ought to be given until another term to in. counsel, “I thank my God, that those tri

vestigate it thoroughly. als must be by a jury of the country--by therefore, even if Mr. CROSWELL, by this

Mr. SPENCER consented to the postpore. men drawn from the community--the Il postponement, could obtain evidence of creatures of no party-responsible to no

ment of the trial of one of the indi&tmenis, the truth of his publications, it would not power, but to their consciences and their avail. It never would be admitted. The

avail
. It never would be admitted. The respect to the other he perfevered ;

to the court of Oyer & Terminer. With God."

only question was, whether Mr. CROSWELL Messrs. WILLIAMS, Van Ness and l had published those libels. Upon this

and a majority of the court decided that

the trial should not be polipored. Mr. VAN RENSELAER, the counsel for Mr. ll question, he was as well prepared now as

CROSWELL was then recognized to appear CROSWELL, demanded copies of the in

he ever could be. The postponement of dictments before they should be compel.

in court from day to day, during tlic term, the trials, he contended, was totally un.

and requested by Mr. SPENCER Co be ready led to plead. They stated, that there nev. necessary. Besides, he said, the applica.

for his trial the next day. er was an instance where a copy was thus tion was not properly made—that an affi

The next day (Wednesday) towards eve. demanded and refused. That copies could

davit, ftating the grounds of the application ning, Mr. Crosivell came into court with pot be before obtained, in the usual way, should be made, and that in no other way

his coun'el, and offered an aldavit to de from the Clerk ; for that the indictments could it be legally obtained. had never been left with him. Mr. Spen

following effect :--That he intended and He was answered, that when, in any caule, fufficient appeared on record, to

expected to prove the truth of the fact as CER, with great warmth, opposed the de.

ftated in the mand. · He could not say that ever a simconvince the court that a postponement of

Walp” of Sep:ember 91}, trial was proper, they never would require he was indicted.

and for the alleged publication of which ilar request was refused, because he did an affidavit. This was the fact here.

.-- Upon this affi. not believe it was ever before made. But he said, if this was granted, every person They denied the doctrine of Mr. SPEN- davit, they moved the court 10 postpone

CER, that, in this country, " the truth can. indicted would make the same demand,

the trial. The Attorney-General faw fit

to abandon his oppofition, and it was aand thus public business be greatly retard. not be given in evidence." It poflibly

greed that Mr. CROSWELL should be recoged.

might be true as to libels on private char-
acter ; but, as it respected the official con.

nized to appear at the next Court of Ser. He was answered, that inasmuch as this was a motion to the sound discretion of the

. duct of the officers of our government, ii | lions, to be tried upon one of the indietnever could be admitted.

ments, and upon the other at the next court court, whenever the request was made for

of Oyer and Terminer. Mr. CROSWELL, the purpose of delay, the court would be It was stated that our government is e then came forward with liis sureties; and justified in refusing; and thus the delays 'lective ; that it is necessary to its very ex

Mr. SPENCER moved, that he should allo apprehended would never happen. The listence that the people should be truly in.

be bound to keep the peace and be of good present case, it was fated, was eminently formed of the conduct of their rulers. It behavior. The counsel lor Mr. CROSWELL entitled to the interference of the court. had been the cry of a party, and, hereto- | admitted that it was proper he thould enter That the indi&tments were long and unin. tore, the first article in his [Mr. SPEN.

into a recognizance to appear and answer, telligible ; and to force Mr. CrosiveLL CER's), political creed, that the people pof:|| &c. But they infifted that to demand to plead without copies

, was to entrap him afled the sovereignty, and that governors | furety for the peace and good behavior, and sacrifice his cause. A majority of and

was illegal, a violation of his liberty as a the court, however, refused the request, that whenever the people should write on

free citizen of the U. States ; that it was a and ruled that Mr. CROSWELL should im- their ballos, " turn them out-turn them

direct attack upon the freedom of the press, mediately plead. To both indiĉtments he out,” those whom they had created must | and that if any thing could, at this time, plead NOT GUILTY.

fall. But how, it was asked, could this l aftonish them, it was a proposition pregnant It was then suggested by the counsel power, this sovereignty be correctly exer. with such direct and pulpable hoftility to for Mr. Croswell, that as the law on the cised, unless the conduct of their servants the freedom of difcuffion, and to the best subject of libels was extremely intricate might be faithfully exhibited ? How could principles of true republicanism. Mr. even in England, and less known in this they pluck down the vicious demagogue,

SPENCER howevei perfeared, and the decountry than that on any other subject, it and raise and support the virtuous patriot,

and raise and support the virtuous patriot, | bate on the question was defensed until would be proper that the trials should be

unless their variant conduct could be the next morning.

faithfully represented ? And what printyr [The arguments of he counsel on both sides, will be Gallender would dare to represent such conduct, if shell

given in our next]

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ON THE PRESERVATION OF SEEDS.

EVE

left to me.

ble or porous paper, surrounded, in some time with him who gave me being, I have instances, with brown sugar, and, in oth- || successfully preserved him from the sword ers, with raisins. Seeds, put up and of the executioner, and have preserved preserved in this manner, were brought myself to watch over his fafety. But in over from distant climes, and in a state of saving his lite, I have not been able to vigour ; while those of the same kinds turnilh all that is necessary to support him. and of equal goodness, which were differ- | My unhappy father, whose entire property

ently managed, failed of vegetating. is confiscated, suffers at this moment the agricultural.

This discovery may be highly useful, as want of almost every thing.-Without

a mean of providing our country with an clothes, without bread, without a friend to FOR THE BALANCE.

additional furniture of precious plants and save him from perishing of want, he has vegetables.

not even the resource of the beggar, which ftill furnishes a little hope, that of being able to appeal to the compassionate, and to

present his white hairs to those that might monitorial Department.

be moved to give him aid : my father, if VERY acorn contains an oak :

he is not speedily succoured, will die in and when an acorn is properly deposited

his place of concealment, and thus, after under the surface of the earth, in a due

To aid the cause of virtue and religion.

{natching him from a violent death, I shall temperature respecting heat and moisture,

have to sustain the mournful reflection of the little oak that had lain dormant with

having betrayed him to one more lingering in its kernel, will expand and unfold itself The following most sublime and affecting instance and paintul-that of dying of cold and to view. Other seeds, even the most mi. of filial affection in a French lady does honour to hunger. nute, do also contain the embryos of the human character, and particularly to the fe

“ Be the judge, Citizen General, of the the plants which they produce ; and, as male sex. Taken from a London paper, it has

extent of my misfortune, and own that it well in the vegetable as in the animal already been often republished in this country :

is worthy of pity. One resource only is world, embryos, from various caufes, are but its publicity cannot be too extensive. So good

li is to cast myself upon your liable to perish ; and the expected births a girl ought to be had in everlasting remem.

generosity. I offer you my head; Iurder. are conseqnently rendered abortive.

brance.

Edit. Bal.

take to go, and to go willingly, to the scaf. The farmer and the gardener are fre

fold, but give immediate succour to my quently disappointed, by reason that the

FILIAL PIEIX EXEMPLIFIED. dying father. Below I give you the name feeds, which they plant, fail of vegetating.

of my place of concealment; there I will This is sometimes owing to the extreme

expeet death with pleasure, if I may promeither of moisture or drought in the soil; or from the circumstance of depositing

URING the war of La.

ise myself that you will be touched with

my prayers, and will relieve my old and seed either so deep, that it is excluded || Vendee, the Due de al RocheFOUCAULT

deftiiute parent." from the necessary agency of the air, or so ll fcondemned to die, as well as his daughter)

The soldier had no sooner read this letter fhoal that it is dryed and parched by the found in the resources of that affectionate

than he haftened to the asylum of Madame beams of the sun. It is not unfrequently Il girl the means of concealing himself till a

de Rochefoucault, and not only relieved owing likewise to an original defeet in the period arrived more favourable to that

her father, but secretly proteated both, and feed itselt. Another common cause, that justice which he successfully claimed.

after the gth Thermidor, procured the feeds fail of vegetating is a want of care His daughter's first care was to place him or else an improper management in pre. | under the roof and protection of an artisan,

under the roof and protection of an artisan, restoration of M. de RocheFOUCAULT'S ferving them.

who had formerly been a domestic in the property by a revision of their sentence. of plants, which, in every ftage of their | Duke's service, after which she procured growth, are of a very weakly constitution; an asylum for herself. They were thus and still more delicate and trail are the em both 'fecure from the immediate power of bryos, which the seeds of such plants con- | their persecutors; but as the Duke's

Natural history.

proptain : therefore even the smallest injury, | erty was confiscated, and as compaflion is befalling seeds of this description, will ei apt to grow weary of its good.offices, the

FOR THE BALANCE. ther deltroy their enclosed embryos,or ren. means of their bare subsistence were loon der them diseased; so that the seeds will worn out. While the daughter was fuf. either fail to vegetate at all, or if they tering under the extreme of poverty, the

ZOOLOGY. should vegetate, the plants, at firft, would learnt that her father's health was declining appear languid and fickly, and would nev tor want of due nourishment. She now er come to maturity, saw no way but to devote her life to save

N the 49th No. of the first vol. of It had heretofore been found exceeding. her father's, and she inftantly made the

the Balance, I observe a piece on Zoology, ly difficult and almost impossible to bring resolve. A General of the republic at

in which it is stated that “the naftieft ani. over from Europe, and especially from that very time was passing through the

mals are the most long lived." I do not Asia and Africa, the feeds of fome delicity in which was her place of conceal

doubt the fact, but have every reason to cate plants, preserving them, during those ment, and to him the wrote the following

believe it true. - In the tour I lately letter. long voyages, in such a state of soundness

made through America, I came across and vigour that they would vegetate in this

" CITIZEN GENERAL,

three animals, all of one species; one of country. This difficulty seems, in a great • Wherever the voice of nature is which was very old ;--they were certainly measure, to have been obviated. An in-heard, a daughter may be allowed to claim the most naftyfilthystinking animals I telligent American has happily made the the conpaflion of men in behalf of her ever beheld. They are, I conclude, a experiment of enclosing seeds in perspira- | father. "Condemned to death at the same non defcript" race, not yet ranked among

DURIN

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I

any species or genus of animals hitherto

aniscellany.

He has cried incessantly, virtue, liber. described by naturalists. I believe there

ty, truth ; and virtuous men captivated by are only three in America. They have a

these words (the only defcription who very, nay a remarkably, thick skull, and,|| PROFESSION OF PHILOSOPHIC | know his writings) have flocked to him, in probably, very little or no brains.

FAITH.

crowds, submitting themselves to be guidThey have a great, share of impudence;

ed and conducted by him. The wicked have the appearance of considerable cour

say this man frees us from the yoke of reage, but are nevertheless great cowards. Translated for the BALANCE, from the ligion and laws. He reduces all to con. They run on head-long without reflection French of a Pupil of Rosseau.

science which gives us little trouble.--or consideration. They often run butt up

What can we expect better, let us join against a tree; and were it not for the

him. In the mean time, he said ; I will thickness of their skulls would dash their

[CONTINUED.]

del pise all those who will not believe in me. heads to pieces. Their scent is so strong

Fools hasten to say, we believe in him, and and loathsome, that a man will seldom

OWN
OWN that Socrates, Plato, Aril-

the flock of fools' all at once becomes a proach them. They are not indigenous to totle

, Descartes, Newton, nor Locke have tribe the most enlightened. The multithis country, " at all at all.One was

ever claimed this pretension of exclusive || tude cry out, he speaks too well, not to sented to the president, who I understand | enquired; they proposed; they did not lately, brought over from France and pre- || infallibility or irreiragible authority. They || Speak what he thinks

. The most eloquent

of men ought to be the most wise. The keeps it for a show. Another is kept at infolently conftitute ihemselves judges in

most decisive ought to be the most enlightPhiladelphia, in the family of the late edi- their own cause. They regarded them

ened. The most audacious without doubt tor of the Aurora, Benjamin Franklin | felves with humility, as then members of

is most sure ot fuccess. The people are Bache. A third is kept in New York. || human society which they respected. They

calm around him, they doubt no moreThis laft is kept, I believe

, by one of the aspired not to be the tyrants of it. They they decide, they pronounce; in reading Clinton family, and is to be seen at the I depended for their success and their glory || They acquire at little expence the right of

a few volumes they know every thing. office of the American Citizen." The

on the free suffrage of their fellow men. one kept by the president has just arrived. He has caused four advertisements to be with the title of philosophers, they knew Weak and filly, ridiculously decorated || disposing like him, all paft generations, all

the human race preseni and future. And published in the National Intelligencer | not their rights, nor their functions. Can

it is more convenient and more safe to u. concerning his arrival from France at the it be credited ? They never said to the peo

nite ourself to a party which claims the exFederal city. One was imported from ple, ye are tools.

clusive privilege of repeating impunis. dair Ireland fome years ago, and has been bought by the widow of B. F. Bache, aruggled in a gentle manner; it raised its

Philosophy was as yet in its infancy, it

Bold affertion swayed fome, decisive en. dec. Another was imported some three

ergy frightened others-either seduced by voice with modefty; it was contented or four years ago, from England; this

the charms of language, or humbled by the last the Clintonians bought. They will

with simple reasoning, clear and precise it is fublimity of pride the latter feit embaraddrefled itself to reason only. It was

rassed into the net of dialectics, or glided eat no food but the most filthy; such as

only employed in favor of truth. It was into a labyrinth of fubtilties and artificial the spoils of reputation, &c. Their drink is generally of the ardent kind ; brandy only the arts, of thinking and instructing. | distinctions. When proof failed, bitter they like the best ; especially the old ones. Now she reigns, she commands, the irony, vehement farcalm, eloquent inWhy these animals are kept, and for what tyranises ; lhe dazzles, confounds, fright.

tyranises ; fhe dazzles, confounds, frightI vective and emphatic exaggeration supplipurpose, I am unable to say. It is said ens, and subjugates. She affects figures

ed its place. No question was placed in the president is excessively fond of the one and ornaments of discourse ; she feduces | opposition--they were received only from

a very acute angle-inconvenient circumhe keeps, so much so, that he even feeds || the imagination, the senses and the parhim at his own table. I saw governor M. fions. She is nothing but enthusiasm, in

stances were easily removed—the compar. Kean and Dallas caress the one in the wi- || fpiration, violence, and delusion. Hero ison of two terms was always on the side of

the weaker and chosen at the pleasure of dow Bache's house, with very great tenpinions are dogmas, her decisions oracles,

the declaimer; all the rays of light were derness; and I am told governor Clinton and her reasoning mysteries. Paradox,

collected on one side of the object-the frokes the head of the one kept at the office | fingularity, pride, audacity and even fanaticism, all is good for her, provided she can

rest was covered with a dark veil. The of the Citizen, with as much freedom as he does his nephew De Witt's. But it ap make a noise. She overturns : she def

most absurd fuppofition insensibly took

the appearance of a demonstration in form. pears to me that these gentlemen have loft || troys the most respectable monuments of

Abstraction victoriously feated herself on the use of their olfactory nerves, or they the human mind. She subdues imaginamust keep plugs in their noses. ry Colossuses, aerial phanthoms and bril

the ruins of experience. liant monsters. She reduces to ashes,

What could not be demonstrated was As naturalists have not given these ani

laws, libraries, thrones and altars. Shell painted in the liveliest colors. The real mals a name, I will give them one ; let

seats herselt proudly on the wreck of all object was disfigured—the fantaftic one them be christened, Pseudo Patriot.

that men hold most sacred and dear. All || dresled with splendor. Affertions were NATURALIST. ages bow before her. All human general felf-evident, whilst the eyes were fhut to

tions are chained at her feet. Until her evidence. In place of it imagination creIn the world fome where,

approach, universal darkness had covered ated beings, which have never been feen Late in the year 1802.

the face of the abyss. She drew the world nor ever will be seen-accomplished favafrom Chaos.

ges, incomparable Emilias, every poslibili. N. B. Since writing the above, I find,

Such is the magic of this sublime and ty, every impossibility was realised by the tranfcendant genius which I adore ; the

force of his shining pen. Nature alone was by looking over my books, that these nar.

restorer or rather the creator of philosophy || forgotten. Men were filent, because reafty animals have long since been called by the above name

and who to perform all prodigies has only I oning can lay no hold on evident falfhood. to use a few phrases.

Because it was necessary to read volumes

1

to refute a few lines of his sublime absurdi. Mr. RANDOLPH moved to amend one of | officers to lay before this house copies of ty. They beheld philosophy tranquilly the standing rules of the house in such a such official documents as have been receivcross the ocean of human opinions, pass manner, that no petition, memorial, or oth ed by this goverment, anouncing the cefbeyond the line of truth, to seek new errors er paper, which in the oppinion of any fion of Louisiana to France, together with in unexplored regions and under the new member shall contain matter insulting to a report explaining the ftipulations,circumpole to erect all phrases into principles the the dignity or derogatory from the honour stances, and conditions under which that art of reasoning in belief, and with enthu of the house, shall be read without a vote province is to be delivered up, unless such siasm on the one side and credulity on the of the house, provided any objection be documents and report will, in the opinion other to multiply philosophers as the sand made to the reading.

of the president, divulge to the house particof the sea.

Mr. Eustis proposed an amendment ular tranlačtions not proper, at this time, [TO BE CONTINUED.]

rendering the resolution more general and to be communicated.
extending it to all papers whether they
contain any thing indecent or not. The

Mr. Smilie hoped the resolution would

lie on the table untill to-morrow. There resolution and amendment were refered to a select committee, and the house adjourn. I might be a delicacy in the subjeć, which

he wished for time to consider. ed.

Mr. Smith wished the gentleman would

fiate the difference between his resolution Friday, December 31.

and the one some time fince prsented by a The house of representatives received a message from the president which the gentleman from Virginia (Mr. Randolph.)

He said the resolution appeared to him Speaker stated to be of a confidential naColumbian Congress. ture, upon which the galleries were clear- | quite unnecessary, as a similar one had al

ed and the house continued for more than ready been acted upon by the house. two hours with closed doors. As no com

Mr. Griswold faid if the gentleman Wednesday, December 29. munication was made by the president to would give himself the trouble to read the

the Senate, and as it has heretofore been resolution of the gentleman from Virginia Mr. Gray, in the house of Representa- customary to make communications of a he would see the difference. That resolu. lives, made some comments upon the in confidential nature to both houses at the tion called for information relative to the vi. creasing number of murders which happen | fame time, when the fubjet has been ofolations, on the part of Spain of our treaty in our large cities and in every part of the public importance, it is rational to con with that power. This asks for informacountry. He then moved a resolution to

clude that the present message concerned relative to the cession of Louisiana to the following effect : That a committee only the house of representatives, other France. No two resolutions could be be appointed to inquire into the expedien wise it would have been sent to both hou. more widely different. cy of pafling a law forever to disqualify | les. for holding any public oflice in the Uni.

Mr. Smith was very desirous that the

Mr. Gray called up his resolution to ted States any person who shall hereafter | disqualify persons concerned in duels from

gentleman would suffer his resolution to lie be guilty of fighting any duel, or who shall || holding any public office. The resolu

on the table. be concerned in sending, carrying or ac tion was rejected upon the ground that

Mr. Griswold said that he had not excepting any verbal or written challenge to congress have no constitutional right to pected that that there would be any diffifight a duel.

prescribe the qualifications of public offi culty upon the subject : but as some genThe resolution was ordered to lie on the

tlemen thought it was a delicate matter he table.

The house adjourned till Monday morn

would consent to let the resolution lie till Mr. Davis called up the resolution laid | ing.

to-imorrow. upon the table by him, for instucting the committee of elections to enquire whether John P. Van Ness since his election to a

Tuesday, January 4.

Wednesday, Jan. 5. seat in the house has not, by accepting and

Mr. Griswold said there was one subexercising the office ot’ Major of militia, || jećt referred to in the President's message || laid on the table yesterday, tor-requesting

Mr. Griswold called up his resolution under the authority of the United States, on which no order had been taken by the

the president to lay before the house such forfeited his right in a seat in the house. house. He thought the subject a very im

documents as may be in the possession of Mr ELMENDORF moved to strike out portant one, and hoped that the house that word not. He thought the resolution would now consider it. He referred to that

goverment, relative to the ceffion of Loui,

fiana to France. The motion was opposed, unmeaning in its present form. The house part of the message which speaks of the

and on a division of the house there appear. divided upon Mr. Elmendort's motion ceflion of Louisiana to France, in the fol

ed in the affirmative 35 in the negative 32. which was lost by a great majority. lowing words : The question being taken upon the refo • The cession of the Spanish province

Mr. Randolph faid a discussion of that lution it was carried. " of Louisiana to France, which took place

resolution would involve a subject nearly Mr. Davis then gave notice that he " in the course of the late war, will, if car

connected with one which had lately been should move a resolution to Vacate the seat

discussed with closed doors. He would “ ried into effect, make a change in the af. of another member, unless the gentleman

therefore move that the resolution be refer

pect of our foreign relations, which will should think fit to withdraw and save the “ doubtless have just weight in any delibe.

red to a committee of the whole on the houle the trouble. He alluded to the

gen-
“ rations of the legislature connected with

state of the Union to whom had been refertleman from the fate of Ohio, formerly " that subject.”

red a massage of the president relative to the territory N. W. of the Ohio (Mr. Mr. Griswold moved the following re

New Orleans. Fearing.) He said that the representative || foluion :

This motion gave rise to a long debate, of a territory could not be the representa Resolved, that the president of the Uni an account of which fhall be given hereaf. Live of a flate.

ted States be requested to direct the proper

cers.

ter

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