« VorigeDoorgaan »
A COMPARATIVE VIEW OF THE DISADVANTA
GES AND BENEFITS, WHICH
SLY ACCRUE TO THE UNITED STATES, FROM
AN ENLARGEMENT OF THEIR TERRITORIAL
by emigrations from France, it will be || the work, which neceflity requires to be composed of that class of the people, dene upon it. This great and serious evil
which not only could support themselves would be much increased by settling LouMither the products of your closet-labors bring,
in France, but besides, increase the nation isiana. It would open treh drains upon Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind.
al riches by their industry. For France is the inhabitants of the old States. The
not overburdened by her population, and rege of emigration from the Eait toward POR THE BALANCE.
coníequently every emigration will form the Western waters had begun to sub
a vacuum fomewhere, or abandon some side ; but attempts to settle Louisiana No. v.
useful branch, which will no longer be would revive it and carry it to a greater excarried on. The emigrant carries away
tent than ever. Louisiana sold by govwith him a portion of the general good, in ernment to companies of land-jobbers,
the mass of the productive labour of the would roule to action freih hofts of specuDIXITS BY TIIB PuchaSE OF EITHER
mother country; he also carries away with lators. Every cunning and every seducLOUISIANA OR THE FLORIDAS. him a portion of the capital, for he never
cive art would be used to allure men from goes with emply hands.”
home and to win their money. The exThis reasoning applies with more than
emption from taxes, the mildness of the HE vast region of Louisiana, treble force, in exposing the injurious and
climate, the cheapness and ricliness of the were it freely given to the United S:ales, fatal consequences of large emigrations
lands, together with other favourable ciron condition of their taking vigorous from the Eastern and Middle States of the
cumstances, would be painted in glaring measures for its speedy jetilement, would,
Union. Already have they felt the mil
colours. That region would be represenein respect to the particular interests of chiefs of such emigrations. Immense mul.
ed as the garden of America, as poflefling the Eastern and fiddle States, prove a
titudes bave already emigrated toward the
the charms of Eden : such exertions of baneful gift.* It would check the growih
waters of the Minilippi and the Obio.
cunning (peculators, traverfing the whole of their population ; i; wonld drain away Alinof every man among
country to sell their lands, could not fail their men and their money ; it would in
tock off money with him ; and some of
of succeeding. Enterprizing young men crease the scarcity of labourers ; it would
Thein large tums. Their capitals are want.
would emigrate to a country, that Should reduce the value of their real estates; and,
ed at home ; and the aggrega!c mass o
promise them wealth on the cafeít terms. in almost every respect, it would injure their proluciive 'inciuary is wanted Nill
Monied men would invest a part of thcir their agricultural and manufacturing inter
Labourers are scarcer cren than capital in this new fund of speculation, or ests ; at the same time, it would tend to
money ; farming labour is now dearer | perhaps would go personally, carrying leflen, and finally almost to destroy their
than it was in times pait, when money was
with them all their fortunes, acu drawing political weight in the gencral scale.
much plentier, and land-produce much
after them num'ers of their dependanes, Mr. Livingiten uses the following con higher. This has operated as a leavy dir-li Deighbours and acquaintance. The fons clusive and forcible realoning on this fub. couragement upon agriculture,
of labour and toil, who get their living hy ject with the French government.
If credibiy informed that, even in Connect. the sweat of their faces, and are il:e nuit ji be the free class that is to be mustered icut, there are farms, which, this very receilury and uleiul members of society,
year, lie entirely or almost uncultivated would be allurcd a way to the land that • Whenever the Middle States are mentioned in for want of labourers : indeed it is a fact, “ flows with mik and honey," and that these essays, the writer means only the States of
ihat at the present rates of land-produce will pour its rich productions almost New-York, New.Jersey, Delaware, and that part of Pennsylvania which lies East of the Alleghany
and of labour, the produce of a middling spontaneously into the garners of its pormountains.
farm would but liide more than pay for (c Turs. Tiks there would be a drain of
the monied, the enterprizing and the in. I ces are so plain, that it is needless to par
malice. In the course of his argument up. dustrious classes of people ; and the scar ticularize them.
on this point, he referred the jury to the city of money, and what is worse, the
There is another important considera
whole complection of the “ Wasp." The scarcity of labour, would be greatly in. tion growing out of this subject, and di.
counsel for the defendant objected to his creasei. These are not the dreains of lan
re&tly affecting the interests of the Eastern reading from any other number of the cy: they are serious and alarining events, and Middle States, which, as it might be Walp" than that which contained the which the settling of Louisiana would, in
invidious to urge it, I Mall but flightiy publication in question. The objection fome degree, most certainly produce. notice. The seat o! empire, in the Unit
was over-ruled by Judge Lewis ; and Mr. Nor would any of the States be more
Spencer proceeded to read sereral publicaed States, is drawing fast toward the Wen. injuriously affected by the opening of new
ern waters : there, as its centre, it must tions from other numbers of the “ Wasp," drains for vast emigrations toward and e
in some of which he name of Thomas Jel. ultimately fix. It was remarked in the first of thele ellays, on the authority of Dr.
ferson was neither mencioned or alluded to. ven beyond the M. Nilippi, than the Sate of New-York. This Siate, were it as pop
Morse, that the river M. Millippi, together Mr. Spencer argued very largely upon this Jous as France, would contain confidera
with its Eastern branches, water's five point, and concluded, that from every bly more people than there now are in the
view of the subject, it was apparent ibat eights of the United Siares. Three States, whole Union. lis lands are excellent ; within a very few years, have risen into
the publication was made with a malicious and it possesses superior advantages for wa.
and feditious intent. It is impossible for existence on the banks of the Mufiitlippiani feditious intent. and the Ohio ; another state, it is expect.
us to give even a sketch of Mr. Spencer's ter carriage. " Such is the interfcction
ed, will soon be received into the Union : argument; and, to prevent mistakes, we of the whole State, by the Hudson and its
others still, at no great distance of time, hereby engage; it Mr. Spencer will furnith branches, and by the branches of the Dela
may fucceed. If an immense region, Welt a copy of his argument, to give it to the ware, the Susquehannah, and other rivers,
public. that there are few places, throughout its
of the Millisippi, should be annexed to
the Union, and measures should be used, After Mr. Spencer had closed, Judge whole extent, that are more than fifteen under the patronage of government, to set.
Lewis proceeded to charge the jury--and or twenty miles from some boatable or de it, several States might quickly grow
the following is the amount of his navigable streain.” This State is now
In such an event, the men of
CHARGE. mostly a wilderness. The only very conthe Ealt, while they would inevitably ex
He said that it had been contended by fiderable settlements therein, till wi bin a perience the diminution and almost total
the defendant's counlel, that, as it respect. tew years, are Long Island, and also two lois of their political weight and conse
ed libels, it was the peculiar province of the long and narrow strips of land, each about twenty miles wide, extending Northward
quence, might still
, perhaps, console them. || jury to determine the law and the facto from the city of New-York, on either side lelves by recounting the valorous deeds of
determine wheiber the defendant had been of the Hudson, Moit of the country their fathers, in atchieving our national in- guilty of maliciously publijning a libel or
not. He said, his opinion was directly the towns, even in the neighbourhood of the dependan ce.
reverie, He said, that in all criminal triHudson, are so thinly settled that very lit
als it was a general rule that the jury were tle of their lands, through scarcity of la
judges of the law and the fact : But that iibourers, is brought into high cultivation;
hels were an exception ; and in trials for and much is still uncultivated and useless ;
libels particularly, ile jury were not judges in the mean time, the disperled situation
Liberty of the Press. of the law. That it was the province of the of the inhabitants, or the remoteness of
ccuit in determine whether the defendant neighbours from each other, renders good
A CORRECT HISTORY OF
was quilty of publishing a inalicious libel. schools at convenient dilunces, totally im
HARRY CROSWELL'S TRIAL.
He shen read to the jury the opinion of practicable. This last circumstance is a
Lord Mansfield, in ihe case of the Dean of very serious evil, especially in a free re
St. Aliph, and charged the jury that the publican country. Lately, on the Mo
doctrine there laid down, was the law of hawk river, and into the Genesee country,
this fate. That it was not the right of the forming an oblong bearing Wet and South
R: FOOTE, difri& attorney, l jury to.enquire or determine the intenti Wes from Albany, population has extendi.
live 12, and vocilerared for the
ihe delerdani--- whether he published it ed with such rapility, and has been attend. pace of one rour. People wondered what
with a criminal or innocent deliyo-wbethed with such improvements in caltivation the man would be at. With difficulty,
er the publication itself was libellous or and in buildings, as perhaps no other por. however, we discovered, he was speaking not,
not. This they had no right to decide. tion of the globe ever witne led, in so 'hort at Vols. Van Ness and Van Vechten.
He said, the only queliions for their conuca time. There has been a most favoura. Air. Spencer then began a reply of some eration were, first, Was the defendant the ble prospettol lpeedily turning the refidue
length. He cominenced by coniplimental publisher of the piece charged in the indiét. of that vast wilderness, wbofe foit is ex
ing ihe talents and ingenuity of the gentle ment ? and, fecondly, Are the inuendees ceedingly luxuriant, into fruitful tields. man who had preceded him; but he de. true? And that, it ihey believed the de.
clared that he thought Mr. Foot had taken fendant the publisher, and that the inven. Attempts to settle Louisiana would cloud
the buli by the horns and held him fafi. dries were true, whether the publication this profpect : the lures held cut from that After he had thus, as we thought, flatter was true or faile-whether libellous or in. quarier would prove irresitable. Moch ed Mr. Foot at the expence of his own nocent--whether the inient was innocert money would be employed in speculating undertanding, he proceeded to argue the or malicious--wleber, in short, the dethere which otherwis might be employed quellion; and, although we do not hefitate fendant was criminal or not, they were in promoting useful improvements here. to say, but we are diametrically opposed to
to say, that we are diametrically opposed to bound by their oaths and the law io proMany industrious families would emigrate him on the whole of this subjea, lul jur.
him on the whole of this subjeći, llill jur. nounce him guilly. The intent of te beyond the Millilippi, who, but for the rice deinands the confession that he argu publisher, and whether the publicati n was newly opened fource of land speculation, ed it with a good degree ol candor, and libellous or not--whether the defendant might help to fill up the vast “vacuums" with great ingenuity. He contended, that was criminal or not, were queflions wluchi
, in this state. The injurious consequen the publication had every indication of upon the retuin of the Pojies, were to be
The editor of the Centinel and his correspondente may make their own comments.--The base insinua. tions in the closing paragraph above quoted, are unworthy of remark. I shall notice but one plump falshocd, viz :-" The judicial record of the sta e of New York, speaks loud of Croswell's invention of lies,” &c. The record speaks no such thing, The subscriber was convicred of republishing a charge which had previously appeared u more than fifty different newspapers.
If, il creiore, it had been false, it was not an “ invention" of his. But, to the confusion of the Jeffersunian sec:, be it said, “ the judicial record of the state of New York, speaks loud" liat CROSWELL OFFERED TO PROVE THE CHARGE FOR WHICH HE WAS INDICTED, AND WAS NOT PER: MITTED.
decided exclusively by the judges of the su. on himself the signature of " A Young. De-
When the letter of the " Young Democrat" was be here detailed. He made many profes
published in the Balance, it was not expected that
it would ever again be necessary to mention it. fions of impartiality; and said that the judges always left party-Spirit at the foot
was believed, that the malicious reptile who had itool of the judgment.feat.
been guilty of writing it, would forever close luis
lips on the subject-that, covered with shame, and The jury retired about sun-setting--were 1 siung with remorse, he would endeavor to hide his out the whole night, and about 8 o'clock
guilty head beneath the mantle of secrecy. But, the next morning, came to the bar with
no ! it seems he had rather bear the detestation of verdict of GUILTY.
every honest man in the community, than endure the A: the last August term, the counsel secret, though cutting reproaches of a guilty confor the delendant inade application to the science. He has brought the affair before the public Supreme Court for a new trial--- First, on in such a way, that I cannot, I will not be silent. the ground of misdirection by the judge in
The whole transaction shall be probed to the very his charge ; and, fecond, on the ground bottom ; and if it ends in the shame and disgrace of that the truth may be given in evidence ;
the “ Young Democrat," or the editor of the Cenand that, therefore, Judge Lewis Could tinel of Freedom, or both, they alone are blameable. have postponed the trial un:il the nex! An ordinary rascal would have been content with circuit. The question is to be decided in nierely robbing us; but this New Jersey democrat the term of November, at Now.York. sceins to have acquired a high degree of refinement
in knavery. He has added insult to injury. A
ta ed act of villainy. This is harsh language-but
the case requires it.
I may be proper to state, that I have ample proof MORE OF THE DEMOCRATIC PFICK,
of the genuineness of the letter in question. It was AND THE NEW JERSEY THIET. pened before it was taken out of the post-office in
this city, and the contents shewn to the post-mas. The Newark « Centinel of Freedom," has re.
ter, wlio (though belonging to the party to which I published the villainous letter of the “ Young De.
am opposed) had the candor to avow, in the most mocrat," to the subscriber, which appearcd in the pointed terms, his utter deiesiation of such a transBalance, No. 33, and has added thereto the follow. action He may not be singular in this ; for it is ing remarks:
pre umed, that every honest democrat joins with “ On reading the above, we were not a
nim. Indeed, the editor of the Centinel himself, little surprised that an article of this kind mean and uncandid as we have found him to be, is should appear in he ih ape it did--we were compelled to acknowledge that the person who
could take " such a measure," must be lost to all confideni chat norepublicanot Newark had been so far losl in all sense of honor and jur.
sense of honor and justice ;'' but he says, at the tice, as lo have cock fucha nieasure to tof.
saitle time, that he is “ confident that no republi. ture the already gailed confcience of the can [neaning democra:] of Newark had been so convičied Croswell, one of the editors of
far lost," &c. He nuzle have spared this rimark, the Balance. But while we sat rumina.
as well as the " disavowa!'' of the Young De. tingon the subjet, in stepsthe perfon whom mocrat", hinseif, who so lucily - stepped in ;" for the sapient editors of the Balance had accu I have taken measures to put the afair out of dissed of being the author, who disavowed the pute. I expect, in a short time, to be able to estab. writing of it.
lish the fac", that the au'hor of the infamous letter “ A question then arose in our minds,
in question, is the identicai fellow “who disurowed whe:her this was not, instead of a demo.
the writing of it”-that very Young Democrat,”
who has frequently writien communications for the cratic, a federal irick! The judicial record
Centinei vf Freedom. One cannot help sailing at of the fate of N. York, (peaks loud o!
the idea that his own disavowal is to be taken as Croswell's invention of lies, and Parlon Sampson, we believe, is equally good a
proof of his innocence. Ii brings to mind a little
taie--here it is :rati'ying them; then, il Croswell and the Paifon, thinks that lying is no lin, it would A fullw (perhaps a
young democrat") had be no great inalier of wonder tor obese co. becr. caught in the very act ci'stealing is doting editors to forge a lerier, anípublish it in or. old mother could not believe that her son " bad leer der to make it whatibey call a democrat. so far lost iv all sense of bonor and justice, as to bure ic trick !--W.do noi say that this has been took such a mesure ;" and was determined to sat the cale; por ih ili we deny that lonie fed isfy herself. My son, said she, you didn't steal eralift er other of this town, has not writ these things, did you "-" No-I swear I didn't, tco the letter complained of, and taken up. mother," replied the thief.
'The democratic editors, to prove that their head. nien act no worse than the federalists, have declared, over and over again, that Frothingham, Carlton and Adams were indicted under the Common Law, and were not permitted to give the truth in evidence on their trials. Afier these falsivods had been repeated a sufficient number of tipies to entitle them to notice, we contradicted them, and pullishei a correct statement of Frothingham's case, which had, in a more particular manner, cailed forth the fibbing talents of our neighbor “ Mark Anthony."-Now the honey making insect changes liis ground. The old salshood is as much out of his head as a drawn tooth ; and he wonders why the federalists complaix of the comnon law He says it " stands now as it did twenty years ago ;" and asks, why the federalists, if it was faulty, did not correct it when they had the power ? And does Hut ask this question seriously? Is it possible that he has already forgotten that the federalists did amend the common law, by enacting that the truth might be given in evidence ? Has he forgotten that a ruth hating editor, in New. London, was indičied under that amended law of the federalists, for publishing malicious falshoods--that he could not give the truth in evidence, though permitted and that he was consequently ponished, by fine and imprisonment? If he has forgotten these things, he must, indeed, have a bad memory.
Any epithets bestowed on either of the editors of the Balance by Charles Holt, will be taken for exactly what they are worth.
The Albany Register is informcd, that we call eny paper prostituted, which dare not sp«ak of nien in power, except in the language of adulation-any wer, whose cditor is the supple, cringing, pliant, humble, servile creature of a proud, aspirirs, “ upstart petty tyrant," or serocious demas gut.
Certain dem cratic editors contend that onr gove crnment is a democracy, because it was ad pied by the people. By the same rule, the present government of France is a democracy. It was adopred by i kue people-Boraparte was chosen chief consul for life, by the temple-and the pe ple gaye kim the right of nominating his successor.
A MAN, in this fate, in pre
of the Messiah. The famous Socrates, of Among the sufferers on this score, the Greece, has fome pallages of the lake na- | illuftrious Col. Hayne, ftands conspicuous
, , ture ; and which many christians have During the fiege of Charleston that gen. thought to be prophetical. But perhaps ir Leman served his country in a corps of none of the ancient writings, (ihe Bible militia horse. After the capitulation, there excepted,) which leave been tranforiited to being no American army in the fate, and the present age, ihere can be found so re the prospect of one being both distant and
markable a prediction of the Mehal's com. uncertain, no alternative was left but ei. Agricultural.
ing, as in a book of a chinese philo?c "er.ther to abandon his family and propery, The author is aflirmed to be the grandion or to surrender to the conquerors. This
of Confucius, who tlourished a little more bar ddilemma, together with well founded FOR THE BALANCE.
than four hundred years before the comi. information, that others in similar ciicum. mencement of the chriftian era. His wii- | itances had been paroled to their planta.
rings have been tranflaied into English, il vions, weighed with Col. Hayne, so far as A RECENT EXPERIMENT ON PICKLING
and contain the following prophtrical ro induce a conclusion that, instead of waitSEED-WIIEAT. pafiige.
ing to be capeured, it would be both “ How sublime are the ways of the
more fare and more honourable to come Holy One! His virtue shall fit the uni
within the British lines, and surrender MAN, in this state, in pre verle-Shall vivity all things, and shall rise himself a voluntary prisoner. Reports paring his seed-wheat for sowing, iteeped to the Tier or Supreme Deity. What a
made of his superior abilities and indica one bushel twelve hours in pickle, and noble course is opening to our view! Whar
ence, uniformly exerted in the American then rolled it in plailter, and sowed it new laws and obligations ! What augot cause, operated with the conquerors tə through the middle of a field containing e rites and sacred folemnities ! But how
reluse hin a parole, though they were in leven or (welve acres ; on euch side of lhall mortals observe them, if He does not
the habit of daily granting that indulgence this throughout the field, he lowed wheat
first give them the example ? His
coming altonishment he was told, “ that he muit
to others of the inhabitants. To his great that had been rolled in plaister, but not alone can prepare us for the performance ut pickled. Soon after the grain began to thele sublime duries. The paths of per
either become a Britih subject, or submit vegetate, he perceived a Atriking differ fection shall never be frequented, until
to close confinement.' To be arrefed ence, and that, during the whole growth, || the Holy One, by way of eminence, lhallh and detained in the capital, was to birthe items of the pickled seed were much have confecrated them by the traces of his
self not an intolerable evil: butio abandon fuperior in thrillinels and luxuriance. footsteps."
both his family to ihe small-pox, a disea:e After reaping, threshing and measuring
ihen raging in the neighbourhood, and the grain, and making a comparilon be.
which in a short time atier proved mortal tween the produ&ts of the pickled and un
to his wife and two children, and to the
insults and depredations of the royal arpickled seed, (which was done the present
my, was too much for a tender busband year,) the owner has affirmed it as his o.
and a fond parent. To acknowledge him. piniz!, that, if he had pickled the whole of the seed which was sown in that field, [While the melancholy fate of Major Andre, has self she subject of a King whole govern
would have been increased there. rung through the world in all the forms that fancy ment he had from principle renounces, by not less than seventy or eighty bufhals. could invent, the following piece of history, cer.
was rcpugnant to his feelings; but wit tainly no less affecting, has scarcely ever been
out this he was cut off from every prospect no iced, since it was accorded by the able pen of
of a return to his family. In this embarDr. Parimsar.]
rasling situation he waited on the authorit
this hiftory, with a declaration to the fa. monitorial Department.
lowing effect : “ If the British would
grant me the indulgence which we, in the
DE 17HD CHARACZER To aid the cause of virtue and religion.
day of our power, gave to their adherents, of removing my family and property,
I COLONEL ISAIC HAYNE,
would seek an asylum in the remotei corFOR THE BALANCE.
ner of the United States rather than submit to their government ; but as they al.
low no other alternative chan fubmiffion or A REMARKABLE CHINESE PREDICTION.
confinement in the capital,
from my wife and family, at a time when
S soon as the American army they are in the most pteffing need for my ESIDES the inspired propheis obtained repofleffion of the country, the presence and support, I must for the preaf Palestine, several others, in diffrent gd inhabitants after returning in their lorner ent yield to the demands of the conquerges and countries, have either really or allegiance, rcfolutely put all to us in fup. I requell you to bear in mind, that, Teemingly predicted the coming of the pert of independarce. Though the Brit. previous to my taking this lep, I declare, Great Restorer of human nature and teach inn, in the career of their conquefts, had that it is contrary to my inclinatin, and or of mankind. The remarkable prophe- incuica ed the necesity and propriety of forced on me by hard neceffity. I never cy of Balaam, concerning a brilliant Stari transferring allegiance from the varquith will bear arms against any country. Niy that should ride from the progeny of Jacob, led to the victor, yet they treated with the new mifters can require no fervice of me is recorded in the sacred volume. Virgil, uimoit severity those unfortunate men, but whai is enjoined by the olå militia law tbe celebrated Roman poet, in some of his when in their power, who, having once of the province, which tublinies a fine admirable lines, seems to have been “rapt accepted of Britila proteclion, acted on 112 lieu of perfonal service. That I will ipto future scenes," and to have depicted, these very principles in afterwards re-join
these very principles in alterwards re-join. I pay as the price of my protection. If my as by inspiration the ceming and the reigning their victorious countrymen.
condue ihould be censured by my coud
ACCOUNT OF THE
FROM PAMSAY'S HISTORY OF THE REVOLUTION
at a distance
trymen, I beg that you would remember || ally refused. Had he been considered as When the city barrier was past, and the inthis conversation, and bear witness for me, a British subjeêt, he had an undoubted strument of his catastrophe appeared full in that I do not mean to defert the cause of right to trial—if an American officer, to view, a faithtul friend by his side observed America."
luis parole; but in violation of every prin. to him, “ that he hoped he would exhibit In this state of distress Col. Hayne, sub-ciple of the constitution, he was ordered anexample of the manner in which an A. scribed to a declaration of his allegiance to for execution by the arbitrary mandate of merican can die!” He answered with the the King of Great Britain, but not with Lord Rawdon and Lieutenant-Col. Bal
utmost tranquility," I will endeavour to out expressly objecting to the clause which four.
do so." He ascended the cart with a firm required him, with his arıms to support The Royal Lieutenant Governor Bull, step and serene aspect. He enquired of the the Royal government." The Comman. and a great number of inhabitants, both || cxecutioner, who was making an attempt 10 dant of the garrison, Brigadier-General Loyalists and Americans, interceded for
get up lo pull the cap over bis eyes, what Patterson, and James Sinpon, Esq. In. || his life. The ladies of Charleston gener he wanted ? Upon being informed of his tendant of the British police, allured him, ji aliy signed a petition in his behalf, in which design the Col. replied, " I will fave you that this would never be requirei, and ad was introduced every delicate sentiment that trouble," and pulled it over himlelt. ded farther, " that when the regular torces that was likely to operate on the gallantry
that was likely to operate on the gallantry | He was afterwards asked whether he wishcould not defend the country without the of officers, or the humanity of men. His
ed to say any thing, to which he answered, aid of its inhabitants, it would be high children, accompanied by lome near rela. "I will only take leave of my friends, and time for the Royal army to qui."
tions, were presented on their bended l be ready." He then affectionately shook Having submitted to their government, knees, as humble suitors for their farther's hards with three gentlemen--recommend. he readily obtained permition to return to life. Such powerful interceffions were ed his children to their care--and gave the his family. In violation of the special con- inde in his favour as touched many an un Gignal to the cart to move. dition under which he subscribed the decia- feeling heart, and drew tears irom many an Thus fell, in the bloom of life, a brave ration of his allegiance, he was repeatedly hard eye; but Lord Rawdon and Lieuten- officer, a worthy citizen, a juft and upcalled on to tak: arms againit his country. ant Col. Baltour remained inflexible.
right man, furnishing an example of he. men, and was finally threatened with clote After his fate was fixed, he was repeat. roism in death that extorted a confeffion confinement in case of farther rclufal. Helly vified by his friends, and conversed from his enemies, " that though he did This open breach of contract, together on various subjets with the fortitude oi a
not die in a good cause, he must at least with the inability of the late conquerors inan, a philosopher and a christian.
man, a philosopher and a christian. He have acted from a persuasion of its beto give him that protection which was particularly lamented that, on principles ing so.” as a compensation for his allegiance, the of reciprocal retaliation, his execution Americans having regained that part of would probably be an introduction to the l of their country men than the illuftrious
Few men food higher in the estimation the state in which he resided, induced him tedding of so much innocent blood. to consider himself released from all en.
man whose exii has been just described. His children who had lost their parent,
General Greene demanded from the Brii. gagements to the Britih Cummanders. Szere brought to him in the place of bis
ish commanders their reaions for his exe. The inhabitants of his neighbourhoor, confinement, and received from his lips the
cution. To which he received a written who had also revolied, subcribed a peti- l dying assice of an affectionate father.
dying advice of an affectionate father. | answer, signed by N. Balfour, acknowtion to General Pickens, praying that Col. On the laft evening of his lite he told a Hayne might be appointed Lothe command tiend, that he was no more alarmed at the
ledging, that it took place by the joint
order of Lord Rawdon and himselt, but of the regimeni. Ilaving resumed his thoughts of death than di any other occur.
in consequence of the moit express direcarms, and the tide of conquest being rence that was necessary and unavoidable.”
sion from Lord Cornwallis, to put to fairly turned in the short space of thirteen He requehed those in whom the supreme | death those who should be found in arms, months after the surrender ut Charleston, power was velied, 10 accommodate the
after being at their own requef's received he was sent in the month ut Juiy, 1781, | mode of his death to his feelings as an ofli
as subjects ince the capitulation of Charlef. with a final party to reconnoire. They cer ; but this was refused.
con, and the clear conquest of the provpenetrated within leven miles of the capi Qn the morning of the fatal day, on re ince in the summer of 1730." ia!-took General Williamfon prisoner, reiving his summons to proceed to the and retreated to the head quorters of the place of execution, he delivered some pa.
The regular officers ni the continental regiment. This was the line Willium pers to his ekki fog, a youth of about thir
army preferted a pe....on to Gencial
Greene, :equeding ihat he would rotali fun, who, having been an active andi ule. teen years of age--" Present," said he, ful officer in the militia of South Caroli " these papers to Mrs. Edwards, with my
ate for the execution of Col. Hayne. na, from the commencement of the war request that the would forward thiniu her
By this they voluntarialy subjccied them
felves to all the confequences to which, in to the furrender of Charleston in May, brother in Congress. You will next re1780, hscame, soon after that event, a pair io the place of my executivn--receive
case of capture, they would be exposed.
General Cieere icon after issued a proclaBritish subject. Such was the anxiety of my body, and fee it deceatly intcrred a. the British commandant to rescue General irong iny forets hers.” They took a final
mation, threatening to make Britih cfii. Williamson, that he ordered his whole leave. The Colonel's arms were pinioned,
cors the object of retaliation. This ent cavalry on this business. Col. Havne, and a guard placed around his perfon: couraged the revolled inhabitants to conuntortunately fell into their hands. Tho' The procession began froin the Exchange,
tinue in arms, and effaced every impreffion he had condualed himself peaceably while in the forenoon of the fourth of Auguit,
that was exp(died from the tale of Col. under the British government, and had in.
Havne. The Britilli interest gaired no 1781. The streets were crowded with jured no man, yei for having resumed his thousands of anxious spe&tators. He walk
permanent adventeue, while çity and reüms, for accepting British pioteciior, he ei to the place of execution with such de
venge thapered the swords ofite covo
tymen and loserds of the much loved was, when brought to Charleton, confin cent firmness, composure and dignity, as
Cufferer. ed in a loathsome provoit. At first he was to awaken the compassion of many and to promised a trial, and had counsel prepare! command refpe&t from all. There was a Had this exccution taken place four or to justify bis conduct by the laws of na majeily in his fuffering which rendered five months fooner, the policy of the woas and usages of war ; but this was fis him fuperior to the pangs of death. nealure, as tending to preveot a revolt,