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Question. WHAT is the standard

Driginal Ellays. A molt luminous period that was, when all ble truths against the administration, with

business in England was done in French out incurring punishment ?

and Latin, and the English tongue was Hither the products of your closet-labors bring,

A. No : such an indulgence would Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind. scarcely spoken. Yet neither the reason

lead to the most fatal consequences, and ableness of the thing, nor the antiquity of is not to be suffered in a free country. It FOR THE BALANCE. the precedent availed. The motion was

would open a door 'for intolerable licen. rejected, tho' pressed with all the pathetic tiousness; it would tend to prostrate gov. A POLITICAL CATECHISM. eloquence that ever inspired a tongue de

ernment, by bringing it into contempt ; voted to liberty's sacred cause. Blast the

it would expose the faults of great men to (CONCLUDED.] disappointment !-I wah my hands of it.

vulgar eyes, and might wound their feel. - Whatever man, with mere individual

ings. Truth is sharper than a serpent's might, could do, was actually done. It a

tooth ; it stings and irritates an elevated HAT is the standard single arm could have effected it, the fra

mind, ten-fold more than falfhood. Thereof freedom by which the press is and ought|dom of the press would have been estab

fore our wise ancestors, some seven or lithed on a firm and immoveable basis : to be guided, as it repeats the character

nine hundred years ago, established it as a and measures of Mr. Jefferson ? but some men, who are right in the main

maxim, that “ the greater the truth, the need further disciplining. Answer. As it respects that august per

greater is the libel.sonage, the excommunicated sea” is, Q. Is then the inviolability of Mr. Q. Do you then approve the British as yet, allowed a very licentivus indul- || Jefferson's character and measures, in no

government ? gence ; inasmuch as no previous restraint manner shielded from the unballowed

A. None can approve it lels, or de. is laid on the press, by binding federal touch of federalisis ?

telt it more ; it is a system of intolerable printers, while unconvitted of crime, to A. It is, in a manner, (tho' alas ! too oppression and flavery ; it is a mals of keep the peace and to their good behav- feebly,) ihielded from thole vile caitiffs, by rotten institutions. To call it a free goviour. A great apostle of liberty; who con the British Common Law.—Printers have ernment is an insult upon the human un. templates the beauties of the goddess, with the licentious indulgence of publishing derstanding ; every good republican is ineffable rapture and daily kneels at her what they please concerning Mr. Jeffer- | bound to execrate it, and to wish for its altar and kifles her shrine, in vain attempt.

son. They are laid under no heavy bonds speedy downfall : Yet the English com. ed such a previous restraint. Mortifying for their good behaviour : no commission mon law, as it relates to libels, is, under defeat! Ah, the blindness of certain judg. ers have been appointed to give a previous | present circumstances, an excellent weapes! They had not far ehough advanced licence to political publications. Indeed, on wherewith to defend the rights of the in the “ march of fentiment" to perceive they order things better in France,” that people ; 'tis exaétly suited to the condi. the necessity and salutary nature of such a dear land of liberty. Printers here, I say, lition of this country. measure.

are allowed to publish whatever they please Q. In case that Mr. Jefferson should Q. On what ground was the previous on politics ; liable merely to fines, bonds || belray and sacrifice the dearest interests of restraint attempted ?

and imprisonment, if they presume to pub. ll the nation, and that the facts relating to 1. It was attempted on the ground of

lifh aught, that may tend to diminish the his perfidy should be capable of being the statute of Edward third, a great and

character of our august chief, or of the || tully fubftantiated by proof ;-might they worlhipful king of England ; who lived

other officers of government, whom he de not be published with impunity ? nearly five centuries ago-indeed long belighteth to honour.

A. Such a thing is impossible. The fore any printing-press had been known. l. Day not printers publish provea. | Englilh have a maxim, that " the king

" ment.

can do no wrong:" 'tis stupid to say this li fidel, utterly unworthy to be cherished or il forded him the means of viewing every of a king ; but Mr. Jefferson has more tolerated in the bofom of our holy church. hing on a larger scale than those who had wisdom, more virtue, more honour, thar

CONSISTENCY. only divisions and brigades to attend to:all the kings have put together, who reign

who knew nothing of the corresponden. in Christendom.He betray and sacrifice

cies of the Commander in Chief, or of the the interest of the nation! The supposi.

various orders to, or transactons with, the tion is blasphemy.

Seleated. Q. Inasmuch as the angels of light be.

general Staff of the army.

These advantages, & his having served came foul apoftates, it is surely not im

with usefulness in the Old Congress, in the possible that even Mr. Jefferson may err


General Convention, and having filled one and do wrong ; and if such an incident

of the most important departments of gor. should exist and the public should thereby

“ We are willing to give ample credit to " Gen. HAMILTON for great talents in

ernment, with acknowledged abilities and be greatly endangered, ought not the peo. ple to know it ? « his profission, great address as a politi-l and inade him a conspicuous character in

integriy, has placed him on high ground, A. It would be best that the people

cian, great courage as a soldier, and great be United States and even in Europe. To should not know it: the publication of

" ambition as a fiatesman. His talents, i there, as a matter of no small consideration, fuch intelligence would light up the torch

“ his address, his courage, and bis amb:

tion, we believe, have been studioully in the line ot his profession is his most cer. of fedition; it would diminish the peo.

may be added, that as a lucrative practice ple's confidence in their chief magistrate, " devoted to his own personal agrandize.

tain dependance, the inducement to relin. and would estrange their hearts from his

(National £gis.]

quish it must in fome degree be commen. facred person.

In answer to this pitiful attempt to de luraie. By some he is considered an 07. Q. Should a printer publish any fact tame, it might be sufficient to present a fin

bitious man.

That he is ambitious, I thall of this kind, together with substartial doc. gle fact-Mr. Hamilton was certainly realiv grant, but, it is of that laudable uments in proof; what must be the con more than any man able to calculate very kind which prompts a man to excel in sequence ?

early on the consequences of funding the whatever he takes in hand. A. The presumptious wretch must be Debt, and it will easily be seen that he " He is enterprizing, quick in bis pre. indicted, and puniihed according to law. miglit, directly or indireêtly have availed || ceptions--and in his judgment intuitively

Q. Should he produce in court twenty himlelf of his knowledge, to extend his great : Qualities eilential to a great millfubitantial witne tles, in proof of bis alle. private fortune to any nameable amount. tary character, and therefore I repeat, that gation, would not this circunstance tend It is well known, however, that an incel. || his lofs will be in reparable.” to effect his acquital ?

sant diininution of that fortune was the r'. Now then let the inalignity of age dictate A. If he should produce in court an sult of his going into the Treasury, and e and boyish vanity endite--here is the tes. hundred witnesses, it could no wise avail ventually rendered it necessary for him to umony of one who could not be mistaken, him. The bench would not permit them resign his situation and return to his pro. and who was incapable of deception. to be sworn : common law forbids it. feflion for a support,

Q. If Mr. Jefferson should perfonally But instead of disputing with a pert and appear in court, and acknowledge the fact sausy jackanapes, whose impudence is on. alledged against him, might not this ex ly equaled by his malice, one of those egre

Balance Closet. culpate the publisher ?

gious triflers, whose vanity scruples not to A. It would in no manner tend to his sacrifice truth to the rounding of a period,

RETOR T. exculpation, but would really aggravate we shall, as a satisfactory refutation of this

The civilized and the evage man have opposite the offence : il would prove that the alle. abust, present the impartial opinion of one

modes of warfare : the former stands erect in ihe gation were a great iruth ; and confe who will be allowed full ciedit ! One

open field, and bares his bosom to his adversary : quently, that it were a great libel. whole atribute it was to see more deeply

the latter lies in ambush; and the corroding wounds, Q. Is this then the pertection of lib. into real charaller than almost any other man, and who was intimately acquainted | pursued to his hiding place, he speeds his flight to

which he inflicts, proceed irem an unseen hand. If A. It is the quintessence, the very with Mr. Hamilton for a long course of

another dark retreat ; and plots to ensure the ere marrow of liberty ; it is the sacred touch tine both during the revolucionary war

my, that he dares not mee: on open ground. fone of orthodoxy.--Whoever does not and lince. Two years after his retirement

A like difference of characters is cbservable in the believe with all his heart, that to publish all from public lile, WASHINGTON thus ex

warfare of the pen. Some wage it in an open manmanner of evil against ihe ex-officers, and prefied himself in a letter to Mr. Ad.

ly manner, and scorn to shrink from an avow al of allo against the second magistrate in the

any thing they write. Others prefer a busb.fight : nation, is highly meritorious ; and that to Extract of a letter from General Wath.

in anony!

ymous publications, or under the cover of publish aucht against Mr. Jefferson, (thu' ington to Prefident Adams, dated Mount

fictitious signatures, they can, with cool and delibPrue,) is a damaiklin ;-whoever does

erate nalice, commence unprovoked attacks. They

can secretly feather their arrows, dip them in posadmitted the truth in evidence, was an a&i draw comparisons, and I shall avoid it as

son, and aim them, with an exertion of every nerve, of horrible oppression and tyranny ;--and much as poflible: but I have no hefitation

at the heart of their marked victim. In their hid. that the common law, which punishes in declaring that, if the public is to be de.

den recess, they “grin horrible a ghasily smile," truth as severely as it does fa lhood, is the prived of the service of Col. Hamilton, in

at the wounds on character, which they have se. beft poflible security for the freedom of ihe military line, the post he was defined

curely inflicted If challenged to avow themselves, the press ;- "hoever does not believe and to fill will not be easily supplied ; and that

they plurge still deeper into their thicket; if vigo. openly profess, without any equivocation this is the sentiment of the public, I think rously pursued, they are like the scurtie fisk, that, or mental reservation, all and every of I can venture to pronounce. Althongh to conceal itself, fouls the water with which it is these cardinal points of republican faith, Col. Haicilton has never acted in the char. surrounded ;--if dragged into open light and dared to sether with ali che subordinate doctrines aller of a genaral officer, yet his opportu to a fair combat, they instantly cry, “ murder."- If and principles, which have been now de nities, as the principal and most confiden their insulted, incensed fue make a free use of the ciared in this catecholicaí creed-is an in. Il rial Aid of the Commander in Chief, af. "I gooscaquill, and repay them, wah interest, in their

erty ?


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own coin, they roar aloud against "pbilippics ;" and bellous Publications (true or false] ought to escape Chief.justice Lewis presided. Eight virtually confess a conscious inferiority, by throwing with impunity and to go unpunished, we do not un federal Lawyers were employed for Crof. down their gall-dippeil pen, and Aying to the tan derstand the English language. We might fill a well against ine Attorney-General, and the gles of law.

volume with extracts from democratic papers, in Aslistani-Attorney, Ebenezer Foot, Esq. This is all the reply, which the Senior editor of support of our position ; but we think it needless

Coleman owes his present enlargethe Balance is, at preser, dis posed to give to Mr. The fact is too well known to require any further ment to the forbearance o! the Arronky Spencer s late note in the Bee. proof

of this Diftrict. How far he is encicled to The writer further says,

the clemency of Mr. Riker, to that of A long article appears under the cditorial head of

" Tie sedition law protected president the republicans at large, thote who have the last Bee, concerning the trial of Croswell, but “ Adams and the two houses of congress, been in the habit of reading bis libellous Holt, we are satisfied, was not the author of it.

" whilft it left the vice president (then sheets, cannot be at a loss to determine. It does not bear those legille marks of stupidity “ Nír. Jefferson) obnoxious to the whole Coleman and Harry Croswell have been and dullness which distinguish the productions of

“ hurt of libellers : this especial care of guilty of the same crise and ought to that hireling editor, from those of a ter:ain boxeur

“ their chief plainly indicated that the act share the same fate. able correspondent. The editor of the Bee is in

was a mere party measure.”

We hope Croswell's example will be fact, a mere stalking horse. He is used by men

This assertion has, several times, been made by productive of good; candid and liberal in. who dare not appear openly as the “base assassins

democratic printers, and at least once before now veftigations are of incftimable value to the of reputations." Incapable himself of rendering

by the Bee ; but we considered the misrepresentation state, but the licentiousness of federal satisfaction for injury, he lends his nanie to cow

so gross and ridiculous, as to be totally unceserving is presles ought not to be tolerated.” ardly slanderers, who feel sufficiently secure, when

of notice. Since, however, it is again repeated, it secretly intrenched behind his rotten editorial repu.

We copy from the Evening Post, the following may not be amiss to give it a moment's attention. tation. But the author of the article in the Bee 13

reply to the above statement :The vice president of the United States performs no well known. His writings cannot be disguised, un:il they are divested of that malignity and sophis. official act, except in the capacity of president of

It is the singular fare of this fellow, the Senate. As president of the Senate, he be.

[Cheetham) that when truth and falshood try with which they so much abound. The charge of wilful perjury, which this writer longs to, and is subject to all the rules and regula.

be both betore him, and the former will tions of that house. When the sedition law was

answer just as well as the latter, he inva. :- has made against the junior editor, is too serious for newspaper discussion. He will be called to answer in force, the president of the Senate (Mr. Jefferson) | riably prefers the latter; one of those

wretches who are so habituated to lying, for it in a court of justice. No law will be resorted

was just as much entitled to its protection as Mr.
Adams, or any other person.

The above quoted

that he lies confidently, where iruth would to, which prevents the truth from being given in

answer as well. It is false that an action evidence. On the contrary, the writer will be chal.

sentence is, therefore, false, and the insinuation
with which it closes, is base and detestable.

of pander was brought againit Mr. Cros. leaged to prove his charge, and if able to do it, will

well; if there had been he might have giv

Of the case of Frothingham, we are not suffi. e cape the penalty which must otherwise await ciently informed to enter into a controversy about it

en the truth in evidence, by way of de. 1 him.

fence : but the method taken by the pros. at this time. We have no doubt, however, that The writer says, the Bee-writer has given it his usual share of false

ecutor was by indiel ment at common law, “ We again repeat it, that the objec. colouring

where it is held, in the very teeth of juf" tions to the act of congress called the

tice and common sense, that a man is es sedition law did not arise from any idea


qually guilty of having maliciously and " that libellous publications ought to el. No recent event has given the democratic editors wickedly published a falsood, although

cape with impunity and to go unpunish a better chance to exercise their talent at niisrepre every syllable is strictly true. Again ;

ed, but they were directed io che inter sentation, than the trial of the junior editor. A It is falle that "the flander confifted prin* ference of congress at all, on the fraid to let the world know the truth concerning | cipally of the base and unfounded story a

ground of a want of constitutional ju. this affair, they have spared no pains to discolour bout 'Black Sally.” Aliho' one indiet• Tisdiction."

or suppress the facts.

Not one of them, to our ment contained five charges, and a second This is altogether false. There was hardly one

knowledige, has yet dared to inform his readers, that indi&tment a sixth charge, the story of democrat in an hundred that objected to the sedition

the truth was not permitted to be given in evidence. Black Sally is not hinted at in either. We law on account of its supposed unconstitutionality.

Here follows the account published by Cheetham, do not repeat the charges bere, because That was the least objection among democratic

of New York- every sentence of which is incor it is our intention, after having obtained a printers; and more than half of the people who rect :

corre&t statement of fiets, to take up this clamoured the loudest against the law, are wholly

“ Some tine fince, the Attorney Gen trial again, and to make a stand upon it, ignorant of every article of the constitution : In eral of this state brought an action of flan- and to call upon every Federal printer in dved, it is very doubiful whether one in twenty of der against the noted Flarry Croswell, Ed. the United States to join us, and make a them ever read the Sedition law itself. But we will itor of the Bilance and a little malignant | bold stand againt TYRANNY. For the appeal to higher authority. We will turn to the paper entitled the Walp. The flander present we shall only say, that we are nos proceedings of the Virginia assembly, and then see consisted principally of the publication of sensible of owing our exemption from what reliance can be placed on the above assertion

the base and unfounded' story about prosecution to Riker, or Spencer, or any The assembly condenined the sedition law, “ be. black Sally, originally invented by Callen other democrat; we should defpile the " cause it was levelled against the right of freely ex.

der and circulated with great avidity by impunity due to such a source permit us amining public characters and measures, and of

his friend and correspondent Coleman. I but to justify by giving the truth in evi" free communication among the people thereon." The Attorney General, Ambrose Spendence, and we ask no more. Guarded in Not a word is here said about the constitutionality

cer, Eiq. much to his credit, thought fit this manner, we challenge the whole boft of the law. The principle which restrains the right to bring an action of flander againit Crof- of deinocracy to take itfue with us on u of " freely examining public characiers" is condem. well, for publishing the infamous calumny what has been from time to time advanced ned. In the report, drafted by Mr, Madison, it is

on the President of the United States in this paper. It false, let us fuffer; if declared that “ the security of the freedom of the

The cause was tried on Friday last at Hud. true, there is yet good fenfe and spirit c. « press requires, that it should be exempt, not on

fon, and by private letters yesterday recei.nough lett in the community to iphold si ly from the previous inspection of licensers but from ved we are informed that the attrocious and prote& us. At any rale, we' thall ** the subsequent PENALTY OF LAWS" Now

libeller was brought in guilty by an im. venture to place a reliance on this opinion, if these sentences do not contain an “idea that li. partial jury.

and act accordingly,






ny, without the props of wealthy and in

fluential relations, he has raised himself
and become respectable, by his own indul.
try, prudence and integrity. Now look

at Florio : his means were great ; his fa.
ther left bim a large patrimony; he had MR. LIVINGSTON'S MEMORIAL.
powertul connections able and ready to

bring him forward in the world : but his Agricultural.

THIS evening we conclude the Memo. vices have undone him. By wallowing rial, which has been said by some of the in the mire of debauchery, he has dislipat Chancellor's friends, to have had a pie.

ed his eliate, impaired his understanding ponderating influence in inducing the FOR THE BALANCE.

and poisoned his health ; and has become French Court to accede to our views in an object of contempt."

the purchase of Louisiana. How far this “ You can be at no lols as to which of memorial, drawn up and presented to these two characters you would choose. Bonaparte some months ago, and a copy

Therefore imitate the virtues of Antenor, il of which we are informed, has been in HE juice of the apple, were

and thun the vices of Florio." This way this city some fix or eight weeks since, the best methods used in expressing and of teachirg by example is often more ef.

could have a decisive operation on his preserving it, as well as in sorting the fruit, ficacious, than by precept.

inind, may be a matter of fpeculation, inight perhaps be rendered almost equal to

We have received some private letters

Doctor Hitchcock, in his “ Domestic the juice of the grape. The following Memoirs," has the following usetul anec.

on this subject which would go farther mcthod of preserving cider is mentioned

elucidate the point, were it supposed to dute. in Dean's husbandry. “ An experiment,

be material at this time to have it feitled, Says a valuable correspondent, in the coun. An old military gentleman, who was Dismissing all conje&tures of this fort

, we ty of Suffolk (Mass.) was made in the year

as much diftinguilhed for his morals as for shall beltow a few remarks, on the Memo. 1764. Sonc iron bound casks of cider

his courage, told a friend, that his father, il rial itreit.

who was a sensible man, but extremely de: were placed in a cellar which was always

In the first place, it would seem, if Mr. so full of cold spring water, as to keep vout, seeing that he was much inclined to

Living Iton's judgment and information the calks constantly covered, with the wa. a certain vice, spared no pains to curb this

may be relied on, the acquisition of Lou. ter running upon them continually. As propensity ; but finding, notwithstanding || iliana is really ot' very questionable value

, the water was at all times equally cold, it all his care, that his fon ftill persisted in

to lay the best. He says, the cultivation bis vices, he carried him to an hospital ef- ll of this hot and infalubrious climate is kept the cider not only from the influence

tablibed for the cure of a certain vile dilof the air, but fermentations in liquor.- eale ; and without any previous intimation the slave trade is to be forever supported

to be carried on by slaves; of course then, In which place it continued from Octo. ber to May following. It was then drawn

of his design, led him into a gallery full of and encouraged by our Governmen. off into barrels, and was pronounced to those unhappy wretches, who were severe.

Let the friends of humanity refle&t upon be the best of cider, by very good judg- .y expiating the folly which had brought this. But he goes on to prove, that the

ihem thither. At this hideous spectacle, | labour of these slaves will not, alier all,

so offensive to all the senses, the young produce any profit to their employers, He adds, “ In this manner the famous

man grew

sick. " Go thou wretched deFalernian wine, so often mentioned by the

least for many years." On their arriva bauchee, said the father, with a significant Latin poet Horace, was kept, being funk look and emphalis, follow thy loose incli

at Louisiana, (says he) the flaves will be look and emphasis, follow thy loose incli- employed in the barren occupation of fel. in the river Tiber, which washed the walls

nations ; it will not be long before thou | ling the large forests with which this inof Rome."

will think thy sell happy in being admitted | mense country is covered, a labour bu: into ihis place. Oi, prehaps, a victim to little fuited to slaves, for it requires being the most intamous sufferings, thou wilt long accullomed to the ax, and force a.

compci thy father to thank God for thy activity are seldom found in flaves; they soonitorial Department. death. Thele few words, joined to the at. must be cloathed, fed and maintained du.

fecting scene before him, made an imprel ring ruhole years before any pofit can be

fion upon the young mar, which time derived from them." To aid the cause of virtue and religion.

could never efface. Condemnel, by his " Who then he asks) will cukivare

profession, to spend his youth in garrisons, Louisiana with ilaves ?” Here, firft LouFOR THE BALANCE. he chose rather to bear the raillery of his

ifiana can only be cultivated by favescompanions than imitate their vices."

next a question is pul implving that it can

never be so cultivated. We contes we ON INSTRUCTING YOUTH FROM LIVING

do not very well comprehend what the EXAMPLES,


Honourable Chancellor would now be a.

In the course of the Memorial ie aller:
N excellent method of produc.
A GREAT operation, directed to an

that the pains, expences, and luis ing in young minds a veneration for virtue | important obje&t, ihough it should fail of important objeët, though it should fail of tlements in a marshy country and aturning

men, which are infeparable from new 4 and a dread of the contequences of vice, is success, maiks the genius and elevates climate; the invafion of Indians; the 2n to contratt the one to the other, by exhib. the character of a minister: A poor con. furrection of flaves, &c. &c. all the le in

: iting to their view the opposite characters tracted understanding deals in littieschemes, conveniences united, are enough to his of the virtuous and the vicious. Sophron which dishonor him if they fail, and do

an undertaking and ruin a fettlement. If sometimes fays to his children, "mark hin no credit when they succeed.

such be the true eltimation in which Louthe merit of Antenor : without a patrimo.

Junius. isiana is to be held, we repeat it, we are


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yet to learn how it becomes such an im source of security as this. It is true,

to have with them as little political conmense acquisition, as, that FIFTEEN MIL

France might be willing to protect us, and nection as posjible." It must be un. LIONS OF DOLLARS is to be deemed a chca? do us the special favour of devouring us at wise in us to implicate ourselves by artifipurchase,

lait. However, it is about as much as cial ties, in the ordinary vicisitudes of her In a spirit of candor, however, we are

they are equal 10, to protect themselves. politics, or the ordinary combinations compelled to admit that we do not think This abject flattery might possibly have and collisions of her friendships or enmi

ties. Our detached and diftant situation that this is exactly the true light in which been expected in a democrat during the we are to view Louisiana; it shall not be de. first days of the French revolution, but invites and enables us to pursue a differnied by us that it is a valuable territory and

now, at this time of day, when the hey ent course.” 'Tis our true policy to leer that its acquisition with that of the land day of Gallo-American phrenzy has prin- clear of permanent alliances with any por

Constantly of New-Orleans, is of primary impor- cipally lublided, to find it now in the of tion of the foreign world."

ficial document of a public minister, argues keeping it in view, that it is folly in one tance to the United States. therefore, charitably diipoled to believe nothing lels than a mind radically detec. nation to look for disnterested favours that the Honourable Chancellor when he live and diseased.

from another ; that it must pay with a pordrew up this memorial which is io itamp

tion of its independence for whatever it immortality on his naine, humbly consent.

terwards made use of; “ Two people form- may accept under that character ; that by ed, for the time being, io turn the digni- led to alliit France, and bound to aid her

ed to all it one another.It we are form- such acceptarice, it may place itself in the fied character of the American Minister at

ed to allist France, and bound to aid her condition of having given equivalents for Paris into that of a petty chapiar, and by

in all her difficulties and embark in all her nominal favors, and yet of being reproachtaking the advantage of the ignorance of

quarrels, as the loving democra:s once ed with ingratitude for not giving more. the First Conful and of all his count, to

contended for, we fuppole Mr. Jefferson, There can be no greater error than to exbeat him down in the price. Should be

when he told us that it was one of “the lpect or calculate upon real favors from then have been rebuffed with the untx

{ential principles of our Government” nation to nation. 'Tis an illusion which pected reply of “ Sir this might do with

to have " entangling alliances” with no experience must cure; which a just pride

nation, he must have intended an excep. ought to discard." petty provinces, but a Great Nation nev

tion in favor of France; and indeel, it the Thus spoke the fage Washington in the er commutes its territory for peif;" should such have been the answer originally giv.

is our ally by nature, as the Chancellor has last address he ever penned-an address

it, this must naturally be expected of us. breathing genuine patriotism in every line, we think it ought not to occasion

But here we beg permission to oppose to much surprize in the American reader ;

fraught with good sense, and di&tated by this notion of Mr. Chancellor Livingston's the inoft earneft solicitude, in " the pureit nor on the other hand, should the First Consul afterwards have found his situation

that France is our natural ally, the lan of all possible hearts," for our welfare; an and circumitances fọ essentially changed laruied, after what has lately liappened at

of one whom no democrat we feel addrels containing the counsels of an

old and affectionate friend," to which he with regard to Europe, as to have made it

their public festivals, will dare to attack, flattered himselt, his countrymen would his policy to listen to the proposals which

and whom every federalist is proud to re. now and then recur to moderate the he had first spurned at, can we think the

member was once our Chief. li is a letmemorialit would thereby become enti

fury of party spirit, to warn against the iled to a wreath of never-fading laureis, of the Six Nations, dated in 1757, and is ter from General Washington to the Chieis mitchiet of foreign intrigue, and to guard

against the impoltors of pretended patrifor his extraordinary diplomatic talents ?

Having disposed of the commercial part Philadelphia nearly fifty years ago Paris holds a very different language-of this far.tamod memorial, we shall finish


According to him we have a permanent with a few remarks on its political senti. " We are glad to see you, and are sorry alliance with France, for it is formed by ments.

" Woolen articles and hard that such reports disquiet you. The Eng. nature herself; there is no point of colli. ware (says he) are the only articles which lih do not intend to hurt you, or any of fion between" us; we are isiwo people America receives from England ; but your allies. This news, we know, must have formed [expressly] to aslift each other.” France shall furnish not only all thele, but been forged by the French, who are con From France we are to look for the most her agriculture will gain by the sale of her antly treacherous; asserting the greatest “ disinterested favours," and are, of couríe, wines, brandies, and oils. Those advanta.

ta!!hoods whenever they think they will to lose no opportunities to conter“ dilinges (adds he) that is, the sale of wine, bran.

turn out to their adyantage. They speak, terelled favours" on her in return. dy and oil, have exhibited France as the and will promise fine things, but all from Had Mr. Living itun flopped even here, natural ally of the United States, to the eye the lips outward, whilft their heart is cor though it would have evinced that “ ex. of those who have considered, in the ex. rupted and full of venomous poilon. The ceflive partiality" to France,

France, against tent of her power, a new pledge of the se. English, your real friends, are too generous which Washington so strongly cautions curity of their commerce and their fitore

to think of using their allies in this man us, it would have been lels objectionable, tranquility.” As we have to confess our

on the score of prudence and propriety, ignorance of what is meant by one nation's And this mention of the venerable Wath than the “ excesive diflike" which he being the natural ally of another, we can. ington, suggests another prominent senti afterwards betrays towards England. not undertake to say, but that such an alli ment, which he has been at great pains to " I am incapable (says the Chancellor) ance, if it really eviits, may as well be inculcate in his affectionate farewell Ad of conceiving the ridiculous idea of

produced by the sale of French brandy as dress to the people of the United States. threatening a government, which has seen by any other means, and therefore, for the Exceffive partiality (says he) for one all Europe bend the knee before its power.prefent, we let this pals. But who those foreign nation, and excesive dislike of an It can hardly be fuppoled this is very patriots can be, who consider the Ameri- other, caufe those whom they ačtuate to see palatable to Russia or Prussia, or calculat. can commerce and tranquility as depend the danger only on one side, and serve to ed to call forth the good will of England ingon the security furnished us by the ex veil and even to second the arts of influence towards us. But this is not all. “I have tenlive power of France, we know not ; on the other." " The great rule of con. observed (he proceeds) that France and for ourselves, we should be among the last duet for us, in regard to foreign nations, the United States are in a respective fituto place any great reliance on such a | is in extending our commercial relations ; aion, so fortunate as to have no point of

of the Six Nations; date de caz:7 printed as om m". But the American ministere at


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