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Q. Is such a “procedure" justified by
procedure" justified by of reproach, or by wishes for their des.

Communication. respectable precedents ?

truction--such as " antifederalism triumA. It is : the republics, both in France phani"; ihe fun ol federalisin has fet" and England ; the reigns of the Edwards,

an infamous federal meeting," &c. A READER of the Balance, in the and the Henrys,ếof Richard third-of

&c.!! And surely it can never be forgot. Il second Ode conimunicated from Lee, queen Mary-of the whole line of the Slu. ten, that Washington was the perpetual, (Mass.) has remarked the following lines, arts---and also the records of the far.

never failing theme of their reproach, cen the two last of which he thinks to be very chamber, furnish a variety of precedensture, invective and abhorrence. Can the incorrect in point of sentiment. in favour of such a compulsory uniforiniinvectives poured forth upon that illuftri

" See on Albion's boasted isle, ty--precedents, which had been buried unous characier, in certain papers, whose

“ Sorrow heaves the breast of toil ; der the rust of time, and are therefore naines we purposely omii, by persons eri

Slavery there in triumph reig18, venerable for their antiquity. joying the tavour, the patronage and the re

Milliona słumber o'er their chaine." Q. What is liberty of speech ?

wards of that party, and the great man who

headsit, be forgotten hy Americans ? Cun In this land of boasted freedom, there A. It is the liberty of speaking well of the rewards beituned lipon the author of are nearly fix hundred thousand slaves, the present administration, (Mr. Burr ex. the Projpect before Us be forgotten? who are bought and soid like caitle : in cepted) and of all who have obtained, or Can it poflibly be overiocked or lost

, in the the illund of Great-Britain, there is much Thall obtain offices under it, in whatever

Thort space ot a few inonths, thai the people poverty, much beggary, contraited with ways or by whatever means. were supposed to be 'lo harped up to ilie

boundless wealth and luxury ; but there is [to be CONTINUED.]

tune of anti-federalism, (ihat is to say to i there no slavery-the moment a negro hoftility to federalismı) by the acts of the i llave lands on that iland, he is free.party, that the son-in-law of the truflee of The government of Great Britain is part

thai conftirution--of the man who is boundly monarchical, partly aristocratical, and Seleđco.

by his official duty to support and preserve it partly democratical.' The king himself -of its chief magiftrate---in a word, of our is bound by fixed laws ; and the people

Preldent, thought it good policy to state, are not vassals or llaves, as in an absolute FROM THE CHARLESTON COURIER. in a cajoling address to a district which he i monarchy; but they are subjects, and are

wished to repreleni, that he would have possessed of many invaluable rights and WHAT Doctor Johnson is related by the conftitution altered.

privileges. Would the writer with that Boswell to have said ot Foote, the celebrat

che “ millions" in the British island, who

In the end, however, they found them. ed mimic, may be applied with some truth

are “ Plumbering o'er their chains," should, selves mistaken, they found that they were to the democrats. " If you get him pin

as lately in France, arise in all their dread. going too far--that the people neither fell ** ned up in a corner, (said the Du&or) he in with their opinions, nor sympathised || and become a democracy ?-Alas! they

ful might, destroy the present government, " is still sure to escape-he is sure either

with their unnatural haireds--that after all to slip between your legs or leap over

once tried this experiment, to their infi

. they loved Washington & the federal con“ your head.” Thus it is with them, ftitution. Then what do they do? Why, I another Cromwell, or another Bonaparte

,

nite coft : and it they should try it again, when they find one line of conduct unpal. like an army of well trained soldiers, they i would soon fill the throne of George! atable to the people, they immediately af.

. wheel about, to the tap of a drum from sume another, making up the deficiency of

head.quarters" To the right about face! principle and wisdom with cunning, or as

quick marchi," is the word and the whole ihe old fable has it, eking out the lion's anti-federal line, from St. Mary's to St, hide with the fox's tail. Croix, in a forced march retreat and en.

Balance Closet. It must be remembered that the party to dearunr to push their adversaries by furwhich we allude did, one andall, with their prise from the firorg holds of federalism, whole might oppose the adoption of the

THE REIGN OF TERROR. and to take poil there themselves. To federal conftitution : That after it was a. speak less figuratively, they now alle! dopted, they incessantly opposed the per- cnly refi:et upon it reader that they are

IT is with reluctance that we again mention the sons whose wisdom and industry had carri the only true friends of federalism. Ard

trial of the junior editor of this paper. A communi

cation in the Bee of last week, must be our ipolog). ed it through ; That the head of that par- they allo speak--readers again reflect upon ty, in a letter to a foreigner, Nigmatized it it-and charter about the wikednels of One great object of the writer of that communica. by the name of an anglo-monarcho aristo those (meaning the federalift.) who would tion seems 10 be, to convince the public, that the cratic government, and other terms of con destroy the federal constitution--the con.

trial of Croswell was impartial. Why that point iempi and dillike--and that every thing the Atitution of the great and illustrious

should be so niuch laboured, before any impeach. party dare to do has been done to friiter it WASHINGTON-What a set ! that of the ment eitš.cr against the Chief Justice or the Attor. away. It must be remembered that the

whole host of them who wrote publickly, ney-General was preferred, is extraordinary. Was name of Federalist, which the party en and privately inveighed against that sav.

there something which whispered the writer, that deavour to have considered as a term of iour of his country, Tom Paine, aye

the public were not satisfied with the mode in which vilc reproach, was the name bestowed on reader, even Tom PAINE himself, is the

the trial was conducted ? The solicitude of this wri. the friends and forwarders of that conllitu. only one who has the sincerity ftill to a ter speaks a language too plain to be inisunderstood. tion ; and that the term Anti-Federalist vow his abhorence and contempt for For ourselves, we frankly confess we dare not fpeaks for itsell, being affumed by them WASHINGTON. Thus then, tofs them up speak all the truth. We dare not say what wg think: when they did not think it their interest, as as you will, they will fill fall upon their We scarcely dare to give a correct history of this they do now, to conceal their hostility to it. legs, like that green-eyed, spring-nail'd, trial, lest it should be the occasion of a new indictIt must be remembered, for many months velvet paw'd, demure, infidious, four

We are well convinced, that the au:hor of have not elapsed since the words federal, legged brother philosopher, whom they fo the communication in the Bee, is determined on the jederalist, and federalisın were never men intimately refeinble in temper and diípodestruction of the Balance ; and that in future, as tioned unaccompanied with the worit kind

heretofore, he will personally and officially use all I

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the means in his power to effect this darling object. Ibirdly. It limited his discretion as to the term of loaded with the di lhonor and relentment of And as he has thus far succeeded in establishing the imprisonment.

the American people. 3 cheers.” doctrine, that TRUTH ITSELF IS A LIBEL, it is

This act was bitterly condemned by the very men

• The freedom of the Press, the great natural that we should take a view of our situation, who have commenced and countenanced the present and not court impending ruin. And if hereafter, e.

palladium of our liberties---may the typrosecution under the common law, which is differven upon subjects peculiarly interesting to the gen. ent from the Sedition in these three points ; but in

rants that care intringe is, meet the eseeral welfare, we speak with some degree cf obscuri.

cration of all good men.

3 cheers." no other respect whatever. The Sedition Law ex. ty, we entreat our friends not to condeinn us pired. By the common law the liberty of the press * The preis free from any tyrannic When they are informed that every word we print, is now to be tested. And wha!, we ask-enay, we clogs, may the only touchitone by which is carefully examined, and that if it will bear prose entreat every honest man to ask his own judgment, to try its merit be the support of freecution, an indictment is sure to follow, and that what have we gained ? Why is it that those who the truth will operate as a strong inducement to were apparently so much alarmed at the mild pro. prosecute, we trust they will not withdraw their visions of the Sedition Law, now have recourse to

Another of the same sort, from an eastern de, patronage, if they do not always see vice in office the Common Law, the doctrines of which are, in

mocratic paperpourtrayed in its disgusting deformity-if they do this respect, so odious-so detestable--so inconsistnot see tyranny stripped of the stolen garb of pat ent with public liberty? What is become of the anx.

“ The liberty of the Press, made facriotism, and set with its tools before the public, for iety of the patriots who three years ago wept and

red by our conilitut:on---may it never be just indignation--in fine, if sometimes we stem to wailed when falshocd was punished? What is be.

violated.” forget that oppression is covering us like a mist, let come of them now, when the arm of up tart powe More still from the Centinel of Freedom it be remembered, that we have families that we er is raised to crush the truth ? Alas! there is not

“ The Press--may the spirit of free. have children ; and that to cherish that noble inde. one of them to be found. Their patriotism has e

men support iis liberty, and the frozons of pendence which was once the boast of an American vaporated. Their attachment to the liberty of the

public opinion correct its licentioufnets. press, is now closely allied to disgrace, destruction

press has mel:ed into “ thip air." Securely seated and misery in offices, the reward of hypocrisy, they feel no

“ Freedom of speech, freedom of the “ It is one of the most salutary convictions (says concern for the public liberty. Nay, it is necessa

press and of religion--downfall to allibose the Bee correspondent) which has at any time tak. ry for them, to keep their places, that they too join

who oppose them.' en place.” We are well aware that no pams will in endeavoring to smother the truth, lest their own be spared to produce a belief that this declara:ion is unworthiness should be published to the world.

If 'cwere no treason," we could hardly refrain correct. But when the public is informed, that the Thus every minion of power is arrayed and armed

from giving it as our opinion, that the following is charge for which Crosweli was tried, had been against the liberty of free enquiry. It is to the

one of the best Epigrams we liave lately seen.

It made in almost every federal paper on the conti. good sense and patriotism of THE PEOPLE then

is copied from the Middletown Gazette. nent, and acknowledged in various democratic ones, that we appeal. Let them ponder upon the gross, before it was mentioned in the Wasp--that in Vir the palpable abandonment of principle which disgra

" EPIGRAU-On the celebration of tbe 4tb of July ginia, where it was first made (but where the ces many men' now in power ; and they will see

by the Democrats at the Jail in Hartford, Conn. TRUTH may he given in evidence) the Jeffersonians that ambition has clothed itself in the manile of plain bave been cpenly and repeatedly challenged to try republicanism--that inordinate lust of office has

“ How comes it, (says Jack to his messmate one

morn) the truth of the charge in a court of justice ; and been too long concealed under the cloak of patriot. " While our Feds take the field and your skulkingrat no prosecution has ever been commenced there im-that the love of liberty so much boasted of, has

holes scorn, chey will at once see why the prosecution was be been only a stepping stone to the attainment of

" That the Denios, who bluster as how they'd presen in the state of New-York. We cannot speak power, to be used for the worst of purposes-in

vail,

« One by one, like Deserters, steal off to the jail ? piainer. The hand of persecution is raised aloft. short, that the rights of the people have been aban

" Pray, shipinate, unriddle this wond'rons affair"The vengeance of power is thundering over our doned and betrayeil.

Nothing plainer (says Tom)-baif the party live

there." heads.

In consequence of the false and unfai: statement Ir is not for us, in the present state of things to in the Bee, we shall commence an impartial histoenquire what the law really is. This it is the pecu. ry of the trial in our next.

We are always charmed with the original matter la: province of :he Supreme Court to investigate.

in the Newark Centinel of Freedom ; and tho' we We await the issue, under a confidence that ine

The writer of the communication above referred to,

carnot make many extracts, still we must, now and Dembers of that Bench are devoied to justice and is very carefui not to mention that Croswell was de

then, snatch a small sprig lo grace our paper. The 1.berty-have really and in truib left their party barred from the privilege of giving the truth in era

following is genuine democratic poetry, and apa feelings at its foot-stool; and will at least bexitute

idence on his trial. This is truly characteristic. pears, with much more like it, in the Centinel of a before they lay the liberty of the press prostrate in The Bee has two maxims- First, to tell as many

late date :the dust.

faishoods as possible. Second, never to iell the truth 41 Sun is the Planet illumines our earth, But let us hope that no indic: ment will follow, if

Anger's a passion conducive to wrath ; we should speak with truth of the motives, which

Liberty for, brave Columbians fought, have influenced a resort to a law which, according to

When the Sedition Law was in force, federal “ Laurtl's the branch that shows victory got.” our adversaries, adopts this principle, that the

printers felt perfectly indiferent about it, as it This bears Mitchell's " Proem” and “ Congee." greater the trutb, the greater is the livel.We will,

merely punished fulsoods. Now that the cominon

law doctrine is enforced, democra's are equally in. for argument sake, suppose this doctrine correct. Let as here then entreat those who have memories,

different, because it punishes nothing but truth, and A very respectable paper, has recently made its apto recollect what was said three years ago against they have therefore little to fear.

pearance at Newburyport, Mass. entitled the New. the Sedition Act, That act differed from the coin

ENGLAND RererTORY," Dr. John Park is its mon law, under which Croswell was tried, in three The following insolent and abusive coasts, drank

editor. It bears every mark of federalium. While material points. on the late anniversary of our Independence, appear

paper-new types--accurate workmanship, and ed. First. It permitted the truth to be given in evi. in the Aurora, the only paper, over which Mr.

itorial talents, shew clearly that it is a work very

different from those black vebicles of still blacker dence as a justification. Jefferson pretends to have absolute controul.

politics, the Jeffersonian papers of the day. We Secondly. It limited the discretion of the judge as " The liberty of the Prefs--may the

trust, the people of New England will not be backto the amount of the fine,

man who would attempt to invade it, bel ward in supporting the Repertory, .

ON SHEARING LAMBS.

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since they are the offspring of Nera, and vulsive motions made to pant for breath thence was Narrayana named, becaule || -and lastly to lose entirely the power to his first ayana, or moving, was on thein. cry or move; when taken out, he was " That which is the invisible cause, e

100 weak to stand ; but foon, in the com. ternal, self-existing, but unperceived, be mon air, acquired Arength enough to rise coming masculine from neuter, is cele.

and stagger away. brated among all creatures by the name of A trout recently caught, and briskly

Brahma. That God, having dwelled in | swimming in a pail of brook water, was Agricultural.

the egg, through revolving years, himself carefully put into a vessel just filled from meditating on himself, divided it into two the spring : the fish was instantly agitated equal paris ; and from those halves form

with violent convulsions, gradually loft FROM IHE AMERICAN MUSEUM. ed the heavens and the earth, placing in the capacity to move and poize ittell

, the midst of the subtile ether the eight grew Itupid and insensible, and in a few points of the world, and the permanent re.

minutes was dead. ceptacle of waters.”

A candle repeatedly lighted and let

down near the surface of the water, was There are cogent reasons, exclusive of HE following fa&t is recom- the testimony of the Sacred Book, to inthe testimony of the Sacred Book, to in suddenly extinguised, and not a vestige

cí light or fire remained on the wick. duce a belief that the East was the cradle Inended to the attention of farmers : a few

The aforementioned experiments (this weeks since were shorn in the town of of man, or that he there begun his exift

writer observes) nearly correspond with Stratham, state of New Hampshire, from ence :--and the foregoing Indian account

those ulually made in Italy, at the famous of the creation, which had been derived nine lambs, twelve pounds of wool-a

Gronto del Cani, for the entertainment of from immemorial tradition, bears a relem good part of which would make yarn fit for almost any use. Did this practice become blance to the following passages of scrip- travellers ; as mentioned by Keyster, Ad.

dison, and others. general, it would, while it relieved the

A bottle filled with the water and shak.

The first of Genesis, " than which a animal from a cumbrous load, be to the owner a valuable saving. In the State of || sublimer paffage never flowed or will flow

en, emits suddenly a large quantity of a. New Hampshire, there are, on an aver from any pen," declares, “ In the begin-rial matter, that either forces out of the age, one thousand lambs to each town : ning God created the heavens and the

cork, or makes a way beside or through it, these lambs, it shorn, would yield, at the earth. And the earth was without form,

or bursts che veslel. above rate, about fourteen hundred pounds and void ; and darkness was upon the face A quantity of wheaten flour, moistened of wool; that wool might make two thou of the deep : and the spirit of God mov with his water, and kneaded into dough, fand eight hundred yards of cloth, which ed

upon

the face of the waters ; and God when made into cakes and put into a bak. would be worth nine hundred dollars. faid let there be light-and there was ing pan, role, during the application of

light." The Apostle Peter speaks of the heat, into light and (pungy bread, without Philadelphia, Aug. 18, 1803.

word of God producing the earth, “ fand. the aid of yeast or leaven. From which ing out of the water, and in the water." it appears, (says the writer, that the air And the gospel of John begins with these extricated from the water, is preciely

words, " In the beginning was the Word | fimilar to that produced by ordinary ter. monitorial Department,

and the Word was with God, and the mentation,

Word was God. All things were made The waters of the Saratoga Springs are To aid the cause of virtue and religion. by him," &c.Thus the earliest tradi- very cold ; whereas those of New-Lebze

lion accords, tho' in an obscure manner non are warm ; the latter are famous : with divine revelation.

having wrought cures, especially in rhe:FOR THE BALANCE.

matisms, stift joints, scabby eruptions, s.

ceral obstructions and indigestions. To MYTHOLOGY OF THE EAST INDIANS.

consumptive people and to the confis, Biscellany.

Lions or habito which are prone to inflam.de tions, the mineral springs are said to be

prejudicial. ENU, the son of Brahma, thus

SARATOGA SPRINGS. beginis nis address to the sages of the Eaft, who consulted hiin on the formation of the

A NUMBER of years ago, there was worid.

FROM THE PORT FOLIO.
". The world, says Menu, was all dark published, at Philadelphia, the following
nels, undifcernable, undistinguishable, al.

account of experiments actually made on
the mineral waters of Saratoga.

DR. BARROW, in his excellent El together as in a profound fleep; till the

lay on Education, remarks, that in “Sherrelt existent, invisible God, making it man. A young turkey, held a few inches a dan's leêtures on the art of reading," is a ifelt with five elements and other glorious bove the water in the crater of the lower compliment to the English language for forms, perfectly dispelled the gloom.-pring, was thrown into convulsions in juft,' ro claslical, and so consonant to He, delir:rig to raise up various creatures less ihan half a minute ; and, gasping, own sentiments, that he cannot deny hir ' by an emanation from his own glory, firft shewed signs of approaching death : bui self the fatisfaction of quoting, nor the rez: created the waters, and impressed thein on removal from that place and exposure er the benefit of peruling it. On engu:with a power of motion ; by that power

to the fresh air, it revived and became it would be found, says he, that prots was produced a golden egg, blazing like lively.

bly in no language in the world, hare ibe a thousand suns, in which was born Brah. A small dog, put into the same cavity, il vowels, dipthongs, semi-vowels and mutes, ma, felt existing, the great parent of all ra and made to breathe the contained air, was ij been fo happily blended, and in fuch due cional beings. The waters are called nara, in less than one minute thrown into con proportion to confitute the three great

ry,

powers of speech : melody, harmony, and I have few other markets. Let the colonies

have few other markets. Let the colonies || his settlement produces beyond his first neexpression. Upon a fair comparison, it refule lumber, from the north, spirits from ceflaries. He muft. at the same time, would appear that the French have cmal grain, apples, &c. will imn.ediately be I live with the stricteft economy, for having culated their tongue, by rejecting such | fubftituted to thole from sugar, because nothing to offer in exchange, he receives numbers of their consonants, and made it the price of rum would immediately be scarcely any thing from the mother counresemble one of their painted courtezans, higher.-Then it will be that every sort of try, and the nature of the foutherly cli. adorned with frippery. That the Ger-commerce between them and the colonies mates requires very few of the articles ne. man, by abounding too much in harsh gut. I will cease, unless it be for provisions, | cessary in Europe. It is therefore, be. turals and consonants, has great fize and which they will necessarily require to beyond all doubt, that, as to the present cmArength, like the statue of Hercules Far- I paid for in money, or in what will pass in igrant, the few articles furnished him by mese, but no grace. That the Roman, like foreign markets, for money.

French manuta&ures will not coverthelois the bust of Antinous, is beautiful, indeed, The second reason why France ought which the nation will suftain of his own but not manly. That the Italian has beau not to get her lumber from Louisiana, e. labour; besides, he will consume much ty, grace, and symmetry, like the Venus

ven though she might do it, is, that, in case || less in America than he would in France, of Medicis, but is feminine; and that the of war, fuppofing England should pre- and besides his labour, the manufactures, English alone resembles the ancient Greek, serve her naval superiority, no iure calcu. who supplied his wants in both countries, in uniting the three powers of strength lations could be made upon receiving pro- l will be a loser by his emigration. beauty, and grace, like the Appollo of visious; and they could not be supplied Black population will still less contri. Belvidere.

from the United States, for that commerce, | bute to the support of French manufachaving been abandoned fince the peace, || cures, because their consumption in arti. those whom it then employed have fought I cles of dress is very small ; and even in

ocher objects of industry ; and saw-mills, South Carolina it does not amount to more State Paper.

erected to prepare that lumber, are out of || than forty livers a year for each negro. use, and will not easily be set up again, at At Louisiana, where the winter is fill less

the renewal of hoftilities, fo that the mil. | severe, it will be reduced in proportion; LOUISIAN A.

fortunes which are the consequence of it it will consist in cotton, principally work. would be doubly diftrefling to the colo. | ed in the country, and fill more smuggled nies.

from the United States. But if the whole MR. LIVINGSTON'S MEMORIAL.

It is therefore very evident the coloniz. ll were brought from France, after deducting

ing ot Louisiana would, in a commercial | the raw materials which must be purchas[CONTINUED.]

point of view, be very injurous to France, led, the whole profit of the French manufac.

because it would employ capitals which | turer will not amount to more than thirty IT may, therefore, be laid that the colo. would be more usefully employed in the livres for each negro, every year. Now, nies have from the United States, lumber other colonies; because those capitals as each slave will cost the nation 1000 li. for nothing. Should, on the contrary, a would lie dormant for several years, and vres, and as this capital would have pro. settlement be formed in Louisiana for the because admitting they should become pro duced, in France, at least 10 per cent. in supplying of that article, every expense ductive for individuals, they would add | every other commerce or manufacture, the and outlet of this establishment, all the la. nothing to the national mass, and would difference between 100 livres French probour secessary to cit, faw, and transport it have no other effect than to lower the price || duce, and 30 livres, produce of the Loui. to the place where it is to be loid, would be of colonial produce, and lessen the profils liana clothing, şives the real lofs to be fusa real loss for the nation, even admitting of their labour.

tained by the French in the first ten year?, that the cutters and other men employed, It might however be thought, that the during which they can only, as I have fait should take, as payment, molasses and rum; pofleflion of Louisiana would afford one

before, supply their first wants, it so much; because their labour would produce noch more market to French manufactories, and and as a certain number must die by the ing to the nation.

thus compensate the expense of she nation change of climate, and a number will run But it is certain that Louisiana could not for its lettlement. This question deserves a way, the real loss of France on every flave furnish a market for molasses or rum. It a particular examination, and the provil. imported and employed in Louisiana must is only in N. England, (Northern States,) | ioning or the consumption of French man be 100 livres every year. that those articles are consumed.--The in. ufactures may relate either to the free or

But if we add to this, the profit which habitants of the South prefer ardent Ipir. bond population.

this very slave could have furnished it transits distilled from grain, apples, and pea Il it be the free class that is to be mus. ported to the islands, (and it is certain that ches, to those difilled from mola Tes.

tered by emigrants from France, it will be all the slaves carried to Louisiana arc lo On the supposition, therefore, that the composed of that portion of the people, many hands taken from the islands, we planters fupply themselves with lumber, which not only could support themselves Mall find that the actual loss of the nation, in a French colony, exclusively at Louifid in France, but besides, increase the nation in the interruption of labour, will amount na, they could be forced to pay for it in al riches by their induftry. For France is to upwards of 600 livres per annum; so money or objets of real value. If the

not overburthened by her population, and that ihe first loss of the nation, in the in. right of supply is not exclusive, it is null. confequently every emigration will form trodu&tion of 1000 flaves to Louisiana, will because the labourer of a fouthen climate

a vacuum somewhere, or abandoned some| be 600,000 livres. It is true, that it peace cannot work as cheap as the robust son of useful branch which will no longer be car. continues, and, if in opposition to expectthe north.

ried on. The emigrant carries away with ation, the colony fiould prosper, the rich It might be thought that molalles would him a portion of the general good, in the planters will make a great consumption of fill find a market in New England, though mais of the productive labor of the mother French goods, but that of the Naves will it were no longer the price of lumber.--1 country; he also carries away with him a ever be very small, and their labour with. would be an error. They have no other portion of the capital, for he never goes out profit, because, as I have already obreason to take it than its being offered them with empty hands; and, as I have already || served, being employed to cultivate artic. in exchange for an article for which they | observed, ten years must pass away before || les which he i llands can more easily supply

for every demand, and the sale of which habitants to their wines and manufactures, That with must be general in the cafe of is confined, by encreasing the quantity, it could only be by putting New Orleans war beiween France and England, for adthey will only lessen the prices of those into their hands, with the reserve, that it mitting that the latter maintains her naval commodities which is essential for France shall ever be a free port for French

vessels fuperiority (as I have already proved in to keep high, because she possesses the and goods, without being subjected to another place she must, unlels France most fertile islads. I know there is an o any other duties than those paid by the changes her commercial system in order to pinion entertained by many, viz.

Americans. By this means, the Ameri establish it upon more liberal principles That French goods, on their way to the can merchants, fettled at New Orleans,

the mouth of the Milliflippi will be block. Millissippi, will link a market in the welt. may be interested in their commerce ; in. ed up, and all the planters in the French ern part of the U. S. The most complete || stead of going to England, their capitals

stead of going to England, their capitals colonies will be reduced to the greatet dif. ignorance of the navigation of that river will go to France : the latter will have all tress, while those of the United Siates, could alone have given rise to such an o

the advantages of a colony without the ex will derive from the war the greateit beo

pelice of supporting it, and the money efit. pinion, which is likewise grounded on the ignorance of the wants of the inhabitants.

which American activity obtained from Then it will be that a great part of It is certain that the wines of France are

the Spaniards would go to France, for the capitals brought irom France to Loui. not fit for climates as hot as those they | England which has not the same means jana, will pa's into the U. States, where must cross before the arrive in the West.

and which pays higher duties, could not are found furms, already cleared, for oce ern States ; that they are still less suited to supply thole goods at lo low a rate.

half what it would have cost a lienci the means and taste of the inhabitants, who But should France on the other hand planter to clear his ; because an einerican are accustomed to their own liquors, such resolve to keep the island, a great propor.

familiarized from bis intancy to the ulc of as cider, beer, whiskey, and peach bran- | tion of the capitals of the commerce of the axe, has acquired a dexterity and a dy, the latter, with time becomes superior New Orleans, which are especially in the muscular strength which is never obtained ró the best. French brandy; so that instead hands of the English and Americans, will by a man use i to other business. of receiving i hofe articles through Louili naturally take the course which the United The experience of the past is wholly in ana, they might them'elves supply the States ihall fix, and that must be a rival support of thele observations. Thouga colony with them. As to the articles of place of commerce with New Orleans, settled for one century, Louisiana has nev. glass and earthern ware, they are made in whiclı being rid of the vexations conse. er prospered under the French or Spanish every part of the Western States where quent upon a military government, at a government. And one half of the comraw materials are every where found. The distance from the sovereign, will draw, in merce of New. Orleans is now carried on demands for China ware are small, but if | spite of all the disadvantages of its flua. with American capitals under the guararthey were large, French ware is too dear to tion, the whole commerce of which the tee of their treaty with Spain. As soon as hurt the sale of China. oiher is at this day the centre.

the French will plant a rival colony, that Large iron works are wrought on the The boundaries establimed between

no commerce will be carried on in apr spot and English hard ware has fo well. | Spain and the United States and very late other place, in the United States, which known a superiority over the French, that ly between the English and Spanish poffer

the policy of their government may judge the latter would certainly remain ursold, | fons, have deprived the inhabitants of proper to encourage. it both were exposed to market. The on Louisiana of their sur trade, which it must If the feitlement of Louisianais not ac. ly articles which might perhaps, be intro be contest was not, nor ever could be, vantageous to France in a commercial duced into the country, would be filks, very important, as the pelery of the south view, because it diverts capitals from a cambricks, &c. and a few other articles of are of but litile value, ihe few skins are of much more important channel, it is fill luxury. But even all these can never pass no import to commerce, as may be seen more contrary to her interests in a po. ihrough the river Miliflippi. The dan in the tables o importation of New.Or. litical point of view.-America is of the gerous navigation of the gulf, the long leans. Goods are ever to be tranported utmost importance to France whether con. and expensive distance to go against the from the Mississippi in the United States, fidered as a commercial or maritime powcurrent, the large capitals of the Ameri.

I have explained my opinion fully in can and English merchants at Philadel In these confiderations I have taken no This first relation, on another occasion, as phia, and the great improvements which account of the pains, expences, and loss

to the other, there is no question that an are made every day in the roads and inland of men which are inseparable from new

agricultural nation, which by her industry navigation, will cause land carriage to be settlements in a marshy country, and a

and her new materials, is able to procure preferred as far as the Ohio, and other burning climate ; the invasion of Indians ; all the superfluous luxuries of Europe, rivers, whence they are carried to the fettle the insurrection of flaves; the insubordi.

and whose habits and occupations prevent ment, easily and cheaply. It is a well nation of troops; the abuses committed them from manufacturing for themselves, known fact, that dry goods have been car by oflicers, remore from the sovereign's there can be no question ihat such a nation ried from Philadelphia to New Orleans, vigilant eye. All these inconveniences must afford a very important market to the by land, by that rout in prelerence to sea united, or only a few of them, are enough

inhabitants of the old world. carriage. It is therefore, visionary to be to stop an undertaking, and ruin a settle. In this yiew, the commerce of the Uni. lieve that goods from France will be carri ment. A very important observation is, ted State is considered as very profitable to ed that way ; while the enterprising Eng bowever, to be made, and that is of some England, but when French manufactures lish, who have the right of navigating that weight. Many of those who will carry fhali bave obtained all the improvement of river, and the prejudices of Ameriians in their families to Louisiana, observing that which they are capable ; when commerce favour of their manufaâures,never attempt. the land is as cheap on the American side, fhall be established upon a suitable basis, it ed to introduce their goods that way, be. will prefer settling there even in time of will prelent a much greater variety of arcause they well know that they are more peace ; some because they will prefer the ticles upon which to support itselt ihan the cally brought by Philad. and Baltimore. government of that country, others by ca commerce of England. Woolen articles.& But should France be desirous of introdu-l price, others through spite, or to rid hard ware are the only articles which Amercing, that way, more bulky article; into themselves from military government, such ica receives from England; but France hall the wetern ilates, and accuftom tbc in as that of Louisana must necessarily be. furnish not only all these, but her agricul.

that way.

er.

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