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en a severer dread, or fill the mind with || of a wife must have cost a planter fifty though all the women are Lais's. I have greater terrers than the society of smiling | per cent more than his whole tobacco received many favors from men and I have crop, for a single year.

no hesitation in saying that all those who GULIELMUS, It would seem that some of the planters have obliged me are rascals. If there were

were under the necessity of purchasing a single exception the system of my master their wives on credit ; and in order to would be destroyed. It would be ranked

prevent evasions of payment, which oth with co:nmon systems which suppose men FOR THE BALANCE.

erwise might likely have happened, espe- to be poffcfled of both virtues and vices.

cially if they found themselves cheated in The vulgar say the more men are ena THE EXCHANGE OF TOBACCO FOR WOMEN. their bargains, the general assembly enact. | lightened, the more submislive they are to

ed, that “ the price of a wife should have the laws : Laws are then good. Many

the precedence of all other debts, in recov. nations have changed their governmentIRGINIA, so named, in hon.

ery and payment, because 'says the assem no one has been willing to return to anarour of Elizabeth the virgin queen of Eng: Il che most desirable.” In fact, though bona evils. The condition of society imposes

) of

chy. Anarchy is therefore the greatest of land, was the eldest sister among the Bri- || fide debts have not always been recoveratish. American colonies : and she has never

an infinite multitude of duties. The conble by law, in Virginia ; yet, in this in tinued existence therefore of society supbeen scrupulous in claiming, from her

ftance of " the most desirable kind of mer. younger filters, the full amount of respect | chandize," the legislature, much to its hon

pored more duties fulfilled than violated.

Whenever men alsociate together the genand homage, that belongs to seniority.-The first effective settlement of this " An.

our, folemnly ordained that, in case of the eral stock of good is greater than that of

purchase of a wife on credit, the purcha. || evil. cient Dominion," as Virginia has been

ser should pay the tobacco, even to the And I declare openly that so far from called, was in the year 1609 ; thirteen years before the settlement of Plymouth

lalt ounce, that he had contracted to give having good laws, we have not even the for her.

definition of the word laws; further that in New England. The emigrants came

The memory of such a remarkable over to Virginia, not by pairs, as the

it is impossible that a man may be unjust piece of history as I have been relating, when he can be so with impunity--that all creatures went into the Ark, but without

ought, I think, to be perpetuated by some wives and families ; and were mere ad

men living in society kill each other withventurers in quest of wealth, who deter: || public monument. As wool is the staple out perceiving it. That thole people are

of Britain and the prime source of its the most polilhed who have invented the mmed, as soon as their fortunes should be

wealth, it has been a custom, time out of made, to return to England. As this de

art of roafting men at a little fire and at-' mind, for the firft Lord of the treasury to termination, carried into effect, might || fit upon a wool fack : and with equal, | anathama against those who differ from me

terwards eating them, and I pronounce an have been fatal to the colony, Sir Edwin

if not greater propriety, might the speak- l in opinion. Sandys, in order to attach the colonitts

er of the Virginia assembly be seated upon to the soil, and to prevent their return,

I hold it for certain that whilst the laws advised the Proprietors iîi England to fend l baue has not only been the staple of com

{ack of tobacco ; seing this odoriferous have said ; take care to do hurt to no one ; them over a cargo of young women, and

give every one his due--they have necett merce, in the aireient dominion, but also arily corrupted every heart, and whilst the to exchange these necessaries of life for

the basis of population. tobacco. This prudent advice was follow.

scriptures have commanded us to do all

ZENO. ed : and accordingly, in the year 1620,

the good in our power, and to love our ninety girls were sent to the Virginia plan

neighbour as ourselves they have opened ters at one time. A freight of fixty more

a door to every crime. was sent the next year. A species of com. PROFESSION OF PHILOSOPHIC

I declare, that indefinite liberty is the merce so highly advantageous was not de.


unalienable right of man, although man clined by the planters. The love of wo.

alienate himself from it every where. And man, in this instance, compleatly triumph

withont ceasing I affert that the first who ed over fordid avarice, infomuch that files Translated for the Balance, from the has said, I promise, I engage, and all tliole of gallant Virginians were to be seen, car. French of a Pupil of Rosseau.

who repeat these horrible terms are so inaTying down to the ship, with a hasty step,

ny violators of human nature. I allert their bundles of tobacco, and, after mak

moreover, that the weak fellow who dares ing the exchange, conducting home their


say I will do such an action, or I will ab. dear spouses. At firit, the value of a wife

stain from it, blasphemers against the digwas estimated at one hundred and twenty

FTER these falutary instruc- | nity of human nature : for if there is one pounds of tobacco : but as the sale of

tions I abandoned my fon to himself. 1 || single natural duty infinite liberty no lonthis precious commodity was rapid, the will not tell what he became ; it may ea.

ger exists. If there is a contracted duty price foon rose to an hundred and fifty fily be guessed. Satisfied with having a

sily be guessed. Satisfied with having a liberty is alienable with one single firoké. pounds. Indeed it reflects no small de. | philosophical posterity, my mind was more

I thus extinguish all society, all governgree of honour upon the generosity and than ever confirmed in the belief. I have ment, all laws whether natural or revealed, gallantry of the planters, that they should taken the telescope of my master, and I for if natural law has also its duties, civil voluntarily give such prices for their protest, that I have only observed in socie. law is only its interpreter. And I cry wives; especially when it is considered

ty the baselt rabble, and servants a little out, liberty, liberty, and if any one strips that King James of England, who was more despicable than their masters. I have '

me of my goods or aims a stroke at my so bitter an enemy to smoking, that with seen all the vices triumph there except | life he will likewilc cry out liberty, lib. his own royal hand he wrote a book a. those which courage demands. I wish

I wish lerty. gainst it, had prohibited the Virginians | nevertheless to be just, and I think it ne And I coincide with my master when trom raising tobacco, beyond the annual cessary to distinguish thieves on the high-he afsembles his people around him and quantity of one hundred pounds each. way from the crowd of effeminate knaves. Il says to them, tools that you are you have Under these circumstances, the purchase || I declare that I have never been successful

I declare that I have never been successful I given to your sovereigns the name of great,


of well beloved-of just, ol good, of father After the communication had been partly Mr. Bacon professed himself very much of his country and of the people, the de. read, Mr. Alflon objected to any further at a lofs as to the propriety of reading or light of the universe, and I come to de- reading. He said from what he had heard of refusing to read such a communication clare that there has never been a king who it appeared to be such a paper as ought not as that appeared to be. It seemed, he said, has consuled public utility ; that all ras to occupy the time of the legislature. It to be not merely a complaint, but a high cals have ascended the throne, or the was neither a petition nor a communication charge against one of the committees of throne has made them such. I liften to from any cllicer of the government. He that house. It accused a part of that commy master-I admire him, he pronounces thought the house might, with equal pro mittee of acting without the knowledge and facts disappear.

priety, he called upon to listen to the read. and consent of the rest. He had heard But if absolute liberty is essential to ev. ing of a newspaper or any thing else which the same charge brought forward before, ery man, it is particularly fo to the philof- any person might think proper to addrels and by one of the officers of the governopher. He believes that he may say eveto the house.

ment; he had heard of it more than a Ty thing, and write any thing. But no Mr. Stanley differed from his col

hundred miles from this place.-On the body has a right to answer him, and if league.--He knew not by what means,

whole he was rather of the opinion that the any dare he may treat them as fools, ideots, unless by inspiration, the gentleman had

reading ought to be concluded, and then varlots and wretches; the proud despo- discovered that this was not a petition that the house ought to take some order uism which prompted him to make a noise He hoped the paper would be read, be

expreslive of their opinion of such a com

munication. will become the appendage of his philofo. | cause he had no other means of discovering phy. He will use the threats of religion its contents,

Mr. Speaker remarked that no member which he wilhes to extinguish, and will

Mr. Speaker was of opinion that the

had been made acquainted with the conhold men proftrate before the terror of his rules of the house required the reading.

tents of the paper ; that he always made judgments.

Mr. T. Morris thought it the heighth

a practise of never breaking the seals of [TO BE CONTINUED.]

a communication which appeared to be of injustice to refuse to read the paper. intended for the house but in the presence He said it was a complaint from a late

of the house.
officer of the government whose conduct
and character had been impeached by a

Mr. Griswold enquired whether the de. committee of that house whose report had

cision from the chair, as to the neceflity been made public. The paper under con

of reading the paper was not imperative. sideration purported to be a reply to that

Mr. Speaker answered that it must be report and to contain a refutation of the imperative unless an appeal should be charges there alledged. In the language made from that decision. there appeared to be nothing indecent, and The deputy cierk proceeded to read.

he did not see how the house could refuse After reading about an hour, Columbian Congress. to hear it.

Mr. Davis role and faid he coofidered Mr. Randolph said that the rule of

himself entitled to a right which he must the house mentioned by the Speaker, in his

claim. He then read a rule of the house Tursday, December 28. opinion, conftituted the only argument

which declares that when the reading of a which could be urged in favour of hearing paper is called for by any member it fhall

be read unless the house decide otherdent of the United States accompanied by || heard, said he, it appears to be in the high; il migued by the reading of that A message was received from the prefi. ' such a paper read.- From what we have

. He said he was very much faftatements, drawings and estimates relative | eft degree indecent and insulting, and such tigued by the reading of that paper and as could never proceed from the pen of any

must call for such a decision of the house to the building of a dry dock in the city

man who deserves or has ever deserved to of Washington. The message and docu

as the rule contemplates. hold an office in the government. He said

Mr. Speaker said he had givan his opinments were ordered to be printed, and refer. red to the commitee appointed on so much

ion that the communication must be read, it required no inspiration to discover what

was the nature and purport of the comof the president's mellage as relates to our

and that he grounded this opinion upon amunication : and as to decency, he connavy yards and the building of docks.

nother rule of the house, which he then

read fjom the chair. Mr. Speaker laid before the house a let- gratulated himself that in this particular, as well as in most others, his ideas were

Mr. Mitchell said he was generally dir. ter which he had received from James | totally different from those of gentlemen posed to liften to the reading of public par lative to Yo-much of the report of the In- wh who could use or vindicate such laa. pers

know how far the representatives of the restigating committee as relates to his

guage. official conduct in the War department.

Mr. T. Morris remarked with fome ll people ought to fit and hear argumentative

difcuffions which appeared much more Mr. M'Henry prays that reftitution may warmth ; that he believed his ideas of de

suitable for a pamphlet.—Mr. Mitchell be made him by the house for the injury cency were as correct as those of the gen

was proceeding at considerable length, which that report is calculated to do to his

tleman last up. He again adverted to the when, reputation; fates that he has good reason serious charges brought against Mr. M'Hen

Mr. Griswold rose and called him to for believing the report to have been drawn ry by the committee of investigation, and

order. He said he was sorry to be under up by a part only of the committee, a bare the extreme injustice of denying him an

the neceslity of suggesting that the gentley majority, and was never assented to by the opportunity of vindicating himself in a

man from New York was not in order ; other members of the cornmittee ; declares manner as public as his accusation.

but he understood that the question as to the that many of the ftatements are altogether Mr. Allison said he wished to remark, reading of the paper had been decided by partial and incorrect ; and enters into a in reply to his colleague (Mr. Stanly) that the Speaker, and that there could be no detailed refutation of all the charges and he had never leen the letter under con : more debate upon it. Nothing was now inlinuations brought against him in that re sideration and knew nothing of the con left but to acquiesce or to appeal from port..

tents but from what he had heard read. that decision.

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Mr. Davis said he mnst then appeal to A short time since, James T. Callender, || support of said school. This benevolent the house from that decision.

one of the editors of " The Recorder," instituțion will doubtless meet with the Mr. Dana called for the yeas and nays (published at Richmond, Vir.) received countenance and support of all good citupon the appeal.

brutal and severel beating from George || izens ; while it reflects the highest honor The question was then put, “ Is the de

Is the de. Hay, Esq. on account of a libel which on the Episcopal Society, particularly cison of the chair in order ?” and the he had published anainst that gentleman. those members of it who have been most yeas and nays being taken it was decided | Complaint was made by Callender, and active on the occasion. in the affirmative-Yeas 62, Nays 16. Hay was bound to appear at the next court The reading was then concluded, which

to be held in Richmond, and in the mean having occupied several hours, the house time to keep the peace. The next day, adjourned without taking any order upon Callender and Henry Pace, his partner,

To Readers & Correspondents. the communication.'

were brought before four justices of Hen-
rico county to answer the complaint of
George Hay, (viz.)--that the defendants

A friend and correspondent informs us, that the had published libels against the said Hay “ Profession of Philosophic Faith,” which we are in the Recorder.-Hay proposed to bind now publishing as a recent translation from the them to their good behaviour, themselves French of Rosseau, was published in an English in the sum of 500 dolls. with two securi dress some years ago, and that it was supposed to

ties of 250 each. The rule obtained and have been written by Voltaire, who, tho' a PhiloBe it our weekly task,

Pace found security, but Callender refused, || sopher, was nevertheless, a bitter enemy of Ros.“ To note the passing tidings of the times. and was committed to jail.

We return our thanks to the gentleman who The court of Henrico county afterwards

has given us this information. >>>>>>0<<<cco

We believe, how

ever, that it is a translation from the original French hudson, January 18, 1803.

discharged Callender from confinement
and Pace from bail," the binding of

which appears in our paper, and not a transcript them over being in their opinion, an ille.

from any former translation.
gal act." —What will our honorable At.

The Allegory signed “ X.” which we acknowledge

ed some weeks since, on examination is found to be torney General fay to this?

too incorrect for publication. If the author will re" The greater the Truth, the greater the Libel.

view the fourth line, he may, perhaps, concur with Mr. Prentils, Editor of the Baltimore

us in this opinion. Last week on Monday, at a court of fellions in this county, a democratic grand suit of Gen. Smith, for a supposed libel : Anti-Democrat, has been arrested at the

A continuation of “ Satyricus,” is expected. jury found two indictments againlt H. damages laid at 8,000 dollars.

P If any irregularrity occurred last week in Cibswell, the junior editor of this paper,

the transmission of our papers to mail subscribers, for publishing libels against Thomas Jeffer

it must be asscribed to the junior editor's detention fon. Application was inade to the court It is now stated that the late distressing af couri. for a poltponement of the trial ; which, fire at Portsmouth, was accidental. notwithstanding the strenuous opposition

D A note in the North Carolina Minerva, of the Attorney General, was obtained.

induces us to state that the Balance is forwarded The Attorney General contended that the John Dodd, Esq. is appointed Poft regularly, as well to printers as subscribers. defendant could not be permitted to justify Master at Hartford, Conn. in the place of by giving the truth in evidence; and E. Williams, jun. Esq. turned out.

Orr advertising customers are desired to therefore could be no better prepared for

hand in their favors, as early as 12 o'clock on Sahis trial at a future day than he was then.

turday, otherwise they cannot be inserted. After the Attorney General had been de.

Yesterday (says the Gazette of the Unifeated in his attempt to bring the matter

ted States of the 23d ult.) Stephen R. to immediate trial, he moved that the de- || Bradley, president of the senate pro têm.

TERMS OF THE BALANCE. fendant should be required not only to find

gave' a dinner to a select number of the fecurity for his future appearance, but ferators, the heads of department, &c.

To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, also for his good behaviour. This moThomas Paine was a guest, and was waited

payable in quarterly advances. tion was opposed in an able and eloquent on to the hotel where they dined, by Dr.

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers manner by the defendant's counsel, and Logan, fenator from Pennsylvania. Mr.

at the office, Two Dollars, payable as above. over-ruled by an almost unanimous vote Paine, a few days since, dined by invita,

To those who receive them by the mail, Two of the court, which consisted of a majority

tion with the president in company with of the Attorney General's own political the British minifter.

Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance.

A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table sect. This decision, while it reflects the

of Contents, will be given with the last number highest honor on the court, serves to shew

On Sunday laft, a Charity School was of each volime. Mr. Spencer that party prejudice has not yet usurped the seat of justice.

opened in this city, at which Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and

pupils attended. This school has been in handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accomA circumstantial and impartial account Itituted by the members of the Episcopal panies, and circulates as extensively as the Balance. of this transaction shall be laid before our Society, for the benefit of the poor chil.

Complete files of the first volume, which have readers next week.

dren, and the Vellry has employed Mr. been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale Those gentlemen who have generously || Roger Kennedy as teacher. A Charity -Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and fifstepped forward as advocates and friends Sermon will be preached by the Rev. ty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may of the junior editor, on this occasions, Bethel Judd, Rector of the Episcopal || be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post-office in are desired to accept of his fincere ac Church in this city, once in three months, the state, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-ofknowledgments.

when a contribution will be made for the fice in the union for 78 cents.

The Wireath.



See how the feather'd race from tree to tree,
Sport through the air, or sweetly chaunt their

While I, a victim to perplexity,

Assert the pleasures of far happier days.

Amid those chequered hours of doubt and fear,

Hope sometimes throws a partial gleam around ; But ab ! too transient, and too faint to cheer,

It dies away, and only probes the wound.

So, oft the moon, as darkness veils the sky,

Darts through the gloom a momentary ray ;
But soon again her beams their light deny,
And fall beyond those clouds which bar their


Perplex'd and sad, I court each passing hour,
And vainly hope the aid of some assisting power.

Kingston, Ulster County.

He's gone, no mercy man will shew me,

the motives upon which he did it ; " I have In prayers no more I'll waste my breath, been," said he, “ for many years Profeffor Here on the frozen earth I'll throw me,

of this pretended science; I had rapfacked And wait, in mute despair for death,

the libraries and my own brain to discover Farewell thou cruel world, to-morrow,

the foundations of it; but the more I No more thy scorn my heart will tear,

sought to perfuade and convince my pupils, The grave will shield the child of sorrow, the less confidence I begin to have iny self And heaven will hear the Orphan's pray'r in what I was teaching them, fo that at

length I gave up my profeflion, & returned But thou proud man, the beggar scorning,

to medicine, which had been the first obUnmoy'd thou saw'st me kneel for bread,

ject of my studies. I have nevertheless Thy heart shall ache to hear at morning,

continued from that time to examine eve. That morning found the beggar dead,

ry thing that appeared upon this subject, And when the room resounds with laughter,

which, as I have told you, I could never My famish'd cry thy mirth shall scare, And often shall thou wish hereafter,

explain or teach so as to produce convic

tion : but at length I have given up the Thou hadst not scorn'd the Orphan's prayer.

point, molt thoroughly assured that, without an express divine sanction attached to the

laws of morality and without positive laws, On receiving a letter from a lady with a Kiss in its | accompanied with determinate and urgent Postscript.

motives, men will never be convinced

that they ought to submit to any such code, THE POST.

nor agree amorg themselves concerning it,

From that time, I have never read any A KISS in vain your lips impress,

work upon morality but the Bible, but I

return to that always with fresh delight.”
Which ne'er arrives at its address,
A Kiss that's bro't us by the Post,
Ere it can reach the niouth is lost.

No thanks are due for such a boon,

PHILIP the Second, walking one day
Which leaves one colder than a stone ;

alone in the cloisters of the convent of the Kisses are tasteless fruits we know, Unless they're gatber'd where they grow.

Escurial, an honest tradesman, seeing the

door open went in.--Transported with [New-York Visitor)

admiration at the fine paintings with which that house is adorned, he addrelled himself to the king, whom he took for one of the

convent, and desired him to thew the paintDiverüity.

ings, and explain the subjects of them. Philip,with all the humility and condelcen

fion of a lay brother, conducted him IMPORTANT ANECDOTE

through the apartments, and gave him all OF THE LATE SIR JOHN PRINGLE. the fatisfaction he could defire. At par.

ting, the stranger took him by the hand and From De Luc's Letters on the Religious Education | Squeezing it affe&tionately, said “ I am of Children.

much obliged to you friend, I live at St.

Martins, and my name is Michael Bombis. SPEAKING of the superior efficacy of If you should chance to come my way, and positive laws comparative with the mere call upon me, you will find a glass of good precepts of any system of moral philofo- | wine at your lervice."_." And my name, phy, Mr. De Luc tells us, “ Some time || (faid the pretended servant) is Philip the ago I was conversing upon this subject || second : and if you will call upon me at with a very celebrated man (the late Sir Madrid, I will give you a glass of as good !" John Pringle) who had been Profesior of moral Philosophy in the university of Ed. inburgh ; he was then advanced in years,

A WAG, observing a fellow steal a fish, and had lived much in the world. At at Billingsgate, and pot it under his jacket, that time, I was still rather a friend to the

which was too short to conceal the theft, teaching of rational morality, thinking it whispered the purloiner, in future, either was useful to bring men acquainted with

to wear a longer jacket, or steal a Morter their duty in every possible way. I had fish.

[Port Folio.] just read a new work of this nature, entitled “ Of an Universal Moral, or Man's Duties founded upon Nature ;" and as he had not read it, I offered to lend it him. SAMPSON, CHITTENDENE CROSWELL, I cannot express to you the tone in which

Warren-Street, Hudson. he refused this offer, but you will have some idea of it, when you come to know WITH ELEGANCE AND ACCURACY.



THE frozen streets in moorshine glitter,

The midnight hour has long been past, Ab me! the wind blows keen and bitter,

I sink beneath the piercing blast, In ev'ry vein seems life to languish,

Their weight my limbs no more can bear, But no one sooths the Orphan's anguish

And no one he ars the Orphan's pray’r.

Ilark! hark! for sure some foot-step's near me

Advancing, press the drifted snow, I die for food; oh! stranger, hear me,

I die for food ; some alms bestow : You see no guilty wretch implore you,

No wanton kneels in feign'd despair, A famished Orphan hneels before you,

Oh grant the famished orphan's pray'r


Perhaps you think my lips dis enibling,

Of virtuous sorrows feign a 'ale,
Then mark my frame with anguish trembling,

My hollow eyes and features pale,
E'en should my story prove ideal,

Too well these wasted limbs declare, My wants at least are not unreal,

Then stranger grant the Orphan's pray'r




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Driginal Erays.

acting capital punishments against duelling, | must read fuch publications with astonish . however equitable they might be in an ab ment, and it is devoutly hoped, in behalf

ftracted view, would prove inoperative of humanity and for :he honour of the naHither the products of your closet-labors bring,

and futile ; because the contravening o. Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind.

tion, that they may not be reiterated. pinion, especially of the higher classes, The common plea for duelling it is not

would so far paralize such laws, as to pre impoflible to remove, either by bringing FOR THE BALANCE. vent their being impartially and generally | personal affronts, between gentlemen, unexecuted ; and it, in some instances, the

der the cognizance of the courts of jusON THE INCREASING PREVALENCE OF penalty of death should be inflicted, com

tice, or by establishing special tribunals of DUELLING, passion for the criminal, rather than horror

honour, which shall award the contendagainst the crime, would be excited in the

ing parties. But any effe&tual attempts of No. III. public mind. Other means, more practi this kind are, however, rather to be hopcable, and consequently, more certainly

ed, than expected, unless at some distant HEN Solon was asked whetb.

efficacious, should be used for the sup-peril. By properly educating the rifing er he had given the Athenians the best pof- || pre Son of duelling.

generation, the public opinion and taste Gible code of laws, he replied, that the laws

If the parties concerned in duels were

may gradually become lo far corre&ted and he had given them were as good as they made to incur a legal incapacity of hold.

purified, that the next age will reject the could bear. In free ftates, any law how.

absurdity of affixing the name of honour ing any office of honor or profit in the naever just, that should oppose the current tion ; and allo the penalty of disfranchise.

to a moft flagrant violation of the laws of of public opinion, would become null

ment, for a given time, or for life, accord. humanity and of heaven. Let all maxims and void ; or would fail of being prompting to the various aggravations of their

and leflons of a vicious nature, and elpely and generally executed. Therefore in

crimes ; such wholsome measures, vigo- | cially those which tend to encourage duel. enaĉting laws, the quefion of praticabili- || roully and impartially pursued and carri.

ling, be expunged from our school-books. ty,as well as of equity, is to be considered.

Let children be carefully taught the pure ed into complete effe£t, might, in a great These sentiments, the truth whereof is | degree, prevent these bloody affrays.

degree, prevent these bloody affrays.-- and benevolent precepts of the christian refully evinced by experience, are particu- | The fear of disgrace would, in many | ligion ; together with its solemn do&trines, larly applicable to the crime of duelling. || minds, operate more powerfully than the refpe&ing the accountability and endless That this crime prompted by revenge and

fear of death. Nor would it fail to have existence of every human creature. This committed with malice aforethought, al a considerable tendency to check the ar

would be " laying the axe at the root of

the tree." ways partakes of the nature of mental mur. dent spirit for duelling, should the editors der ; and that it sometimes amounts to of news-papers generally refuse to publish

The principal source of duelling is the the overt a&t of the most aggravated mur the details of such barbarous combats.- prevalence of a contempt for the christian der, none can reasonably deny. It is also There is not another country in christen- || system of faith and morality. It is the a very general belief among civilized and | dom-probably not in the world where

modern atheistical philosophy, challenging especially among chriftian people, that ev. the seconds in a duel, have the presump- | independence and disclaiming all ideas of ery murderer, in the overt act, forfeits his | tion, immediately after the contest, to

accountability, that emboldens men to lise and ought to be cut off by the sword publifh with the signature of their names, a

precipitate themselves before the awful of the civil power. But, under present detailed relation of its commencement,

tribunal of their Maker, while bloated eircumstances, it would be impracticable, progress and catastrophe, together with

with the vengeful passions and stained with in this country, to punish murders, com

the blood of murder. encomiums cn the gallant beliaviour of mitted in duels, with death. Laws, en their respective principals. Europeans


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