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publication. The best judges of the sub " We examined these trees from the without raising a swell of rumour that jeat in this country have pronounced it a ground to the topmost branches ; we would presently fill every parlour and work of unequalled merit and importance.

counted the joints in the wood, ascertained kitchen with his name. He was instantly

the rime and extent of its growth, and, in waited on by Gen. Nelson, Secretary Nel. Character of the work, extracted from the fort, verified every fact that the book re son, and all the great people in the village.

introduction, addrefed to Mr. JANEs lared. To raise fine flourishing wood from A splendid dinner was prepared the foul PAU L, Senior, of Butleton, Pennsylva. an old cankered, gummy, decayed fem ; of the Old Virginia hospitality brightened nia, by an English Gentleman, who fora to raise as much wood on that ftem, in on evry face, and the fine nut flavoured merly refided in the state of New-York.

three years, as could have been railed on Madeira seemed to carry a livelier bead at “ DURING the many happy days the finest young tree, in twelve years ; to fight of this famous son of Liberty. Soon wihch I passed at your hospitable mansion, take the rotten wood from the trunk, to re as the dishes were removed, the name of my observation was occasionally directed to place it with sound wood, actually to fill up Walington was heard, and his health went the state of your orchards, and your method the hollows, ar d of a mere shell, to make a round in every flowing glass. "Ah! gen. of cultivation; and I have not unfrequent. tull, round, and solid truuk; all this seems eral,” said Nelson, turning to Lee, " we ly preceived, that you, as well as other incredible ; but of all this we saw indubi.

incredible ; but of all this we saw indubi-| certainly have the greatest man in the world persons, in the states of Pennsylvania, New. table proof. The superiority of Mr. For. at the head of our affairs : but, but I am Jersey, and New York, experienced no fyth's mode of pruning might have been afraid he has not seen quite service e. small disappointment, vexation, and loss, fairly inferred from the abundance and ex. nough.” Very true," added the good from the failure in the crops, and from the cellence of the fruit with which every tree secretary, keeping up the strain,“ Wash. premature death of your fruit trees. The in his gardens was loaded, while those in ington, to be sure is the inan without an eImallness and inferior quality of the fruit other gardens had but a partial crop, and qual, but experience, General, experience of the Peach Tree, in particular, and the chat much inferior in quality ; but he has is a great thing; and I would freely give a swift decay of the tree itself, have for ma. left the merit of no part of his system to be thousand guineas thar Washington had but ny years past, been a subjeet of general re gathered from inference, and, therefore, a little more of it." Many other such sage gret in the middle states of America ; and, not content with this contrast between his like speeches were made, too tedious for it appears to me, that whoever shall first

own and other gardens, nor even between detail, but which were all concluded with communicate to you a method of removing different trees in his own garden, he has a fignificant look at Lee, as if to saythis evil, will render you no unacceptable most successfully exhibited it between dif. " shall be glad of your opinion, sir." Lee, service. Under this persuasion, I address terent branches ofihe same tree. By turn

the mean while fat patting the head of Spato you a few in'roductory remarks on a ning to the chapter on Pears, and by re do, till the speakers all became filent, and work, which, I think, is extremely well ferring to plate 7, you will see the portrait silence became speaker from every expres. calculated to afford you a great deal of new of a Pear-Tree, one branch of which we five eye fixed on Lee, who turning off his and uselul information, on the culture and found pruned in the common way, and the heeltap, and clapping his glass on the table, management of those trees, which are at other branches according to the method exclaimed, “ Gentlemen, I must beg leave onceihe comfort and the ornament of your caught by this book.

taught by this book. The fruit on the for to differ from you, decidedly to differ from country.

mer we found small, hard knotted, and tal you - What you say about experience, fee. “ The work is the production of M ing almost as bad as the fruit, which, in A. ing service, and all that, may be very corForsyth, the King's gardener at Kensing-merica, is called the Cloak-Pear; on the rečt when applied to officers in general ; ton and St. James'. He some years ago, other branches, the fruit was large and but to Washington it does not apply at all. made public his method of curing disealed clear, and of an excellent flavour.

He belongs to quite another order of beand decayed fruit and forest-trees, for which disclosure, alter a very minute examination,

“ To enter into an analysis of the sever. ings entirely : and is one of those extraoral parts of the work is by no means my

dinary characters who comprehend every

in. made by men of great skill, his Majesty, at

tention : But I cannot here jetrain from thing by intuition. In short gentlemen, I the recommendation of both Houses of recommending to your particular notice,

look on General Washington as a second Parliament, granted him a reward of about the directions for planting, restoring, and

Jesus Chrif.” The company were all eighteen thousand dollars. A full account

itruck cadaverous with horior (as well they of this examination, together with its re

perpetuating your Apple Orchards; for

preserving your Peach Trees from those sult, you will find in the appendix to the

might) at so impious a speech. “ Pardon, mischievous insects, which now render

genilemen, pardon me; I really did not present work. them lo very hort-lived ; and for the pro

intend to hurt your feelings. All I meant " During the last summer (1801,) I pagating and training of your vines ; on

was that God has sent Geo. Washington to went with a party of friends, to be an eye witness of the effects (of which I had heard which three important heads, you appear

be the political saviour of this country ; to me to stand in need of the very intor

and in my opinion, there is no man among fuch wonders related) of this gentleman's || mation that is herein communicated."

us fit for that high office but himselt. I mode of cultivating and curing trees; and,

have never yet known Gen. Washington though my mind had received a strong

There is, for example, that cursed prepossession in its favour, what I saw very

affair of Fort Washington. When the far surpassed my expectation. Mr. For.

British were advancing, every body was : fyth, whose book was not then published,

miscellany.

for defending it. The Council of War, to did us the favor to thew us the manuscript

a man, was for it: and to be candid Gentle. of it, and also the drawings for the plates,

men, I was of the same opinion. But

From the PHILADELPHIA GAZETTE. which are now to be found at ibe end of the

Washington was point blank against us all. work. After having read those parts of

-He told us with his ulual calmness bat the manuscript, which more immediately

ANECDOTE OF GEN. CHARLES LEE.

it could never sustain the weight of the Bri. referred to the drawings, we went into the

tish army:-Our numbers, however, over. gardens, and there saw every tree which DURING the late war in America,

ruling his modesty, the matter was put to the drawings were intended to represent, this eccentric character happened to tallin issue : and what was the consequence ? and of which we found them to be a most at York, Virginia. An officer of this rank why we lost the fort and 3000 men.

And exact representation.

could scarcely enter such a place as York, ll I am thoroughly persuaded that it from the

to err.

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fart, he had been suffered by Congress and vice of his country, when Gideon Gran. A Louisville (Ken.) account of May 5, the councils of war to follow the dictates ger, the servile inftrument of an unworthy announces that the following vessels bave of his own judgment, he would have saved passion, was an

lately passed the falls at that place.-April to his country nine-tenths of all those brave

" Infant,

28, Schooner Indiana, of Marietta. May tellows who are now untortunately in their

" Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms."

1, Schooner Go-By, of Frankfort. May graves for his aim from the beginning

2, Schooner Dorcas & Sally, of Wheel. was to save lives and not to murder--and

STEADY HABITS."

ing. May 3, Ship Pittsburgh, 268 ton, to conquer the enemy by disarming, not

and Schooner Amily, 103 tons, both of by destroying them.”

By an official return of votes for Gov. Pittsburgh. May 5, Brig Minerva, of crnor of Massachusetts, it appears that

Marietta, 150 tons. [It has been reported that General Washington Gov. Strong's majority is 14.989.--In was obstinately opposed to the evacuation of fort

FROM NEW ORLEANS. 1801, it was 5,277. In 1802 it had inWashington ; and that liis pertinacious endeavours Cicaled to 10,383 ;-and this year it has We have received verbal intormation to defend it, contrary to the maxims of prudence, made another advance of upwards of 4000 from New Orleans, as lare as the 29th of originated in a principle of vanily, and was owing On the election of Speaker in the house of April. On the 234 there arrived at that to the trivial circumstance that the fortress bore his representatives the federal majority was 54. place a courier from Old Spain. It was

If the foregoing anecdote be correct, it ut. ---Thus progresses the good cause in Mai. Sanguinely expected there, by the Ameriterly invalidates these censures and reproaches. sachusetis.

cans, that this vessel was the bearer of Edit. Bal]

fome satisfactory explanation on the subMr. Monroe, (with cap in hand, and i ject of the right of depofit--Unfortunately two millions in his pocket) arrived at H: however, when the contents of her advices vre on the oth of April.

were known, it appeared, that the in:cm.

ant had indeed received answers to his fit It is said, that the whole city of Paris, dispatches, forwarded soon after the occlu. and even the consular palace itself, are fion of the port ; BUT THAT THESE

placarded with the following words : ANSWERS WERE UNACCOMPA. Be it our weekly task,

Point de Paix-Point de Consul."

NIED BY ANY ORDERS OR EX. To note the passing tidings of the times.

" No Peace-No Consul."

PLANATION ON THE SUBJECT! 40°«ccess

This filence on a matter which involved The United States frigate Constitution,

the good taith, and consequent tranquiliy hudson, June 7, 1803.

now lying in Boston harbor, is ordered of the Court of Spain, could not be con.

to be filled for sea immediately. She will strued into any thing less than a tacit apWe mentioned, some weeks since, the be commanded by Capt. Prebble.

probation of the conduct of the Intendan:

and so it was generally understood at Nex. probability that every county in this ftale except two, would send Democra's to the

The corner stone of a new city. hall has Orleans. Our informant is further of oAllembly. We have fince learrt, that the been laid in New York. The building pinion, trom an intimate acquaintance wih opinion was erroneous ; as iwo or three will be 216 feet in length, and 100 in

ihe character and principles of Mr. M).

rales, che intendant, that he would not hazother counties, have, unexpectedly, ele&t. depth ; to be built of cut-lione ; the baseed federalifts. Notwithstanding this, there

iment rusticated ; the first story to be of ard his reputation by committing an act of will be a “ sweeping majority" of demo

the lonic order, with columns and pilaf- this magnitude without he were well 24 crats in the house; and, if one tenth part tres ; and the upper flory of the Corinthi.

fured of the support of his government.-an order. The ends and rear to be orna Indeed circumstances were daily disclu. of their promises are true, the people will be wholly released from taxes next year. menied in an elegant manner.

ing at New.Orleans, which more an We have not yet been informed whether

more eviriced, that this unprovoked attack any of the “ friends of the people," who

FIRE S.

on our rights was the result of cabinet is have lately obtained offices, have offered

trigue between Spain and France.

On the morning of the 30 h uit. a fire their services cheaper than the “proud, broke out in Schenectady, in a hatter's

The above information we receivedlo extravagant, aristocratical federalists," who thop, belonging to Mr. S. Hach, which

a gentleman of unquestionable veracity. formerly held them. This intelligence, destroyed that building, together with 14

[Philad. Gazetih however, is expected anon, and when it

others. The loss is considerable. arrives, we shall proniptly lay it before our

Another Prorf of 11r Fefferson's Sincerity. readers.

On the 22d ull. a large store house, be. To evince his aversion to a “

longing to the New York Bread Compa intolerance, as defpotic as wicked," DOWN WITH THE OLD TORIES." ny, was deffroyed by fire, together with a

Jefferson bas removed from his situation il Gideon Granger continues to drive his large quantity of flour, bread, &c.-Two large quantity of flour, bread, &c.-Two Naval Officer of the Custom House in tu

.. trade of turning-post-masters out of ol. men were killed, and several badly woun city, Mr. Richard Rogers, and has a? fice. Among it the late removals by this ded.

pointed in his place Mr. Samuel Osgoire petty tyrant” we observe that of Capt.

Of Mr. Rogers, fres as well as friends Burnett, Newark N. ). On this tranf

INTERNAL COMMERCE.

muit unite to declare, that an officer of action, the Evening Put remarks as fol

more competent ability, more unimpex lows :

The Frankfort (Kentucky) paper of the able integrity, or more unwearied indust": Capt. John Burnett, who has now 27th April, announces the failing of the was not to be found in the United States been displaced, was one of our brave rev. Go-By, the first vessel for sea, ever built but he was a Federalift. Of Mr. Olgarh olutionary officers ; he was found in the on the Kentucky river. The spectacle his successor, foes as well as friends suk field, ready to devore his life and facrifice must have been extremely pleasing to Ken unite in the acknowledgmeni,-but why all its contorts and conveniences to the ser. tuckians.

say any thing that may uselessly irritate?

politica!

183

The Balance.

VOL. n.

The democrats have not long since har

' || Thus, under pretence of revenging himleli of the master, who was unable to rise ; and the imprudence and contempt of truth to on the federal party, because as he said, shortly after, a body of Moors came upon declare, that not withstanding the removals, though not with truth,“ those who were them, and stripped hem of all their cloaths. the federalists hold still a greater number of not of their particular leat of politics were The deponent made known to them, by offices than they do themselves ! in answer excluded from all office," he has twice pro- figns, that they wanted water ; and some to which we have somtimes replied, that vided an office at their expence for the ve of them conducted him to a well about two in point of value there was no comparison, ry man who was really ałtive in introdu miles off, which he had before passed, and that every office of any value in this cing this excluding system- This is anoth without observing it. He drank, and they city at least if net in the United States, ex. er specimen of the consistency of a good gave him a skın of water to carry to the cepting one, had been transterred to the leading democrat. [Evening Pojt.] master who drank a little. Jeffersonian fe&t, and that one is now gone.

By this time the Moors had been on By way of producing "a proportionate

SALEM, MAY 24:

board the vessel, and had brought on shore hare,"' " a due participation in office"

INTERESTING NARRATIVE.

what of the rigging they could cut away, therefore, as Mr. Jefferson so plausibly pre Capt. Shillaber, from Mogadore, has fa or find loose. The deponent went to them tended to the New-Haven merchants, he

voured us with a deposition taken at the to see if he could find any thing to eat ; has shifted every office of any value into | office of the American Consul in that place, the hands of his own sect. But then you ll of which the following is an abstract :office of the American Consul in that place, | but found what bread there was quite spoil.

ed by the salt water, and that a cask of beef are not to think he is a man of " political | intolerance," my friend; no, no, he hates

" John Brodie, (the deponent) of Green and another of pork had been washed over, ,

and all the meat loft. Heate a little of the that from his fout. In his own words, l board schooner Betsey, of Norfolk, Sam. Briar County in Virginia, a leaman on

bread and then went to the master, but " political intolerance,” is both" despotic || vel Shore, matter, failed in said schooner tound him dead. He made a hole in the and wicked;" and surely Mr. Jefferson is

sand and buried him. from Norfolk the 18th of April, 1802, on

He then returned to no despot, he loves the people so dearly !

the Moors, and found them roasting indian What would he not give to cram the mouth

a voyage to Madeira, loaded with indian
corn and pipe flaves, and had favourable

corn, and eating it, and he ate some also. of labour ? And as to his being a wicked

The Moors made tents of the fails, and staid man, he is too much of a modern philofo- l the master suspecting that they were to the weather for the first three weeks, and then

there about eight days; during which time pher to be wicked ; to be sure, he is fome. times, as the ladies say, a little naughty, but

caltward of Madeira, put about, and beat to they got every thing from on board which 12! so are all philosophers that have been to

the westward for about a fortnight, when they could and then burnt the vessel. AfFrance. We could mention one or two. finding they were not to the eastward of

ter this they travelled to the southward, ta. bat de mortuis nil nisi bonum--so there's

Madeira they put about again, and for the king the deponent with them to a place en end of that. first two or three days had tavourable winds

where they remained about a month. from N. and N. W, and then it came round

Here he found the oars of the boat, which The name of this Mr. Ofgood, reminded to E. and N. E. On the 17th day of June,

he understood had come on shore there, us that we had seen fomething relpecting

and the men had been carried away to the as the water was nearly out, the master call. him in a pamphlet which appeared in th: ed all hands aft to advise with them, as

no thward. A Moor then came with some luminer of 1801, entitled, "An Examina. they could not fetch Madeira, whether it

camels, and took the deponent away with tion of the President's Reply to the New would not be best to bear away for Tene.

bim, travelling nothward three days; and Haven Remonftrance." There we founo riffe. This was agreed to, and on the 20th

after stopping there five days, another Moor an allusion made to a former tranfictio!!, i shes found ihemselves in latitude of Ten.

took him, and travelled northward tour luch a style of mystery, as has induced us erife, but no appearance of land ; the last days more; he was then delivered to anoth. to enquire into it. Our information a. of the water was that day served o!it, and

other who kept him four months, and then mounts to this :--that Mr. Olgood when shey had no fresh provisions on board; the brought him to wishin fight of Santa Cruz, he formerly belonged to the party, since wind from N. to E, N. E. and they kepi

where he staid about three weeks ; and af. called federal, was the first man in the Uni ltanding on for land. The day following

ter keeping hien travelling about and stopted States who is known to have discover. they killed the dog, and served it out.

ping occalionally, he was sent to Moga. ed any symptoms of that deteftible" polit. Oii te morning of the 28th they got

dore, where he arrived the ad of March

lalt”. ical intolerance” which requires the re foundings, and faw land about midday. moval of every man from ollice who will The master then sent Thomas Beck and

About the 8:h of April, the American not truckle to the party in power.The David Evan ashore in the Boat to seek for

Agent at Mogadore received intellegence name of the late Abraham Yates, formerly water, and the sch's stood in till about 2, P.

from Sallee, that Beck and Evan, who went commissioner of loans, will at once lug. M. and then came to anchor, and remain.

ashore in the boat, were there, on their way geft to Mr. Olgood what is meant,” and ed there till the evening of the 191h, when from Morocco to the Consul General of the let him, if he dare, appeal for his innocence as there was no appearance of the boat,

U.S. at Tangiers, to be sent from there to to either Governor Clinton or Chancellor they cut the cable, and ran the vessel alhore

Gibraltar. Langng, or to Abrahan G. Lansing or Pe on a sandy beach. The surt here was vi. ter Yates, as to what they know or have olent, and Charles Rivers, the mate, atheard of this tranfa&tion. Now then, with tempting to swim afhore, was drowned in what consistency is this man fo repeatedly it. Shortly after, the master and two reselected to lucceed federal officers removed | maining seamen, who aslifted him, went on account of their political sentiments ? | overboard, and reached the shore in salety. First, Col. Fish, a revolutionary officer, li They laid on the beach that night, and in was turned out in order to present Mr-Ol. the morning the maller was so weak as not good with the office of supervisor ; that of. to be able to walk, but the deponent and hice expired the next year, and now Mr. I homas Lewis went different ways to look Rogers, another officer appointed by Pre-l for water ; the former returned about noon, At Farmington, (Connecticut) on Saturday the sident Washington, is turned adrits to make without any ; 'Lewis never appeared again. | 21st ult. Miss JULIA Cowles, eldest daughter of way for this same meritorious Mr. Olgood. The deponent then laid down by the side Mr. Zenas Cowes, aged 17 years.

[graphic]
[merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed]

But though no cure his grief receives,

Nor time subdues his calm despair, Yet still his hand assuasive leaves

A mild and quiet aspect there ; Silent he rcves the live-long day,

A wanderer, aged, and unknown, Or pours unseen this pensive lay

“ Poor Joe's alone! Poor Joe's alone !"

POOR 70E.

IN proportion to the ignorance and emptiness of Cneetham and Duane, is the turbulence they excite. The worit wheel in a carriage, it has been said, always makes the most noise.

[Port Folio.]

(A wretched looking old man is well remembered

by many in the neighborhood of Bath and Lew. es, to have long wandered about without indicat. ing a wish of becoming a resident any where.When pressed to disclose the cause of his unea. siness, he invariably declined assigning the slightest reason for it. Indeed, in all his migrations, he was never heard to ut:er any thing but “ Poor Joe's alone ! Poor Joe's alone !" His manner was unimpassioned, his expression without vari. ety of tone, yet his voice was raiher tremulous. This circumstance gave rise to the following o. riginal sianzas. The vulgar, who are always superstitious, knew him only by the appellation of He “ Wandering Jew.”—London Paper.

THE MIS.INTHROPIST. O MARK the aged wand'rer's step,

And gries worn form! His tearless eje, By sorrow drain'd, forgets to weep ;

He scarcely breathes the ling'ring sigh : So still, yet so profound, his grief,

We rather feel than liear him groan : Rather be shuns than asks relief

" Poor Joe's alone! Poor Joe's alone !"

Nor him the churlısh winter spares ;

His shrinking frame, and hoary locks ! The rude winds lash his silv'ry hairs ;

The pelting storm his mis'ry mocks ; Yet while his hollow looks betray

The throb supprest, the secret moanNo words but these his griefs convey,

“ Poor Joe's alone! Poor Joe's alone !"

Diverüity.

A WIT, describing the universal Em. pire of Love, drolly delcribes its onsets a

mong the finny race. ANECDOTE RELATIVE TO TOM JONES.

-Love assails

And warms, 'mid seas of ice, the melting whales, WHEN Fielding had finished his Nov.

Cools crimped Cod, fierce pangs to perch imparts, el, being much distrelsed, he fold it to an obscure Bookseller tor 251, on condition

Shrinks shrivell'd shrimps, and opens oysters' hearts of being paid on a certain given day. In

[Ibid.) the mean time he (newed the MS. to Thornfon, the Poet, who was immediately

KOTZEBUE, in his Benyowski, avers struck with its great merit, advised Field

that filh are mute for no other reason that ing by all means to get from the bargain, they drink nothing but water. which he did without much difficulty, as the Bookseller was most capable of efti.

[Ibid.] mating the value of his purchase. Thomson recommended the work to Andrew Miller, and the parties met at a tavern over

A Paris paper says, “ The Americans a beef steak and a bottle. Miller began

and English educate their children in the

Miller began tear o God, and the love of money." with saying, “ Mr. Fielding, I always de. " termine on affairs at once, and never

change my offer. I will not give one TERMS OF THE BALANCE.

farthing more than 200 pounds." Two hundred pounds ? (cries Fielding)"yes, To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, says the other, and not one farthing payable in quarterly advances. more.” Fielding, whose surprise arose To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers from joy, and pot disappointmeni, fhook at the office, Two Dollars, payable as above. him by the hand, sealed the bargain, and ordered in two bottles of wine. Miller

To those who receive them by the mail, Two got a very large sum by the sale of the

Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance. book. He at different times during his

A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table life, assisted Fielding with 2,500l. which of Contents, will be given with the last number debt he cancelled in his will.

of each volume. [Poulson's Amer. Daily Adur.]

Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom

panies the Balance. THE prophetic spirit in which the fol.

Complete files of the first volume, which hasc lowing lines, closing a poem, addresled to

been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale the notorious blafphemer and flanderer,

-Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and ff. Tom Paine, by Governor Burke, then a member of Congress from North Caroli- i cents- unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may

be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post-office in na, were written and published upwards

the state, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-ofof twenty years ago, will occasion them

fice in the union for 78 cents. to be read with increased interest at the present day. “ Such as has been thy life, such be thy fate,

PUBLISHED BY “ To war 'gainst virtue with a deadly hate,

SIMPSON, CAITTENDEN CROSWELL " By daily slanders earn thy daily food, « Exalt the wicked, and depress the good,

Warren-Street, Hudson. “ And, having spent a lengthy life is evil,

GENERAL IS EXECUTED Return again unto thy parent Devil."

WITH ELEGANCE AND ACCURAGY.

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WHERE PRINTING IN

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COLUMBIAN

REPOSITORY,

BEATTIE

Ily Bowing still greater. Of this our

AND
HAIL SACRED POLITY, BY FREEDOM REAR'D !
HAIL SACRED FREEDOM, WHEN BY LAW RESTRAIN'D !"

HUDSON, (New-YORK) TUESDAY, JUNE 14, 180g.
Driginal Edays.
cause, in the event of an invasion, it would

present subject is an instance. The num. require five hundred thousand free people ber of African flaves in this country is so Hither the products of your closet-labors bring, to awe the flaves and prevent their insur

vait and formidable, that the rights, of Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind. rection.

which they had been robbed, are now with. The number of flaves compared to that held from seeming neceflity; and the plain FOR THE BALANCE.

of freemen, in the five southern States, is dictates and strong feelings of humanity

nearly in the proportion of six to eleven ; are forced to yield to the all-powerful plea OY THE MORAL AND POLITICAL EF. those states are therefore in a condition of of fell-prelervation and public safety.-FECTS OF NEGRO-SLAVERY. great weakness. The whole number of

Were there only a few thousand of those whites and blacks, in that district of coun wretched people among us, it would be[CONCLUDED.]

try, is about one million seven hundred hove the nation, on every principle of HE existence of slavery, in a

and ninety thousand : fubftra&ing from | justice and humanity, to ranfom them imIree republic, in serts a general rule of pu.

::is, the six hundred and thirty thousand media:ely from bondage and to provide litica! arithmetic. The strength of a cuin flaves, together with an equal number of means for their inftruction and fuSiiftence; monwealth usually bears a direct propor free people to guard and repress them, it but, under present circumstances, this tion to the number of its inhabitants ; would appear that the strength of the South. would be impraticable. If the whole but, as far as its number is augmented by ern States, as it respects numbers, is only frightful host of negroes, at the south. llaves, the operation or effeet of such in. about five hundred and thirty thousand.

ward, should at once be let loole upon socrease is in an inverse ratio, by weaken. Indeed those states, in the present reftlers || ciety, by the removal of the yoke from

their necks, the country everywhere ing the force of the whole aggregate body. and turbulent condition of the negroes, Slaves in a community are like prisoners | who, from a variety of concurring circum would quickly suffer disturbance and conof war in a fhip, who, in proportion to

stances, have become strongly imbued vulsions ; and the southern states, in partheir nurnbers, weaken and endanger the with the principles of liberty and equality, || ticular, would become another St. Docrew and render them an easy prey to an

are, in point of strength, almost annihila- | mingo. Ignorant, incapable of self-direcinvading foe. Any given number of ted. In the event of an invasion of the tion, extremely debased in their dispofidaves, ibirsting for freedom and inflamed

middle states, little or no aslistance could tions and habits, knowing no law but the with animosity, would require, at least, an

be drawn from the district South of the will of their masters, -no government but equal nuinber of freemen to curb their reft

Potomack ; while an invasion of the that of the scourge, which had been con. luis passions and to keep them in subjec- South even by a small army, acting in con ftantly hanging over them--foarting in lion: therefore, on the supposition that

cert with a general explosion of negro the sense of past wrongs, and anir.jated the flaves in the bosom of this country are fury, might be productive of the most fa with a thirit of vengeance ; a general li. an eigbih part of the nation, it has lost by

tal consequences, unless powerful relief centiousness and the most horrible dilortheir means a full eighth of its strength;

were given from the Northern parts of the ders, rapines and murders, would be the union.

inevitable consequences of their general eor it is in such a degree weaker than it might be, it it were disburdened of this As with individuals, so with nations, mancipation. Liberty to them, until prewretched class of people. Supposing, for the first step in the path of iniquity often pared by previous education and discip

line, would be a cup of intoxication, and instance, that the whole number of the peo | seemingly occasions a necessity of a se. ple of the United States were four mil. || cond, and that of a third ; and so the se

and that of a third ; and so the fe- might prove even to themselves a curse lions, and that five hundred thousand of ries

to an indefinite extent ; the

rather than a blessing; while the whole

nation would be constantly exposed to them were flaves ; the nation, in this cafe

, difficulty of retreating or Nopping con. would be only three millions strong; be.

their ravages and depredations.- Is then

THE

continues

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