vestigation, which perhaps no one could

New-York, 16th May, 1803. || ed it ftill; he was then taken before the lo well do, as a person skilled in dying | MR. COLEMAN,

police, and there he confessed his guilt. and dye fluffs. Dye stuffs are so neces

He added, that had Mr. Bauman proceed. fary in manufactories, and manufactories Sir, I am requested by our Minister ined far enough he would have found the are so neceflary in promoting agriculture, France to communicate publicly, that he money upon him at his first examination, which supplies most of the materials used had on the 11th March re.eived the most as he had it then concealed in the knee of by the manufacturer, that I may ftill ad

flattering letter, in answer to one addref. bis paritaloons, but that in his perturbation here with propriety to my signature of

sed by him to the First Consul, on the he had seized the first moment atter be AGRICULTUS.

subject of our debts, &c. in which the must reached home to throw it into the fire in full and complete allurances are given, il prevent detection. This was found to be that every letter of the convention shall be

true, by questioning a little girl, who saw punctually complied with. That their fi. him burn paper dire&tly after he came in. nances are in the best situation, and capable | The name of this unhappy young man is of meeting all engagements ; and that e. William H. Burbidge, son of a foreigner ven were it otherwise, though it should who resided some time since in Hartford,

submit them to partial inconveniences, he Connecticut. [Evening Poll.] Be it our weekly task,

would friály comply with the demands To note the passing tidings of the times.

of justice ; and calls upon the Minister to
make out
the accounts of American

claims, for wbich he promises a full and

The ship South Carolina, captain Steele, Ibudson, May 24, 1803. ready payment. The minister adds, that in 39 days from Havre-de. Grace, arrived

he gives this early intelligence, because it at this port yesterday. We have received

will probably come through other chan- by her a file of Paris papers to the third of Statement of Votes given by the Freemen nels, as he intended to call the Americans | April, but they furnish no news. An in

of Connelticut for Governor and Lieu at Paris together, the next day, and com. telligent gentleman who came passenger in tenant-Governor. municate it to them, in which cale he tear

the South Carolina, and who during his FOR GOVERNOR.

ed that interested persons might speculate i residence in France, has employed Simfell Jonathan Trumbull, Esq. 14,375

on the wants of those who have already in noting, with much precision, the “ palEphraim Kirby, Esq.

suffered too much by the delay. He con- | sing tidings of the times,” has obligingly Scattering,

favoured us with the following particu. 838

cludes by saying, that without being ab.
solu'ely certain,
he thought he might con-

lars : fide iš these promises so solemnly made, Mr. Monroe bad not arrived at Havre John Treadwell, Esq. 13,148 William Hart, Esq.

and that he would preis eagerly for their on the 6th of April.

execution. Scattering,

General Bernadotic had received in. 838 EDWARD P. LIVINGSTON.

structions to be in readiness to take his de. The Asistants, Treasurer and Secreta

parture for the United States in the month ry, are all federalists.


of May, as minister plenipotentiary. His In the Connecticut Courant, the sub

retinue will be very numerous; and the joined remarks follow the statement of

Mr. John D. Martin had put into the splendour of the embassy will, it is though, votes : Saturday's mail a letter addressed to his

be without any previous example in this " On the result of the Election we con

correspondent Henry P. Franklin, at Prov. Il country. gratulate the friends of the genuine princi- l idence, R. I. and had had the precaution After the first day of Germinal (March ples of the adminiilrations of Washington

10 take a witness with him to see it done ; || 21) the current coin of the French Repub. and Adams. .Connecticut, always unshakthe letter bad been rated as double and

lie will bear the " iinage and superscrip en in her elevated course, has again given thrown into the proper pigeon hole; but

tion" of the First Conlul. a signal proof that neither the artifices of

on making up the mail afterwards for Malta remained in possession of the Brithe leaders in revolution, nor the execrat Providence this letter was missing. An tish ; and it was said by some, cliat the ed vengeance of those who “ feel power alarm enfued and much ineffe&tual search French had relinquished it for seven years. and forget right,” can turn her io the

was made for it. 'Mr. Bauman the Post The Island of Sardinia, according to reright hand nor to the left from the path | Master, on being made acquainted with port, had been purchased by the English wherein she has feadily progressed in hon

the circunstances commenced an exain. government for thirty millions of livres; or and prosperity.

ination of the pockets of all the afiiftants in but the French bad expressed their deter“ The two first Magistrates, every mem the office, but met with nothing to con mination to prevent the taking poleflion ber of the first branch of the Legislature, J firm his suspicions against any one in par thereof. more than three quarters of the House of ticular. But Mr. Bauman going foon · Couriers between England and France Representatives, and a majority of the afterwards into the neceffary, be there dis-were frequent. Mr. Wright (a messenger) freemen in four fiths of the towns are decovered a letter - lying open in the bottom paffed through Havre on the 28th March, cided Pederalifts. On such a phalanx, we of the vault, which was procured and turn. on his way to Paris, On being questioned, rely with entire confidence for the preser- ed out to be the identical Providence let. What he thought of the present crisis? vation of our great and invaluable inter. ter, purporting to contain soo dollars. he answered, It will be decided in a few efts."

He haftily returned to the office with it' days.

in his hand, and it was recollected that The number of Englishmen in Paris was The Meeting-House in Westfield, Maf- one of the asliftants, who had gone to

one of the alliftants, who had gone to computed at 15,000. They were leaving sachusetts, was recently set on fire by fome breakfast, had taken occasion to go into that city with much precipitation. incendiary, and consumed. This is ex the yard soon after the alarm

The preparations for war on the part of cellent encouragement for Tom Paine to given, He instantly sent for him, and the French progressed lowly : and from pursue his " use ul labors."

confronted him with the letter ; he deni- his circumstance as well as from the sup.


No. 21

Che Balance.


affairs up

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position that Bonaparte would make some thousand dollars, as an extraordinary pre. the persons entitled to promotion--from facrifices to his love of peace, hoftilities fent, from Denmark, who applied to Bo. which laft mentioned returns the brigadiers were not expected to take place at press naparte, who instructed the French agent are to form brigade returns, and transmit ent.

to interpose, at which the Dey was ex the same to the Commander in Chief, on Twenty ships of the line were on the tremely indignant. A commodore from or before the first day of February, in ev. ftocks at Brest.

Denmark was expected at Algiers, and it | ery year, and as soon as may be to make The First Consul having determined to was supposed that the claim of the Dey | brigade returns to the Major General of put St. Domingo in the same state as be.

would in part be complied with.

the division. fore the revolution, 50,000 troops were Half of the sumn ftipulated to be paid by As these duties are enjoined by law, and to be sent there in the month of May.-- Spain had arrived, and the remainder was are essential to the public service, the The nephew of General Rochambeau was expected, with an additional present of Commander in Chief expects they will be at Havre ready to fail for the Cape. He 40,000 dollars. In addition to this, the faithfully performed. will be the bearer of dispatches for his un Dey demanded a ship of war to go on his To prevent irregularities, and imper. cle from the First Consul, which it is said

the Levant, and forty brass can. tections in returns, the Adjutant-General contain orders not to Ipare any of the non.

is directed to transmit blank forms to the negroes taken in rebellion ! Toussaint re One hundred and forty-five thousand different corps. It is indispensibly necelmained in confinement in the tower of dollars is demanded of Great Britain for fary to regular promotion of officers, that Besancon ! All the negroes found in runaway slaves, without renouncing an old their relative rank is alcertained ; Boards France were arrested and taken on board claim for 187,000 dollars.

of officers are therefore to be appointed in the ships at Breft.

On the zoth of January the corsairs each brigade, by the commanding officer Egypt was evacuated by the British on were all in port.

thereof, for this purpose without delay. the 10ih of February.

On the zift of February there arrived As appointments will in future, be made A fecret Senatus Consulta, it is said, has at Algiers a Spanish frigate, and consul, in the order that the returns of vacancies increased the allowance of the First Con. with presents to the value of 55,000 dol are received, it will be interesting to the ful to the immense sum of thirty. six mil

lars, and specie to the amount of 100,000 officers that those returns be promptly lions of livres per annum. dollars.

made ; and it is earnestly recommended, The vessels fitted out for the expedition

Two corsairs were expected to sail on that they be forwarded to the Adjutantto Louisiana were yet in the ports of the the 22d of February.

General's office as early as the first of Jan. Batavian Republic. The British minif.

[From the above statement it appears l uary, so that time may be afforded for ter having declared that on their going

that the United States are comparatively completing the appointments and issuing out, the cruisers of his nation would take

well treated by the Dey; and that there is the commissions in the course of the win. poflession of them, is probably the cause

reason to expect that either from motives ter. of their detention. They have been ready

of respe&t or fear, he will refrain from dif The Commander in Chief conceives it for fea more than Sve months. turbing our peace.] [Nat. Intel.] to be a peculiar duty, at this inportant

crisis of public affairs, to exhort the mili[Mercantile Advertiser.]


tia to use every exertion to provide them

selves with arms, and for their improveWYSHINGTON, MAY 13.

ALBANY, APRIL 20th, 1803.

ment in military discipline ar ! kaowledge The following contents of letters receiv. The Commander in Chief submits it of tablics. Government relies upon them ...ed from Algiers, as late as the 21st of Feb. to the Brigadier Generals and officers

for national detence; and from vic opinuary, exhibit, we believe, the most authen commanding brigades to appoint the time on the Commander in Chief entertains of tic information :

for the annual reviews and inspections of their patriotism, he fia:ters kiin{-1it will The specie sent by the Government of their relpective brigades, in order that the

be their first pride to render themselves the United Staies to the Dey of Algiers convenience of the militia may be con

eminently worthy of the high confidence

Gdered. had been rejected by him, and naval stores

reposed in them demanded, conformably to our flipula.

By an act passed the last session of the

By order of his Excellency,
Lions. The Dey threatened that unless
Legislature, the Brigadier Generals, and

SOLOMON VAN RENSSELAER, this request was complied with, war would

fficers commanding brigades, are to at. tend the annual reviews and inspections

Adjutant.General be declared against the United States.

of their different regiments, and corps, to We understand that the Dey poffeftes the right of demanding stores ; and that in

give such orders as shall appear to them

best calculated to improve the system of consequence of the requisition effe&ual

Tbe Knell. meafures have been taken by the Govern

military discipline eftablished by law, and

for improvement in military exercise and ment to furnish them.

manæuvres, and to give timely notice to On the oth of January the Dey declared the Major General of the division to war againšt France and Denmark, and or which they respectively belong of the odered the consuls of those nations to depart limes fixed for the annual reviews and in. ist. From Algiers : but on the next day intima- i spections ; to the end, that he may have

ted to them that they might remain for an opportunity of reviewing a portion fome time. The Dey at the same time re

thereof every year.

By the state act, the voked the pacific arrangements made with commanding officers of regiments and batFrance in Auguft laft, and demanded con. tallions are to make returns in due form, At Philadelphia, Gen, STEVENS T. Mason, one fular presents and two hundred thousand

of their respective corps, to the officer of the Senators of the state of Virginia, in the Con dollars. In consequence of thele meaf commanding the brigade, within one gress of the United States. ures, all the French merchants had left the month after the annual review and in At Detroit, 'JOHN F. HAYTRACK, Esq. Colonel

spection—together with a return of vacan of the 1st Regiment, in the Aumy of the United - In July the Dey demanded one lsundred cies and other casualties, naming therein States.



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Unseen the while a canker's pow'r

General, and offered to iland gormoterto May haste its honours to devour ;

him. Peregrine, Lord Willoughby, hav. And thus, while vainly round me play

ing the gout both in his hands and feet, re. Youth's zephyr-breath, and Pleasure's ray, ceived a challenge from a person who was My fate unknown, my tale untold,

(carcely his equal in point of rank, and Thus sinks the Maid with bosom cold.

which, being sent at fuch a time, could not be deemed the less impertinent. The high spirited nobleman was greatly exafpersi

ed; and to prevent a possibility of his cour. Diversity.

age being called in question, or his nice sense of honor or propriety being doub.

ed, he offered to meet the person with a A FEW years since James Malone, Esq. 1 piece of a rapier between his teeth :-The Mayor of Cork, imagining, if he could strip matter of course dropt, and the challenger the beggars of the miserable and fickly ap. was regarded with contempt by the whole pearance they generally made, he should court. divest them of the ftrongest claim to the charity of the humane, caine to the follow

RESIGNATION. ing agreement with one Geoghegan, one A CERTAIN gentleman (who has not of the conftables, who was by trade a bar- been long dead) was so entirely religned to, ber, viz.--He directed the barber to seize and dependent on, the will of Providence, all the beggars be found strolling within that whatever accident happened' to liien, the limits of the city, for each of whom he me not only faid but thought it was all for promiled a reward; but instead of bring the better. He was going from Ireland to ing them before him (the Mayor) he was England, when ftepping into the packet to take them to his shop, and there shave, il boat, the entering rope broke, he fell in'o wali, dress, and powder them in the gen- | the pinnace, and shattered his leg: "well, teelcft manner. He seized about half a said the honeft gentleman, it is all for the duzen, and with tbe asistance of razors, better,”. (which was his constant exprel. washball, scissors, and powder puffs, he so sion.) His friends asked him, how he completely metamorphosed them, that I could think breaking his leg, and the loss those whom he apprehended as mendicants, l of his voyage, which might be followed by when they left his shop, appeared like mac that of a fuit in chancery he was going to aronies, at least upon the head. This attend, could be for the better ? " provi. laughable scheme was attended with such

dence (replied he) knows beft: I am fill success, that the whole tribe (during Squire of opinion it was for the better." He was Malone's mayorality) avoided his jurifdic. I carried back; the packet boat failed, fountion as carefully as if it was visited by a | dered in her passage, and but one man was peftilence.


Ah! ever be they thus deceiv'd !
S:ill be my bosom cold believ'd,
And never may enquiring eyes
Pierce through unhappy Love's disguise :
Yet could they all my bosom share,
And see each painful tumult there,
Ah! never should I then be told
That I'm the Maid with bosom cold.

A fate severe my suffering mind
To endless struggles has consign'd.
I feel a flame I must not own,
I love, yet every hope is flown ;
Too strong to let my passions sway,
Too weak to teach it to obey,
I agonize, and then am told
That I'm the Maid with bosom coll.

Tlie joy o'er all my looks exprest
Conceals a bosom ill at rest ;
To balls and routes I haste away,
But only iinirate the gay :
1 jest at Love snd mock his pow'r,
Yet feel his triumph every hour ;
And lost to ev'ry bliss--am told
That I'm the Maid with bosom cold.

Unable from myself to fly,
I catch each word, I read each eye ;
Antonio comes-1 die with fear,
Lest others nark my falt'ring air
My eye perhaps too fondly gaz’d,
My tongue too much-too little prais'd ;
Suspicion's trembling slave-- I'm told
That I'm the Maid with bosom cold.

THE following anecdote of Sir.Sidney

TERMS OF THE BALANCE. Smith is related by a Gentleman who at. tended him in Egyp: : At that important

To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents, moment, when the French were driven payable in quarterly advances. from the walls of Acre, the Pacha, in the

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers first paroxism of joy and surprize, ex at the office, Two Dollars, payable as above. claimed, “ Sir Sidney Smith shall be King To those who receive them by the mail, Two of 'Acre.” That gallant officer, seizing Dollars, exclusive of pos age, payable in advance. the opportunity, claimed the fulfilment of A handsome title-page, with an Index or Table his promise, by requiring the reins of Gov of Contents, will be given with the last number ernment for one day only. This request

of each volume. was granted, and Sir Sidney devoted that Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and day !o opening the prisons, and liberating a handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accom number of unhappy vidiims of Turkish bar. panies the Balance. barity, who had long languished in those Complete files of the first volume, which have loathsome dungeons.

been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale

-Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and fif. A DUELLIST OF THE OLD SCHOOL.

ty cents---unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may

be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post office in THE time of Elizabeth will always be

the state, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-of. memorable for illustrious characters, for

fice in the union for 78 cents. the age of chivalry was not quite gone. The Queen did by no means approve of duelling ; but she was so much struck with SAMPSON, CHITTENDENES CROSWELL, the following instance of bravery and high

Warren-Street, Hudson, resentment, that she called the son of the

GENERAL IS EXECUTID nobleman who displayed it, her young WITII ELEGANCE AND ACCURACY.

With anxious toil, with ceaseless care,
Content and careless I appear;
And mirth beneath another's eye,
Alone I heave the helpless sigh,
Hang musing o'er his image de ır,
Feui on my cheek th'unbidden tear,
And think, ah! why should I be told
That I'm the Maid with bosoni cold?


The flower may wave its foilage gay,
And faunt it to the gairish day,


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Holland, Flanders, Germany, Switzer cessity; and his character was eulogised land, and Italy ; marking their progress || and exalted to the stars. In fact, it seem

with havoc and producing unutterable ed to be an established principle that the FOR THE BALANCE.

misery, wherever they bended their cour French neither did nor could do any ses. But the immense destruction of lives

wrong. This implicit confidence in Gal. THE DESTRUCTION OF LIVES BY THE

and property abroad is not included in lic equity and generosity continued un. FRENCH REVOLUTION.

the alorementioned computation of Pred shaken and unabated till Bonaparte seized

home. He mentions only those who per the reins of the government and seated RĖDHOME, a zealous revolu. ished in the revolution, within the terri himselt on the throne of the Capets. tionist and jacobin, who, as he was no in- | tories of France and her dependencies ;

It was no longer ago than the year 1800, considerable actor in the horrid cruelties and makes the amount almost equal to when a writer under the fignature of “A of the French revolution, can no wise be half the number of the inhabitants of the

Citizen of New York,” spoke the sentiUnited States. suspected of exaggerating those bloody

menis olis party in the following eulogy scenes, lias in a late publication stated,

It is not forgotten that those scenes of on the policy, conquests and maslacres of that the victims of the revolution in fix cruelty and horror in France were con

the French years and about tour months, that is, from templated by a large portion of the people The plains of Europe, says this wriJune 1789 to October 1795, amounted to

of this country, with transports of joy: ter, are whitened with the bones of innothe number of two millions twenty nine The bloody guilotine, the prison-massa cent and guilty millions. The fatherless thousand six hundred and fix : that twelve

cres, the drowning and shooting of aristo. and the motherless are bewailing their loss hundred and fixty five women and chil crats, women and children as well as men, in this fanguinary war; but yet the purdren were thrown into the sea at Toulon : | afforded a feast to the minds of many of chase is cheap. Providence has authoristhat nine hundred thousand perished in our citizens. They applauded the mur ed it, and ages of happiness and liberty La Vendee ; fifteen thouland of whom derers and poured forth their execrations are destined to succeed centuries of mise. were women, and twenty two thousand against the wretched viêlims. They justi.

against the wretched vi&tims. They jufti- || ry, depression and servitude. were children : that thirty two thousand fied all the cruelties and enormities of

" Furnish an irfance in which the rev. were adjudged to dea:h at Nantes, by Car. France ;--looked up with veneration to

olutionary government of France has derier ; among whom, five hundred chil. her as a perfect model of republican puri

parted from any folemn ftipulations with dren were shot to death, and fifteen hun. ty; and were prepared to denounce every

her neighbours. Has it.e violated the dred were drowned ; and two hundred man who betrayed the symptoms of an

laws of nations in that gross and dishonand sixty four women were shot to death, Anti-Gallican spirit. A political Millen

ourable way that distinguished the cabinet and five hundred were drowned ; and that iuni, they fondly believed, had begun ; l of St. James ? Has she made power the a hundred and twenty four thousand whiles, and that regencraied France would regen measure of her justice and tiie umpire of including women and children ; and fixty crate the world. While Bonaparte, the

her differences ? Has fhe yiolated the thousand blacks and people of colour, of modern Alexander, was specting his char

rights of humanity, or offered an insult each sex and all ages, were destroyed at !0t over heaps of llain, laying walte ibe

without the strongelt provocations ? No! St. Domingo.

laireli portions of Europe and bowing the

ever magnanimous, the fair and imngutaFrance, during several years of the revnecks of na:ions to the gallic yoke, his

ble principles of juflice have been the faith. olution, resembled an immense Volcano victories were deemed le glorious tri

ful guardians of her conduct." that disgorges its lava upon the adjacent umphs of republicaniim; lis perfidies and

Nothing short of infatuation or a partial territories. Her armies poured over and cruelties were either denied or mantled derangement of intelleéts could have led laid waste the neighbouring countries of wish the ever-convenient pretence of ne. men of any degree of honefty thus to bef


other pun.


tow unqualified and unbounded applause ness is arrayed in the garb of lanĉity. || must be because the exercise of his reafon on all the doings of the rulers of France, Deceit always approaches us in the plain. is controuled. In a free country, where during the tremendous tempeft of its revo ness of sincerity ; and ambition is unsur the right of futfrage is enjoyed, it would lution. Future generations will read with pected in the furious declaimer for public | be called the worst of all tyrannies to put altonishment an impartial history of the liberty and the rights of man. To diftin. a citizen to death for voting against the political phrenfy that seized half the peo. guilh, therefore, accurately, between the prevailing party: - It would be equally ple of these plates ; and will render a jaft true patriot, and the inere office-hunter, despotic to banish him-or to confiscate tribute of honour to the memories of is essentially connected with the welfare of his property, or to deprive him of the Washington and Adams, by whose pru. the Republic. That there is danger will be right to vote, or to infli&t dent administrations, with the aid of the readily' conceded, when it is considered, lishment. This will no: be disputed. whole phalanx of federal republicans, it how easy it is to appear a patriot--and Measures of this kind would be called by was checked and repreffed ; and the coun. how great the inducement to hypocrisy is, no other name than persecution. But the try saved from anarchy and from the langs in a country where we must necessarily | degree of punishinent makes no differ. of the French

irust much to profesion. These reflec. ence surely in the essence of the crime, tions are intimately connected with the It is the quo animo that constitutes the na. subjeâ I propose to examine.

lure of the offence. The deprivation of FOR THE BALANCE.

Removals from office may be consider an office is equally persecution with in. ed to be made either on account of inca.

Itances I have mentioned ; not fo disal. REMOVALS.

pacity or delinquency in the officer, in irous indeed, but fill ic is perfecution ; which cases they are of public benefit ; or

and by how much the less the public in. else they are made on account of the po- | dignation is likely to be excited by the aâ,

litical opinion of the removed ; and in l by so much the more cruel and barbarous UCH has been said upon this this case are of most pernicious confe in the perpetration. W: will take the fubjeci. Many have been irritated by the

quences. I am not a modern philosopher. I cale of Mr. Henry, late Comptroller violence and rapidiry, with which they I look around me, and do not see that man

Had he been what is called " à Republi. have been made ; and many wounds have

kind are approaching to angelic excel-can," there is no doubt he would have been inflicted which will not probably be lence ; and my fellow.citizens must par

remained untouched. He had not been healed on this side the grave. It is an don me, if I am so ungracious as to con.

in an unreasonable tiine ; for if that liad unhappy reflection that so fruiilul a source sider all the descendants of Adam to be

been a real reason, then Sirceon De Wit, of animuluy fhuald have been opened ; || nothing more or less than human beings ; || Surveyor General, appointed during Mr. and will more unfortunate is it, that any having many good qualities, and some

Clinton's first administracion, would have portion of the people should have been per- i pretty bad óncs--capable of noble actions

been removed. It could not be tho'chat fuaded, that the gencral interest is con -capable of the moit criminal. I cannot was alledged by Mr. Spencer) becaule he fulted by removing individuals of one par- || blafpheme so much as to bellow out con.

paid foine attention to his professional at15, merely to inahe room for individuals tinually, that their voice is the voice of fairs, for that was not prohibited by law; vi another party. The reflecting men of

God ; at the same time that I believe they and the Attorney-General himfell, thu' all pariies perceive in this opinion ground

are very fit to govern themselves, as long positively prohibited by lar', is Aill in ile tor unaffecied lamentation. It is an opin as their paflions do not govern their reason

same ftyle of praćtice as formerly, those joa inculcared by, and altogether pleas. -as long as they take care that no perni

uses another's name, for form lake. It ing to, those whouse patriotisım is ambition, cious notions are suffered to grow into

could not be, because Mr. Heniy was less and whole love of ihe people is prolefled | fundamental principles. And that the capable thanMr. Jenkins. Shewing the reato conceal their luft of offices. Afier all great body kill mein right, and will still

fons which could not have operated, it that has been written on the subje&t, 1 l judge fairly, I believe, or assuredly, I

follows that Mr. Henry was reinored for have not treated in what

his political opinions i nav, this was fta. deemed tie proper way, and am therefore their judgments - I use that term, be

red in the Council by Mr. Spencer. And induced to ifter a few cbservations to the cause with their pations I hold no con

that the public might be at no lofs on the Thinking part of the community ;-for I verie.

subject, it was stated in a labored perdo hope there are yet inany who have noi Whenever removals are on account of

formance at the time, that Federalism was senounced the interests of their country incapacity or delinquency, the public good | the people haŭ inscribed this dreadtul fer

the crime. It was even pretended that who have got adopted the notion that the democrats can do no wrong. This prin- ciori, that the reader thall not be insulted is promuiid. This is io plain a proposi.

tence on the ballot boxes-- Turn thera ciple is fur:damental in the British govern with proot; but it is neceísary to my pur

out, they are unprofitable fervants." This ment as regards the king; and when in

the members of the Council chofe to lanAncrica it shall be adopted with repeat pose that it fhould have due weight in his

cy, altho' the removed officers have lince, in any party', our liberty is gone.

in many instances, been elected to impor

Many and powerful arguments may be tant trusis. In a free republican government, there urged against removals for opinion fake, in

But it is unneceffary to conare two proninent objets of pursuit.

sume ink and paper on this point. It is a free government. I say in a free


well understood on all hands, that the reThe one is the prosperity of the republic; ernment ; because in a monarchical one, the other is, the gratification of ambition. depending as it does on force, the mon

movals made by Mr. Jefferson and our

ftate Council were on the ground of im. To purlue the first is always honorable ; arch is fupreme, and every deviation from to be hnown to pursue the last is always his will neceffarily weakens his strength.

proper political opinions held by the offiignominious. Whenever a vice is con. But in a free republic the people are su.

cers, as they all. dged, and as they said the ered, it is always under the appearance | premie ; therefore universal, unchecked premie ; therefore universal, unchecked lubject in a true light. Now, to my mind

people had decided. This is placing the of its oppofie virtue. Thus the knave exercise of opinion is the vital principle whether a man is guillotined, distranchilforever affetis honelty. In countries (our

In countries (our of the lystem-it is the riglit of a free led, or removed from an osce which he own being unhappily no instance) where man to enjoy and persist in a wrong o. religion is de grand desideratum, wicked-)! pinion, because it he has not this right, it ljos, mercly cn account of his political

would otherwise have been luffered to en:


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