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Driginal Efays. he stole fire from heaven, might probably || must have passed away before mankind at

have originated under circumstances fimi tained to the skill of manufaćturing that

lar to those which have now been menHither the products of your closet-labors bring,

most precious metal. Enrich our columns, and instruct mankind. tioned. It is not unlikely that Promothe Though the world is almost fix thousand

us, living among a lavage people and pos- || years old, every age is still making some FOR THE BALANCE.

fefsing some burnished convex substance, addition to the stock of human knowledge,

by means whereof he was able to con. respecting the mechanical ules of fire. ON THE USE OF FIRE.

verge the rays of the fun and bring ehem to The wiseft men of antiquity, a Socrates, a a focus, had enkindied fire, from time to

Pythagoras, or even a Solomon, could no [CONTINUED FRON OUR LAST.) lime, among the leaves and in sight of the

wise have imagined the astonishing effects, savages ; and had gradually taught them to which are produced by a single spark of RAVELLERS tell us of some kindle and use it. Hence he was accused

fire, in the instances of its application to {avage tribes in warm climates, who have w facrilege, and the fable says that a vul

gun.powder :*-and much less the poslii no knowledge of the use of fire ; but dread ture is eternally feeding on his liver : so it|bility of diverting the courses and shielding it and flee from it, in the supposition that has been believed that Fauftus, the inven

men from the fatat effects of lightning ; it is a creature of a spiteful nature, that ter of printing, was a wizard, and that he

which has been evinced by the discoveries will bite and destroy them. However was carried off by the devil.

of the American Promotheus, Doctor strange this may appear, it is not altogeth Vulcan, a deity of no in considerable no Franklin. er improbable. If a number of children | toriety among the ancient Greeks and Ro

The various kinds of seam-machines male and female should be left on some mans, and who is represented in the pa- \ are also of modern invention. The irrc. warın island, the spontaneous productions | gan mythology, as labouring in fire and fiftible torce arising froin the expansion of of whole luxuriant foil should feed and || forging thunderbolts for Jove, obtained confined air ; and the power of fire to support them, and should there grow up his title to godship, by instructing some ig- ll produce such expansion, either suddenly and propagate the species, secluded from norant nation in the application of fire to or gradually, as best suits the purposes of the relt of mankind ; in the event of fire, || mechanical uses. The wondering savage,

man, give room for an endless variety of kindled in their fight by lightning, or, as taught to smelt the ore, to forge the pre useful mechanical inventions ; which may it sometimes happens, irom the intensity | cious iron, and to mould it into plough- probably be multiplying and improving of the rays of the sun, they would gaze lhares and pruning-books and the various as long as the world thall fand. upon it with plearing wonder ;' they would instruments for domestic use, was natur word, how to warm apartments with the approach and touch the beautiful flame ; || ally led to place his instructor in these use. least possible quantities of fuel ; how to - when the instant pain from the burn ful arts, in the rank of gods. Indeed | apply fire to all the mechanical uses of would cause thein to retreat with confter. his claim to be fixed among the fais was which it is capable ; and how to govnation and dismay, Long would they re much better than that of the ancient Hero,

ern, check and extinguish it in the most member the venomous bite of this strange || whom the pagans adored vnder the name

easy and expeditious manner, is an inex. serpent ; they would tell the frightful of Mars ; who rose to the poileflion of haustible Science, in which mankind will tale to their children ; and several gen divine honours over heaps of flain, and

be always advancing and improving. erations might pass away, before any one whose “ hands were full of blood.'**

M. of them would obtain any knowledge of The ante-deluvian Vulcan was Tubalthe use of fire, or even venture to enkin. Cain. He appears to be the first artifi

* Gun-powder was invented by Roger Bacon, an dle it.

English Friar, in the year 1280. Sixty years after cer in iron ; and as he was of the sixth

its invention, it was first suggested as useful in war, The ancient fable of Promotheus, that generation from Adair, several centuries by Swartz, a munk of Cologne.

In a

jects for reforming the world, and abufe of public councils detached from toreign allies," and it was generally offered by


ina pamphlet, and under your own name. ces required. Mr. Monroe was entrusted Thele papers contain precisely our prin.

with the conduct of our moft important ciples, and I hope they will be generally re concerns, when they demanded prudence, FROM THE U. S. GAZETTE.

cognized here. Determined as we are to found discretion, and firmness; but he

avoid; it possible, waiting the energies of manifested such entire defticution of these TOM PAINE has recommenced his our people in war and destruction, we shall requisites, as involved this country in useful labours," and again addressed the avoid implicating ourselves with the pow much difficulty, and, but for his recal

, citizens of the United States through the ers of Europe, even in lupport of princi might have produced our ruin. To plunge medium of the Aurora. In that paper of pics which we mean to pursue. They this country into the war with France athis morning we are favoured with his

have so many other interests different from gainit England, and most of the nations of " Letter the Sixthto the citizens of the ours that we must avoid being entangled in Europe, was an object fairly evinced, and United States. This letter, like most of them.---We believe we can enforce those openly advocated. It was strongly urged, his other productions since his arrival i principles as to ourselves by peaceable that the United States should afford men the country, is composed principally of means, now that we are likely to have our and inoney, for the affiftance of our dear encomiums upon himself and pro

. The return of our citizens from Mr. Monroe, to give up a necessary and General Washing!on's administration. the phrenzy into which they had been important right, guaranteed by our then The only thing worthy of notice in this I wrought, partly by ill conduct in France, | existing treaty with France ; and also to publication is a copy of the whole of Mr. partly by artifices praised upon them, is open not only our public trealury, but alJefferson's affe&tionate le:ter of invitation almost extinct, and will, I believe, become so those of the states, and of individuals, to to Painę. We have marked in Italies ll quite so. But these details, too minute and

quite fo. But these details, too minute and aid French rapacity in enslaving and plun. that part of which was last summer publish: long for a letter, will be better developed dering the other nations of Europe. "This ed in this country, from European news | by Mr. Dawson the bearer of this, a meni is evideat in almost every page of Mr. papers, and which was made the theme of a

ber of the late congress, to whom I refer Monroe's detence. A tew extracts how. series of essays in this Gazette. Several you for them. He goes in the Maryland ever, will suffice, to evince his zeal to things in this affectionate letter from the floop of war, which will wait a tew days at promote the interest of his country, greateft Philosopher to the grea:elt Blal Havre to receive his letters to be write.. Thus he wro e io che commitiee of pub. phemer in the world deferve the serious ai. on his arrival at Paris. You expreffida

lic safety Od. 25. 1794; tention of the people of the United States. I wish to get a pesage to this country in a “ It is my duty to intorm you that I As it will no longer be a question with any i public vefel. Mr. Dawson is charged am under no instruction to complain of, one whether Mr. Jefferson really wrote with orders to the captain of the Marylandi or request the repeal of, the decree ausuch a letter to his table companion and to receive and accommodate you burk if thorifog a depariure from the 23 and bolom Iriend, we presume the democrats, you can be ready to depart at such a $92 24 s. icles of the treaty of amity and especially those of them who profefs chirila warning. Rob. R. Livingston is a: ,

rommerce ;" [thele articles ftipulated, tianity, will find much edification in perni. ed minifter plenipotentiary to the repibl. bat free ships Jhall make free goods, and fing this brotherly epistle. It will be no.

of France, but will not lea''e ilus, il y that all gooris tñall be free except thote that riced that Mr. Jefferson becaine preficent receive the ratification of the conventi. are termesi contraband; and specified what of the United States on the th of March by Mr. Dawson. I am in hopes wou will articles shall be deemed contraband. The 1801, and that he delayed no longer than find us reiurned generally · 10 fetiments French government liad palled a decree till the 18th of the same month before he worthy of former times. In these it will authorizing their trips, privateers

, and gave orders to one of the ships of the navy be your glory to havefendiiv laboured and

cruizers to pay no attention to thele arti10“ receive and accommodate" his friend

with as inuch effect as any man living. || cles, and thus let loose their whole nava! and correlpondent. By the firit fentence

That you may long live to continue your force upon our detenceless commerce, of the letter it appears that these loving and sulfut labours and to reap the reward in

on the contrary I well know, that il, congenial spirits had been previously in the thankfulness of nations is my sincere upon consideration, after the experi. habits of uninterrupted correspondence. il prayer. Accept ufurances of my high ment made, you should be of opinion, No less than four kind epistles between the esteem and affectionate attachment. " that it produces any folid beresit to the it and the 16 h oi Qaber! By the


THOMAS JEFFERSON. “ Republic, the American Goverument immediately fublequent, it is evident that

“ will not only bear the departure with they had been plotting fome vaft [chemes of

patience, but with pleasure !" reform, which, instead of " wasting the en.


The plain language of all this is, ergies of thi people," will probably contri

break your treaty with us---capture of bute to the multiplication nf the human

IT is well recollected, that when the pre- || and imprison our seamen, and it, on com:

ships-plunder us of our propeity, beat race," and to the extin&tion of superstition and priest-craft throughout the world.- fent ruling party were the minority, they u

sideration, it is of any benefit to the REBut we keep the reader too long from the niformly manifested a strong anxiety that

PUBLIC, we shall bear it with PLEASURE. letter itself. Here it follows. We know the government of the United States should

This was the language of an American not in what fit ot intoxication the Blasphe - Jafford affiftance for the promotion of the mer • is induced to make it public. His caule of liberty in France. This difpofi

caule of liberty in France. This dispofi

' || Minister !—and that ininifter is again fer

to the lame country, with two millions of friend, the Philolopher, will not thank him

tion was ftrikingly displayed by Mr. Mon.
roe when minister of iha: country, and by

dollars to purchase-what ? ---the perm. for it.

the support and approbation which his con- || fion of enjoying our own rights !!!! WASHINGTON, MARCH 18, 1801. duct received from the Jeffersonian feet al But again--Mr. Monroe wrote thus to DEAR SIR,

ter he had been dismilled by president the Secretary of State, on the 20:2 NoYour letters of Oa.'ıft, 4th, 6th 16th, Washington, and also by the appointment, || vember 1794cane duly to hand, and ite papers which which he has lately received, ot min fter " I was invited by the diplomatic they covered were according to your per. extraordinary to the cours of France, “bers of the commivee of public laterv nusion, pubiihed in the news papers and ) Spain, or wherever he may find his servi to a conference on a new topic :: I wa


* informed it was their intention to press || having declined a re-ele&tion ; a number

Balance Closet. " the war against England in particular;

of candidates have offered themselves, as • but that they were distressed for funds, l) usual, to the notice of their fellow-citi. “ and asked could any aid be obtained || zens, through the medium of the news

In the American Mercury of the 12 h instant, “ from the United States ? I told them I papers. One of thele is Mr. S. D. Purvi

published at Hartford, Mr. Babcock the editor, af“ was fatisfied if it was in their power, it ance, who appears to be a man of talents

ter declaring, in substance, that the democra's in « would be rendered." This, it will be and independence ; and a Federalist of the

Connecticut, tho' greatly defeated at the last elecnoted, was after our declaration of Neu old school.. He thus gives his opin

tion, are still increasing and will finally triumph, trality. ion in an addrefs to the electors :

assumes the prophetic style and raves like one of the In his subsequent communications to

ancient Sybils, in the following terrific language : the diplomatic members of the committee

“ If preferring the form of govern. 66 When all Calabria shakes beneath the of public safety, he observes,

ment adopted by the people of the United “ feet of the people, it is much more dreadlo * It is the wish of the French Repub- States, to any other form of government, “ ful than the local eruptions of Velu

| « lic to obtain, by loan, a sum of money

designates the Republican character, I am « vius and Eina. When the earth all a* from the United States of America to

then a Republican, for I think the rules of round is falling in, tho' it be bui fiou. • enable it to prosecute the war.

action resulting from that form more safe ly, the crust is continually growing this.

for the liberties, and more advantageous This is to be expected from three four

ner, and the poor wretches, without a to the interests of our co “ ces; the General government, the State

country than

any place to cast cheir eyes tu for fafety,

other. But if a determination to support " governments, and from individuals.

“must e'er long be swallowed up with sud* The French cause and the French na

the constitution, which is the great bond “ den deftru&tion, and there can be none to . * tion are greatly regarded in America,

of our union, and the only pillar on which “ deliver. Let federal deceivers be aflur* and I am perluaded some money may be

our government stands, be Federalism, I " ed an extensive fire is kindled under " obtained, and perhaps a very respectable

am a Federalist. If “ with reverence I " them, whose flames are increahng, thu' * fum from the three lources above men.

deem” the fage and politic counsels of " there may be but few volcanoes exhibi. # tioned."

Washington, and the prudent and whole. " ting ebul itions.

fome administration of Adams, preferable Thus it was that Mr. Monroe's commu

Here a scene is disclosed, tha: is infinitely more nications to the French Government con

to “ the chimerical vagaries ot a sublim. horrible than the old gun-powder-plot. Surely evStantly encouraged the hope, that the Uni.

ated fancy,” or the visionary speculations ery federal republican must stand aghast ;--his ted States would contribute to support the

of an unpractised theorist, be Federalism, teeth chattering in his head and his hair bristling I am a Federalist. If preferring “ that

on end. expenses of the war, and in the represen. tations to his own government he itrongly

firm and energetic spirit," which, while it What! Is Connecticut shaking like Calabria in and constantly urged the measure. He

preserved pure and undefiled" the civil the neighbourhood of some hidden Volcano ?-Is the and religious liberties of the people, main

earth all around falling in l-Is the crust on which says to the Secretary of Siate--"1 fincere. "'ly with we may aflift them if possible; ica, and raised her political consequence, tained also the national dignity of Amer. the people stand, continually growing ihinner !- Is

an extensive subterraneous fire kindled !-- Are its " the

to a height before unknown-If, I say, flames increasing ?-Are several volcanoes exhibi. cheerfully bear a tax, the product of

ting ebullitions ; and are many more operating in * which was to be applied to the French preferring this spirit of administration, io that feeble and temporising policy which

secret ? --All this must be truly tremendous. * Republic," and then tells the commit

would prostrate the dignity of our coun While we suspect that citizen Babcock, scorched “ tee of public safety, that “the sum wbich

in his imagination by the sulphurous fires which he * might be raised in America, wouldin his try--it preferring it to that narrow mind. ed relfithness, which would hazard the in.

so feelingly describes, has rather overcharged the *jadgment, be considerable.” All this Mr. Monroe well knew, was a

picture, we are constrained to acknow ledge the apt. terest of five inillions of people, from a direct departure from our neutral declara preferring it to that insatiable thirt for fear and dread of injuring its own-1f

ness of his similies. His comparing Jacobinical

principles, the general diffusion whereof would be tion, and the course we were bound to purfue ; but it was a favorite plan of the Jet. anarchy; which, not contented with des.

subversive of the bonds of civil society, to volca. troying the fence which the constitution noes, is a thought entirely just, tho' not new. ferson party to lend money to France, and

had erected around the liberties of the involve the country in the war. The suc

DEMOCRATIC CUNNING. cess of this plan' however, was frustrated people, would also tear off the last hoid by President Washing on, and the mortifi

which they had upon happiness, by im.

porting and cherishing in the bosom of From a statement which appears in the last Bee, cation and regret of the party have been

our country the wretch who had calum it would seem that the elections in Connecticut eminently conspicuous. Now raised to niated the illustrious Washington, and

are conducted much after the manner of legislative power they seem determined to persevere in

business--that the votes are not given for two rival their system, so far as circumstances will blafphemed bis God-If this preference,

candidates, but that a single candidate is held up, allow, and Mr. Monroe has already depar

I say, be Federalism, I AM A FEDER-

and the voies taken in the affirmative and in the ted with two million of dollars to be expended, as he shall judge proper, amorg

negative-for and against his election. “ But although I am, and ever have

We should like to know what the Bee means by e our“ good allies" and “generous friends,

been, in these relpects a Federalist, I will the French.

against Trunibull.” We aver there are take the liberty of repeating a sentiment

such votes given in Connecticut. If it means, that which many of you have heard me fre.

the candidate who was held up in opposition to, or quently express" that I will always be

against" Trumbull, received 8,071 votes, the state. Froin a late North-Carolina Paper.

willing to second and sustain any propo ment is absolutely false. The whole number of

sition, from whatever fource it may de. votes for Kirby, was but 7,848. THE PLATFORM OF FEDERALISM.

rive its origin, which I might think con

ducive to the interest of my country, and " I don't know how to remove these large stones," MR. GROVE, one of the Reprefentawill never be found advocating, from the

said a labourer on a turnpike-rcad. “ Call them fedtives of the Siate of Notb-Carolina, in mere spirit of party, any mealure which eralists, and they will soon be removed," replied a the late Congress of the United States, might be prejudicial to its welfare."


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son of Ham, who was one of the sons of || the serpents and scorpions." Another Noah. He was " a mighty hunter," and

who vilited the ruins in the year 1574, said, after rendering himself popular by his They are so full of venomous creatures stratagems and prowels in destroying wild that no one dares approach nearer than bearts of prey, 'he fubdued the tribes of half a league from hem, except for two men and bowed their necks beneath his months in the winter, when these animals regal sceptre. The sacred historian re Itir not from their holes." More modern

marks, that the beginning of his kingdom | travellers have given a similar account ; agricultural.

was Babel. Babylon, begun by Nimrod | adding that the ruins are so effaced and so where old Babel stood, was enlarged, en widely spread, that it is imposible to tell

riched and cmbellished by his fucceffors, exactly where the city stood. CULTURE OF POTATOES.

till, in the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, its Extrait of a letter from Joseph BARREL, Four-Square ; and fixty miles in circum

splendor surpassed description. It was Esq. to the corresponding secretary of forence. Its walls were eighty seven teet the Maffichusetts Agricultural Society. I thick, and three hundred and fifty feet

Literary Notice.
PLEASANT-HILL, JAN. 1, 1303. high. Its gates were of brass ;-iis gar-

dens, lupported in the air at the height of
HAVE, for several years, between three and four hundred feet ;-

THE public has been lately gratified by

a valuable performance from a young cler. mude experiments on potatoes, (some of || planted with orange and other fruit-trees, which I communicated to the fociety) and and decorated with every flower, fhrub

gyman of great abilities in this city. It from them I am fully convinced, that small and vegetable that could charm the senses,

is a disquisition on the character of So.

crates, in which, though the subject is not potatoes are as good for feed as large, that were an astonishing specimen of the art and ihree in a hill are better than a larger quan. power of man. That city was the cradle,

wanting in antiquity, there is nothing trite

and threadbare ; on the contrary, the views tity, that cut potatoes are better than whole, or the birth-place of learning and the sci

which are taken in this performance, of the and that the eyes are best of all. ences. In the observatories, on the sum

character of Socrates, are as new and orig. “ The past season I planted my potatoe

mits of its lofty towers, astronomy was
studied some centuries before the time of

inal, as they are candid and ingenious. fields chiefly with eyes, and had, in some

Abram. The wealth of the Ealt, wrung This essay was suggested by a late pub. parts, a prodigions increase, and in the field

from its owners by extortions and con lication of Dr. Priently, in which a com. ihroughout, full as large a crop as any of

parison is drawn between Socrates and Je. my neighbors, although they planted from quests, was.poured into this reservoir :eight to ten bushels on an acie; and I plant.

sus. The Doctor is inclined to ascribe to thither were conveyed the golden vessels ted a short halt bushel on an acre, and if I

of Solomon's temple and all the riches of Socrates all the merit which it has, for a. had cut the eyes carefully, I am sure there Jerusalem and Tyre.

ges, been the fashion to ascribe to him, but

he is not content with this. He is even would not have been a peck to an acre. In While Babylon was at the height of this method there will be an immense saving her power and grandeur ;-while, in the I disposed to doubt, whether the thoughts of more than nineteen-twentieths of the feed confident expectation of endless prosperity; || degree dictated by inspiration ; and to which is well worth the attention of every

she was " singing like an harlot," the holy farmer who dares to differ from the praca Seers of Palestine predicted her fall and

raise him in this respect, to the level of tice of his father. My overseer, wanting

the Hebrew prophets and the apostles. ruin. Jeremiah prophesied concerning faith in this method, planted a single large || Babylon,

Babylon, “It fall not be inhabited, but These opinions of the Doctor have been potatoe, with many eyes, in a hill, and it it shall be wholly desolate." Isaiah fore- | weighed, with a learned and candid hand, produced only thirty.tour potatoes of all told that Babylon should be.destroyed and || by the author of this pamphlet, The fizes."

" never again inhabited ; but wild beasts character and conduct of Socrates, are arof the desert hall lie there, and their hou, raigned at a much more severe tribunal, ses Thall be full of doleful creatures." than ever fat in judgment on them before. Events have frikingly corresponded to

The great difference between Socrates and Agonitorial Department.

thele predictions. Five hundred and thir. Jelus, as well as between Socrates and ty eight years before the christian era,

some other eminent teachers of wisdom,

are here exhibited in striking colours, and To aid the cause of virtue and religion.

Babylon was taken by Cyrus ; when Bel.
shazzer the king was Dain. By a series

every impartial reader will probably nie of subsequent calamities, that superb city

from the peruial, with his veneration for FOR THE BALANCE. was laid in ruins; and has long since be

Socrates considerably diminished. come a den of serpents. In the time of In these times of political fervour, il THE GLORY AND THE PREDICTED FALL

Auguftus, the city was almost deserted. is pleasant to turn from the scene of e.

The Persian Kings, in the fecond or third ternal wrangle and abuse, to the verdant AND RUIN OF BABYLON.

century, while the walls were fill itand fields of classical literature, and the wri. ing, used the city as a great park in ter of this pamphlet deserves the public

which they kept and hunted wild beasts. gratitude in an eminent degree, for this ABYLON, situated on the banks At last, the walls and the towers, which as well as for his former publications.of the Euphrates, within the limits of the were builded of brick and hewn stone ce. His merit, indced, will be very hi, h, if present Turkish empire, and at no greatmented together with bitumen, crumbled he mall appear to hare executed frict jur. distance from the city Bagdad, has afford, and fell; and the fragments of those im. tice upon Socrates, fince he will thus ed a most illustrious instance, as well of the mense piles overspread the ground. Ben. have rooted out as important and invetetruth of fcripture prophecy, as of the per- | jamin, a Jew, who was there in the 12th rate an error as ever inieced the bistory ishing nature of all worldly grandeur.- century, said, " Babylon is now laid waste, ll of ancient times. This city was founded by Nimrod, a grand- || and men fear to enter there on account of [Relf's Philadelphia Gazette.


No. 21

Che Balance.


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az iscellany.

" After refreshing ourselves, we found to cask one bushel of unflacked lime--add the eastward a second entrance, finilar to the to this 60 gallons of boiling water, after

one in which we had been admitted. Our diffolving 30 pounds of pot or pearl-afnes -Promi ike N. Y. MORNING CHRONICLE.

jeurney was soon interrupted by discov. therein-this lhould be done as quick as

ering that we were on the very brink of a possible then shut the hatches, and make ST. MICHAEL'S CAVE.

precipice, which presented to our view the ship tight-in this situation, let the vel

(by the afli ftance of large rolls of greased | fel remain until the next day, and then AMONG ihe natural curiosities of

paper lighted, and thrown down) a sec. | discharge the air- by means of the AirGibraltar and its vicinity, the Cave of

ond circular room ; its perpendicular de l Pump Ventilator. By this time the lime St. Michael holds a distinguilhed rank.- scent about 25 feet. On returning, we will be settled in the calk, and the water Superstition has made it the scene of many discovered a imall opening in the rock, or ley, will be very clear---dip it out care. flrange occurrences, and tradition has con which admitted but one perlon to creep | tully, and, after drawing the boxes out nected with its history adventures suited in : it was with difficulty and danger, we of one of the ship's pumps, send it thro' only to the fictions of romance. The

pursued this narrow winding passage for that channel into the pump-well. fanguinary contests that formerly subfifted

about 30 feet, (in some places 3 or 4 feet between the Moors and the Spaniards, a. perpendicular) when we were received bounded in events which, with a little into the apartment we had just been view.

From the WILMINGTON MIRROR. coloring from faney, are supposed to have ing from above. This was also handsomeoriginated the le tales.

ly arched, and curiously wrought, but The following description is from the presented few columns; its length 50 feet,

THE TYRIAN DYE. journal of an American gentleman, by breadth 30, heighth 35 or 40. At the whor) it has been lately visited.

southern extremity, we were again carried ANCIENT writers have greatly cele. “ The entrance into St. Michael's Cave

into a third narrower entrance, which al- | brated this particular kind of dye for its

so led to a precipice; its depth unknown; || excellence in dying fearlet, crimson and is about 11 feet wide and 9 high, immedi

the light of our torches and fire-balls of purple, but unfortunately for the world, ately opening into an irregular circle, the diameter of which is probably 60 let, greafed paper, gave us a view of almon the knowledge of procuring the materials

90 feet perpendicular. On our return of this dye has been long lost, perhaps for height 70. From your firit entrance you from this narrow paslage we discovered | near two thousand years. Yet writers on descend an inclined plane 25 or 30 feet,

two pools of water, the largest about 9 feet the subject have mentioned several circumby steps formed from the clay of the care

in diameter, depth uncertain : the chryf. || ftances respecting it that may lead to a re-here you view huge columns suspend.

tal freams of the golden age, could not discovery of the method of procuring it, ed from the top of the cave, formed by have furpassed them in purity.

to wit, That it was procured from the sea the incessant dripping of the waters, and

" From this second apartment, we de. and from some kind of fish ; and that it which being highly charged with calcare.

cended into a third, by a perpendicular was attended by this peculiar quality or ous matter, petrifies as it falls, giving a

dcfcent of about 10 leet, length 20 feet, variety of dusky shades to the maily sup

property that the oftener any fluff dyed breadth 12, height 12 or 15. From this with it was washed, the more bright and porters of the roof. One of these col.

we returned to our first starting place; and beautiful the color grew. Directed by umns must have been at least 40 feet in

after having visited the friendly vase, and chele circumstances and reflecting on them length and 10 in circumference, and in

when I oiten visited the sea shore for the whole formation the tardy hand of petri.

poured libations to the Naiad of the fount

we pursued our journey southward, de benefit of the air when I was in a bad ftate faction might vie with the finest archi.

scending into several similar chambers ; of health, I tried some experiments on the tecture; whilft their beanty not only defies, but is heightened by the ravages of

but, the offensive and humid atmosphere large sea-nettle, which were cast on the

--the difficulty in descending, and the Thore by the fishermen, and thereby as they time. The columns of the Saint's Cave

certainty of not being able to penetrare lay on the beach in the fun exhibited some alone rise fuperior to this common destroyer. Nearly in the centre of the first apart

much deeper without strong and lengtly appearances of being the same of that ex

cords, induced us to return. In all of the cellent and celebrated dye, by dying fev. ment we found a vase handsomely form.

chambers, we found innumerable quanti. eral small pieces of wollen, cotton, silk ed, and filled with remarkably fine water,

ties of bats.

arid linen cloth in a liquid which abounds which, filtering through, and dripping

" At 6 P. M. we left the Cave of in those creatures. The liquid dyed all from the upper part of the rock, becomes Saint Michael, refolving to pay it a fec.

those articles a bright and beautiful purperfectly pure and cold, affording a de. lightful relreshment. 'Tis thus that na.

ond and more fatisíactory visit when we ple; and upon having them frequently ture, even in her most sportive moments,

hould be better prepared to explore its

washed afterwards, I found the color grew recelles."

more bright and beautiful cvery time they evinces her friendship for the curious and

were washed, so that I was thereby induc. enterprising. Many small arched chapels

ed to believe these creatures to be the are seen on either side of the apartment,

true source of the Tyrian dye, and it so and the gloomy magnificence of the whole

there is little doubt but our country will was much increased by the reflection from Improvements, &c.

afford an ample supply of it, for all the he light of our torches.

manufacturing world, as these nettles a. " My imagination carried me into the An obliging correspondent has furnished the editors | bound in many of our boys along the rouldering ruins of a gothic cathedral, of the Balance with the following sea coast. And I hope that i hele hints wi!! where, against that column which now


induce fome person skilled in dying, and upported me, the enthusiast bas opened

dye fluffs, to examine and fully ascertain, ser nightly orisons ; but the excessive

whether those large sea nettles, are or not, lamps chilled my fancy, and powerfully

the true genuine fource of the Tyrian dye. ifailed my piety, forcing me to acknowl. TAKE a cask that will hold 100 gal. The importance of this article to the manpige my unwillingness to attend vespersions or more, with one head out-fet it be- ufacturing nations, and particularly to our with my imaginary NUNS.

any part of the vessel- put into this own country, renders it worthy of a full in







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