ponitorial Department.

A Semiramis, a Zenobia, the Elizabeth of England, and the laft Catharine of Russ

sia, excite astonishment, more than love, To aid the cause of virtue and religion. Their vaft capacities, their splendid talents,

equalled by a very few among monarchs FOR THE BALANCE.

of the male sex, are evinçive of the pow.

ers of the female mind. But, in the dif. agricultural.

play of strong masculine features, BERTHA, QUEEN OF ENGLAND.

They roughen to the sense, and all From tbe ENCYCLOPEDIA.

The winning softness of their sex is lost.”


Bertha, on the other hand, standing a. have been introduced into Britain, either loot from bloody feats of war and from SOM FROM THE EFFECTS OF FROST.

by St. Paul or by some of his companions the mazy walks of politics, displayed, in

and disciples, a few years after the middle her exalted station, the genuine charms HE chevalier de Bienenberg of

of the first century. In the 5th century,

In the 5th century, || and evinced the irrefillable power of te. Prague, we are told, has discovered a me. the Britons, invaded by the Piets and male virtue. On her character, which thod of effectually preserving trees in blos- || Scots, called in the assistance of the Sax.

was purely feminine, the graces shed their som from the fatal effects of those frosts ons, who were led by two brothers, Hen mildest luftre. which sometimes in the spring destroy the gift and Horfa. Those foreign auxiliaries, Possessing the kindeft of hearts ;-blest most promising hopes of a plentiful crop of as might have been expected, after van. with a peculiar sweetness of disposition ; fruit. His method is extremely simple. quishing and expelling the Piets and Scots, she won over, by her amiable manners and He surrounds the trunk of the tree in blor turned their arrows and spears against the engaging address, an idolatrous King and som with a wisp of straw or hemp. The natives ;-dispossessed them of their lands, || Court, the belotted worshippers of the end of this he sinks, by means of a stone tied destroyed the lives of multitudes, and re idol Woden ; and allured them to emtoit, in a vessel of spring water, at a little duced the rest, except those who fled into brace the system of divine truth. In that distance from the tree. One vessel will Comwall and Wales, to the most abjeet exalted woman, the sex beholds equally conveniently serve two trees; or the cord slavery. The Saxon conquerors, who be. an object to admire and a pattern to imi. may be lengthened so as to surround seve. gan in that island a new line of kings, were ral, before its end is plunged into the water. pagans : and they established paganism ; It is necessary that the vessel be placed in which continued predominant, almost four an open situation, and by no means shaded centuries. It was by the influence of a by the branches of the neighbouring trees, Woman, in the first instance, that those that the frost may produce all its effe&ts on idolatrous princes, together with their no

moiscellany. the water, by means of the cord communi. bility and the nation in general, were concating with it.--This precaution is partic-l' verted to the christian faith.

From the N. r. DAILY ADVERTISER. ularly necessary for those trees the flowers Clovis, King of France, in the year 496, of which appear nearly at the same time as embraced christianity, which then begun

GENERIC NAMES the leaves ; which trees are peculiarly ex in that kingdom. In the 9th century, posed to the ravages of the fruft. The Ethelbert, King of England, of the Saxon

FOR THE COUNTRY AND PEOPLE OF THE U. proofs of its efficacy, which he had an op line, married Bertha, the only daughter of

NITED STATES OF AMERICA. portunity of observing in the spring of 1787, Caribert, King of France, who was a de. were remarkably striking. Seven apricot icendant of Clovis. Before Ethelbert was THE portion of terraqueous globe com. elpaliers in his garden began to blossom in

admitted to this alliance, he was obliged to prehended by the great Lakes, the Saint the month of March. Fearing that they ftipulate, that the princess should enjoy || Lawrence, the Ocean and the Misliflippi

, would suffer from the late frosts, he surroun the free exercise of her religion. While || has no general denomination by which it ded them with cords as above directed. In Bertha was zealous for the propagation of can be conveniently distinguished in geog. effect, pretty sharp frosts took place six or christianity, she supported the credit otraphy. Its subdivisions and local names cight nighis: the apricot trees in the neigh

her faith by an irreproachable and amiable are appropriate enough and sufficiently bouring gardens were all frozen, and none

conduet ; and employed every art of in- well understood, But there is still want . of them produced any fruit, whilst each of sinuation and address to reconcile her hus-ing one broad and universal appellation, the chevalier's produced fruit in abund. band to her religious principles. The to designate and characterize the whole apance, which came to the greatest perfec- | fuperiority of her education, the purity of propriated and unappropriated territory of zion.

her morals, and the engaging suavity of the United States.

her manners, gave her an ascendency over It was a great oversight in the ConvenMrs. Exton and family, of New. Jer. Ethelbert ; and, at the same time, render tion of 1787, that they did not give a sey, last year made 800 Cheeses, which fell ed her extremely popular with the cour

name to the country for which they devil. in Philadelphia at the same price as cheese tiers : and thus paved the way for their

ed a frame of goyernment. Its citizens imported from England. They milk 40 reception of the chriftian doctrines.

are suffering every day for lack of such a cows. Their farm is 600 acres, of which the Ethelbert, not suddenly, but after tak-generic term. Destitute of a proper one half is wood land. An example of such ing a confiderable time for examination, name for their own soil and region, they well directed industry & good management renounced paganism and embraced the express themselves vaguely and awkward. may be imitated by others with great advan christian system ; and his courtiers and ly on the subject. By fome it is termed tage ; and shews that farming in the United nobility followed his example.--A most • United States ;" this however is a poStates, when well conducted, is one of the noble conqueft !-a conquest of hearts, | litical, and not a geographical title. By most profitable objects to which a man can for the purpose of forming in them the others it is called " America," and the direct his attention. [Mer. Advertiser.] principles of virtue and piety.

inhabitants "Americans.” But these ep.

with a

ithets equally belong to Labrador and Par- 1| without reference to any particular state, , Never will they quit the hardy contest unaguay and their natives. “ New-England" || may be known and distinguished as til their deeds shall be worthy of being reand “ New Englanders” are two uncouth


corded in immortal verse, equally honour. terms applied by certain other writers and

And that such a person being alked in Eu- / able to the bards and the heroes of FREspeakers. In some parts of Europe, wę

DONIA." have been diftinguished as “ Anglo-Amer rope or any other part of the world, from

The radical word is also well adapted to what country he comes or to what nation icans;" and this appellation is in some respeats worse, and in no respect better than

he belongs, may correctly and precisely songs and rhymes. And this is a great

answer that he is a FREDONIAN. And this || convenience and felicity in a national either of the others.

will meet the ear much more nobly than point of view. Observe, Mr. Editor, how What are we to do ? Are we never to “ a Frenchman, a Spaniard, a Portuguese,”

prettily our poets can make it jingle ; for have a geographical distinction ? Is the

a Turk" and the like.

instance, if the subject is warlike, then land to be forever called “United States,” Again, a monysyllable name is perfect.

" Their Chiefs, to glory lead on and its people " United States-men ?

" The noble sons of FREDON.” ly easy to be obtained from the same root ; And even then, on a supposition that the and to him who thinks the last word too Or if it is moral sublimity, union should cease, must the region it oc- long or lofty, it will be wholly at his op « Nor Plato, in his PHAEDOY cupies be nameless ? tion to call himself

“ Excels the sage of FreDON." It is in the power of the people to find

FREDE; and adopt fitting names for their country

Should it be commercial Adivity, and in this respect he will put himself on a and themselves, by common consent.

« All Nations have agreed on par

“ Mede" and a “ Swede." These ought to be expressive, concise,

“ The Enterprize of Fredon." nervous and poetical. And any new word

Moreover, fhould an adjective be desipossessing these qualities, may serve to de.

red to qualify expressions and facilitate Perhaps then it may refer to our exports; signate this part of the planet we inhabit discourse, there is such a thing imn.edi- | why then - From such a word as a radical term, all || ately ready for use in

“ The Portuguese may feed on others proper for distinguishing the peo.

« The wheat and maize of Fredon."

FREDISH ; ple, &c. may be derived. and thereby, we can speak of " a Fredish It


be desirable to celebrate our AgTo supply this sad deficiency in our geo. || ship,” or a " Fredish-man,” or a “ Fredith riculture, as in the following diftitch, graphical and national nomenclature, the manufacture or production," atter the same

“ No land so good as FREDON following project is respectfully submitted manner and according to the same rule, by

To scatter grain and seed on.” to the confideration of our map-makers, which we employ the adjectives, British, engravers, printers, legislators, and men | Spanish, Danish, Turkish, and the like.

On the supposition that a swain wishes of letters. The authors of it are citizens

to compliment his country-women, he Thus, our nation is in possession of a


inform them that of the United States, and are zealous for prosaic word for its whole territory, Fretheir prosperity, honour, and reputation. DON ; a poetical word for the same, Fre " The graceful Nymphs of FREDON They wish them to possess a name among, DONIA ; a grave and Jonorous generic ti. “ Surpass all Belles we read on." the 'nations of the earth. They lamenttle for its people, property, and relations, And indeed if it is his desire to ejacu. that hitherto and at present the country is FREDONIAN ; a short and colloquial ap

FREDONIAN ; a short and colloquial ap- late in a serious strain, it may be written deftitute of one. pellation FREDE ; and a convenient uni.

" in this fair land of FREDON Let the extent of land ceded to our na versal epithet, FREDISH. A language so " May right and justice be done." tion by the treaty of 1783, be diftinguish - | rich and copious is scarcely to be found; ed henceforward on charts, globes, and in and it is hoped our citizens will make the

We give these as samples of what may elementary books by the name of most of i:.

be accomplished in this way, adding that In case any of our countrymen should

the poet may easily contrast his country FREDON: wish to express himself according to this

with SWEDEN, or to compare it to Eden, the etymology of this is obvious and a. novel dialec, the following is offered as an

if he is puzzled for a rhyme. greeable : it may mean a free-gift ; or a.

On the whole, Mr. Editor, we recomny thing done freely; or the land of free l example: alluding to a recent subject of public discussion.

mend these words to the serious considerprivileges and doings. This is the prop

" It has been a favourite object with a

ation and speedy adoption of our fellow. er term to be employed in all grave, sol. certain class of men to involve Fredon

citizens ; that our common and beloved emn, and profe compositions, and in ordinary conversation. It is better adapted || about the right of deposit on the Mississippi.

It is better adapted || in a war with Spain, France or both of them, portion of the earth, may thereby acquire than " Albion" is to England.

à NAME, and be famous among the NAThe outrageous conduct of the Intendant at


M. If, however, any of the favorites of the

New-Orleans was indeed very provoking, Muses desire a poetical name for this tract

but the FREDONAN SPIRIT, tho'roused by of earth, it is easy to supply them with one

From the VIRGINIA GAZETI E, which sounds and pronounces to great ad- || juft indignation, was too temperate and

magnanimous to rush immediately to arms. vantage. Such an one is

It was thought most wise and politic for the
administration to attempt a negociation in

SHOOTING STARS. which will meet the ear more excellently the first instance, and accordingly, one of than Italia, Gallia, Parthia, Hispania, Ger- the Fredish ships was ordered to be got THIS el-Etrical phenomenon was ob. mania, or even Britania itself.-America in readiness to carry an envoy extraordin. served on Wednesday morning last at Richand Columbia will retain their present sig. | ary from America to Europe. Should mond, and its vicinity, in a manner that anification, of extending to the whole Weit war become necessary for the national hon- larmed many, and astonished every person ern hemisphere.

our and security, our public enemies will who beheld it. From one until three in The citizens and inhabitants of the U. find to their forrow, that the FREDES will the morning, those starry meteors seemed to nited States when spoken of generally, make brave soldiers and gallant sailors.- fall from every point in the heavens, ia


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sucli numbers as to relemble a shower of

and devoured them. A few days face, a sky rockets. The inhabitants happened at

number of the brigand officers came to the the lame hour to be called from their hour.

outer posts of this town with a flag of truce ; es by the fire bell, which was rung on ac

the officers of the town went to meet them count of a fire that broke out in one of the

and invited them to dinner, but the arrange. rooms of the Armoury, but which was

ments they have concluded on are kept le. {peedily extinguithet. Every one, there.

Be it our weekly task,

cret : it is reported, however, that the bri

. fore, hal an opportunity of witnessing a

To note the passing tidings of the times.

gands offer to return to their masters, proscene of nature, which never before was


vided they are assured that they will be se. dilplayed in this part of the globe, and which,

ceived as hirelings, not as slaves. probably will never appear again. Several

hudson, May 17, 1803.

" A French ship arrived off this port, of those shooting meteors were accompa.

and after learning the state of the market, nied wi'h a train ot fire, chat illuminated The followin: gentlemen are chosen di. proceeded with her cargo for Port-au. the sky for a considerable distance. One, rectors of the Bank of Columbia, for the Prince, but was taken in the Bise by bri. in particular, appeared to fall from the Ze ensuing year :

gands, the captain and crew maslacred, and nith, of the apparent size of a ball of eigh Stephen Paddock, President-Reuben the ship burnt to the water's edge. teen inches diameter, that lighted tor sever. Folger, Samuel Edmonds, Eliha Wil. General Rochambeau has removed his al seconds the whole hemisphere. During liams, Benjamin Allen, Samuel B. (Vebb, headquarters to port-au-prince, where le 15 the continuance of this remarkable phenom James Hyatt, Cotton Gelson, William intends to gather all his troops, and march Pa menon, a billing noise in the air was plain. Ashley, Jacob R. Van Rensselaer, Wil. by land to the port ; it is said he will begiam ly head, and several reports, resembling liam iv. Van Ness, Daniel Penfield, || in July, une discharge of a pistol. Had the city | James Nixon, jun.

* The inhabitants seem to be cheerfs! bell not been ringing, these reports would

and every thing wears a more favorable as. probably have seeined much louder. The


peet. Trade begins to flourish and I am in sky was remarkably clear and ferene, and

hopes, in a short tiine, every thing will be the viable fixed stars numerous the whole The Norfolk Herald of the 5th init. more tranquil."

Ibid. night. We are anxious to know at what ftates, that by the brig Favorite, capt. Fre. distance from Richmond this phenomenon lyer, from Bourdeaux, in 35 days, which ar. OF AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. has extended. It is hoped ihat persons | rived on the 3rd, letters are received, an Several gentlemen from Newburyport who have remarked it in other places, will || nouncing the arrival of Mr. Monroe at

since the date of the last paper, printed na not neglect to inform the public of the par. Havre. The ship Richmond in which Mr.

that place, inform, that the intelligence liculars ; as such information may add, in Monroe went, laied from this port on the a great degree, to the knowledge of Mete

brought by Capt. Rutheford, inflead ol 8.h of March--the must consequently have

announcing the actual declaration of War orology. performed her voyage in about 22 drs.

between France and England, goes notarSince writing the above, we have been

[Evening Pol.] ther than that he was informed, the British informed, that leveral of the larget of these

would have 70 fail of the line in readiness, fhooting meteors, were observed to descend A letter was received in town this morn

in case of actual war. They likewise adi almost to the ground before they exploded. |ing from Salem, which mentions the arri.

that the veifel fpoken had been out 36, 10. Indeed, many of thole which we law, ap val of the ship Franklin at that port from

stead of 33, days. peared to approach within a few yards of the Cape of Good-Hope, which place she

Positive testimony of War is yet but ily. the house tops, and then suddenly lo vanish. lele the 8ih of March, and that the capt. Some persons, we are told, were so alarmed, Nates that " The Cape was given up to the

ing report. The Cabinet of St. Jame's is

fill clofed, and Ministers are extremely re. that they imagined the fire in the Armoury Dutch on the 21st of February.

served on this interesting queftion. The was ocosioned by one of these meteors, and


fituation of either country, and particularly in place of repairing to extinguilh the earth

the political arrangements made, and about ly flames, they busied themselves in contri. The captain of the schooner Factor, from

to be put in execution, between France & ving to protect the roofs of their houses | Aux-Cayes, informs that when he left that

Spain, are by no means of a pacific ten! froin the fire of heaven. quarter every plantation in the plain had

dency :—and we may venture to predici

, The circumstance of the shooting stars been burnt by the negroes. A few days

that a permanent effablished Peace is yet descending within a short distance of the before th: vessel sailed, an attack was made

diftant. The detention of Malta, contra. ground, is however, a fact highly impor on the French troops shut up in Aux Ty to the flipulation of Amiens, is said to i ant to be known; as it has been generally Cayes; but the assailants were severely re

be the oftensible obječt of contention; bu supposed, that meteors only proceed in a pulled. Two hundred men arrived there

the policy of the British Cabinet, has ue. horizontal direction, and never fly perpen. from Tiberon on the ed April, and 500 doubtedly a speculation under consultation dicularly upwards or downwards.' Those more on the day following. Aux.Cayes | far more important to them, and fill more which we particularly remarked, appeared was surrounded on all sides by the insur-alarming to the ambitious projects of tt. to descend in an angle of fixty degrees with genis.


First Consul, than the simple question re! the horizon ; but as the smaller ones were

pecting that Ifand. The cestion of Lou so numerous, and crossed each other in dil Extrait of a letter from our correspondent | Jiana by Spain to France, is a subje&t by ferent dire&tions, it was only posible to al. at Cape Francois, dated April 5.

no means indifferent to the British Gor. certain with any precision, the paths of the " A great number of Blood Hounds lately ernment; and however it may be considlargest and most brilliant.

arrived here from the Havanna; and some ered, as it respects the United States, we prisoners that have been made, acknowl may rest affured that they will not paflive

edge that this intelligence has spread con ly submit that so extensively a territory -Be afraid of him who

fternation and dismay among the Brigands. Thould fall into the hands of their imperimeets you with friendly aspect, and, in some who were condemned to death, were ous rival ; and that their American prov. the midst of a flattering falutation, avoids taken into an open field, where these dogs il inces should be so immediately under the your direct open luok.-Lavaler. sere let loose, who tore them in pieces, il control of the same nation, from whose pos.

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feffion they were formerly wrered by the magnanimous and just, was new or impos In fort Louisianians, you will find in superior energy of the British arins. The fible :-who, to the talent of achieving your Chief Judge, genius, impartiality, and poliestion of Louisiana, by the French, is the most splendid vi&tories, united the more disinterelledness. He comes to you already certainly a subject of serious consequence extraordinary one of combining and secur. known by the fame of his talents, by his fuf. to the English settlements at Quebec and ing to them the most happy consequences : || fenings and misfortunes. Novascotia ; and Bonaparte may have oc who, by the ascendancy of his mind com. Under every circumstance you will have casion to obtain the consent of England as manded at once terror from hisenemies and reason to rejoice at having become French, well as Spain, before he can take quiet confidence from bis allies :---who, by his

confidence from bis allies :---who, by his you will daily feel inore and more the valpotefion [Boston Gazette.] penetrating genius, disuriminated the true ue of that, fplendid title, the objeet of the

interests of his country, and, by an irrefift. envy of the whole globe. A Jate letter from a respectable mercan able will, gave operation to those interests:

We know, nevertheless, Louisianians, tile house in London, contains the follow- i --who, in fine, was born to replace France and will not citlinulate it, that during thiring observations on the present state of po on her own balis, to establish her in the l 'y years, Spain, by the temperance of a litical affairs between the Governments of whole extent of her limits, and to erase all generous and mild government, lias endeav. France and England : “A meslage was the blemishes of her history.

oured to make you forget the grievous fault sent on Sunday to Bonaparte with the ulti This man, Louisianians, presides over of an unworthy agent of this noble nation matum of our Court, which is believed to our destinies. From this moment he is the -She is our close and faithful friend :. It be, that in confequence of the frequent in pledge of your happiness. To lecure this, will not be us who will inftigate you to refraâion of the Treaty of Amiens, by the in this fortunate foil, it is only necessary to pay her mildness with ingratitude. We French in Switzerland, and their annexing ailift the prodigality of nature. This is the wili endeavor, by acts of munificence, to Piedmont and Parma io France, we teli || design of the French government.

erulate the policy of the Cbiet the had giv. authorised and determined to retain Malia, To cultivate peace and friendship with en you. Your attachment for the French and to in Gift that New-Orleans and Louiha || all your neighbours ; to protect your com Republic, our common country ; your na thall be relored to Spain, or given up to merce, encourage your agriculture, people grairude to those who protect you, and the the United States of America lo that the your deserts ; foster industry, respect pro. daily fight of your growing prosperity, are navigation of the Milflippi fhall on no perty, customs and opinions ; pay rever. the objects which we shall aim at ; with a account be left in the power of France." ence to religion ; to honour virtue ; to se. zeal and alliduity, which only can be limi

Ibid. cure to the laws their sovereignty, and to ied by the fulfilinent of all our duties and

correct them only as the light of experi. || all our wishes. The following curious article, (says the ence may dictate ; to introduce permanent New Orleans, the 11th year of the French Republie. Gazette of the United States) forms a ve. order and economy in all the branches of

L'AUSSATT. ry appropriate comment on' Don Mar the public adminiftration ; to unite still

By the Colonial Prefect, quis's hand-kisling note to our Secretary closer the ties which the fame origin, the

The oilicer of administration, acting as Secretary. of State. same morals, the fame dispositions have cre.

DAUGEROT. ated between this colony and the mother From the PHILADELPHIA GAZETTE. country ; these, Louisianians, are the hon

ourable objects of the mission of your cap(TRANSLATION.]

tain general Victor, your colonial prefect

and your chief judge. These, they are PROCLAMATION.

The Knot. happy to say, are the motives with which In the name of the French Republic,

they come io mix with you. L'AUSSAT, Colonial Prefect,

The reputation of the Captain Genera! TO THE LOUISIAN LANS. has doubless even here preceded him. Your separation from France marks one Companions in arms with the First Consul,

MARRIED, of the most shameful epochs of her annals, he distinguished himself, from the com

In this city, Sunday evening last, Capt. Rev. under an enfeebled and corrupt govern. mencement of the campaign of the famous

Bex More to Miss Hepza Huzzey, both of ment, after an ignominious war, and a dif armies of Italy. In less brilliant days, he

Hudson graceful peace. astonished Suwarrow by precipitating his

At Reading, Connecticut, Rev. Bethel JUDD, To that cowardly and unnatural aban. flight: He was in fine, one of the lieuten.

rector of Christ church, in this city, to Miss MARdopment, you presented the contrast of he ants of Bonaparte, at the battle of Maren

GARET HERON, daughter of William Heron, Esq. roic love, fidelity and courage. go! Surrounded with these cilles, the il.

of that place. The hearts of all Frenchmen were soften

luftrious pledge of his fame, he comes to ed by the spectaclç. They never let it flip you, Louisianians, with a lively desire of their remembrance. They then exclaim? rendering himself dear to you, by the exer. ciles of all the virtues, the cares, and indus.

Tbe knell. ed, with pride, and have never lince cealed

try, which devolve on the chief of a hapto repeat, that the blood of France runs in

py people. His ardour for your prosperi. your veins.

DROWNED, iy, the uprightnels of his intentions, the a As soon as they had regained their digni. I greeableness and affability of his address

On Friday last, by the oversetting of a small

skiff on Hudson's river, Pnilir MURPHEY, a ly and their glory, by the revolution and

and manners, which are even ornaments to a train of prodigious triumphs, they turned

young man belonging to this city. his military laurels, will secure to him your towards you their affectionate attention. affection and confidence. He brings with You constituted a part of their first nego

him a part of those troops who have made ciation. They wished your retrocession to the earth tremble, even to these remote

To Correspondents. accompany and signalize their

first peace. shores. Batavia, since the peace, has adThe time was not yet arrived. It was mired their good condu&t and excellent The communication, under the signature of necessary that a man should appear, to discipline. You may like her admire and " Parvus Hoxo," is, for cogent reasons, inad. whom nothing which is natural, great, fefeem them.


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The Tareath.

[From the first Volume of the Gazette of the

United States, which a friend has obligingly loaned us, we copy the following extract :-)


THRICE happy age, the youthful Poet cries,
Ere laws arose, ere tyrants bade them rise ;
When all were blest to share a common store,
And none were proud of wealth, for none were

poor ;
No wars, no tumults vext each still doniain,
No thirst of empire, no desire of gain ;
No proud great man, nor one who would be great,
Drove modest Merit from its proper state ;
Nor into distant climes would Avarice roam,
To fetch delights for Luxury at home :
Bound by no ties but those by nature made,
Virtue was law, and gifts prevented trade,

Mistaken youth ! each nation first was rude,
Each man a chearless son of solitude,
To whom no joys of social life were known,
Nor felt a care that was not all his own ;
Or in some languid clime his abject soul
Bow'd to a little tyrant's stern controul ;
A slave, with slaves his monarch's throne he rais'd ;
And in rude song his ruder idol prais'd ;
The meaner cares of life were all he knew,
Bounded his pleasures, and his wishes few :
But when by slow degrees the Arts arose,
Taught by some conquering friends, who came as


[The following anecdote is humbly Jub

mitted to the confideration of those

credulous and well-meaning democrats, Mr. LEDYARD, a native of Connect

who have been talked into a belief that icut, who traversed some of the most dre.

their taxes are lightened.] ary regions of Russia, in a letter to Doctor Hely Hutchinson, late provoft of Trinity Ledyard of Long-Iland, wrote as fol. || College, and farlier of Dublin, on bis first lows.

introduction into the Irish parliament, de. • You have no idea of the excessive

livered a {peech of considerable length on cold in the region of Siberia. By exper

the rapid increase of the prosperity of Ire. imients that I made at Yakutsk, 'I found || land.-Counsellor Castello, a member of on the 19th of November the mercury in

the same parliament, liftened with great my thermometer froze. In December 1

attention to the young orator's flowery dec. found by repeated oblervations, that two

lamation ; and when he had done, the coun. ounces of clear quicksilver openly expos.

fellor got up, and expressed the satisfaction ed, froze hard in fifteen minutes. 1 ob

he felt on hearing that his native country served that in these severe froits, the air

was in such a flourishing state." When," was condensed, as is with you in a thick

added he, " that youthful senator got up to fog--the atmosphere is frozen-respiration | fpeak, I had three halfpence in my pocket, is fatiguing &c. It is a happy law of na

and I am sure they must be three guineas ture, that in such intense cold there is lel now !--Let me see.”-On which he put dom any wind—when there is, it is dan.

his hand into his pocket, pulled them out, gerous to be abroad.

and, having looked at them for a mo

ment, exclaimed, “Oh, by my 1,
" There are no wells at Yakutsk ; for it they are half-pence ftill !"
is found by experiment that the water free-
zes at (ixty feet deep. People of these re-
giuris are therefore obliged to use ice and

snow. They have allo ice windows-
glass is of no use to the few who have it ;

FRANCIS, King of France, having the difference in the state of the air, with.

been defeated in battle and taken prilin and without, is so great, that the glass is

oner, in the year 1525, wrote a letter to covered on the inside with several inches

his queen, which contained only these of frost, and in that situation it is less lu

tew words, “ Madam, all is loft, except minous than ice. The timber of the hou.

our honour." ses splits and opens with loud cracksthe rivers thunder, and open with broad filures--all nature groans beneath the rig TERMS OF THE BALANCE. orous winter."

To City Subscribers, Two Dollars and fifty cents,

payable in quarterly advances. ORIGIN OF THE ORDER OF THE GARTER.

To Country Subscribers, who receive their papers

at the office, Two Dollars, payable as above. IN ihe year 1349, the Countess of Salif

To those who receive them by the mail, Two bury a millress of Edward III. happened || Dollars, exclusive of postage, payable in advance. at a court-ball to drop ber garter ; and the

À handsome title-page, with an Index or Table King taking it up, exclaimed, Honi foit

of Contents, will be given with the last number qui male pense;" " evil to him that evil

of each volume.
thinks." In memorial of this trivial e-
veni, he insituted the order of the garter,

Advertisements inserted in a conspicuous and and

handsome manner, in the Advertiser which accors gave the foregoing words as the motto of the order. It is the most dignified or.

panies the balance. der in England. Only twenty-five per

Complete files of the first volume, which have sons besides the King were originally ad

been reserved in good order for binding, are for sale mitted ; and the number has never been

-Price of the volume, bound, Two Dollars and ff. increased.

ty cents-unbound, Two Dollars. The whole may be sent, stitched or in bundles, to any post office in

the state, for 52 cents postage ; or to any post-ofLOYALTY.

fice in the union for 78 cents.

foes ;

When Commerce, rising from the bed of ease,
Ran round the land and pointed to the seas ;
When Emulation, born with jealous eve,
And Avarice, lent their spurs Industry ;
Then one by one the numerous laws were made,
Those to controul, and these to succour trade ;
To curb the insolence of rude command,
To sna:ch the victim from the Usurer's hand,
To awe the bold, to yield the wrongd redress,
And feed the poor with Luxury's excess.

Like some

vast flood, unbounded, fierce, and

His nature leads ungovern'd men along;
Like mighty bulwarks inade to stem that tide,
The laws are form'd, and plac'd on every side ;
When e'er it breaks the bounds by these decreed,
New statutes rise, and stronger laws siicceed ;
More and more gentle grows the dying stream,
More and more strong the rising bulwarks seem :
Till, like a niiner working sure and slow,
Luxury creeps on, and ruins all below ;
The basis sinks, the ample piles decay,
The stately fabric shakes and falls away ;
Primæval Want and Ignorance come on,
But Freedom, sovereign boon of life, is gone.

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