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the most venomous calumnies from the Some men have been able to crush the

presses of hireling foreigners ;--your liberties of a nation at a single blow.FOR THE BALANCE.

zeal against the abuse of public men and " When Bonaparte, says D'Ivernois, had measures was dormant. Who ever heard

suppressed eighty newspapers, he-affirmed you exclaim that the presses were, at those that now the liberty of the press had fucNo. III.

periods, licentious ? Did they not receive ceeded to its licentiousness." Perhaps TO AMBROSE SPENCER, Esq. your warm approbation and applaufe ?

you also may have cherished the idea that Did you not snuff the scent of murdered

the true liberty of the press, in this counNE of the brilliant gems in reputations, wich ineffable delight ? try, is the liberty of printing and publishyour character is a singular versatility of The press was then, in your opinion, the || ing exclusively on your own side : yet it mind, bending with peculiar ease and fe bulwark of our national freedom : it was would require considerable art and manlicity to the changes of times and circum the holy ark, which you deemed too fa. agement for you to bring matters to this fances and to the interests of party. A cred to be touched. But mark your boaft- pafs. You have not the arm of a Bonafhort time only has elapsed since you were ed consistency! The federal administra parte ; and fhould therefore have remem. a zealous and a doughty champion for the tion has been demolished by the batteries

bered the advice of Voltaire, “Strike, uncontrouled freedom of the press.-- of infernal calumny ; Mr. Jefferson bas but hide your hand.But, forgetting 10 When Washington was accused of em fucceeded to the chair of state ; and him temper your zeal, you have alarmed the bezzling the public money, and was de. you would invest with the same privileges public without effe&ing your purpose.nounced as “the source of the misfor

of sacred inviolability which are allowed The principle that you have aimed to eltunes of our country ;” as the man who to the monarch of Great-Britain. Truth

tablish would, if established, be a deathhad “ given currency to political iniquity | itself, uttered against an elective officer, blow to public liberty ; it would be more and had legalised corruption ;" who had the executive of this republican nation, is,

calamitous to this nation than an earth. "cankered the principles of republican- | forsooth a libel : nay, it has been confi. quake that should swallow up towns and ism in an enlightened people, and carried | dently and loudly asserted that “the great cities. Was it your aversion to George bis designs against the public liberty so far

er the truth, the greater is the libel.": the third that caused you to reject the as to put in jeopardy its very existence :"

From the dark tomb of antiquity has late modern cuitom and usage of Britain, in When Adams was called “ a hoary head. || ly emerged the long exploded mnonkih cases of libels, and to explore the annals ed traitor," and was charged with the mur. doctrine of pakve obedience : an attempt of antiquity ? Or do you not well know der of Jonathan Robbins : When Jay, is making to deify this haggard spectre ; that any civil officer who should have than whom a purer patriot does not live, and you yourself (a hater of priests) are urged in England, ten years ago, the fame was overwhelmed with torrents of the most offering to minister, as high priest, be flavish principle which you have laiely malignant flander, and was denounced as fore her altar.

urged in this republican country, would a miscreant who had facrificed the interests

Your polinical machine of European

have been overwhelmed with qublic inof his country for British gold : When

construction has, however, been put in | dignation ?--Hume has with great proPickering was charged of robbing the pub- || fo furions a motion that it has already re

priety remarked, “ The English ought to lic treasury of millions of dollars : When coiled forceably upon the hand that heid

be cautious of appealing to the practice Wolcott was accused of burning the war

of their ancestors, or regarding the maxoffice to hide the villainy of the officers :

ims of uncultivated ages as certain rules

." As some musquets so contrive it, When almost every federal man, whose

As oft to miss the mark they drive at,

for their present conduct.” And fill Itation, talents and lustre of character, ren And though well aim'd at duck or plover, more dangerous, and infinitely more ab. dered him conspicuous, was affailed with Bear wide and kick their owners over.”

furd it is for our nation to recur to the an

it ;


cient and barbarous practices and maxims ¡ling the president who is an elective ofli. | therefore, (the conftitution of the United of a monarchy and to use them in the gov cer, and, according to your own creed, is Siates being the supreme law of the land,) ernment and police of our free republic. | merely a fervant of the people, which cus. any acts or laws of particular states, which Yet this you have attempted to do. What tom and usage have affixed to a libel on militate with it, are null and void. a curious spectacle has the public lately the king of Great Britain, whose office is You will consider this and the forego. bebeld !—The consistent, the patriotic permanent and hereditary, and who is con ing addresses as an introduction to a much Ambrose Spencer, who, “lives and movesititutionally the sovereign of the people. more extensive correspondence, should and has his being" for the good of the peo

And is it certain that an atteinpt to pun.

circumstances render it necessary. It was ple, producing from the cells of monks, ifh a supposed libel against the adminiftra my design to canvals the most prominent from the multy and worm-eaten records of tion of the union, by means of the Bri instances of your whole political conduct, dark ages, a royal statute that, centuries tish cominon law, is not a violation of the during several of the last years. The sub . ago, was obsolete, and aiming to use it as conftitution ?- The jurisdiction of the fed- lject is fertile, and would afford much in. an engine to crush the press. Alas, for eral government and of the state govern. struction and some amusement : for the your disappointment ! How are the ments are distinct and separate, and can present, however, it is suspended ; and its mighty fallen!"

not interfere with each other without affumpion or final relinquishinent will de. You ironically tell your reader not to breeding horrible confusion. When the

pend on your future conduct. laugh at me : and what is the ridiculous conftitution of this state was formed, and

EZRA SAMPSON. initance of my conduct to which you al

the British common law was incorporated lude ?---It is my disclaiming any connee

with the stare.code, the constituent contion with the Wasp, and yet efpoufng the

vention could have had no idea of apply. cause ot its editor. This you would rep- ing that common law, as a shield to the

From a publication in obe Recorder signed Federalist. resent as an evidence of the vileft by poc. president of the U.States ; because the federrily. The base infinuation I defpile and

al constitution and its officers did not then DURING the last year of the adminis. indignantly repel; and confidently claim, exift. The conftitution expressly says, tration of Mr. Adams, certain publications

* Exceflive bail shall not be required, nor in this as in all other instances, the char

appeared in the paper called ihe Aurora, acter of consistency and integrity of con

excessive fines imposed :" and does not over the head of which there appeared in dict. It is true that the Walp had nei.

this inhibition exclude the operation of the capital letters, these words, ther patronage nor encouragement from British common law, which leaves it in

PUBLIC PLUNDER. me ; and it is also true that I have been the power of the court to require bail and In these publications, there were positive one among thousands of freemen, who

to impose fines, according to its own pleaf. aflertions, accompanied by a statement in would hield the editor from the arm of vi

ure? The constitution alto provides that figures, accusing, and explaining the preolence that has been uplifted to crush and

the accused - thall have compulsory pro. tended frauds which had been committed destroy him. The manner of conducting cess for obtaining witnesses in his favour." upon the public, by the persons who then

administered the government, and conduct. his prosecution, and the political piincipielis it in the power of the court before you advanced in the course of ihat busi.

which you have prosecuted, to grant such ed the treasury. And they were so con. ne!s, affect deeply the intereit, not merely

compullory process," beyond the limits trived, that every man who did not know of an individual or of editors in general,

of this slate?-Certainly it is not. The that the whole was a fabrication, believed but of all the freemen in the United Siates.

convention of the state of New York, when that the public had been defrauded out of Curious indeed is the method you take

it adopted the federal constitution, annex. more than 500 000 dolls. The fabrication to wipe off the stain otinconsistency ("rea

ed to the adoptive act the following decla. was so contrived, as to fix this suspicion up. der, do not laugh") from yourself. You ought'vot to be violated, or reftrained.' ration, " that the freedom of the press on Mr. Adams, Mr. Pickering, and Mr.

Wolcott. The mode in which the fabrica. opposed the Sedition law on the principle | And such was the public jealouly respect-tors aĉted, was as follows. One of the that it was unconftitutional ; whereas the British common law, you think, happily mendment has been added to the consti

clerks of Mr. Wolcott's office was debauching this very important point that an a.

ed from his duty. accords with our republican constitution.

He introduced into the It is, however, well known that the Sedi

tution, ordaining that " Congress shall treasury office, (or conveyed the treasury tion law was denounced as not merely un

make no law abridging the freedom of books to some other place) five or fix of the conftitutional, but as oppre slive and tyran.

speech, or of the preis.' But it the offi. Pennsylvanian democrats, to whom these

cers of particular states are invested with | books were exposed. mical. Now if that law were tyrannical, the power vi carrying the terrors of the the charges for money which appeared on

books were exposed. They took down all the common law is fureiy much more fo : if the former would huve cballised peo

British common law into the district of the books against Pickering, &c. amountple with whips, the latter will chalife

the federal governmeri, and of punishing ing to about 700,000 dolls, more or less. them with carpions. Under the Scdi imprisonment at pleasure, this constitu;

what they deem to be libels with fine and | They paid no regard to credits, nor to the lion law, ihe accused might justity by tional shield to the ireedom of speech and

knowledge which every one of them had,

that much of the money was assigned to proving the allegations charged : the common luw allow's not this priviege, but and furile. of the press is rendered utterly ineffe cual Mr. P. for the purpose of paying a debe

which the U. States owed in Holland, tho' punimnes truth itself as a libel. The Se. dition law gure to the punishment of fine 'l yourself, whether a ftate profecution. in

Ponder these points, and seriously ask they knew that it would be perfe&tly imand imprisonment certain limits, which it

proper to allow any credit upon the books was not in the power of the courts to ex

common law, for a supposed libel againk | to Mr. P.until the payments, and other pur

the executive of the United States, be not ceed ; the common law leaves the accused

poses for which the money was advanced, to be punished at the discretion of the contrary to the spirit and inteniion of the were fully exemplified. All this has since

federal corftitution. To support that con- been done. Mr. P. ftands acquitted; nay, court, which has power to make him a ftitution you are solemnly bound by your more, it appears that he negociated the payprisoner, seven years or even durirg life, oath of office. It is expreisly declared, for publishing what he knows and can

ments in Holland with so much ability and in the instrument itself, to be the supreme fidelity, that he saved in the p ice or rate prove to be truth. The latter metes out

law of the land ; and as fuch, it has been of exchange more than 14000 dolls, which the same mealure of puniihment for libel- | adopted and received by the people : il fum he voluntarily gave an accouüt of and


We had prepared an article of some length, to refu:e the slanders against Major Ten Broecis, which were published in the last Bee; but being informed that Mr. Helt has agreed to publish the following certificates and receipt, accompanied wila a suitable retraction and apology, we forbear to make use of the advantages which are in our hands for destroying the reputation of the Bee. By merely republishing half a column from the Bee of last week, we could fix a stain on Holt's editorial char. acter, that neither years of repentance nor whole columns of apology could wipe away.

But we forbear. We disdain to take advantage of a fallen enemy. Our only object has been to dest nd an honest and injured man. This cbject we have steadily pursued, until our antagonists are compelled to acknowledge that our statements have been perfectly correct, and that theirs have been erroneous. We, therefore, treat with silent contempt the abuse which the Bee has bestowed on curselves. We have discharged our duty to the public, and to Major Ten Broeck ; and when Holt has honestly done the same, his conscience will be relieved from an oppressive load.

The subjoined copies will shew, tiat Major Ten Broeck is not a public delinquent; bat that he paid every cent tha: 'was due from him to the treasury, inimediatcly after he had ascertained the amount :

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surrendered to the public. The friends of that it could hardly have been expected that he Mr. P. were aftonished that he should have would retalia e upper the printer in the manner he borne in silence such defamatory publica has. Besides, the junior-editor had suficient rea. tions. The reason was this. The money was son to believe that Mr. Spencer was, in a consideraappropriated to effect certain duties; as for ble degree, a lover of slander ; that he could swalinstance, the purchase of bills of exchange. | low calumny with a pretty good relish-nay, that If Mr. P. had defended himself against the he could even seast on detraction. Of these reasons defamation, and itated that the money was the reader shall be informed :--At the time that appropriated for purchasing bills of ex. Thomas Paine's second or third letter (it is not re. change, he could at once have silenced the

collected which) first arrived in Hudso:1, Mr. Spenstory about public plunder ; but he would cer was in the Post-Ollice, with two or three of his at the same time have exposed the secrets democratic companions (it would be a burlesque to of government. The dealers in exchange call them his friends.) The jurior editor of the would have discovered that the public Balınce was also there. Mr. Spencer took up the wanted a large sum in bills upon Amsterdam. National Intelligencer, and, iurning to his followers The exchange upon such would have risen, observed, “ Here is ano:her letter from Mr. Paine and instead of gaining 14000 doils. as has --come, gen:lemen, walk down to Holi's and hear been done, he might have acted as Gal it read it will be an excellent treiit before vinner." latin has done in a similar negociation, Mr. Spencer need not deny this fact. It was laid up so that the public might have been very at the time, as a precious memorandum ; and it is greatly injured.

now brought forward to slew that neither a haired
of siander, nor a regard for the public good, actua.
ted him in his attack on the press. It is ridiculous

for Mr. Spencer to lay any claim to decency, as
Balance Closet.

long as the above fact stands recorded against him.

What ! can the man abhor licentiousness, who de.

clares that the villainous and abominable letters of
Tom Paine are an excellent treat for gentlemen be.

fore dinner? No, no-the thing is impossible. No.

A CITIZEN who has had the misfortune to fall

body will believe it. Mr. Spencer's professions of under the displeasure of such an Attorney.General

regard for the honor and dignity of the nation,

have become stale and unavailing. The mask of as was mentioned in the supposed case in our last, has but little reason to hope for favor or mercy. He

patriotism which he, for obvious reasons, has put

on, only serves to set off, in darker colours, that may think himself fortunate if he obtains justice. When a public officer, possessing the power and

hideous figure of tyranny and ambition whieh it infuence of an Attorney.General, has the presump

scarcely half conceals. tion to draw up a bill of indictment in his own of.

REVOLUTION OF WORDS. fice, before court-time-- when he so far overleaps the duties of his office, and intrudes upon the rights

In the fluctuations of the English language, sev. of his fellow-men, as to qui inte the hands of a

eral words have entirely changed their original sheriff a list of the persons to be summoned as

significations ;

; among which are the words knave grand.jurors and when these grand-jurors so far

and villain. The word knave formerly signified lose sight of dignity and independence, as to be

neither more nor less than a servant. In a very an. come the dupes and humble tools of the Attorney. General-then, indeed, must the citizen tremble for

cient translation of that part of the Bible called the his liberty. The time may soon arrive, when he

new testament, one of Paul's episiles begins thus,

· Paul a knace of Jesus Christ.” The word knave will be compelled to mourn its loss. For, if party. spirit is once permitted to creep into our courts,

now means a man, who is either dishonest in money. and usurp the seat of justice, not even the name

dealings or else makes use of imposing arts and de. of liberty will remain.

ceptive intrigues to accomplish his purposes. For To those who are acquainted wiih the pulitical

instance, political hypocricy, or sham-patriotism, is character of the Attorney-General of this state, it

really and properly a species of knavery, as well as will not appear surprizing that he should be driven swindling and cheating in money transactions. about by prejudice and passion. He is well known

The word villain was not originally indicative to be similar to a leaden ballet-heavy and harmless, of any species of roguery. It was, some few cenexcept when put in motion by the fire and brim. turies ago, an appellation or common name for stone of his passions.

whole classes of people. Tenants, tradesmen, com. Mr. Spencer had taken considerable time to ma mon citizens, and indeed the people generally who ture his pları for arresting and silencing the junior

were not exalted by office or rank, were called vil editor of this paper ; and yet he had proceeded

lains in pablic writings, and even in the national with so much cunning and secrecy, that no sus

acts. This word also has suffered a degradation ; picions were entertained of his intentions. Indeed, and there is now always associated with it the idea it might have been supposed, that he would be the of some species of moral turpitude. last man in the world, to lay a restraint upon the As it is very difficult to recover a good character press. It is true that he had been once or twice that has been once lost, it is improbable that those mentioned ina no very respectful manner in the pub. two words, especially as they have so long associalication entitled “The Wasp ;” but he always af ted with bad company, will ever regain the charfec:ed to treat such things with so much disdain, acter originally attached to them.

[Copies.] “ WE the subscribers, do certifv, that “ we have seen, in the hands of John C. “ Ten Broeck, the bond given by him, " Daniel Penfield and Cotton Gelitun, " to the United States, for the faithful “ performance of the duties of Collector “ of the internal revenue, by the said

John C. Ten Broeck ; and that the fol.

lowing receipt and certificate, the for“ mer signed by Edward Livingston, and " the latter by Daniel Penfield, are true

copies of the originals, endorsed on the " said bond. Dated at Hudson, 15th April, 1803. (Signed) " DAVID LAWRENCE,


" New York, January 220, 1803, Re" ceived from Daniel Penfield, twenty“ fix hundred and eighty. tour dollars and

six cents, in fuil for the wiihin bond, “ which is hereby delivered over and as

signed to him, for his security against " the principal and the other surety in "6 the fame. (Signed) " EDW. LIVINGSTON.

Attorney U. S.” January 28th, 1803, the sum paid by me, above specified, was duly citled " between me the subscriber, anri Cotton

Gelston one of the fureties wii!... men. " tioned, and the within nained John C. “ Ten Broeck. I do, therefore, release " and discharge the within bond, and hereby cancel the same. (Signed) “ DANIEL PENFIELD.”

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ous truth involving many important consid.

erations, that are deeply interesting to nian
kind, and very nearly connected with their
present welfare, and future happiness. Un-

The following CIRCULAR LETTER from the Hon. der these impressions, and feeling much

Fohn Stanley, Member of Congress from the

State of North Carolina, to his Constituents, exfolicitude for the real good of our fellow. citizens, we are engaged thus to address

hibits a candid, just, and concise statement of the them.

proceedings of our National Legislature during agricultural.

the last session. A review of the transactions of In contemplating the multiplied blessings

this body should be frequently had, for their act: with which our country has been, and con. FROM THE AMERICAN MUSEUM.

of folly and weakness have been so multifarioas, tinues to be favoured, we are led to considthat

and have proceeded in such rapid succession, that er, great are the obligations we are un

those which are passed are obliterated in the conder to the bountiful Dispenser of all good,

sideration of those constantly arisingMr. Stan. and loud the call to gratiinde and thankful

ley has presented this subject in a manner which ness of heart ;-a disposition incumbenton

will deservedly command the attention of every HE currant-bush, though a every rational being, as an acknowledg.

one, solicitous for the concerns of the country. shrub that grows almost spontaneously, rement for the goodnels of God;-a disposi.

[Gazette U. Siates ] quires nevertheless some dresling ; in re

tion on which may be founded the reason. gard to which the following directions may

able hope of his continued favour; as hisbe of service. tory and our own observation furnish am

CITY OF WASHINGTON, Plant them round the quarters in your liple proof, that in every age of the world

March 1, 1803. garden, that they inay have the benefit of

ihose individuals, or that people have been
the favourites of heaven, and the peculiar

the dung and culture annually bestowed
thereon, which will consequently make

heirs of its bleflings, who have not followed AT the clofe of a session of congress, I the berries large and the juice rich. The cunningly devised fables, but substantial cannot feel that I have discharged my du. sed currant is preferable to the white, as

truth ; whose concern it has been to glorify ty un'il I have informed those whose inter. yielding richer juice, and in much the Divine Being, by walking before him ells I represent, of such proceedings as quantity.

in .truth, chooling the good, and turning | may concern them to know. This duty I Take the most luxuriant slips or shoots

from evil ; and while we view this as the now meet with pleasure. In discharging of a year's growth, set tliem in the ground

medium through which we may with con it, I shall avow the opinions I have enter. about eight inches deep, and not less than

fidence look for the continued blessings of tained, with the fame candor and freedom, twenty-four distant from each other; thele heaven, we are sorrowfully affected in ob. with which I have given them here : per

fuaded that next to an honest exertion of never tail of taking root, and generally serving the abundant evils that are, (and it begin to bear in two years. For the rest,

is to be teared some of them increasingly) the mind to decide right, an independent let them, from sime, be treated as espali- | prevalent in our country, ; all having a di communication of sentiment is the most ers (but not against a wall) observing to rect tendency, more or less, to impair the acceptable offering from a representative

to his constituents. keep the routs, especially in the spring of morals of the people, and lead from the the year, free from fuckers and grass.

paths of piety and virtue : and although The attention of congress was early callThis treatinent is the more necessary, as we do not apprehend it our present business

ed to a “violation on the part of Spain, of the goodness of the wine in a great degree

to enumerate many of those that are as the depends on their having the full benefit bane of society, and very injurious in their

the treaty between the United States and of the sun and air, to maturate and give nature and effects to such asgive way there

the king of Spain." To understand this

businels, you will recollect, that Spain the berries a proper balsamic quality, by to, a::d also extremely debaling to man ;

holding the territory on the Welt of the exhaling a due proportion of their acid l yet, there a:e some of them so seriously impreflive on our minds as to claim a place in Mexico, and on the east of the Miltislip

Millilippi, extending to the Gulph of watry particles.

this addres.
The common, but very pernicious prac.

pi fouth of the southern boundary of the

United States, in the 31 deg. of N. latitude, tice of Horseracing, we consider to be an evil that einbraces many other vices, and is

is consequently proprietor of both fides the onitorial Departmcnt.

mouth of the river. The great difficulty, certainly a great nuitance in a well-ordered civil society, it having a natural tendency,

and in faćt the impossibility at some sealous To aid the cause of virtue and religion. by corrupting the mind, gradually to open

vi ascending the river Millislippi in sea vel. the way to many other vicious habiis. We

sels to a height convenient to receive the 1 An excellent address from the late general may also subjoin the cruel diversion of may also subjoin 'the, cruel diversion of vinced the United States of the necessity of

produce of our Western States, had con meeting, at New.York, of the people called Cockfighting, with other amusements of a Quakers, having been handed us by a friend, we finilar nature, that are repugnant to every

obtaining from Spain the right to deposit shall republish it in continuation as an important humane and tender teeling. What plealure it was convenienily acceslible by our thips ;

our produce on their territory, from whence Systein of advice and admonition to individuals can result to a rational mind from torturing

and also of securing to them, the free use of and to the public.

Edit. Bal.
and am:eting those poor animals which

this highway to market. Thele objects were intended for the ule and comfort of

were obtained by the treaty concluded with 70 THE CITIZEVS OF THE U. S747 ES.


Spain the 27th day of Oktober, 1795, by the 22d article of which it flipulated, " That

his Catholic Majefty will permit the citi, HIT“ righteousness exalteth a

zens of the United States for the space of nation, bulin is a reproach to any peo APHORISM.-Who hides hatred to ac three years to deposit their merchandize ple," was not only the testimony of a wife complich revenge is great, like the prince and effects in the port of New Orleans, mall, lounded on experience, but is a seri. of hell.- LAVATER.

and to export, them from tience without

man ?


paying any other duty than a fair price for || report will, in the opinion of the Presi.

report will, in the opinion of the Presi. || gress, why was it mentioned in the mer. the hire of the stores, and his majesty pro- dent, divulge to the House particular lage? And if this confideration was renmifes either to continue this permission if he transactions not proper at this time to be dered improper by the intention to nego. finds during that time that it is not prejudi- communicated."

ciate, why was that intention never comcial to the interests of Spain, or i! he should This resolution was opposed–That the municated ? The belief that there were not agree to continue it there, he will assign | province of Louisiana had been cede. I by yet other objc&tions to this resolution not to them on another part of the banks of the Spain to France--that this cession, if carri. advanced by its opponents forces itself on Mililippi, an equivalent establishment." || ed into effect, would change the aspect of the mind, and is strengthened by the cirIt was now suggested that our ships had our foreigu relations, and therefore entitled cumftance, that in the resolution of 17th been excluded from New Orleans, and the to weight in legislative deliberations, were December the transactions at New-Orright of depofit prohibited. No informa facts too deeply interesting to the United leans were, without fear to irritate, openly tion on this subject being given in the mel. States to have escaped notice, even though and properly called " a violation of our sage of the President, the House of Repre. || they had not been pressed into the view of treaty on the part of Spain.” Surely too, sentatives on the 17th December, 1802, by the legislature and recommended to their the President would not have hazarded resolution requested the President" to cause attention by the high authority and fulemn the public safety by pressing on our no. to be laid before the House such informa. fanction of the President. An opposition tice in a public communication, a transtion in the possession of the department of therefore to a call for information-a call action deeply interesting to our rights and ftate, as relates to a violation on the part of || respe&tful in its terms, fubmitting the ex. interests ; but which was covered with a Spain, of the 22d article of the treaty of tent of the communication to the judgment veil not to be raised but with danger or friendship, navigation and limits between of the Prefident, was not to have been ex. indelicacy. The president knew it to be the United States and the king of Spain." U pected. The majority of the House discov. his duty to acquire information on the From the communication of the President ered strong jealousy of this resolution, and subject to presume that he has not done in consequence of this resolution, it was after various unsuccessful attempts to have so, would be to reproach him with repreascertained that the Intendant of New. Or. it considered, it was at length taken up and hensible indifference to, and neglect of our leans, the officer intrusted with the com. rejected. In discussing this resolution interests. Yet, improbable as the suggesmercial concerns of the province, had by much extraneous matter was introduced ; tion might otherwise be, the circumstances proclamation on the O&tober, 1802, -the only arguments which I could dif. go far towards compelling a belief, that the interdicted the American right of deposit at cover against the adoption of the resolution President had neither fought or obtained New Orleans, without assigning any other were that such an inquiry, implying a fus. any official information on the subject, or " equivalent establishment." It was also

picion of unfriendly or improper conduct that his enquiries had not been treated with known that the Governor General of Lou. on the part of Spain towards us might ir that respect, which is due to the American isiana at New Orleans did not condemn, ritate that nation; and that negociations nation : and that a rejection of the resolu. but explicitly vindicated the measure. This were about commencing between our gov. tion was reorted to as the only mode of act, dire&tly violating a solemn treaty, pro, ernment and Spain and France. The doc . fhielding him from the mortifying discloducing an immediate immense loss to a trine advanced on this occasion, that al sure. Mr. Griswold also moved the fol. great portion of our citizens, and viewed

though the tranfa&tions of a foreign nation lewing resolutions : by many as the commencement of meal. shall be solemnly mentioned by the prefi Resolved, That the people of the U. ures intended to deprive us of a place of dent in an official communication as chang.

nited States are entitled to the free navi. deposit, and to obtruct the free navigation ing the aspect of our foreign relations and gation of the river Misliflipp. of the river: rights essential to the prof. entitled to weight in our deliberations ; Resolved, That the navigation of the perity of the Western states ; affected too and although measures highly injurious to river Misippi has been obstructed by the deeply the honor and interest of the United our rights and interest, and probably a con. regulations recently carried into effect at States, not to merit the earliest and most re sequence of this transaction, have been a. New Orleans. rious consideration. The claim of this

this | dopred, yet that a fear to irritate shall oblige Resolved, That the right of freely subject to attention was rendered peculiar. us to forbear from enquiry ; to shut our navigating the river Mifilippi ought ner. ly Itrong as counected with the ceflion of ears to any information on the subject, left er to be abardoned by the United States. Louisiana by Spain to France, placed with we discover a suspicion of unfriendly de. " Refolied, That a cominiitee be apin the notice of Congress by the Presi signs, that in fact (far it amounts to this) ll pointed to enquire whether any, and if a. dent's mention of it in his meilage we shall never prepare to raet an hoftile ny, what legi lative measures are necessamaking a change in the aspect of our for. || design, until it is known to us by its es. ry to secure to the people of the United eign relations, & entitled to just weight in ecution,” as a do&trine not only novel, but States the free navigation of the river Mil. deliberations of the legislature connected too palpably dangerous to be admitted as fillippi." with that subje&t.” To enable Congrels | the real objection to this resolution-As These were not acted upon, the majori. to act with understanding on this subject, to the objection on the ground that negoci. | ty refusing to take the motion into considand to judge what measures, if any, were ation was about commencing, let it be con eration. The following resolutions on the necessary to be taken, Mr. Griswold, on ceded that the direction of negociation be. fame subject were afterwards agreed to the 5th January, moved the following ret. longs solely to the Executive, does it re. with closed doorsolution :

sults or can it be seriously contended that Refolved, That this House receive Resolved, That the Prefident of the under our government the determination with great sensibility the information of a United States be requested to direct the of the Executive to negociate, takes from disposition in certain officers of the Spali. proper officer to lay before this House, the legillature their constitutional power of ish government at New Orleans, toʻub. copies of such official documents, as, have considering what measures are necessary struct the navigation of the river Mifiifiipbeen received by this government, an for the public welfare ? Such a doctrine can pi, as secured to the United States by the nouncing the cession of Louisiana to consist only with a supremacy in the Exec. most folemn ftipulations : France, together with a report explaining | utive-a doctrine at variance with the fun That adhering to that humane and the ftipulations, circumstances and condi damental principles of our governmen: wise policy which ought ever to charactions under which that province is to be If the ceflion of Louisiana was a subject terize a free people, and by which the U. delivered up-unless such documents and

for the consideration of Con- il nited States have always prefered to be


not proper

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