of thern bring with them a strong and in


persions might be a sufficient antidote to vincible attachment to the monarchical

their poison. It might be enougl to de. and aristocratical governments they leave :

No. 1.

clare publickly that they have flown from and there will naturally despise our re


of Ambrose Spencer,-a name al. publican institutions ; and are therefore • Who has not heard of Reynard's crafty tricks,

ready notorious-a name, the ravishing flaunfit to have agency in our elections. His pride, his rapine and his politics ?"

vour of which will still be further diffused The other class, which is unspeakably the


abroad till the whole American atmofmost numerous, consists of those whofe

phere shall be loaded with its sweets. minds are set afloat from all restraints, by TO AMBROSE SPENCER, Esq. In your fingular production in the Bee, having imbibed the disorganizing princi- | SIR,

figned Scrutator, you have bestowed very ples of revolutionary France ; and who

bigh compliments and encomiums upon bring with them an implacable hatred of

OU have constrained me at lait yourself. You have daubed the varnish the civil institutions of the nations they have left.-And are these proper materito peruan to the public an important du.

of flattery upon your own dear person, not ty, which, but tor the fimulants you

with the skill ot an artist, but as a brickals for building up our republic ; or can

have adminiflered, would have been delcy. I layer throws on mortar with a trowel. In it be expected that men who have attempi- ed, and perhaps might finally have been removing this varnish so that the genuine ed to tear the bowels of their own coun). neglected. That fin of omislion you have

teatures of your íweet visage may feast the try, will instantly become quiet citizens

eyes of an admiring public, I shall be comby being adopted in this ? -As well might prevented; and it will never be recorded against me. “ Partial evil (P. pe says) is pelled

hereafter to use the inftrument callwe expect to gather grapes of thorns, or universal good.” Whether this be or be

ed a scraper :-at present, I will merely figs of thistles. The subject that I have not a general truth, the fenument as it ref

notice, and that with great brevity, your been discusling is of valt importance to

pećts ihe particular cafe between us will allegations and calumnies against my felf. the people of the United States; and it is

The first crime with which you have prove correct ; at least I will use my en. solemnly enforced by a recurrence to an

deavours that benefits ray accrue to the charged me, is, that I am the supposed cient history. Not to mention other tallen

writer of strictures in the Balance Closet, public from the gross insults which I have republics, ihe page of history informs us

entitled “Liberty of the Press." Thole that one immediate cause of the loss of Ro- experienced from you.

ftri&tures I highly approve. They do not man liberty was the incorporating of vast

Intrenched in the privileges of your of- lavish on the Attorney-General “the rarnumbers of aliens with the republic.- | fice, you may have indulged an idea that, corous ebul itions of wrath,” but are fair These were made subfervient to the ambi. with one hand, you could brandish the ter- l appeals to subftantial documents, which tion of Cæsar. That arch-demagogue, rors of the British common law, and, with prove to a demonstration that the Attorthat fly hypocrite and flatterer of the peo

the other, could empty your quiver of its ney.General has acted totally inconsislent, ple, subdued the Roman Senate, subvert- en venomed darts, and hurl them with im. as well with himselt as with the republican ed the republic and annihilated the liber. punity at the boloms of your marked vic- | principles which he oftentatiously protellties of his country, by the heip of an arıny

iims.--Deluded man !-- Already are you es. I have not, however, the merit of composed principally of desperate adven- feized with an arm that you can neither their composition--I was not their writer. turers from abroad. This arucie of Ro. resist nor elude ; already are you dragged | This circumstance I do not mention to man history should be improved as a Bea. before the awful tribunal of public opinion, | foothe your animosity, or to conciliate con to direct the councils of our nation. where you fhall be held till you experi- your favour ; for your en inity and your The foreigners now in our country are no

ence a proper measure of the feelings of friendfhip I equally despise.

Belshazzar when he saw the hand-writing fewer, it is said, than several hundred

Your next accusation which I shall deign thousands ;--their numbers are constant

on the wall. Be not surprized that my to notice at present, represents in subly and rapidly increaing; and amid the atorrence of your political character | itance, that the paper, whereof I am one conflict of parties, their intluence is pe which I frankly own is quickened into of the editors, commenced with fair proculiarly dangerous. It a predominant par

loétion by the gross and unmerited person- feslions of moderation and candour, but ty should facilitate their naturalization with

al abufes I have received) fhould cause me, has degenerated into a corrupt and abomá view io obtain their suffrages, it will be in this correlpondence, io hold a language inable vehicle that weekly diffuses abroad using a terrible machine that would moit of feverity and reproach to which I had the most malicious revilings, talfhoods and certainly recoil upon the hand that holds not been iccustomed. The character of flanders against the president of the Unitit ; for the next succeeding party that

modcration I claim and challenge to my- ed States, and against the officers generalshould predominate might try the same felt; and confidently appeal to the gener-Ly in and under the present adminiftraexpedient; and fo proceed in fuccefsion, al tenor of my past behaviour and to my tion. till our elections having become utterly | writings ; but I now give fair warning to The Balance was inftituied in the month corrupted and our public councils dil yourself and to the public, that in my ad

of May, 1801, very soon after we had first tracted, lome Cæsar, craity, bold and en.

dresses to you I shall depart from my u- received the smooth and foothing inauguergetic, erecting liis own popularity by || sual moderation, but not from truth. I

ral speech of the President. Fostering at flattering the vileil of the people, and aid- will pourtray your political character in

that time a strong hope that his administra. ed by foreign adventurers and unprinci- || true, but vivid colours.

tion would considerably accord with his pled na'ives, shall suddenly overibrow Justice to myseli demands, that I should professions, and that he would shew himthis republic, and establish, as in France, beltow forne particular attention on the self the patron and common father of the a military despotism.

calumnies vented against me over the fignation, our paper had the complexion al. nature of Scrutator.

This part of my

most of neutrality, as it respected the two ONE OF THE PEOPLE.

task, which will fail principally within policical parties. Soon, however, the ihe compass of this address, I shall dill leasing illusion vanithed. With afton.

patch as (peedily as poflible. Indeed a Thment we heard one half the nation des A VERY sensible writer, once com- mere annunciation to the public of the nounced by the highest authority, as fec. pared a jacobin to a heg in a flower garden. name of the author of those malicious al- taries-doomed to bear the opprobium








“ American Government will not or'y “ bear the departure with patience, but

“ with pleasure!" FOR THE BALANCE.


The plain language of all this is,-break

your treaty with us--capture our hips

IT is well recollected, that when the pre- plunder us of our property, beat and impriSHORT SKETCHBS OF

sent ruling party were the minority, incy | lon our seamen, and if, on consideration, it uniformly manifested a strong anxiety that !s of any benefit to the REPUBLIC, we shall

the government of the United States should bear it with PLEASURE. This was the lanHE immortal bard, William afford assistance for the promotion of the guage of an American Ministter!--and that Shakespeare, was born at Stratford in War. cause of liberty in France. This dispofi- | minister is again sent to the same country, wickshire, in the year 1564. His father tion was strikingly displayed by Mr. Mon- with two millions of dollars to purchase,who was a wool-dealer and in circumstan. roe when minister to that country, and by 1 what ?—the permision of enjoying our own ces not very affluent, was obliged to with. the support and approbation which his rights !!! draw young William very early from a

conduct received from the Jeffersonian But again-Mr. Monroe wrote thus to tree school to which he had been sent in fect after he had been dismissed by presi- the Secretary of State, on the 20th Nov. order to have his aslistance toward support- | dent Washington, and also by the appoint. || 1794 ing the rest of his numerous family. Up- || ment, which he has lately received, of “ I was invited by the diplomatic memon his leaving the grammar school, he minister extraordinary to the courts of " bers of the committee of public faley to betook himselíto the employment in which

Frances Spain, or wherever he may find his conference on a new topic: I was inhis father had been bred : he married services required. Mr. Monroe was entrust- “ formed it was their intention to press the

ed with the conduct of our most important young, and might perhaps have con inued

war against England in particular ; but in the occupation of buying and selling concerns, when they demanded prudence, " that they were distressed for funds, and wool, all his life-time, but for an instance

found discretion, and firmness; but he " asked could any aid be obtained from of misconduct which obliged him to ab. manifested such entire deftitution of these " the United States ? I told them I was scond. He had associated himself with requisites, as involved this country in much “ satisfied it it was in their power, it would some young men of a profligate charac- difficulty, and, but for his recal, might be rendered." This, it will be noted, ter, who instigated him to join them in have produced our rain. To plunge this was after our declaration of Neutrality. stealing deer from a park of fir Thomas country into the war with France against In his subsequent communication to the Lucy. To avoid the punishment that England, and most of the nations of Eu- || deplomatic members of the committee of threatened him from the detection of this rope, was an object fairly evinced, and o- public safety, he observes, misdeed, young Shakespeare fled to Lon- Il penly advocated. It was strongly urged, " It is the will of the French Republic don; where, being a stranger, deftitute that the U. States should afford men and “ to obtain, by loan, a sum of money from both of money and friends and pinched money, for the allistance of our dear al- " the United States of America to enable with hunger, he took his stand at the Ilies," and it was generally offered by Mr. " is to prosecute the war. play-house door. At that time, neither | Monroe, to give up a necellary and im

" This is to be expected from three coach nor chaise was known in England : || portant right, guarantied by our then exist

" sources ; the General government, the the lords and gentlemen were accustomed ing treaty with France ; and also to open “ State governments and from individuals, to ride to the theatre on horse-back, with not only our public treasury, but also those

“ The French caule and the French natheir ladies and daughters behind them on

of the states, and of individuals, to aid “ tion are greatly regarded in America, pillions.* Shakespeare, standing at the French rapacity in enslaving and plunder-1" and I am perfuaded fome money may be play-house door, took the horses of the ing the other nation's of Europe." This is

obtained, and perhaps a very respetta. gentlemen who attended the plays; and evident in almost every page of Mr. Mon- “.ble fum from the three sources above from the few pence which they bestowed roe's detence. 'A few extracts however,

" mentioned." upon him, he was relieved from hunger. will suffice, to evince his zeal to promote Thus it was that Mr. Monroe's commuHis diligence and fidelity in this occupathe interest of his country.

nications to the French Government contion were remarked ; and as he had soon Thus he wrote to the committee of pub. || ftantly encouraged the hope, that the Unimore business than he was able to attend lic safety Oct. 15, 1794.

ted States would contribute to support the to personally, he hired boys to serve under

“ It is my duty to inform you that I am expenses of the war, and in the represen. him. It was not, however, his destiny to con- “ under no inftruélion to complain of, or tations to his own government he strongly tinue long in this mean employment ; for

request the repeal of, the decree author. and constantly urged the measure. He some of the players accidentaily conver- “ ifing a departure from the 23 and 24 ar- says to the Secretary of State-" I sincere. fing with him, were so ftruck with the

“ ticles of the treaty of amity and com- ly wish we may assist them it possible, brilliancy of his wit, that they recommend

" merce;" [these articles ftipulated, that and am persuaded the people would ed him to the managers of the play house ; | free ships shall make free goods, and that cheerfully bear a tax, the product of where being admitted at first in a very low l'all goods shall be free except those that are " which was to be applied to the French station, he soon distinguished hiinsell, tho’

termed contraband ; and specified what ar- Republic," and then tells the committee not as an excellent actor, yet as the most ticles shall be deemed contraband. The || of public safety, that the sum which might captivating of writers.


French government had passed a decree au- “ be raised in America, would, in his judg

thorizing their fhips, privateers, and crui- “ ment, be considerable" * Queen Elizabeth used to ride out on zers to pay no attention to these articles, All this Mr. Monroe well knew, was a

and thus let loose their whole naval force a pillion behind her Secretary Burleigh.

direct departure from our neutral declara. upon our delenceless commerce, ] tion, and the course we were b }und !o pur" the contrary I well know, that it upon but it was a favorite plan of the Jef

is consideration, after the experiment made, ferson party to lend money to France, and APHORISM.-Make not him

friend you should be of opinion, that it produ- | involve the country in the war. The fucwho sneaks off when a superior appears. “ ces any folid benefit to the Republic, the cess of this plan however, was frustrated by



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President Washington, and the mortifica.

friends, three several times, such docution and regret of the party have been em.

ments and vouchers as he thought necessa. inently conspicuons. Now raised to pow.

ry for the purpose. These, however, were er they seem determined to persevere in

not deemed sufficient ; and his own pertheir system, fo far as circumstances will

tonal attendance was required. Some allow, and Mr. Monroe has already depar

Be it our weekly task,

ime in January lait, he repaired to New. ted with two millions of dollars to be ex

York—waited on the supervisor ; and, af

To note the passing tidings of the times. pended, as he shall judge proper, among

ter a long and careful examination, set. our“ good allies” and “generous friends,”

tled his accounts----paid every cent that the French

pudson, April 5, 1803. remained due, and took up his bonds.

And yet, this is the man whom the edi.

tor of the Bee has the effrontery to rerm a Since writing the following, it has been

public delinquent ! Nay, democratic vilEle&tioneering.

suggested to us, that the scandalous publi- U lainy does not stop even here : We are cation in the Bee respecting Major Ten

next told, that Mr. Jefferson removed At a numerous and respectable meeting of

Broeck, was a mere ELECTIONEER Major Ten Broeck from the office of fur-
ING FALSHOOD; and that it would

veyor and infpector-because he was a de. the Federalisis of the city of Hudson, at

linquent in the office of collector of the the Ilonse of Stephen Booth, Innkeeper il probably be corrected after the ele&ion. internal revenue ;--that is, Mr. Jefferson, in the said city, on Monday Evening, We should be unwilling to believe that a- in March, turned a man out of office for March 21/1, 1803.

ny man or party could be guilty of such delinquency, who had proved himfeif S. PADDOCK was elected Chairman. baseness ; but we fincerely hope that Holt

honest and not a delinquent, in January H. L. HOSMER, Secretary.

preceding.–This is genuine democratic will make an early and ample apology for Pesolre? unanimoualy, That the following per

justice, virtue and consistency ! sans be supported at the city election, to be held on publishing the production.

One circumstance in the removal of M-j. the first Tuesday in April next, as candidates for the several ostices annexed to their names respec

Ten Broeck from the collectorship, detively.

We presume our readers will not deem serves fome notice. At the time of his Cotton Gelfton, Supervisor.

any part of our paper mi semployed, which removal, he held uncollected bonds, the

is devoted to the defence of an honest man, premium on which announted to upwards Samuel Edmonds,

against the base and malicious attacks of of 350 dollars. This money he had earn. Daniel Penfield,


an hired finderer. We did hope that the ed. But he was compelled to give up the James Hva!t,

persecuting spirit of democracy would be bonds to his fucceflor, together with the Thomas Power,

satisfied with the removal of Major Ten emoluments which would have arisen from Prosper Homer, Broeck. But, no ! The editor of the Bee, ll their collection.

their collection. But this, Mr. Bee will Ebenezer Rand,

with all that meanness and hardihood which iell us, was all right, confidering that Maj.

Alifants. Claudius I. Delamater,

ever characterised his paper, has aimed a Ten Broeck is an old Tory, and Dayton Jonathan Begraft,

deadly blow at the seputation of that much a firft-rate patriot and republican. Sarouel Edmonis,

injured revolutionary patriot. Therefore,
although we regret ihe necessity-still,

Holt, persevering to the end as he beWilliam Sade,

Allors. since the neceffity exists, we interpole Thomas Woiilock,

gan, says that Major Ten Broeck is in.

debted to the editors of the Balance for James I. Morrison, with pleasure, the shield of defence.

the abuse and calumny which has been Henry Purs,

By what authority or right does the ed- beitowed upon him by the Bee ; and that Claudius D. Delamnater, Overseers

itor of the Bee pronounce Major Ten by censuring Dayton we have "goaded John Kemper,


Broeck a public delinquent ? By the same and provoked the republicans [democrars] Thomas Whitlock,


authority that an incendiary lays in afhes to blaft Major Ten Broeck's reputation.' Jacob Carter,

a fiourishing village. By the same right || This is another of the paltry tricks of de

that a highwayman robs the traveller of mocracy; and is intended as a bugbear to Sylvanus Macey, Overseer of the Poor.

his purse.

Each ałt is equally unjust : frighten us into filence with respect to Peter F. Hardick, Collector.

for we need not repeal, at ihis day, what Dayton. But Mr. Holt and Mr. Davion Jedediah Clark,

every body knows and feels, that reputa- are informed that Maj. Ten Broeck and Obed Gridley, Consables. rion is more precious than p rperty or e. his friends do not wish to shrink from in. Oliver Whitaker,

ven lite itself.-It is not true, as fiated in vestigation. The more their conduct is Resilvedl, That the proceedings of this meeting the Bee, that Major Ten Broeck is a de- examined, the more honourable it will apbe published in the Balance and Hudson Gazette.

linquent. We declare, and defy contra- pear.--And, since we have an opportunity, STEPHEN PADDOCK, Chairman. di&tion, that he never remained delinquent we will now avow our motives for bring. H. L. HOSMER, Secretary.

a moment after a certaining the true situa- ing Major Ten Broeck before the public

tion of his accounts, by personal attend. in print.-Certain democrats in this city, Against the above ticket, not a reasonable ance at the supervisor's office. We rea. men from whom we ought to expect better objection can be raised. The characters who com- dily acknowledge that his accounts remain- things, have retailed, in malignant whil. pose it, are well known, and much respected. We ed unsettled for some time after his remo- pers, the most scandalous tales of Major hope that no arguments are necessary to induce ev. val

; but when the caules are made Ten Broeck. The poison was thus feery citizen, who prefers good principles to selfslı and known, no blame will attach to him on cretly administered without the possibility ambitious views, to repair to the poll, and convince that account.—Major Ten Broeck con of an antidote. The lander of tattlers, the people of the neighbouring towns, by an encreas. ceived that there was a material error in cannot be refuted. We, therefore, brought ed and respectable majority, that Hudson is firm in the supervisor's accounts, which he fup- the affair to public view. We provoked federalism, notwithstanding all the arts of sham. posed might be set right by explanation.-- | the enemies of Major Ten Broeck to make patriots and political mountebanks.

He therefore sent to New York, by his their charges publicly, that we might as




a crime.


ly foul.

and to be loaded with the anathemas of And why should you foam with disap- ! " the event of this important election, all political excommunication. With aston

pointment at perceiving your political ca- “ parties will rejoice; for not an individishment we beheld a system of " political reer checked by one who has ministered “ ual but will have cause of joy. Repubintolerance despotic and wicked" com- at the sacred altar ?-It is presumed that “ licans will rejoice in the triumph of prin. menced and vigorously pursued ; and un- you have read the Bible, when a boy, and ciple, truth, moderation, justice, the remitting and violent efforts used to sub. you must there have found it written, that “ voice of the people, republicanilin, over vert che institutions and abolish the acts of 6. The seed of she fhali bruise the intrigue, failhood, terror, perfecution, the former administrations. The Balance | Serpene's head."

" the machinations of aristocracy, monar. accordingly, and with perfect confiftency, I an, with as much consideration and chy. The tine has come when we fiall assumed a decided and firm tone. It has respect as you deserve,

no more be called on to place a blind censured pablic men, and difcufied pub


“ confidence in the men who are rioting lic measures with freedom, but with de

" on the spoils of the treasury, & faddling cency. Your charge against it of rancour,

us with debt and taxation, to:ht amount, misrepresentation and falfhood, is as ma.

which, had not their career been ipui. licious as it is false. If you read the Bilo

Balance Closet.

ly checked, would shortly have entailed ance, and I know you read it, and read it


and degradation on us and our too with a distorted countenance and a

pofterity for ages, while the hard cainings trembling hand-If you read the Balance


" of the peasant and the trad-(null, were you must know that your charges are to.

" squandered in supporting swarms of use

No. VI. tally destinute of truth. And why do you

“ less foreign minillers, domeftic officers, not come forward in your own paper and IT will be unnecessary to spend much time in

ftanding armies,

navies, expose to the public the misrepresentaproving that the democraiic presses have always

“ stock jobbers, land jobbers, public detions and falfhoods in the Balance ? Why far exceeded those of the federalists in licentious

“ faulters, and peculators, while we were do

The fact is well known to every man who you not point out the fallacies of its rea.

"s forbidden even le confolation of com. fonings, and, by the force of your logic, has taken the trouble tu inform himself; and a few

“ plaint, by the terrors of a fedition law, remarks will be suilicient to convince those who have filence this little battery ? You shrink

" and talents, integrity, and learning were from the task : you dare not meet us in hitherto been deceived by the faishouds of the hum.

kept at a distance from our shores y en the open field of fair argument, but cow. ble tools of our Attorney-General

" alien law. Public virtue Ball no more ard-like you lie in ambulh, and from thence At the head of the democratic prints stand the “ be scouted, nor public economy counted burl your fiery darts. It is not falfhood, Aurora and the American Citizen, the first conduct. but truth issuing from the Balance, that ed by William Duane-the other by James Cheetwrithes and tortures your dark and daftard. ham--both foreigners, with the characters of whom “ The Anglo.federalist will rejoice--

the public were long since sufficiently acquainted ; " that their buiniliation comes not alone. The most rancourous of

and we should feel ashamed of federalism and of

* The old tories will rejoice--forshey will tions remain to be mentioned :-hey are our country, if any federal editor could descend to

os lieve the new ones to corbole them. such as I should hardly suspected even that

that low, vulgar, scurrilous style, ang ihat abusive " The pope and his clergy will rejoicea fiend from the infernal pit would have

and slanderous manner, which characterize those " for humiliation and repentance may lead had the impudence :o have uttered them

two papers.
Many of the inferior democratic

“ to forgiveness of sins. The friends of again it me. You have declared that I prints, which are conducted by Americans, have so

" religion will rejoice--for the kingdom bave becomes the systematic reviler of all

far departed from honor and honesty, as to ape the in of the beast hath an end." public men of a feat opposed to my own, Anrora and Citizen. They have copied the slan

Those are but specimens. If we had and the base affaflin of their reputations ;' ders, imitated the style, and adopted the sentiments

and leisure, we might extract enough of the same that I have " vilely misiepresented the of those polluted vehicles ; and it has often hap

kind of matter to fill a volume, from some files of acts of government, and done all I could pened that our democratic prints, were nothing but

the Aurora and Citizen, which we have on hand. to mislead public opinion;" that “ like a second editions of the calumnies of Duane and

But these are sufficient to shew the general comfury I have assailed the characters of men Cheetham. These men, in fact, have been the

plexion of democratic prints.-Let the reader rein office who differ from me in political nianufacturers and wholesale venders of falshoods,

flect, that the democratic party now complain of sentiment ;' that I have • diftorted and while such persons as John Barber, Isaac Mitchell, the licentiousness of the federal presses ! misrepresented every important a&t of gov. Phinehas Allen and Charles Holt, have been retail

In our next and some succeeding numbers, we ernment; and have exhibited a malignity dealers and huxsters, and Pierpont Edwards and

shall treat particularly of the manner in which our [whatever that bel peculiar to clerical Abraham Bishop have been basket women and

Attorney-General has discharged the duties of his hypocrites." criers to peddle their wares.

office, with respect to the prosecution of the junior Never were more deteftable falshoods

We are not in the habit of asserting without provo

editor. grouped together ; and never was there a ing. We, therefore, subjoin a few samples of de. baser calumniator than the wreich who

mocratic decency : has fabricated them. I shall not attempt When Washington resigned the office of presi.

The editorial department of the Baltimore Anti

Democrat aluavs abounds with wit and humor.-to eulogise myself any further than to say, dent, the Aurora declared him to be " the source of the misfortunes of our country”-that his name had

The following Toasts, with fourteen others, were that I possess a character which forms a complete contrast to the charaćier of the given currency to political iniquity and legalized cor. lately inserted in that paper, and recommended to be

drank by the democrats, at their St. Jefferson caRobespierre of the State of New York.ruption—that he had cankered the principles of re

rousals. The notorious Robesperian virtues of craft, publicanism, and had carried his designs against the

" James Munroe-the man who patriotically sacdiffimulation, low cunning, mean intrigue, public liberty so far as to have put in jeopardy its

rifices a year of his invaluable life for the benefit of malignity, .cruelty and cowardice, were very existencemand that the day of his resignation

his-eighteen or twenty seven thousand dollars." never rooted in my soul. Let the public ought to be a day of Jubilee in the United States !! “ Col. T. Claiborne. May his exertions to repeal decide, and without hesitation it will de- In the Aurora of December 1800, the following the tax on whiskey, be the means of saving a for. cide, to what particular man this whole af. publication appeared :

tune to himself.”

" Aaron Burr. Destruction to "the union of semblage of precious qualities belongs in “ Thomas Jefferson is president, and all honest men;" what business have they with a luperlative degree.

“ Aaron Burr, vice-president, elect. In us?"


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By this process the fly is prevented You may make a trial of friends in the from depofiting its egg within three feet of misfortunes which attend lite, and by their the root, and although it may place the fharing in your dangers ; for as we try egg above that distance, the worm travels gold by the fire, so we distinguish our so Now that it cannot reach the ground be. friends by adversity fore frost, and therefore is killed before it You will discharge yourself best of your is able to injure the tree.

duty to your friends, if you do not wait agricultural.

“ The truth of the principle is proved till they apply to you ; but freely, and of by the following fact :- I practised this your own accord relieve and assist them method with a large number o! Peach Trees, when occasion requires. and they flourished remarkably, without

Think it as dishonourable to be outa any appearance of injury from the worm The following communication was repub- for several years, when I was induced to

done by your friends in good offices, as to lished in the 11t Vol. of the Balance, discontinue the straw with about twenty of

be overcome and worsted by the malice and from the Transaktions of the American

evil practices of your enemies. them all those which are without the straw Philosophical Society ; but, as it is a

have declined, while the others which have Speak kindly of your absent friends, to subject of some importance to farners, had the straw continue as vigorous as ev.

those who are present, that they may not and as the season is approaching in er."

think you are unmindful of themselves, which it ought to be attended to, we can It may be proper to mention, that Mr. when they are absent." see no impropriety in again laying it be

Ellis tranfmitted to the Society a certificate, fore our readers.

figned by thirteen perfons, in confirmation

of the above fact. Account of a method of preventing the premature

Jmprovement. decay of Peach Trees. By J. Ellis, of N. Jersey.

In the 8th number of the Balance, we 66

published an account of Mr. Raphaelle HE decay of Peach Trees monitorial Department.

Peale's " newly discovered mode of puis owing to a worm which originates from

rifying water," by charcoal. An obliging a large fly, that resembles the common To aid the cause of virtue and religion. wasp. This fly perforates the bark, and

correspondent has sent us the following

extract from the translation of CRELL'S deposits an egg in the most fappy part of it;

Chemical Journal, published in 1791, to the most common place of perforation is at


shew that Mr. Peale is not entitled to the the surface of the earth, probably from an Selected from the advice of Isocrates to his young credit of discovering the purifying propinstinctive effort to avoid the winter frof.

friend and pupil Demonicus ; and communicated erties of charcoal ; but that he has merely This may be ascertained by observation,

for the Balance.

invented an easy and simple method of the track of the worm from the seat of the egg being visible at its beginning, and grad

employing it for the purpose of purifying 66

water, ually increasing, in correspondence with

S to your behaviour, be the increasing size of the worm, its course

Amongst other singular properties of is always downwards. The progress of | affable and duly of access

, and let your

charcoal, it has lately been discovered at the young

worm is extremely flow, and it | language be courteous and civil. the egg is deposited at any considerable dir. Let not your visits be too frequent to Petersburgh, that all sorts of glass vellels,

and other utensils, may be purified from tance above the surface of the earth, it is the same persons, nor your discourse too

long retained smells and taints of every long before the worm reaches the ground. I long on the same subjects, for there's a

kind, in the easiest and most perfect man. The worms are unable to bear the cold of satiety in all things.

ner, by rinsing them out well with char, winter, unless covered by the earth, and all Enure yourself to voluntary labour, that coal reduced to a fine powder, after their that are above the ground after the frost are you may be the better able to undergo what

grosser impurities have been scoured off killed. necessity fhall lay upon you.

with sand and pot-ash.—That persons, “ By the history of the origin, progress Be no less exact in keeping the secrets whose breath smells strong from a scorbut. and nature of the insect, we can explain entrusted to you, than you would be faith. ic difpofition of the gums, may at any the effećts of my method, wich is as fol. | ful in reference to deposits of the greateft time get perfectly rid of this bad smell, by lows :-In the spring, when the bloiloms value.

rubbing ihem and washing out the mouth are out, clear away the dirt, so as to expose

Never reveal your secrets to any, ex.

thoronghly with finely powdered charcoal. the root of the tree to the depth of three in

cept it is as much their interest to keep | This, at the same time, renders the teeth ches ; surround the trees with straw about

them as it is yours, that they should be beautifully white.”. (These uses Mr. P. 3 feet long, applied lengthwife, so that it kept.

has not mentioned.) may have a covering one inch thick, which

Never contract a friendship with any And that brown or otherwise-colextends to the bottom of the hole, the but

ored) putrid stinking water may be de. ends of the straw resting upon the ground body, till you have first examined how he

behaved bimself to his former friends ; for prived of its offensive smell, and rendered at the bottom--bind this straw round the tree with three bands, one near the top, one

you will have good reason to nope that he transparent, by means of the same sub.

will be the same to you, as he was to them. stance. Hence Mr. CRELL thinks it would at the middle, and one at the surface of the earth ; then fill up the hole at the root with

In trying friends, communicate things be of use for preserving water sweet durearth, and prels it close round the straw. to them as secrets, which are not so ; by || ing sea voyages, to mix about five pounds When the white frost appears, the straw

which means you will receive no damage of coarsely powdered charcoal in every should be removed, and the tree should re.

from their infidelity, if they are false ; and cask of water ; it being only necessary af. main uncovered until the blossoms put out

if they are faithful, you will thereby dis- terwards to strain the water off, when in the spring. cover their integrity.

wanted, thro' a linen bag.


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