land-upon elements which past events either the chureh or the monarchy have been silently but surely moulding from destruction. Revolution or no into fitness for this very influence revolution is now the great political must be such as in their inevitable con- question that agitates the nation-it sequence, whatever may be the im- is the only one that is really engaging mediate instruments, by which it may attention, no matter what shape it may be effected, ultimately to bring about assume, or under what disguise it may repeal. That the greatness of the be presented—and how that question British empire cannot survive such a may be decided, the most confident separation, is true ; but who is there can hardly venture to pronounce ; and that does not perceive that other we confess that to our minds it seems calises are at work to undermine that within the range of possibilities that, greatness.

if indeed the days of British greatOur prediction may be a bold one- ness be nuinbered, in the convulsion but time will tell whether our specula- that may rend the empire asunder, the tion is altogether vain. It is not for Irish nation may rise upon the ruins, mortals to attempt to read the counsels and maintain a proud position of civil of the future ; and while we cannot and religious independence. But these help thinking that we see afar off in are speculations in which it is useless the very verge of the political horizon, to indulge. They are, however, we the coming of the revolution that will confess, speculations wbich the aspect give to Ireland self-government, we do of events often forces on our minds. not think that there is any man who And yet, perhaps, they are not can predict aught either of the cha- altogether useless. If we contemplate racter of that revolution, the effects by the remotest possibility of such an which it may be followed, or the event, this but increases the necessity agency by which it may be produced. of Protestant union and Protestant And yet when we thus venture to look exertion; these speculations on the reupon the distant future, and hazard, per- mote destinies of our country-of what haps, too daring conjectures, with re- may be her position in the latter days, gard to the events that are yet re. bring with them sterner and more posing in its obscurity—thoughts will practical considerations of the duties rise in our mind, with all the vividness that are before us. If the British of life, and what may be but the dreams empire be broken up in the wildness of imagination will sometimes shape of the revolutionary frenzy, the Prothemselves into indistinct speculations testants of Ireland' have no hope but of something that may come to pass. in themselves. But we would desire There was a time when Ireland's to elevate their efforts by the grandchurch was pure, and her faith was ness of the conception that should apostolic, and her government was animate them. To them may be endomestic, before England, with a trusted not merely all that is dear to foreign government, had forced popery themselves, but the destinies of their on her people. If, in the progress of country: Our hearts cannot bring events—and who, alas ! will venture to themselves, even in thought, to abandon say that this is a wild apprehension—if, Ireland to be the eternal slave of dewe say, the spirit of anarchy shall tear basing superstition. We do not, we the constitution of Britain, and infi- cannot believe, that it was without delity trample on her religion—is it a an object her Creator endowed her with crime in an Irishman to dare to hope so many advantages, and implanted in that, from the wreck of the convulsion, the breasts of her people those amiable his country may once more be as it and noble qualities which appear amid was in the ancient times ?

all their crimes and follies as the eleWe do not altogether yet despair of ments of high and generous virtues. the safety of Britain. She may yet pass No! Ireland will yet throw off the through the sore peril by which her thraldom of Rome_and whether it be constitution is tried, and her existence as the pleasure of Him who ordereth all a nation is endangered. The loyalty of things, that her emancipation should the land may yet rally round the altar be effected under the parental governand the throne--but unless it does so ment of Britain, and by the mild quickly, it will be too late to save ministrations of a scriptural church, or accomplished by the fearful agency and passive, against the property of our of revolution, and the mighty move. church; when men who have supplicated ment of great masses of her people, in to be placed as tenants on the lands of a either case, the Protestants of Ireland Protestant proprietary, who have been must be prepared to bear the post told the conditions of occupancy, (that a which Providence may assign to them, certain sum is to be paid as rent to the and to which their high duty may call lay proprietor—a sum also, under a them.

different name, to another claimant,) But we must return to Mr. O'Sullivan, when these men, having obtained their although in all that we have said we

desire, accepted the conditions, and have done little more than comment poured out the overflowing gratitude of

hearts that seemed as though they never upon the text that he has supplied us. The uncertainty of the country's pros- turn round with defiance on their bene

could adequately express their feelings pects he

urges powerfully as the motive for Protestant union. We have turned observe the conditions of their agreement;

factors, and proclaim that they will not a moment from the gloomy contem

that they will, if it must be, break the plation of the present condition of the law-will destroy life—but will not hold country, to brighter visions of what

to the conditions of their tenancy, wil may yet be her lot; it needs some such

not surrender the lands upon which the relief to

he eye that is called to look despised obligation was laid, because their upon the black picture of Ireland's conscience demands that they prove false present state—the majority of her to their engagements. Conscience ! who people sunk in abject degradation, has sounded the depths of this mysterious hound in the fetters of spiritual thral- conscience, or noted the under-currents dom, and banded together in a foul and by which it escapes from God's law and dreadful conspiracy against property man's reason? And who is so weak as and law—this is ihe most appalling to believe, that when this conscience can feature in her social state-still more bring power to back its principles, the appalling, when we recollect that go- claim of the lay Protestant will not be vernment has ceased to offer any oppo- treated with precisely the same disregard sition to that conspiracy, and that

as now manifests the character of the direct enccuragement is held out to Romish church in its justice towards the defeat of the authority of the law.

ecclesiastical creditors ?

“ But I pass over these and such matters « Our adversaries asli," Mr. of complaint as are symptoms of the great O'Sullivan, “what grievance have we evil, rather than independent grievances, to complain of—in what do we suffer and answer; our complaint is this—there wrong? As if the graves which cover is in Ireland an extensive and well orga. the honored remains of many martyred nised conspiracy to extirpate Protestantministers of our religion, had covered ism; and the conduct pursued, by a party also the memory of their pious and powerful in the state, towards Protestants charitable lives, and of the inhuman and towards the enemies of British conmurders by which they suffered death, nexion, is calculated to strengthen it ; they ask us, what are our grievances. and we mplain that the distavor by As if the frequent aspect of many of their which Protestants are discountenanced if afficted survivors, ' driven from homes not dejected, the capricious demeanour of where their free charities can no longer government towards their adversaries, protect them--where the law does not now curbing, now caressing, is eminently had dulled the feelings with which we calculated to inflame an evil purpose, and contemplate the destitute condition of encourage and facilitate the most destrucpious men driven forth from the compe- tive and criminal projects: yes, even tence which had rewarded meritorious though they involved an attempt at exertion, and condemned, in their mature or declining years, to seek, among com- “ Do I think soill of my countrymen as parative strangers, some humble employ- to apprehend so foul a design? I do not ment which may give them sustenance think evil of them. Few men better for their families ; they ask us, what are know, none more prompt to acknowledge your grievances? They ask us what are and to praise their generous qualities, our grievances, when the confidant of the their bigh deserts ; but I know the human ministry boasts, that he must have go. heart, that it is wicked and deceitful; and vernment countenance in his war, active I know that never was there a system of




more fatal power to nurture what is delivered in Dublin, we must remind worst, and to destroy what is good within our readers, that their object was to us, than that discipline of combination inculcate the necessity of Protestant and outrage in which multitudes in this union, and surely, since the period of unhappy country have been trained.”

their delivery the necessity has not

dininished. Every hour is making it The speech from which we have made this last extract, the second in the united, and yet we do not know that

more imperative on Protestants to be volume, contains one of the most pow'- the mind of Protestant Ireland is alive erful chains of close political reasoning to the emergency. The publication of that has ever, perhaps, been presented these speeches has recalled our attento the public. It was delivered at the tion to the great efforts that were Conservative Society, on the 9th Sep- made at the period of their deliverytember, and earnestly do we recom- but why are not these efforts now mend its careful perusal to every one renewed ? Where is the Conservative desirous of forming a fair opinion on the real state of Ireland. It contains the necessity of the formation of Pro

Society? All parties are agreed as to historical statements, collated evidently: testant Associations, and yet, while with care, and we may venture to add all' are ready to admit the necessity, after examination, with accuracy. but few appear ready to act on Indeed, to this latter quality a remark- the conviction ; and to join in an able testimony is borne, by the fact, attempt to establish them. There that not one of them has ever been contradicted. To this instructive point might be effected by a judicious ap

was a period when so much Mr. O'Sullivan, on another occasion, peal to public opinion. Over and thus directs attention :

over again, have we cautioned the “I beg leave before submitting the Conservatives against abandoning to motion, which it is my intention to

their enemies the imposing appearance

propose, to congratulate your lordship and of being the popular party—it carries the Society on the increasing favor with with it all the waverers and the unwhich the affairs of Protestants are re- thinking--possunt quia posse videntur garded; a result attributable, humanly is still more true as to parties than speaking, to the moderate, I trust I may individuals. The strongest party that say Christian spirit, in which our pro- do not show their power, will soon ceedings are regulated, and to the indis- become weak; ours is the national putable veracity of our statements. It cause, the cause of the nation against a should not be left unrecorded, as it has faction ; let us act like men who felt not escaped general notice, that the state- they had this lofty vantage ground. ments of Protestant grievances and perils But the policy of Conservatives has which have, from time to time, emanated been far different ; they have left their from our Society, remain to this day enemies to allege uncontradicted, that uncontradicted. Those who know the the people were with them, and by grounds of our complaints and our adver- doing so, they went far to send them saries' prudence, will not see in this any with them. The voice of the majority, matter of surprise; but it is not less

or the supposed majority, must always fitting that we should take note of confessions implied in the silence of those there is no way in which you can so ef


with it more or less weight ; who oppose us, than that, when they are bold enough to make denials, we should fectually paralyze opposition, as by perbe ready to meet them with new argu

suading each opponent that he stands

alone. or the citation of additional which in Britain the sound and conments

And this is just the process by evidence.

“ It should be observed, also, that the servative majority of her people have testimony borne by our adversaries' been awed into inactivity, or even silence is corroborated by their intem- acquiescence, by the noisy turbulence perance. Our statements have provoked of the disaffected minority. It must them to indulge in personal abuse, they be put an end to. A grand and have not goaded them into hazarding a vigorous demonstration of all that is contradiction."

sound-hearted in the country, must

force conviction that the good old Before we pass from the speeches cause has still many supporters left.


How much was effected by the ap- and employing as its instrumeuts perjury peals to the people of England, upon and murder ; employing these foul agents some of which, contained in this vo. with a caution and skill which ensure lume, we next proceed to comment. their producing pernicious effects,-rapid Thus in a spirit of honest exultation emigration of Protestants, general insespeaks Mr. O'Sullivan, at Bristol : curity, general alarm, estrangement of

the great mass of the people from all “ Mr. Chairman, Gentlemen– I wish respect for the laws, ascendancy of a reign I could, in suitable terms—and they would of terror, under which human instincts, not be unsuitable if they adequately re- thoughts of mercy, natural or acquired presented my feelingsspeak my sense of regard for justice, become paralyzed, and the favours we have received since we

the midnight legislator issues his dread appeared in this country on behalf of the mandate with a certainty of being obeyed, persecuted Protestants of Ireland.

and with a discretion which retains Ireland “ Had we listened with credulity to under his sway, while not provoking, by the discouragements addressed to us, we

too loud a cry of blood, and too extended should not have undertaken a task which

a scale of atrocities, the indignation and was represented hopeless. It was said by vengeance of England. our enemies, England will not add to “ We complain that a conspiracy like her embarrassments by protecting the this should be suffered to waste and perchurch in Ireland; she will feel danger vert a people; and we complain, that, near enough to her own, and will not after legislation has practised upon it for augment it by undertaking a cause in

more than sixty years, it should still be which she does not feel a lively interest. pronounced a mysterious system;' that Representations of this character did not it should be so styled, not by the rash or dishearten us. England, we said, has the timid, or those who have been termed already made her election. She has in the friends of religious exclusion, but, as corporated the Irish church with her own.

you heard it stated, by the Chief Justice A compact has been made: Ireland of Ireland, one whose eminent intellecsurrendered legislative independence- tual qualities have been universally acEngland promised powerful and benevo- knowledged, and whose political predileclent protection; and, even if the difficul- tions have been of that kind which are ties which demand her succour termed liberal, and which were supposed greater than they are, we firmly believe to be in unison with, or at least not that the English are not a people who opposed to the principles of the late adwill revoke a promise, and violate an ministration. On such testimony you engagement, because the keeping it is are assured that the system of outrage attended with inconvenience. On the which has afflicted Ireland for sixty years faith of this assurance we obeyed the remains to this day a mystery.” wishes of the Protestants of Ireland that we should lay their case before you.

And after an eloquent and powerful That we should be received with good exposition of that fearful state of sowill we were confident; but our most ciety, produced by the blighting influsanguine expectations have been surpassedence of this terrible confederation—a by the warmth of your fraternal and en- state of society in which the violation couraging reception.

Henceforth, per

of the law is protected by the sympahaps, the enemies of Protestantism in thies of a perverted population-he Ireland may be more chary of predictions then continues, that you will disregard your engage- • Is the British constitution fitted for ments."

such a state of things? Is it wonderful Let us see what was the complaint that it has not had power to penetrate the which, on behalf of the Protestants of conspiracy which opposed it? In truth, Ireland, our advocates were commis- as has been frequently admitted, it has sioned to make to the British people. been almost universally our condition in It was thus stated by Mr. O'Sullivan, Ireland, that while having the British

constitution in name, we have, in fact, at Liverpool :

been thankful for repeated suspensions of « Our complaint, generally stated, is, it, and that we must often be contented that there is in Ireland a conspiracy, ex

to submit to the restraints of an Insurtensively organized, having for its object rection Act, or be exposed to the horrors to extirpate Protestantism, and effect a of an insurrection. But, it should be separation of Ireland from Great Britain; observed, that it was not alone because of


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the defective instrumentality of the con- hood of their boasted tranquillity. It stitution, the confederacy for crime in was easy to accomplish this, by leaving Ireland remained so long a mystery, but to juries, composed of the members of also because it may have suited the pur- this dreadful conspiracy that pervades poses of some in high places, to co-operate the country, the trial of their accused with the agents in the nefarious system, confederates and accomplices. in covering it with secrecy. It is said Our readers are aware that the that concealment of our disorders and sition to the church is generally as.

oppoexcesses has been studied; and that even

cribed to the efforts made by her ministhe patronage and power conceded to men

ters to disseminate the Bible among the in authority to aid them in upholding people, and our adversaries allege that law, have been, in Ireland, profaned to

these efforts were unprovoked. the culpable end of keeping concealed from the public eye the flagrant excesses

“ It is only to correct a misstatement I which had not been repressed or punished. would observe that the fact was not so. I hold in my hand the testimony of a

Far more creditable had it been to the writer—not a Protestant, nor the friend ministers of our church in Ireland, had of Protestantism-not a Tory, or the

we, at all times, endeavoured to win approver of Tory rule, but a Roman souls from an unscriptural system_more Catholic, I believe a Jesuit

, whose object creditable had the impulse which of late seemed to be exclusively to advance the years roused us to exertion not been prointerests of his religion, and to co-operate voked by the bold assaults of adversaries. with her friends; but who, in a moment This, however, is the truth—Dr. Doyle of indiscretion, disclosed a fatal truth to

not incorrectly dates the commencement the disadvantage of his Whig supporters of our exertions from the year 1824. Thus Mr. Plowden wrote of the Bedford At that time, for at least two years, the Administration, which oppressed Ireland artifice and energy of the church of Rome during part of the years 1806 and 1807: had been employed against us. In the

— They betrayed an uncommon anxiety year 1822, controversial sermons to suppress the magnitude of the evil preached in the city of Dublin, of such (the prevalence of insurrection in Ireland) a character, that the Dublin Evening Post, from the eyes of the public; and for that a journal at that time the organ of the purpose resorted to the hacknied ex- Roman Catholics, was constrained to depedient of bribing the periodical publica- scribe those of one Romish ecclesiastic as tions into silence or misrepresentation.

• pestilent and abominable incentives to To some of the more independent papers blood;' to call upon the authorities of the in circulation, they offered the publication church of Rome to prohibit them, and to of the government proclamations and confess that they had aroused the fiend of advertisements, on condition of their ad. theological rancour.

In this year too, mitting no article in their paper which and while such sermons were sounding in

men's ears, should set forth fairly the actual situation

or under perusal in their of the Threshers in the western counties. hands, (for they were printed, and extenGovernment was doubly anxious that the sively circulated,) was made public the English public should believe that there astounding truth, that there was a conwas neither complaint nor cause of dis- spiracy extensively organized, having for content remainirg in Ireland. It was

its object the extirpation of Protestants, their pride to be thought capable of and the effecting a separation from heretic keeping the country in complete tranquil- England. The year following, 1823, lity without resorting to martial law or

was the era of the Hohenlohe miracles, the suspension of the habeas corpus,

at which you might smile in the security which their predecessors had always in- of your happy land, or on which you sisted upon as imperiously necessary for might calmly moralize with compassion that purpose: The proposal of govern- for human beings in a state in which such ment was rejected; and some true and things could seriously interest them; but very alarming reports of the Threshers we looked on with an earnestness not were brought before the public.'”

wholly free from alarm, and when we

remembered the ecclesiastical incentives The Whigs of the present day have to blood, the abominable conspiracy ventured on a bolder and a more profli. brought imperfectly to light, the pernigate course to attain the same end. cious interpretations of prophecy which They have taken means to prevent the unceasingly stimulated hope and enterconviction that might expose the false- prise, and heard of miracles, in which

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