ment. Thus commenced the connec- artless effusions. They are so natural tion of the Temples with Ireland. -shew such good plain sense, and The son of this Sir William, Sir John downright English (or rather once Temple, Knight, was Master of the English) feeling. Rolls, and a Privy Councillor in that The attachment between this fasci. country, and in much confidence with nating girl and Temple, for a long the Earl of Leicester, Lord-Lieutenant. time threatened “never to run smooth." His history of the Irish Rebellion of It stood long “upon the choice of 1641, is still a work of some repute. friends," wbich the bard of Avon enu

He had married a sister of the merates amongst the too frequent oblearned Dr. Henry Hammond, rector stacles in “the course of true love." of Penshurst, in Kent, the well-known Lady Giffard, in speaking of this, says, seat of the Sidneys. Under this cele. “ the accidents for seven years of that brated divine and zealous adherent of amour, might make a history, and the Charles I. William Temple, the eldest letters that passed between them, a son of their marriage, received his volume. To say nothing of his writearly education. When Hammond ing, which all the world has since been was driven from his living by the par- made judge of, I never saw any thing liamentary government, Temple was more extraordinary than her’s. The sent to a school at Bishop-Storford. most ordinary topic, as Mr. Courtenay Here he learned all the Latin and observes, is handled with a confident Greek he ever knew. His Latin he frankness, and an ease that is truly deretained, but he often regretted the lightful. The style is at once graphical loss of his Greek. After an interval and correct, and evidently conceived of two years, occasioned by the un- in purity and truth. Occasionally settled state of affairs, he went at the even political allusions appear introage of seventeen, to Emmanuel College duced most simply and unpretendingly in Cambridge, where he was under the —“ refreshing in these republican times tuition of Dr. Ralph Cudworth, author to friend of our ancient monarchy." of “ The Intellectual system of the Our readers will, we believe, thank us World.” At this time the fortunes for some extracts from them.

It was of Sir John Temple were very low ; in the Isle of Wight, immediately after but he chose to spare in any thing his leaving the University of Camrather than what might tend to the bridge, that Temple first met with advantage of his children in their Miss, or, according to the etiquette of breeding and education.

that day, Mrs. Dorothy Osborne. Her In searching amongst the Longe father, Sir Peter Osborne, had been papers at Coddenham, Mr. Courtenay appointed Governor of Guernsey by found many of the original letters Charles the First. She was with her written by the future wife of Sir Wil- brother on the way to St. Maloes, to liam Temple, previous to their mar- join her father : and Temple accomriage. Some of these are charming, panied them to France.

The King and give quite a zest to the book. was now in imprisonment, under the Amongst the number of Dorothy Os- surveillance of Colonel Hammond, in borne's devoted admirers, we beg to the Isle of Wight, and young Osborne enrol ourselves, together with was so indignant at seeing the King author. There is so much good sense, imprisoned, and treated by the Govergood feeling, and good old genuine nor so unlike what was due to him, English in these letters—the produc- that he stepped back, after his tration of a girl about two and twenty velling companions were gone before years of age--that while reading them, him out of the inn, and wrote with a (and we have read inany of them more diamond on the window—“And Haman than once,) we could not avoid a sigh was hanged upon the gallows he had preof regret in thinking how very, very pared for Mordecai.few of the dames of our own day could, The adventurous cavalier had no notwithstanding the boasted march of sooner rejoined his companions than intellect, and their supertiuity of “ac- he was seized and brought back to the complishments,” forgoiten or laid aside governor: his sister Dorothy took the alinost as

as acquired, write, offence upon herself, and the loyal think, or feel anything like these friends were suffered to depart. The



wit and loyalty thus displayed by a When I have supped I go into the garyoung lady of much personal attrac- den, and so to the side of a small river tion, and only in her twentieth, or one that runs by it, where I sit down and and twentieth year, was not lost upon wish you with me—(you had best say William Temple. In France, where he this is not kind neither.) In earnest, it stayed some time with her, they formed is a pleasant place, and would be more a lasting attachment. He proceeded so to me if I had your company, as I sit on his travels through France, Holland, there some times till I am lost with thinkFlanders, and Germany, and was

ing; and were it not for some cruel parated from the object of his love for thoughts of the crossness of my fortune, a length of time, The following are

that will not let me sleep there, I should extracts from their correspondence- forget there were such a thing to be done more instructive than the generality of

as going to bed." love letters :


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“ I have been reckoning up how many « When we have tried all ways to faults you lay to my charge in your last happiness, there is no such thing to be letter, and I'find I am severe, unjust, found but in a mind conformed to one's unmercitul, and unkind! O me! How condition, whatever it be, and in not aimshould one do to mend all those ! 'Tis ing at any thing that is either impossible work for an age; and I fear that I shall or improbable; all the rest is but vanity be so old, before I am good, that 'twill and vexatiou of spirit, and I durst pro not be considerable to any body but my- nounce it so from that little knowledge self whether I am so or not.

I have had of the world, though I had You ask me how I pass my time here. not scripture for my warrant. The I can give you a perfect account, pot shepherd that bragged to the traveller only of what I do for the present, but who asked him what weather it was like what I am likely to do this seven years, to be, that it should be what weather if I stay here so long. I rise in the pleased him, and made it good by saying morning, reasonably early, and before that it should be what weather pleased I am ready I go round the house, till God, and what pleased God should please I am weary of that, and then into the bim, said an excellent thing in rude garden, till it grow's too hot for me. I language, and knew enough to make him then think of making me ready; and when the happiest person in the world, if he that's done I go into my father's cham- made a right use of it. There can be no ber; from thence to dinner, where my pleasure in a struggling life, and that cousin Molle and I sit in great state in folly which we condemn in an ambitious a room, and at a table that would hold a

man, that's ever labouring for that which great many more. After dinner we sit is hardly got, and more uncertainly kept, and talk till Mr. P. comes in question, is seen in all according to their several and then I am gone. The heat of the humours. In some 'tis covetousness ; in day is spent in reading or working; and others pride ; in some a stubbornness of about six or seven o'clock I walk out nature, that chooses always to go against into a common that lies hard by the the tide ; and in others an unfortunate house, where a great

many young fancy to things that are in themselves wenches keep sheep and cows, and sit innocent, till we make them otherwise by in the shade singing of ballads. I go to desiring them too much. Of this sort I them and compare their voices and beauty think you and I are. We have lived to some ancient shepherdesses that I have hitherto upon hopes so airy, that I have read of, and find a vast difference there; often wondered bow they could support but trust me, I think these are as in- the weight of our misfortunes; but passion pocent as those could be. I talk to them, gives a strength above nature ; we see and find they want nothing to make it in mad people, and (not to flatter ourthem the has piest people in the world, selves) ours is but a retined degree of but the knowled e that they are madness. What can it be else, to be Most commonly while we are in the lost to all things in the world, but that middle of our discourse, one looks about single object that takes up one's faneyher and spies her cows going into the 10 lose all the quiet and repose of one's corn, and then away they all run as if life in hunting after it, when there is so they had wings at their heels. I that little likelihood of ever gaining it, and so am not so nimble stay behind, and when

many more probable accidents that will I see them driving home their cattle, infallibiy make us miss of it--and ( which think it is time for me to return too. is more than all) it is being mastered by


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that which reason and religion teach us could have the face to own it. Methinks to govern, and in that only gives us a he that writes l'Ilustre Bassa, says well pre-eminence above beasts? This, soberly in his epistle, that we are not to imagine considered, is enough to let us see our his hero to be less taking than those of error, and, consequently, to persuade us other romances, because the ladies do not to redeem it.”

fall in love with him whether he will or

not. It would be an injury to the ladies “ The lady was in the right-you are to suppose they would do so, and a A very pretty gentleman, and a modest. greater to his hero's civility if he should Were there ever such stories as those put him upon being cruel to them, since you tell? The best of it is, I believe he was to love but one. Another fault none of them, unless it be that of my I find in him is the style—it is affected. Lady Newport, which, I must confess, is Ambitioned is a great word with him, so like her, that if it be not true, 'twas at and ignore; my concern, or, of great least excellently fancied. But my Lord concern, is, it seems, properer than con. Rich is not caught, though he was near cernment; and though he makes his it. My Lord Devonshire, whose daugh- people say fine handsome things to one ter his first wife was, has engaged my another, yet they are not easy and vain Lord Warrick to put a stop to the busi. like the French; and there is a bitter ness; otherwise, I think his present want harshness in some of the discourses, that of fortune, and the little sense of honour would take to be the fault of a translator he has, might have been prevailed on to rather than of an author." marry her. It is strange to see the folly that possesses the young people of this “ But this is not all; I cannot forbear age, and the liberty they take to them- telling you that t'other day he made me selves. I have the charity to believe they a visit, and I, to prevent his making appear very much worse than they are, discourses to me, made Mrs. Goldsmith and that the want of a court to govern and Jane sit by me all the while; but he themselves by, is in great part the cause came better provided than I could have of their ruin-though that was no perfect imagined—he brought a letter with him school of virtue, yet vice there wore her and gave it me, as one that he had met mask, and appeared so unlike herself, that with directed to me—he thought it came she gave no scandal.

Such as were out of Northamptonshire. I was upon really as discreet as they seemed to be, my guard, and, suspecting all he said, gave good example, and the eminency of examined him so strictly where he had their condition made others strive to imi- it, before I would open it, that he was tate them, or, at least they durst not own hugely confounded, and I confirmed that a contrary course. All who had good it was his. I laid it by, and wished when principles and inclinations, were they would have left us, that I might couraged in them, and such as had have taken notice of it to him. But I neither, were forced to put on a band- had forbid it them so strictly before, that some disguise, that they might not be out they offered not to stir, further than to of countenance at themselves. It is cer- look out of window, as not thinking there tain, what you say, that where divine or was any necessity of giving us their eyes human laws are not positive, we may be as well as their ears; but he that thought our own judges; no body can hinder us, himself discovered, took that time to connor is in itself to be blamed. But sure fess to me (in a whispering voice, that I it is not safe to take all the liberty is could hardly hear myself,) that my letter allowed us ; there are not many that are (as my Lord Broghill says) was of great sober enough to be trusted with the concern to him, and begged I would read government of themselves; and because it, and give him my answer. others judge us with more severity than presently, as if I had meant it, but threw our indulgence to ourselves will permit, it, sealed as it was, into the fire, and told it must necessarily follow, that it is safer him (as softly as he had spoke to me) I being ruled by their opinion than by our thought that the quickest and best way

of answering it. He sat a while in great


I took it up

disorder, without speaking a word, and “ I confess I have no patience with our so rose and took his leave. Now what fuiseurs de romance when they make think you; shall I ever hear of him women court. It will never enter into more? You do not thank me for using my head that it is possible any woman your rival so scurvily, nor are you jealous can love where she is not first loved, and of him, though your father thinks my much less that, if they could do that, they intentions were not handsome towards



says our

you; which, methinks, is another argu- an admirable thing to see how ment that one is not to be one's own people will labour to find out terms that judge, for I am very confident they were, obscure a plain sense ; like a gentleman and, with his favor, shall never believe I know, who would never say, the otherwise. I am sure I had no ends to weather grew cold, but that winter began serve of my own in what I did-it could to salute us. I have no patience at such be no advantage to me, that had firmly coxcombs, and cannot blame an old uncle resolved never to marry ;-but I thought of mine, that threw the stand-dish at his it might be an injury to you to keep you man's head, because he wrote a letter for in expectation of what was never likely him, when, instead of saying (as his to be, as I apprehended. Why do í master bid him) that he would have writ enter into this wrangling discourse? Let himself, but that he had the gout in his your father think me what he pleases. hand, he said, that the gout in his hand If he ever comes to know me, the rest of would not permit him to put pen to my actions shall justify me in this; if he paper. The fellow thought he had does not, I'll begin to practise upon him, mended it mightily, and that putting pen (what you so often preached to me,) to to paper was much better than plain neglect the report of the world, and writing." satisfy myself in my own innocency. It “ There are a great many ingredients will be pleasinger to you, I am sure, to must go to the making me happy in a tell you how fond I am of your lock. husband. My cousin Fr--* Well, in earnest now, and setting aside humours must agree, and to do that, he all compliment, I never saw finer hair, must have that kind of breeding that I nor of a better colour; but cut no more have had, and used that kind of company; of it; I would not have it spoiled for the that is, he must not be so much a country world. If

you love me, be careful of it; gentleman as to understand nothing but I am combing, and curling, and kissing hawks and dogs, and be fonder of either this lock all day, and dreaming of it all than of his wife; nor of the next sort of night. The ring, too, is very well, only them, whose time reaches no farther than a little of the biggest. Send me a

to be justice of peace, and once in his life tortoiseshell one to keep it on, that is a high sheriff, who reads no books but stalittle less than that I sent for a pattern. tutes, and studies nothing but how to I would not hav ule absolutely true make a speech interlarded with Latin, without exception, that hard hairs are that may amaze his disagreeing poor illnatured, for then I should be so; but I neighbours, and fright them rather thau can allow that all soft hairs are good, and persuade them into quietness. He must so are you, or I am deceived as much as not be a thing that began the world in a you are, if you think I do not love you free school, and was sent from thence to enough. Tell me, my dearest, am 1? the university, and is at his farthest when You will not be if you think I am not he reaches the inos of court; has no acyours.”

quaintance but those of his form in

those places; speaks the French he has “In my opinion, those great scholars picked out of old law books, and admires are not the best writers, (of letters, I nothing but the stories he has heard of mean--of books, perhaps, they are.) I the rivals that were kept there before his never had, I think, but one letter from time. He must not be a town gallant Sir Tus., but 'twas worth twenty of any neither, that lives in a tavern and an orbody's else to make me sport. It was dinary; that cannot imagine how an hour the most sublime nonsense that in my life should be spent without company unless I ever read, and yet I believe he de- it be in sleeping ; that makes court to scended so low as he could, to come near all the women he sees, thinks they believe my weak understanding. 'Twill be no him, and laughs and is laughed at equally. compliment after this to say that I like Nor a travelled Monsieur, whose head is your letters in themselves, not as they feathered inside and outside, that can talk come from one that is not indifferent to of nothing but of dances and duels, and me, but, seriously, I do. All letters, has courage enough to wear slashes, when methinks, should be free and easy as our every body else dies with cold to see him. discourse_not studied as an oration, nor He must not be a fool of no sort, nor made up of hard words like a charm. 'Tis peevish, nor ill-natured, nor proud, nor

• Franklin.

Vol. VIII.

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corteous; and to all this must be added, After many expressions of affection, that he must love me, and I him, as much and reference to suspicions entertained as we are capable of loving. Without at Moor Park, &c. of their engageall this, his fortune, though never mentgreat, would not satisfy me; with it a very • I shall endeavour and accustom mymoderate one would keep me from ever self to the noise of it, and make it as easy repenting my disposal."

to me as I can, though I had much rather • Here then I declare that you have it were not talked of, till there was an abstill the same power in my heart that I solute necessity of discovering it; and you gave you at my last parting; that I will

can oblige me nothing more than in connever marry any other, and that if ever cealing it. I take it very kindly that you our fortunes will allow us to marry, you promise to use all your interest with your shall dispose me as you please, but this, to father, to persuade him to endeavour our deal freely with you, I do not hope for. happiness, and he appears so confident of No, it is ioo great a happiness, and I, that his power that he gives me great hopes. know myself best, must acknowledge that Dear, shall we ever be so happy think I deserve crosses and afflictions, but you? Ah! I dare not hope it yet ; 'tis can never merit such a blessing. You

not want of love gives me these fears, as know 'tis not a fear of want that frights in earnest, I think, nay, I am sure, I love me; I thank God I never disputed his you more than ever.' providence, nor I hope never shall; and without attributing anything to myself, in her letters with a list of her lovers

She occasionally entertains Temple I may acknowledge he has given me a mind that can be satisfied within as nar.

or servants, as she styles them, so nurow a compass as that of any person living Leporello. Of all her suitors, the one

merous as to rival that of Don Juan's of my rank, but I confess that I have a humour will not suffer me to expose my

who bore the second place to Temple, self to people's scorn: the name of love in her good graces, was no less a peris grown too contemptible by the follies son than the son of the Lord Protector of such as have falsely pretended to it, and

Henry Cromwell. It was singu

lar he should have become intimate so many giddy people have married upon that score, and repented so shamefully'af- with a family so noted for their devotedterwards, that no body can do any thing ness to the royal cause. that tends towards it without being

Soon after the violent dissolution of esteemed a ridiculous person; now as my the long parliament by Oliver Cromyoung Lady Holland says, I never pre- well, she writes thus to Temple--one tended to wit in my life, but I cannot be of the few instances in which politics satisfied that the world should think me a are alluded to in ber letters :fool, so that all I can do for you will be “ Bless me! what will become of us to preserve a constant kindness for you, all now? Is not this a strange turn? which nothing shall ever alter or diminish. What does my Lord L-think ?I'll never give you any more alarms by Sure this will at least defer your journey. going about to persuade you against that Tell me what I must think on't ; whether you have for me, but from this hour will it be better or worse, or whether you are live quietly; no more fears, no more at all concerned in it; for if you are not, jealousies, the wealth of the whole world, I am not. Only if I had been so wise as by the grace of God, shall not tempt me to have taken hold of the offer was made to break my word with you, nor the im- me of H. C.t I might have been in a fair portunity of all the friends I have. Keep way of preferment; for sure they will be ihis as a testimony against me, if ever I greater now than ever. Is it true that do, and make me a reproach to them Al. S. 4 was so unwilling to the house,

that the G.9 was fain to take the pains

to turn him out himself? Well 'tis a “ Who knows what a year may pro- pleasant world this. If Mr. Pim were duce ? If nothing, we are but where we alive again, I wonder what he would think were, and nothing can hinder us from of these proceedings, and whether this being at least perfect friends-Adieu.” would appear as great a breach of the pri

by it."

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• Philip Lord Lisle, son of Robert, second Earl of Leicester, and elder brother to Algernon Sidney, was a republican. He was of the Protector's Council, and destined for his other house. Noble's Cromwell, ii. 279. † Henry Cromwell.

Algernon Sidney. $ General.

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