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to them about what was in my mind, tain,” says I, spakin' up to him for as and in six months from that mornin' gruif as he was, “but troth myself thinks there was a dhrove iv us as good as a it's your ould sweetheart," manin' the quarter of a mile along the road to ould vessel your honour, for he used still Dundalk. Most of all the neighbours to call her his beautiful Peggy, all as agreed there was nothin' for them but one as if it was a christian woman was to imigrate; and a sorrowful party you in it; 'faix, says I, myself thinks its ould may be sure were, leaving our crazy Jane has all the clover to herseli, beautiful homes, that seemed mournin' for by gor she's retchin' and roarin' that alther us, they looked so sorrowful all you'd swear she was goin' to burst.' shut up, and neither man nor haste in And you might swear a worse oath thc sunny

fields about them. I mind nor that same, and has afore now I'll myself could'nt keep in the tear when be bound ; but it's what I mane,' says young Maguire says to me, stoopin' he, 'that we'll soon be where the fish to pluck a blade of the green whate, is plenty.' that I mightu't see his face, the Och by dad, now I seen at wanst crathur,

what he was at; and the divil a Jemmy," says he, "where will we thruer prophet of evil ever you kem be when that corn's yellow ?"

“ God knows, Johnny avich,” says I, • The storm riz, and such days and " but wherever we are, HE will be the nights as we had, tossin' about in that poor exile's safeguard ; and I hope, wild sea, and with a sky ten times says I, that the next that comes to wilder hangin' over us, for not an inch Lisnasharra may be as happy in it as iv it you'd think but was torn up, with was them that'š lavin' it with broken the lightnin' Ayin' out on every side ; hearts this mornin'."

and sure I mind as myself and another “ Amen!” says Johnny, and troth, sir, were looking at the tempest, for what you could see the tears rollin' down the could we do but look at it, God help us, poor boy's cheeks. But the devil a he says to me, “Jemmy,' says he, hair myself cared if it was to Kams-“if the sea was made o'whiskey now !" kathy, or the deserts iv Arabia I was - And if it was?' says I. goin', when I had my own lawful and “Och murdher if it was,' says he, wedded wife to wander with me through what a sight it would be for the man the world.

in the moon to see the world afire “ We were betther nor three weeks at such a night as this! sea, when the weather began to grow “Wellsir, you'd think thatould tathermighty stormy ; and the women was the-wind was just takin' her divarsion wishing hard to be across, and by dad out o' the ocean, the way it pitched maybe more nor the women wished her and tumbled her, but the divil a it, though they didn't let on. Well, sink it would sink her. The women sir, one evening, when the sun was ran here and there, screechin' all sorts goin' down, and the whole sky about o’murther ; but somehow it was worse it that red and blackish, that you'd think to see the men walkin' about like ghosts, it was a town on fire, I comes up to for the ship was soon beyant their mawhere the captain was standin' wid a nagement, and it was hard on them, you spy-glass in his fist, musin' like, and know, to be forced to give themselves lookin' out over the wild waters. He and the women up for lost. The capwas a murtherin' rogue this captain, and tain would sometimes roar to lower the would still be muttherin' and grumblin' boats, but then he'd see it was only about one thing or another, and for reg'lar madness he was talkin', for if the ever cursin' the bloody Irish papishes; sea was wild at first, by gor now it was but we seldom noticed him either good mad outright; but at long last one or bad, seein' he was no betther nor an night, when we thought the ould vessel ignorant hathen, to curse God's cratures was sinkin' they let them down, and as out among the elements, and nothin' they did there was a rush across the but the black ocean below him and deck, and then rose among the thunthem. Howsomdever as I comes up, der the horrible scream that would he says, "Faix,' says he, “the papishes have split your heart, and I doubt are in clover now any way.'

there's none livin' to tell who escaped “Why then, more power to you cap- in the boats, or how many poor

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wretches seen for a minute thankful that she was spared, though in strugglin' in the boilin'waves afore they troth, sir, to tell you the truth, I doubt disappeared for ever. I spied a head, she'll not be long among us.

She your honour, for the long black hair never complains to mortal, the crather, was streamin' through the foam, and I yet it's easy seein' the poor heart's in seen the pale face where the lightnin' trouble within. But there's a pleasant was dashin' in among the waves, and I sight, your honourmade one flyin' bound and caught her As he spoke, I observed lights just as she was sinkin' down-down to glancing through the gloom, which enwhere she now lies, dark and could, creasing in number and brilliancy as we the threasure o' my heart. They threw approached, seemed like the welcome me a rope, and I climbed up the side of cheerful and hospitable homes. We o'the ship, and afther thryin' long to reached at length the little territory, recover my poor Nancy, we waked her and beautiful it was to behold it lying there in that solitary wreck, where only so still and solitary in the bosom of that a few deserted crathurs wandered up magnificent wilderness. The harvest and down, as ghastly, and for all the moon was at the full, and shed down world as like death as the poor corpse her benignant light upon the yellow before them. It was a mournful night! fields, amongst which the shanties were and sure we all agreed it was our last, but scattered here and there, some in next mornin' some o' them got a glimpse glimmer and some in gloom;" the iv a sail, and they stood at the edge o' farms stretching on every side into the the ship with the eyes startin' out o' darkness of the surrounding forest. I their heads; and no wonder if their shall never forget my residence in that raison was a trifle shook with starvation lonely sanctuary, nor the painful interand hardship,—but when they seen it est with which I contemplated the fate makin' towards us, and that it would be of the beautiful and unhappy exile, for up with us in no time, they knelt down even in the spring of life her days were every one o' them round the corpse, numbered. and they thanked God and the blessed Some years had elapsed since that Virgin for their own safety, and prayed period, when I returned to the Canafor mercy on her poor sowl. G for- dian village ; and I met my old friend give me, your honour, I neither knelt M‘Mahon, sadly worn ; and old and nor prayed, nor cast a second look on wasted before his time. The cheerfulthe help HE sent us, but only on her ness of spirit which, when I saw him that lay there, beyant help or hope, and first, had in some degree survived all sure when the vessel raiched us, the bis misfortunes, was now extinguished; sight left my eyes, for they tore me he had fallen into the sear and yellow away, and that's the last was ever seen leaf, a gloomy and hopeless man ; but o' the pride o' Lisnasharra. Well, sir, his brow reddened when standing unafter a couple more days sailin', we covered beside a forest grave, the emiwere landed safe in Canada, and off we grant said—“There she lies sir, her set, and never stopt till we got right troubles are over now_but God forinto the forest, and here we're livin' not give them that had no feelings for overly happy to be sure, but well their own flesh and blood, and could enough considerin'. The misthress lives live in grandeur, while the flower of with ould Mrs. Doolan, and though their flock wandered desolate and heartthere isn't one iv us but lost some broken through the world.” friends on that awful night, yet we're


Toproceed with our Statistics, we shall habit of the poorer classes, of wearing take up the work at that division at coarse linen clothing instead of woollen. which we left off in our last number. It is true that the peasantry of Ulster

On looking to the returns of the are in Ireland proverbially designated quantities of British and Irish linen as the “broad-cloth men," and that to and sail-cloth exported from the United a traveller merely passing through the Kingdom, in each year, from 1820 to country, the blue coat and brass but1833, inclusive, we find that the Irish tons of the farmer will exhibit a pleaslinen trade had been increasing rapidly ing contrast to the unsightly and unup to 1824, but since that year has been couth great coat of the more southern yet more rapidly falling away. The Eng- peasant. This, however, proceeds from lish linen trade has progressively in- two causes-the first of which is the creased, and has more than doubled neatness which belongs to protestantwithin the period we have stated. The ism ; the other is to be found in the export of British sail-cloth has been, fact, that there is no domestic woollen upon the whole, rather increasing, and manufacture ;

the consequence of the same may be said with respect to which is, that all who can afford it the same manufacture in Ireland : but purchase the English broad cloth ; the trade in both these articles bas while those who are too poor to obbeen so irregular as to render it difficult tain this comfort, are compelled to to ascertain its actual state of deterio- clothe themselves with the coarser ration or improvement ; it being not species of their own home-made linen. unfrequently in one year double that of It is common, therefore, to meet in that the preceding or following. The con- part of the kingdom, in the sleet and sumption of Irish linen in the United snow of a winter's day, labourers workKingdom was increasing up to 1826 ; ing, clad, with the exception of their but being placed under coast regulations stockings, entirely in coarse linen, in that year, and exempted from entry while their wives and daughters, as we inwards, we have from that time fore have been told by the ladies of our faward no means of ascertaining whether mily, for we do not pretend to assert it fell off again in the same manner, as any thing of our own knowledge about we have already seen that the export such mysteries, seldom possess the trade of the same article has done. We luxury of a flannel petticoat. It is obhave reason to think that it did so fall vious that diseases of the most afflicting away ; but we believe it has revived a nature must be, as we know they are, little in the last few years.

produced by thc habit of enduring long Important, however, as the linen continued wet and cold, with such trade has been to Ireland, and especi- covering, and allowing it afterwards to ally to the most deserving portion of dry upon the person.

That this has it, the province of Ulster, we cannot been a consequence of the linen trade refrain from availing ourselves of this of Ulster, is, we fear, but too true ; but opportunity of expressing an opinion, it is equally true that this evil has been to which a long residence in that part increased rather than diminished by of the kingdom, and an intimate ac- the failure of that trade ; the former quaintance with the habits of its pea- having called into existence a great santry has given rise, that much of the number of looms, and trained a great ill-heaith which must but too forcibly portion of the peasantry to weave ; strike every one who is at all conver- while the latter threw those looms out sant with the circumstances and situa- of employment, and, by destroying the tion of the lower orders in Ulster, may export, increased the domestic conbe in a great degree attributed to the sumption. It is true that the introduc

Our readers will perceive this paper to be only a continuation of one in our last number, headed, “ Official Tables of Commerce, &c.” We have now affixed to it a title, perhaps less formidable to the reader who is not willing to encounter a mass of documents, and certainly more indicative of its true character.

Vol. VIII.


tion of cotton manufactures has been of steel had about trebled. The United essential use in affording much more States of America hold the highest rank wholesome covering than linen ; but among this class of customers. We have the value of eotton is as a garment next been informed on the best authority that the skin, while as a protection against the American orders at this moment wet and cold from without, it is in Sheffield would require 8 months to scarcely more powerful than linen.- execute. The proportionate quantities We would earnestly wish to see the exported to the principal foreign niarattention of Irish landlords in general, kets may be thus nearly expressed :and especially of our Ulster represen- The United States, 73 ; North Ametatives, directed to the encouragement, rican Colonies, 11 ; Asia, 10; Gerboth personal and legislative, of a do- many, 7; British West Indies, 5; mestic woollen manufacture. We do not Mexico and South America, ditto ; mean, nor perhaps under the circuin- Gibraltar, Brazil, &c. 3. We were surstances would it be possible, to com- prised to find the exports of lead rapete with the broad-cloth manufacturers pidly and steadily diminishing. We of England : although we protest can only account for this by the suppoagainst the idea that England has that sition that foreign nations got so tired right to impose a veto on the trade or of our gratuitous export of British lead manufactures of Ireland, which she cer- during the late war, that they are tainly has to restrict those of her co- afraid of having anything more to do lonies ; but we do mean that an active with it. Here, however, again, Ameand energetic encouragement should rica is by far our best market. It is be given to such a coarse woollen ma- remarkable that the quantity of British nufacture as would meet the wants and tin coined has been rapidly increasing, preserve the constitutions of that although the export of it continues stapoorer, but most industrious and nu- tionary. merous class, who are unable to pur- We regret that our limits will not chase English cloth, and could not permit us to notice the very interesting therefore, in such case, be considered and minute statistics of our Newfound.

consumers withdrawn from the land fisheries, &c. as well as of our English market. This would have whale, seal, cod, herring, and other another good effect in rendering animal fisheries. food cheaper in that province; as at

From the tables of the average prices present agriculture has so completely of wheat, as published in the London overpowered sheep-farming, that, to Gazette, from 1770 to 1829, in periods use the expressive phrase of the people of ten years, and the average of the themselves—"a joint of mutton will next four years to 1833, inclusive, we soon be a sight to cure sore eyes.”

find that they rose enormously during But to return to our statistics. We the war. The averages so taken were find from some of the tables in this as follows, in each of those periods, work, that the total consumption of price per quarter, 45s. 9d.—555. 11d. wool in the United Kingdom has 82s. 20.--88s. 8d.—58s. 55.-60s. 6d. greatly increased of late years. In the "The export of gunpowder was in 1833 year 1833, it amounted to nearly forty increasing. We had hardly expected million lbs. This is likely to increase to find that the greatest demand for yet farther from the supply that we may this article was on the western coast of expect from our Australian colonies. Africa. The proportions of the market

The export trade of iron, we find to were as follows:- Africa, 32; Amebe increasing ; but it is a fact rather rica, 7; Europe, 4; Asia, 1. The remarkable, and we fear in some degree whole export amounted to nearly four ominous to our manufacturing prospects; and a half million pounds. that this increase of export has taken We shall conclude this division of place more in unwrought, than manu- the work with two branches of inforfactured, iron and steel, in the propor- mation ; the one as interesting to the tion of about three to two. The ex. fops, as the other to the school-boys of port of British hardware and cutlery in the empire. We find from the “ Account 1831, was valued about £1,600,000. In of the goods actually in bonded waretwelve years the export of cutlery had houses in the port of London, on the nearly doubled ; but that of unwrought 5th of January 1832 and 1833 respec


tively," that there were a hundred and of the account, viewed as a dead loss, seventy-seven thousand walking canes, that is, as an export; and to place the and four million eight hundredthousand value of the horse on the other side of rattans, bonded in London on the fifth the account, viewed as a clear gain, that of January 1833. We are happy, is, as an import ; and then, by striking however, to be able to congratulate ihe the balance of the purchase-money, or last of the two classes of gentry above. loss, or export, and the horse, or gain, mentioned, on the improvement of their or import, to ascertain whether the moral character, to be inferred from the purchaser be a gainer or a loser by the fact, that the store of rattans was less transaction. How then do we estimate than in former years. We had almost the gain ? Simply thus : we say that forgotten to congratulate ourselves, and the horse was worth £50, while the of course our adınirers, the public at money paid for him was but £40, and larye, on the fact that the store of goose that the gain was therefore £10: that quills amounted to above fifteen mile the value of the trade of the individual, lions and a half.

as regarded that horse, was £10. Now, We shall now proceed to notice, if the horse had been made a present what is to us, perhaps, the most impor- to the man, he would have gained £50. tant part of this work--the statements Whence then does he only gain £10? connected with the trade of Ireland; Because the gain of £50 was compenbut before we enter on this subject, we sated by the loss of £40. We are almust make a few observations upon an most disposed to laugh at ourselves for error, to lis almost unaccountable, taking the trouble to prove so simple which is widely diffused among even an assertion, but we know by experithe thinkiny classes of both kingdoms. ence that this trouble is not unnecesWe constantly hear persons gravely sary. Now then, we trust, that our assuming that the encrease of the ex- position will not be disputed, that in port trade of a country is a criterion of order to ascertain whether ibe trade of the comforts of its inhabitants. The a country be beneficial or injurious, we difficulty chiefly to be met with in ar- must view its export and import in opguing with these persons, consi-ts in posite columns as loss and gain, and their habit of confounding the export strike the balance between them. It trade taken by itself, with the import is natural that the inhabitants of seatrade which it produces ; and of perpe- port towns should be unwilling to actually shifting their ground in their knowledge this ; because both species mode of viewing that export. In the of trade are beneficial to them. observations we shall make, we shall But we would beg leave to ask them take the liberty of binding them down one question. Are they in the habit by a few siinple propositions. In the of considering very high prices as a first place, then, we request them to proof of the superfluous wealth of the commence by viewing exports and im- people, or as a proof of their want of ports separately : we shall presently the article for which they pay those give thein leave to view them together. prices ? They will answer, “ certainly The exports of a country are of its pro- the latter.” Why then do they conduce that portion which its inhabitants sider the export of an article as a proof do not consume-do not enjoy ; that that there is a superfluous quantity in portion wbich is paid as purchase, the country ? But we shall presently money for imports ; that portion which notice this more fully: To proceed is to be considered as decidedly a dead then the fair way to view this subject loss to the native, as the money paid is to consider what would be the beau for a horse is a dead loss to the pur- ideal" of the intercourse of a nation with chaser. Here we are at issue with its neighbours. First then, let us see these gentlemen ; for it is next to im- what would be the perfection of that possible to persuade them to view the intercourse, as respects the interests of subject in this manner ; and yet they the nation itself. It is obvious that the must see, if they would reflect, that the most fortunate nation would be that only possible mode of asceraining which imported every species of neceswhether the purchaser of the horse sary and luxury of lite, without any gains or loses by his bargain, is to place export or purchase-money whatever ; the sum paid for the lorse on one side and the number of whose inhabitants


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