very happily displayed. Pressing the cient, we are glad to know that that government on one occasion, for some deficiency will shortly be supplied, in a information which it was not felt very memoir which is in progress of prepaconvenient to give, his forbearance ration, and intended to accompany a was solicited, upon the ground that corrected edition of his speeches, by the minister was not present whose his kinsman Captain Warden Flood, * duty it would have been to answer his a gentleman already advantageously question. Flood good humouredly as- known to the literary public;t and in sented to the appeal, observing, as he all respects qualified to do the subject pointed to the empty bench, where ample justice. We take this opporthe absent minister was used to sit, tunity of acknowledging our obligations

Formerly the oak of Dodona is said to him for the kindness with which he to have uttered oracles itself; but the put at our disposal much of the valuwooden oracle of our treasury is com- able information which he had been at pelled to give his responses by deputy.the pains to acquire ; and trust that

It is, however, time for us to con- nothing will prevent his speedy com. clude. Enough has, we trust, been pletion of the good work which he has said to enable the reader to form a commenced; and that we may shortly just estimate of the various powers of have to congratulate our readers upon this great man, and of his conduct as a a valuable accession to the literature of senator both in England and in Ire- Ireland. land. But if our sketch has been defi

* Of the Fifty First Regimento + He has written a very instructive and interesting Sketch of the Military and Political State of Prussia."


IRELAND is at the present day unques- ness, and the aridity of the continent. tionably one of the most interesting In British scenery we find the mounportions of Europe. In the midst of tains rolled and swelling, rarely attainscenery, which alone insures us no in- ing the limits of an enduring cap of considerable share of attention from the snow, and distinguished more by simordinary tourist, we exhibit a state of plicity and breadth, than by any fansociety, in all respects most inviting to tastic forms of outline or configuration. the philosophic traveller, and a condi- In our horizons, peaks are but of occation of affairs, economically speaking, sional occurrence, and pinnacles are so full of the deepest interest for the spe- rare as to be almost unknown. The culative and the practical man. peaks again are not of the splintered

Taking these attractions, local, social, and jagged Alpine character; but and «conomical, in series, we will be- massive, comparatively smooth, and gin with the most obvious, because showing an easy outline on every side. hitherto the most generally recognised, In the intervals between our mountains, the scenery of the island. Irish scenery the ravine generally spreads into a glen, may be classed with that order known before it can attain the dimensions of to painters by the epithet “ British ;" an Alpine valley, and when our glen the characteristics of which are, mode- has expanded itself into an opener rate elevation, undulation and verdure, country, the undulations of other hills as opposed to the altitude, the abrupt- invariably contract it before it can com

New Works for Tourists in Ireland.—Guide through Ireland, being a description of the country; its commerce, manufactures, scenery, and antiquities. With an Appendix, containing a brief account of its botany, geology, population, &c. With numerous uselul tables. Dublin, William Curry, Jun. & Co. 1836.—Unpublished.

Guide to the County of Wicklow, new edition, Dublin, same publishers, 1835. Guide to the Giant's Causeway, new edition. Dublin, same publishers, 1834. Guide to Killarney and Glengariff, new edition. Same publishers, 1835.

Guide to Dublin, with a notice of the surrounding country, and its geology.Dublin, same publishers, 1835.

pare with a continental plain. Thus, the appearance and the comforts of in form and proportion we are less many districts in Ireland. Where the grand, but more graceful; so, in co- glens are numerous, the streams lively, louring, our superior verdure more than and the pastures good, we confess we counterbalances our want of equal vas sigh for no more sylvan honors than the riety of hue. Our grasses, heaths, and natural drapery of their own hazels timbers, present an effect so charac- and hawthorns ; but in the open counteristic and distinctive, that the eye at try which never possessed the pastoral once recognises a British meadow, a character that we would be sorry to see British mountain, or a British forest, banished from our grazing borders, we whether on canvass or spread upon the do bitterly lament the absence of suffi. face of the real landscape. The grasses cient timber to save us from the reindeed are green with a verdure pecu- proaches of certain members of the liarly their own; the heaths throw a Twiss family—a clan not yet extinct, broader, browner shade athwart the nor wholly left without a leader, since mountain, and the forms of the forest Mr. Barrow, we perceive, has latterly trees give a distinctive air of massive made serious pretensions to the honors and umbrageous leafiness to our woods, of the vacant utensil. Still, few and which we look for in vain in any other far between as our wooded districts uncountry.

fortunately are, even in these we find new characteristics

of our « Ever charming, ever new,

native When will the landscape tire the view?


“ It has been remarked by The fountain's fall, the river's flow,

more than one artist of eminence," says The wooded valley, warm and low,

Mr. Croker, “as a comment on the The windy summit, wild and high,

Irish landscape, that the forms of the Roughly rushing to the sky

trees are more graceful and capricious The pleasant seat, the ruined tower,

than in England—“ Your trees,” said a The naked rock, the shady bower,

gentleman to me, “partake of your naThe town and village, dome and farm,

tional character; wild and irregular, Each gives each a double charm, Like pearls upon an Eothiop's arm."

they both assume extraordinary rainifi

cations, that treated with justice by :: The scenery of Ireland, however, master-hand, appear noble while it falls in general outline and ac- but of which, an unskilful delineator, companiment, under the order of British produces only clumsy caricatures.”— landscape, is again distinguished by its But the grand characieristic which, lo. own peculiarities of feature and expres- gically speaking, puts the difference sion.' North and South Britain pre- between the scenery of the two islands, sent respectively, the extremes of wild is that of colour, and this not more in sterility and tame cultivation. Ireland, the verdure of our fields, than in the less rugged than the one, and more va- foliage of our woods, and the ever varyried and undulating than the other, sur. ing and delightful tints of our mounpasses both in that combination of pic. tains ; for, be the cause what it may, turesque effect and arable facility, which whether a peculiar moisture of our atseems to us to constitute the most atinosphere, or a soil resting for the happy physical characteristic of any

most part upon a substratum of linecountry. Our streams are here more stone, or both causes conjointly, certain numerous, and more rapid than in Eng- it is that our Irish landscape presents a land—less brawling and precipitous clearness, a brilliancy, a dewy, serene, than in Scotland, but clearer, more co- and blooming fresliness, solely and espious, and more available for useful pur- sentially its own. Even Barrow cannot poses than those of either South or help being struck with it.

The long North Britain. Barer of timber than dry summer,” he says, “had converted the one, but much better wooded than all the parks and the green fields of the other, we can perhaps claim some Enyland, (and Scotland too had similar, thongh slight advantages in this taken of the same russet hue,) into the respect also, for it is quite as certain colour and appearance of a turnpike that the too close hedge-rows of Eng, road; but from the moment of landing land are detrimental to the productive- in Ireland, such was the fresh, vivid, ness of her fields, as that the bareness of and brilliant verdure, interspersed with timber is a material drawback both on waving corn fit for the sickle, that I

Vol. VIII.


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was ready to exclaim,-- This truly, is with all submission humbly to plead for the Emerald Island ! How fully sen- a daisy or two on the turf ihat awaitssible of our superiority in this respect, and long may it await,—the father of were our native bards will be in the re- Irish


in his own loved “ Land collection of all who have read the ver- of Song.” Let us not deny, however, sions of some Irish songs, in former that among the numerous epithets benumbers of this Magazine. Here, how- stowed upon the sacred island from ever, are some stanzas even time to time, there have been some less deeply imbued with the national co- complimentary than graphic. Mr. lours than any we have yet quoted- Croker tells us of an individual who they are indeed verdurously national, had the hardihood to describe a highly and dripping with poetic dew. The romantic district of Munster, as "the poet is apostrophising the valleys of back bone of the earth, picked bare by Ireland

the devil;" and we ourselves once overVales of yews, knotty and branchy;

heard the wife of an English soldier, Vales of dew-glistening drops, and sleek milch kine; while toiling through the streets of a Vales of various tints, star-glittering and sunny, northern town, in a slight April shower, Resplendent vales, pearl.gleaming and bird-war- imprecate very dreadful curses on bling!

“ Mud Hoireland,” as she barbarously Vales of cuckoos, sweet-singing thrushes and

termed it ; what rendered the blasblackbirds,

phemy more shocking and unaccountBee-abounding-and of the fox.covers Grassy, cressy, selgy,

able, being, that she was, at that very Shainrock-bearing, flowery, verdant, and umbra

moment mounted on pattens, which ef

fectually elevated her above the slightSterility is foreign from our soil, both

est inconvenience, wbile dozens of the high and low land, and not to leave the ingenuous daughters of green Erin were hills without their just share of celebra- tripping barefoot through rut and tion, we will venture to quaff a few kennel, not only without a murmur, but drops of mountain dew from the same

actually smoothing down their glistensource above referred to

ing locks, and pluming themselves in

the genial eleinent like swans on CydA pleasant place Ireland for hospitable cheer,

nus—fair black-feet that they were ! Uileacın Dubh (! Where the wholesome fruit is bursting from the

Why--that our skies are sometimes

overcast-that our horizons are occayellow barley var,

sionally bounded by a bog—that the There's honey in the trees where her misty flats of Mayo look dreary enough with vales expand,

their dry stone ditches and cabins of And the forest paths in suinmer are by falling mud; that local guide books and Sun

day tourists, have somewhat overrated at high noon-tide there, and

the horrors of the Scalp, and the ensprings i' the yellos sand,

chantments of the Dargle; these are On the fair hills of holy Ireland!

plausible assertions, which we do not Doctor Drennan of Belfast was the pa- feel inclined altogether to deny. Next triotic sponsor who first gave Ireland her to Glasgow, indeed, we are free to adproper name of the Emerald Isle," and mit that Belfast and Derry are but for this service the dutiful god-child will damp quarters in the rainy season. The dress his grave with her greenest sham- fens of Lincolnshire excepted, we know rocks, while there is a drop of dew in not where the face of nature wears a her veins. She owes another verdant

more disconsolate aspect than in our sod to poor Ned Lysaght, for his

own Bog of Allen. Save Dr. Johnson's tender appellation of The world's description of that interesting terrene, Cushla-machree ;" and, although young whereTwiss maintains that she has neither

There's but ane tree in the land, right nor title to be called,

“ First

And that's the goodly gallows treeFlower of the Earth,” unless by flower we do confess that we have read nowe are understood to allude figu- thing more disheartening to the arboriratively as it were, to the flower of cultural tourist, than a late account of the potato, in which case he would the country between Tuam and Baladmit her to a sort of farinaceous re- laghadereen. Nevertheless, the boys spectability, --still we would be disposed, notwithstanding, we are disposed to

Uileacan Dubh O!

waters fann'd; There's dew

believe that in point of scenery, Ireland or when, at a later hour of the day, it is even now not inferior either to Eng- has appeared stretched across the land or Scotland, and are quite sure ample sides of Müllrea, penetrating that she possesses the capability of far into the deep blue waters that flow being rendered, within half a century, at its base. With feelings of grateful vastly superior to either.

recollection, too, we may hail the reTo conclude the characteristics, we peated visits of this heavenly messenwill only add, (and in truth it is but a ger, occasionally as often as five or six drizzly consolation,) that the change- times in the course of the same day, in ableness of our skies is in some mea- a country exposed to such astonishing, sure made amends for by the variety of and at times almost incessant, floods of effect thereby imparted to the land- rain.”. (Letters from the Irish Highscape, and by the breadth and beauty lands.) of our rainbows_“I wish,” exclaims So far of the general characteristics one of the most delightful writers on of Irish scenery: a species of the Irish scenery and Irish manners,—"I British; the dew-point, so to speak, wish you were here, (in Connamara,) to putting the difference. We will now enjoy in rapid succession, and with all proceed to take a rapid survey of the its wild magnificence, the whirlwind, face of the country. the tempest, the ocean's swell, and, as Ireland has been compared not inBurns beautifully expresses it

aptly to a dish ;* for, an extended field "Some gleams of sunshine mid renewing storms."

of limestone occupies almost without

interruption the whole of the interior ; Today there have been fine bright in- and elevations, rising on all hands tervals, and, while returning from a towards the coast, surround this cenhasty ride, I have been greatly de- tral plain with a natural rim of mounlighted with the appearance of a rain- tain. The figure is an irregular paralbow ; gradually advancing before the lelogram. A line drawn from Fair. lowering clouds, sweeping with ma- head, in Antrim, to Erris-head, in jestic stride across the troubled ocean, Mayo, would be nearly equal and then, as it gained the beach and parallel with the southern coast as reseemed almost within my grasp, va- presented by a line drawn from Carnnishing among the storm of which it sore point, in Wexford, to Mizenhad been the lovely but treacherous head in Cork. It follows that if we forerunner. It is, I suppose, a conse- connect Fairhead and Carnsore point quence of our situation, and the close on the one side, and Erris-head and connection between sea and mountain, Mizen-head upon the other, we will that the rainbows here are so frequent have (making the necessary allowand so peculiarly beautiful. Of an ances) a rough rhomboid of about amazing breadth and with colours vivid 210 English miles by 160 do; the beyond description, I knew not whe- diagonals, cutting one another about ther most to admire this aërial pheno- the confluence of the Suck and the menon when, suspended in the western Shannon, a little south of Athlone. If sky, one end of the bow sinks behind from this point as centre with Dublin, the island of Boffin, while, at the dis- as radius we describe a circle, it will tance of several leagues, the other rests correspond pretty nearly with the cenupon the misty hills of Innis Turc; tral basin alluded to above. Now, the

• The following diagram may, perhaps, assist the imagination of the reader, as well as prove serviceable in affording an easy method of obtaining at any time a correct skeleton of the Map of Ireland. Describe a square (a b c d) and

produce a side of it (cb) till the side and its produced part equal the diagonal. Produce the opposite side in a like manner at its remote extremity (to f), and join the extremities of these equal and parallel lines. There you will have a parallelogram (a e cf), the angles of which will coincide or very nearly so with the four leading points of the outline of the Irish coast, viz. either of the obtuse angles (c) may be taken as Tuskar Rock, off the south western extremity of Wexford; then will the remaining obtuse angle (a) coincide with ErrisHead in Mayo; and of the acute angles that to the north (e) will coincide with Fair-Head in Antrim, while the remaining one (f) falls ten miles due south of MizenHead in Cork. These great landmarks established, we will obtain some further

chief elevations being external to this lozenge-shaped parallelogram, that the plain, it will readily be seen, from the main mountain groups must be sought consideration of a circle inscribed in a for in the unoccupied angles of the

points of importance, by inscribing a circle (z h ky) in the square. The centre of this circle (9) will coincide with the confluence of the Suck and Shannon; its point of contact with the square upon the east (h) will coincide very nearly with Dublin ; on the west (y) with Kilkernan bay, and very nearly with Birterbuy and Roundstone; ou the south (k) with Lismore, and on the north (2) with Loch Melvin a little to the east of Sligo bay; while its whole circumference may be considered roughly to represent the great limestone field which occupies the centre of the island. Its intersections also, with the diagonals of the square, afford some other points worth marking as at (m) Mount Nephin, on the north west, and (n) Scullogh Gap, between Mount Leinster and Blackstairs mountains on the south-east. Its intersection on the southwest (o) makes pretty nearly the locality of the caves of Ballybunian. half of its vertical diameter (z g) and the lower half of the diagonal (9 0) with which it makes the last mentioned intersection give pretty nearly the course of the Shannon. The eastern half of its horizontal diameter gives the line of the Grand Canal, and a straight line (pr) perpendicular thereto, bisecting the lower compartment of the square, marks not inaccurately the course of the Barrow, its intersection with the diagonal (s) the eastern boundary of the Castlecomer coal district.

The dimensions of the principal parts would be as follows : side of square and diameter of circle, 150 English miles; longer side of parallelogram, 212 English miles; shorter ditto, 163 ditto; area of ditto 34,556 sq. miles.

The upper

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A few other places of note which we have marked, although not immediately pointed out by the lines of the diagram, aru the Twelve Pins (v); 'The Killery (w); The Giant's Causeway (r); Valentia Island (I); Lakes of Killarney (0).

Owing to a slight error in the execution of the woodcut (10) and (v) are both north of their true places, is will readily be seen by reference to any larger sized map.

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