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in public, and has been the means of producing many excellent young orators, that have occasionally entertained large audiences *; and it is hoped will soon become an honour and an ornament to their country, in the various stations to which they may be called. This attention to public speaking, which is begun here with the very rudiments of the mothertongue, is continued down to the end; and especially in the philosophy schools, where the youth frequently deliver exercises of their own composition, at com. mencements, examinations, and other public occa. sions.
* A number of the students and scholars, with very just applause, performed the Masque of Alfred by way of oratorial exercise, before the earl of Loudon and the governors of the several colonies, who met at Philadelphia in the beginning of the year 1757.
The choice of this performance was owing to the great similarity of circumstances in the distress of England under the Danish invasion, and that of the colonies at this time under the ravages and incursions of the Indians. The whole was applied in an occasional prologue and epilogue : and at any time a sufficient number of speakers may be found to perform any piece of this kind, in a manner that would not be disagreeable to persons of the best taste and judgment. Mr. Sheridan, it is to be presumed, never heard of the constitution of this seminary, when he asked the following question in his introductory discourse to Lectures on Elocution, &c.
• To instruct our youth," says he, “in the arts of reading and writing, there are many seminaries every where established, throughout this realm; but who, in these countries, ever heard of a master for the improvement of articulation, for teaching the due proportion of sounds and quantity of syllables in the English language, and for pointing out to his pupils, by precept and example, the right use of accents, emphases, and tones, when they read aloud, or speak in public?"
Now the professor of English and oratory mentioned aboye, is exactly such a master of articulation as this, and has been employed in the college and academy of Philadelphia from its first foundation. And if the many advantages, that have arisen from this part of the plan, were sufficiently known, they would furnish one very convincing argument in favour of the point, which Mr. Sheridan is so worthiły striving to accomplish, in behalf of the language and elocution of his country.
The third and highest branch of the institution is the college, in which the learned languages and the sciences are taught, as in other colleges and universities, though on a plan somewhat different. It consists of the Latin and Greek schools, and three philosophy schools. An account of the whole follows.
LATIN AND GREEK SCHOOLS.
First form or stage. Grammar. Vocabulary. Sententiæ Pueriles. Cordery. Æsop. Erasmus.
N. B. The youth to be exact in declining and conjugating; and to begin to write exercises, for the better understanding of Syntax. Writing, reading and speaking of English to be continued likewise if necessary
Second stage. Selectæ é Veteri Testamento. Selectæ é Profanis Auctoribus. Eutropius. Nepos. Metamorphosis. Latin exercises and writing continued.
Third stage. Metamorphosis continued. Virgil with Prosody. Cæsar's Comment. Sallust. Greek Grammar. Greek Testament. Elements of Geo. graphy and Chronology. Exercises and writing continued.
Fourth stage. Horace. Terence. Virgil re. viewed. Livy. Lucian. Xenophon or Homer begun.
N. B. This
year the youth are to make themes; write letters; give descriptions and characters; and to turn Latin into English, with great regard to punctuation and choice of words. Some English and Latin orations are to be delivered, with proper grace both of elocution and gesture. Arithmetic begun.
Some of the youth, it is found, go through these stages in three years, but most require four, and many five years; especially if they begin under nine or ten years
age. The masters must exercise their best discretion in this respect.
Those who can acquit themselves to satisfaction in the books laid down for the fourth stage, after public examination, proceed to the study of the sciences, and are admitted into the philosophy schools, by the name of Freshmen or Noviciates, with the privilege of being distinguished with an under-graduate's gown. The method of study prosecuted in these schools for the term of three years, follows; and the portion of reading allotted for each month is particularly distinguished.
VIEW OF THE PHILOSOPHY SCHOOLS.
Freshmen. May 15. Lar. & Engl. exercises cont. Common arithm. reviewed. First term.
Decimal arithmetic. Three months.
Algebra. Second term. The same.
Fractions and extract. roots. Three momhs.
Equations, simple & quadrat.
January. Logic with Metaphysics.
Euclid a second time.
Logarithmical arithmetic. Remarks. N B. At leisure hours dis
Logic, &c. reviewed.
Euclid, 11th book.
12th ditto. Architecture, with Fortificat.
MORAL PHILOS. begun. NAT. PHILOS. begun.
January. Viz. Compend of Ethics. Viz. gener. propert. of body. Third term.
Mechanic powers. Four months.
Pneumatics. Remarks. N. B. Disputation continued.
N. B. Declamation and public speaking continued.
Light and Colours.
Natural and civil Law.
Introduciion to civil History. Astronomy.
January Review of the whole. Chemistry. Third term.
N. B. Thro' all the years, the French language may be studied at leisure hours.
PRIVATE HOURS. FIRST YEAR. Classical & rhetoric. studies Books recommended for im.
proving the youth in the LECTURE III.
various branches. Freshmen. May 15. Homer's Iliad.
Spectator, Rambler, &c. First term.
for the improvement of style, Three months. Juvenal.
and knowledge of life.
Barrow's Lecture's. Par. Second term. Pindar.
die's Geometry. Maclaurin's Three months. Cicero, select parts.
Algebra. Ward's Mathema. Livy resumed.
tics. Keil's Trigonometry.
Watts' Logic, and Supple. January. Thucydides, or
ment. Locke on Human Third term. Euripides.
Understanding. Hutcheson's Four months. Well's Dionysius. Metaphysics. Varenius's Ge.
lography. Remarks N. B. Some afternoons Watts' Ontology and Es. to be spared for declamation says. King de Orig. Mali,
with Law's Notes. John
son's Elem. Philosophy, SECOND YEAR. Introduction to rhetoric. Vossius. Bossu. Pere Bo. Juniors. May 15. Longinus, critically. hours. Dryden's Essays and First term.
Prefaces. Spence on Pope's Three months.
Odyssey. Trapp's Prælect. Horace's Art Poet. critically Poet. Dionysius Halicarn. Second term.
Aristot. Poet. &c. critically. Demetrius Phalereus. StraThree months. Quintilian, select parts.
Patoun's Navigation. GreCOMPOSITION begun. gory's Geometry.- -on Forti.
fication. Simson's Conic Sec. January Cicero pro Milone.
tions. Maclaurin's and Emer. Third term.
son's Fluxions. Palladio by Four months. Demosthenes pro Ctesiphon. Ware.
Helsham's Lectures. Grave. Remarks. N. B. During the applica- sande. Cote's Hydrostatics.
tion of the rules of these fa. Desaguliers. Muschenbroek. mous orations, imitations of Keil's Introduction. Martin's them are to be attempted on Philosophy. Sir Isaac New. the model of perfect elo-ton's Philosophy. Maclau quence.
frin's View of ditto. Rohault
Iper Clarke. THIRD YEAR Epicteti Enchiridion. Pullendorf by Barbeyrac. Seniors. May 15. Cicero de Omciis. Cumberland de Leg. Sidney. First term.
Tusculan Quæst. Harrington. Seneca. Hutche. Three months. Memorabilia Xenoph. Greel: son's Works. Locke on Go.
vernment. Hooker's Polity. Second term. Patavii Ratjonar. Temporum Scaliger de Emendatione Three months. Plato de Legibus.
Temporum. Preceptor. Le Grotius de Jure, B. & P. Clerc's Compend of History.
--Gregory's Astronomy. For. January Afternoons of this third tescue on Law's. N. Bacon's Third term. term, for composition and Discourses. My lord Bacon's Four months. declamation on moral and Works. Locke on Coin. Da.
physical subjects.--Philoso-venant. Gee's Compend Ray phy acts held.
Derham. Spectacle de la Nz. ture. Religious Philosopher.
-Holy Bible, to be read daily frim the beginning, and now to su; ply the deficiencies lof the whole.