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detail of every thing worth notice in such an insti-
With regard to learning, the Miranians divide the whole body of people into two grand classes. The first consists of those designed for the learned professions; by which they understand divinity, law, physic, and the chief offices of the state. The second class consists of those designed for the mechanic professions, and all the remaining people of the country.
Such a division is absolutely necessary; for, if the shortest way of forming youth to act in their proper spheres, as good men and good citizens, ought always to be the object of education, these two classes should be educated on a very different plan. The knowledge of the learned languages, as the means of acquiring other useful knowledge, is indispensably necessary to the first class. To the second, the time thus spent might be otherwise employed, as they never have occasion to make use of those languages. A less extensive acquaintance with the sciences, except arithmetic and mathematics, will also serve
Any scheme, then, that either proposes to teach both these grand classes after the same manner, or is wholly calculated for one of them, without regarding the other, must be very defective. And yet so it is, that public seminaries are almost universally calculated for the first class; while a collegiate school for the instruction of the latter is rarely to be met with. This class of people, by far the most numerous, and also the hands and strength of every go
vernment, are overlooked, and have nothing but this alternative left them, either to be satisfied with what small portion of the arts and sciences they can glean at private schools, or to go through a course of learning at colleges, for which they have neither time nor
These considerations gave rise to what is called the Mechanic's School, or Academy, in this seminary, which is no other way connected with what is called the College, (by way of distinction) than by being under the inspection of the same trustees, and the government of the same body of masters. Most of the branches of science, taught in the college, are taught in this school; but then they are taught without languages, and in a more compendious manner, as the circumstances and business of the common class of people require. This school is so much like the English school and academy in * Philadelphia, that a particular account of it is here needless. i
Nine years are sufficient to complete the mechanic's education in this school; proportionable to which are nine forms or classes. In the three lowest, English is taught grammatically, and as a language, with writing. In the six higher classes, English and writing are continued, at the same time that accompts, mathematics, oratory, chronology, history, the most plain and useful parts of natural and mechanic philo. sophy, are taught; to which is added, something of husbandry and chymistry, which, as improved of late, they esteem a very useful branch of instruction. su
and it First sketched out by the ingenious Dr. Franklin of that place.
A GENERAL IDEA OF
Thus, at about fifteen years of age, the mechanic's education is finished; and he comes out well qualified to make a good figure in every profession, wherein languages are not required. The Miranians value themselves highly on the institution of this school; and often tell strangers, that, as a trading people, it is of as great importance to them, as the college for breeding men for the learned professions; of which I proceed now to speak. But, preparatory thereto, I must give some account of
THE LATIN SCHOOL.
This school is divided into five great forms, or classes, corresponding to the five years the youth continue in it; which, in a general way, is found to be long enough. Such of the youth as are intended for the learned professions, are moved into this school from the third form of the academy, or the English school mentioned above, provided they be nine years of age, can write tolerably, and can read and articulate the English tongue. The first four years are wholly given to the Latin tongue, and improving the youth in English and writing at leisure hours. The fifth year, the highest class divides the day between Latin and Greek; proceeding through the Greek declensions and conjugations, St. Luke's gospel, Lucian's dialogues, &c. Thus, at fourteen years of age, well versed in the Latin tongue, with some foundation in the Greek, the youth are entered into
THE FIRST CLASS OF THE COLLEGE.
This is called the Greek Class; in which, as in every other class, the youth remain one year. In the forenoơn they read Theocritus’ Idyllia, with some select pieces of Hesiod, Homer and Xenophon. In the afternoon they learn arithmetic, vulgar and decimal; merchant's accounts, some parts of algebra, and some of the first books of Euclid.
THE SECOND CLASS.
The next year is spent in this class; the master of which is stýled Professor of Mathematics. He carries the youth forward in algebra, teaches the remainder of the first six books of Euclid, together with the eleventh and twelfth, and also the elements of
geometry, astronomy, chronology, navigation, and other most useful branches of the mathematics. So much of logic and metaphysics as is useful, is joined with mathematics; but a small space of time serves for these studies, logic in particular, as commonly understood, being in some disrepute among them. They, therefore, bend their chief attention this year, to the more advantageous study of mathematics, which, by the bye, they esteem the best system of logic that can be given to youth. The evolution of mathematical truths, through a chain of propositions, contributes more, in one year, say they, to expand the faculties of the mind, and accustom it, by a just attention to intricate subjects, to reason closely and sophistical Distinctious a role furgon of in train, than a life spent in the usual school-logic. At proper seasons, when the weather permits, this class is exercised in practical geometry; in surveying lands and waters; and in plotting and ornamenting the maps of such surveys. There is a weekly exercise for their further improvement in Greek and Latin.
THE THIRD CLASS.
The master of this class is called Professor of Philosophy. The day is divided between the studies of ethics and physics. Under the latter, the Mira. nians comprehend natural history, with mechanic on and experimental philosophy; for the illustration of which, they are provided with a complete apparatus. With regard to ethics, they seem to think that a full, yet compendious system, calculated by some sound philosopher, for youth at colleges, is a book still wanted. They own that the English excel in detached pieces on all moral subjects; but these, say they, are only the-disjecta membra ethices; no one author having handled the subject of ethics, in all its ramifications, with an immediate view to the use of youth.
In this class, at present, they read the philosophic books of Plato and Cicero, in their originals, with Locke, Hutcheson, [Puffendorff, &c. the professor taking care to guard the youth against every thing in which any of these authors are singular. But they have another method of improving the youth in ethical knowledge, upon with they lay great stress, and that