force ;

96,71,753 rupees, the average rate of Mundisor, which have been rein the account of that government. tained in our bands, appeared by Mr. Elphinstone estimates the in- Holkar's accounts to have yielded cumbrances arising from the pro- no more than 4,42,500 rupees ; but vision for the Suttara Rajah, the this must have been owing to the stipend of eight laes to Bajee Rao, complete anarchy which prevailed at of three lacs to his brother Chim- that period, for the same teritories najee, with other necessary charges in 1766 yielded to Tuckogee Holkar resulting from the new arrange

no less than 17,03,000 rupees ; a ment, at no less than 34 lacs per produce of 10 lacs may, therefore, annum. The net gross acquisitions be reasonably expected. From Saof revenue by the British govern- gur and other retained territories, ment will, therefore, be but 62 we reckon upon five lacs. We lacs, including the cessions by the may calculate a revenue of four treaty of Poona, which were des lacs more for Ajimeer; and the tined to maintain the auxiliary Rajpoot tributes cannot be assum

but from the resumed Jageers ed at less than 15 lacs. The result and Suranjamee tenures of the may be estimated, therefore, as Poona state, a further permanent under : revenue of 24,40,000 rupees is an- Bhoosla ceded territories 22,47,200 ticipated. Wberefore, after a very Holkar

10,00,000 liberal allowance for the requisite Sågur

5,00,000 addition to the military force, in Ajimeer

4,00,000 proportion to the ceded territory, Tributes from Jeypore, and to the establishment for the &c. &c.

15,00,000 civil administration thereof (sources of charge which in the western pro

Total.... Rs. 56,47,200 vinces of Bengal average 16 per Poona gross.. Rs. 87,11,753 cent, on the gross receipts of revenue), we may assume that the Grand total. . Rs. 1,43,58,958 dominions of the late Bajee Rao Tbus, in ensuing years, when time will yield a net revenue of 50 lacs. sball have allowed the new acquisi

But I will go beyond this calcu- tions to reach the full measure of lation, and infer, that when the their productive powers, we may Ceded Districts shall become more look for a gross addition to the habituated to European manage- territorial revenues of 87 lacs from ment, and a perfect confidence shall Poona, and 57 from other quarters : be established between our and after paying the charges of subjects and the governing state, additional establishments, the net a great increase of revenue will advantages may be considered 90 arise from the import and inland lacs. This, added to the former sale of English manufactures ; and surplus revenue from Bengal, will this reasonable expectation, from swell the balance of those presidenthe introduction of our fabrics, will cies to 1,90,00,000, but we may apply to the acquisitions from the say, upwards of two millions sterBerar or northern Mabratta coun- ling. Such may be fairly reckoned try, made by the late war; in fact, as the satisfactory results of a war, there is every thing to hope, and in which we have been compelled nothing to apprehend from the new to engage by the covert designs intercourse with an extensive tract and open aggressions of the native of India, which we may say has powers. But the solid advantages been hitherto bid from Europeans. which such splendid successes have The ceded lands of the Bhoosla brought in their train are minor were entered in the accounts of considerations, compared with the that state at 22,47,000 rupees. vast additional happiness, and the Those comprehended in the treaty actual security of property it will


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confer upon subjects and countries,

- The most obvious which since the days of the bold and striking benefits that present and insidious Sevagee, have been themselves to our view are the subject to annual devastation and maintenance, and means of accumudepopulation. In exchange for lation too, which the management these, they acquire a mild paternal of so large a concern affords, in government, with an extension of its various departments, to many agriculture and commerce, unknown thousands of British subjects; and in that part of India for ages. the annual accession to the national These will prove to be the moral capital of numerous private fortunes, effects and the ultimate benefits of remitted to England, to say nothing being transferred to British rule ; of other funds supplied to British and the political result must be a consumption, from income drawn large increase of revenue. But in India.” Further, as there is a then, to cultivate this field, and constant influx of our youth to Inreap these desirable fruits, the In- dia, so the annual retirement of civil dian governments must not be crip- and military servants add wealth pled by regulations which would to the parent state.

These are deprive them of a local discretion in high considerations, and should sudden emergencies, nor must there not be forfeited to gratify a few be an insufficiency of troops to unreflecting proprietors, or a mismaintain our predominance ; least judging portion of the British pub. of all, should the miserable want lic; whether embarrassed manuof European officers be continued. facturers, overtrading speculators, The military events at Corry Gaum, or bewildered politicians. These and at Nagpore, are strong proofs are the sentiments of one who of the hazards run from a paucity has resided some years in Benof European officers ; and every gal, and may be supposed to man who has been in India can have collected some criteria for testify, that the hand of Providence estimating the high merits of a was with us in these desperate en- Wellesley, a Hastings, a Moira, a counters. The Company's servants Hislop, a Munro, an Elphinstone, a since returned home will, it is to Malcolm, and a Jenkins : names be hoped, point out the actual ne- which must be dear to India and to -cessity of keeping our native corps England, whilst the pages of hisfmost complete with officers; for, as tory shall record their actions.-I Mr. Hastings wisely said, “ We am, Sir, your most obedient servant, hold India by a thread, but if you

H. S. draw it too tight it will break;" but P. S. Stanton is now a Major, I say, if you adopt regulations bor- but I do not see that a C. B. bas dering on selfishness and parsimony, been the reward of his unequalled you thereby endanger the state. merits as an officer. Wbat is this Mr. Prinsep reasons most truly, to be attributed to ?




We bave just received the me- and time will not allow us to give morial of Lieut.col. Fagan, late Adj. more than a hasty sketch of its congen, of the Bengal army, addressed tents. It contains a general narrative to the hon., the Court of Directors, of his services, from the period of his arrival ip Bengal in 1796 to the rests. To him we are likewise inyear 1816, when, indefatigable at- debted for the existence of the tention to the very arduous duties Conpany's stud, the abolition of of his office having undermined his which had been contemplated by liealth, he obtained leave for ten Sir George Barlow, with a view to months to take a voyage to sea, with economy. The preservation of this a view to its restoration. After some establishment has been the means months passed at the Cape of Good of giving vigour and facility of opeHope, finding it far from being re- ration to our military force; and established, he was under the ne- we cannot but consider the proper cessity of applying for a furlough equipment of the cavalry of vital to Europe. His residence in a con- and paramount importance, as far as genial climate has once more re- regards the predominance of our stored him to health, and has been Indian empire. the happy means of giving back to The repeated harassing and prethe duties of his profession as zea- datory incursions of the Pindarrees lous, capable, and useful an officer along the western frontier of the as is to be found in the Company's Bengal Presidency shewed how much service, rich as it is in men of supe- we were assailable on that side, and rior merit. Almost at the very out- pointed out the necessity of acquirset of his career he lost an arm, at ing the most exact information with the memorable siege of Seringapa- regard to its local weaknesses, and tam, in which he had volunteered its capabilities for defence. By the his services. His conduct then was judicious selection of officers, from such as to draw the aitention of the whatever branch of the service Governor-gen, the Marquis Wel- they could be procured-engineers, lesley, a nobleman who, in addition cavalry, or infantıy - Lieut.col. to every high qualification which can Fagan obtained minute, scientific, distinguish a statesnian, possesses topographical, and statistical surthe inappreciable tact which enabled veys of the whole line of frontier, him to discern and avail himself of from the Indus to the northern merit wherever it was to be found. limits of Cuttack, an extent of at

He was soon after appointed by least 1,200 miles. Thus has been that nobleman to a staff situation, accomplished, in a comparatively and in 1812 was nominated to that short space of time, a survey, whicb, of Adj gen. which he filled until his connected on the north-west with departure from India, a period what was ascertained by Mr. Elwhich included various important phinstone, and on the south-east military operations, but particularly with what was previously known, that of the Nepaul war, the original extends from the high mountains plans and subsequent direction of of Hindoo Koosh to the sea-shore which, during the whole of its ar- at Jaggernauth; a range which, if duous course, devolved principally we only include its more, considerupon his office, under his Exc. the able sinuosities, cannot be estiConimander-in-chief.

mated under 2,000 miles. The inAmong the leading and important estimable advantages of such exact benefits which the Company's ser- and detailed information, cannot but vice has derived from the extensive have had the most decided influence and considerate views of Lieut.col. in the brilliant success which has Fagan, we may record the present attended our widely extended and efficient state of the Bengal Com- simultaneous operations during the missariat, in praise of which too late eventful wars. To Col. Fagan much can be hardly said, and which we are indebted for the reformation was formerly managed by contract, of the Medical Establishment, which to the great detriment of the service , combines whatever is required by a and the Company's pecuniary inte- paternal and humane regard for the

young mi

preservation of the soldier's life, service frequently presents of conbealth, and well-being, and a just ducting important affairs, requiring and liberal provision for the mem- both personal and written interbers of that meritorious body. course with nativechiefs and princes, But as a proof how much he was qualify them also to undertake, with alive to whatever could ja any way great advantage to the public, and promote the real prosperity and much honour and benefit to thempermanence of the Company's go. selves, political deputations and vernment, by recommending what- commissions not immediately conever could be deemed useful, we nected with their military functions. will here only mention that he laid The scope of their own personal before Sir George Nugent, at that views is by these means honourably time commander-in-chief in Bengal, extended, while tbe public fund of the original plan, which was after available talents and endowments is wards adopted by the Bengal go- happliy enlarged.” veroment, for the annual admission In support of what has just been into the civil college of Fort Wil- advanced, we could record the liam of a certain proportion of splendid acquirements of an Ayton, young military students, with a a Brice, a Turner, a Sleeman, a view to their receiving a solid course Ruddell, and


other of instruction in the oriental lan- litary men of equally distinguished guages. As none were allowed to merit. join that institution but those who When the important advantages bad a predilection for such pursuits, resulting from Lieut.col. Fagan's the most ample success attended active and fostering exertions are this pruiseworthy measure; and the the subject of consideration in their Company thus had added to their proper place, they will no doubt most efficient servants many young meet that applause and remuneramen, wbo cannot fail of being of the tion to which they are entitled : be highest utility in the extensive field has appealed to those who have of military and political duties. It never wilfully overlooked the merits was in reference to this very mea- of their servants. But there is one sure that we have the high sanction point to which we would call attenof that most amiable and excellent tion, namely, that in the distribuman, the late Lord Minto, wbo, in tion of those honours and emolubis annual address to the College of ments wbich bave been conferred Fort William, in September. 1813, on so many brave and meritorious expresses himself as follows : officers, from the rank of General to “ But the satisfaction derived from that of those commanding battalions a result founded on that principle and detachments, including Majors, (the proficiency of the civil and mi- and the Deputy Qr.mast.gens. of the litary scholars of the college) is rea- forces attached to one of the divisonably angmented by the reflection sions of the army-an officer of his that the public interest is advanced, merit should be forgotten, does apas well as the reputation of the col- pear extraordinary, and can only lege, by the oriental acquirements be accounted for, as he himself of its military students.” And again : says, by the unfortunate state of “ But the general advantage of the his health and circumstances since state is, in my judgment, essentially he left India, wbich obliged him to promoted by the accomplishment of absent bimself from England, and several of its military servants in seek the mild air of the south of languages which, besides fitting Europe. It is to be remembered them for a more easy and perfect that he filled a most arduous situaperformance of their ordinary pro- tion, the unremitted duties of which fessional duty, and qualifying them have essentially contributed to imfor occasions which the military pair his health : a situation second

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to none in any light, except in its army. The universal tribute of acknowemoluments, which were necessarily ledgment paid to the ability and indefareduced to a very limited amount,

tigable zeal of Lieut.col. Fagan ought to

stimulate every officer to aim at attaining by the large establishment he had a similar character. This, howerer, is to support while attending the not to be acquired by ardour alone; re. Commander-in-chief in the field.

collectiou of the tone of Lieut.col. Fagau's Throughout a most extensive and

professional energy should impress this

conclusion on every one disposed to diversified range of duties, bis ar

strive for equal reputation, that no' tadour and application to business lents, not even such as Lieut.col. Fagan have been unremitted; and the high possessed, will carry an individual to state of efficiency of all the subor- proud distinctions, unless he joins to dinate branches of the army has, no

them habits of application and a judicious

direction of his genius. It is to the com. doubt, contributed much to the suc- bination of these qualities that Lieut.col. cess of the Company's arms in In- Fagan has owed the high estimation in dia, and enabled the Commander- which his talents were held, and the in-chief to direct with undivided

sorrow now expressed that the service attention the diversified operations

has ceased to benefit by them.

(Signed) G. YOUNG, of the large force employed in the Officiating Secretary to Government late war, and has, consequently,

Military Department. given that unity and precision to its

This honourable testimonial is of combined movements, so essential

itself sufficient to speak volumes, to the success of all military enter

and we think bis case hardly requires prizes. But the favourable and to be made more publicly known. honourable estimate entertained by Rumour speaks of honours to be the government of Bengal of Lieut. conferred at the approaching corocol. Fagan's merits will be best nation; of course the brilliant serlearnt from the subjoined abstract vices of the Indian army

will not be of the general order issued by the forgotten : but in the distribution Governor-gen. in Council, permit- of favours to the distinguished inditing him to return to Europe for the viduals to be selected for honourable recovery of bis health:

notice, we can only say, « Palmam “While the Governor-gen. indulges qui meruit ferat." his regret at what the service has suffered Lieut.col. Fagan has just returned in the relinquishment of the situation of

to Bengal to complete the period Adj.gen. by Lieut.col. George Fagan, his Excellency must endeavour to diminish required by the Regulations, and to the effects of that loss by rendering the promote his fortune, now more than memory of Lieut.col. Fagan's official ex- ever made necessary by the cares of ertious au example and incitement to the a large and rising family.


(Continued from Vol. IX. p. 545.) PART II.

or a confluence of rapid, effects re

quire breadth and deptb. NATIONAL MEMORANDA,

Sect. I. A PART of our limited engage

Indian Retrospect. ment in the introduction to tbis

The progress of the British Emsketch, was to give the dates of the pire in India is coeval with the more remarkable events in the reign whole reign. For the sake of unity, of Geo. III.; reserving to the com- therefore, we propose to confine our: piler an occasional liberty to enlarge review to Indian affairs until the the tenor of the narrative beyond several branches of that subject be the narrow channel of chronology, finished. Passing over the details when a wave of simultaneous causes, of many weighty negociations and

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