and live at the mercy of winds and seasons, shallwards; and only the hope of inciting others to by the paternal care of your majesty enjoy the imitate him, makes it now fit to be remembered, plenty of cultivated lands, the pleasures of so- that he enjoyed in his life the favour of your ciety, the security of law, and the light of reve- majesty. lation. I am, sire, your majesty's most humble, The tumultuary life of princes seldom permits most obedient, and most dutiful subject and them to survey the wide extent of national inscrvant,

terest without losing sights of private merit: to exhibit qualities which may be imitated by the highest and the humblest of mankind : and to be

at once amiable and great. BISHOP ZACHARY PEARCE'S POSTHUMOUS

Such characters, if now and then they appear in history, are contemplated with admiration.

May it be the ambition of all your subjects to 2 vols. 470. PUBLISHED BY THE REV. MR. DERBY, 1777. make haste with their tribute of reverence: and

as posterity may learn from your majesty how

kings should live, may they learn, likewise, from Sire, -I presume to lay before your majesty your people how they should be honoured. I the last labours of a learned bishop, who died in lam, may it please your majesty, with the most the toils and duties of his calling. He is now profound respect, your majesty's most dutiful beyond the reach of all earthly honours and re-land devoted subject and servant.








Among the writers of fiction, whose business ; when in possession of truth, is satisfied with the is to furnish that entertainment which fancy per- simple acquisition; and not like fancy, inclined petually demands, it is a standing plea, that the to wander after new pleasures in the diversificabeauties of nature are now exhausted : 'that imi- tion of objects already known, which, perhaps, tation has exerted all its power, and that nothing may lead to error. more can be done for the service of their mis But notwithstanding this general disinclinatress, than to exhibit a perpetual transposition of|tion to accumulate labours for the sake of that known objects, and draw new pictures, not by pleasure which arises merely from different introducing new images, but by giving new lights modes of investigating truth, yet, as the mines and shades, a new arrangement and colouring to of science have been diligently opened, and their the old. This plea has been cheerfully admit- treasures widely diffused, there may be parts ted: and fancy, led by the hand of a skilful chosen, which, by a proper combination and arguide, treads over again the flowery path she has rangement, may contribute not only to enter often trod before, as much enamoured with every tainment but use, like the rays of the sun col new diversification of the same prospect, as with lected in a concave mirror, to serve particular the first appearance of it.

purposes of light and heat. In the regions of science, however, there is not The power of arithmetical numbers has been the same indulgence : the understanding and tried to a vast extent, and variously applied to the judgment travel there in the pursuit of truth, the improvement both of business and science. whom they always expect to find in one simple In particular, so many calculations have been form, free from the disguises of dress and orna- made with respect to the value and use of money, ment: and, as they travel with laborious step that some serve only for speculation and amuse and a fixed eye, they are content to stop when ment; and there is great opportunity for select the shades of night darken the prospect, and ing a few that are peculiarly adapted to common patiently wait the radiance of a new morning, to business, and the daily interchanges of prolead them forward in the path they have chosen, perty among men.

Those which happen in the which, however thorny, or however steep, is se- public funds are, at this time, the most frequent verally preferred to the most pleasing excursions and numerous: and to answer the purposes of that bring them no nearer to the object of their that business, in some degree, more perfectly search. The plea, therefore, that nature is ex- than has hitherto been done, the following tables hausted, and that nothing is left to gratify the are published. What that degree of perfection mind, but different combinations of the same above other tables of the same kind may be, is ideas, when urged as a reason for multiplying a matter, not of opinion and taste, in which unnecessary labours among the sons of science, many might vary, but of accuracy and usefulis not so readily admitted; the understanding, Iness, with respect to which most will agros. Thu

approbation they meet with will, therefore, de- / reputable stock-brokers seem now to have it in pend upon the experience of those for whom their power effectually to prevent its return, by they were principally designed, the proprietors not suffering the most distant approaches of it to of the public funds, and the brokers who trans- take footing in their own practice, and by opposact the business of the funds, to whose patronage ing every effort made for its recovery by the they are cheerfully committed.

desperate sons of fortune, who, not having the. Among the brokers of stocks are men of great courage of bighwaymen, take 'Change Alley honour and probity, who are candid and open in rather than the road, because, though more all their transactions, and incapable of mean and injurious than highwaymen, they are less in selfish purposes: and it is to be lainented, that a danger of punishment by the loss either of liberty market of such importance as the present state or life. of this nation has inade theirs, should be brought

With respect to the other patrons to whose into any discredit, by the intrusion of bad men, encouragement these Tables have been recomwho, instead of serving their country, and pro- mended, the proprietors of the public funds, who curing an honest subsistence in the army, or the are busy in the improvement of their fortunes, it fleet, endeavour to maintain luxurious tables, is sufficient to say--that no motive can sanctify and splendid equipages, by sporting with the the accumulation of wealth, but an ardent desire public credit.

to make the most honourable and virtuous use of It is not long since the evil of stock-jobbing it, by contributing to the support of good goverwas risen to such an enormous height, as to ment, the increase of arts and industry, the rethreaten great injury to every actual proprietor: wards of genius and virtue, and the relief of particularly to many widows and orphans, who, wretchedness and want. being bound to depend upon the funds for their whole subsistence, could not possibly retreat

What Good, what True, what Fit we justly call,

Let this be all our care--for this is All; from the approaching danger. But ihis evil, To lay this treasure up, and hoard with haste after many unsuccessful attempts of the legisla What erery day will want, and most the last. ture to conquer it, was, like many others, at

This done, the poorest can no wants endure; length subdued by its own violence; and the

And this not done, the richest must be poor.--POPE.







All pomp is instituted for the sake of the This evil has proceeded from the narrowness public. “A show without spectators can no lon- and shortness of the way through which the proger be a show. Magnificence in obscurity is cession has lately passed. As it is narrow, it equally vain with a sundial in the grave. admits of very few spectators; as it is short, it is

As the wisdom of our ancestors has appointed soon passed. The first part of the train reaches A very splendid and ceremonious inauguration of the abbey before the whole has left the palace; our kings, their intention was, that they should and the nobility of England, in their robes of receive their crown with such awful rites, as slate, display their riches only to themselves. might for ever impress upon them a due sense All this inconvenience may be easily avoided by the duties which they were to take, when the choosing a wider and longer course, which may happiness of nations is put into their hands; and be again enlarged and varied by going one way, that the people, as many as can possibly be wit- and returning another. This is not without a nesses to any single act, should openly acknow- precedent ; for, not to inquire into the practice ledge their sovereign by universal homage. of remoter princes, the procession of Charles the

By the late method of conducting the corona- Second's Coronation issued from the Tower, tion, all these purposes have been defeated. and passed though the whole length of the city Our kings with their train, have crept to the to Whitehall.* temple, through obscure passages ; and the crown has been worn out of sight of the people. London in his coach, most of the Lords being there before.

* The king went early in the morning to the Tower of Of the multitudes, whom loyalty or curiosity And about ten of the clock they set forward towards brought together, the greater part has returned Whitehall, ranged in that order as the heralds had apwithout a single glimpse of their prince's gran-pointed ; those of the long robe, the king's couneil as deur, and the day that opened with festivity w, the masters of the chancery, and judges, going ended in discontent.

first, and so the lords in their order, very splendidly habited, on rich foorcloths; the number of their footmea

The path in the late coronations has been only IX. The return from the Abbey, in either from Westminster Hall, along New Palace- case, to be as usual, viz. round St. Margaret's yard, into Union-street, through the extreme end churchyard, into King-street, through Unionof King-street, and to the Abbey-door, by he street, along New Palace-yard, and so into Westway of St. Margaret's churchyard.

minster Hall. The paths which I propose the procession to It is almost indifferent which of the six first pass through, are,

ways now proposed be taken ; but there is a 1. From St. James's Palace, along Pall-Mall stronger reason than mere convenience for and Charing-Cross, by Whitehall, through Par-changing the common course. Some of the liament-street, down Bridge-street, into King: streets in the old track are so ruinous, that there street, round St. Margaret's churchyard, and is danger lest the houses, loaded as they will be from thence into the Abbey.

with people, all pressing forward in the same II. From St. James's Palace across the canal, direction, should fall down upon the procession. into the Bird Cage Walk, from thence into Great The least evil that can be expected is, that in so George-strect, then turning down Long-ditch, close a crowd, some will be trampled upon, and (the Gate-house previously to be taken down,) others smothered ; and surely a ponip that costs proceed to the Abbey. Or,

a single life, is too dearly bought.' The new III. Continuing the course along George- streets, as they are more extensive, will afford street, into King-street, and by the way of St. place to greater numbers with less danger. Margaret's churchyard, to pass into the west In this proposal I do not foresee any objection door of the Abbey.

that can reasonably be made. That a longer IV. From St. James's Palace, the usual way march will require inore time, is not to be menhis Majesty passes to the House of Lords, as far tioned as implying any defect in a scheme of as to the parade, when leaving the Horse Guards which the whole purpose is to lengthen the on the left, proceed along the Park, up to Great march and protract the time. The longest George-street, and pass to the Abbey in either course which I have proposed is not equal to an of the tracks last mentioned.

hour's walk in the Park. The labour is not V. From Westminster Hall into Parliament- such, as that the king should refuse it to his street, down Bridge-street, along Great George people, or the nobility grudge it to the king. street, through Long-ditch (the Gate-house, as Queen Anne went from the palace through the before observed, to be taken down,) and so on to Park to the Hall, on the day of her coronation ; the west door of the Abbey.

and when old and infirm, used to pass on solemn VI. From Whitehall up Parliament-street, thanksgivings from the palace to St. Paul's down Bridge-street, into King-street, round st. church.* Margaret's churchyard, proceed into the Abbey. VII. From the House of Lords along St.

* In order to convey to the reader some idea how Margaret's-street, across New Palace-yard, into highly parade and magnificence were estimated by our Parliament-street, and from thence to the Abbey ancestors, on these solemn occasions, I shall take notice by the way last mentioned.

of the manner of conducting Lady Anne Boleyn froin But if, on no account the path must be ex: by Slow.

Greenwich, previous to her coronation, as it is recited tended to any of the lengths here recommended, King Henry VIII. (says that historian) having divorced I could wish, rather than see the procession con

Queen Catharine, and married Anne Boleyn, or Boloine, fined to the old way, that it should pass,

who was descended from Godfrey Boloine, Mayor of the

city of London, and intending her coronation, sent to orVIII. From Westminster Hall along Palace- der the Lord Mayor, not only to make all the prepara. yard, into Parliament-street, and continued in tons necessary for conducting his royal consort from the last mentioned path, viz. through Bridge- Greenwich, by water, to the Tower of London, but to street, King-street, and round the churchyard, passage through it to Westminster.

adorn the city after the most magnificent manner, for her to the west door of the cathedral.

In obedience to the royal precept, the mayor and com. mon.council not only ordered the company of haberdash

ers, of which the lrd mayor was a member, to prepare being limited, to the dukes ten, to the lords eight, to the a magnificent state barge ; but enjoined all the city cor. viscounts six, and the barons four, all richly clad, as porations to provide themselves with barges, and to their other servants were. The whole show was the adorn them in the most superb manner, and especially to mist glorious in the order and expense, that had been have them supplied with good bands of music. ever seen in England ; they who rode first being in Fleet. On the 29th of May, the time prefixell for this pompous street when the king issued out of the Tower, as was procession by water, the mayor, aldermen, and com. known by the discharge of the ordnance : and it was mons, assembled at St. Mary. hill'; the mayor and aider. near three of the clock in the afternoon, when the king men in scarlet, with gold chains, and those who were alighted at Whitehall. The next morning the king rode kuighis, with the collars of S S. At one, they went on in the samne state in his robes, and with his crown on his board the city barge at Billingsgiile, which was most head, and all the lords in their robes, 10 Westminster magnificently decorated, and allended by filliy roble Hall; where all the ensigns for the coronation were de. barger, belonging to the several companies of the city, livered to those who were appointed to carry them, the with each its own corporation on board ; and, for the bet. Earl of Northumberland being made high constable, and ter regulation of this procession, it was ordereil, that the Earl of Suffolk earl marshal, for the day. And then each barge should keep twice their lengths asimiler. all the lords in their order, and the king himself, walked Thus regulated, the city barge was preceded by anothor on fool, upon blue cloch, from Westminster Hall to the mounted with ordnance, and ihe figures of dragons, and Abbey Church, where, after a sermon preached by Dr. other monsters, incessantly emitting fire and smoke, with Morley, (then bishop of Worcester,) in Henry the Se. much noisc. Then the ciiy barge, attendeel on the right venth's Chapıl, the king was sworn, crowned and by the haberdashers' state barge, called the Bachelors, anointed, by Dr. Juxon, Archbishop of Canterbury, with which was covered with gold brocade, and adorned with all the solemnity that in those cases had been used. All sails of silk, with two sich standards of the king's and which being done, the king returned in the same manner queen's arms at her head and stern, besides a variety of on foot to Westminster Hall, which was adorned with tags and streamers, containing the arms of that com. rich hangings and statues ; and there the king dined, pany, and those of the merchant adventurers; besides and the lords on either side at tables provided for them which, the shrouls and ratlines were hung with a nun. and all other ceremonies were performed with greai ber of small bells; on the left was a barge that contained order and magnificence.-Life of Lord Clarendon, p. 187. a very beautiful mount, on which stood a white falcon


Part of my scheme supposes the demolition A longer course of scaffolding is doubtless of the Gate-house, a building so offensive, that, more expensive than a shorter; but it is hoped without any occasional reason, it ought to be that the time is now past, when any design was pulled down, for it disgraces the present magnifi- received or rejected according to the money tha! cence of the capital, and is a continual nuisance it would cost. Magnificence cannot be cheap, to neighbours and passengers.

for what is cheap cannot be magnificent. The

crowned, perched upon a golden stump enriched with

This pompous procession being arrived in Fenchurch. roses, being the queen's emblem: and round the mount street, the queen stopped at a beautiful pageant crowd sat several beautiful virgins, singing, and playing upon with children in mercantile habits; who congratulated instruments. The other barges followed in regular order, her majerty upon the joyful occasion of her happy arrival till they came below Greenwich. On their return the in the city. procession began with that barge which was before the Thence she proceeded to Gracechurch corner, where last, in which were mayor's and sheriffs' officers, and was erected a very magnificent pageant, at the expense this was followed by those of the inferior companies, of the company of Anseatic merchants, in which xas ascending to the lord mayor's, which immediately pre represented mount Parnassus, with the fountain of ceded that of the queen, who was attended by the Ba- Helicon, of white marble, out of which arose four springs chelors, or state barge, with the magnificence of which about four feet high, centering at the top in a small glibe, her majesty was much delighted : and being arrived at from whence issued plenty of Rhenish wine ull miglia the Tower, she returned the lord mayor and aldermen on the mount sal Apollo, at his feet was Calliope, and thanks for the pomp with which she had been conducted beneath were the rest of the Muses, surrounding the thither.

mount, and playing upon a variety of musical instru. Two days after, the lord mayor, in a gown of crimson ments, at whose feet were inscribed several epigrams velvet, and a rich collar of s s, attended by the sherifiy, suited to the occasion, in letters of gold. and two domestics in red and white damask, went to Hér majesty then proceeded to Leadenhall, where receive the queen at the Tower of London, whence the stood a pageant, representing a hill encompassed with sheriffs returned to see that every thing was in order. red and white roses; and above it was a golden stump, The streets were just before new gravelled from the upon which a white falcon, de-cending from above, Tower to, and railed in on each side, to the perched, and was quickly followed by an angel, who intent that the horses should not slide on the pavement, put a crown of gold upon his head. A little lower on nor the people be hurt by the horses ; within the rails ihe hillock sat St. Anne, surrounded by her progeny, near Gracechurch, stood a body of Anseatic merchants, one of whom marle an oration, in which was a wish that and next to them the several corporations of the city, in her majesty might prove extremely prolific. their formalities, reaching to the alderman's station at The procession then advanced io ibe conduit in Comthe upper end of Cheapsile. On the opposite side were hill; where the graces sat enthroned, with a fourtain placed the city constables dressed in silk and velvet, with before them, incessantly discharging wine ; and under. stafss in their hands to prevent the breaking in of the neath, a poet, who, described the qualities peculiar to mob, or any other disturbance. On this occasion, Grace, each of these amiable deities, and presented the queen church-street and Cornhill were hung with crimson and with their several gifls. scarlet cloth, and the sides of the houses of a place then The cavalcade thence proceeded to a great conduit that called Goldsmitha-row, in Cheapside, were adorned with stood opposite to Mercers-hall in Cheapside, and upon gold brocades, velvet, and rich tapestry.

that occasion was painted with a variety of emblems, and The procession began from the Tower with twelve of during the solemnity and remaining part of the day, res the French ambassador's domestics in blue velvet, the with different sorts of wine, for the entertainment of the trappings of their horses being blue saranet, interspersed populace. with white crosses ; after whom marched those of the At the end of Wood-street, the standard there was equestrian order, two and two, followed by judges in their finely embellished with royal portraitures and a number robes, two and iwo ; then came the knights of the Bath of flags on which were painted coats of arms and troin violet gowns, purtled with menever. Next came the phies, and above was a concert of vocal and instrumen abbots, barons, bishops, earls, and marquises, in their tal music. robes, two and cwo. Then the lord chancellor, followed At the upper end of Cheapside was the alderman's by the Venetian ambassador and the Archbishop of York: station, where the recorder addressed the queen in a next the French ambassador and the Archbishop of Can. very elegant oration, and in the name of the citizens, terbury, followed by two gentlemen representing the presented her with a thousand marks in a purse of gold dukes of Normandy and Aquitain ; after whom rode the issue, which her majesty very gracefully received. lord mayor of London with his mace, and Garter in his At a small distance, by Cheapside conduit was a page coat of arms; then the Duke of Suffolk, lord high stew: ant, in which were sealed Minerva, Juno, and Venus; ard, followed by the deputy marshal of England, and before whom stood the god Mercury; who in their all ihe other officers of state in their robes, carrying the names, presented the queen a golden apple. symbols of their several offices: then others of the nobi At Si. Paul's gate there was a fine pageant, in which Jity in crimson velvet, and all the queen's officers in sat three ladies, richly dressed, with each a chapler on scarlet, followed by her chancellor uncovered, who her head, and a tablet in her hand, containing Larin in immediately preceded his mistress.

scriptions. The queen was dressed in silver brocade, with a mantle At the east of St. Paul's cathedral, the queen was en of the saine furred with ermine; her hair was dishevel. tertained by some of the scholars belonging to St. Paul's led, and she wore a chaplet upon her head set with jewels school, with verses in praise of the king and her majesty, of inestimable value. She sat in a liteer covered with with which she sremed highly delighted. silver tissue, and carried by two beautiful pads clothed Thence proceeding to Ludgate, which was finely dein white damask, and led by her fooumen. Over the corated, her majesty was entertained with several songs litter was carried a canopy of cloth of gold, with a silver adapted to the occasion, sung in concert by men and bell at each corner, supported by sixteen knights aller- bys upon the leads over the gate. nately hy four at a time.

At the end of Shoe-lane, in Fleet-street, a handenme After her majesty came her chamberlain, followed by tower with four turrets was erected upon the conduit, ia her master of horse, leading a beautiful pad, with a side each of which stood one of the cardinal virtues, with their saddle and trapping of silver tissue. Next came seven several symbols ; who addressing themselves to the ladies in crimson velvet, faced with gold brocade, queen, promised they would never leave her, but be mounted on beautiful horses with gold trappings. Then always her constant attendants. Within the tower was followed two chariots covered with cloth of gold, in the an excellent concert of music, and the conduit all the first of which were the Dutchess of Norfolk and the while ran with various sorts of wine, Marchioness of Dorset, and in the second four ladies in At Temple-bar she was again entertained with songs, crimson velvet ; then followed seven ladies dressed in sung in concert by a choir of men and boys; and having the same manner, on horseback, with magnificent trap from thence proceeded to Westminster, she returned the pings, followed by another chariot all in white, with six lord mayor thanks for his good offices, and those of the ladies in crimson velvet ; this was followed by another citizens, that day. The day after, the lord mayor, aider all in red, with eight ladies in the same dress with the men, and sheriffs, assisted at the coronation, which was former: next came thirty gentlewomen, attendants to the performed with great splendour. Stoio's Annals. ladies of honour; they were on horseback, dressed in Note.--The same historian informs us, that Queen EU milks and velvet, and the cavalcade was closed by the zabeth passed in the like manner, through the city, to Lorse-guards

her coronation.

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money that is so spent is spent at home, and the , cessions have been of late encumbered, and renking will receive again what he lays out on the dered dangerous to the multitude, were to be left pleasure of his people. Nor is it to be omitted, behind at the coronation ; and if contrary to the that if the cost be considered as expended by the desires of the people, the procession must pass public, much more will be saved than lost; for in the old track, that the number of foot soldiers the excessive prices at which windows and tops be diminished ; since it cannot but offend every of houses are now let, will be abated, not only Englishman to see troops of soldiers placed be. greater numbers will be admitted to the show, tween him and his sovereign, as if they were the but each will come at a cheaper rate.

most honourable of the people, or the king reSome regulations are necessary, whatever track quired guards to secure his person from his be chosen. The scaffold ought to be raised at subjects. As their station makes them think least four feet, with rails high enough to support themselves important, their insolence is always the standards, and yet so low as not to hinder such as may be expected from servile authority; the view.

and the impatience of the people, under such It would add much to the gratification of the immediate oppression, always produces quarrels, people, if the horse-guards by which all our pro- / tumults, and mischief.




Tue public may justly require to be informed | serve public favour, is here invited to display his of the nature and extent of every design, for merit. which the favour of the public is openly solicited. Of the price put upon this exhibition some acThe artists, who were ihemselves the first pro- count may be demanded. Whoever sets his jectors of an exhibition in this nation, and who work to be shown, naturally desires a multitude have now contributed to the following catalogue, of spectators; but his desire defeats its own end, think it therefore necessary to explain their pur- when spectators assemble in such numbers as tó pose, and justify their conduct. “An exhibition obstruci one another. Though we are far from. of the works of art, being a spectacle new in this wishing to diminish the pleasures, or depreciate kingdom, has raised various opinions and con- the sentiments, of any class of the community, jectures among those who are unacquainted with we know, however, what every one knows, that the practice in foreign nations. Those who set all cannot be judges or purchasers of works of out their performances to general view, have art; yet we have already found by experience, been too often considered as the rivals of each that all are desirous to see an exhibition. When other, as men actuated, if not by avarice, at least the terms of admission were low, our room was by vanity, and contending for superiority of fame, thronged with such multitudes as made access though not for a pecuniary prize; it cannot be dangerous, and frightened away those whose apdenied or doubted, that all who offer themselves probation was most desired. to criticism are desirous of praise ; this desire is Yet, because it is seldom believed that money not only innocent, but virtuous, while it is unde- is got but for the love of money, we shall tell the based by artifice, and unpolluted by envy; and use which we intend to make of our expected of envy or artifice these men can never be ac- profits. cused, who, already enjoying all the honours and Many artists of great abilities are unable to profits of their profession, are content to stand sell their works for their due price; to remove candidates for public notice, with genius yet un- this inconvenience, an annual sale will be apexperienced, and diligence yet unrewarded; who, pointed, to which every man may send his works, without any hope of increasing their own repu- and send them if he will, without his name. tation or interest, expose their names and their These works will be reviewed by the committee works only that they may furnish an opportunity that conduct the exhibition. Å price will be of appearance to the young, the diffident, and secretly set on every piece, and registered by the the neglected.

secretary. If the piece exposed is sold for more, The purpose of this exhibition is not to enrich the whole price shall be the artist's; but if the the artists, but to advance the art: the eminent purchasers value it at less than the committee, are not flattered with preference, nor the obscure ihe artist shall be paid the deficiency from tho insulted with contempt; whoever hopes to de- profits of the exhibition.

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