Gibeon (c), and thou moon, in the valley of Ajalon." 13. And the sun stood still, nd the moon stayed, until the people had venged themselves upon their enemies. not this written in the book of Jasher ? > the sun stood still in the midst of eaven, and hasted not to go down out a whole day. 14. And there was > day like that, before it or after it, that e LORD hearkened unto the voice of an: for the LORD fought for Israel. 5. And Joshua returned, and all Israel ith him, unto the camp to (d) Gilgal. 5. But these five kings fled, and hid themelves in a cave at Makkedah. 17. And was told Joshua, saying, the five kings re found hid in a cave at Makkedah. 8. And Joshua said, "Roll great stones upon the mouth of the cave, and set men by it for to keep them. 19. And stay you not, but pursue after your enemies, and smite the hindmost of them, suffer them not to enter into their cities for the LORD your God hath delivered them into your hand.” 20. And = came to pass when Joshua and the chilren of Israel had made an end of slaying nem with a very great slaughter till they were consumed, that the rest which renained of them entered into fenced cities. 1. And all the people returned to the amp to Joshua at Makkedah in peace: one moved his tongue against any of the hildren of Israel. 22. Then said Joshua, Open the mouth of the cave, and bring out those five kings unto me out of the cave." 23. And they did so, and rought forth those five kings unto him

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out of the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon. 24. And it came to pass when they brought out those kings unto Joshua, that Joshua called for all the men of Israel, and said unto the captains of the men of war, which went with him, "Come near, put your "feet upon the necks of these kings. And they came near, and put their feet upon the necks of them. 25. And Joshua said unto them, "Fear not nor be dis"mayed, be strong and of good courage: "for thus shall the LORD do to all your enemies against whom ye fight.". 26. And afterwards Joshua smote them, and slew them, and hanged them on five trees and they were hanging upon the trees until the evening. 27. And it came to pass at the time of the going down of the sun, that Joshua commanded, and they took them down off the trees, and cast them into the cave wherein they had been hid, and laid great stones in the cave's mouth, which remain until this (e) very day. 28. And that day Joshua took Makkedah, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and the king thereof he utterly destroyed, them and all the souls that were therein, he let none remain: and he did to the king of Makkedah, as he did unto the king (f) of Jericho. 29. Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, unto Libnah, and fought against Libnah. 30. And the LORD delivered it also, and the king thereof, into the hand of Israel, and he smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were

on, &c." The Sept. is so: and the Heb. admits equally of either construction. The pronoun "thou" is not in the original; and the same word stands for the second and third persons imperative. The beginning of the verse states that Joshua addressed himself to the Lord, and verse 14. that the Lord hearkened, &c.: and would it not have been presumptuous, without God's command or permission, to have thus addressed the sun and moon?

(c) v. 12. "Gibeon," which was eastward, and "Ajalon," westward. 2 Hales, 290. (d) v. 15. is probably inserted here by mistake: it is not in the Vatican or Alexandrine

MSS.; and it occurs rightly in verse 43. Verse 21. states that the people returned to the camp to Joshua at Makkedah, which was near the place of battle, whereas Gilgal was fifteen miles off. See 2 Hales, 291. Kennic. Rem. 90. I Wall. 153.

(e) v. 27. "This very day," i. e. "the time "when the book of Joshua was written."

(f) v. 28. "The King of Jericho." Nothing is particularly stated as to the death of the king of Jericho: they utterly destroyed all that was in Jericho, both man and woman, young and old, and ox and sheep and ass. Josh. vi. 21.

therein he let none remain in it, but did unto the king thereof, as he did unto the king of Jericho. 31. And Joshua passed from Libnah, and all Israel with him unto Lachish, and encamped against it, and fought against it. 32. And the LORD

delivered Lachish into the hand of Israel which took it on the second day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein, according to all that he had done to Libnah. 33. Then Horam king of Gezer, came up to help Lachish; and Joshua smote him and his people, until he had left him none remaining. 34. And from Lachish, Joshua passed unto Eglon, and all Israel with him, and

smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel commanded. 41. And Joshua smote them from Kadesh-barnea, even unto Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, even unto Gibeon, 42. And all these kings, and their land did Joshua take at one time: because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel. 43. And Joshua returned, and Israel with him, unto the camp to Gilgi


they encamped against it, and fought AND it came to pass, a (b) long time

against it. 35. And they took it on that day, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein he utterly destroyed that day, according to all that he had done to Lachish. 36. And Joshua went up from Eglon, and all Israel with him, unto Hebron, and they fought against it. 37. And they took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, (g) and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof, and all the souls that were therein he left none remaining (according to all that he had done to Eglon) but destroyed it utterly, and all the souls that were therein. 38. And Joshua returned, and all Israel with him to Debir, and fought against it. 39. And he took it, and the king thereof, and all the cities thereof, and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and utterly destroyed all the souls that were therein, he left none remaining: as he had done to Hebron, so he did to Debir, and to the king thereof, as he had done also to Libnah, and to her king. 40. So Joshua

(g) v. 37. The Sept. omits, " and the king "thereof" he was slain before. See verse 23.26.

(b) v. I. "A long time, &c." about 25 years after the death of Moses. B. C. 1427. (i) v. v. 3. "These nations," i. e. " of the "Canaanites whom Joshua had destroyed." (k) v.4. by lot." See xiv. xv. xvi. xvii. xviii. xix. Joshua.

() v.4. "That remain," all the promised land was not as yet subdued: Part of the promise was, "by little and little I will drive them

after that the LORD had given rett unto Israel from all their enemies round about, that Joshua waxed old and stricke in age. 2. And Joshua called for all Israel, and for their elders, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers, and said unto them, " I am d "and stricken in age. 3. 3. And ye have

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seen all that the LORD your God hath "done unto all these (i) nations beca "of you; for the LORD your God is be "that hath fought for you. 4. Beho, "I have divided unto you (k) by lot these "nations that (1) remain, to be an inhe "tance for your tribes, from Jordan, with "all the nations that I have cut off, eve

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unto the (m) great sea west-ward.

5. And the LORD your God, he shall "expel them from before you, and drive "them from out of your sight, and "shall possess their land, as the LORD

your God had promised unto you. 6. Be "ye therefore very (n) courageous to keep "and to do all that is written in the book "of the law of Moses, that ye turn

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aside therefrom, to the right hand or to the ❝left. 7. That ye come not among these "nations, these that remain amongst you,

neither make mention of the name of their gods, nor cause to swear by them, neither serve them, nor bow yourselves. unto them: 8. But cleave unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto this day. 9. For the LORD hath driven ' out from before you, great nations and strong: but (o) as for you, no man hath been able to stand before you unto this day. 10. One (p) man of you shall chase a thousand: for the LORD your God he it is that fighteth for you, as he hath promised you. II. Take good heed therefore unto yourselves, that ye love the LORD your God. 12. Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave ' unto the remnant of these nations, even these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you: 13. Know for a certainty, that the LORD your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and

"scourges in your sides, and thorns in "your eyes, until ye perish from off this "good land which the LORD your God hath given you. 14. And behold, this

"day I am going the way of all the earth, "and ye know in all your hearts, and in "all your souls, that not one thing hath "failed of all the good things which the "LORD your God spake concerning you; "all are come to pass unto you, and not "one thing hath failed thereof. 15. There"fore it shall come to pass, that as all "good things are come upon you, which "the LORD your God promised you: "so (q) shall the LORD bring upon you "all evil things, until he have destroyed "you from off this good land which "the LORD your God hath given you. "16. When (r) ye have transgressed the "covenant of the LORD your God, which "he commanded you, and have gone and "served other gods, and bowed your"selves to them: then (s) shall the anger "of the LORD be kindled against you, and 66 ye shall perish quickly from off the "good land which he hath given unto 66 you."

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for judgment. 6. And she sent (u) and called Barak the son of Abiroam, out of Kedesh-naphtali, and said unto him, "Hath "not the LORD God of Israel commanded,

saying, "Go and draw toward mount Ta"bor, and take with thee ten thousand men "of the children of Naphtali and of the "children of Zebulun? 7. And I will draw "unto thee to the river Kishon Sisera, the "captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots " and his multitude; and I will deliver "him into thine hand." 8. And Barak said unto her, "If thou wilt go with me, "then I will go: but if thou wilt not go "with me, then I will not go." 9. And she said, "I will surely go with thee: "notwithstanding the journey that thou "takest, shall not be for thine honour; "for the LORD shall sell Sisera into the "hand of a woman." And Deborah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh. 10. And Parak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him. 11. Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of (x) Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh. 12. And they shewed

Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam was gone up to mount Tabor. 13. And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon. 14. And Deborah said unto Barak, "Up; "for this is the day in which the LORD "hath delivered Sisera into thine hand : "is not the LORD gone out before thee?" So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him. 15. And the LORD discomfited Sisera, and all his

chariots, and all his host, with the edge

of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera lighted down off his chariot, and fled away

(u) v. 6. "Sent." B. C. 1296.

(x) v. 11. " of Hobab the father in law "of Moses," so that he was nearly connected by blood with many of the Israelites, and might on that account feel a common interest with them.

(y) v. 21. "Took a nail, &c." This breach

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on his feet. 16. But Barak pursued after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles: and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left. 17. Howbeit Sisera fled away on his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite. 18. And Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said unto him, “ Tum "in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not? And when he had turned in unto her in: the tent, she covered him with a mantle. 19. And he said unto her, "Give me, I pray thee, a little water to drink; forl am thirsty:" And she opened a bottle of milk, and gave him drink, and covered him. 2c. Again he said unto her, "Stand in the door of the tent, and t "shall be when any man doth come and "enquire of thee, and say, "Is there 66 man here?" that thou shalt say, No 21. Then Jael Heber's wife took a (1) of the tent, and took an hammer in hand, and went softly unto him, smote the nail into his temples, and fas ened it into the ground: (for he was fast asleep and weary). So he died. 22. And behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jal came out to meet him, and said unto him, "Come, and I will shew thee the man "whom thou seekest." And when he came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dea and the nail was in his temples. 23. God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan, before the children of Israel. 24. And the hand of the children of Israel prospered, and prevailed against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.


THEN (2) sang Deborah, and Burt, the son of Abinoam, on that day, saying, 2. "Praise ye the LORD for the

of hospitality cannot be justified, unless up a supposition that Jael acted under the influence of a divine impulse: Deborah had foretold verse 9. that the Lord should sell Sisera into the hand of a woman. 2 Hales 302.

(z) A thanksgiving, in 8 Parts, abounding

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"avenging of Israel, when the people "willingly offered (a) themselves. 3. Hear, "O ye kings, give ear, O ye princes, I, even I will sing unto the LORD, I will

"sing praise to the LORD God of Israel.


"shield or spear seen among forty thousand " in Israel? 9. My (b) heart is toward "the (i) governors of Israel, that offered "themselves willingly among the people: "Bless ye the LORD. 10. (k) Speak ye that (1) ride on white asses, ye that "sit in judgment, and walk by the way. "11. (m) They that are delivered from the "noise of archers in the places of drawing

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66 4. LORD, (b) when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the "field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water. 5. The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel. 6. In (c) the days of (d) Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the high-ways were (e) unoccupied, and the travellers walked through bye-ways. 7. The (f) inhabitants of the villages ceased, they ceased in Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel. 8. They (g) chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a

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(a) v.2. "Offered themselves," i. e. "to go up with Barak.”

(b) v.4. Part 2. calls to mind the scenes when God was with them.

(c) v. 6. Part 3 describes the condition to thich they had been reduced, "in, &c." or from the days of Shamgar, &c. to the days of Jael, &c."

(d) v. 6. " Shamgar," who about 40 years

efore slew of the Philistines 600 men with an goad, and delivered Israel. Judges iii. 31. (e) v. 6. Unoccupied," i. e. "unfrequented," through fear.



(f) v. 7. Read "the villages were deserted, they were deserted in Israel." 2 Hales 305. (g) v. 8. "They'' i. e. "the Israelites," nd read " therefore was war in their gates: was there a shield or spear to be seen, &c." Hales 305. so much were they reduced. as the policy of their enemies, when they had he ascendancy, to deprive them of all their rms. See post, 1 Sam. xiii. 19. "There was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears." (b) v. 9. Part 4. an invocation to praise God for their deliverance.

(i) v.9. "My heart is towards the governors, &c." i. e. (probably)" them I first "invoke."

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(k) v. 10. "Speak" or " join in meditation, or worship."

water; there shall they rehearse the "righteous acts of the LORD, even the "righteous acts towards the inhabitants of "his villages in Israel: then shall the "people of the LORD go down to (n) the "gates. 12. Awake, awake, Deborah: "awake, awake, utter a song: arise Barak, "and lead thy captivity captive, thou son "of Abinoam. 13. Then (0) he made him "that remaineth have dominion over the "nobles among the people: the LORD "made me have dominion over the mighty.

(1) v.10. "That ride, &c." i. e. (perhaps) the princes and nobles, and ye that "walk by "the way," i. e. (perhaps) "the common "people," so as to include all ranks.

(m) v.11. The literal translation of this verse might be "without," or "free from," the noise "of archers in the places of drawing water, "there shall they rehearse the righteousness "of Jehovah, his righteousness towards his "villages in Israel; then shall the people of "Jehovah go down to the gates." They were frequently molested and attacked at their wells, and the fetching their water was a service of danger, especially near their villages, where they were weak. This verse intimates that these dangers were removed, and that they might go to their watering places and to their gates in safety.

(n) v. II. "To the gates" where their courts of justice sat, and the markets were held, and which were places of resort therefore for all people, for those who lived in the town, and those who lived in the villages or country round it.

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