8 (1) My heart is fixed, O God, my heart is fixed: I will sing and give praise.

9 Awake up, my glory (m); awake, lute and harp I myself will awake right early (n).

10 I will give thanks unto thee, O Lord, among the people: and I will sing unto thee among the nations.

II For the greatness of thy mercy reacheth unto the heavens and thy truth unto the clouds.

12 Set up thyself, O God, above the heavens and thy glory above all the earth.

[blocks in formation]
[merged small][ocr errors]

7.9. (n) For "right early," Dr. Hammond, and after him Mr. Street, read "the morning," which is more poetical; and then it is like the idea in Ovid,

". . . . Vigil ales ibi cristati cantibus oris
"Evocat auroram.'

And in Milton's Allegro,


the hound and horn

Chearly rouse the slumb'ring morn."

(0) Reflections by David upon the conduct of the persons who set or supported Saul against him; a prayer for their discomfiture, or a prediction that it would occur, and a confident assumption that they would be signally punished.

3 The ungodly are froward, even from their mother's womb : as soon as they are born, they go astray, and speak lies.

4 They are as venomous as the poison of a serpent: even like the deaf adder, that stoppeth her


5 Which refuseth to hear the voice of the charmer: charm he never so wisely.

6 Break (q) their teeth, O God, in their mouths; smite the jaw-bones of the lions (r), O Lord let them fall away like water that runneth apace; and when they shoot their arrows, let them be rooted out.

7 Let them consume away like a snail, and be like the untimely fruit of a woman: and let them not see the sun.

8 Or ever (s) your pots be made hot with thorns: so let indignation vex him, even as a thing that is raw.

(p) "Congregation," i. e. of Saul's v.1. advisers or instigators.

(q) "Break," &c. Dr. Hammond v 6. reads the verbs in this and the next two verses as futures, not as optatives; as predictions, not as imprecations: "God "shall break," &c. "the Lord shall "smite," &c. "they shall be rooted "out," "" 66 they shall consume away," &c. " and not see the sun," and "so "shall indignation," &c.

(7) "The lions," i. e. those who are v.6. savage as lions. See Ps. lvii. 4, 5.

"66 as

(s) "Or ever," &c. If this is the v. 8. right translation, the meaning may be, when your pots are made hot with "thorns," (which made the quickest and hottest fire, see Ps. cxviii. 12.) so let thine indignation use and act upon them as such a fire would act upon raw meat; or, perhaps, for "a thing that is raw," ," the reading should be " a liv. ing animal." They had two kinds of fuel in Palestine, dried dung, and

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

9 The righteous shall rejoice (t), when he seeth the vengeance; he shall wash (u) his footsteps in the blood of the ungodly.

10 So that a man shall say, "Verily there is a reward for "the righteous: doubtless, there "is a God that judgeth the "earth."

Lessons for the Eleventh Day of the Month throughout the Year.

[blocks in formation]


(1) ante 209. 204. 221.

(6) ante 115. (7) ante 58. (8) ante 143. 146. 148.
(11) ante 161. 157. (12) ante 167. 186.


Psalm lix. (x)

DELIVER me from mine enemies, O God defend me from them, that rise up against me.

wood or thorns; the latter made the quicker fire, and gave the stronger heat. The same idea occurs in Ps. xxi. 9. "Thou shalt make them like a fiery "oven in time of thy wrath: the Lord "shall destroy them in his displeasure, " and the fire shall consume them," The Bible translation is, "Before your pots 66 can feel the thorns," (which was probably a proverbial expression to denote extreme suddenness)" he shall take "them away as with a whirlwind, both "living, and in his wrath." No doubt the object is either to pray that some very heavy judgment might fall upon 'them, or to foretell that it would.

(t)" Rejoice." He would have two grounds for being thankful; the one

2 O deliver me wicked doers: and save me from the blood-thirsty-men.

3 For lo, they lie waiting for my soul the mighty men are gathered against me, withou

that he was not included in the destruction, the other that he is delivered from the oppression, &c. of those on whom it did fall.

(u)"Wash," &c. i. e. the destruction shall be such, that he shall have the opportunity even of washing his feet in the blood of the slain. So Ps. lxviii. 23. God is represented as having promised to bring again his people with such vengeance upon their adversaries, "that thy "foot may be dipped in the blood of "thine enemies, and that the tongue of "thy dogs may be red through the


(x) A prayer for deliverance from some unjust attack, expressing the utmost confidence that God would grant

any offence or fault of me, O Lord.

4 They run and prepare themselves without my fault (y): arise thou therefore to help me, and behold.

5 Stand up, O Lord God of hosts, thou God of Israel, to visit all the heathen (z): and be not merciful unto them that offend of malicious wickedness.

6 They go to and fro in the evening they grin like a dog, and run about through the city.

7 Behold, they speak (a) with their mouth, and swords (b) are in their lips for "who doth "hear (c)?"

8 But thou, O Lord, shalt have them in derision: and thou shalt laugh all the heathen to

[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]


people forget it but scatter them abroad among the people, and put them down, O Lord, our defence.

12 For the sin of their mouth, and for the words of their lips, they shall be taken in their pride : and why? their preaching is of cursing and lies.

13 Consume them in thy wrath, consume them, that they may perish and know that it is God that ruleth in Jacob, and unto the ends of the world.

14 (f) And in the evening they will return grin like a dog, and will go about the city.

15 They will run here and there for meat and grudge if they be not satisfied.

16 As for me, I will sing of thy power, and will praise thy mercy betimes in the morning: for thou hast been my defence and refuge in the day of my

JO God sheweth me his good-trouble. ness plenteously: and God shall let me see my desire (d) upon mine enemies.



11. Slay them not (e), lest my

It is supposed by some to have been written by David when Saul sent messengers to his house to watch and kill him, and Michal his wife let him down through a window. See 1 Sam. xix. Others suppose that it was written in Hezekiah's time, when Sennacherib, king of Assyria, sent Rabshakeh to Jerusalem with a great army.

(y) "Without my fault," i. e. without any fault in me.



Heathen," i. e. perhaps, wicked

(a)" They speak," &c. i. e. when they speak, it is as if swords were in their lips, what they say is so destructive.

(b) "Swords," &c. See note on Ps. lv. 22. ante 309.

17 Unto thee, O my strength, will I sing for thou, O God, art my refuge, and my merciful God.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]



"Who doth hear."

These are

[blocks in formation]

(g) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David. It refers to some great distresses the people had had, notices an assurance God had given David that he should reduce the neighbour. ing nations to subjection, and expresses a conviction that God's assistance would secure him success. It was probably written soon after David was anointed

king over Israel. Upon the battle in which Saul was slain, many of the Israelites deserted their cities, and left them to the Philistines, who dwelt in them. David was at first king over the house of Judah only, and one of Saul's sons, Ishbosheth, was made king over the rest of Israel; there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David, and it was not until after he had reigned seven years and six months over Judah that David was made king over all Israel. It is probably therefore to these events that David alludes in the early part of the Psalm. The last eight verses are nearly the same as the last eight in Ps. cviii. v.3.

(b) "A drink," &c. A figurative expression for great affliction. So Is. li. 17. "Awake, awake, stand up, O "Jerusalem, which hast drank at the "hand of the Lord the cup of his fury, "thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup "of trembling, and wrung them out." See also Is. li. 22.-Jer. xxv. 15. So our Saviour repeatedly speaks of his afflictions under the figure of "a cup." Thus, Matt. xx. 22. he puts the question to Zebedee's children, "Are ye able to

delivered help me with thy right hand, and hear me.

6 (k) God hath spoken in his holiness, "I will rejoice and "divide Sichem : and mete out "the valley of Succoth.

7 "Gilead is mine, and Ma"nasses is mine: Ephraim also "is the strength of my head; "Judah is my lawgiver;

8" Moab is my washpot; over "Edom will I cast out my shoe: "Philistia (1), be thou gladofme." 9 Who will lead me into the strong city who will bring me into Edom?

10 (m) Hast not thou cast us

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]

"The cup which my father hath given

66 me, shall I not drink it?" See also Ps. lxxv. 9, 10.


(i) Read, "But thou hast given,"

(4) The right reading may perhaps be, "God hath given me this assurance in "his sanctuary, I shall rejoice and d "vide Sichem," &c. &c. and then the meaning is, I shall divide, i. e. have under my dominion, Sichem and Succoth; Gi lead, Manasses, Ephraim, and Judah are already mine; I shall have the same power over Moab as over my wash-pot; I shall be able to tread Edom under my feet, and Philistia shall be so completely subdued unto me, as to be glad to have me to rule over her. Or God may considered as speaking, and David might understand that he was to be the instru ment in God's hand to subdue these powers.


(1) "Philistia," &c. In Ps. cviii. 9. the expression is, "Upon Philistia will "I triumph." The meaning here probably is, be thou glad of me as thy master, to be under my controul and government. So Ps. lxxxix. 12. " Tabor and "Hermon shall rejoice in thy name."

(m) The reading should perhaps be, " "Hast thou then cast us out, O God,"


[ocr errors]

out, O God wilt not thou, O God, go out with our hosts?

11 O be thou our help in trouble for vain is the help of


12 Through God will we do great acts for it is he that shall tread down our enemies.

Psalm lxi. (n) HEAR my crying, O God: give

ear unto my prayer.

2 From the ends of the earth (o) will I call upon thee: when my heart is in heaviness.


3 O set me up upon the rock that is higher than I: for thou hast been my hope, and a strong tower for me against the enemy.

4 I will dwell in thy tabernacle for ever and my trust shall be under the covering (p) of thy wings.

5 For thou, O Lord, hast heard my desires: and hast given an (9) heritage unto those that fear thy Name.

6 Thou shalt grant the King a long life that his years may endure throughout all generations.


7 He shall dwell before God for ever: O prepare thy lovingmercy and faithfulness, that they may preserve him.

(n) This is understood to be a Psalm of David's, and is supposed to have been written on account of his flight upon Absalom's rebellion. It begins with an anxious appeal to God for protection, and concludes as if he either had received it, or was fully assured he should.

(o) "The ends of the earth," i.e. the distant parts to which he had been constrained to flee. In Ps. xlii. 8. which was written on the same occasion, he says, he will remember God "

[ocr errors]


ing" (or, even from) "the land of "Jordan, and the little hill of Hermon."

[blocks in formation]

2 He verily is my strength and my salvation he is my defence, so that I shall not greatly fall.

3 How long will ye imagine mischief against every man ye shall be slain all the sort of you; yea, as a tottering wall (s) shall ye be, and like a broken hedge.

4 Their device is only how to put him out whom God will exalt their delight is in lies; they give good words with their mouth, but curse with their heart.

5 Nevertheless, my soul, wait thou still upon God for my hope is in him.

6 He truly is my strength and my salvation he is my defence,

so that I shall not fall.

7 In God is my health and my glory: the rock of my might, and in God is my trust.

(p)" Covering," &c. See note on v.4. Ps. xvii. 8. ante 255.

(9) For "given an heritage unto," v.5. B. T. reads, "given me the heritage of," &c. meaning the land of God's people, of the Israelites.

(r) This Psalm is supposed to have been written by David. It expresses in a strong and confident manner his reliance upon God's protection against the attempts of his enemies, and exhorts the people to put their trust in him.

"A tottering wall," i. e. so far v.3. from being able to make any resistance, as to be hardly capable of standing by

« VorigeDoorgaan »