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Confounded, I find ; and the best bottom they could get, was the Pope's Authority, or the Jews; not a Tittle from Christ Jesus, or his Apostles, to this Day; but the contrary, aş hath been shewed already at large. . I find, che Dominicans and Franciscan Fryars would have it, That Tithes were not of Divine Right, but meer Alms; and these fought to gain a good part therefore to themfelves. s · About the Years 800, 900, and 1000. I find, Tithes were called, The Lord's Goods : The Patrimony of sbe. P.gory &c. And the Council of Nants declared, “The Clergy.

should not use them as their own, buç dispose of them to the use of chę Poor. But the Council at Lyons, under Pope Gregory, 1274. Conftituted, “That it should i norbe Lawful henceforward for Men co 'give, their Tithes at their own pleasure, ' where they would ; but now they must ? pay all to the Mother-Church. And the Council of Trent, 1560: , said, Titbes were due to God, and so conclnded, they must be paid to God, and Holy Church, rii: :220, !

Thus, by what has been said, it's plain when Tithes came up; and how, and by whom, and who made Laws for the Payment of them, and to whom they commanded them to be paid; And therefore what I said in my Leta qers of the Repe, and his Priests, it is clearly proved from whence those Laws, that com. pelled shę Paymenç of Tiches, sprung. So

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take other from thchat I may land a litt, the Pope

the Vicar of Bray is fo fill Popery and Sla. very, is Popery and Slavery till : And therefore deny Self, and own Truth; come out of Baa bylon, partake not of her Sins, left thoù par. take of her Plagues, that will cerrainly come upón her from the great God of Heaven and Earth. But yet, that I may not be short, let us follow the Pope into England a litrle. ;

Aboué the Year 600. or foon after, the Pope of Rome fent over Augustin the Monk into Eng. land, who was à Canon Regular, by whom Etbelbert, King of Kent, was Converted, and he and his Clergy followed the Example of former- Ages, Bed. lib. 1. 26. and imitared the Practice of the Apostolical Primitive Church, and liv'd in common upon the Offerings of their Converts : And those that received them, joynd into Societies; and out of their Offerings, repaired the Teinples of the Gen. tiles, which Pope Gregorg advised not to'dedeftroy, but convéres to Christian Services,

See here the Rise of your High Places : They Builded some Houses, and callid them Churches, in which the Priests exercised their Shrivings : And the Pope advised Augistin, that che English Sacon Church, and the Clergy, should are the Community of all things, as it was in the Apostles Day's But after a great part of the Nation was brought over to the Popis Faith, they began to Preach up the Old Ros man Do&trine, that Titbes-ong bt to be paid to God and Holy' Cburch, as the Phrase was; and that Pardon' of Sin, and the Joys of Heaven,

were

weré merited' by Good Works; and the Torments of Helt evaded, by Charity: This made them easily yield to give Tenths, and Lands, and ourward Riches to those calla Religious Houses ; so thar Abundance was given, and the Clergy grew Rich and Great; But how long this Coinmühity continued among the Clergy, doth not fully appear : But till the time of Henry the Third, no Tithes, as Tithes, were generally paid in England, but (as I find by Bede, in Exemplar. Saxom. I. 3) a Decree was made (as Lindwood in Constitut. Provincial, informs) that for every Twenty Shillings Rent, a Parthing a Sunday, as they callid it, was to be paid, {for they named the Days' after the Hearhen Names, one called Sunday, another Monday, &c.') and the Tenth Part of the Yearly Rent of their Houses. .

As concerning Laws and Canons for Tithes among the Saxons, it is faid, That in the Year 786. Pope Adrian, being grown Great, sent two Legates into England, for Reformacion, as it was call’d, who brought Lercers ro Offa King of Merceland, and Alfewold King Northumberland. Whereụpon Alfewold call d a Council in the North, and Offa and Kenulpb. called another for the South, who ordained," That a Tenth Part of the Pruits of the Earth should be paid, as it was written in the Law of Moses, and off, and the Bishops and Abu bots, subscribed itwith a Cross to it See Selden's Hiffory of Titbes, cap. 8. fect. 2. *

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· The same Author also says, Ibid. fe&t. 4. That Ethelwolf, King of the Weft-Saxons, in the Year 855. made a Law, that Tithes of all his Lands. should be given to God, and his Servants, and be freed from all Taxes. ; :; ; '; .: Bur I find by History, that King Offa kill'd

Etbelbert, and gave a Tenth of his Goods to pacifie, his Ghoft; and that Edgar, being in Love with Etbeldwold's Wife, to obtain his end, murder'd him; upon which the Pope sending forth his Bull; Edgar, to appease him, confirm'd to the Church the Tenth of all the Fruit of his Field, and Cattel, to the Priests and their Succellors : So Murder and Whoredom helped forward the Priests Right of Tithes. And is it not clear what Church that was, and in the dark Nighr of Popery too, against which the first Martyrs testified? And was it a good Law for Princes to give away, orher Mens Goods, to expiate their own Sins ? Could the giving of them artone? Is it not an acknowledgment of the Pope's Power to absolve, and a Bribing off the Guilt of Sin against Almighty God by Gifts to a Mortal. Man, and those extorted from a Poor People, 100 ? Is this Protestantism? Is this any other but plain Popery? If it doch deserve a bercer Name, William, thew thy Reason for it. i :

I remember one ancient Pallage in Story, That the Day that Constantine conferrd those large Endowments of Tithes, and Rich Benehics upon the Church, a Voice was heard from Heaven, laying, This day is Poyfon poured.

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into the Churcb :! Since which time, it back been observed by some very Considerate Perfons, That the Riches and great Power of Church-Officers, hath been the Canker of the Church, and 'Moth of the Stare.

But let's see a little further what History faith concerning Ethelwolf: When the Danes invaded England, and great Wars came on, he calld a Council, where were present Bersin. redus King of Mercia, and Edmund King of the Eaft-Angles; and they, to remove the heavy Judgment that was upon them, gave the Tithe of all the Land to God, and his Servants; as their Phrase then was. So I find King Atbelstan, King Edmund, King Edgar, King Etbelred, King Knute, King Edward the Confessor; and several Saxon Kings, made feveral Laws for Tithes, as History relates.

And William the Conqueror, when he came in with the Normans, he also confirm'd the Liberties of the Church; fo Hen. I. and Hen. II. did the like: And King Stepben also, who gave to the Priory of Eye in Suffolk, as may be seen in an Original Charter of his, the Tenths of several of his Mannors for the Pardon of his Sins, and obtaining the Joys of Heaven, for his own Soul, and the Soul of his Father, Motber, Uncle, &c. . Selden Hift. of

Tithes, c. 11. . . And another Old Charter says, That Ralpb Bishop of Cbicbefter, granted to the Abby of Basted the Tenths of fundry Mannors, for

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