honour to her taste and discrimination, and, at the same time, discovers, how little, even in a period so late as the middle of the last century, his genius was either known or valued. 'Some ladies," remarks Mrs. Haywood, "have shewn a truly public spirit in rescuing the admirable, yet almost forgotten Shakspeare, from being totally sunk in oblivion:-they have contributed to raise a monument to his memory, and frequently honoured his works with their presence on the stage: an action which deserves the highest encomiums, and will be attended with an adequate reward; since, in preserving the fame of the dead bard, they add a brightness to their own, which will shine to late posterity."* The Female Spectator was very popular during the time of its publication, and for many years subsequent to its first appearance, and merits revival in a form better accommodated to the modern taste in typography and embellishment.

50. THE REMEMBRANCER. Mr. James Ralph, the author of this paper, and of many essays in the Champion and Old England, was originally a schoolmaster at Philadelphia, in North America. He came over to England about the year 1728, and commenced an author by profession. He wrote in the London Journal, the Weekly

* Vol. 1, p. 259, 260.

Medley, &c. and by his industry and perseverance obtained the patronage of some individuals of considerable rank and influence. Among these was Mr. Doddington, afterwards Lord Melcombe, to whose party views he was long an useful and subservient instrument. His ambition to become a poet, and his temerity in attacking his superiors in the commonwealth of letters, at length introduced him to the honours of the Dunciad, where his poem, entituled Night, is not undeservedly satirized; he was immediately indebted, however, for his insertion among the dunces, to some foolish lines entituled Sawney, an abusive satire on Swift, Gay, and Pope.. He was, likewise, an unsuccessful votary of the comic Muse, and attempted a still higher flight in what is termed a Pindaric Ode in blank verse, The Muse's Address to the King.* His prose compositions were, nevertheless, far from being despicable; and his 'History of England" from the revolution to the restoration, in which he received the assistance of his patron Lord Melcombe, and by whose advice, indeed, it was written, is a curious and valuable compilation. Ralph had frequently experienced the miseries attendant upon writing for bread;

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* See some curious strictures on his Night, his Fashionable Lady, a Farce, and his Pindaric Ode, in the Memoirs of the Society of Grub-street, vol. 1, Nos. 5, 16, and 21.

and his last production, a pamphlet styled "The Case of Authors by Profession," 8vo. 1758, is composed with spirit and feeling: it enumerates all the bitter evils incident to an employment so precarious, and so inadequately rewarded; and abounds in anecdote and entertainment. Ralph died, a martyr to the gout, on January 24th, 1762. The Remembrancer was a weekly paper, undertaken a short time previous to the rebellion, to serve the purposes of Lord Melcombe's party; and in his lordship's Diary Ralph is frequently mentioned with distinguished approbation.


52. THE JACOBITE JOURNAL. Both these papers were written by Fielding, who, zealously attached to the house of Hanover and the protestant religion, exerted all his efforts in their cause. The True Patriot made its appearance on November 5th, 1745, and on its decease was succeeded by the Jacobite Journal. Many of these essays were very popular and impressive, and contributed essentially to awaken the public mind to the dangers and the ruin that would result from the success of the Pretender and his party.

53. THE FOOL, a paper of a miscellaneous kind, though chiefly devoted to politics, was published for about eight months in the Daily Gazetteer. The first number is dated Thursday,

July 10th, 1746, and the last and ninety-third number, Wednesday, February 25th, 1747. It was re-printed in 1748, in two volumes 12mo, with a preface and index. A few just observations and remarks are scattered through this work, and some faint scintillations of wit and humour occasionally sparkle in its pages; but the style is often coarse, and very incorrect ; and after a perusal of the whole, I cannot say that I have found more than three or four essays which merit preservation.*

54. THE PARROT. This periodical paper was written in the year 1746, by Mrs. Haywood and her associates in the composition of the Female

* Warburton in his Commentary on the Dunciad, speaking of the Daily Gazetteer, observes, that " into this, as a common sink, was received all the trash, which had been before dispersed in several journals, and circulated at the public expence of the nation. The authors were the same obscure men, though sometimes relieved by occasional essays from statesmen, courtiers, bishops, deans, and doctors. The meaner sort were rewarded with money; others with places or benefices, from an hundred to a thousand a year. It appears from the Report of the Secret Committee for enquiring into the conduct of R. Earl of O. that no less than fifty thousand seventy-seven pounds, eighteen shillings, were paid to authors and printers of newspapers, such as Free-Britons, Daily Courants, Corn-Cutters, Journals, Gazetteers, and other political papers, between February 10th, 1731, and February 10th, 1741."

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Spectator. It consists but of nine numbers, which were published weekly, and which form, in their collected state, a thin octavo volume. The first number is dated August 2d, 1746, and the last October 4th, 1746. To every essay is appended a Compendium of the Times, containing, among other political affairs, a variety of particulars relative to the rebellion, and the execution of its vanquished chiefs. The first compendium, for instance, mentions the execution of nine rebel officers, on the 28th of September, 1746; and among these is the name of James Dawson, the unfortunate youth who furnished the subject of Shenstone's very pathetic ballad. The melancholy proof of female constancy and tenderness which was exhibited on this awful occasion, is thus circumstantially narrated.

"A young lady, of a good family and handsome fortune, had, for some time, extremely loved and been equally beloved by Mr. James Dawson, one of those unhappy gentlemen, who suffered on Wednesday last at Kennington Common for high treason; and had he been acquitted, or after condemnation found the royal mercy, the day of his enlargement was to have been that of their marriage.

"I will not prolong the narrative by any repetition of what she suffered on sentence being passed

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