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A. D. 32.
A. D. 32, vanities : but fear thou God, Eccles. v. Christ from the rudiments of the 2–7. Bring no more vain oblations; world, why, as though living in the incense is an abomination unto me; world, are ye subject to ordinances ; the new moons and sabbaths,' the (Touch not; taste not; handle not; calling of assemblies, I cannot away which all are to perish with the with ; it is iniquity, even the solemn using ;) after the commandments and meeting. Your new moons and your doctrines of men ? Col. ii. 18—22. appointed feasts my soul hateth : they Neither give heed to fables and endare a trouble unto me; I am weary less genealogies, which minister questo bear them. And when ye spread tions, rather than godly edifying, forth your hands, I will hide mine which is in faith: so do, 1 Tim. i. 4. eyes from you : yea, when ye make Now the Spirit speaketh expressly, many prayers, I will not hear : your that in the latter times some shall dehands are full of blood, Isa. i. 13—15. part from the faith, giving heed to se. Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice ducing spirits, and doctrines of devils; like a trumpet, and shew my people Forbidding to marry, and commandtheir transgression, and the house of ing to abstain from meats, which God Jacob their sins. Yet they seek me hath created to be received with daily, and delight to know my ways, thanksgiving of them which believe as a nation that did righteousness, and know the truth, iv. 1. 3. If thou and forsook not the ordinance of their put the brethren in remembrance of God: they ask of me the ordinances these things, thou shalt be a good of justice; they take delight in ap- minister of Jesus Christ, nourished up proaching to God. Wherefore have in the words of faith and of good we fasted, say they, and thou seest doctrine, whereunto thou hast atnot? wherefore have we afflicted our tained. But refuse profane and old soul, and thou takest no knowledge wives' fables, and exercise thyself Behold, in the day of your fast ye rather unto godliness, 6, 7. This find pleasure, and exact all your la- witness is true. Wherefore rebuke bours, lviii. 1-3. Ye have said, It them sharply, that they may be sound is vain to serve God: and what profit in the faith; Not giving heed to Jewis it that we have kept his ordinance, ish fables, and commandments of men, and that we have walked mournfully that turn from the truth, Tit. i. 13, before the Lord of hosts? Mal. iii. 14. Be not carried about with divers 14. Howbeit in vain do they wor- and strange doctrines. For it is a ship me, teaching for doctrines the good thing that the heart be estacommandments of men, Mark vii. 7. blished with grace; not with meats, By which also ye are saved, if ye which have not profited them that keep in memory what I preached un. have been occupied therein, Heb. to you, unless ye have believed in xiii. 9. For I testify to every man vain, 1 Cor. xv. 2.
that beareth the words of the proWhat thing soever I command you, phecy of this book. If any man shall observe to do it: thou shalt not add add unto these things, God shall add thereto nor diminish from it, Deut. xii. unto him the plagues that are written 32. Every word of God ispure: he is a in this book, Rev. xxii. 18. shield unto them that put theirtrust in
VER. 10. him. Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found
Και προσκαλεσάμενος τον όχλον, είπεν a liar, Prov. XXX. 5, 6. Let no man
αυτούς. 'Ακούετε και συνίετε. beguile you of your reward in a vo And a he called the multitude, and luntary humility and worshipping of said unto them, 6 Hear, and underangels, intruding into those things
stand : which he hath not seen, vainly puffed a And when he had called all the up by his fleshly mind, And not people unto him, he said unto them, holding the Head, from which all the Hearken unto me every one of you, body by joints and bands having and understand : There is nothing nourishment ministered, and knit to- from without a man, that entering in gether, increaseth with the increase of to him can defile him : but the things God. Wherefore if ye be dead with | which come out of him, those are
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MATT. XV. 10, 11.
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they that defile the man. If any that made that which is without, make man have ears to hear, let him hear, that which is within also? But rather Mark vii. 14-16.
give alms of such things as ye have; When any one heareth the word and, behold, all things are clean unto of the kingdom, and understandeth you, Luke xi. 38-41. But Peter it not, then cometh the wicked one said, Not so, Lord; for I have never and catcheth away that which was eaten any thing that is common or sown in his heart. This is he which unclean. And the voice spake unto received seed by the way side, Matt. him again the second time, What xiii. 19. And he said, "Go, and tell God hath cleansed, that call not thou this people, Hear ye indeed, but common, Acts x. 14, 15. But I said, understand not; and see ye indeed, Not so, Lord: for nothing common or but perceive not, Isa. vi. 9. Incline unclean hath at any time entered into your ear, and come unto me: hear, my mouth. But the voice answered and your soul shall live ; and I will me again from heaven, What God make an everlasting covenant with hath cleansed, that call thou not comyou, even the sure mercies of David, mon, xi. 8, 9. I know, and am per1v. 3. Then opened he their under- suaded by the Lord Jesus, that there standing, that they might understand is nothing unclean of itself: but to the Scriptures, Luke xxiv. 45. That him that esteemeth any thing to be the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, unclean, to him it is unclean, Rom. the Father of glory, may give unto xiv. 14. For the kingdom of God is you the spirit of wisdom and revela- not meat and drink; but righteousness, tion in the knowledge of him: The and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost, eyes of your understanding being en 17. For meat destroy not the work lightened ; that ye may know what of God. All things indeed are pure; is the hope of his calling, and what but it is evil for that man who eateth the riches of the glory of his inheri with offence, 20. For every creature tance in the saints, Eph. i. 17, 18. of God is good, and nothing to be reFor this cause we also, since the day fused, if it be received with thanks. we heard it, do not cease to pray for giving: For it is sanctified by the you, and to desire that ye might be word of God and prayer, 1 Tim. iv. 4, filled with the knowledge of his will 5. Unto the pure all things are pure; in all wisdom and spiritual under but unto them that are defiled and unstanding, Col. i. 9. If any of you believing is nothing pure ; but even lack wisdom, let him ask of God, their mind and conscience is defiled, that giveth to all men liberally, and Tit. i. 15. Be not carried about with upbraideth not; and it shall be given divers and strange doctrines. For it bim, Jam. i. 5.
is a good thing that the heart be es. VER. 11.
tablished with grace ; not with meats, Οι το εισερχόμενον εις το στόμα κοινού which have notprofted them that have τον άνθρωπον· αλλά το εκπορευόμενον εκ
been occupied therein, Heb. xiii. 9. του στόματος, τούτο κοινού τον άνθρωπον.
o But those things which proceed
out of the mouth come forth from Not a that which goeth into the mouth the heart; and they defile the man. defileth a man ; 6 but that which cometh For out of the heart proceed evil out of the mouth, this depleth a man.
thoughts, murders, adulteries, forni* There is nothing from without a cations, thefts, false witness, blaspheman, that entering into him can defile mies: These are the things which dehim : but the things which come out file a man : but to eat with unwashen of him, those are they that defile the hands defileth not a man, ver. 18-20. man, Mark vii. 15. And when the O generation of vipers, how can ye, Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he being evil, speak good things? for out had not first washed before dinner of the abundance of the heart the And the Lord said unto him, Now mouth speaketh. A good man out do ye Pharisees make clean the out of the good treasure of the heart side of the cup and the platter; but bringeth® forth good things : and an your inward part is full of ravening evil man out of the evil treasure bringand wickedness. Ye fools, did not he leth forth evil things. But I say unto
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A. D. 32. you, That every idle word that men in
any brother : for every brother will shall speak, they shall give account utterly supplant, and every neighbour thereof in the day of judgment. For will walk with slanders. And they by thy words thou shalt be justified, will deceive every one bis neighbour, and by thy words thou shalt be con- and will not speak the truth: they demned, xii. 34–37. His mouth is have taught their tongue to speak lies, full of cursing and deceit and fraud : and weary themselves to commit ini. under his tongue is mischief and vani- quity. Thine habitation is in the ty, Psal. x. 7. They speak vanity every midst of deceit; through deceít they one with his neighbour: with flattering refuse to know me, saith the LORD, lips, and with a double heart do they Jer. ix. 3-6. Their throat is an open speak, xii. 2. Thy tongue deviseth sepulchre ; with their tongues they mischief; like a sharp razor, working have used deceit; the poison of asps deceitfully. Thou lovest evil more is under their lips : Whose mouth is than good; and lying rather than to full of cursing and bitterness, Rom. speak righteousness. Selah. Thou ii. 13, 14. Even so the tongue is a lovest all devouring words, O thou little member, and boasteth great deceitful tongue, lii. 2–4. The wick- things. Behold, how great a matter ed are estranged from the womb : they a little fire kindleth! And the tongue go astray as soon as they be born, is a fire, a world of iniquity: so is the speaking lies. Their poison is like tongue among our members, that it the poison of a serpent: they are like defileth the whole body, and setteth on the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear, fire the course of nature; and it is set lviii. 3, 4. Whom hast thou reproach- on fire of hell. For every kind of ed and blasphemed? and against beasts, and of birds, and of serpents, whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and of things in the sea, is tamed, and and lifted up thine eyes on high? even hath been tamed of mankind : But against the Holy One of Israel, Isa. the tongue can no man tame; it is xxxvii. 23. For your hands are de an unruly evil, full of deadly poison, filed with blood, and your fingers with Jam. iii. 5–8. For when they speak iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, great swelling words of vanity, they your tongue hath muttered perverse allure through the lusts of the flesh, ness. None calleth for justice, nor through much wantonness, those that any pleadeth for truth : they trust in were clean escaped from them who vanity, and speak lies; they conceive live in error, 2 Pet. ii. 18. mischief, and bring forth iniquity. They
VER. 12. hatch cockatrice' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he that eateth of their Τότε προσελθόντες οι μαθηταί αυτού, , eggs dieth, and that which is crushed είπον αυτώ οίδας ότι οι Φαρισαίοι, ακούbreaketh out into a viper, lix. 3-5. | σαντες τον λόγον, έσκανδαλίσθησαν; In transgressing and lying against Then came his disciples, and said unto the Lord, and departing away from him, a Knowest thou that the Pharisees our God, speaking oppression and re were offended, after they heard this sayvolt, conceiving and uttering from the ing ? heart words of falsehood. And judg.
a See on clause 2. ver. 6. chap. xi. ment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth is
VER. 13. fallen in the street, and equity cannot ο δε αποκριθείς, είπε: πάσα φυτεία enter. Yea, truth faileth ; and he mig oir iPÚTEUTEY • warip pou ó cigários, that departeth from evil maketh him
έκριζωθήσεται. . self a prey: and the Lord saw it, and it displeased him that there was no
But he answered und said, a' Every judgment, 13—15. And they bend plant, which my heavenly Father hath not their tongues like their bow för lies : planted, shall be rooted up. but they are not valiant for the truth a As therefore the tares are gaupon the earth ; for they proceed from thered and bumed in the fire ; so evil to evil, and they know not me, shall be in the end of this world. saith the LORD. Take ye heed every The Son of man shall send forth his one of his neighbour, and trust ye not / angels, and they shall gather out of
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MATT. XV. 13-15.
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his kingdom all things that offend, and sleeping, lying down, loving to slum-
upon this foundation gold, that I visit them, they shall be cast silver, precious stones, wood, hay, down, saith the Lord, vi. 15. Were stubble; every man's work shall be they ashamed when they had commitmade manifest : for the day shall ed abomination ? nay, they were not declare it, because it shall be revealed at all ashamed, neither could they by fire; and the fire shall try every blush: therefore shall they fall among man's work of what sort it is. If any them that fall; in the time of their man's work abide which he hath built visitation they shall be cast down, thereupon, he shall receive a reward. saith the LORD, viii. 12. And if the If any man's work shall be burned, he prophet be deceived when he hath shall suffer loss : but he himself shall spoken a thing, I the Lord have debe saved ; yet so as by fire, 1 Cor. iii. ceived that prophet, and I will stretch 12–15.
out my hand upon him, and will deVER. 14.
stroy him from the midst of my people "Αφετε αυτούς οδηγοί είσι τυφλοί τυφ- ment of their iniquity: the punishment
Israel. And they shall bear the punishλών, τυφλός δε τυφλόν εάν οδηγή, αμφότε- | of the prophet
shall be even as the puρου εις βόθυνον πεσούνται,
nishment of him that seeketh unto him, Let them alone : athey be blind leaders Ezek. xiv. 9, 10. But there were false of the blind. b And if ihe blind lead the prophets also among the people, even blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
as there shall be false teachers among a Ephraim is joined to idols: let you, who privily shall bring in damhim alone, Hos. iv. 17. Perverse nable heresies, even denying the Lord disputings of men of corrupt minds, that bought them, and bring upon and destitute of the truth, supposing themselves swift destruction, 2 Pet. ii. that gain is godliness : from such with- 1. These are wells without water, draw thyself, 1 Tim. vi. 5.
clouds that are carried with a tempest; b Woe unto you, ye blind guides, to whom the mist of darkness is rewhich say, Whosoever shall swear by served for ever, 17. And the beast the temple, it is nothing ; but whoso- was taken, and with him the false ever shall swear by the gold of the tem- prophet that wrought miracles before ple, he is a debtor! Matt. xxiii. 16. him, with which he deceived them Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts that had received the mark of the is the land darkened, and the people beast, and them that worshipped his shall be as the fuel of the fire : noman image. These both were cast alive into shall spare his brother, Isa. ix. 19. a lake of fire burning with brimstone, And I will bring the blind by a way Rev. xix. 20. For without are dogs, that they knew not; I will lead them and sorcerers, and whoremongers, in paths that they have not known: I and murderers, and idolaters, and will make darkness light before them, whosoever loveth and maketh a lie, and crooked things straight. These xxii. 15. things will I do unto them, and not
VER. 15. forsake them, xlii. 16. His watchmen are blind : they are all ignorant, they 'Αποκριθείς δε ο Πέτρος, είπεν αυτώ. ere all dumb dogs, they cannot bark; 1 ogáo njeño the tagabonnie Taútny.
MATT. XV, 15-18.
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Then answered Peter and said unto
VER. 17. him, Declare unto us this parable.
Ούπω νοείτε, ότι σαν το εισπορευόμενον VER. 16.
εις το στόμα, εις την κοιλίαν χωρεί, και ο δε Ιησούς είπεν: 'Ακμήν και υμείς εις άφεδεώνα εκβάλλεται; ασύνετοι έστε; ;
Do not ye yet understand, a that whatAnd Jesus said, a Are ye also yet with soever entereth in at the mouth goeth out understanding ?
into the belly, and is cast out into the a And he called the multitude, and draught? said unto them, Hear, and under a Because it entereth not into his stand, ver. 10. Jesus saith unto heart, but into the belly, and goeth them, Have ye understood all these out into the draught, purging all things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord, meats? And he said, That which xiii. 51. Do ye not yet understand, cometh out of the man, that defileth neither remember the five loaves of the man, Mark vii. 19, 20. Meats the five thousand, and how many for the belly, and the belly for meats : baskets ye took up? How is it that ye but God shall destroy both it and do not understand that I spake it not them. Now the body is not for forto you concerning bread, that ye nication, but for the Lord; and the should beware of the leaven of the Lord for the body, 1 Cor. vi. 13. Pharisees and of the Sadducess? xvi.
VER. 18. 9. 11. Whom shall he teach knowledge and whom shall he make to | εκ της καρδίας εξέρχεται, κακείνα κοινού
Τα δε εκπορευόμενα εκ του στόματος, , understand doctrine them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn
τον άνθρωπον. . from the breasts. For precept must be
But a those things which proceed out upon precept, precept upon precept ; of the mouth come forth from the heart; line upon line, line upon line; here a and they defile the man. little, and there a little, Isa. xxvii. 9, a Not that which goeth into the 10. And he saith unto them, Are ye so mouth defileth a man, but that which without understanding also ? Do ye cometh out of the mouth, this denot perceive, that whatsoever thing fileth a man, ver. 11. O generation from without entereth into the man, it of vipers, how can ye, being evil, cannot defile him, Mark vii. 18. And speak good things ? for out the when Jesus knew it, he saith unto abundance of the heart the mouth them, Why reason ye, because ye have speaketh, xii. 34. As saith the prono bread ? perceive ye not yet, neither verb of the ancients, Wickedness understand? have ye your heart yet proceedeth from the wicked : but hardened? Having eyes, see ye not?
mine hand shall not be upon thee, and having ears, hear ye not? and do 1 Sam. xxiv. 13. The words of his ye not remember? viii. 17, 18. But mouth are iniquity and deceit: he they understood not that saying, and hath left off to be wise, and to do were afraid to ask him, ix. 32. But good, Psal. xxxvi. 3. A naughty they understood not this saying, and it person, a wicked man, walketh with was hid from them, that they perceiv- a froward mouth, Prov. vi. 12. The ed it not: and they feared to ask him lips of the righteous know what is of that saying, Luke ix. 45. And they acceptable : but the mouth of the understood none of these things : and wicked speaketh frowardness, x. 32. this saying was hid from them, nei. The tongue of the wise useth knowther knew they the things which were ledge aright: but the mouth of fools spoken, xviii. 34. Then opened he poureth out foolishness, xv. 2. The their understanding, that they might heart of the righteous studieth to anunderstand the Scriptures, xxiv. 45. swer : but the mouth of the wicked For when for the time ye ought to be poureth out evil things, 28. And he teachers, ye have need that one teach saith unto him, Out of thine own you again which be the first principles mouth will I judge thee, thou wicked of the oracles of God; and are become servant. Thou knewest that I was such as have need of milk, and not of an austere man, taking up that I laid strong meat, Heb. v. 12.
not down, and reaping that I did not