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the Chancellor, Vice-Chancellor, and Fellows of the said University of London, by regulation in that behalf shall have determined.

“Given at our Court at St. James's the eleventh day of August, 1840, in the fourth year of our reign. By her Majesty's Command.

(Signed) “NORMANBY."

ANNIVERSARY OF AIREDALE COLLEGE, BRADFORD, YORKSHIRE.

The anniversary of this Institution was held on the 24th of June. The services commenced in the College Chapel, at 11 o'clock in the forenoon. The Rev. John Ely, of Leeds, opened the services with prayer. Very good essays, which appeared to give much satisfaction, were read by three of the senior students; by Mr. Tasker on revivals of religion ; by Mr. Cooke on the present state and future prospects of the Jews; and by Mr. Scales on the inconsistency of atheists in endeavouring to propagate their sentiments. A very admirable address, and which he was afterwards unanimously requested to publish, was delivered to the students by the Rev. John Kelly, of Liverpool. The constituents of the college then adjourned to the library room of the college, when John Peele Clapham, Esq. having been called to the chair, the usual business of the Institution was transacted. In the evening an excellent and evangelical sermon was preached in the College Chapel by the Rev. A. Ewing, of Halifax.

On the preceding day the annual examination of the students was held ;-the Rev. B. B. Haigh, of Tadcaster, in the chair. It commenced at an early hour in the morning and continued till late in the evening. The following is the report of the gentlemen by whom it was conducted.

“The Committee of Examination cheerfully renders the constituents of Airedale College a report of the exercises which have occupied it this day.

The following is an outline of the branches of study pursued by the students during the past year.

In Hebrew the senior class has read 32 chapters in Isaiah, collating it, the 6 first chapters excepted, with the Septuagint, the whole of the Chaldee of Ezra, and also the Gospel of Matthew, and 6 chapters of Mark in Syriac.

The second class has read, in Hebrew, from the 46th to the 78th Psalms inclusive; in Chaldee, 4 chapters in Daniel; and in Syriac 6 chapters in Matthew.

The third class has directed its attention to the first 17 chapters in Genesis.

Lectures have been given in divinity to all the students on the existence and perfections of God, connected with examinations and essays on the subjects of each, and the reading and criticism of a sermon and plan every week.

The senior class has read, in Greek, the greater part of the Nubes of Aristophanes ; the 1st and 2nd Epistles to Corinthians, together with the Epistles to the Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and the 1st and 2nd to the Thessalonians; and in Latin the first Satires of Juvenal, and the whole of Persidis.

The second class has gone through, in Greek, a considerable part of the Prometheus Vinctus of Eschylus; the 1st and 2nd Epistles to Timothy, and the Epistle to Titus, Philemon and the Hebrews; and in Latin, the Andrian and “ Neantontimorenmenos” of Terence.

The third class has given its attention to part of the Edipus Tyrannus of Sophocles, and to the Epistle to the Romans, with the first Epistle of Peter, in Greek, and the Satires of Juvenal, from the 10th to the 14th inclusive, in Latin. The junior class has studied, in Greek, a portion of Xenophon's Anabasis, and of John's Gospel; and in Latin, the 2nd book of Virgil's Eneid,

In mathematics the senior class has studied the whole of the 11th book of Euclid ; the 2nd class from the 13th problem in the 3d book to the end, and the whole of the fourth book ; and the 3rd class 17 problems in the 1st book. In mental philosophy Brown has been used as a class book for the senior class, and they have studied his theories of simple and relative suggestion, and other subjects connected with them, and essays have been written and submitted to critical examination on the subjects that have come under review. The junior class has read Jamieson's Grammar of Logic, and part of Blair's Lectures. Church history has also occupied their attention. Using Mosheim as a class book, they have studied the history of the reformed and Armenian churches, and of other denominations, during the 17th and the former part of the 18th centuries. Attention has also been paid by some of the students to Algebra, and by all of them to natural philosophy.

To all these branches, excepting church history, natural philosophy, and Algebra, which were omitted for want of time, the examination has to a greater or less extent been directed, and no one who is acquainted with the usual curriculum of our academical institutions, can fail to appreciate very highly the progresss of the students in the several departments of their collegiate course. To specify any part of the examinations as peculiarly satisfactory, would be invidious, and on this occasion unnecessary. The general result is one which it affords the Committee the greatest pleasure to attest, both as it regards the care and attention of their respected tutors, and the diligence and labours of the students themselves. Signed, B. B. Haigh. J. MUNRO, A.M. Jas. PRIDIE.

J. G. MIALL. JOSEPH STRINGER. The next Session will commence with 20 students.

CONGREGATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE COUNTY OF SUSSEX. The seventeenth anniversary of this Congregational Society for Ilome Missions, was held in Brighton, on Tuesday and Wednesday, Sept. 22d and 23d.

On Tuesday evening there was a public service at the Tabernacle, West Street, (Rev. H. Heap's,) when the Rev. W. Davis, of Hastings, commenced the service by reading the Scriptures and prayer, and the Rev. Dr. Leifchild preached a useful and impressive sermon from Heb. vi. 11, 12,

Wednesday morning was occupied in the private deliberations of the brethren, and in the evening a public meeting was held at the Old Ship Rooms, when J. B. Brown, Esq. LL.D. of Worthing, took the chair. The Rev. James Edwards, of Brighton, read the report, and resolutions were submitted to the meeting by the Rev. Drs. Burder and Matheson, and the Rev. Messrs. Blackburn and Wells of London, Benson of Chichester, &c.

The attendance, both at the sermon and the public meeting, was greater than on preceding anniversaries; and it is hoped that the result of the deliberations will be seen in the revival of our denominational interests in the county of Sussex, which, at the present time, it must be confessed, greatly need the syinpathy and co-operation of more prosperous churches.

NEW INDEPENDENT CHAPEL, BURLEY, WHARFDALE, YORKSHIRE.

On Wednesday, July 29th, a new Independent Chapel was opened at the above place, when the Rev. James Pridie, of Halifax, preached in ihe morning; and the Rev. John Ely, of Leeds, in the evening. The Rev. John Cooke, of Gomersall, the Rev. Richard Gibbs, of Skipton, and Mr. Richards, of Airedale College, took part in the devotional exercises.

On Lord's day, August 2nd, the Rev. J. S. Hastie, of Otley, preached; the Rev. Peter Scott, of Shipley, in the afternoon; and in the evening, the Rev. J. G. Miall, of Bradford. All the services were well attended. The total amount of collections, exclusive of £66 previously received as donations, was £338 17s., a fine illustration of the efficiency of the voluntary principle. The Chapel, which is built in the pointed Gothic style, will accommodate 400 people, and has attached to it a school, built in the Tudor style; also a large enclosure for a burial ground, the whole being estimated at £1500. The land is the gift of John Peele Clapham, Esquire, who has taken a lively interest in the cause of Christ in this neighbourhood. The whole will speedily be conveyed into the hands of trustees, representatives of the neighbouring congregations, for the sole use and benefit of the Independent church and congregation worshipping in the above chapel, and now designated Salem Chapel. Independency was first introduced at Burley about a year since; subsequently a charch has been formed, consisting of between 40 and 50 members. Altogether the spiritual prospects are pleasing.

ORDINATIONS, REMOVALS, &c. On Thursday, 27th August, the Rev. J. B. Law was ordained to the pastoral charge of the Independent congregation at Writtle, Essex. The Rev. J. Gray of Chelmsford delivered the introductory discourse, in which, with clearness and perspicuity of arrangement, he described the nature of a gospel church. The questions were psoposed by the Rev. J. E. Good of Gosport, and accompanied with many impressive observations. The Rev. C. Chapman of Greenwich offered up the ordination prayer, and the Rev. Alexander Fletcher of London delivered an affectionate and eloquent charge. The following gentle men assisted in the services of the day-Rev. Messrs. Pilkington of Rayleigh, Thornton of Billericay, Craig of Bocking, Trew of Dedham, Beddow of Grampound, Marks of Chelmsford, Temple of Rochford, Wardle of Chigwell, Hayter of Ingatestone.

After the service, a large party of the members and friends of the congregation dined at the Crown Tavern, the Rev. Alexander Fletcher in the chair. During the afternoon the party was addressed by several of the ministers present; and in the evening a most impressive and appropriate sermon was preached to the people by the Rev. T. Craig of Bocking:

On Wednesday, Sept. 9, Mr. E. Morris was ordained to the pastoral office over the Independent church, Stretford, Lancashire. The Rev. R. Halley, D.D. Manchester, delivered the introductory discourse, and proposed the usual questions; the Rev. G. Rogers, Harmer Hill, Shropshire, offered the ordination prayer, with imposition of hands; the Rev. J. Gwyther, Hulme, gave the charge io the pastor. In the evening, the Rev. R. Fletcher, Manchester, preached to the people; the Rev. Dr. Clunie, Salford ; J. Bramal, Patricroft; J. Anyon, Pendlebury; and J. Spencer, Ashton, assisted in the devotional parts of the exercises.

The chapel was well filled during the whole of the services, which were of a peculiarly interesting and solemn character, and it is hoped that the holy excitement produced in the minds of all present, will lead to more devoted and energetic efforts for the promotion of the cause of the Redeemer.

The Rev. Edward Leighton has resigned his charge at Ovenden, near Halifax, to become an Agent of the Home Missionary Society, and is appointed to a station at the important town of Loughborough, where a congregational interest is likely to be rescued from extinction by the united efforts of the Leicestershire Association and the Home Missionary Society.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND MINOR CORRESPONDENCE.

Favours have been received from Rev. Drs. Henderson and W. Smith. Rev. Messrs. J. B. Law-G, Bond-G. Pillgrim-J. Mather-D. E. FordJ. S. Bright-J. Hunt-Thomas Coleman -J. Ketley - Thos. Milner - Thos. Lewis - J. Curwen-Thomas Atkin-Edward Morris -Ed. Leighton,

Also, from W. Stroud, Esq. M.D.-Messrs. J. Soul-J. Wontner Hull Terrell -Aliquis.

The Editor regrets to postpone the insertion of some valuable Critical Notices, but the extent of interesting intelligence transmitted to him has compelled him to omit them.

THE CONGREGATIONAL MAGAZINE.

NOVEMBER, 1840.

ON THE DUTY, PRIVILEGE, AND RESPONSIBILITY OF

CHURCHES IN THE CHOICE OF THEIR PASTORS,*

BEING

The Seventh Address of the Annual Assembly of the Congregational Union of

England and Wales, held at the Congregational Library, London, May 12th, 1840, to the Ministers und Churches of the same Faith and Order throughout the Empire.

BELOVED BRETHREN, by the appointment of the last Assembly we address you on a topic which cannot be otherwise regarded than as highly seasonable, viz. “ the duty, privilege, and responsibility of our churches in the choice of their pastors, and the spirit in which this most important transaction should be conducted.” May He who teaches to profit, guide us to statements and suggestions adapted to promote your edification and his glory.

So comprehensive is the subject to which we are affectionately to invite your attention, that we must waive all preliminary observations, and enter at once on the consideration of its separate parts. We have determined, in affectionately addressing to you the word of faithful exhortation on a subject so vital to your prosperity, to direct your thoughts—to the duty of seeking to obtain personal edification and comfort by securing for yourselves pastoral instruction and oversight-to the privilege which, in exercising the power of electing your pastors, you enjoy-to the solemn responsibilities which are inseparable from this privilege-and, finally, to the wisdom and prudence, and pre-eminently, the meekness and gentleness of Christ, which its exercise demands. Upon some of these points,

* This valuable letter would have appeared at an earlier period but for circumstances not under the controul of the Editor. N.S. Vol. IV.-Vol. XXIII.

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which might seem to require to be sustained by argument, we should not even touch, did nut, as we conceive, the position in which an increasing number of our churches is placed, appear to require it. Our great object is practical, and upon practical points we shall chiefly dwell.

I. Suffer us then, beloved brethren, first to remind you of your obligation to secure for yourselves pastoral instruction and oversight. We would call you to remember that the office of pastor is of divine appointment, for when the Saviour ascended up on high he gave some pastors and teachers; and that the office is of permanent authority is evident from the fact that Paul and Barnabas ordained elders in every church, and that reference is made in the epistles to the bishops or pastors and deacons ministering in the churches to which these epistles were sent. Further, we wish you to notice that the nork to which bishops or pastors were especially appointed is clearly described. They are to “ preach the word ;" " to feed the flock of God;" to “ take care of the house of God;" to train up holy men for the work of the ministry, &c. Such, brethren, is the work, and such the agency which the Lord of the church appointed to accomplish it. Are we, brethren, at liberty to substitute different agency? Does it become us to think that we can improve upon the institutions of Infinite Wisdom? Shall we not best promote God's ends, by God's means? We should conjure you, beloved brethren, not to renounce or undervalue an office which the Lord of all has instituted, even though we could see no reason for the institution. But there is an obvious reason. It is most manifest that christian teachers cannot in general secure time so to search the Scriptures as to bring out of their treasures things new and old, without entire separation to the work. We are not called upon to deny that in some churches gifted brethren may exist, men of mind and of leisure, who are able to speak to edification and comfort; but all experience forbids us to hope that this can be a general case. So that if your edification be not provided for by the election of pastors, it will be vain to expect the means of much progress in knowledge and holiness: and when gifted brethren do exist in a church, there is nothing in our system to deprive its members of any benefit which it is possible to derive from them. Under some such regulations as those which are suggested in “ Jethro,” one of our prize essays on Lay Agency, all the gifts of the body might find a profitable field for their exercise. We would exclude you, brethren, from no means of spiritual improvement which the Head of the church may have really put within your reach. But we are somewhat anxious to press the sentiment upon you, that pastoral teaching and oversight are in all cases the best and most certain, and in various cases, the ONLY mode of providing for the edification of the body.

II. We proceed to remind you, beloved brethren, that in the power you possess and exercise of choosing your pastors you enjoy a most important privilege. Were it our present object to establish yonr right to elect your own pastors, it would be easy to prove that it is essential to you, as voluntary societies, on whom, of course, no member, far less a pastor, can be intruded- that without it, you

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