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22861

COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE

JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan, Chairman
JAMES H. SCHEUER, New York

NORMAN F. LENT, New York
HENRY A. WAXMAN, California

EDWARD R. MADIGAN, Illinois
TIMOTHY E. WIRTH, Colorado

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California
PHILIP R. SHARP, Indiana

MATTHEW J. RINALDO, New Jersey
JAMES J. FLORIO, New Jersey

WILLIAM E. DANNEMEYER, California
EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts

BOB WHITTAKER, Kansas
THOMAS A. LUKEN, Ohio

THOMAS J. TAUKE, Iowa
DOUG WALGREN, Pennsylvania

DON RITTER, Pennsylvania
BARBARA A. MIKULSKI, Maryland

DAN COATS, Indiana
AL SWIFT, Washington

THOMAS J. BLILEY, JR., Virginia
MICKEY LELAND, Texas

JACK FIELDS, Texas
RICHARD C. SHELBY, Alabama

MICHAEL G. OXLEY, Ohio
CARDISS COLLINS, Illinois

HOWARD C. NIELSON, Utah
MIKE SYNAR, Oklahoma

MICHAEL BILIRAKIS, Florida
W.J. "BILLY" TAUZIN, Louisiana

DAN SCHAEFER, Colorado
RON WYDEN, Oregon

FRED J. ECKERT, New York
RALPH M. HALL, Texas

TRENT LOTT, Mississippi
DENNIS E. ECKART, Ohio
WAYNE DOWDY, Mississippi
BILL RICHARDSON, New Mexico
JIM SLATTERY, Kansas
GERRY SIKORSKI, Minnesota
JOHN BRYANT, Texas
JIM BATES, California

WM. MICHAEL KITZMILLER, Staff Director

THOMAS M. RYAN, Chief Counsel
LINDA G. STUNTZ, Minority Counsel

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EDWARD J. MARKEY, Massachusetts, Chairman
AL SWIFT, Washington

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California
JOHN BRYANT, Texas

MICHAEL G. OXLEY, Ohio
MICKEY LELAND, Texas

HOWARD C. NIELSON, Utah
RICHARD C. SHELBY, Alabama

MICHAEL BILIRAKIS, Florida
RON WYDEN, Oregon

FRED J. ECKERT, New York
RALPH M. HALL, Texas

NORMAN F. LENT, New York
DENNIS E. ECKART, Ohio

(Ex Officio)
GERRY SIKORSKI, Minnesota
JOHN D. DINGELL, Michigan
(Ex Officio)

LAWRENCE SIDMAN, Chief Counsel/Staff Director

LINDA M. CORREIA, Special Assistant
PHILLIP A. GREENBERG, Senior Policy Analyst
JESSICA LAVERTY, Associate Minority Counsel

(II)

87-601900

CONTENTS

Testimony of:

Alexander, Lawrence R., chairman, Joint Committee on Energy, Com-

monwealth of Massachusetts....

Atkins, Hon. Chester G., a Representative in Congress from the State of

Massachusetts.

Backus, Robert A., on behalf of Seacoast Anti-Pollution League

Brown, Edward A., president, New Hampshire Yankee Division, Public

Service of New Hampshire

Comley, Stephen, director, Because We Care About Rowley and You

Costello, Nicholas J., Chairman, Senate Energy Committee, Common-

wealth of Massachusetts ....

Dukakis, Hon. Michael S., Governor, Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Fallon, Mimi, Sun Valley Association.....

Hildt, Barbara, Representative, Commonwealth of Massachusetts....

Hollingworth, Beverly, Representative, State of New Hampshire

Krasker, Elaine, Representative, State of New Hampshire......

Lord, William S., selectman, Amesbury, MA...

MacDonald, David, civil defense director, Rye, NH

McEachern, Paul, counsel, Hampton, NH..

Mavroules, Hon. Nicholas, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Massachusetts

Mitchell, Sandra Fowler, civil defense director, Kensington, NH.

Mohl, Bruce E., deputy attorney general, State of New Hampshire.

Moughan, Thomas F., director, Citizens Within the Ten Mile Radius

Moyer, Herbert S., on behalf of The League of Towns

Noonan, Vincent S., Project Director, Seabrook Project, Nuclear Regula-

tory Commission

Palumbo, Thomas G., Representative, Commonwealth of Massachusetts .

Perry, Spence W., General Counsel, Federal Emergency Management

Agency

Pollard, Sharon, Secretary of Energy, Commonwealth of Massachusetts....

Shadis, Raymond G., New England Coalition on Nuclear Pollution.......

Shimshak, Rachel, energy advocate, Massachusetts Public Interest Re-

search Group

Smith, Hon. Robert C., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New Hampshire.

Vollmer, Richard, Deputy Director for Nuclear Reactor Regulation, Nu-

clear Regulatory Commission.........

Wingo, Craig S., Chief, Field Operations Branch, Federal Emergency

Management Agency

Material submitted for the record by:

Costello, Nicholas J.: Massachusetts State senator, letter, November 20,

1986.
Dukakis, Gov. Michael S.:

Letter to Governor Dukakis from Members of Congress representing

the State of Massachusetts .....
Responses to subcommittee questions
Statement regarding Seabrook Nuclear Power Station, September 20,

1986.........

Energy Conservation and Power Subcommittee:

Memorandum from David Ward, Chairman, Advisory Committee on

Reactor Safeguards, NRC, to Lando W. Zech, Jr., Chairman, NRC,

dated October 15, 1986.

Miscellaneous correspondence to Chairman Markey

640

103
116

86

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503

5

252

188

148

Material submitted for the record by-Continued
Energy Conservation and Power Subcommittee-Continued
Public Service of New Hampshire: Correspondence and responses to

subcommittee questions.....

Staff memorandum and chronology of meetings.....
Federal Emergency Management Agency: Correspondence and responses

to subcommittee questions...
Kennedy, Hon. Edward M., a U.S. Senator from the State of Massachu-

setts, statement...
Kerry, Hon. John, a U.S. Senator from the State of Massachusetts, state-

ment...
Kunin, Madeleine M., Governor, State of Vermont, letter, November 24,

1986.
Lord, William S., selectman, Amesbury, MA:

Letter to Gov. Michael S. Dukakis from Office of the Mayor, city of

Newburyport, dated March 10, 1986..

Newspaper articles ......
Massachusetts Public Interest Research Group: Survey dated September

1986.
Nuclear Regulatory Commission: Correspondence and responses to sub-

committee questions.....
Speck, Samuel, former associate director for State and Local Programs

and Support, FEMA, affidavit..
Sununu, Gov. John H., of New Hampshire: Correspondence with Chair-

man Markey concerning questions submitted and answers to the ques-
tions......

646

606 609

578

310

146

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EMERGENCY PLANNING AT SEABROOK

NUCLEAR POWERPLANT

TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1986

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND COMMERCE,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON ENERGY CONSERVATION AND POWER,

Amesbury, MA The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m. at the Amesbury High School, Amesbury, MA, Hon. Edward J. Markey, chairman, presiding.

Mr. MARKEY. Today's hearing of the House Subcommittee on Energy Conservation and Power on the Seabrook nuclear power plant will now come to order.

I want to emphasize at the outset that I intend to conduct this hearing with the complete decorum that routinely characterizes Congressional hearings. I understand that passions on both sides of the issue run high. Nevertheless, whether you agree or disagree with the remarks of any particular speaker, I ask your cooperation in refraining from applause or derision. As Chairman of the subcommittee, with special institutional responsibilities, I cannot and will not tolerate outbursts of any kind. Nobody's interests are served by disruptions to this hearing.

Before proceeding with the business of today's hearing, let me take a brief moment to eliminate any confusion about the focus of our hearing that might have arisen as a result of yesterday's press conference held by Public Service of New Hampshire. This hearing does not deal with the potential safety implications of alleged rampant drug and alcohol abuse at Seabrook. That very serious topic will be dealt with at the conclusion of the subcommittee's continuing investigation of that matter.

For today, I simply want to tell you that the subcommittee did not initiate the drug and alcohol investigation on its own. It did so in response to the pleas of a significant number of former plant workers and medical professionals in the Seabrook vicinity, who informed the subcommittee that drug and alcohol use during the construction of the plant was so pervasive that it must have had an adverse impact on construction quality, and, therefore, ultimately on safety.

Quite frankly, these witnesses did not trust either the utility who they feared would intimidate and harass them, or the NRC, to undertake this investigation.

(1)

As Chairman of the subcommittee with jurisdiction over all matters affecting nuclear energy, I would have been derelict in my obligations had I not undertaken an investigation of their allegations.

Until yesterday, Public Service of New Hampshire had been stonewalling. They had not made available any records sought by the subcommittee. They had prevented a key witness from being interviewed by the subcommittee. They had refused to even speak directly with the subcommittee staff, instead channeling all calls through legal counsel.

Yesterday marked the first glimmer of utility responsiveness to the subcommittee investigation. The timing and the manner of the utility's response, however, raise more questions than they answer. Although Public Service of New Hampshire unveiled a lot of favorable statistics, it sill has not provided the subcommittee access to the underlying records or to the records which the subcommittee understands exist which allegedly point in a very different direction. Statistics can tell a complete story, many stories, or almost any story you would like them to tell. The data released by the utility yesterday is not consistent with the evidence in the possession of the subcommittee.

Yesterday's utility press conference did not spell the end of the subcommittee's investigation but rather marked the beginning of the utility's cooperation in that investigation. The subcommittee's investigation will continue in a thorough, professional and deliberate fashion until I believe that reasonable conclusions and recommendations can be made.

My immediate concern is that yesterday's public relations ploy by Public Service of New Hampshire not divert people's attention from the extremely important subject of emergency planning, which is the focus of today's hearing. Resolution of the emergency planning issues to be discussed today will have a direct bearing on when and whether the Nuclear Regulatory Commission grants a full power operating license for Seabrook.

The purpose of today's hearing is to explore some of the serious Sissues related to emergency planning at the Seabrook nuclear power plant. The catastrophic reactor accident at Chernobyl has left all of us with no doubt that nuclear accidents can happen. The threat of an accident requires that regulatory authorities consider what actions must be taken to protect the public. The issues before us are not only questions of fact and judgment, but more importantly the integrity of the regulatory process by which such questions must be evaluated and decisions reached.

The subcommittee has conducted an investigation into how critical issues related to emergency planning at Seabrook have been addressed by the utility, Federal regulatory authorities, and State and local governments.

Although our investigation is not complete, what we have learned to date has been disturbing. We have uncovered a concerted effort by the utility, Public Service of New Hampshire, the Governor of New Hampshire, and the Staff of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to expedite the licensing process for Seabrook, even if that means excluding the legitimate interests and participation of the citizens of Massachusetts. Let me be specific.

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