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And unknown regions dare descry:
Gay hope is theirs by fancy fed,
The sunshine of the breast:
And lively cheer, of vigour born;
"The senator at cricket urge the ball."
Pope. Dun. iv. 592. V. 37. This line is taken from Cowley. Pindarique Ode to Hobbes, iv. 7. p. 223: "Till unknown regions it descries."
V. 40. "Magnaque post lachrymas etiamnum gaudia pallent." Stat. Theb. i. 620. For other expressions of this nature, see Wakefield's note. Add Sil. Ital. xvi. 432, "lætoque pavore." Luke.
V. 44. "Eternal sunshine of the spotless mind." Pope. Eloisa, ver. 209. Add Essay on Man, iv. 167, "The soul's calm sunshine."
V. 47. "In either cheeke depeyncten lively cheere," Spenser. Hobbinol's Dittie, ver. 33. W. See Milton. Ps. lxxxiv. 5. "With joy and gladsome cheer." Luke.
V. 49. The temperate sleeps, and spirits light as air." Pope. Im. of Horace, I. 73; Hor. Od. ii. xi. 7. " facilemque somnum: " and Par. L. v. 3:
Alas! regardless of their doom,
The little victims play ;
No sense have they of ills to come,
Yet see, how all around 'em wait
The vultures of the mind,
Disdainful Anger, pallid Fear,
And Shame that sculks behind;
Or pining Love shall waste their youth,
V. 51. "E'en now, regardless of his doom,
Applauding honour haunts his tomb."
Collins. Ode on the Death of Col. Ross, 4th stanza of his first manuscript.
V. 55. These two lines resemble two in Broome. Ode on Melancholy, p. 28:
"While round, stern ministers of fate,
Pain, and Disease, and Sorrow wait."
And Otway. Alcib. act v. sc. 2. p. 84: "Then enter, ye grim ministers of fate."
V. 61. "The fury Passions from that flood began." See Pope. Essay on Man, iii. 167.
V. 63. " Exsanguisque Metus," Stat. Theb. vii. 49. And from him Milton, Quint. Novemb. 148: "Exsanguisque Horror." Pers. Sat. iii. v. 115, "Timor albus."
V. 66. "But gnawing Jealousy out of their sight,
Spenser. F. Q. vi. 23.
That inly gnaws the secret heart; And Envy wan, and faded Care, Grim-visag'd comfortless Despair, And Sorrow's piercing dart.
Ambition this shall tempt to rise,
And grinning Infamy.
The stings of Falsehood those shall try,
That mocks the tear it forc'd to flow;
Amid severest woe.
Lo! in the vale of years beneath
V. 68. "With praise enough for Envy to look wan.” Milton. Son. to Lawes, xiii. 6. W. Par. L. i. 601, "Care sate on his faded cheek." Luke.
V. 69. Gray has here imitated Shakespeare. Richard III. act i. sc. 1: "Grim-visag'd War," and Com. of Err. act v. sc. 1: "A moody and dull melancholy kinsman to grim and comfortless Despair." Yarrington (Two Trag. in one) "Grimvisag'd Despair.' Todd.
V. 76. "Affected Kindness with an alter'd face," Dryden. Hind. and Panth. part iii.
V. 79. "Madness laughing in his ireful mood," Dryden. Pal. and Arc. (b. ii. p. 43. ed. Aik.) Gray. And so K. Hen. VI. p. 1. act iv. sc. 2: "But rather moody mad.” And act iii. sc. 1: " Moody fury." Chaucer. Knyghte's Tale, 1152.
V. 81. "Declin'd into the vale of years," Othello, act iii. sc. 3. Compare also Virg. Æn. vi. 275.
The painful family of Death,
More hideous than their queen:
This racks the joints, this fires the veins,
Those in the deeper vitals rage:
Lo! Poverty, to fill the band,
That numbs the soul with icy hand,
And slow-consuming Age.
To each his suff'rings: all are men,
The tender for another's pain,
Th' unfeeling for his own.
Yet, ah! why should they know their fate,
V. 83. "Hate, Fear, and Grief, the family of Pain," Pope. Essay on Man, ii. 118. Dryden, State of Innoc. act v. sc. 1: "With all the numerous family of Death." Claudian uses
language not dissimilar: Cons. Honor. vi. 323: "Inferno stridentes agmine Morbi." And Juv. Sat. x. 218: "Circumsedit agmine facto Morborum omne genus." Hor. Od. 1. iii. 30,
"Nova febrium terris incubuit cohors."
V. 84. See T. Warton's Milt. p. 432, 434, 511.
V. 90. "His slow-consuming fires."
Shenstone. Love and
V. 95. We meet with the same thought in Milton. Com. ver.
"Peace, brother; be not over-exquisite
To cast the fashion of uncertain evils;
For grant they be so, while they rest unknown, What need a man forestall his date of grief?" W. V. 98. Soph. Ajax, v. 555: Εν τῷ Φρονεῖν γαρ μηδεν, ndioτos Bios. W. See Kidd's note to Hor. Ep. xi. 2. 140. V. 99. See Prior, (Ep. to Hon. C. Montague, st. ix.) "From ignorance our comfort flows,
The only wretched are the wise.". - Luke.
Add Davenant. Just Italian, p. 32, "Since knowledge is but
Since sorrow never comes too late,
[This Ode, suggested by Dionysius' Ode to Nemesis. v. Aratus. ed. Oxford, p. 51, translated by S. Meyrick, in Bell's Fug. Poetry, vol. xviii. p. 161.]
DAUGHTER of Jove, relentless power,
sorrow's spy, it is not safe to know." And Dodsley. Old Plays, xi. p. 119:
-"Ignorance is safe;
I then slept happily; if knowledge mend me not,
To wake me into judgment.'
*This Hymn first appeared in Dodsley. Col. vol. iv. together with the "Elegy in a Country Churchyard; " and not, as Mason says, with the three foregoing Odes, which were published in the second volume. In Mason's edition it is called an Ode; but the title is now restored, as it was given by the author. The motto from Eschylus is not in Dodsley.
V. 1. "ATη, who may be called the goddess of Adversity, is