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THE ALLIANCE OF
EDUCATION AND GOVERNMENT.
[See Mason's Memoirs, vol. iii. p. 99; and Musæ Etonenses, vol. ii. p. 152.]
Πόταγ ̓, ὦ 'γαθέ· τὰν γὰρ ἀοιδὰν
Οὔτι πα εἰς Αΐδαν γε τὸν ἐκλελάθοντα φυλαξεῖς.
Theocritus, Id. I. 63.
As sickly plants betray a niggard earth,
Var. V. 2. Barren] Flinty. MS.
In a note to his Roman history, Gibbon says: "Instead of compiling tables of chronology and natural history, why did not Mr. Gray apply the powers of his genius to finish the philosophic poem of which he has left such an exquisite specimen?" Vol. iii. p. 248. 4to. - Would it not have been more philosophical in Gibbon to have lamented the situation in which Gray was placed; which was not only not favourable to the cultivation of poetry, but which naturally directed his thoughts to those learned inquiries, that formed the amusement or business of all around him?
So draw mankind in vain the vital airs,
And scatter with a free, though frugal hand,
To check their tender hopes with chilling fear, 20 And blast the blooming promise of the year.
This spacious animated scene survey,
From where the rolling orb, that gives the day,
Var. V. 19. But tyranny has] Gloomy sway have. MS.
V. 9. "Vitales auras carpis," Virg. Æn. i. 387. Luke. V. 14. "And lavish nature laughs and throws her stores around," Dryden. Virgil, vii. 76. Luke.
V. 21. "Destroy the promise of the youthful year.”
Pope. Vert. and Pomona, 108. Luke.
V. 36. "On mutual wants, build mutual happiness."
Pope. Ep. iii. 112.
V. 47. "Bellica nubes," Claudiani Laus Seren. 196. Luke. V. 48. So Claudian calls it, Bell. Getico, 641. "Cimbrica
With sense to feel, with memory to retain,
Say then, through ages by what fate confin'd
As oft have issued, host impelling host,
tempestas." Pope. Hom. Od. 5, 303, " And next a wedge to
"Hence many a people, fierce with freedom, rush'd
To Libyan deserts, swarm protruding swarm.”
And Winter, 840:
"Drove martial horde on horde, with dreadful sweep Resistless rushing o'er the enfeebled South." V. 51. So Pope. Dunciad, iii. 89:
"The North by myriads pours her mighty sons."
The prostrate south to the destroyer yields
Th' encroaching tide that drowns her lessening lands
And sees far off, with an indignant groan,
Her native plains, and empires once her own?
To string our nerves and steel our hearts to war
Var. V. 55. Heav'ns] Skies. MS.
"The fair complexion of the blue-eyed warriors of Germany formed a singular contrast with the swarthy or olive hue, which is derived from the neighbourhood of the torrid zone." Gibbon. Rom. Hist. iii. 337. Ausonius gives them this distinguished feature: "Oculos cœrula, flava comas," De Bissula. 17. p. 341. ed. Tollii. "Cœrula quis stupuit Germani lumina," Juv. Sat. xiii. 164.
V. 54. "Mirantur nemora et rorantes Sole racemos." Statius. v. Plin. Nat. H. 1. xiii. c. ii. 1.
V. 56. Milton. Arcades. 32, "And ye, ye breathing roses of the wood." Luke.
Unmanly thought! what seasons can control, What fancied zone can circumscribe the soul, Who, conscious of the source from whence she springs,
By reason's light, on resolution's wings,
Spite of her frail companion, dauntless goes
Suspends th' inferior laws that rule our clay: 80
Not but the human fabric from the birth Imbibes a flavour of its parent earth: As various tracts enforce a various toil, The manners speak the idiom of their soil. An iron-race the mountain-cliffs maintain, Foes to the gentler genius of the plain: For where unwearied sinews must be found With side-long plough to quell the flinty ground, To turn the torrent's swift-descending flood,
V. 57. Claudian, in his poem De Bello Getico, ver. 504, makes the Gothic warriors mention the vines of Italy: "Quid palmitis uber Etrusci," &c. "Et dulces rapuit de collibus uvas," Statii Silv. ii.; and "Carpite de plenis pendentes vitibus uvas," Ovid. Am. i. x. 55. "Pendet vindemia," Virg. Georg. ii. 89.
V. 66. And as these mighty tapers disappear,
When day's bright lord ascends our hemisphere."
V. 91. "And side-long lays the glebe."
Thomson. Spring. Luke,