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in the second place, each of these distinct applications has a double commencement and double termination. In this order, then, and under these two divisions, I propose to consider the prophecy regarding this Fifth Period; commencing with its application to the kingdom of Israel.
First Application (Kingdom of Israel).
FROM THE FINAL DESTRUCTION OF THE KINGDOM
OF ISRAEL TO ITS RESTORATION:
FROM B. C. 727 TO A.D. 1793, AND
The present condition of the Jews-Their distinctive character as a separate people-The Ten Tribes-Profane, sacred, and prophetic history-Israel's restoration-Prophecy a sure word-Predicted Jewish valour-The symbolical Babylon-The certain accomplishment of prophecy-The whole nation to be restored miraculously and permanently-Their cities to be rebuilt-The prophetical term seven times"-Sacred calendar of prophecy-First season-second-third-The Assyrians -Tiglath-Pileser-Shalmaneser-Esarhaddon-Sennacherib's invasion of Judah-Tabular view of eventsThe French Revolution-The sixth seal and first five vials-Infidelity-Lewis XVI.-Joseph II.-Bonaparte -His blasphemy similar to that of Sennacherib-Fourth reason-The present infidelity of France--The increase of Popery-The wasting away of Turkey-Russia-Religious societies-Interest felt on behalf of the Jews— General indifference of the present time-The contents of the sixth vial-Daniel's king of the North-Three unclean spirits-Present revolutionary spirit-Armageddon-Description of the great plain of MegiddoValue of the study of prophecy-Sealed number of the church-Fifth reason-Nebuchadnezzar's great imageDestruction of the present kingdoms-Last great epoch.
"If ye will not hearken unto me, and will not do all these commandments; And if ye shall despise my statutes, or if your soul abhor my judgments, so that ye will not do all my commandments, but that ye break my covenant: I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. And I will set my face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you. And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins. And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass: And your strength shall be spent in vain: for your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruits. And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you, according to your sins. I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your highways shall be desolate. And if ye will not be reformed by me by those things, but will walk contrary unto me; Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins. And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant: and, when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy. And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied. And if ye will not for all this hearken unto me, but walk contrary unto me; Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.... And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours. And I will bring the land into desolation; and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at it. And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you; and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste.... If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against me, and that also they have walked contrary unto me; And that I also have walked contrary unto them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity; Then will I remember my covenant with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, and also my covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land.... And yet for all that, when they be in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away, neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break my covenant with them: for I am the Lord their God. But I will for their sakes remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the heathen, that I might be their God: I am the Lord."-LEV. xxvi. 14-28, 31-33, 40-42, 44, 45. See also Dan. iv. 16, 23, 25, 32.
It is a matter that admits not of any dispute, whether or not these dreadful threatenings, and others of a similar import, have been fulfilled, and that to the very letter! The clear voice of authentic history, which first began to be a narrative of veritable facts about the time of Israel's final destruction; as also that ocular proof, which there is scarce an individual in the world but what possesses, by the dispersion of the Jews; places the truth of this not only beyond the possibility of doubt, but forces it on the attention of the most careless and the most profane. The answer to the question,-Who are the Jews, and how came they into their present condition ?-cannot be answered otherwise than by an appeal to the Bible; those Scriptures which that people carry with them. as the records of Heaven wherever they go; as witnesses against themselves-against their infidelity and unbelief-against their sinful and awful rejection of Him who, as He was set for
the fall, so also for the rising again of many in Israel.
In a very early period of their history, the following prophecy was uttered respecting them: "Lo! the people shall dwell ALONE, and shall not be numbered among the nations" (Numb. xxiii. 9). Since the time of their first captivity under the Assyrians, the most determined efforts have been successively made to exterminate them from the earth. Nebuchadnezzar, Antiochus, Titus, Adrian, and many of the modern nations of Europe, have done their utmost to extinguish, not merely their political existence, but even the separate being of the people. Nevertheless, vain has been every human effort; for the word that God hath spoken must stand; and the Jews remain as much a distinct people as they were when this prophecy was uttered, above three thousand years ago. They still dwell alone, " unnumbered among the nations," although in a scattered state. "Still refusing to mingle their blood with any other race of mankind, they dwell in their distinct families and communities, and still maintain, though sometimes long and utterly unconnected with each other, the principle of national unity. Jews in the indelible features of the countenance, in mental character, in customs, usages, and laws; in language and literature; and, above all, in religion, in the recollections