scription. In 1803 he was appointed vice- of those days as delightful, but the opera registrar of the Admiralty Court at Bermu- itself as being neither new nor interesting. da; but what signified the fine climate and It was said to be the production of a “ Mr. the majestic rocks, the storms and calms of Moore, an Irish gentleman, who had publishsuch a region as the Bermudas, to one who ed some sonnets and songs,” the “ spirit of liked much better “the sweet shady side of which transcends Ovid as to excitement, and Pall Mall ?” Moore foolishly confided the even the Basia Secundi as to the force of duties of his office to another, who, acting as descriptive expression.” Thus it would seem his deputy, become a defaulter, and he was that the translation of Anacreon had been obliged to make good the loss, suffering great already forgotten, and that the fame of the pecuniary inconvenience in consequence. He poet depended wholly on what he had writwent from the Bermudas to the United ten subsequently. In the following year States; but it is not probable that the man- (1812) he surprised the world with the " Inners of the American people, in a much tercepted Letters, or the Twopenny Postearlier period of their republic than the pre- bag. These met universal applause, and sent, would be seen by one like him in a bet- speedily ran through thirteen editions.

The ter point of view than the social life of Ber- satire was playful, pungent, polished, and muda. He remained at New York only a while insinuating everything intended, said few days; and visiting several of the other nothing rude or vulgar to shock the ears of principal places of the Union, then very in- fastidious fashion. ferior in all respects to what they have be- The next work of Moore was of a higher come since, he returned to England in 1804. character-the “ Irish Melodies," written at His impressions upon this visit are found in Mayfield or Mathfield in Staffordshire. These his “Odes and Epistles," published about two are too well appreciated by all who feel the years afterwards. These were, as might be charms of music and song, and, above all, expected, not very favorable to the American by the poet's countrymen, to need criticism. character

. The poet had no doubt drawn in He was perhaps the only poet among all his idea a picture far too flattering of the social contemporaries who understood music, and state of America.

He had thought of was able to set bis own songs. He had ancient republics realized in the new world; therefore peculiar advantages for undertakof primitive simplicity of manners in a ing such a work, although the present airs modern Arcadia ; and of a species of “golden were arranged by Sir John Stevenson. Moore age,” where freedom and Grecian high-mind was not only a composer, but played and edness were associated with modern comfort. sung with great taste, and his voice was re

Soon after his return he published his markably soft and pleasing. He translated two poems entitled “ Corruption” and “In- at this time a portion of Sallust for Murphy, tolerance.” The former was a political satire, and edited the work soon after the death of in which he boasted that he leaned to neither that author. The Skeptic," an odd theme of the two great state parties, both having for the erratic muse of Moore, and a perbeen alike unjust to his country. The lines formance not very edifying either in its upon Intolerance were intended as part of a ethics or rhyme, was next published. series of essays which he never continued be- “Lalla Rookh," an Oriental romance, apyond them. In 1808 he published poems peared in 1817. For this poem Moore reby Thomas Little, Esq., unhappily of a very ceived three thousand guineas. It was read exceptionable character. He subsequently universally, and translated into several Euroexpressed his regret that he had sent this pean languages. Though an Eastern tale, volume into the world—the merit of which, it has none of the verisimilitude of “ Vathek" as poetry, in no way redeemed the immorality. as respects Eastern manners and objects. It Smoothly written, however, elegantly pointed, is in this respect for the most part wholly and artificially, not naturally passionate, it poetical, and is indebted to the richness of fitted so well the trfling taste of the age, the author's fancy for its attraction, as he that it went through eleven editions in tive has seized insulated objects belonging to years. “ A Letter to the Roman Catholics Eastern climes and manners, and strung them of Dublin," and “ M.P., or the Blue Stock-in his own way rather than in their natural ing,” were his next publications. This last associations. The poem has no lofty Milwas a comic opera in three acts, performed tonic flights--no hall of Eblis reaching the at the Lyceum Theatre in 1811. The poetry height of the sublime—but it is calculated to and music were characterized in the journals suit the taste of every order of mind.

Young and old, educated and uneducated, | lived for some time, not far from the noble alike comprehend its luxurious imagery, woods of Ilam and the entrance to Dovedale, sweet passages, fascinating descriptions, and renowned for the visits of Isaac Walton. gorgeous voluptuousness : hence the uncon- Latterly, his residence has been at Sloperton mon popularity of the poem. The gilding Cottage, near Devizes, Wilts. It is not so and carmine, the glare and riches, lavished picturesque as his Staffordshire retreat, but upon a feeble structure of story, are not at more convenient. It is within a short disfirst seen to be misplaced. The numbers tance of Bowood, the seat of the Marquis of flow harmoniously, and there is no surfeit Lansdowne, and not a great way from Bremfrom the perfumes that are presented to the hill parsonage, the residence of the late Rev. senses. Those who have hearts for the deeper William Lisle Bowles, a brother poet. There things of humanity, whose enjoyments come are two doors in front of the cottage, which is not from external color, Orient hues and very plain ; both are surrounded with trellisTyrian purple, will prefer the heart which is work, and the whole covered with flowering shown in many of Moore's other productions. shrubs. As a host, Moore was hospitable, “ Lalla Rookh” is too merely sensuous for lively, and attentive to his guests : the “feast such as seek their pleasure in natural things. of reason and the flow of soul” every ac

“ The Fudge Family in Paris” appeared in companying the grosser entertainment. He 1818, purporting to be letters in verse writ- was always full of animation, easy, and corten by Thomas Brown the Younger. Mr. dial, but in person so diminutive, that the Fudge, the author has hinted, was one of Prince of Wales (George IV.) is said to those “gentlemen” whom the Lord Castle- have hinted in his own presence that a winereagh of that day delighted to honor with cooler would make an appropriate habitation pensions for certain offices which individuals for the Bacchanalian poet. with clean hands scorned to perform. The Moore's acquaintance with Byron comletters are full of political allusions, but menced in an odd way. The latter had with interest generally of a temporary char- turned into ridicule, in his “ English Bards acter.

and Scotch Reviewers,” the bloodless duel Sacred and National Songs and Ballads,” | between Moore and Jeffrey, in the lines“ Tom Crib's Memorial to Congress,” « Trifles Reprinted in Verse,” and “ The Loves of the “When Little's leadless pistols met his eye, Angels,” next appeared. “The Loves of the And Bow Street myrmidons stood laughing by.” Angels” was written at the moment when Byron was about to publish his beautiful Moore's Milesian blood was immediately up; drama on the same subject; but in “Cain” and he addressed a letter on the subject to there is an intensity of feeling which in the noble poet, whicb (Byron being abroad Moore's poems is looked for in vain. at the time) did not reach him for year

and "Rhymes on the Road." “Evenings in a-half. When Byron at length received the Greece,” “Memoirs of Captain Rock," in missive, he wrote a candid, manly reply, asprose, “ The Epicurean,” “ Life of Sheridan," suring Moore that he would find him ready one of Byron, and it is said “A Letter from a

to adopt any conciliatory proposition which Young Man in Search of a Religion,” have all ! should not compromise his honor. This led proceeded from his fertile pen. Moore's to a meeting at Roger's, when four poetsprose works, however, have not added to his Rogers, Campbell, Moore, and Byron-sat literary reputation.

| down together to a friendly dinner. The poet married Miss Dyke, a lady of i A singular circumstance in relation to beauty and accomplishments, by whom he Byron occurred in the life of Moore. There had several children, who are now dead. He were certain memoirs of the noble poet writresided at one period in a retired cottage at ten by himself, and placed in Moore's hands Mathfield or Mayfield, on the Staffordshire as a legacy, for his sole benefit. Moore, at side of the river Dove, two miles from Ash- the desire of his friend, lodged the manubourne in Derbyshire. His habitation was script with Mr. Murray, the bookseller, as a truly a cottage, squarely built, having an security for the sum of two thousand guinorchard on one side, and trelliswork around “ Believing," said Moore, " that the the door. His small library was in a room manuscript was still mine, I placed it at the on one side, and from thence he dated No. 6 i disposal of Lord Byron's sister, Mrs. Leigh, of the “ Irish Melodies" in 1815. Here he with the sole reservation of a protest against was only a mile from Oberon Hall, and but its total destruction—at least without prethree miles from Wootton, where Rousseau Il vious perusal and consultation among the



parties. The majority of the persons present | rapid as that of a northern summer, and as disagreed with me in opinion, and it was rich as the most golden harvest of the south, the only point upon which there did exist whose beautiful creations succeed each other any difference between us. The manuscript like fruits in Armida's enchanted gardenwas accordingly torn and burned before our one scarce is gathered ere another grows ? eyes, and I immediately paid to Mr. Murray, Shall I recall to you Rogers, who has hung in the presence of the gentlemen assembled, up his own name on the shrine of memory, two thousand guineas, with interest, &c., be among the most imperishable tablets there? ing the amouut of what I had owed him Southey (not the laureate) but the author of upon the security of my bond,” &c. The Don Roderick,' one of the noblest and most family of Byron proposed an arrangement eloquent poems in any language ? Campbell, by which Moore might be reimbursed; but the polished and spirited Campbell

, whose this he declined. Moore's conduct was ap- song of Innisfail is the very tears of our plauded by many, but not by all. It was own Irish muse, crystallized by the touch of pointed out that there was a duty owing to genius—made immortal ? Wordsworth, a the deceased poet, which had been neglected. poet even in his puerilities, whose capacious The proper course to have taken was for mind, like the great whirlpool of Norway, persons of judgment, totally unconnected draws into its vortex not only the mighty with the parties, to bave read the papers, things of the deep, but its minute weeds and and if there were anything seriously objec- refuse ? Crabbe, who has shown what the tionable, to sanction their destruction. Byron more than galvanic power of talent can effect, seems to have concluded that the papers by giving not only motion, but life and soul, would be in safe custody in a friend's hands; to subjects that seemed incapable of it? I and farther, he had declared he was indif- could enumerate still more,” &c. ferent about all the world knowing what they Moore visited Paris with his family in 1822, contained. “ There were few licentious ad- and resided there for some weeks, became ventures of his own, or scandalous anecdotes acquainted with many of the literary charthat would affect others, in the book.” “ It acters of that capital, most of whom have is taken up from my earliest recollections—al- since since been taken away by death. A most from childhood—very incoherent, writ. dinner was given to him by some of his ten in a very loose and familiar style. The countrymen on this occasion, which was very second part will prove a good lesson to young numerously attended, and which he admen; for it treats of the irregular life I led at dressed with his accustomed facility and figone period, and the fatal consequences of dis- urativeness of expression. On numerous sipation. There are few parts that may not, public occasions in the British metropolis, he and none that will not, be read by women.” has also delivered speeches of more than or

In the year 1818 a public dinner was given dinary eloquence, especially where they have to Moore in Dublin. The Earl of Charle- been connected with literary objects. mont was in the chair, and the poet and his Moore, however, is merely the poet of sovenerable father sat on his right and left ciety: he belongs to artificial life. Incapahand. The poet was welcomed to his native ble of a fight long sustained, his poetical land with the most flattering acclamations. talents are best displayed in poems of a few He replied in a very eloquent but short speech, pages, or even a few stanzas. He is evidently being much affected by the scene around him. the bard of the town circles— lively, witty, One of the passages in his speech on “The fluttering, and brilliant. Nothing can be poet" being given as a toast, will explain his farther in idea from a Highland solitude, a manner, and it ran as follows :-“Can I name dashing brook, or the aspect of a sere auto you Byron without recalling to your hearts tumn, than the poetry of Moore. His songs recollections of all that his mighty genius are not full of natural truth, like those of has awakened there; his energy, bis burning Burns, nor elevating, nor passionate, after words, his intense passion, that disposition of nature's simple guise. He makes love in the fine fancy to wandering among the ruins of drawing-room. His heroines are all town the heart, to dwell in places which the fire ladies, dressed by court tire-women in the of feeling has desolated, and like the chest newest mode from Madame Deville's. They nut-tree, that grows best on volcanic soils, are opera-haunters, ballet-dancers, and figuto luxuriate most where the conflagration of rantes. In satire his excellence consists in passion has left its mark ? Need I mention hitting—as a pugilist would say--the vanito you Scott, that fertile and fascinating ties, ignorance, and vulgarisms of high life, writer, the vegetation of whose mind is as and the inanities of great personages. Like

the vain regent's own sword, Moore's sallies, a sick-bed. Something similar may be said flash upon the vision, and wound while they of the works of Moore, whether serious or playfully wave in mere show of warfare. witty ; in which latter style he has not been Contempt was never so gracefully concealed approached since the days of Sheridan and under one of Stultz's best-cut garments. Wolcot, although he resembles neither of George IV. was painfully alive to it; and those cotemporaries in early life. This gifted Moore, who was at one time the visitor of person has now completed his seventieth the Prince of Wales, did not spare him when year, and the state of his health seems to he became regent, and turned his back on announce that he has reached the last terma the Whigs. It is said that when he was first of life. There has been much controintroduced to the Prince of Wales, the latter versy as to the real merit of his poetry ; but asked him if he was the son of Dr. Moore, the public voice, we apprehend, will decide the author of " Zeluco," when Moore re- the question, and the “Irish Melodies” more plied, “No, sir; I am the son of a grocer in especially will long survive the author. In Dublin !"

person, we have said, he is diminutive; but It is no small merit to have contributed so in middle age he arrived at a full habit of much as he has done to the stock of human body. His forehead is good, bis eyes dark, enjoyment. A distinguished individual in nose prominent, the reverse of aquiline ; the society said he could not tell how to express character of mouth good-humored, and somehis gratitude to Scott for the delightful for what voluptuous; and the stamp of the getfulness of his ailments which “Waverley" whole person decidedly Irish. had caused, while perusing that work upon


The following narrative is given in a late / immediately induced the enamored Pasha letter to the Sémaphore of Marseilles :- to take her with him to his seat of govern

A few years ago, a Greek girl of un- ment, and finally, to make her bis wife common beauty was married to Mr. Melin- Although greatly attached to his wife, Meger, an English physician residing at Con hemet's happiness was not complete, as stantinople, where he had acquired a high there was reason to fear that their union reputation. Several children were borne of would be sterile. Accordingly, he one day this marriage, which, to all appearances, ventured a kind of reproach to his wife on seemed likely to continue a happy one. the subject, who immediately replied with a Thanks to his profession and to his distin- smile, " Is this the cause of your dejection, guished merits, Mr. Melinger received fre- my lord ? why did you not mention it quent visits from the highest dignitaries of sooner?'

sooner ?' 'How so?' Would you prethe empire, and among others from His Ex- fer a boy or a girl ?' 'A boy by all means.” cellency Féthi-Pasha, now son-in-law of the You shall have one.' After a short inSultan. It would appear that the doctor terval, the crafty Greek feigned to be in the having discovered the existence of an intrigue condition her lord desired, while every means between this gentleman and his wife, re- were employed prudently to exile him from solved upon quitting Constantinople, and his wife's apartment. The blindness of his taking the guilty one over to England, but passion rendered this an easy task, nor did a the Greek refused to submit, doubtless al- doubt cross his mind as to the legitimacy of ready bent upon other schemes, for she the infant presented to him, which he named soon after obtained a divorce, and abandoned Belgrade Bey, and the town showed itself her children and her husband. After her di duly sensible of its sponsorial honors by the vorce, the connection of Madame Melinger most splendid rejoicings. A short time afwith Féthi-Pasha was but of short dura- terwards his Excellency, Mehemet Pasha, was tion. But she shortly accomplished the con recalled to Constantinople, and subsequently quest of Mehemet Pasha, who had just appointed Ambassador of the Ottoman Porte been appointed to the Governorship of Bel- in London.

in London. But previous to his departure grade; and in order the more entirely to he expressed a wish that he might have captivate this distinguished personage, she another boy, a brother and companion for the became a Mussulman-a circumstance which beloved Belgrade. His happiness, he said,




would not be completed unless he had two nant old man refused to render himself an
fine children almost of the same age, of accomplice by remaining longer inactive. He
whose future career he already formed the betook himself to Pera, and proceeding step
most brilliant anticipations. As she had by step in his investigations with that cau-
done in the first instance, his wife replied, tious prudence and insinuating artifice so
• You shall have one.' Impossible !' ex- peculiar to the people of the East, and espe-
claimed the husband, at first astounded. cially to the inmates of the harem, he suc-
*As truly as Mahomet is our prophet.' ceeded in acquiring positive evidence of the
• Well,' replied Mehemet, God is great! death of the veritable Usnud Bey, and of the
and it was thus that you announced my substitution of a child of the same age, pur-
first-born.' At the end of a month she chased of parents in the lowest grade of life.
again declared herself enciente, and the The eunuch then returned, aṇd, pointing to
Pasha was the most delighted of men; but the pretended Usnud Bey, said to his mis-
he was soon obliged to set out for London, tress, “Madame, let me beg of you to send
and his wife was left at Constantinople to that child back to his father-Mossul, the
complete her accouchement. This was all fisherman. I know all. At these words
the Greek desired, and using the same means the woman became livid, and left him, saying,
as before, she presented one fine morning to It is well.'
her assembled slaves, and to a few persons Shortly before the time of afternoon
of her husband's family, a fine child of the prayer she sent for the eunuch, and was told
male sex, who received the name of Usnud that he was taking a bath. No sooner did
Bey. After the lapse of a few days the she hear this than her project was immedi-
child fell seriously ill, and was sent, by order ately formed. The old man, as we have said,
of the physicians, to Pera, under the care of was governor of the Pasha's household, and
its governess.

Pera, as every one knows, is as such occupied a sumptuous apartment, to a suburb of Constantinople, inhabited by the which a bath-room was attached for his primercantile community and by the European vate use; it was here that his mistress Ambassadors. Its air is purer than that of sought him out. The eunuch was attended the city, and, accordingly, young Usnud was by two slaves ; she dismissed them with an soon brought back in perfect health by his imperious gesture, and remained alone with governess—the same woman who had per- the old man. “You were determined to find formed the office of nurse at the birth of Bel- it out then ? she said. “Yes, and I did find grade. Singularly enough, however, an old it out.' To whom have you spoken about black eunuch, who had brought up the Pasha, what you discovered ?'

• To no one yet, but possessed his entire confidence, and managed I shall write to my master.' 'How much his entire household, could by no means re- do you want to hold your tongue ? Nocognize Usnud Bey in the child which was thing, I am determined to speak.' And to thus brought back, and in the presence of write?' 'Yes, I mean to write.' Then several slaves said to his mistress, · Well, take that to seal your letter with! At these my lady, if that child be Usnud' Bey, he has words she threw a noose round the neck of become singularly altered by his sojourn at the wretched old man, and commenced Pera, among the infidels. The mother re- strangling him. The eunuch was feeble, and mained silent, and carried off the child, taken by surprise, could offer but little resisdirecting a fierce glance at the eunuch. tance. He struggled in vain; his assassin Doubt had established itself, however, in the continued to draw the fatal noose tighter and old man's mind; moreover, he had long tighter still, and as she redoubled her efforts, been enlightened with respect to his mis- she exclaimed with the rage of a fury, Ah! tress's doings; he knew the whole history of you wanted to know all you shall know Belgrade Bey, and the reason he had not more than you bargained for! You sought mentioned it to his master was, that at the for light, did you ? here's eternal darkness time he discovered the trick the Pasha had for you! Now write to your master! write, already grown fond of the little being whom old fool!' At the vociferations of the assassin he believed to be his son, and the eunuch and the groans of the victim, one of the had not had the courage to undeceive him. slaves returned into the apartment, and at But two supposititious children in the first the sight of the horrible scene, rushed out place, and then the impudent substitution of and began crying all over the house. another child to the one which had been re- courier was then immediately despatched to ceived as a legitimate offspring, formed a London, to apprise Mehemet Pasha of the complication of knavery of which the indig- 1 fatal occurrence.”

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