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From the International Weekly Miscellany.
ENGLISH FEMALE NOVELISTS.
Among the most remarkable writers of ro- | other, and the book passed to a second edimances in England, three women are enti- tion without the solution of the riddle. At tled to be reckoned in the first rank, namely, last there came out a second romance, 'ShirMiss Jewsbury, Miss Bronte, and Mrs. Gas- ley,' by the same author, which was devourkell. Miss Jewsbury issued her first worked with equal avidity, although it could not about four years since, a novel, in three vol be compared to the former in value ; and umes, under the title of “Zoe,” and since still the incognito was preserved. Finally, then she has published the “Half Sisters.” | late in the autumn of last year the report Both these works are excellent in manner as was spread about that the image of Jane well as ideas, and show that their author is Eyre had been discovered in London in the a woman of profound thought and deep feel person of a pale young lady, with gray eyes, ing. Both are drawn from country life and who had been recognized as the long-sought the middle class, a sphere in which Miss authoress. Still she remained invisible. And Jewsbury is at home. The tendency of the again, in June 1850, it is said that Currer first is speculative, and is based on religion ; Bell, Jane Eyre, Miss Bronte,--for all three that of the second is social, relating to the names mean the same person,-is in London position of woman.
though to all inquiries concerning the where Miss Jewsbury is still young, for an au- and how a satisfactory answer is still wantthoress. She counts only some thirty years, ing. She is now indeed here, but not for and many productions may be confidently the curious public; she will not not serve soexpected from her hand, though perhaps ciety as a lioness, will not be gazed and none will excel those already published, for, gaped at. She is a simple child of the counafter gaining a certain climax, no one excels try, brought up in the little parsonage of her himself. Her usual residence is Manchester; father, in the North of England, and must it is but seldom that she visits the metro- first accustom her eye to the gleaming diapolis; she is now here. She has lively and dem with which fame seeks to deck her brow, pleasing manners, a slight person, fine fea- before she can feel herself at home in her own tures, a beautiful, dreamy, light brown eye. sunshine. She is attractive without being beautiful, re- Our third lady, Mrs. Gaskell, belongs also tiring, altogether without pretensions, and in to the country, and is the wife of a Unitarian conversation is neither brilliant nor very intel-clergyman. In this capacity she has probably lectual—a still, thoughtful, modest character. had occasion to know a great deal of the
Miss Bronte was long involved in a mys- poorer classes, to her honor be it said. Her terious obscurity, from which she first book, “Mary Barton,” conducts us into the emerged into the light as an actually exist- factory workman's narrow dwelling, and deing being, at her present visit to London. picts his joys and sorrows, his aims and efTwo years ago there appeared a romance, forts, his wants and bis misery, with a power "Jane Eyre,' by `Currer Bell,' which threw i of truth that irresistibly lays hold upon the all England into astonishment. Everybody heart. The scene of the story alternates was tormenting himself to discover the real from there to the city mansion of the factory author, for there was no such person as Cur- owner, where, along with luxury and splendor rer Bell, and no one could tell whether the we find little love and little happiness, and book was written by a or woman, where sympathy with the condition of the because the hues of the romance now indi- workman is wanting only because it is not cated a male and now a female hand, with known, and because no one understands why out any possibility of supposing that the or how the workman suffers. The book is at whole originated with a single pencil. The once very beautiful, very instructive, and public attributed it now to one, now to an- written in a spirit of conciliation.
A Hunter's Life in South Africa, by R. Gordon, of the Sicilian Vespers, by the Earl of Ellesmere. A Cumming, a sprightly and entertaining work, re- Reprint of Seba Smith's New Elements of Geometry. printed in 2 vols. by Harper & BROTHERS, is thus Life, Scenery, and Customs in Sierra Leone and ihre commended by Bentley's Miscellany :
Gambia, by the Rev. Thomas Eyre Poole, D. D. “To the sportsman, par excellence, to the man of Personal Adventures during the late War of Indepennerve and of enterprise, to the young and the daring, 1 dence in Hungary. to the fox-hunter of England and the deer-stalker of Mr. Murray's last includes the following among Scotland, to the wild boar-spearer and the tiger-hunter others :-England from the Peace of Utrecht, vol. 5 of India,' to all that delight in the chase, in its dangers and 6, by Lord Mahon. State Papers of Henry VIII.'s and
fatigues, and enjoy it the more from its greater peril to their life or iheir limbs, we could name few reign. Addresses and Charges, by Bishop Norwich. publications that would equally interest them. Five Christianity in Ceylon, by James Emerson Tennent. years they indeed were of perilous adventure-of an Englishman domesticated in Abyssinia, by Manslion-bearding and elephant-spooring, of hippopotamusshooting and rhinoceros-hunting; five years passed in field Parkyns, Esq. An Edition of Pope's Works, in the forest among the fiercest wild beasts of the earth ; | 4 vols., edited by John Wilson Croker. Barron's and to whom, in their ignorance and simplicity, a horse was as much an unknown animal as was a
long expected work, Lavengro. Campaign of Rawhite man, and a rifle a bewilderment and a puzzle." detzy in Piedmont, by Lord Ellesmere. The Spectator speaks of the work thus :
Mr. Colburn has lately published:- The History of
Religion, by John Evelyn. Lives of the Queens of Sport and the free life of the hunter, not geo- England of the House of Brunswick, by Mrs. Everett graphical description or discovery, were the objects of Mr. Cumming, and he enjoyed them to the fullest
Green. Lives of the Princes of England from the extent. He has knocked over half-a-dozen elephants Norman Conquest. Historic Scenes, by Agnes Strickor more at a time, chased and slaughtered cameleo-land. Letters of Mary Queen of Scots, by Agnes pards in like manner, killed and carried off hippopoStrickland. Light and Darkness, by Mrs. Crowe. iamuses as men do deer at home; and grew so bold that two or three lions were less to him ihan an over- Adelaide Lindsay, by the author of Emilia Wyndham. driven ox to a London Alderman. He met the king Petticoat Government, a novel, by Mrs. Trollope. An of beasts in open plain, rode with them, at them, across them, and round them in the execution of his tactics;
Autumn in Sicily, by the Marquis of Ormonde. knocked them over right and left. The most valua
Smith, Elden, & Co, announce :- The Stories of ble parts of Mr. Cumming's book are those which de- Venice, by John Ruskin. New Christmas Book, by he saw them under more favorable circumstances Thackeray. A Volume of Table-talk, by Leigh Hunt. than perhaps any other observer with equal powers of Literary Remains of Ellis and Acton Bell, with notices observation.
of both authors, by Currer Bell. Women Exemplary
for Piety and Charity, by Miss Julia Kavanagh. ConLights and Shades of Ireland, a work written by versations of Goethe with Eckermann, translated by Mrs. Nicholson, and originally published under the
John Oxenford. Pique, a novel. title of “ Ireland's Welcome to the Stranger,” by BA
Blackwood's last embraces:-Notes on North Amer. KER & Scribner, New York, and now republished by ica, Agricultural, Social, and Economical, by ProfesGilpin, London, is favorably noticed in a long review sor James F. W. Johnston. Curran and his Contemby Tait's Magazine, wbich thus commences: poraries, by Charles Phillips, Lives of the Queens of
In the year 1847, Mrs. Nicholson, a native of New Scotland, by Agnes Strickland. Agricultural PhysiYork, repaired to Ireland, to become there the dis- ology, Animal and Vegetable, by J. L. Kemp. tributor of charity to the starving people of that couutry: As far as her own limited means would reach,
A work of great ability and value has been issued aided by some contributors from the United States, by Messrs. HARPER & BROTHERS, to which the attenshe administered relief to the sufferers in person. She tion of scholars and clergymen will be attracted-A accordingly mixed largely with the poorest classes, and was occasionally thrown in contact with bodies
Greek and English Lexicon of the New Testament, by and individuals who were engaged officially, or as
Rev. DR. ROBINSON, of the Union Theological Semivolunteers, in the same charitable work. The volume nary, New York, in one large octavo volume. The before us is, in its most interesting portions, an ac
typography deserves special commendation. It is recount of her adventures when so engaged.
markably clear and handsome, and will be regarded Mr. Bentley has lately published-A Year in the as among the best specimens of Greek printing among Punjaub Frontier in 1848-9, by Major Herbert Ed- us. Of the merits of the work itself, we have formed, wardes. A Pilgrimage to the Land of my Fathers, or from long acquaintance with the first edition, the a Narrative of Travel and Sojourn in Judea and highest estimate. In respect of precision, fullness, Egypt, by the Rev. Moses Margolionth. The History I order and style, we know of no other lexical work so
finely realizing the true idea of a Lexicon as this, in propriate, though brief, letter press essays, suggested its department. It displays scholarship, research, by the history of the different characters delineated. judgment, and taste, in every page, and combines | The sketches are highly meritorious as works of art. many qualities not often to be found in this class of They evince a fine conception of the character of the works. The latest results of Biblical learning in its persons portrayed, and a degree of spirit and intellivarious departments, were familiar to the author, and gence not often to be found in the purely imaginative his own practical theories have supplied him with creations of the pencil. St. Paul, David, Isaiah, abundant materials for the important feature of Ezekiel, especially, are replete with the traces of exegesis. The etymology and the logical develop genius; and of all of them it may be said, that they ment and changes of each word are minutely pre do good justice to the lofty subjects they attempt to sented, together with all its grammatical phases, and sketch, the different forms of inflection. A learned and useful The illustrative essays are from practised and wellcomparison of the New Testament usage of the word known pens, Among the authors we notice the names with that of the classic authors is also given, throw- of the reverend and esteemed editor, of Dr. Vinton, of ing great light upon many a passage. In addition to Boston, Bishop Spencer, of Jamaica, Dr. Adams and this, a great variety of exegetical explanation of words | Dr. Smith, of the Presbyterian Church in New York, and passages occur, so that the Lexicon as a whole | Dr. Bellows, Dr. Frothingham, and Mr. Bartol, of the furnishes the student with a fine commentary. The | Unitarian denomination ; Dr. Hayne and Dr. Charles, work is highly creditable to the scholarship of our of the Baptist denomination, and Dr. Scott, of the country, and will take rank as a standard production Methodist. These productions are of various interest abroad, as well as here.
and ability. Some of them possess great excellence. The first among the beautiful issues of the press, Purity of taste, genuine feeling, and exquisite approdevoted to the welcome purpose of holiday gifts, priateness are true of them all, while true eloquence which the approaching season brings forth, is the and poetry may be averred of a few. The massive, splendid volume of the Messrs. APPLETO», entitled rich and luxurious binding in which the work makes “ Our Saviour, with Prophets and Evangelists,” edited its appearance, together with the fine typography, and by Rev. Dr. Wainright. The embellishments-eigh-its truly beautiful and meritorious illustrations, will teen in number-present original and exquisitely fin- give it an unquestionable precedence in the elegant ished sketches of that number of prominent Scriptural class of which it is the pioneer. characters, including our Lord, accompanied by ap
OUR PLA TE.
The striking scene presented in the engraving ac- most revolting and cruel persecutions ever recorded, companying this number, will recall to the reader the were the result of her instigation. St. Bartholomew's closing period of the life of Charles IX of France. day was one of them. In all these the unhappy Weak and unprincipled, rather than wicked, this Charles was forced, often with great reluctance, to unhappy prince was made subservient throughout his play the priocipal part. The frequent and flagrant short and eventful life, to the policy and intrigues of crimes in which he was thus compelled to participate, his mother, Catherine de Medicis, who ruled France, embittered his life with regrets, and which gradually from the time of her husband's decease, whoever rose to a settled and terrible remorse. The sight of might be the apparent head of the kingdom. One his monster mother became at length intolerable ; and part of her policy was to play off against each other shortly previous to his death, her presence was the the different parties into which the kingdom was di- signal of paroxysms of rage and remorse. It is one of vided. The excesses of each party she adroitly these characteristic scenes which the artist has fostered, and secretly aided each to injure the other. seized upon, and presents at a glance the whole hisThe great issue which divided the contending parties tory of the miserable destiny which crime ever secures at that time, was the conflict between Catholicism and to itself. We shall present, in another number, a conProtestantism ; and persecution of Protestants be- tinuation of an article in our last, on the House of came, therefore, a leading part of the policy of the Guise, a graphic sketch of these two characters, to Queen mother. Through her agency, some of the which the reader may be referred.