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the character of the order from the charges with history, and that, under pretence of which have been made against it; more es- drawing his evidence solely from hostile aupecially from the accusation laid at its door thors, he ingeniously, though not very honin the false relations of Rationalists and estly, passes over the important evidence of Protestants,” of its members having been the the writer, who, of all others, from his mafounders and promoters of the Inquisition;terials and opportunities, was best qualified and secondly, having so established its inno- to give evidence on the subject. We mean cence and merits in time past, to show that Llorente, of whom Lacordaire makes no menat the present day, it is, to say the least, tion whatever. The only excuse harmless. For arbiter, Lacordaire appeals make for this mode of reasoning is, that someto public opinion, “which is the queen of the thing of the advocate still remains in him ; world, which from time immemorial has that he considered himself as if counsel in abrogated old laws and made new ones, from the cause, and so, from the liberty allowed which charters themselves depend, and the to his function, entitled to overlook or supdecrees of which, neglected for a day, end press any hostile evidence. sooner or later in being executed.”
Before leaving the memoir, we may quote To us it seems that public opinion has al- one or two passages from it as fair specimens ready pronounced a most unequivocal judg- of Lacordaire's taste and style :ment on monkery, and that this judgment History has recorded the works of the has been as effectual as it was emphatic. religious orders. Formidable heresies arose, The sequel of the above passage seems un- new worlds were discovered, but in the regions consciously to admit this. “Some religious of thought, as on the billows of the ocean, no orders do exist in France, and though they navigator could go farther than their devohave been frequently attacked from a dis- tion and their doctrine. Every shore has tance, no insult has ever knocked at their preserved the trace of their blood, every echo door for forty years, even as no scandal with the sound of their voice. The Indian, hunted in that time has ever crossed their threshold.” like a wild beast, found a refuge under their
They have thus been unmolested by legal frock; the negro still bears on his neck the interference, yet the whole memoir is a com- mark of their embrace; the Japanese and plaint that they have been prevented from Chinese, separated from the rest of the world spreading. What then has prevented them ? even more by their manners and pride than Public opinion alone.
by length of way, have seated themselves to To return to the memoir. After many listen to those wonderful strangers; the pleadings on behalf of the order of St. Do- Ganges has seen them communicate to a Paminic, Lacordaire goes on to describe its rah the words of divine wisdom ; the ruins foundation, object, and constitution. St. of Babylon have afforded them a stone to Dominic was a noble Spaniard, of the name rest on for a moment, while they wiped their of Guzman. His mother, before his birth, brow and thought of ancient days. dreamed in good old classical style that she This passage is scarcely to our liking ; we had brought forth a dog holding in his mouth find it inclining to the turgid ; and the causes a flaming torch, a lively representation, says by which the Japanese and Chinese are sepathe author, “of an order which none has rated from the rest of the world reminds us of surpassed in eloquence and doctrine.” To the well known “ mutuo metu et montibus.” our view, however, albeit we pretend not to Here is a better picture :any great skill in oneiromancy, the prodigy " That friar whom you met journeying on was a much more lively representation of an foot along some commonplace path in your order which none has surpassed in the get- own country has camped with the Tartars ting up and general management of an auto- along the rivers of Upper Asia, has inhabited da-fé. This interpretation, however, Lacor- a convent of Armenia at the foot of Mount daire would by no means admit, for in the Ararat, has preached in the capitals of Fez course of the work he thinks it advisable to and Morocco—he is now on his way to Scanattempt a refutation of the common opinion dinavia, and then, perhaps, he will go into " arising from the works of Rationalist and Red Russia. Many a bead has he to tell Protestant authors," which connects their before he reaches his journey's end." name in an unenviable manner with that of After boasting with justice of the distin. the Inquisition. Into this debate we shall guished men which his order has counted not enter. We content ourselves with re- among its members, more particularly of marking that Lacordaire, in his zeal for his Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, and him church and his order, deals in a very sad way, who would have indeed been an ornament to any society, the benevolent Las Casas—all | Dominic then shows him all over the premiDominicans ; after telling of the artists, ses, and asks him what advantage he gains bishops, cardivals, popes, and saints, male in each particular place; the other answers and female, who have belonged to the insti- frankly enough. But coming at last to the tution, and after in particular lauding Fra chapter-house, the devil would fly away, Angelico among the artists, because " be ne- for here," said he, “I lose all the benefit i ver painted but on his knees his representa elsewhere reap, since here it is that the bretions of Jesus and bis Holy Mother”—a thren are admonished, confessed, and abposition which, by the way, seems to us, solved.” augured more for his humble piety than for When Lacordaire soberly tells such tales his professional success—he comes to the at the present day, we see that he has been architects of the order, and exclaims- born centuries too late; as a critic remarks,
“Oh happy time! Terrestrial paradise ! he has the effect of an anachronism. Such ruined by despotism and barbarism! All delusions are as much to be pitied as blamed. modern civilization together”—(this must be But what shall we say of stories such as the mortifying to Mr. Pugin and the Oxford following, and the way in which Lacordaire amateurs) —“cannot at this day construct a views them ? He quotes a document relatChristian Church, and yet three poor friars ing to a certain Ponce Roger, which begins of the thirteenth century, all unknown to thus :—"By the authority of the lord abbot fame, Fra Sisto, Fra Ristora, and Fra Gio- of Cîteaux, who has enjoined on us (St. Dovanni, raised at Florence that church of minic) this office, we have reconciled to the Santa Maria Novella, which Michael Angelo church the bearer of these presents.". If, by went every day to see, and of which he said the way, the saint does not act as an inquisithat it was fair, pure, and simple as a bride, tor, or at least as a deputy-inquisitor-for whence comes the name which the common the Cistertians are admitted to have been people of Florence still give it—the sweet inquisitors- we do not see in what capacity name of La Sposa.
he acts at all. But to continue. Ponce was All this happy time, however, was to end, never to eat flesh, eggs, or cheese, except at “for modern Paganism was victorious, Luther Easter, Whitsunday, and Christmas, on which was at the gates !"
occasion he was specially ordered to eat of Lacordaire here evidently wishes to retort these viands“ as a protest against his former and turn the tables on the author, whoever errors." He was to keep three Lents in the he was, of the famous line in our language, year, during which times he was to abstain “The pope, that pagan full of pride.' even from fish. On three several Sundays We
pass to another work of the Dominican, he was to walk naked to the middle from the the subject being St. Dominic himself. It is, extremity of the village to the door of the of course, a high eulogy of the holy man. church, while a priest whipped him with rods. We find, as is usual in such legends, miracles He was to repeat seventy paters every day, not a few, and also some little diablerie. An and twenty in the middle of every night ; and old woman of Segovia, who had harbored St. all this which was to last for the term of his Dominic, had her house burned, but having life, was to be done, “under the pain of being fortunately put an old sbirt of the saint in a excommunicated as a perjurer and a heretic, trunk where she kept her valuables, she had and of being separated from the society of all her treasure preserved from the flames, the faithful. The penalty was, that he was such wonderfully anti-phlogistic properties to be treated as a relapsed heretic—in other did the precious relic exhibit. In the same words, delivered over to the secular arm to town of Segovia, St. Dominic, after a long be burnt. So much for St. Dominic's “redrought, predicted a plentiful rain, and the conciliation" of a heretic. What says Lacorprediction was fulfilled; for this Lacordaire daire of this instance of refined cruelty ? would probably rank his patron with Elijah | That “it evinced a remarkable spirit of good---as for us, we place him beside Mr. Murphy. ness”—“un remarquable esprit de bonte !"
St. Dominic was often plagued by intrusions We quote another passage from the life of from the devil, and Lacordaire gives us, from St. Dominic :-“Some heretics (says Thierry Thierry d'Apolda, a full report of a conversa- d’Apolda) having been taken and convicted tion on one such occasion between the evil spi- in the Toulouse country, were delivered over rit and the good man.“ What are you prowl. to the secular power and condemned to the ing about here for ? ” said the latter, meeting stake. St. Dominic fixed his look on one of the enemy in the monastery one day. “For them, with a heart initiated in the mysteries the good 'I get of it,' replied the devil. St. I of God, and then said to the officers of the
court, “ Put this man aside, and take care he, hoped that his order was to go forth conis not burned;" then turning to the heretic quering and to conquer. We do not know with great gentleness, “ I know, my son,” he the result of the experiment. In May, 1847, said, “ that you require time, but that in the he pronounced the funeral oration of General end you will become good and holy." Adds Drouot; the subject was a fine one-Drouot the old historian, " the thing was as benevo- was a good man as well as a brave soldier. lent as it was astonishing."
A fortnight before the revolution of FebAstonishing indeed! But more astonish-ruary, Lacordaire delivered his ing still is the imperturbability with which Funebre on Daniel O'Connell.”
“ Beati qui Lacordaire recounts the tale, as if the com- escroiunt et sitiunt justitiam quoniam ipsi mand “ take care not to burn this man'' did saturabuntur,'' Matthew v. 6, was the text not imply the command “take care to burn he took. Its appropriateness to the subject all the rest”-as if the story did not show was not clear to us at the outset, nor, notthat St. Dominic had the power of saving withstanding his promise that “the words from the flames those whom he chose, but that should re-echo through the whole of his disthe fact of his having even once exercised that course,” did he succeed in enlightening us ; power was a thing so rare as to be “ aston- for we were present when the eulogium was ishing.” Surely in a panegyric of the saints pronounced. We saw a French friar mount it would have been better and wiser to have the pulpit of a French cathedral to render said nothing of such very equivocal benevo- " thanks to God that it was allowed his lips lence.
to speak the praise" of one of our country. As a history-and it will be remembered men; we saw the immense throng that filled that the biography of St. Dominic necessa- spacivus Notre Dame to hear these praises ; rily includes much of the history of the Albi- we saw this zeal to do honor to a foreigner, genses—the work is, as may well be expected, who had, so far as we knew, done nothing highly partial; as a romance, however, it is for France, and of whose life and doings in interesting enough, and as a literary produc- his own country we were certain all but a tion it contains many fine passages, particu- few were profoundly ignorant; we saw all larly some in the descriptive style. The this, and wondered, and asked ourselves why “Life of St. Dominic,” like the “Memoir for it was so ? But Lacordaire soon explained the Dominicans," was written during Lacor- this point. “ That O'Connell was the liberadaire's noviciate ; it appeared, however, only tor of an oppressed country were enough to in 1841, when its author had already taken justify all that Rome, France, and the world the vows.
This he had done in 1840 at a think of his memory and do to exalt it. But monastery near Viterbo, and he at that time I leave aside--if it be allowable to do soadded to his former name that of the founder ideas of patriotism which do not go suffiof his order, so that he thenceforth signed ciently far or high for our subject. I open himself “ Fr. Henri-Dominique Lacordaire the vastest theatre on which a human repudes Fr. Prech."
tation can be placed—the theatre of the On the 15th of February, 1841, he re
Church and of humanity.” appeared in the pulpit of Notre Dame at We saw at once. The Romanist ChurchParis, and delivered a sermon on French man was there to praise O'Connell only in nationality. This is a favorite subject with so far, as he had been a devoted and useful him ; he knows the weak side of his audience, instrument of the Church of Rome. And and accordingly almost all his discourses re- the audience, such at least as were not attractsound with the cry of French glory. He has ed like ourselves merely by the celebrity of even pushed his patriotic enthusiasm so far the orator, were present to pay a tribute to as to desire that his countrymen should carry the great cause of humanity." For Britain with them some distinctive emblem into para- being, in the eyes of those Frenchmen who dise!
know nothing about her, so completely an After another visit to Rome, undertaken aristocrat-ridden country as to be a chief probably with a view of receiving a filial enemy of liberty and progress, any one who tutoring, and after preaching in 1842 and had been a thorn in her side must have de1843 at Bordeaux and Nancy, he again ap- served well of the world. We recommend peared at Notre Dame, and continued in the the “ Eloge” on O'Connell to the considerafollowing years the conferences he has since tion of those who would wish to see how published. In 1844 he succeeded in estab- O'Connell's career is regarded by foreign lishing a Dominican monastery at Chalais, Romanists. near Grenoble, from which he doubtless At the election of the Constituent Assembly, Lacordaire, though rejected at Paris, jestically in the sky; I entered—an old man, where Lamennais, and what is more, where before an altar, held between his hands the Coquerel, the Protestant pastor, were suc- bread consecrated eighteen centuries beforecessful, had the honor of being nominated at the crowd was prostrate, they prayed, adorMarseilles, in the company of M. Berryer, ed, and wept. That old man was God's rethe distinguished orator, and of M. Astouin, presentative on earth. In the city he inhabthe street porter. Great as his oratorical | its, poets, artists, pilgrims from all nations success had been in the pulpit, Lacordaire were assembled—every people had its amdid not appear to advantage in the tribune. bassadors and representatives. His career as
a legislator was short—he The following is a fair specimen of the failed, and felt he had failed ; after a week kind of philosophy he mingles with his disor two he sent in his resignation. With his courses :-“Young man of twenty years, I activity of mind it was, however, impossible greet thee! Thou canst write-canst alfor him to be a mere spectator of this event- ready use a vigorous stylus, and engrave thy ful epoch, and he accordingly founded one of serious thoughts-thoughts worthy, perhaps, the three hundred new journals which rose to pass to eternity; already it is known what like exhalations from the revolutionary flood thou wilt be in the church, in thy country, in of February. The "Ere Nouvelle” turned the world. But, О man, be not too proud of out not to be quite so ephemeral as the most thyself-proclaim not thyself independent ; of these, but its attempt “to reconcile reli- thy reason is a juice which has been infiltragion—that is, Romanism—with liberty” was ted into thee, a juice which others have made not duly appreciated, and on the 3d of June, ferment in thee; thy reason is the reason of 1849, it ceased to appear.
thy nurse, of thy father, of thy mother, of It would be unjust to our subject to con- thy masters; the vine hath not the right to clude without one or two quotations which pride itself on the cluster it parades—it is may serve to show the nature of Lacordaire's the sun, the moon, the earth, the mountain oratory. His style is beautiful ; Chateau- which may do so. O man! it is not thou briand has praised his “felicity of expres- who speakest-who actest; it is those who sion,” and declared " that his works contain have moulded thee, fashioned thee, that some of the finest pages in modern French through thee speak. What results from this? literature.” He has, in grouping and scene- That we may teach the child error as well as ry, all the spirit of a great painter. For truth.” And so, arguing for his church, he persuasion he possesses the advantage of a goes on to show “ that it was necessary that perfect sincerity ; amongst other sources of Jesus Christ should establish in the world an attraction two are prominent—bis appeals to infallible teaching authority, to be for a reFrench nationality, and the measure of phi-medy opposed to the so many sources of losophy he deals out in bis discourses. Never error. profound, but always seeming so, he inspires Here is one of the many passages in which his miscellaneous audience with the pleasing Napoleon figures :—-"Bertrand,” said Napoidea that they are successfully exploring leon, a few days before his death, “there great depths with him ; regardless of the have been only three great captains-Alexunsuitableness of the theme for the pulpit, he ander, Cæsar, and myself
. Alexander and rouses French enthusiasm by a retrospect of Cæsar are forgotten. I shall soon die. For French glory, and shouts as loudly as any some time some of our old comrades will old grenadier the magic names of Napoleon, empty a bottle in my honor, then, in my Marengo, Austerlitz.
turn, I shall be forgotten too. Bertrand, do As a picture, take the following from one you know what Jesus Christ was ???_-"No, of his conferences :—" It is now twelve sire; I have busied myself but little with years since I entered Rome for the first time those sort of things.”—“Well, Bertrand, Je—by the Flaminian gate. I went up to the sus Christ is the only man whose memory is capitol—Jupiter was there no longer; I look- ever living, ever young; above all he is the ed for the rostrum whence the eloquent voices only man who has been universally loved ; of Hortensius and Cicero resounded--it bad bis name, his life, his death, command a senbeen broken down. I traversed the Palatine timent which none of us--no other life--no hill—the Cæsars were absent; they had not other death can inspire. I know men well, even left a Prætorian guard to point out to the Bertrand, and certainly this man was God!" curious traveler the spot where their palace“ Magnificent words,”. adds Lacordaire, was. Not far from that I remarked an im“ which one day will be inscribed on the mense building, the dome of which rose ma- I tomb of Napoleon, and will shine there with a lustre brighter than the sun of Marengo | these present times, we have a strong preand Austerlitz.” Are such anecdotes for the sentiment that he will yet be heard of. What pulpit ?
if the day should come, when, bursting the Here we leave Lacordaire. He has been shackles with which he is bound, he shall be comparatively obscure since he resigned his able to give free scope to the many fine seat in the National Assembly; considering qualities of head and heart he possesses ? his character, however, and the nature of