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father, and a devoted partisan of the house was no wonder (considering he had not had of Lorraine. This brave Gascon officer at a single night's rest during the operations first scrupled to accept it, for he feared to against Thionville) that on the 1st July, incur the hatred of the Colignys and the when preparing for the siege of the rich litconstable. Wily and wary, like most of his tle town of Arlon, he complained of being countrymen, he declared himself willing to ! very drowsy, and left Montluc to invest the serve as a private soldier under the duke, | place—himself retiring to bed in a cottage, but modestly declined the command offered and giving orders to let him sleep till he him. The king insisting, he alleged a dysen-' awoke of himself. “It is very quick work,” tery, as rendering him incapable of the need- he observed, crossing himself, when he was ful activity. This and other objections being the next day informed, in reply to his inquiry overruled, he took possession of his important whether the batteries had opened fire, that command, and speedily proved himself Montluc had surprised and taken the place worthy to hold it—notably at the siege of in the night. Thionville on the Moselle. This fortress, Whilst Guise was thus not only rendering one of the strongest the Imperialists owned, great services himself, but bringing forward was defended by Jean de Cadarebbe, a leaders whose exploits honored the French brave gentleman of Brabant, at the head of arms, in other quarters affairs went less three thousand picked men. The Dukes of favorably for France. Near Dunkirk, MarGuise and Nevers, and Marshal Strozzi, shal Thermes was beaten and taken prisoner, were the leaders of the besieging army; and Guise, whose frequent lot it was to reMontluc joined them on the eve of the open- pair the blunders or misfortunes of less capaing of the batteries, and did excellent ser- ble generals, marched to Picardy ; on the vice. On the fifteenth day of the siege, frontier of which province, at a grand review Guise was in the trenches, talking to Strozzi, passed by Henry II., the duke's son and on whose shoulder his hand rested, when successor, Henry, Prince of Joinville, then the marshal was struck by an arquebuse but eight years old, appeared for the first ball, a little above the heart. On feeling time in public, with his cousin, the Count of himself hit, “ Ah! téle Dieu, Monsieur,” ex- St. Vallier, son of the Duke d'Aumale. Acclaimed this brave and able general, “ the companied by their preceptors and some king loses to-day a good servant, and your other gentlemen, and mounted on ponies, excellency also." He did himself no more they rode through the ranks, until they than justice. Guise was deeply affected, reached the troops commanded by Montluc. but, repressing his emotion, he tried to fix “ Cà, çà," my little princes,” exclaimed that Strozzi's thoughts on religion. The veteran's brave captain, “dismount; for I was brought death was less exemplary than his life; he up in the house of which you are issue, which died in profession of unbelief ; and Guise, is the house of Lorraine, where I was page, much scandalized, but perhaps doubly furious and I will be the first to put armś in your at the thought that the soul as well as the hands." The two cousins dismounted, and body of his old comrade had perished by the Montluc, taking off the little silken robons sudden manner of his death, prosecuted the that covered their shoulders, placed a pike siege with fresh ardor, eager for revenge, in the hand of each of them. “I hope," he and suppressing for the moment, as far as said, “ that God will give you grace to rewas able, the disastrous news, which could semble your fathers, and that I shall have not but produce a most unfavorable impres- brought you good fortune by being the first sion. Valiantly seconded by Montluc and to invest you with arms. To me they have, Vieilleville, on the 22d June, two days after hitherto, been favorable. May God render Strozzi's death, he received the capitulation you as brave as you are handsome, and sons of the garrison. His triumph was well of very good and generous fathers.” After earned. Besides the exhibition, throughout this species of martial baptism, the two chilthe siege, of the genius and inventive 're- dren, conducted by Montluc, passed along source that constitute a general of the highest the front of the troops, objects of the admiraorder, he had toiled and exposed himself like tion and good wishes of men and officers. a mere subaltern, constantly under fire, per- A few months later, one of them was dead ; sonally superintending the pioneers and the other, heir to most of the great qualities, artillerymen, and rarely sleeping ; so that it whether good or bad, that distinguished his
race, lived to prosecute, and, at one time, aspiring, one to the tiara, the other to the almost to realize, the most ambitious designs crown of France. However doubtful-or, his father and grandfather had conceived. at least, remote from maturity—these proThe fair-haired boy of the review at Pierre-jects were, they were yet sufficiently proba- . pont, was the stern Balafré of the wars of ble for their denunciation to produce the dethe League.
sired effect on the mind of Henry, already The spring of the year 1550 found the writhing impatiently under the domination Guises in marked disfavor with the king. of the Guises, against whom he was further The great services of the duke, the capture prejudiced by his mistress, the Duchess de of Calais and Thionville, and the many other Valentinois, (Diane de Poitiers,) still influenfeats of arms by which he had reduced the tial, in spite of her threescore winters. power of the enemy, at moments when it Never had circumstances been so menacing was about to be fatal to France, were insuffi- to the fortunes of the Guises ; and perhaps cient to counterbalance the alarm felt by it was only the subtle and temporizing line Henry II., at his and the cardinal's influence of conduct they adopted, in this critical conand ambition. The star of the constable juncture, that saved them from utter disgrace was in the ascendant. Chiefly by his inter and downfall. Things had been but a short vention, a disadvantageous peace was con- time in this state, and already, from the cluded, and, at his request, d’Andelot was skillful mancuvres of the cardinal, their rccalled to court. Montmorency and Coligny side of the balance acquired an upward intriumphed. The efforts of the Protestants clination, when the whole aspect of affairs combined with court intrigues to ruin the was changed by the death of Henry II. credit of the house of Lorraine. The two With the reign of his feeble successor, there brothers were attacked on all sides, and in commenced for the restless princes of Lorevery manner : epigram and satire furiously raine a new epoch of power and renown. assailed them, and they were denounced as
THE DESCENDANTS OF ROBERT BURNS.
THERE is an interest attached to all that descendants, those also of a Bornean prince. relates to the great poet and the unsuccess- Mr. Burns has discovered mines of antimony ful ploughman which extends over the nad coal-fields in Borneo, more extensive than whole Anglo-Saxon race. The little fact
in the world, out of America. He seems, which we are about to state may, therefore, moreover, to be not only a person of great be worth noticing. For some time there has enterprize, but also a man of intelligence and been traveling in the interior of the remote good education. We do not think the poet island of Borneo, and sojourning among its could have anticipated this destiny for a rude people, a young man named Burns, the descendant, although for his forefathers, it granson of Robert Burns and “bonny Jean.”
was among his aspirations that some of them I'his adventurous youth has been hospitably may possibly have followed the Scots kings and kindly treated by the Dyaks, and a in the charge of a hostile force or the stormprince of the Kayan nation, the most powering of a breach. ful of the island, has given him one of his
Even I who sing in rustic lore, daughters to wife ; so that the future bio
Haply my sires have left their shed, graphers of Robert Burns will, in all human
And faced grim danger's loudest roar, probability, be able to enumerate among his Bold following where your fathers led.
From Chambers' Journal.
STEAM-BRIDGE OF THE ATLANTIC.
In the summer of 1838 the Atlantic Ocean | brought to New York passengers and intelwas crossed for the first time by vessels ex- ligence from Europe were British built. clusively propelled by steam-power. These They had been constructed in the Avon, the pioneers were the Sirius and the Greal Wes- Mersey, and the Clyde, the greater number tern—the former built for another class of having been launched in the same waters as voyages, and afterwards lost on the station first received Henry Bell's little Comet. between Cork and London ; the latter built Why did America not embark in such enterexpressly for Atlantic navigation, and which prise? As regards steam navigation, Fulton has ever since been more or less employed was before Bell ; New York before Glasgow; in traversing that ocean. Other ships follow- the Fulton's Folly before the Comel; and was ed: the British Queen, afterwards sold to the Belgian government; the Great Liverpool,
“ The greatest nation subsequently altered and placed on the line
In all creation" between Southampton and Alexandria ; and the President, lost, no man knows how or to be outdone in the field of enterprize by where, in the year 1841. Then came what the old Britishers ? American pride said is called “ Cunard's Line,” consisting of a “No;" American instinct said “No;" and, number of majestic steam-ships, built in the above all, American capitalists said “No!" Clyde, to carry passengers and mails between Keels were laid down in New York; the Liverpool in Europe, and Halifax, Boston, and shipbuilders' yards became unusually active; New York in America ; a service they have and the stately timbers of majestic ships performed with the most marvellous regulari. gradually rose before the admiring gaze of ty. The only great misfortune that has be- the citizens of the great republic. fallen this line has been the loss of one of the But the race of William the Doubter is not vessels, the Columbin, which, in nautical yet extinct, and many, as usual, shook their phrase, “ broke her back” on some rocks on wise heads at the enterprise. It was admitthe American shore of the Atlantic. Then ted that in inland navigation the Americans came the Great Britain, the greatest of them had beaten the world ; that, except an occaall, differing from the others in two respects sional blow-up, their river steamers were real-first, in being built of iron instead of wood; ly models of enterprise and skill ; but it was and second, in being propelled by the Ar- gravely added, the Mississippi is not the Atchimedean screw instead of by the old pad-lantic; icebergs are not snags; and an Atlandle-wheels; and, alas! she has differed from tic wave is somewhat different from on Obio them all in a third respect, inasmuch as neith- ripple. These truisms were of course undeer the same good-luck attended her as in niable ; but to them was quickly added anogeneral fell to the lot of the ships of the ther fact, about which there could be as little Cunard Line, nor the same irretrievable bad mistake--namely, the arrival at Southampton, fortune as was met by the President and the after a voyage which, considering it was the Columbia ; for, after having made several first, was quite successful, of the Americanvoyages very successfully, she, to the amaze- built steam-ship Washington from New York. ment of all mankind, very quietly went a- There seemed to be a touch of calm irony in shore in Dundrum Bay, on the east coast of thus making the Washington the first of Ireland, from whence, after spending a most their Atlantic-crossing steamers, as if the uncomfortable winter, she was brought back Americans had said, " You doubting Britishto Liverpool, and now lies in the Bramley- ers! when you wished to play tyrant over Moore Dock there, like a huge mass of iron us, did we not raise one Washington who suffering under premature rust
. But all this chastised you ? and now that you want to motime these ocean steamers that periodically 'nopolize Atlantic navigation, we have raised
another Washington, just to let you know | to the trustees of the institution for the Blind, that we will beat you again!"
whose church and school are now being reThe Washington, however, was only the moved to give greater space round the staprecursor of greater vessels. These were to tion of the London and North-Western Railsail between New York and Liverpool, carry- way. On the day of my visit crowds of ing the mails under a contract with the Ameri- people were waiting at the pier for the can government. In size, and speed, and splen- steamer that was to convey them to the Atdor of fittings, these new ships were to sur- lantic. Whitsuntide visitors from the manupass the old ; even their names were, if pos- facturing districts were hastening on board sible, to be more grand and expressive. The the numerous vessels waiting to take them vessels of Cunard's Line had lately appro- on pleasure excursions to the Isle of Man, priated the names of the four great continents North Wales, or round the light-ship at the of the globe, but the oceans remained, and mouth of the river. There was great risk their names were adopted ; the new steamers of making mistakes in the hurry; and the being called the Allantic, Pacific, Arctic, remark of an old sailor, that the vessel could Baltic, and Adriatic. The first of these was “ easily be known by the Yankee flag flying despatched from New York on the 27th of at the fore,” served only still further to conApril last, and arrived in Mersey on the 10th of fuse the many, who could not tell one flag May, thus making the the passage in about from another. However, a small tug-steamthirteen days. The voyage would have been er soon appeared with a dirty piece of buntmade in a shorter time but for two accidents; ing, just recognizable is the famous “starthe bursting of the condenser; and the dis- spangled banner," flying at the fore : and covery, after the vessel was some distance at her deck was in a few minutes so crowded, sea, of the weakness of the floats or boards that orders were issued to take no more on on the paddle-wheels. About two days were board, and away we steamed, leaving about entirely lost in making repairs ; and the a hundred people to exercise their patience speed was reduced, in order to prevent the until the steamer's return. A man at my elfloats from being entirely torn away from the bow, who afterward appeared in the capacipaddle-wheels. These things considered, ty of money-taker, whispered, “There's the the passage was very successful. The aver- caplin!” and on looking up the gang way, I age time occupied during 1849 by the vessels of the old line between New York and Liver
“ A man of middle age, pool was 12 days; but their voyages were In aspect manly, grave, and sage,” longer than those of the Atlantic, as they called at Halifax. The shortest passage was looking calmly in the direction of the colosthat made by the Canada from New York to sal ship of which he was the commander ; Liverpool via Halifax in eleven days four his complexion browned by exposure to sun hours.
and wind, storm and spray; and his whole The Atlantic remained for nineteen days demeanor indicating the calm strength acat Liverpool: and during all that time she quired by long familiarity with the elements had to lie in a part of the river called the in their roughest moods. As we approachSloyne, in consequence of none of the docked the ship, her appearance was not preposentrances being wide enough to allow her to sessing. She is undoubtedly clumsy : the pass in. Her breath, measuring across the three masts are low, the funnel is short and paddle-boxes, is 75 feet; of the vessels of dumpy, there is no bowsprit, and her sides Cunard's Line, about 70 feet; and the wi- are painted black, relieved only by one long dest dock-entrance is barely sufficient to ad- streak of dark-red. Her length, between the mit the latter. The Great Britain, though perpendiculars--that is, the length of her longer than any other steam-ship that ever keel-is 276 feet; breath (exclusive of padentered the Mersey, is not so broad, as, be dle-boxes,) 45; thus keeping up the proporing propelled by the serew, she has no pad- tion, as old as Noah's ark, of six feet of dle-wheels. A dock at the north shore is length to one of breath. The stern is soundnow in course of construction expressly for ed, having in the centre the American eathe accommodation of the Atlantic and her gle, clasping the star and striped shield, but. consorts.
no other device. The figure head is of coFor several days during her stay at Liver- lossal dimensions, intended, say some, for pool the Atlantic was open to visitors on Neptune; others say that it is the “old Tripayment of sixpence each, the money thus ton blowing his wreathed horn," so glowingly realised (upwards of £70) being paid over described by Wordsworth: and some wags
assert that it is the proprietor of the ship | saloon, 67 feet long, and the dining saloon, blowing his own trumpet. The huge bulk of 60 feet long, each being 20 feet broad, and the Atlantic was more perceptible by con- divided from each other by the steward's trast with the steamer-none of the smallest pantry. This pantry is more like a silver—that was now alongside ; for though the smith's shop, the sides being lined with glasslatter was large enough to accommodate cases stored with beautifully burnished plate; about four hundred people on deck, yet its crockery of every description, well secured, funnel scarcely reached as high as the bul- is seen in great quantities; and the neatness warks of the Atlantic. The diameter of the of arrangement shows that the gilded inscrippaddle-wheels is 36 feet; and the floats, tion, full in the sight of every visitor—"A many of which, split and broken, were ly place for everything, and everything in its ing about in the water, are nearly 15 feet place”—has been reduced to practice. Above long. The depth of the hold is 31 feet, and the tables in the dining-saloon are suspendthe estimated burthen 2860 tons, being about ed racks, cut to receive decanters, glasses, the same as the Great Britain, and about &c., so that they can be immediately placed 500 tons more than the ships of the old Cu- on the table without the risk attendant on nard Line.
carrying them from place to place. The two Like all the other Atlantic steamers, the saloons are fitted up in a very superior man. run of the deck is almost a straight line. ner; rose, satin, and olive are the principal Around the funnel, and between the paddle woods that have been used, and some of the boxes, is a long wooden house, and another tables are of beautifully variegated marble, is placed at the stern. These contain the with metal supporters. The carpets are state-rooms of the captain and officers : and very rich, and the coverings of the sofas, in a cluster are to be found the kitchen, the chairs, &c., are of the same superior quality. pastry-room, and the barber's shop. The The panels round the saloons contain beautitwo former are, like similar establishments, fully finished emblems of each of the states replete with every convenience, having even in the Union, and a few other devices that a French maitre de cuisine : but the latter is savor very strongly of republicanism. For quite unique. It is fitted up with all neces- example, a young and beautiful figure, all sary apparatus-with glass-cases containing radiant with health and energy, wearing a perfumery, &c.; and in the centre is the cap of liberty, and waving a drawn sword, ** barber's chair.” This is a comfortable is represented trampling on a feudal prince, well-stuffed seat, with an inclined back. In from whose head a crown has rolled in the front is a stuffed trestle, on which to rest feet dust. The cabin windows are of beautifuland legs; and behind is a little stuffed ap- ly painted glass embelished with the arms of paratus like a crutch, on which to rest the New York, and other cities in the States. head. These are moveable, so as to suit Large circular glass ventilators, reaching people of all sizes : and in this comfortable from the deck to the lower saloon, are also horizontal position the passenger lies, and his richly ornamented, while handsome mirrors beard is taken off in a twinkling, let the multiply all this splendor. The general efAtlantic waves roll as they may. The house fect is that of chasteness and a certain kind at the stern contains a smoking-room, and of solidity. There is not much gilding, the a small apartment completely sheltered from colors used are not gaudy, and there is a dethe weather for the steersman. The smoking gree of elegant comfort about the saloons room communicates with the cabin below, so that is sometimes wanting amid splendid fitthat, after dinner, those passengers so dis-tings. There is a ladies' drawing-room near posed may, without the least exposure to the chief saloon full of every luxury. The the weather, or annoyance to their neigh- berths are about 150 in number, leading out, bours, enjoy the weed of old Virginia in as usual, from the saloons. The most novel perfection. This smoking-room is the prin feature about them is the “ wedding berths," cipal prospect of the man at the helm, who, wider and more handsomely furnished than however, has to steer according to his sig- the others, intended for such newly-married nals. Before him is a painted intimation couples as wish to spend the first fortnight that one bell means “port,” and two bells of the honeymoon on the Atlantic. Such mean "starbord ;” a like intimation appears berths are, it seems, always to be found on on the large bell in the bow of the ship: and board the principal river-steamers in Ameriaccording to the striking of the bell so must ca, but are as yet unknown on this side of he steer.
the water. Each berth has a bell rope comProceeding below, we come to the great municating with a patented machine called