The Jews and the Expansion of Europe to the West, 1450-1800

Voorkant
Paolo Bernardini, Norman Fiering
Berghahn Books, 1 mrt. 2001 - 592 pagina's
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Jews and Judaism played a significant role in the history of the expansion of Europe to the west as well as in the history of the economic, social, and religious development of the New World. They played an important role in the discovery, colonization, and eventually exploitation of the resources of the New World. Alone among the European peoples who came to the Americas in the colonial period, Jews were dispersed throughout the hemisphere; indeed, they were the only cohesive European ethnic or religious group that lived under both Catholic and Protestant regimes, which makes their study particularly fruitful from a comparative perspective. As distinguished from other religious or ethnic minorities, the Jewish struggle was not only against an overpowering and fierce nature but also against the political regimes that ruled over the various colonies of the Americas and often looked unfavorably upon the establishment and tleration of Jewish communities in their own territory. Jews managed to survive and occasionally to flourish against all odds, and their history in the Americas is one of the more fascinating chapters in the early modern history of European expansion.

 

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Inhoudsopgave

A MILDER COLONIZATION
1
PART I THE OLD NEW WORLD
25
Chapter 1 BIBLICAL HISTORY AND THE AMERICAS
27
Chapter 2 KNOWLEDGE OF NEWLY DISCOVERED LANDS AMONG JEWISH COMMUNITIES OF EUROPE
47
Chapter 3 JEWISH SCIENTISTS AND THE ORIGIN OF MODERN NAVIGATION
73
Chapter 4 THE HOPE OF THE NETHERLANDS
86
Chapter 5 ISRAEL IN AMERICA
107
PART II IDENTITY AT STAKE
123
Chapter 14 ATLANTIC TRADE AND SEPHARDIM MERCHANTS IN EIGHTEENTHCENTURY FRANCE
268
Chapter 15 JEWISH SETTLEMENTS IN THE FRENCH COLONIES IN THE CARIBBEAN
287
Chapter 16 NEW CHRISTIANSNEW WHITES
314
PART V BLOSSOMING IN ANOTHER WORLD
333
Chapter 17 THE JEWS OF DUTCH AMERICA
335
Chapter 18 THE JEWS IN SURINAME AND CURAÇAO
350
Chapter 19 AN ATLANTIC PERSPECTIVE ON THE JEWISH STRUGGLE FOR RIGHTS AND OPPORTUNITIES IN BRAZIL NEW NETHERLA...
369
Chapter 20 ANTECEDENTS AND REMNANTS OF JODENSAVANNE
394

Chapter 6 NEW CHRISTIAN MARRANO JEW
125
Chapter 7 MARRANO RELIGIOSITY IN HISPANIC AMERICA IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
149
Chapter 8 CRYPTOJEWS AND THE MEXICAN HOLY OFFICE IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
172
Chapter 9 THE PARTICIPATION OF NEW CHRISTIANS AND CRYPTOJEWS IN THE CONQUEST COLONIZATION AND TRADE OF SPANIS...
186
Chapter 10 CRYPTOJEWS AND NEW CHRISTIANS IN COLONIAL PERU AND CHILE
203
PART III THE LUSOBRAZILIAN EXPERIENCE
213
Chapter 11 MARRANOS AND THE INQUISITION
215
Chapter 12 OUTCASTS FROM THE KINGDOM
242
PART IV FROM TOLERATION TO EXPULSION
253
Chapter 13 THE PORTUGUESE JEWISH NATION OF SAINTESPRITLÈSBAYONNE
255
PART VI THE BROKERS OF THE WORLD
437
Chapter 21 JEWS AND NEW CHRISTIANS IN THE ATLANTIC SLAVE TRADE
439
Chapter 22 NEW CHRISTIANS AND JEWS IN THE SUGAR TRADE 15501750
471
Chapter 23 NEW CHRISTIANS AS SUGAR CULTIVATORS AND TRADERS IN THE PORTUGUESE ATLANTIC 14501800
485
Chapter 24 THE JEWISH MOMENT AND THE TWO EXPANSION SYSTEMS IN THE ATLANTIC 15801650
501
PART VII THE JEWS IN COLONIAL BRITISH AMERICA
517
Chapter 25 THE JEWS IN BRITISH AMERICA
519
NOTES ON CONTRIBUTORS
532
NAME INDEX
537
Copyright

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Over de auteur (2001)

Paolo Bernardini was a Fellow of the Princeton Institute for Advanced Study and of the Royal Historical Society. Currently he is Resident Director of the Padova Program, Boston University.

Norman Fiering is the author of two books that were awarded the Merle Curti Prize for Intellectual History by the Organization of American Historians and of numerous articles. Since 1983, he has been Director of the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University.

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